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Coevangelista, Comm. Philem. 755; Com- (iii. 4, 5) and the gelidum nemus of the inspiring god. whether the limitation of place is to qualify dicar matice, Comm. Matt. 4.205 ; Comparticipatio, (See Wickham, ad loc.), This reward he already or deduxisse. The answer is that the application, Comm. Eph. 2.591 ; dispensatorie, Comm. has, already possesses the doctarum hederae praemia like that of ex humili potens, is double. On the one Philem. 766; gazophylacium, Comm. Matt. frontium. That he may attain another reward and hand, the poet would not seem to claim with cer4.227; incentrix, Comm. Tit. 2.716; jocularitas, not express more directly than by his extravagant hand, the place has an important bearing on the

a place among lyric poets is a hope which he dares tainty more than a local reputation ; on the other Comm. Eph. 3.641 ; locutorium, Comm. Eph. exultation if it should be fulfilled

achievement. But what is this bearing, and why 1.584; morticinium, Comm. Gal. 2.435; pro

quodsi me lyricis vatibus inseres

should it be worth noticing that the transference passio, Comm. Matt. 1.29; pseudoevangelista,

sublimi feriam sidera vertice."

of Greek lyrics has been achieved in Apulia ? The pseudomagister, Comm. Eph. 2.615; quadras- It is worth while to notice the exact suggestion con- explanation lies in the

metaphor deduxisse. “The adis , Comm. Gal. 1,377; reseratio, Orig. Hom. veyed by the metaphor inserere. Meaning originally use of deducere,” says Mr. Wickham,“

seems akin Luc. 14.289; revulnero, Comm. Gal. 3.499 ; to" graft," it is inconsistent with full resemblance to that of deducere coloniam, 'to have made the lyric trinomius, Comm. Matt. 1.57.

The graft may be better or worse than the stock; poetry of Aeolia at home among Italian mea. JAMES B. JOHNSTON. it must be different. So in ii. 5, 21, the word is sures. Mr. Page repeats the note without

applied to a resemblance of different things which remark. I submit that the metaphor is not deceive the eye

deducere coloniam, but deducere rivum, fontem, or SCIENCE NOTES.

si puellarum insereres choro

aquam, the agricultural operation of bringing a quem

stream to irrigate a soil too dry. (See the Dict. A SERIES of seven “ Davis Lectures" will be

mire sagaces falleret hospites
discrimen obscurum.'

8.vv. deducere, deductio.) The dry soil is that hard given in the gardens of the Zoological Society on

Latin of whose egestas Lucretius complains; the Thursdays, at 5p.m., beginning on June 5. The

“Rightly or wrongly,” says Mr. Munro in his stream is the copious lyric of Greece. Thus, the lecturers will be Profs. Flower, Mivart, and comparison of the two great Roman lyrists, "I point of the local description is plain enough. As Parker, Messrs. G. J. Romanes, J. E. Harting, to Horace I assign a different rank.”

look on Catullus as the peer of Alcaeus and Sappho ; Daunus, the Italian hero, is a parable of the

Catullus, Italian poet, so the droughty region of siticulosa Henry Seebohm, and P. L. Sclater.

like the Greeks, aims at the direct expression of Apulia and its head-strong, rebellious torrent are a By a strange coincidence it was on the first intense personal feeling. The lyric of Horace, parable of the patrius sermo, scanty of stream as anniversary of the death of Mr. James Young speaking generally, does not make the attempt. Southern Italy and, like Aufidus, unmanageable. (not Thomas Young, as in the obituary notice in He would not have allowed the superiority, having (Note the preposition in obstrepit ) The comparithe ACADEMY of last week) that Dr. Angus

an opinion of his own on Catullus' success, but he son of Greek literary sources to fountains and Smith died. James Young bore, we are told, be seen whether he is consistent in this view. In indeed, Horace himself had used it already (i. 26,

was not unaware of the difference in aim. It is to streams was familiar from Lucretius and Virgil ; the heavy expense of printing, for a limited his epilogue (iii

. 30), Horace, laying aside the lyre, 11, fontibus integris, fidibus novis). It can be no gratuitous circulation, the sumptuous volume as he probably thought, for ever, regards his accident that the Aufidus appears again, in the of Graham's papers to which we referred. achievement complacently, and claims as his due, later book (iv. 9), in close connexion with the James Young, of paraffine renown, was also the not the ivy of happy inspiration,

but that other poet's literary achievementfounder of the Chair of Chemical Technology crown, the laurel of the Pythian victor-poet

" ne forte credas interitura quae in the Andersonian Institution at Glasgow.

sume superbiam

longe sonantem natus ad Aufidum In connexion with the meeting of the Na- quaesitam meritis et mihi Delphica

non ante volgatas per artes tional Congress of French Geographical Socielauro cinge volens, Melpomene, comam.”

verba loquor socianda chordis." ties at Toulouse, a geographical exhibition will It is interesting to observe exactly what are the As there is here no metaphor such as deduxisse, and be opened there on June 1. Special attention merita upon which he lays stress. About one thing no such accompanying touch as pauper aquae, the will be given to the geology, anthropology, he is certain-his work is of the quality to be re- words “by the far-sounding Aufídus” might be and ethnology of the region, and to the map of the bronze of the monumental'statue and tablet,

or, in the odes of Horace small part is allowed to mere

membered; it is aere perennius, more lasting than merely a convenient description of Venusia. But Spain and Portugal. Prizes are offered for essays and monographs on

as he puts it in another place, than the marble convenience; and I read this verse rather as an communes and

inscription, incisa notis marmora publicis; it will apology to the native stream, whose sound, softened special districts, and for maps and plans for arrest attention more certainly than the height of by distance, tuned the young ear, which was to school geography

the pyramids. The praise, like the work, is choose words from Latin musical enough to be The May number of the Journal of the exact; the poetry of Horace has not stirred “ married to the string.” Similar thoughts Geological Society contains the address which men very profoundly, but scarcely anything has abound in modern poetry, and, if it be objected was delivered by Mr. J. W. Hulke on bis his work (exegit), gave it that clear-cut form which to ignore the intention in the description (iv, 3, 9)

that they are too modern for Horace, is it possible retirement from the presidential chair. It pre- is specific against

decay. Not less noteworthy in of the poet's fit and favourite place of abode ?— sents a masterly review of the present state its precision is the language of the latter part of of our knowledge of the Dinosauria. Mr. the epilogue, which states in terms the praise

