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would, in fact, offer suggestions enough, and in this or that part of the empire at present. from the exaggeration so tempting to writers quotations enough, for a very long article. His object is, rather, to show that violence who, having to make the most of their travels Under its slightness there are often wise was even then a great evil, only to be en- and experiences, delight in impressing on us remarks, as, for example, when at Florence countered when no other means of deliverance how much we are left behind in the race by Mr. James hits upon the real central truth from despotism could be devised ; and he points our children. Mr. Twopeny not only describes about art, that it is not a thing to be out in eloquent words that all the reasonable well, but with a considerable sense of humour. preached about or scolded about in the " angry wants of Englishmen may now be attained by After giving a general account of Melbourne, governess" style, but to be freely and happily the slow but sure means of educating the Sydney, and Adelaide, he proceeds to tell us enjoyed.

masses until they really desire them, and are, how their inhabitants live, what their houses Art is the one corner of human life in which as a consequence, worthy of them.

are like, and how furnished; what they eat, we may take our ease. . . . In other places our Mr. Picton's idea of what England may and how they dress. He gives a laughable passions are conditioned and embarrassed. .. become is a very noble one, though too description of Australian servants, babies, and

Wherever slight to be criticised in detail. It is certainly school-boys (these last, most objectionable her brilliant standard floats, the need for upolo- very widely different from that unorganised individuals), and then proceeds to the more gies and exonerations is over ; there it is and stupid democracy which some people tell serious subjects of education, morals, religion, enough simply that we please, or that we are pleased. There the tree is judged only by its

us is the future to which we are drifting politics, and literature. fruits. If these are sweet, one is welcome to

Liberty," he tells

As yet, the native-born Australian is in pluck them. . . . As for Mr. Ruskin's world of “ requires mutual concession, nay, mutual sub- a minority; the majority of adults are Englishart being a place where we may take life ordination; and equality implies something born colonists. The author enquires what easily, woe to the luckless mortal who enters more than the sentiment of citizenship-it modification the middle-class Englishman it with any such disposition. Instead of a implies reverence for humanity in every form, undergoes in Australia. garden of delight, he finds a sort of assize when disguised by conventional rank as well court, in perpetual session. Instead of a place as when inarred and begrimed by toil.”

“In some ways a deterioration; in others, an in which human susceptibilities are lightened This is, of course, true; and it is a kind of itself in an increased love of dram, and espe,

amelioration. The deteriorating tendency shows and suspended, he finds a region governed by truth which requires insisting on when violent cially spirit, drinking; in apparel and general bilities, indeed, are tenfold increased ; the gulf people, whether progressive or reactionary, carelessness and in a roughening of manner between truth and error is for ever yawning at talk nonsense in political speeches. We think, and an increase of selfishness. The improvehis feet; the pains and penalties of this same however, that Mr. Picton has failed to tell ment lies chiefly in greater independence of error are advertised in apocalyptic terminology the whole truth. He has denounced the manner and thought, in a greater amount of wanderer soon begins to look back with infinite perhaps, even with a somewhat one-sided kindness of heart, and in a more complete upon a thousand sign-posts; and the poor game-laws and the land-laws, as they deserve, thought, and in enlarged and more tolerant longing to the lost paradise of the artless.”

energy; but he has not so clearly pointed out realisation of the great fact of human brotherThis is truly and very forcibly stated. The that, before his ideal of a free commonwealth hood. In Australia a man feels himself a best quality of the artist, as Prof. Seeley has can come within measurable distance of attain- unit in the community, a somebody; in Engpointed out, is to possess a higher power of ment, there must be many reforms in social land he is one among twenty-seven millions

, enjoyment than others, so that he may be a feelings and in the minor morals. The present a nobody. This feeling brings with it a greater minister of enjoyment to them; and it might generation of English people would be as sense of self-respect and responsibility: Alto easily be shown that the highest function of unable to preserve such a state of things as

gether, then, it may be said that the balance of the critic is not to attack works of art, but he dreams of from corruption and decay as improvement rather than of deterioration. The

the modification is generally on the side of simply to take pleasure in good ones, and get the great and good men who succeeded Oliver Englishman in Australia improves more than them well preserved and well cared for, and Cromwell were to hinder the restoration of he deteriorates ; and this is the more true the estimated at their proper value. It is by no the man whom Mr. Picton rightly calls a lower you descend in the social scale. It may means a frivolous or an unnecessary function, “drunken, debauched adventurer.”

be doubted whether the really well-educated in a time of hurried and often destructive We wish Mr. Picton would continue his man—the 'gentleman,' in short, to use the industry, to be the friend and defender of lectures, and give us some of the lessons to word in its technical sense of a man well born, the beautiful.

P. G. HAMERTOX. be drawn from the reign of Charles II. To well bred, and well educated-generally imus it seems that that foul time, when the proves in the colonies. As a rule, I should say

he deteriorates." Court harlots seem to have been the most Lessons from the Rise and Fall of the English decent people among the gang that surrounded

The chapters on servants and food are espeCommonwealth. Six Lectures by J. Allanson the King, has lessons as well worth study as

cially amusing We have all heard of the Picton. (Alexander & Shepheard.)

