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familiarised the world with the glories she customs, popular poetry, popular beliefs, have had been wise; and, if his reign had been as possesses and possessed. So that if Mr. each a share of his attention; and we see long as his father's, the probability is that Brown had chosen to follow in the wake of that he writes with his eye upon the objects, the empire, which had been so firmly conGautier and Ruskin, and speak again of looking closely, lovingly. Nor when painting solidated and wisely administered during the palaces and pictures, of art and architecture, a scene for us, as in the sketches of “San preceding decades, would have been dismemhis book, instead of being delightful, might Martino di Castrozza," “ In Istria," "A bered and brought to ruin. As it was, the even have been irritating. But he has Regatta," "Castelfranco," does he want for secret societies which had lain dormant from chosen to take a newer way. As he himself his task sincerity of expression or beauty of want of wrongs to feed upon sprang into tells us, he seeks to show Venice “ from the form. Indeed, the technical qualities of his activity, outbreaks occurred in various parts point of view of the boat.” To quote his own book are of a very high order. The volume of the empire, and the Emperor himself wa3 explanation :

is a real and solid contribution to Venice twice attacked by assassins. It was during ". This is not one of the great aspects of the literature. It is full of poetry and full of this reign that Lord Amhurst presented himcity. It leaves aside much that is attractive heart We feel that it is written by one self at Peking; and his curt dismissal from and grandiose in Venetian history; the splen- who has a passion for his subject, by one the capital, without having been admitted to dour and pageantry of her ancient life; the who knows how love-impelling Venice is, who an audience, was a gauge of the contempt richness and abundance of her art; the problem knows how genial, frank, and winning are her with which Keak’ing and his Ministers reof her extraordinarily permanent constitution ; | people, and who desires others to accept his garded foreigners. Indeed, if it had not been the triumphs of her commerce and her arms; belief. Love for Venice—that is the key- the the mandarins at Canton found that the the great debt which Europe owes to her as a valiant bulwark against the Turk ; almost all, note of his volume. That is what joins him foreign trade added considerably to their in fact, that appeals to the imagination or the in sympathy to Howel—kind, quaint, im- profits, the probability is that at this time knowledge of those who come to Venice. But pressionable Howel, whose words of praise, a determined effort would have been made to the aspect has some compensations. The part written centuries since, with the Venice drive out the English and other foreign reziof Venice which it includes is still actual and passion yet hot upon him, find their echo dents, who, on their part also, endured the alive; visibly there for all eyes to see.

to-day in this latest, and withal triumphant, insolence of office which was lavished upon The author's intention has thus been to tell effort of an English writer to give honour to them for the sake of the wealth which the us about the waters of Venice and of those the loveliest, most enthralling city in the China markets supplied. who live on them ; and he is qualified to world.

PERCY E. PINKERTON. In 1820 Keak’ing was succeeded on the speak. His book is not built up of hasty

throne by his son Taoukwang, whose reign impressions and random notes, but it comes

is chiefly memorable as being the one during as the fruit of five years' life with Venice History of China. By Demetrius Charles which China first engaged in a European and Venetians, and shows in all its sections a Boulger. Vol. III. (W. H. Allen.)

Mr. Boulger carefully traces the more than usual amount of research. The

various causes which led up to the outbreak chapters are each little essays on Venetian Tuis volume appears at a most opportune of hostilities ; and, though in him the Chinese subjects—short, bright, picturesque, and moment. The course of recent events in find a lenient critic, he admits to the full the filled with information. No one, we suppose, Tongking, the disgrace of Prince Kung, and justice of our case. The Pottinger treaty in before Mr. Brown, has ever written for the opening of Corea to foreign trade have 1842, however, by no means put an end to Englishmen the natural history of the gondola lately attracted more than usual interest to the usurpations of the Chinese, who still in such a detailed, and yet attractive, way. the affairs of China and her dependencies. persistently refused to admit foreigners within Truly, as he says, " it is the boat for leisure, At the same time, we are beginning to under the walls of Canton. The last few years of and not for business. Life was not meant to stand the Chinese better than we did, to know Taoukwang's reign were agitated by negotiabe bustled through and done with by the men something of their modes of thought, and to tions on this subject ; and his successor

, who developed the gondola ; and it would be recognise that, far from being the polished Heenfung (1850-61), inherited this and other difficult to discover any greater provocative barbarians they have been always believed to dynastic troubles, which were destined eventto utter idling than this boat of Venice.” be, they share with us the same motives, uilly to lead up to a second European war But its day, perhaps, is waning now, in this instincts, and aspirations.

and to the outbreak of the Taiping rebellion. age of progress; and, when Venico is wholly It is to be feared, however, that, if they are This monarch, who began his reign by refusing given over to the Philistines, for the gondola judged by the contents of Mr. Boulger's to admit foreigners within the walls of a city we may expect a fleet of shrieking penny- volume, the opinion formed of their political at the extremity of his empire, ended it as a steamers, and for majestic palaces a grime- wisdom, honesty, and courage must be a very fugitive exile, driven from his capital by a covered forest of factory chimneys.