“quae Tibur aquae fertile praefluunt Hulke on Saturday. last (May 10) met the which the poet expects. So long as the religion of

et spissae nemorum comae

fingent Aeolio carmine nobilem." Geologists' Association at the Crystal Palace, Rome shall endure, there shall be said of himand delivered a most instructive discourse on what? Not that he had given

voice to the fear, waterfalls and the leaves of one fitted to win renown

Surely this “ fashioning” or “moulding" by the the models of extinct reptiles, so well known the awe, the suspense, the triumphs and regrets, in the song, whose name recalls the music, of to every visitor to the Palace grounds, which were executed more than thirty years ago by a supreme national crisis. He had done all this, Sappho doubtless, but also of the winds, is a Mr. Waterhouse Hawkins.

though he could not speak, as Catullus, the thought not without affinity to the modern language of the single heart; and when after

thoughtMR. HUGH MILLER has published in the wards he resumed by command the national lyre,

And beauty born of murmuring sound Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society of he thanks his muse

Shall pass into her face."
Edinburgh an interesting paper

“On River-
“ quod monstror digito praetereuntium

This, then, is the extent of the claim which Horace Terracing." After sketching the history of Romanae fidicen lyrae.

makes in his epilogue-to have enriched Latin by opinion on this subject, he describes the several But a poet may express the feelings of millions, vice it deserved remembrance. But it is not of the

new metrical forms. Doubtless as a national serBy far the larger number of river-terraces in and yet be forgotten along with them. Very service, as a service, that Horace is solely thinking.

different is the language of the epilogue :this country belong to a well-marked type, for

He is speaking of the permanence of his work, and which the author proposes the name “amphi

“ dicar, qua violens obstrepit Aufidus

the words must be read in connexion with the theatre terrace.”

et qua pauper aqune Daunus agrestium commencement of the epilogue. Horace believed regnavit populorum, ex humili potens, that though he had not written the poetry of a princeps Aeolium carmen ad Italos

a Latin Alcaeus, still less of a Latin Sappho, though MEETINGS OF SOCIETIES. deduxisse modos."

he had not even equalled his models in musical CAMBRIDGE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY.—(Thursday, He claims nothing more, for certain, than success

sound, he had, with the help of their suggestions, ful originality in a technical process, in the bard | aid of rhetoric, would hold their place in the

hit upon certain rhythms which, with the utmost May 1.)

task described in the prologue, of introducing S. S. Lewis, Esq., in the Chair.—A paper was read Greek lyric verse to Italian 'measures." The

memory : by Mr. Verrall on "Hor. Carm. iii. 30.”—This poem, ambiguous position of the words er humili potens

“scilicet inprobae

crescunt divitiae ; tamen he epilogue to the original collection of lyric suggests, as Mr. Wickham observes in his note, a poetry published by Horace, stands in a close rela: parallel between the poet and Daunus, the hero of

curtae nescio quid semper abest rei —" tion to the prologue, Carm. i. 1. The metre com- ftaly and of Apulia in particular, 'an Illyrian this is not passionate, nor even, in the common non to the two is distinguished from those of the exile, according to the legend, who became king: sense, poetic-but it sticks to the mind. yric poems proper by having no "stanzas,” in In turning Latin to the rhythm of Sappho and he true metrical sense of the word. In the pro- Alcaeus, Horace, like the chieftain, had risen SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES.--(Thursday, May 15.) ogue the theme is the pleasure of the poet in his above adverse circumstances. But what is the Edwin FRESHFIELD, Esq., V.-P., in the Chair. work, his enjoyment in overcoming now and then meaning of the reference to the Aufidus, and of Mr. Leveson Gower exhibited two Romano-British he difficulties of a foreign verse, and his happiness the words pauper aquae ? No notice appears to urns from Crowhurst, found about six feet below n the world of the fancy, when, like Virgil's secreti have been taken of these points, but in Horace the surface of the ground; and a MS. pedigree of mi, he also secernitur populo and enters the pios lucos they cannot be supposed accidental. It is disputed Streatfeild, compiled by the Rev.

Thos. Štreat

at from
the Gravenor Gallery. Admission, One Shilling.

feild, the arms tricked with characteristic taste and stone for his grant of the pension of £250 to Dr. lentoid gems are equally of Argan invention accuracy.- Rev. H. J. Cheales exhibited a coloured Murray, as editor of the society's Dictionary and use, Krete more especially being their the easter pillar of the north arcade of all for the ensuing year :--President, Prof. Skeat; primitive home. Neither of these two arguSaints' church, Friskney, Lincolnshire. In the vice-presidents, the Archbishop of Dublin, Whitley ments will be admitted for a moment by centre is the figure of Christ holding a flag, with Stokes, A. J. Ellis, the Rev. Dr. R. Morris, H. Orientalists. So far is the flying horse fron the remains of nimbed heads below. Mr. Cheales Sweet, Dr. J. A. H. Murray, Prince I.-L. Bona- being an Aryan symbol that it is met with considered the painting represented the resurrec- parte; ordinary members of council, Prof. A. tion ; but the majority of the members present Graham Bell, H. Bradshaw, E. L. Brandreth, W.R.