Shaftesbury and difficulty of getting decent servants in the The biographer of Oliver Cromwell has turned Titus Oates, Lady Castlemaine and Nell Gwin, colonies. Very few native-born Australians to account his great knowledge of the heroic are not such pleasant objects of contemplation period in the seventeenth century by deliver- as the men and women who struggled, suf- there are constant shipments of servants from ing a series of lectures in which he has fered, and died for the idea of freedom in the home, they probably consist of not even endeavoured to show what political lessons former age.

second-rate As we may trace much of the

From Mr. Twopeny's we may derive from a study of the English present liberty to the latter, so we believe account of the accommodation (or, rather, want Commonwealth.

Mr. Picton is, we believe, much of the foulness, vice, and wanton dis- of accommodation) for them in most of the considered to belong to the more advanced regard for the rights of others which shocks better class of Australian houses, it is easy to section of the Liberal party. There are many every well-ordered mind is directly due to

see that even large wages would not make passages in these Lectures which seem evi- the herd of swine which ruled us from the such service tolerable to good servants. As dence of the fact, and yet he has given us period of the Restoration to the Revolution.

to good cooks, they are not to be found in one of the most conservative books we


Australia, nor, indeed, do the rich Australians have ever read. We are, of course, using

feel the want of them; and, as no one keeps & the word in a somewhat different sense to

kitchen-maid, there are no young servants to that in which it is employed when the Town Life in Australia. By R. E. N. be trained up as cooks. The style of living party politics of the day are spoken of. It

Twopeny. (Elliot Stock.)

of all classes is abundant indeed, but of the is a great mistake to read into the great Tuis interesting and amusing book was origin

simplest kind. struggle between a "divine right” king and ally written in letters, each of which now Of course, meat is the staple of Australian a people determined to develop their in- makes a convenient chapter. Mr. Twopeny life. A working-man whose whole family did herited freedom any of the exciting cries is observant, and describes graphically what not eat meat three times a day would indeed be which have stirred the public mind during the he sees. If anyone desires to know what the a phenomenon. High and low, rich and poor, present generation. Mr. Picton does not do Australians are like, and what their every-day hottest weather. Not that they know how to

all eat meat to an incredible extent, even in the this. He leaves it to ignorant and violent life is, he cannot do better than send for prepare it in any delicate way, for, to the people to tell us how the methods which were Town Life in Australia. It is refreshing to working and middle, as well as to most of the found effective in a past age might be useful read a book on some of our great colonies free wealthy, classes, cooking is an unknown art.


I once


The meat is roast or boiled, hot or cold, some- the work reveals many changes. It would adding, however, that he dares not call Ocòs times fried or hashed. It is not helped in mere be useless to attempt à reference to all the a corruption. In 1 Tim. vi. 7 he seems to slices, but in good substantial hunks.

In modifications of this new edition; and it must support dñdov, although he would " have liked

You can hardly realise the delight of tucking in" suffice to name, as the sections which have to see” the evidence ** a little stronger." In

been especially enlarged, the description of Philem. 12 he seems to be uncertain how far to to a dish of fruit at a dinner party. heard a colonist say, "I don't like your nasty the Greek cursive MSS., of the Latin MSS., follow the latest editors. In Rev. xv. 6 he prelittle English slices of meat; we want some- and, of recent views in criticism, and the fers divov (Livoûv); and in Rev. xviii. 3, TÉTKE, thing that we can put our teeth into.'...I application of the materials to certain textual or possibly métWKAV. It will be seen that have not yet described the food of any but the questions.

there has been no change of moment in the working-class; and if they live ten times better For the Latin MSS. the author has been author's position with respect to the so-called than their fellows at home, it is equally true so fortunate as to secure the aid of Prof. “textus receptus ;” he continues to maintain that the middle, and especially the upper, class John Wordsworth, whose preparations for a that many important alterations are necessary live ten times worse. But, as victualling is as

critical edition of the Vulgate have given in that text. It will nevertheless not astonish necessary a condition of existence here as any him an exceptional command of the subject ; anyone that Dr. Scrivener, in discussing recent where else, I must do my best to enlighten you and this serves to make up for the compara- views, combats at some length-unsuccessas to our situation in this respect. May you never have practical experience thereof ! if it tive neglect in the second edition of the epoch- fully, it is true—the critical theories of Westbe true that, while the French eat, the English making article “Vulgate” in Smith's Diction- cott and Hort, much as he praises their learnonly feed, we may fairly add that the Australians ary of the Bible. It is worthy of note that quite ing and zcal. grub.' Nor could it be otherwise under the a number of the new MSS. have been already We are unable to follow Dr. Scrivener circumstances. It is not merely because it is collated by Prof. Wordsworth or by some one (p. 26) in supposing that the reed pen was difficult to entice a good cook to come out here. of the band of scholars who are assisting him. given up in the East when papyrus went out If he really wants a thing, the wealthy colonist will not spare money to get it; but how can

Importance has always been attached to of use, that only a few of the existing MSS. you expect a man who, for the greater part of Dr. Scrivener's descriptions of the Greek

were written with reeds, and that the imhis life, has been eating mutton and damper, cursive MSS., and it will surprise no one to pression of the letters in the parchment is and drinking parboiled tea three times a day, find that this part of his work has been much due to the heavy stroke of an iron stylus ; to understand the art of good living? Even if extended. The author, together with his son, we cannot even imagine the use of a fluid he does, he finds it unappreciated by those the Rev. F. G. Scrivener, of Lakenheath, with a stylus. It is probably

It is probably a mere inaround him."

has been occupied for some time past in advertence in the sentence which makes it The ordinary cook is not even capable of examining and collating the MSS. of the seem (p. 27) as if the sheets of folio MSS. sending up a simple meal properly; the meat, Baroness Burdett-Coutts, and the fruits of were furnished with signatures at intervals potatoes, and plain pudding are all ill-cooked. this appear in many a note scattered here of four leaves. On the same page, in note 2, Vobody minds if only he has enough.