low one. No one can doubt that in her European army; while to the despised barAnother most interesting account is that of foreign relations China has stooped to a depth barians who had invaded his capital was due the traghetti, those ancient ferries which are of Oriental duplicity and cunning which the preservation of the empire to his successor fixed at several points along the Grand Canal. deserves the contempt of all nations whose and the suppression of a revolt which at one The author touches here a wholly unfamiliar conduct is guided by principles of honour and time threatened to legitimatise itself hy success, subject, and sets us in possession of much common-sense. Whatever may have been her The story which Mr. Boulger has to tell of valuable knowledge. “A traghetto of to-day," motive in desiring to keep all foreigners at the relations of China with foreign Powers is

arm's length, the folly and dishonesty of the a very unsatisfactory one. It is not that “ closely resembles a traghetto of 1300, though methods she adopted to that end are con- China has been persistently hostile, but her the years have overlaid its lines with dust; it is spicuous. Clothed in pride as in a garment, good-will has been broken up into such short still a corporation with property and endow- her statesmen have guided the foreign policy lengths, and the intervals of "treasons, ments of its own; the same officers, under the of the empire as though they believed that stratagems, and spoils” have been so frequent

, same titles, still keep order among the brothers; assurance and threats were effective that an air of sensitive uncertainty has been only the whole institution has a somewhat weapons to fight with as soldiers and Arm- cast over all our dealings with her. A ancient air, is marred by symptoms of decay, strong guns. Events in Tongking have shown brighter era appears now to be dawning on and we fear it may not last much longer.” that even still they are of the same mind, her foreign politics ; and there is reason to The traghetti are, in fact, a genuine part of and that they are forgetful of the proverb hope, with the author, that, when the present the Venetian Republic imbedded in united that "the empty vessel makes the greatest boy-Emperor Italy; a fossil survival unique in the history sound.” of the country, and perhaps in that of the The present volume begins at the point assumes the reins of government ... in the world.

when, from whatever cause it may have been, antumn of 1887-8... he will acquire the posBut while Mr. Brown writes with such the tide of public opinion was first turned session of a throne which is the most ancient in sureness and skill when handling subjects like against foreigners. The Emperor K'eenlung, the hearts and affections of a people who are the gondola or the ferries, he shows his ability after a prosperous reign of sixty years, had the most self-contained, the most retentive of in an equal measure when he tells of gon- been gathered to his fathers, and his son their own possessions, and the most intensels doliers and their life and interests, and of the Keak’ing reigned in his stead. The new national and patriotic of whom history precurious habits of the Venetian popolo. Popular monarch was as weak a man as his father serveth the record.”

it seems,

as

see

The task of writing the present History fruit as a simile for results such as the we think he was burnt a little for all three has evidently been to Mr. Boulger a labour of following :

and a great deal for none of them, but mainly love. He has devoted untiring energy to it, "Three persons A, B, C, are set to sort a heap because he made himself obnoxious to those and has fairly earned the success which will of books in a library. A is told to collect all who had the power and will to burn. The surely attend his work. As a History, in an the English political works, and the bound fact is that martyrdom is a most mischievous Oriental sense, it is truthful and accurate, foreign no els; B is to take the bound political delusion. The accident that A. is murdered and as a literary production it is worthy of works, and the English novels, provided they in a shocking and picturesque way while B. much praise. ROBERT K. DOUGLAS.

are not political; to C are assigned the bound dies in his bed is supposed to confer some
English works and the unbound political novels.
What works will be claimed by two of them: mysterious authority upon A.'s teaching, and

and : ; We find that English bound political give him the right to “ light candles Studies and Exercises in Formal Logic. By works and foreign bound political novels are force his purblind guesses down the throat of John Neville Keynes. (Macmillan.) claimed both by A and B.”

all posterity—an error as universal as misMR. KEYNES' contributions to logic are of

In solving such problems Mr. Keynes does chievous. Real suffering for conscience sake three species : studies, exercises, and an not proceed so methodically as Boole and the is about as grand a thing as we are capable

To incur insult and original method. Thé studies may be de- followers of Boole ; he relies more upon in- of ; nor is it very rare. scribed as short pithy disquisitions upon genuity and happy conjecture. It is thus misrepresentation, to lose a guinea of one's controverted points. Úr. Keynes does not that, in elementary books on algebra, there salary, to break an old friendship, to be here strike out an entirely new path. He are often examples of equations of a high despised where one would shine—this is margoes over the beaten road, and wherever it degree solved by special dodges, not by the tyrdom worth reading about; but the final requires improvement he lays down a little general theory. "This very absence of method scene is only a public execution, interesting additional material. He does not turn aside may conduce to mental training. In a country to connoisseurs of hangings alone—a scene

where there is no noble sacrifice whatever, for to plunge into the adjacent metaphysical used for hunting and racing the absence of a

road swamps, like a contemporary writer on

may be an advantage. On the other hand, the victim has no respite save in recantation Principles of Logic, who, à propos of singular a road may lead somewhere ; Mr. Keynes' pro- worse than death. But if the death of Bruno judgments, informs us that we never

cedure does not hold out any such prospect. has given him undue prominence, his life is reality " but through a hole"! More

It is probable that without Boole he would sufficiently striking, both as an individual and intelligibly, Mr. Keynes defends Mill's not have thought even of his questions, to say as a type, to reward the careful study which doctrine that "

There is in his Berti has exhibited both in his Vita di Bruno proper names have, strictly nothing of his answers. speaking, no signification.” He denies that system no affinity to probabilities, no deep and in his Documenti, into which labours Mr. the features