on a Hittite gem surrounded by Hittite hierywere rather of opinion that the

subject was the Browne, Prof. Cassal, R. N. Cust, Sir J. F.'Davis, glyphs (Lajard: Culte de Mithra, xliv. 3); Ascension, especially as there were two objects F. T. Elworthy, H. Hucks Gibbs, H. Jenner, Dr. it was also known to Assyro-Babylonian art below the figure resembling the footmarks usual E. L. Lushington, R. Martineau, A. J. Patterson, This latter fact is indeed noticed by Dr. in representations of the Ascension. It is true, J. Peile, Prof. Postgate, Prof, Rieu, Prof. Sayce, Milchhöfer, who endeavours to get rid of it however, that the flag is rarely introduced into Dr. E B. Tylor, H. Wedgwood, E. F: Weymouth; by ascribing it to an "Old-Persian influence." exhibited the earliest charter of the borough of nivall. — Prof Skeat' then took the chair, and Unfortunately, however, the winged horse Newport, Monmouthshire, which is an inspezi- announced the establishment, that day, of the occurs on the Assyrian monuments long before mus by Humfrey Earl of Stafford, dated April 3, tripos for modern and mediaeval languages at the existence of Persia was even surmised 1427, of a charter of his ancestor Hugh Earl of Cambridge.

by the Assyrians; and we now know that the Stafford in 1385, the original of which is lost. The borough is not created by the charter, but pre

winged animals of Persepolis go back to the existing liberties are defined and further privi


early art of “Turanian " Susiana, which was, leges granted, the concurrent jurisdictions of the MC. WHISTLERS ARRANGEMENT IN PLESI COLOUR and Grar: again, based on the art of primeval Chaldaea

. officers of the Earl and the town being specified.

Even Greek story connected Perseus and his Mr. Milman made a few remarks on the charter, calling attention to several points of interest,

flying steed with Joppa and the Kêphenes or among others to the fact that the cognizance of


TIIE ORIGIN OF GREEK ART. the death of children under a year old is removed

Dr. Milchhöfer's second argument must from the coroner's jurisdiction and reserved to the Die Anfänge der Kunst in Griechenland. By also be met by a negative

. Mr. R. P. Greg bishop of the diocese.

A. Milch hoeffer. (Leipzig : Brockhaus.)

possesses a seal of crystal which came from With those who have busied themselves with the neighbourhood of 'Beyrût, and has upan PHILOLOGICAL Society.-(Anniversary Meeting, Lerantine archaeology Dr. Milchhöfer's name it a design which is identical with that on Friday, May 16.)

will be sufficient to ensure a respectful hear the lentoid gem figured 175 in Schliemann's Dr. J. A. H. Murray, President, in the Chair -- ing for what he has to say. Whether or not Mycenae. The heraldic style represented by The President delivered his annual address prior to quitting office. After apologising for the we agree with the theories and conclusions this gem has long since been traced back to scantiness of his material, in consequence of his propounded in his new work, they will have Asia Minor by Prof. Ernst Curtius, and recent absorbing work on the society's Dictionary, he to be studied with serious attention by all who discoveries have shown that it was originally gave short obituaries of the

chief members who take an interest in the problems he has derived from Babylonia through the medium had died in the past two years - Messrs. East, attempted to solve. There are few archae- of the Hittites: The mythological figures passed in review the papers read before the society ologists who have a greater first-hand know- upon the lentoid gems, such as the deity during that period, and gave extracts from the ledge of the discoveries which have of late who holds a demon-bird in each hand, or fresh reports sent in to him--on the Slavonic shed such a flood of light upon the early the person who grasps the horn of an iber

, Languages, by Mr. W. R. Morfill

; on Hungarian, history of the Levant, and there are few also are for the most part familiar to Assyriologists Turkish, by Mr. E. G. Browne; and on the who are better qualified to discuss them. The legend of Prometheus, which, as Dr. Hamitic Languages of North Africa, by Mr. R. N. His book, therefore, cannot fail to be both Milchhö 'er points out, is represented on one or "The Practical study of Language," urging the has one serious drawback which forces itself Aryan tribe of the Caucasus ; and, though the Cust.- Mr. Henry Sweet then read his report on stimulating and helpful to science. But it two of these gems, is found among a nouparamount importance of phonetics, and praising in almost every page upon those whose atten- German scholar says that he will not " waste" reported on the progress of the society's Dictionary, tion has been specially directed to things his time in discussing the Semitic origin of the and discussed certain points relating to it. He Eastern. Dr. Milchhöfer is not an Orientalist, myths connected vi h Hêraklês, the decipherfound great difficulty in making out the history and it is becoming every year more manifest ment of the Assyri n inscriptions has proved and settling the etymology of Middle-English that some of the chief questions connected that Heraklês nas but the Gischubar of the *aslope,” ** asquint,” in origin adverbs, or adjec. with the archaeology of the Levant can be great Chaldaean Epic, the Baal Melkarth of tives, or participles? The logical development of adequately handled only by Oriental scholars. Tyre. words had given him great trouble: "art" and Not only has Dr. Milchhöfer fallen into several I have already alluded to the comparison "article”

were instances ; while, for a preposition errors of detail, which further acquaintance made by Dr. Milchhöfer between the figures on like above," hours must be spent before all the with the art of Asia would have prevented, the ring of Mykênac and the figures of late and the senses into orderly development. He then but he has also put forward a theory which, Hindu art. It is hard to understand how he named, and thanked, the readers who had been as it seems to me, takes us back to the crude can seriously believe that any parallelism making good the many defects in the quotations of speculations of half a century ago.

is possible between what is separated by such part i. of the Dictionary, and sending fresh slips

Without denying-what indeed no archae- an interval both of space and of time. As a for common words in part ii. Sixty-ove reviews of part i. had appeared, and all approved the work ologist can now deny—the influence of the matter of fact, the design on the ring in generally. Some reviewers objected to the tech Phoenicians upon early Greece, Dr. Milchhöfer question presents no difficulty to those who uical words ; but the scientific men each complained seeks to minimise it as much as possible, and have had much to do with archaic Babylonian how scantily his own science was represented. to trace the chief elements of archaic Greek cylinders. No hard and-fast line could possibly be drawn in