and there. Moreover, it has been possible for it would be better to unite the separately The book contains some very interesting the Vicar of Hendon to assure himself by named parts of the Lyons Pentateuch. It is observations on trade and business. As in personal inspection of various points in refer- difficult to understand what is meant England two hundred years ago, land is the ence to MŠS. not easily accessible to him p. 41 by “the unformed character of the safest investment that offers itself in Australia. while he was at St. Gerrans. His efficient writing" in the Oxford Plato. In referring The interest on mortgages is from six and lieutenant in former years has outdone him to the orixol, on p. 51, the author seems a-balf to eight per cent., and nine-tenths of self in his zeal for the present edition. totally unaware of the discussions of the last the house-property of Australia is mortgaged Everyone will remember Dean Burgon's forty years, from Ritschl in 1838 to Graux up to two-thirds of its value. The heavy valuable notes upon British and foreign MSS. and Birt; indeed, Gardthausen's Griechische protectionist tariff of Victoria has produced an in last year's Guardian; but, not satisfied Paläographie of 1879 appears altogether to almost universal practice of presenting the with that, he has since obtained a large list have escaped his notice. With reference to Customs with false invoices so skilfully con- of MSS. in foreign libraries. Unfortunately, p. 71, it may be observed that the proper cocted as to make detection impossible. The these came too late to be assigned to their due name of a Gospel lesson-book seems to be author states that within his knowledge this position in the body of the book, and the simply evayyéliov, and of the lesson-book practice has been resorted to by firms of the author has placed them after the Preface. from the Acts and Epistles simply áróorodos. highest standing. The maxim of caveat We are glad also to learn that the Dean and P. 88, note 1: Brugsch’s fragment is not fapter is pushed in Australia to its farthest his nephew, the Rev. W. F. Rose, have been from the Codex Sinaiticus. Pp. 124, 125 : +Itreme. Of all foreign manufacturers the collating several MSS., and that the results is it not possible that the corrections by the Americans are the most to be relied on, the will soon be published. The one great original scribe in many MSS. are dim simply French the least. Of all professions, medicine meeting-point of all New Testament scholars, because the scribe, in wishing to turn over,

ertainly is the best remunerated in Australia; whatever their theories and predilections may put sand upon the brief correction ? P. 134 : the elergy, who are the hardest worked, are be, is that they desire to know what the there are no scholia in Merv, but only notes the worst paid.

MSS. say. Every collation either adds to our of the church lessons. P. 135: Dr. Scrivener Nr. Twopeny tells us that he is now in knowledge of the history of the text or serves does not mention Duchesne's edition of the Ver Zealand. We trust he may be getting to clear the ground by enabling us to assign Patmos Nevr. On p. 142 he carries his Esterials for a book on that colony as enter- the MS. examined to its proper place. It is persistent neglect of modern literature to taining as the present one, which we can much to be hoped that the renewed interest excess when he fails to observe that Bishop mommend with confidence to our readers. in critical questions may direct the attention Lightfoot, in the former edition of the volume WILLIAM WICKHAM. of many a young scholar to this department. before us, places Ts in the office of the


may add that the author emphasises the Clarendon Press—compare p. 394; correct

need of workers not only in the field of the also the Index for Ts on p. 676, col. 2. Mat Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, but also in the patristic the beginning of the penultimate paragraph Fec Testament. By F. H. A. Scrivener. branch of text-criticism. We trust that his on p. 162 should read G'. On p. 172 Dr. Third Elition. (Bell.) .) words will be heeded.

Scrivener mentions but fourteen out of the TIX. monumental labours of Westcott and In the application of the materials to par- thirty-one leaves of Hpaul, and neglects Hort and the revision of the English New ticular texts, the following points may be Duchesne's edition of the Athos H. Testament have drawn fresh attention to noticed. In Mark vi. 20, where the second The cursive MSS. open a field too wide for **stual studies not only in Great Britain, but edition accepted nrópel, the third returns to discussion here. Every scholar will be glad zleo upon the Continent and in America, so foiel, not because of any change in the evi- to see the large additions to the list. It is that Dr. Scrivener's valuable Introduction dence, but because the latter reading now not strange that Dr. Scrivener should still will receive even a warmer welcome upon appears to Dr. Scrivener “ to afford an excel- have missed here and there a MS. upon the this its third issue than when it was pre- lent sense.' In 1 Cor. xi. 29 he seems in- Continent—as, for instance, the one given to Tasly offered to the world of scholars. The clined to give up åvašíws and roll kuplov as the royal library at Munich by a former King

20 new pages indicate at once the large glosses. In 1 Thess. ii. 7 he rejects maio. of Greece ; it is more remarkable that several additions made, and a careful examination of In 1 Tim. iii. 16 he accepts os as before, British Mss. have escaped his notice-for

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as you read.

example, the one received at Dean Burgon's ' is written, no amount of excellence of technique cent of Blanco White in its opening lines, in college, Oriel

, some time before the Bodleian is of itself enough: Style is much, very much, original and good; and there is a description of MS. named on p. xxiji. reached Oxford; and but imagination is more ; and the writer who Evening which is still better. The latter has. it is singular that two of the four MSS. at cannot project some purely imaginative phan- indeed, some of the drowsy charm of Gray hima.