, form, and character of the connexion between mathematical and ordinary Plumptre has now entered. On the whole, individual are connoted by the name.

forms of thought. In short, Mr. Keynes' we cannot but regret the tincture of romance

system is a gymnastic apparatus; Boole's which he has infused into this attempt at a “ The connotation of a name is not the quality may be a scientific instrument. The one is very historical novel. Mr. Plumptre would or qualities by which I or anyone else may like an academic outrigger adapted to the have done much better to simply recast and happen to recognise the class which it denotes: sports of youth; the other a ship equipped abridge Berti's work as a solid biography. by his bands, or a barrister by his wig."

for the discovery of some imagined North-west Romola is the standing and sufficient romance

passage between widely separated regions of this class, and hardly admits of rivals. Many other vexed questions he rehandles, Pursuits so incompatible are not combined by But we must not find fault. It is because comparing, correcting, supplementing his Mr. Keynes. He follows up the achievements the book is such a careful biography that we predecessors. He does not imitate the of Aristotle; he relinquishes the aspirations regret the very plausible but still unhistorical fashionable practice of writing treatises on of Boole.

F. Y. EDGEWORTH.

embroidery. Until the public learns to weave speculative topics without reference, or with

romance for themselves as they go along out only a general reference, to other workers in

of history and lives they will thirst for histhe same line. A clear recognition of the

torical novels, and this one ought well to work of others enhances the terse enunciation Giordano Bruno. By C. E. Plumptre. In 2 serve their turn. It not only presents many of his own. He is neither alieni cupidus nor

vols. (Chapman & Hall.)

good and correct portraits—notably that of sui prodigus.

Point Blank. By the Author of “ Jack Urqu- Castelnau-but gives, so far as we can judge, The academic character of the studies is sus- hart's Daughter." In 3 vols. (Bentley.)

a clear and attractive view of life and thought tained by the exercises. This element of the In Sunny Switzerland. By Rowland Grey. cannot pause to dissent, as we might, from

at a period generally misunderstood. We work is not kept separate from the others. Problems and bookwork are judiciously inter

(Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.)

Mr. Plumptre on several points, but can only mixed; taken together, they are calculated Lettice. By M. L. Molesworth. (S.P.C.K.) recommend the book to all readers of solid to give help to the large and increasing class Glenairlie. By Robina F. Hardy. (Edinburgh : fiction. of persons engaged in preparing themselves Oliphant.) or others for examination. Those who hold The New Dance of Death. By A. E. Hake and plot is thin and drawn out by unnecessary

As a novel, Point Blank is very poor.

The with Jevons that Formal Logic is a subject

J. G. Lefebre. In 3 vols. (Remington.) peculiarly adapted to the purpose of the

delays and misunderstandings. Except the examiner, affording "a definite measurable We lax and degenerate children of pious heroine, none of the characters are attractive, amount of exercise,” will estimate very highly ancestors-we who, to our spiritual peril, suffer and the comic element is carried to burlesque. the logical praxis supplied by Mr. Keynes; wizards to live and anti-vaccinators and anti- The printer is probably responsible for such they will rank it with Jevons' Studies in De- everythings to work their wanton wills—are errors as “Marie Liezurska" (for Leczinsky), ductire Logic.

surprised and indignant overmuch at a monk but not for the often reiterated assertion that In the third part of his work, Mr. Keynes being burned for the venial eccentricity of Baveno lies among the Apennines, nor for all appears as an original discoverer. He shows preaching the Copernican theory and be the errata in the profuse French. One that the ordinary logic may be extended to lieving in the plurality of worlds." Giordano passage, “ Ce qu'il y a de père dans l'erreur,"' problems which have been hitherto attacked Bruno has been lately enrolled among the required considerable conjecture to hit upon only by means of symbols. This he effects noble army of theological, political, and the right reading. Adelaide Wynter is, howby widening the signification of Conversion scientific martyrs, and is now receiving such ever, å very pleasant woman to read about. and other familiar terms. He grafts a scion modified latria as the modern devotee is wont She is the “ one who does not count” in a of Boolian extraction on the Aristotelian to bestow. Mr. Plumptre's censer exhales a horribly shabby-genteel family, gibbeted with stock. The old trunk, under the treatment good, wholesome, historical savour, but it laps more than the exaggeration of Dickens, but of this skilful cultivator, puts forth a new

us in no devotional ecstasy. Sig. Mariano with most of his force and liveliness. Lily luxuriant growth

thinks Bruno was burnt for his heretical, Sig. the consumptive beauty, Missy the “dis

Berti for his scientific, Mr. Plumptre for his tinguished mimic," and the shameless man“ Miraturque novas frondes et non sua poma." political, opinions. So the martyr is pretty hunting mother, their frivolity, gentility, Leaves, perhaps, are more appropriate than much common property. For our own part, (vulgarity, and sordid poverty, form a ghastly

NEW NOVELS.