It is simply a copy of early the matter; the editor must be trusted, and nse art and culture to a primitive Aryan source. Babylonian work, modified by the peculiar his own discretion. Other reviewers were distressed Krete becomes a centre of this prehistoric art of Asia Minor. The flounced dresses of at modern newspapers being used as anthorities. Aryan influence instead of being, as the old the Babylonian priests have been transferred They did not object to far inferior old newspapers, myths represented it, the seat of a civilising to Amazonian priestesses, and

their feet hare anonymous Commonwealth daily tracts, being so Semitic power, and a parallel is eren found been shod with boots with the ends turned only rule was to take the best quotation you could for the figures on the famous ring of Mykênae up, while the double-headed axe of Asia get for the meaning you had to illustrate

, and not in the female figures of late Indian sculpture. Minor has been introduced into the picture, had a big name tacked on to it.--Votes of thanks assumed to have been of Aryan origin, and also on the " Hittite” cylinders of Kypros, be so silly as to choose a poor quotation because it The population of Asia Minor is tacitly as well as the animals' heads which

appear the report-writers for their reports ; to the auditors Etruscan is discovered to be a mixed language, Aleppo, and Merash. of the treasurer's accounts; and to the Council of partly " Pelasgian” and partly Asianic. Dr. Milchhöfer's assumption of the Argan University College for the use of the college rooms Dr. Milchhöfer's conclusions rest in great origin of the nations of Asia Minor is confor the society's meetings. -Un the proposal of measure on two arguments. One is that the tradicted by the evidence alike of comparative Mr. Furnivall (who was the

first to ask for a pen- symbol of the flying horse is of Aryan deriva- philology and of the cuneiform inscriptions Weymouth (to whom Mr. Gladstoue first referred); tion, and marks å product of Aryan art He exaggerates the importance of Krete in "pecial vote of thanks was passed to Mr. Glad wherever it occurs ; the other is that the the early history of the Levant, and is com

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pelled to reject the most natural theory for upon him and his works which his brother an artistry which, because it is concerned only explaining the characteristics of primitive William has commenced to publish in the with the people we know, and the scenes we Etruscan art. Nor is he always correct in his current number of the Art Journal. They are live among-with an every-day humanity in statements regarding the discoveries of Dr. full of interesting facts, and contain criticisms its every-day attire-makes no appeal to the Schliemann at Mykểnae. Thus, those who Hunt, written when they and others not now on his early drawings by Millais and Holman devotees of ideal design. Mr. Alma Tadema's

“Street Altar” is, of course, in a sense, hardly saw the graves there uncovered



so well known were joined together in that less “la vie vécue " than the piquante realities denying the possibility of their having been romantic art-fellowship which preceded the of Mr. Henshall, because in Mr. Alma Tadema's opened for the admission of new bodies after formation of the P.R.B. An article by Mr. R. art the display of an unexampled archaeological the first interment; and, though the art of Heath upon François Rude, appearing simul- lore is united with curious technical mastery. Mr. soldering was largely practised at Hissarlik, taneously with Mr. Hamerton's illustrated note Poynter's chief drawing is his "Psyche." This, it was absolutely unknown at Mykênae.

in the Portfolio, is a mark of the revivel interest like a good deal of the work exhibited by many At the same time, the value of Dr, Mileh- in sculpture. Mr. Heath's article is illustrated artists this season, is to some extent a repetition,

by the “Love at Dijon, and three works in under another guise, of what has been seen behöfer's work must not be underrated. It is

the Louvre –“The Neapolitan Fisher-boy,” fore elsewhere. Mr. Poynter's “Psyche”, at full of acute observations and happy com- The Jeanne d'Arc," and "The Mercury,' the Academy last year was not only admirable parisons, which are usually enforced by the He points out, for

M. ANDRÉ MICHEL contributes a depressing in draughtsınanship, but was probably the most help of wood-cuts.

account of this year's Salon to the current delicate and luminous instance of flesh-painting example, a convincing parallelism between a number of L'Art, which contains, besides, an

that the Academy contained. It may be that piece of sculpture from Sparta, in which he article on the little-known museum at Salz- his Psyche" at the old Water-Colour Society sees a representation of Thêseus and Ariadnê, burg, by M. Noel Gehuzac. The etching by unmixed approval. Still, as in the other case,

can hardly be spoken of in terms of quite such and a bronze from Olympia, as well as a group Focillon after Raffaelli is unusually poor.

its sentiment is appropriate and refined, and on an Etruscan vase. Equally convincing is In the Gazette des Beaux-Arts, M. Léopold much of its draughtsmanship is of delightful yet the comparison of a broken relief in bronze Delisle brings to a conclusion his learned study intricate faultlessness. from Olympia with a lentoid gem from Krete, of the Livres d'Heures” which once formed

We are rejoiced that in an exhibition not which represents the vulture gnawing the part of the famous MSS. of the Duc de Berry; generally famous for its figure-painters, and in liver of the fettered Prometheus. Not less and col. Duhousset gives the fourth and last a medium which, as the public has lately been striking is the resemblance of a relief on a Art.” The “ first articles of the number are

"The Horse in informed with too much confidence, is not suited bronze from Olympia to the device on a "The Salon," by M. de Fourcard;

to drawings of the figure, there should

· Michel lentoid gem picturing an archer combating Colombe," by M. Léon Palustre; and “Félix mentioned. Nor do these, indeed, exhaust the

appear figure-pieces like those we have now with a human-headed fish. The conclusion Bracquemond,” by M. Alfred de Lostalot. The list, for two drawings of Mr. Albert Moore show to be drawn, however, from this resemblance last is illustrated with an original etching and that in the art of water-colour, just as much is adverse to Dr. Milchhöfer's theories, since a facsimile of a “first” state, showing M. as in oil painting, he can charm us with dainty the design on the gem is of Assyrian origin. Bracquemond's process of work.