tasy has little chance of being known. More- self. A description of Dawn is marred by a Holkham should be omitted-one of these, a

over, the imagination of a modern poet must little excess in poetic personification. But, in dated one, was mentioned by the present have something to do with life: much of the truth, there are odd passages in the one book writer a few months ago in the ACADEMY. imagination of the lesser poets of our time is which we have read that have very remarkable It may be observed that the Isaac H. Hull on in the position of Mahomet's coffin, in being merit indeed. We have glanced over the p. 321, note 1, p. 485, note 1, and p. 546, neither in the heavens above, nor on the earth remainder of the volume, and do not doubt but note 4, is Prof. Hall, formerly in the American beneath. “ The Dew-fall” in Mr. Home's that, if we had the patience of the men who

stood before Metz, we could extract from this College at Beirut, and now connected with book has real beauty :

“Ninefold Praise of Love" the Sunday School Times in Philadelphia. " I heard the word of the Dew-fall

a body of detached

lines that would establish for Mr. Pitchford the We understand that he intends to publish As it gathered itself to a pearl,

And lay on the leaf of the Lily,

pame of poet. The greater part of the work, at least a part of the Syriac MS. in question.

Like a tear on the cheek of a girl.

however, is occupied with subjects that have no The account of Beza's editions of the Greek

Cold, cold, O Lily,'

more to do with poetry than with politics. New Testament (for we are here concerned

The Dewdrop said to the leaf;

For example, the book called “The Song of only with the Greek) is hopelessly entangled. Thy leaf, 0 Lily, is cold and chilly, Sorrow” discusses the mystery of pain, the Reuss's book of 1872 explained the matter,

And pale as a wordless grief.'

difficulty of harmonising this mystery with Ezra Abbot re-explained it in 1873, and the “ There arose a breeze at the nightfall,

Divine benevolence, the explanation of RevelaAnd blew the rushes apart;

tion, and so on, present writer re-stated it in the Theologische

When will it be recognised The Lily shook, and the Dewdrop

that the first necessity of a poem is that its Literaturzeitung, and forwarded a copy to Dr.

Slipt inward, and lay at her heart.

subject should be poetic? It is not enough Scrivener; and yet the author, on p. 440, mis

Cold, cold, O Lily,'

that its treatment should be so. Mr. Pitchford interprets Beza's words, charges to Beza's old Said the Dewdrop unto the flower ; has dealt with themes that require an entirely age a mistake which Beza did not make, and

Thy heart, O Lily, is cold and chilly,

different vehicle. His themes dishonour his

And dark as a wintry shower.' suggests that Reuss arbitrarily opposes Beza's

vehicle, and his vehicle dishonours his themes. own view. All that need be said is that And the night went by with its starlight, There is a clear divorce proclaimed between Reuss's statement is correct, and is acknow

And the sun came up in its might;

them. Passages here and there of Mr. Pitch

And the Dewdrop arose from the Lily, ledged to be so.

ford's big book are poetic in subject and poetic And melted to mist in his light.

in execution, but odd passages of picturesque But we must not find fault with so useful

• Cold, cold, was the Lily.' a book. In congratulating the veteran author

Said the Dew with a sigh of desire ;

blank verse will not carry off a laborious philoupon the successful completion of this new ‘At the daylight's close I will sleep with the sophical treatise of nearly 12,000 lines. A

Rose, edition we wish him health and strength, and

work like this does not bear you along with it For the Rose has a heart of fire." "

Full as it is of the clear evidences therewith, amid the duties of his large parish,

Life Thoughts. (Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.) creature could read it through. Such being

of poetic power, we doubt if any human the leisure to complete the other works he

If any reasonable proportion of the poets of the case, Mr. Pitchford should not take it amiss has in hand for which scholars are waiting. our time would take to heart Goethe's well- if we say that it is almost a melancholy specCASPAR RENÉ GREGORY.

known advice, and write only the poems which tacle. It represents, perhaps, the labour of a
he called “Gelegenheitsgedichte," poems aris- lifetime, and with merit in many places, amounts,

ing out of actual events, the labours of the
critic would be sensibly redụced.

we fear, to no more than a gigantic dead letter.

There are

few things in criticism more difficult than to Ione, and other Poems. By W. H. Seal. (Kegan Lay Canticles, and other Poems. By F. Wyville offer any clear idea of the value of verse which Paul, Trench, & Co.) This is an unpretentious Home. (Pickering.). Five years ago Mr. Home published his first volume, Songs of a unless it be to say that such verse usually There are evidences of the infuence of Moore in

comes out of nothing except a passing mood, and, on the whole, an adequate performance. Wayfarer, a title previously employed by a true resolves itself into nothing. It would be un- its best things. The Unknown Soldier's poet, Mr. William Davies. The two books had fair to the writer of a book like Life Thoughts Grave” has pathos, but the subject has been not a great deal more than the name in common. to allege that it is destitute of a certain quality handled by a great poet, Dobell.