picture. The discordant presence of this dove of Betty Downie amply repay the labour of it-e.g., in the definition of a Sacrament as it in the vultures' nest is adroitly accounted for translation, if Elspeth M‘Ara recalls too appears in the Catechism: "an outward and by her education by an aunt who had dis- forcibly that terrible Meg Merrilies. In fact, visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace, graced the family by keeping a school. we suspect that Miss Hardy's pictures of given unto us, ordained by Christ,” &c. The Whenever Addic refuses to join in the Scotch life give us what Scott was too well as in the printed text of the Sealed Books, husband-stalking expeditions, or blushes for romantic to describe accurately... At all It is true that the punctuation of the seren the degradation of her sisters, Mrs. Wynter events, they read like very real life. The teenth century was often capricious; but, neverpathetically owns that "it serves her right- second part is occupied with a Border town, theless, as the punctuation now stands, the Latin it is a just punishment upon her for delegating and here the English people are less satis- of Durel represents the meaning, while that of a mother's trust, and handing over her child to factory; but a book which contains such Parsell and that of Bright and Medd do not. be brought up by strangers.' Could Dickens characters as Miss Leslie, Betty, and the The ordinary text of Prayer-Books now in use have made her say more? For, in fact, this impracticable “oldest inhabitant -a persona

seems to omit it. We have just looked at ten book abounds in clever things, though it fails muta only-can need no recommendation. recent editions (including the S. P. C. K.'s

Prayer-Book with Commentary and Bishop as a whole. Much that stands for padding is But surely the Minister never identified his Barry's Teacher's Prayer-Book), and all are really good reading, and is strewn with pearls variety of Anthericum as the serotinem or alike inaccurate. Dr. Blunt has not noted of reflection and original humour. In many the palustris.

whether he examined the punctuation of the of the characters there are touches quite admirable. Marguerite—a superior Blanche —the New Dance of Death. The name is a sponds with the Sealed Books in not having

We close with a dismal, direful phenomenon first words of the Litany. We suspect he did

not, and think it likely that the MS. correAmory—comes very near a distinct creation. meaningless puff. The book is a dance—no, the comma in the clause now ordinarily She is the clever, shallow, cold, French girl, a regular cancan of nonsense and coarseness. printed “O God the Father, of heaven." deliberately laying herself out for the reputa- Some scenes we should have been surprised The work before us, taken all in all, may, we tion of an original—with an unapproachable to find in an English book were it not plain think, be considered the most valuable comstyle of her own in dress and everything, that the authors have erred only from extreme mentary on the Prayer-Book that we possess which no one need try to imitate, as it would ignorance of the convenances. Of these let us but still there are some minor inaccuracies to be the character is not well developed by the jungle, pathless and entangled, fitly infested the Sarum rite, the first, not of seven, but of never suit anyone but herself. Unfortunately, say no more. As to plot, it is a mere swampy regretted. A rapid examination of the volume course of the plot. The author is original, by the characters , who are nearly all wild eight, or (including St. Thomas) of nine

, “0” too, but to better purpose, as, in describing beasts in not very human forms. At times antiphons (p. 176). Alexander Aless was s Marguerite's dress, for instance—“ but it was the story digresses into long rigmaroles about Canon of St. Andrews, not "of St. Andrew's a very pale blue, and did not vulgarise her- a Church and State guild, the mysteries of Edinburgh ” (p. 104). The addition " or Rethe effect which blue generally produces roulette, racing, gambling, Ritualistic parish mission of Sins" in the title of the Absolution when worn by fair people.” The book is work, theatrical gossip, and fast life in is referred at p. 183 to 1662, but more correctly disfigured by much flirtation or adultcry, the London. One of the authors has evidently

at p. 23 to 1604. Prof. Salinon, of Dublin, more nauseous because its precise nature is, contributed these racy topics, which have been is incorrectly credited with the authorship of as usual, left in genteel uncertainty. pitchforked into the book at hazard. Such 710). In the account of the Scottish Liturgy of

In Sunny Switzerland is a refined and un- scenes as the curate decoyed into the Hay- 1764, the words at the delivery of the Elements exceptionable, but dull and lachrymose, story. market supper-rooms by the ballet-girls, or are incorrectly given. The Humble Access Collect It tells how a London physician took his the death of the Ecrl in the house of ill-fame, is not “ as in the English Office” (p. 367). The family for a holiday in the Vaud, and how a and others even worse might have been spared marginal titles “ The Invocation and 6 Oblagood and beautiful young woman fell in love us. Of the astounding rubbish—such as the tion” (p. 367) are correctly given, but “ The with a bad and beautiful young man. But, verbal horseplay about the fast man's comedy Oblation of Ourselves,” “The Commemoration alas ! this young man had been keeping com- -We could make plenty of fun, but we have of the Living,” “The Commemoration of the pany with another young woman, and the already said too much of this curiosity of Dead,” have no existence in the Liturgy this

professes to represent. And so by a literature. But we must add that it-like poetical justice the vast wealth which he was nearly all the others we have noticed this Farral (Cambridge: University Press.) Arch

Gospel according to St. Luke. By Archdeacon to have got is left to this very young woman week-contains sereral touches of power, deacon Farrar's edition of the Gospel of St. Luke -the first, of course—and when she has some scenes well drawn from life, and a few in Greek naturally contains much the same nuatter broken her heart she dies, and leaves it back really dramatic situations. E. PURCELL.

as Canon Farrar's edition of the same gospel in to him by a poetical injustice, and now he has

English ; and, as we know no better edition than gambled it away, and is still a bachelor, and

the one, our judgment holds of the other. probably a billiard-marker. This depressing

CURRENT THEOLOGY.