hues, delicate line, and ordered patterning. His remarks on the dress of the male figures THE Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst contains Mr. Radford, too, is noteworthy, though less in the prehistoric art of Greece, as well as the a photogravure after E. K. Liska's pathetic technically accomplished. Mr. É. K. Johnson distinctions he draws between the various picture of Hagar and Ishmael ;” and a paper presents us with agreeable repetitions of his

on “ Pisanio Tacito,” by Wendelin Boeheim. classes of work represented in the discoveries

wonted type, a type of healthy English beauty,

square-cheeked, and in colour brightly blonde. at Mykênae, are of great interest. In fact no one who studies the archaeology of the Levant


Mr. Carl Haag and Mr. Du Maurier are, in their

WATER-COLOURS. can afford to neglect his book, however much

widely divided ways, more purely painters of

subject than of face or figure for the sake of he may differ from the theories it embodies, IF the Royal Society of Painters in Water- face or figure alone. If it were not that the fan, or regret the tone of dogmatic superiority Colours makes a more interesting show than which might, we should have thought, have which from time to time appears in it.

usual this season, it is pleasant to think that the been both easily and effectively turned and A. H. SAYСE.

additional interest is not wholly due to the foreshortened, strikes somewhat squarely across accession to the ranks of the society of a famous Mr. Du Maurier's picture, that drawing might

and exquisite figure-painter, Mr. Albert Moore, be considered almost perfect in arrangement, THE ART MAGAZINES.

and of a young lady of promise, Miss Forster. It is likewise interesting for its series of thinly A STUDY of a female head of spiritual beauty is The elder and the younger members have most veiled portraits, and for the air of drawing-room the frontispiece to the Magazine of Art for the of them done their best; and, along with the comedy which sits upon it so pleasantly. Mr. present month. This number contains among Mr. Hopkins have recorded "la vie vécue," drawing of an Oriental girl, but the important

vigorous work in which Mr. Henshall and Carl Haag sends not only a most brilliant other good things a paper by Mr. Andrew

Lang whether of the harbour or the library, the sea- example of Biblical anecdote which has already upon Elzevirs and one called “Fontainebleau : Village Communities of Painters,” by Mr. shore or the town, we have important contribu- been mentioned in the ACADEMY-the great R. L. Stevenson, illustrated with some effective tions by Mr. Alma Tadema and Mr. E. J. drawing of the faithful and self-satisfied Eleazar, and refined landscape studies by Mr. Anthony Poynter, characteristic of their very different journeying across the mountains with a finely Henley. To the previous number of this maga- aims and of their individual modes of procedure. caparisoned camel, and the bride Rebecca safely zine Mr. Stevenson contributed a paper called Mr. Hopkins's drawing is surely a rendering in his charge. "A Penny Plain and Twopence Coloured," in water-colour of a picture seen some time ago The President, Sir John Gilbert, sends a which for its happy and sustained humour at the Royal Academy? Two figures of sailor- drawing which we should willingly accept as a deserves a special notice. Its subject is those folk, stand on a wooden platform outside a poetic record of English landscape did it not sheets of romantic characters and terrible land- lighthouse, or at the edge of a pier, and watch please him somewhat needlessly to associate it scapes which were sold for Skelt's Juvenile with strenuous gaze the result of the storm upon with Timon of Athens. Mr. Clarence Whaite is Drama and will still be dear to the memory of drawing, which he calls “ Thoughts,” and which mountains, while Mr. Henry Moore leaves his

boats unseen by the spectator. Mr. Henshall's on his own ground in painting the Welsh many, The pathetic head of Christ on the Cross re- sixteen years old, just perched, and with difficulty in the peat-bogs of Picardy. is presumably a portrait, represents a girl some habitual waters to sketch the incidents of labour

Mr. Charles produced by Dujardin from Rude's marble in balancing herself, upon a library stool, her eyes Gregory is among those younger Associates who the Louvre and an etching remarkable for its cast up from the book which she holds high in have made the most advance; and, in respect of delicate modelling by Mr. C. 0. Murray, after her hands before her. Behind her is the sober his most important drawing, we have only one the portrait by J. M. Wright, of Thomas and shadowed background of the ranges of thing to blame him for- and that is that, by Hobbes, are two impressive plates in the volunies--a piece of still-life admirably painted, the selection of the title, " The Garden of Portfolio. A dexterous and bright etching by yet always subordinate to the general effect. Death,” for an English churchyard, he should Lalanne of the Tower of Montalban, Amster- The real charm of the thing is more to be have imported a superfluity of sentiment into dam, is the "painter's etching” of the month. sought in the ease and flexibility of the figure, a scene that is meant on the whole to be pleaMr. Walter Armstrong continues his interesting or rather in the precision and sensitiveness of sant. notes on the Italian pictures in the National draughtsmanship by which that ease and flexi- first time, have already commended themselves

Miss Forster's landscapes, seen for, the bility are conveyed, and in the keen and un- to the lovers of something that is less manly AFTER the flood of criticism, often ill-con- trammelled perception which is not foiled by than De Wint and less effeminate than Birket sidered, for which the death of 'Dante Rossetti modern flounce and modern corset. In this Foster. Among the more established members, was the signal, all lovers and students of his work, as in the sometimes kindred and still Mr. North, Mr. Walter Field, Mr. George genius will be glad to read the authentic notes finer labour of Mr. E. J. Gregory, there