A sort of Mr. Davies's

songs had much of the moral sun- of subjective” beauty; but this subjectivity' panoramic series of views entitled "Pilgrims of shine that we associate with the poetry of Herrick; Mr. Home's had much of the moral evidences of descriptive power in " From the most touching of the poems is the simplest;

amounts to very little. The reader perceives Fame” is not without beauty. Perhaps the shadow that we associate with the poetry of Highland," and in "Dawn," "The Two Paths,” that on the two little things who were found Blake. Both poets proved themselves to be

“In Memory,” and in some of the sonnets there hand in hand in death after the memorable skilful workmen. Perhaps there was maturity in Mr. Davies's work, and there was a but, when he has closed the book, he does not

are quiet and not unhealthy moods of feeling; disaster in Sunderland. wider range of thought and feeling;, but Mr: find that anything has remained with him. He

Old Year Leaves. By H. T. Mackenzie Bell. Home was not less devoutly a worshipper nature, and a few

of his sonnets and certain of wants emotions more definite; passions broader, (Elliot Stock.) We have here a volume of verse his Songs in Season were worthy to go forth

chiefly collected from former volumes of the deeper, and more general.

same author. The poems appear to have underunder the title chosen by Mr. Davies for a The Morning Song. By J. W. Pitchford. gone some careful revision, and they are the volume that had long

been valued by dis- (Elliot Stock.). This is undoubtedly one of the better for the pains bestowed upon them. The cerning readers. Mr. Home's new book does most extraordinary poetic products of our time. introductory sonnet, on “Old Year Leaves, " is not seem to us a notable advance on his previous The critic may venture upon such a statement much the best thing in the book :one. It has the same picturesqueness and the same who goes no farther than the book's exterior.

“ The leaves which in the autumn of the years felicity of diction; it is characterised by the It is a philosophical poem sub-titled “A Nine

Fall auburn-tinted from their parent trees, same flavour of fine feeling, but it does not add fold Praise of Love." It has all the external

Swept from dismembered boughs by ruthlesi any quality to these qualities that would serve arrangement of an epic, having an “argument” breeze, to distinguish it. Five years ago, Mr. Home to each of its subdivisions. It is longer than Through winter's weary reign of wants and fears was in the position of a young writer having “Paradise Lost," and half as long again will lie in drifts: and when the snowdrop cheersjust so much merit that none would have been as the “Excursion.” It covers 372 quarto Frail firstling of the flowers—they still an surprised to find that after a few years he had pages of solid type. It is printed and there; discovered a great deal more. We do not say bound most luxuriously. Nor is the sub

There still, although the balmy southern air that Lay Canticles disappoints expectations stance of the book less remarkable than its And budding boughs proclaim that Spring ap raised by its predecessor. It has fully all the form. We will not pretend that we have read

pears. excellences of the former book; but just as the Mr. Pitchford's poem. Life is not long enough So lost hopes severed by the stress of life reader felt respecting the earlier work, so he to admit of so lavish an expenditure of time as

Unburied lie before our wistful eyes, feels respecting the later one-that, with much the perusal of a poem like this requires. We

Though none but we regard their fell decay culture, much sweetness of temper, it lacks have, however, read one of its nine books, and And ever amid the stir of worldly strife, essential substance to make itself felt and can honestly say that we have found enjoyment

Fresh aims and fuller purposes arise remembered. A poet should not be conte it to in much of it. The book we have read is called

Between the faded hopes of yesterday." write harmonious stanzas, or to convey the idea “ The Song of Ear'h's Beauty.” It contains It is a matter for surprise that the writer of hat he is abreast of the many moods of his many passages of striking description. There is sonnet like this, which, whatever its technice time. In days like these, when so much poetry a description of Night which, though reminis imperfections (and they are few), has the meri



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of realising an adequate idea adequately, should Like nearly all rustic poets, Mr. Logan is un- thing to remove the reproach attaching to also have written some of the weak verses that equal; but his best things have genuine merits. American poetry of being largely indifferent to accompany it. "The Keeping of the Vow” is, The poems are all pitched in a low key, and are American subjects. This volume contains at however, a stirring reproduction of the story the better for their modesty of aim. There least one poem that could only have been written of Bruce sending his heart to the Holy Land. is the lilt of the singer in “ A Blithe by an American. “Ralph ” is a story of the Civil The sonnet on visiting Rossetti's grave appeared Scottish Song." The verses

in the War told with a good deal of pathos and general in the American Literary World. It is not Scottish dialect throughout. They are com- beauty. The poem that gives the title to the without e quality of beauty. It speaks of the mendable for the prominence they give to book is

, of course, a sort of allegory, and is not grave as “all monumentless yet.” Mr. Mackenzie the worthier side of rustic life. Dialect poets, so real and forcible as the poems written on more Bell prefaces his volume with a short disserta - Scotch and English, have too often laboured substantial subjects. tion on the kinds and uses of minor poetry. under the idea that the only material proper to The Blind Canary. The little essay is certainly amusing, and is rustic poetry pertains to the ale-guzzling side (New York: Putnam.) Mr. Macdermott appears

By II. F. Macdermott. refreshing as affording proof that there exists at of peasant 'life. There is broad humour in to have attained to some disti". tion as an least one minor poet who has not mistaken his Macallister's Bonnet”:junetion. What Mr. Bell says of the inevitable “ It carries the turnips when feedin' the kye,

American poet, and his distir.ction is not un

deserved. He is a lesser poet who does not oblivion which awaits a large proportion of the And answers his mere as moothpock forby; pretend to be one of the greater poets, although, poetry produced in our day is, we fear, only A cozie bed mak's for the dog or the cat;

indeed, he permits himself to print a laudatoo true. We see that Mr. Bell intends to

In short, it wad do for-I kenna a' what!

tory sonnet in v nich he is spoken of in terms produce a monograph on Charles Whitehead. It serves as a backet to carry the coals ; This is, at least, a more hopeful task than the If windows are broken it fills up the holes,

that might a ,ply with some degree of approproduction of volumes of minor verse. The When shavin' he wipes wi’t his jaws, mooth an' priateness tr , say, Milton. The race of poets in

chin, aathor of Richard Savage was a genius of a

America v ust be more tractable than we find high order, and yet he is almost unknown to He'd use't for his brose but it winna haud in!" them in England if this sort of eulogy is a


commor interchange of daily courtesy. our own generation.