Nowhere do Dr. Farrar's wide reading and atmosphere is not enlivened, to our thinking, The Annotated Book of Common Prayer : being mentary. Beside notes on the Greek text, we

retentive memory tell better than in a comby the prolix amours and flirtations of boys

an Historical, Ritual, and Theological Com- notice many additions. In one place a new and girls of tender years. Repulsive as this mentary on the Devotional System of the reference, in another a quotation, in a third a is, it is only an error of judgment, for though Church of England. Edited by J. H. Blunt. fresh parallel, are added, as in the note.com Rowland Grey is no gentleman, she is evidently Revised and Enlarged Edition. (Rivingtons.) “ Zealot” (p. 184), where the words "the a lady.

This new edition is altered in so many respects Carbonari of Palestine” Mrs. Molesworth is a great deal more. She The editor, whose death we recorded with sin- unfortunate planet, the Archdeacon has left

from the first that it deserves a separate notice. passage on the same page, written under some possesses the true Austen-Edgeworth-Ferrier insight into middle-class female character, and improve the book. Many valuable additions are cere regret a few weeks ago, has done much to unaltered, though he must have re-read it, for

a sentence has been added at the end. He is wisely contents herself with doing one thing made, and many inaccuracies corrected. One demonstrating “the deeply interesting fact

, if at a time, and doing it well. Here her object feature of special interest in the new edition is it be a fact, that so many of the apostles were is to draw that terrible role of the infallible the exhibition of the result of a partial collation related to each other.' eldest sister of an orphan family which well- of the printed texts of the Sealed Books with Farrar, have suggested that Judas was the som meaning girls often assume to the misery of the Ms. subscribed by the Convocations of of Simon Zelotes, because their names are run all around them. The character is very ment to the Act of Uniformity. We say a partial answer to this that Judas naturally was put common, but we doubt if we have ever seen collation, because, for reasons which do not ap- last, and somebody must come last but one it treated before. The book is not very lively pear, the Parliament Office Committee refused But Dr. Farrar has another argument -". I or ambitious, but it is excellent as a practical Dr. Blunt permission to correct the text from the reading "Iscariot” is right in John vi: 71, and useful study of character. the MS. throughout. However, in the more

xiii. 26 ($ B.C.G.L.), as applied also to Simon Glenairlie is also somewhat weak and important passages, through the kindness of Zelotes, then, since Judas is called Son of juvenile in plot, but it has great merits. Lord Cairns, Dr. Blunt was allowed to make Simon (John vi. 71), the last pair of apostles True, it is terribly Scotch. We cannot text is faithfully reproduced in the work before and hunting with the hounds is child's play

to read the Wizard of the North. But we can read Miss Hardy. The Hyperborean locutions cases where the sense may seem to be affected by words we have italicised are a conjecture of

are let in. One

Others, before Dr.

Running with the hare

us.

sermons,

Dr. Farrar's resting on the words of the A.V. learner who sits down to begin the study will dresses. By the late Thomas Jones, of Swansea. (John vi. 71): “He spake of Judas Iscariot the be more confused by the wordy and involved Edited by Brynmor Jones, with a Short Introson of Simon.” Then Dr. Farrar turns to his paragraphs than enlightened by the erudition. duction by Robert Browning. (Isbister.) Mr. MSS. and finds the reading ought to be “Judas

The Mystery of the Universe : Our Common known both in London and in Wales. English the son of Simon Iscariot.” Of course, then, Faith. By J. W. Reynolds. (Kegan Paul,

Jones was a Congregationalist minister, well his previous conjecture goes for nothing: Not Trench, & Co.) Apparently Prebendary Rey

was for him an acquired tongue; and, when so. Dr. Farrar treats the A.V. (with his con

nolds mind moves in a spiral ; both the method this is taken into consideration, we can the better jecture) and the MSS. reading of the same

and the substance of this work recall The Super- to eloquence, which is exhibited in the sermons passage as separate authorities, and finds that, natural in Nature. One feels continually that

appreciate the ready fluency, frequently -rising together, they prove his point. Such a curiosity one is moving in the same direction, only in a

as here printed and, in what must have been of criticism we never remember to have met. different plane. In the first book the argument

a still more impressive form, as they were How came Dean Perowne to let such a mare's still touched the ground; now it has taken wing, extemporaneous address. Mr. Robert Brown

originally delivered with all the freedom of nest escape the editorial eye ?

and we have bird's-eye views of the same ing's hearty and generous estimate of the Short Studies in Ecclesiastical History and country, with the natural want of perspective. preacher's powers is, no doubt, justified by his Biography. By the Rev. H. N. Oxenham. There are passages of lyrical prose which were recollections of Bedford Chapel

. But, as in (Chapman & Hall.) This volume is a reprint written with rapture and will be read with similar cases, the

absence of voice, gesture, and of forty-three articles which have appeared at pleasure; there are others which are on the intervals for several years past in the Saturday best level of Proverbial Philosophy; there are effectiveness of the discourses.

play of feature detracts very seriously from the Review, in some instances being of the nature abundance of poetical quotations, almost all a of criticisms on works bearing on the topics little altered; and a really distressing crop of