abounds Fripp, Mr. Alfred Fripp, Mr. Alfred Hunt, and


Mr. Matthew Hale are well represented. Mr. an array of admirable labour which has about dignity in the attitude, in the pose of head, of Hunt's “Late Evening on the Greta," which is it the fascination of spontaneity and ease. the lady who sits up straight in her small instinct with poetry, has more charm for us than Really, when the element of comedy is straight chair and hangs one arm behind it! his “Deserted River-bed,” ambitious as is eliminated, it is impossible to be ignorant of Again, the “Petit Dejeûner.” (13)—a note in that drawing in aim, and learned and intricate the presence of serious and beautiful work. opal—is of a curious delicacy in slightness, such in performance. Mr. Hale's work is of a refine- In all, there are sixty-seven contributions, as hardly anybody, but Mr. Whistler could ment often akin to Mr. Hunt's, and, like Mr. designs and sketches in oil, in water-colour, command. No. 21 is, in its own way, as sucHunt's, it repays the attention which it does not and in pastel. It is unlikely, of course, that, cessful and as exquisite. What a placid charın invite. Mr. North's most striking drawing is among so many, all are equally happy and in that delicate, ghostly vision of the "Herring an achievement of remarkable difficulty—“My significant, but, at least, none are conventional Fleet” (48)! Poetical, we should desire tõ Garden Hedge, My Orchard Fence," a study of and wholly tame; none are the more or less call it, only that to be poetical is to be literary. nasturtiums and apples seen in varying lights. mechanical reproductions of effects previously and with “La Petite Mephisto” (51) we are In effects of this sort, Mr. North, who is inter- observed and enjoyed, and rendered aforetime back again among triumphant boldness an! resting in much that he does, would seem to aim with a vivacity that is now wanting. Too dash. There can be no need to prolong the to become a specialist. Two artists who are many painters—and some of them were once catalogue. The real artistic public is small in chiefly landscape-painters have dealt especially artists-permit themselves these depressing England, but what there is of it that is not this season with the landscape of modern repetitions, but when Mr. Whistler speaks it is fettered by its own prejudice or proceduru civilisation in what it has of impressive and of because there is something fresh to be said; a will, we make bold to believe, confess itself forbidding. We refer to Mr. Herbert Marshall new pretty thing has been seen, or a thing has enamoured of Mr. Whistler's show. and Mr. Albert Goodwin. The efforts of Mr. been seen newly, and clamours to be recorded

FREDERICK WEDMORE. Marshall to paint London are in the highest -perhaps the roll of a wave out at sea, or the degree meritorious. With a more thorough look of night on the river, or perhaps it is only

PAINTINGS ON CHINA AT MESSRS. knowledge, or it may be a profounder feeling the bottles of pear-drops and bull's-eyes and

HOWELLS AND JAMES'S. for architecture, he might know how to make the pile of oranges in the shadowed window of even the prosaic architecture of London seem a Chelsea sweet-shop, or the ill-clad grace of This annual exhibition, which has now reached more picturesque.

With a more thorough some draggled hussy of the slums, or the its ninth year, seldom fails to bring forward knowledge, or it may be a profounder feeling passage of level afternoon light across a five some new talent among lady amateurs, and as for landscape, he might perhaps bring into his o'clock tea-table, or a leg crossed audaciously, seldom to show some new development of the representation of the skies and foliage of the a flash of movement, or a dainty head buried art by professionals. This year is no exception town a something it does not now include. He cosily in pillows, or a turn of hand, some to the rule, the principal amateur prize, the is a student—a man of convictions probably; revealing gesture. In any case, it is fresh or Crown Princess of Germany's gold medal, and he makes progress. We applaud him for freshly seen, and in almost every case it is set having been awarded to a lady who, we believe, the painting of London, and look forward to down engagingly. Of course Mr. Whistler has has only taken one prize before (an extra bronze the day when he may paint it more perfectly. not to do with what is called imagination; he medal last year), and the first professional prize Just that touch of poetry which is somehow has to do with the vivacious record of some- to Miss Ellen Welby for a piece which in sty¢ wanting to Mr. Marshall's work is really absent times trivial fact. He perceives intently, and and execution is a distinct advance upon most from Mr. Goodwin's; and his “Sunset in the what he perceives he chronicles. To do that modern work. Mrs. Collins has won her gold Manufacturing Districts," with all its faults, is with impartiality, with a universal tolerance, medal with three carefully painted female a notable instance of the assistance that would appear to have been always the aim, the figures, to which she has given the names of imagination is willing to afford to the land sometimes instinctive aim, of his art. In a "Dora,” “ Laura,” and “Solitude.” They are scape-painter, even when he is dealing with given subject he of course selects, and abstracts, good in colour, if a little stiff in drawing, themes in which the prosaic can discover and refines, but almost any subject would allow especially in the draperies. Miss Welby's ex; nothing but the crudity of realism. The fore- him space for selection, opportunity for ab- cellent Plaque in Italian Style” shows a skill ground of Mr. Goodwin's drawing shows the straction and refinement. The sea-shore, and in the decorative treatment of the figure which squalid suburbs of a manufacturing town for the wharf, the shabby street, the lady, the we are glad to welcome. The “plaque "is one saken by nature_and beauty. How is life grisette-all serve his need. As time passes, his of those bowls with broad brim, or plates with possible there ! Veils of smoke-laden atmo- method becomes more summary_his art, like cup-like centre, which were in fashion when sphere shroud the further houses, and above David Cox's, more and more abstract. We are Italian majolica was in its prime; and the artist, them angry wreaths of cloud form and re- at issue with him, sometimes, upon the question without any slavish imitation, has reproduced its form over the spaces of defiled yet splendid whether the abstraction and selection are not, large decorative feeling and beauty of colour. sky.

now and then, pushed too far-whether the After the impure and weak blues and yellows to signs that constitute the shorthand of his which we are accustomed in modern majolica


work are not now and then a little

too arbitrary it is a pleasure to see something which really FLESH COLOUR AND GRAY.

if the message he wishes to deliver is to be recalls the orange and azure of fine Urbino.

deciphered by anyone less expert than him- In the “cup” the artist has painted a fine head, We could not say, truthfully, that our spirits self. That is an open question. If he decides and the broad brim is occupied by a simple bat would be dashed not a jot if Mr. Whistler, in it, as he seems inclined to do, by opposing, say, beautiful border of amorini, well adapted from opening a new exhibition of his work, deprived his latest etching of “Putney”-charming as old designs. The following are the names of it of the element of comedy. He has taught that is—to the “Thames Police,” or “Black the other principal prize-takers :-Amateurs : us to look for temporary entertainment, as he Lion Wharf,” an etching of twenty-five years Miss C. J. Barker, Miss Kate Kirkman, Miss has taught us to look likewise for abiding ago, one effect, at least, it will have which we Dorothea Palmer, Miss Nellie Hadden, Miss pleasure, on the occasions when he makes dis- could wish avoided—the limitation of his public Bessie Gilson,