Echoes of the City. By Edwin C. Smales.

Stor a King” in this volume has merit, and, of The Loves of Vandyck. By J. W. Gilbart-|(Manchester: Alley.) Mr. Smales reminds us

a different kind, so also has “The Cobbler." Smith. (Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.) If Mr. that “To the thoughtful man the play of

Poems Antique and Modern. By C. L. Moore. Gilbert-Smith bad told the story of Vandyck's interest, and nowhere has he better scope for (Philadelphia : Potter:). It is quite beyond our løves in prose he would doubtless have pro- such observation than in a crowded city." power to convey an idea of the nature of this duced an interesting narrative. To say that the story is well told in verse would be mean

This is certainly true; and, if Mr. Smales could book if the one word terrific will not express it. ingless flattery of a kind from which Mr. have given his generalisation some concrete Such clashing and splashing, such “storm” and

stress," we do not remember to have met with Smith bas, apparently, already suffered enough. shapes, the result would have been a volume of There is always ease and freedom in this poetry:. There is material for the poet in the in any other volume of modern poetry. It writer's rhyme, and occasionally there is a great life of the city; but it does not lie among reminds us in its fierceness of Stoddart's “Deathcertain Byronic force. Mr. Smith is at his facetious oystermen, showmen, and the like. wake; or, Lunacy: a Nicromaunt in Three best in the description of external nature ; Mr. Smales' book is best in what he calls its Chimaeras.". We find it quite impossible to when he imitates the jauntiness of “

“ Don graver” passages; its “lighter portions” are give a description of Mr. Moore's book that will Juan" he produces verses like these :often sorry stuff indeed.

properly clear up its character; but, lest we “Poor widowed bride! full well I trow, Songs of Fair Weather. By Maurice Thompson, our readers do not suffer from, we quote the

should be labouring under an obtuseness that She truthfully could tell,

(Boston, U.S.: Osgood; London: Trübner.) following passage on Edgar Allan Poe as a fair If heaven made her marriage-vow,

This volume bears a strong external resemThe keeping it was hell! blance to Mr. Bell Scott's charming Harvest

sample of the workThe bridal blossoms on her brow, Home, and the internal resemblance is not in

“ For he was not of mortal progeny ; If weeds, were scarce more fell ;considerable. There is the same glad note of a

Born in the under-world of utter woe, Sooth! never half the widows now

Sad, sombre poet of Persephone, happy spirit amid happy circumstances, the Are widowed half so well!”

His home he did forego, same sweetness of poetic temper, the same

And came among our unacquainted meads, The Last David. (Elliot Stock.) The best that suggestion as of the poems having been written

Pale, mid all statues of a mortal birth, we can find in this volume is its picturesque- in the open air on the warm days of a genial

Pure, mid all images that knew not death.

Mr. Scott has more Sess The anonymous author is a lover and spring and summer.

What cared he for day's gaudy, glowing deeds, uitator of Shelley, and has at least caught depth than Mr. Thompson. It is for want of The fierce-blowing flowers of the earth, wize of the master's passion for cloud and sea.

a fundamental groundwork that some of the Or the wind's lusty breath ? the “Songs of the Wayside” contain many poems in this volume are not so good as at first Still did he long for the black shades and deep,

Still for the thickets inextricable, chise bits; but the sonnets are perhaps the sight they seem to be. The poet who chooses

Still for the empty shadows of the gods, best things as units, the sonnet on Stoke Pogis to treat simple themes simply must, nowadays, bring tenderly felt and rendered.

Still for the hueless faces of the dead; if he is writing for grown people, have some of

Still did he wander backward in his sleep, The Story of St. Stephen, and other Poems. Ballads, or his work will not be so much disthe purposes of the author of the Lyrical

Down the long slopes and intricate of hell," &c. By John Collet. (Longmans.) The poems in tinguished for simplicity as for simpleness. A

We have also received Lyre and Star (Kegan This volume are chiefly of a devotional nature.

poem such as

“The Flight Shot” in this Paul, Trench, & Co.); Life through the Lotos, Ta sre manly and unaffected, and are often volume scarcely escapes the latter denomination. by R. J. Harris (Cornish); Phantoms of Life, penetrated by real feeling. That they have any In Between the Poppy and the Rose" the by L. D. Waterman (New York: Putnam) distinguishing literary merit is more than we aim is different, and probably an underlying Poems of Barnaval (New York: Appleton) ; assy. They are meant to cheer and succour significance sometimes mars à poem that is The Ever-Living Life, by G. T. May (New has are in the shadowed valley, and this, intended to derive its beauty merely from its York : G. T. May); &c. within certain limits, they are well calculated to

simplicity. dia. The author is obviously a man of much umetness of personal character, with a wide Rhymes of a Barrister. By Melville M. Bige

NOTES AND NEI S. range of sympathy.

low. (Boston, U.S. : Little, Brown, & Co.) This

is quite the most English volume of verse that It is with peculiar pleasure that we announce La Cuthullin. By Greville J. Chester. (Marcus has recently come to us from America. The the grant of a pension on the Civil List to Mr. Wel) Mr. Chester writes with feeling and sonnets it contains are obviously modelled on F. J. Furnivall, on the eve of the publication kestingaishing qualities of style. The subjects freedom from excess, either of thought or Society. rosasionally with taste, but his poems have no the best examples