Sermons preached at Westminster Abbey. By handled, in others being obituary notices of misprints: the quaintest is a quotation from Alfred Barry. (Cassells.) The Bishop of Sidney's persons of more or less mark in the ecclesias- Percy R. Meir in the Sayings of the Jewish friends at home, as well as the Churchmen of tical sphere, and in the remainder being purely Fathers. The strongest part of the book is the Australia and Tasmania, will be pleased to reoccasional, and due to the interest some par- discussion on prayer; the weakest, the attempt ceive this volume of sermons, all preached within ticular episode in history chanced to arouse to put an optimist gloss on orthodox eschat- the last four years, and exhibiting the powers in the writer's mind. They all bear the stamp ology.

of the preacher at his best. Dr. Barry cannot be of culture, of extensive reading within a certain Recent Discoveries on the Temple Hill. By the the Church of England possesses ; but the

reckoned among the few great preachers which area, of atteution to the philosophical as well Rev. James King: The Religious Tract Society congregation at the Abbey, when he was in as the external aspects of the events discussed, continues its series of useful and interesting residence, might count on at least a welland of impartiality. In many of them it contributions to the “By-paths of Bible Knowwould be impossible for one unacquainted with ledge.” Mr. King has put into a compact and

reasoned and animated discourse. These the facts to infer the writer's own theological readable shape the results of the excavations what is penetrative and subtle in thought or

it may be, are never marked by position from his language, and he is entitled carried on by the Palestine Exploration Fund to the praise of general freedom

from prejudice

. on the Temple Hill at Jerusalem. Perhaps he affecting in sentiment; but vigorous commonIt is, no doubt, due to the small scale upon confines himself too exclusively to these, for we

sense is too rare in the pulpit not to deserve a which the papers have necessarily been con- miss an account of the recent researches of Dr.

word of commendation. structed that they are suggestive rather than Guthe and the German Palestine Society, as

The Gospel History for the Young : being exhaustive, and can do no more than put some well as of the discovery of the Siloam inscrip- Lessons on the Life of Christ adapted for use of the more salient facts under each head before tion, and the topographical discussion it has in Families and in Sunday-schools. By Wilthe reader; but this they never fail in doing, occasioned. But, within the limits he has liam F. Skene. Vols. I. and II. (Edinburgh: as Mr. Oxenham is quite able to see what are prescribed to himself, Mr. King is an accurate David Douglas.). The object of these two the main points and what the merely subsidiary and lucid writer.

volumes is to furnish a consecutive narrative of ones. Not a few of the items in the volume

the life of Christ in a form intelligible to

Christ and Democracy. By C. W. Stubbs. would gain by considerable expansion-it is

children. Dr. Skene's standpoint, critically obviously impossible to handle a subject like (Sonnenschein.) Mr. Stubbs' former volume on

speaking, may be best described in his own "Latin Hymnology'

or "The Origin and Village Politics was remarkable as a courageous words. He considers that the Gospels as we Growth of Universities ” in a dozen pages; but attempt on the part of a clergyman of the there is always something to instruct and Church of England to face the social and now have them were the first written Gospels, interest, and to induce some at least of the political problems involved in the Labour and were the work of the authors whose more studious readers to pursue enquiry further Question. The present volume equally deserves names they bear, and that they were preceded a careful perusal. The sermons and addresses at which he arrived after careful study of the

by oral teaching only.” This is the conclusion on the lines indicated. It would have been a gain if Mr. Oxenham had supplied the refer- it contains are full of broad sympathy with the article on the Gospels” in the Encyclopaedia ences and foot-notes which are essential to working classes, but, a sympathy that never Britannica by Dr. E. A. Abbot ; and, however accurate verification of his statements, but / runs into a weak flattery of their follies and untenable it inay be, we suppose there is no

intellectual narrowness. which cannot very well be appended to articles

The first two sermons doubt that the majority of parents who send in a weekly journal, and an index would have

were delivered before the University of Cam- their children to Sunday-school would prefer that been a further boon; but we concede that the bridge, the third before the University of

no doubts were raised as to the general credinature of the volume does not directly call for Oxford; most, if not all

, the other discourses bility and authenticity of the New Testament such an addition, and that the author was fully

writings. Even on this ground, however, the within his rights in omitting it.

Revealed Religion expounded by its Relation to temptation need hardly have been treated so litA History of Canon Law in connection with the Moral Being of God. The Bedell Lecture for erally. We could easily imagine a Life of Christ Other Branches of Jurisprudence, by the Rev. 1883.” By H. Cotterill

. (New York: Putnam.) more graphically told and better adapted to the J. Dodd (Parker), is the work of an elderly These are three lectures delivered at Gambier, tastes and capacities of young persons than this. clergyman, who has, indeed, read a good deal Ohio, U.S.A., on a foundation connected with Still, Dr. Skene has done his work with conupon the subject of his volume, but whose the Theological Seminary of that place. The siderable care ; the lessons are, on the whole, mind is obviously neither a legal nor an histori- fundamental idea is that the truths of revela- clearly and simply written, and should, we çal, but a homiletic one. Instead of present- tion, though incapable of discovery by unaided think, prove serviceable to those for whom they ing either a clear narrative of the origin, reason, are such as commend themselves, when are intended. growth, and local modifications of the Canon once grasped, to the enlightened conscience. The Preacher's Promptuary of Anecdote. By Law, or summarising that law itself so as to An earnest protest is entered against the suppo- W. Frank Shaw. (Griffith & Farran.) This is a exhibit its general scope, range, and character, sition of some“ sincere and earnest if not very collection of " stories new and old, arranged, Mr. Dodd has compiled a rambling and dis- profound Christians,” that theology is un: indexed, and classified for the use of preachers, cursive work, quite deficient in order and method, profitable, if not injurious, to spiritual life,” teachers, and catechists." The thing was worth and incapable of being used as a text-book for and the spiritual significance of even the tech- doing, and it has been done well; if only getting up the subject. He is continually nical terminology of scientific theology is ex- reference to the original sources had been preaching little sermons in illustration of his hibited with considerable power. Like other added, we should have said very well. views-very nice in their way, but not legal writings of Bishop Cotterill, the exposition de