Mrs. G. R. Smith, Miss Bertha play of his art. A gallery does not suffice for within the very narrowest limits, for at least Bradley, Mrs. Swain, Miss E. Cooke; ProfesMr. Whistler. He needs a stage. The thing this generation.

sionals: Mdme. Merkel-Heine, Miss Chatfield, must be done in his own way if it is done at But that is Mr. Whistler's own affair. We, MM. Léonce, Grenet, and Rösl. The average all. Nor, so long as we enjoy his performance, for our part, shall venture to take some pleasure level of the work is so uniform among the better can we grumble at his method. We are re- in nearly all he produces, partly, indeed, for painters that it is difficult to separate any for joiced, on the contrary, to find him established, the learned economy of effort with which it is special notice, but we observed a charming pair much to his own satisfaction

and to that of the brought forth, but partly, also, for that which of landscapes—one English and the other Frenel really appreciative public, at the Messrs. even a too unmeasured abstraction could not -(1254) by Miss Linnie Watt, to whom we are Dowdeswells', and to note that the properties quite conceal—his extraordinary insight into surprised to see that no prize has been awarded, have been got together, the scenery refurbished, the picturesque and the engaging, the light, and (1265) by Malle

. Menard. Miss Watt’sillsome of the furniture repainted, the stage itselt firm touch with which, on paper or canvas, he fortune

is more

than equalled by that of Miss or Mr. Whistler's matting- brought safely can arrest for us the fascination of colour and Jessie Scott-Smith, whose “Peť Pigeon" (226) from a few doors down the street, where the line. We said he is not always equally happy. is delicately painted, and has

without even tent was last pitched, and one of the principal Is there much suggestion of the real figure in commendation. Among the other unhonoured of the dramatis personae - the wholly inoffen- the young woman dressed in a parasol and a work we

were pleased with M. Balque's sive young man who is draped in unfamiliar, red head-gear (65)? It appears not a fortunate Springtime but tasteful, livery-rescued again from the transcript, but an imperfect and graceless recol- “Birds and Blossom obscurity of private life. In fact, it is as lection. And what would Mr. Clark Russell say Miss M. J. Lucas's “ Eucharis, &c.," with a good cheerful as ever-the whole thing—as fresh and to the anger of The Angry Sea" (2)? But the border (418), the pippins of Miss A. Hills (81); individual. And when we withdraw our eyes spirit and fire of the “ Bravura in Brown” from the engaging interior which Mr. Whistler's an taste has built up-when we forget the coup but how serviceable, is it not?-are not før: 284)," the donkeys of Miss Strutt (217), the

"accident of alliteration,” Mr. Whistler, and golden marguerites of Miss Barker (271 and d'oeil and descend to the detail-there remains moment to be gainsaid. And how much oranges of Miss Gray (985), the barbotine black


(410), Miss Annie Slater's

on a gold ground (169),



berries of Miss Morley (140), and a charming the corners, and on these eight arches stand eight been proved; in fact, if I remember right, the female head by Miss Tolfrey (136). The ex

others, forming a dome whose height is about writer of the notes told me that Dr. Tholozan, hibition, as usual, owes much of its attraction to thirty feet. There are three cells * in the the Shah's principal medical adviser, had inthe masterly performances of foreign artists . northern and three in the southern wall, and two formed him that none of the bones

he had seen The birds of Léonce, the landscapes of Grenet, small niches in each of the western and eastern

were human.

A. HOUTUM SCHINDLER. and the miniature portraits of Mdme. Merkel- walls. The entrance door is on the eastern side. Heine are as usual unrivalled; and MM. Gautier, different times. The building has lately been

The walls appear to have been plastered four Quost, Bourgeot, Tossent, and some half-dozen converted into a mosque. From this square build

HISPANO-DUTCH BRASS DISHES. more have been properly commended by the ing one enters by the western wall into a dark

Sare, par St-Jean-de-Luz: May 13, 1884. judges. We must add a special word of praise room fifty-three feet and a half long and twelve

In the better houses of the Basque countries, for the cockatoo of Devigne, though we are not feet broad. All round the ceiling is a place for an both French and Spanish, handsome brass cirsure whether it is included in the Catalogue. inscription, but nothing is written on it. In the cular dishes of about fifteen inches in diameter But, as usual, there are several fine things worth northern and southern walls of this room are frequently met with. They are ornamented seeing which are hors concours. Among them sixteen cells-eight in each. The doors of the cells with repoussé designs, sometimes of simple are two magnificent vases painted with Léonce are like little windows, and only about three feet

ornament, sometimes representing Biblical or and Mallet's wonderful lustrous enamels, and and one-third in height. The cells are not all of other subjects, such as the temptation of Adam quaint shapes, grotesque fancies, and curious broad, and formerly had doors with bolts. Places Round the inner rim, mottoes in concentric felicities of colour.

and there on the walls. Lately the middle cell of circles occasionally occur; but, unhappily, centhe southern wall has been changed into a mehrab, turies of vigorous scrubbing have almost

and opposite it a fireplace has been arranged. The obliterated the majority of these. Some I have CORRESPONDENCE.

whole building is constructed of sun-dried bricks. been able to decipher, showing, as I infer, both

There is no doubt of its having been part of a from language and lettering, that these dishes PITHOM.

monastery, and used as a place of seclusion by date back to the time of Spanish supremacy in British Museum: May 13, 1884. monks.

the Low Countries. I read clearly on some : Dr. Brugsch, the leading authority on the