, and have a commendable of the great Dictionary of the Philological

Others have borne witness to Mr. a* for the most part homely ones, derived from phrase. We could wish to have more like the Furnivall’s disinterested labours as the organiser life

one entitled “Jackson's Falls." The book, as and mainstay of some half-dozen learned Flencers : a Pantasy. By Cornelia Wallace. a whole, is enjoyable from its moderation, and societies. The ACADEMY owes him a special senenschein.) This pretty trifle seems to from the atmosphere of unobtrusive culture debt for the contributions which he has written Le grown out of Moore's note to “Lalla that pervades it.

for almost every number from soon after its Lockh," saying that in the Malay tongue there

foundation down to the present week.

The City of Success, and other Poems. Ву bat one word for woman and flower. The Henry Abbey. (New York: Appleton.) It is a

THE project, which has so 'often been talked anniggested by this fact is sweetly worked matter for surprise that so much excellent about, of founding an association of men of in verses not otherwise remarkable.

material for poetry as the late Civil War in letters for the protection of their common Lago d'Hame an' Country. By Alexander America must-afford has hitherto been so little interests has at last taken definite shape under Los(Edinburgh: Oliphant.) There is a good utilised' by American poets. We understand the name of "The Company of Authors." In zal of freshness in these songs and ballads. I that in a previous volume Mr. Abbey

did some- the front of its programme it puts the obtaining

copyright in the United States, which we agree will be in seven chapters, beginning with the lectures, with March’s Anglo-Saxon Reader as in thinking by far the most important object the earliest or Drift man, and continuing the his text - book; (2) of twelve lectures on that English authors should desire. Second is varied phases of prehistoric human life through

“Chaucer's Prologue.” placed the promotion of a Bill for the registra- the Cave man, the Neolithic farmer, the early

THE Early-English Text Society enters this tion of titles. The purpose that comes third is

man of Africa (in Egyptian civilisation), the year on its twenty-first year of existence, having undoubtedly the one which gives the real Aryan migration, the

European Crannog builders

, been founded by Mr. Furnivall in March 1861 reason for existence of the association. This is and the “last sacrifice, or disappearance of We hope to greet it in full vigour when it closes “the maintenance of friendly relations between prehistoric humanity.

its second score of years. Its publications for author and publisher,” which is further ex- THE volume of Greek Folk Songs, translated this year will probably be-in the Original plained to mean the removal of various kinds by Miss Lucy M. J. Garnett, with an Intro- Series, Dr. Einenkel's edition of the Life of of ignorance by which inexperienced authors duction by Mr. J. S. Stuart-Glennie, which St. Katherine (circ. 1230), and the completing are blinded. At present it would be premature has already been announced in the ACADEMY, part of Prof. Skeat's fine edition of Piers Plowto mention any names in connexion with “ The will include patriotic, love, wedding, pastoral

, man; and, in the Extra Series, part iii

. of Company of Authors ;” but the public may be humorous,

and ghost lore songs, The Intro- Lord Berners' englished Huon of Bourdeaux, assured that it has already received the active duction will describe the geographical features, edited by Mr. Sidney L. Lee, and the second support of many whose reputation proves that

history, and present condition of the people. part of Bishop Fisher's Works, edited by Mr. their advocacy is altogether disinterested. The publisher is Mr. Elliot Stock.

Ronald Bayne. Last year's work was a little It may be interesting to record that Mr.

PROF. MAX MÜLLER's Deutsche Liebe : Frag- behindhand. But the Original Series texts, Mr. Henry George's Progress and Poverty is now in ments from the Papers of an Alien, will be Henry Sweet's Anglo-Saxon Orosius, parti., with its sixth edition, not including the fifty thou- issued by Messrs. Sonnenschein & Co. on

its Latin original on opposite pages, and his sand copies that have been sold of the shilling Monday. It is an elegantly printed, vellum- edition of the facsimile of the Epinal MS, of the issue. bound book, and is sold at the moderate price eighth century have been in members' hands

for three weeks; the first book of the Extra WE hear that a sort of answer to Max O’Rell's of os.

Series for 1883—Lord Berners' Huon, part ii., John Bull and his Island may shortly be ex- A NEW work by Miss Iza Duffus Hardy, with the first engraved portrait of the englisher

, pected from the pen of Mr. J. Brinsley- entitled Between Two Oceans ; or, Sketches of after Holbein has been delivered this week, Richards, author of Seven Years at Eton. Mr. American Life, will shortly be published by but the second book, Mr. Furnivall's edition of Richards, who resided for several years in Messrs. Hurst & Blackett.

Hoccleve's Minor Poems, will not be ready till France, will here give his impressions of the French people.