The First Principles of the Faith : a Handbook history; and a plentiful use of italics shows that mands a close attention, but it will,

we believe, of Christian Doctrine. By Edmond Walters. he has not acquired the art of being emphatic be generally thought to repay it. The Bishop (Alexander & Shepheard.) Mr. Walters is poet by force of style. The reader who is already must have entrusted the correction of the press as well as preacher; and in this volume he has fairly well versed in Canon Law will recognise to some very careless person. We have seldom, interspersed much orthodox theology with Mr. Dodd's acquaintance with various cognate if ever, seen such preposterous blunders as dis- selections from a little volume of poems that matters, and will often be reminded of some figure the Greek quotations.

we received for review at the same time. Neither fact which had slipped his memory; but the Divine Order, and other Sermons and Ad- in his poetry nor in his preaching is there

À GLIMPSE AS OF THE OLD GODS.

anything that calls for much notice. It has MESSRS. W. H. ALLEN & Co. will shortly ing, and the torchlight procession of the evidently been a pleasure to him to write these publish The Repentance of Nussooh, translated students in the evening. The present number two books, but we must decline criticising them from the Hindustani tale of Maulvi Nazir of matriculated students is 409–Evangelical at length.

Ahmad by Mr. M. Kempson, with a Preface by theological, 40; Catholic theological, 10; law, We have also received Sermons for the Sir W. Muir. The scene is laid at Delhi, and 131; medicine, 161 ; philosophy, 67. There is

an increase in both theological faculties, and in Church's Year, Edited by W. Benham, Vol. 1. the story throws much light on the manners (Griffith & Farran); Sermons preached in Temple and customs of native society in modern India, the medical; the legal and philosophical show

the same numbers as in the last semester. The Church, by Theophilus Smith (Blackwood); The especially among the Mahommedans. Churches of Christendom, St. Giles' Lectures, MESSRS. J. & R. MAXWELL announce for number of “ Auskultanten” (hearers) is 17. Fourth Series (Edinburgh : Macniven & Wal- immediate publication a cheap edition of On June 27, the anniversary of the death of lace); The Evangelical Succession : a Course of “Rita's” novel, My Lady Coquette; a second Heinrich Zschokke, a festival is to be held at Lectures delivered in Free St. George's Church, series of the Biographies of Celebrities; and also Aarau. A committee has been formed for the Edinburgh, Third Series (Edinburgh: Mac- a second series of the British Standard Handbooks erection of a Zschokke-denkmal. niven & Wallace); Types and Antitypes of our of Sports and Pastimes.

THE Munich fund for the encouragement of Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ (S. P. C. K.);

The next volume of Prof. Arber's “English the study of international law, called the Reasons concerning our Hope (Alexander & Scholar's Library,” being the sixteenth, will Bluntschli-stiftung,” in honour of the late Shepheard); Current Discussions in Theology, consist of a reprint of the complete works Prof. Bluntschli, has reached the sum of 30,000 by the Professors of Chicago Theological Semi- (1608-31) of Capt. John Smith, President of marks (£1,500). nary, Vol. II. (Chicago: Revell); &c., &c. Virginia and Admiral of New England, which

THE German papers record the sudden death, have never before been collected. The volume at Heidelberg, of Prof. Renaud, whose lectures

is much larger than the others of the series, for on German and French civil law attracted many NOTES AND NEWS.

it will consist of 1,120 pages, with six maps, students to the university. Like Bluntschli, he MR. ROBINSON Ellis will shortly edit for address is 1 Montague Road, Birmingham. In Bern to Giessen in 1848, and to Heidelberg in and will be published at 12s. 6d. Prof. Arber's

was a Switzer by birth, but was called from the Vienna Academy of Sciences the poems of the near future we are promised by this indeOrientius, a Christian writer of the fifth cen- fatigable editor the poems of Stephen Hawes

1852. tury. These poems, usually known as Common and of William Dunbar, and The Epitome, &c., itorium Orientii- -a name, however, not found of Martin Marprelate.