2. In the neighbourhood of the Turuq Cara- | “Hilf Got aus not;” repeated in capitals, in geography of Egypt, whose eloquence and vanserâï, about six miles from Meshhed, is a hill, three several cases, occurs “Ich Bart geluk critical skill first taught us, in his famous called the Tepeh-i Nâdirî. I cannot say why alzeit,” with the variation “alzeit geluk ; ” but discourse at the Oriental Congress of London, the people have given Nadir Shâh's name to the will some kind reader of the ACADEMY interpret the value of the native documents for the structure with that of other artificiair hins whose for me the following letters, which, repeated in problem of the exodus-route, has at length origin is known, that it is at least two thousand capitals, form the inner circle to the last-cited spoken on M. Naville's discovery of Pithom. years old, while Nâdir Shâh reigned about one

inscription ?In the Deutsche Revue, Dr. Brugsch fully hundred and fifty years ago. The hill is situated accepts that discovery, with its important at the junction of the two roads that lead from The third letter may possibly sometimes be u result in determining a position in the route Sherîfåbâd to Meshhed, is conical, and has a height instead of I. WENTWORTH WEBSTER. of the exodus. He does so with his usual of 1,170 feet; its apex is cut into two terraces or frankness, little caring for the modifica- steps, the one higher than the other; the circum

NOTES ON ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY. tion of his own views, and rejoicing in the ference of the base of the hill is 1,470 feet. The success of his eminent colleague. The force curious fact about this hill is that it is entirely The annual meeting of the Royal Archaeoof the statement, and the clearness with which formed of bones both human and of animals, of logical Institute_this year will be held at it is put, will bring the greatest of recent con- places on the hill, particularly on the south-eastern August 5. Among the places to be visited will

At several Newcastle-upon-Tyne, beginning on Tuesday, tributions to Biblical criticism before a wide slope, are traces of step-like cuttings in the stone: be Alnwick Castle, Ayldon, Brinkburn Priory, audience. The value of the paper lies not only It is rather difficult to ride to the top of the hill. I Chesters, Durham, Finchall Priory, Jarrow, in this central fact, but also in the surround- Burnt bricks have not been found, but great Holy Island, Monkwearmouth, Morpeth, Rothings, for we have here a lucid statement of the quantities of very large sun-dried bricks are main data bearing on Pithom, from M. Naville's frequently met with.”

bury, Tynemouth, &c. The Duke of Northinscriptions, and all the other known sources. In the first note the author describes a part

umberland has consented to act as president. Thus, in this article and its sequel, the scientific of one of the old monasteries formerly so

THE Cambridge Antiquarian Society has reader will find Dr. Brugsch's latest views on frequent in Persia. The name itself of the undertaken to prepare a critical Catalogue of the geography of Goshen and the route of village “Seh deir, " the three (Christian)

all the portraits belonging to the university the exodus. The article is too full to be monasteries,” for the last three centuries con

and colleges; and, as a preliminary to this condensed in the ACADEMY; but it is to be tracted into a meaningless word, Istir, points necessary and very useful work, has determined hoped that M. Naville may be able to print to the former existence of them there. 'I have to bring the pictures together in a series of a summary of it in his memoir on Pithom, now in other parts of Persia noticed similar con

annual exhibitions, of which the first has just in the hands of the printer and engraver. structions, and in one or two places I heard been opened in the North Gallery of the FitzThe question of Pithom has thus finally passed them called “guebre houses;” at only one place

william Museum. The project has met with from the domain of controversy into that of was a similar construction called Kilîsså i.e., general approval, the owners of the pictures church.

having lent them without difficulty.
Hon. Sec. Egypt Exploration Fund.

The second note is not easily intelligible. period comprised in the present exhibition is
There is evidently an error in the measure-

that terminating with the death of Queen ments, and the description is far from lucid. Elizabeth. The number of portraits is 163— The writer says first that the whole hill is nearly all of persons more or less closely con

formed of bones, ashes, &c., and then speaks of nected with the university. The artistic worth London: May 15, 1884. stone. I have frequently passed through that of such a collection is, of course, greatly inThe able editor of the three Persian news part of the country; and, although the writer ferior to the historic; but, among a number of papers published at Teheran, Sani ed dowleh, specially mentions that the hill is not a natural copies and imaginary portraits, a few original has sent me two notes which he took on his one, I think he refers to one of the irregularly works of great merit will be found. A brief last journey to Khorassan, when he accom

formed gneiss peaks, so marked a feature of the Catalogue has been prepared, which may be panied the Shah. As the notes are of some

Meshhed neighbourhood, on the top of which bought in the room. archaeological interest, you might perhaps think constructed in Nadir Shah's time. «Potsherds, refuge of many hard-working men of letters

there might have stood a tower or guardhouse As the English Lake district is the occasional them worthy of occupying a little space in the ashes, bones, &c., would naturally be found on and of science, not a few readers of the ACADEMY ACADEMY. The following is a translation of the notes;

the slopes of a hill which had on its summit, will rejoice to hear that the efforts of the Lake I have changed Persian into English measures, Phat some of the bones were human has not crowned with success, the Ennerdale Railway

many years, a number of soldiers. District Defence Society have again been and have here and there curtailed the text a

The word “cellule” (French) appears in the unanimous decision of a Select Committee of

Bill having been rejected on May 15 by the * 1. At a distance of seven miles and a-half to Persian text. the west of Sabzvâr lies the village Istîr, whose real

This is the third + If the measurements are correctly given-. destructive scheme which the society has de

the House of Commons. name was Seh-deir.* Close to the village is a dhome, under which are several graves

, and adjoinbase 1,470 feet-the diameter of the case e renda be feated within the short space of thirteen months, eighteen feet and a half in length. On the walls incline of the slope would be about five in one couraged to continue its watchful care over stand four small arches joined by four others over Riding up such an incline would be altogether a portion of the country peculiarly liable to

impossible; I think there is a mistake in the injury from the development of mining and The three monasteries. measurements.



little :

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