MESSRS. THACKER SPINK, of Calcutta, have April. Of its“ reprints ” of its early publica

nearly ready a collection of Poems by Mr. W. tions, the society issued in 1883 the first two MRS. PFEIFFER'ş new poem, entitled The Tregó Webb, author of Martial for English parts of Sir David Lyndesay's Works, edited Rhyme of the Lady of the Rock and How it Readers, which will treat in the form of sonnets by Mr. J. Small, the Edinburgh University Grew, deals, in ballad form, with the tragic and lyrical pieces various phases of Anglo- librarian; and for 1884 it has in hand a rerelations of Catanach Maclean of Douart and his Indian life.

edition of Mr. Cockayne's Hali Meidenhad (circ, wife, a daughter of the Argylls; the verse has a MESSRS. Wilson & M'CORMICK, of Glasgow, Mr. Cockayne's Saint Marharete

, three Lives of

1230), by Mr. P. Z. Řound, and a re-edition of setting of prose narrative. "It will be published will shortly publish How Glasgow Ceased to soon after Easter by Messrs. Kegan Paul, Trench, Flourish : à Tale of 1890. They also have in that saint, by Dr. Kluge, of Strassburg, who is & Co. the press Geology and the Deluge, by the Duke of nominated for the English Professorship at

MESSRS. SONNENSCHEIN & Co. will publish Argyll; and a Turkish romance, translated into
Mr. Charles Marvin's new work, entitled Recon- English by Mr. E. J. W. Gibb, entitled The

THE next two numbers of Anglia will appear noitring Central Asia : Adventures and Travels Story of Jewūd, which will be published by together. One, edited by Prof. Wülcker, will in the Region between Russia and India. It subscription in a limited edition.

contain three English articles, two of them by gives, in a popular form, the exploits of the principal explorers, secret agents, and news

CARD. MANNING contributes to the forth- Dr. MacLean and Prof. Wells; the other, editeil

by Prof. Trautmann, will contain reviews and paper correspondents who have sought to coming number of Merry England an essay on

a bibliography for 1883, and an essay by examine the rival positions of the Russians

Consistency,” illustrated with allusions to the

Prof. Wülcker on “ Bulwer's Weeds and Wild. and English in Central Asia from the time careers of contemporary statesmen and others.

flowers." Vambery set out in disguise twenty years ago

THE Yorkshire Illustrated Monthly for Febdown to Nazirbegoff's recent secret survey of ruary will contain an illustrated article by Mr.

LIRRARY JOTTINGS. Merv on behalf of Russia. Particular interest Theodore Wood on Insects; the first of a attaches to the sketches of the Russian explorers series of papers, with original engravings, Ar a special meeting of the Council of the from the fact that Mr. Marvin is personally entitled “Round Yorkshire with a Donkey- Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society on the acquainted with many of them, and has in cart;" and a portrait of Mr. T. Wemyss Reid. January 17, the following resolution was passed corporated a good deal of new information on MR. LESLIE STEPHEN, the recently appointed

unanimously :the Central Asian uestion, gathered while Clark Lecturer at Cambridge, will lecture this

“ The Council of the Royal Medical and Chirur attending the Czar’s coronation and during his term, three days a week, on English Litera- gical Society of London desire to express thei journey last autumn to the Caspian region. ture,” beginning on Monday next, January 28. their late excellent resident librarian, Mr. Ben The book will be copiously illustrated.

PROF. SEELEY purposes to lecture this term jamin Robert Wheatley, and their sympathy wit] Messrs. TRÜBNER announce an important at Cambridge on * International History from surviving members of his family, work, in two volumes, on Spanish and Portuguese the Sixteenth Century,” and also to have a

“ The Council also wish to record their deel South America during the Colonial Period, by conversational class at his own house.

sense of the value of his services to the societ Capt. Robert Grant Watson. It will cover the

during the last forty years, and their due appre three centuries from the discovery of the con

At the general meeting of the Education ciation of his constancy and fidelity in the dis tinent down to the British evacuation of the Society held

at the Memorial Hall, Farringdon charge of his important duties. territories of the River Plate in 1807. It is Street, on January 21 the Rev. Dr. H. M. We understand that it is contemplated to estabi intended to continue the work with a History Butler was elected president in succession to lish a memorial of the society's sense of the un of the several States of South America since

surpassed devotion which Mr. Wheatley applic their separation from Spain and Portugal down

the conduct of its affairs. to the present day.


THE sale is announced of two importar MR. R. L. STEVENSON's new book, The The fourth edition of Mr. Sweet's Anglo

libraries in the provinces. On Tuesday, Feb Silverado Squatters, will

be a narrative of his Saxon header ist nearly ready. Many of the quary 3, Messrs. Chapman will sell at Edin own experiences in California. THE new work by Prof. Thorold Rogers, charters, some extracts from the laws, and some books, seventeenth-century tracts, &c.

texts have been revised with the MSS., and two Wales, including several rure sixteenth-centur entitled Six Centuries of Work and Wages : the charms have been added so as to make the other sale is that of the library of the lat Undercurrent of English History, will very book thoroughly representative of every branch Alderman Booth, of Manchester, which numbei shortly be published by Messrs. W. Swan Son- of Old-English literature. The words in the about ten thousand volumes, collected princ nenschein & Co., in two octavo volumes. The Glossary have also been thrown into a strictly pally by Dr. Benjamin Booth, of Swinton... last sheets are now passing through the press. alphabetical order so as to facilitate reference.

is especially rich in historical books and pan MESSRS. CHATTO & WINDUS have in hand a

In the fifth edition it is hoped that the Gramnew work by Mr. J. H. Stoddart, the author of matical Introduction and notes will be put into phlets of the seventeenth and eighteenth cer

turies, topographical works, and scarce moder The Village Life and editor of the Glasgow a permanent form.

books. It will be sold at Manchester on Moi Herald, which will shortly appear under the title PROF. SKEAT purposes to give two courses of day, February 18, and the five following day of The Seven Sagas of Prehistoric Man. The poem lectures this term at Cambridge-(1) of ten by Messrs. Capes, Dunn, & Pilcher,

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