ORIGINAL VERSE. in the MSS.-are in elegiac metre, and show the author to have had a knowledge and com

THE Browning Society gives its third entermand of scientific prosody only possessed by tainment at University College on the evening When still the dawn of time lay flush and fair the more cultivated writers of that time. They of Friday, June 27. As formerly, there will Upon the youngling earth, and gods were fain

To dwell among us--oft the shepherd swain, are, besides, interesting from the not unfrequent be given recitations and songs from Mr. Brown

Wandering the wooded dells, came unaware imitations of classical poets, notably Catullus ing's works, the latter including several new and Ovid, which they contain. The Commoni- settings by Miss Ethel Harraden and Mr. Edwin On Dian, bathing in mid stream, all bare

Of aught save austere beauty, and half disdain, Mr. Petschenig, will form a new volume in the arrangements) composed expressly for this woke pure high thought and a chaste passion of torium, edited by Mr. Ellis, and Corippus, by Bending (who takes charge of the musical

And a divine great calm, that in his brain occasion. Mr. Stanford's “Cavalier Tunes" which contains Halm's Sulpicius Severus, Minu- will also be given, and a piece by the Abbé And now time wanes, and dreary falls the night;

prayer. cius Felix, and Firmicus Maternus, as well as Vogler. Some tickets will be reserved for non

But as we plod the murk world's miry ways, Harbel's Cyprian and Ennodius. The text of members, for which application should be made

Sometimes, ah sometimes still, through the blear Orientius will be based on the valuable tenth- to the hon, secretary, 29 Albert Hall Mansions,

haze century MS. once in the library of St. Martin Kensington Gore, s.W.

A human soul breaks on us, silvery bright at Tours, and now in possession of Lord Ash- THE well-known African traveller, Com- | In naked beauty;--and behold its light burnham.

mander V. Lovett Cameron, has issued a circular Seems like a god-glimpse in the far-off days. THE General Board of Studies at Cambridge advocating the establishment of a “Commercial

FRANK T. MARZIALS. has appointed five university lecturers in history Geographical Society” which shall have a

-Messrs. Oscar Browning, Cunningham, B. E. library, map-room, and museum of foreign
Hammond, Prothero, and Thornely.

products in the City of London, easily accessible MAGAZINES AND REVIETS.

to business men. MR. KARL PEARSON has been appointed Pro- tions, &c., addressed to him at 1 St. Swithin's June number of the Antiquary the second part

He will be glad of sugges- MR. W. CAREW-HAZLITT contributes to the fessor of Applied Mathematics at University Lane, E.C. College, London.

The Society of Arts has awarded the Albert It is to be regretted that there are no illustra

of a very good paper on * The Coins of Venice." HARVARD UNIVERSITY, which already pos- medal for this year to Capt. James Buchanan tions. Mr. Henry B. Wheatley discourses on the sesses a fellowship for research founded by Mr. Eads, in recognition of his engineering works Adelphi and its site. He is an authority on all Bancroft

, has received a further benefaction for in improving the water communications of matters relating to old London, and has written the same cause under the will of the late Henry North America. T. Morgan, of New York. This is to be used

this little fragment of a history of the Strand

Mr. James for the establishment of four fellowships " for

THE Midland Union of Natural History in a very entertaining, manner. the encouragement of advanced liberal studies.” Societies will hold its seventh annual meeting Gairdner continues his sketch of the history of Candidates must undertake to carry on at the at Peterborough on Wednesday, June 25. the House of Lords. It is a sketch only, but university special work of the kinds for which Excursions are arranged for the following day contains much that is almost unknown to all the degrees of Doctor of Philosophy and of to Stibbington Hall, Bedford Purlieus, and the but specialists. By far the most important Science are now given. The appointment will decoy in Borough Fen and Croyland.' Tickets contribution, however, is Mr. J. H. Round's be made without examination, upon evidence may be procured from Mr. J. W. Bodger, 18 paper entitled “The Tower Guards.” It is no that the candidate possesses the necessary Cowgate, Peterborough.

exaggeration to say that he has added a new education and copacity. The value of each In this week's Fifeshire Journal Mr. W. of the great Rebellion also. Mr. W. H. Jacob

chapter to the history not only of London, but fellowship is 500 dollars (£100), and it may be Hodgson begins the publication of a series of writes a short notice of a series of ancient renewed for a second year.

papers on his personal recollections of memor- charters of Winchester which have recently been MUSURUS PASHA, the Turkish ambassador, able men and things. Chap. i., which is en- discovered in the office of a solicitor. What he who some years ago published a translation titled "Some Old Acquaintances,” deals with has given us is little more than a calendar

. into Modern Greek of the Inferno of Dante, Messrs. Charles Gibbon, Robert Buchanan, and We trust that the whole of these interesting will shortly issue his translation of the Purga- Henry Irving. The papers are to be ultimately documents will be saved for all time by being torio, to form the second volume of his edition put forth in book-form.

printed at full length. of Dante in Greek.

MR. EDWARD M. BORRAJO, assistant secre- RECENT numbers of the new Scotch quarterly MR. ELLIOT STOCK has two fresh facsimile tary of the Library Association, is engaged in show that our advice to its conductors to give reprints in course of production-the first helping the staff of the Guildhall Library in ample scope to articles treating of the history editions of The Vicar of Wakefield and of the preparation of the new catalogu

and antiquities of Scotland has been taken. Rasselas. The former will be issued very shortly. A limited number of copies will be of the University of Bern will be held from Sun- deal with Scotch subjects; and a fourth

, The festival in celebration of the foundation Three of the papers in the latest number bound in wood taken from the panels of the day to Wednesday, August 3, 4, 5, and 6. The on Mr. Swinburne's obligations to the Bible, the haunts of Goldsmith, Garrick, and Johnson festal procession to the Minster, sermon, and likewise « national” in tone. The special literary -when that tavern was recently pulled down. “ Promotionen” take place on Monday morn- feature of the Scottish Review-its digest of the

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