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hardly demand that the personal emotions of young man for showing, so frankly, traces BLACKIE & SON'S the actor shall be called upon in every scene. of his predecessors rather than any marked The critic who should say to the player, “ It does individuality., Nessler has a quick and flowing EDUCATIONAL WORKS. not matter whether you feel these emotions, pen, and with a better libretto may possibly provided you can reproduce them by observing rise to higher things. There is plenty of them,” would not really contradict to the full melody in the Opera, some of it rather DESCHANEL'S NATURAL PHILOSO. the critic who should say, "You must not only taking. The opening chorus, the concerted

An Elementary Treatise, Translated and Ex

tended by J. D. EVERETT, For the gift of finale in the first act and the drinking scene in

.L., F.R.S., Professor observe; you must feel.”

of Natural Philosophy in Queen's College, Belfast. observation is too intimately connected with the third act (both of which were vociferously Illustrated by 760 Wood-engravings and Three Coloured the gift of sentiment, and to really see a thing encored), and some of Hunold's music may be

Sixth Edition, thoroughly Revised and Ex.

teuded. Medium Svo, cloth, 188. is to show that you can feel it. named as the rost successful portions of the

Also, soparately, in 4 parts, limp cloth, 4s. 6d. each.
piece. Nessler has made liberal use of lead- Part I. MECHANICS, HYDROSTATICS, PNEUMATICS. Part II.
ing themes.
For an overture we have the HEAT. Part III. ELECTRICITY and MAGNETISM. Part IV.

Sound and LIGHT.

music of the third act connected with the

exodus of the mischievous vermin. There is ELEMENTARY TEXT-BOOK of PHY. COVENT GARDEN TAEATRE.

one particular theme, used afterwards several SICS. By Professor EVERETT, Translator and Editor VICTOR NESSLER'S “PIPER OF HAMELIN.” times in the course of the Opera, which may

be of Deschanel's " Natural Philosophy," &c. Illastrated

by numerous Woodeuts, New and Revised Edition,

Fcap. 8vo, cloth, 3s. 6d.

Monday evening last the Royal English called tho Rat” motive. The shrieking and
Opera Company commenced a winter season

squeaking." of the rats is imitated, and there is
with a work which has been produced with great & plentiful use of chromatics, though not of PRAXIS PRIMARIA.

fifty different sharps and flats” as in the cises in the Writing of Latin. success in many parts of Germany. It was

With Vocabulary and

Notes. By the Rev. ISLAY BURNS, D.D. played by this company at Manchester in 1882, themes is one which may be commended ; it

The employment of representative by the Author of "The Public School Latin Primer."

Fifth Edition. Fcap. 8vo, cloth, 2s.-KEY, to Teachers and since then has been given in other Northern

only, 3s. 60. is not a weak imitation of Wagner, for, as has towns. The composer, an Alsatian, was born in the year 1841, and produced his first Opera, inventor of the Leit-motive system. The Opera often been pointed out, Wagner was not the MYTHOLOGY. The Myths and Legends

of Ancient Greece and Rome, for Schools and Private “ Fleurette," at Strassburg in 1864; this was was conducted by Mr. Gilbert H. Betjemann,

Students. By E. M. BERENS. Illustrated from An. followed by other works in 1868, 1869, and 1876. whose talent and experience stand him

in good

tique Sculptures. Cloth, 3s. In 1879 the Opera now under notice appeared at Leipzig, and in 188! yet another, entitled " Der stead. The orchestra, led by Mr. J. Carrodus, A HISTORY of the BRITISH EMPIRE. wilde Jäger."

By EDGAR SANDERSON, M.A., late Scholar of Clare The legend of the “

is an excellent one; and, if the performance was

Piper of Hamelin is well known. The story has been

College, Cambridge. With numerous Pictorial Illustra. not faultless, we must not forget that the

tions, Genealogical Tables, Maps, Plans, &c. Fcap. 8vo,

smaller told by Julius Wolff, and also by Robert singers, accustomed to perform in

pp. 414, cloth, 28. od. Browning. Herr Hofmann, the German libret

houses, naturally showed signs of nervoustist, has arranged the myth in a very unsatisness on the opening night, and at times some


Based on the Analysis of Sentence. of them gave trouble to conductor and players.

Cloth, ls. factory manner. Hunold, the Piper, appears at

The chorus was very good.

For Intermediate and the Higher School, Hamelin, and for a certain sum of money offers

Cloth, 2s. Mdme. Rose Hersee took the partof the unhappy A COMPLETE ARITHMETIC. For to rid the town of the rats which

Gertrude, and by the cleverness of her acting “ Fought the dogs, and killed the cats,

Secondary Schools. made the most of a somewhat iceipid rôle. The

Pp. 192, cloth, ls. ; or, with And bit the babies in the cradles,

Answers, 18. 6d. The Answers separately, 6d. Regina was a Miss Catherine Devrient : it was And ate the cheeses out of the vats, And licked the soup from the cook's own ladles."

her first appearance on any stage, and before OGILVIE'S STUDENTS ENGLISH DIC

speaking of her we will wait a more fitting time. TIONARY. Etymological, Pronouncing, and ExplanaAccording to the old story, the money was Mr. Charles Lyall was extremely funny as


gravings on Wood. Imperial 16mo, half-roan, 76. 6d.; refused to him on the ground that he was a Ethelerus, the Town Clerk, and Mr. Albert half-calf, 10s. 6d.

For dramatic purposes, however, this M‘Guckin was a good Burgomaster. The was not sufficient. Love rules the operatio most important role in the Opera is that of the OGILVIE'S SMALLER DICTIONARY. stage; and Hunold wins the affection of Ger. Piper. It was undertaken by Mr. J. Sauvage ;

Etymological, Pronouncing, and Explanatory. Abridged

from the “Student's Dictionary by the AUTHOR. trudo, a fisherman's daughter, much to the and, though there were moments of weakness, Imperial 16mo, cloth, red odges, 2s, 6d.; or half-roan, annoyance of her admirer, Wulff. But there it is only right to say that much of the success are further complications; the Town Clerk, of the piece was due to the ability which he BAYNHAM'S ELOCUTION. Select Readpiqued by the indifference of Regina, the pretty displayed as singer and actor.

ings and Recitations, with Rules and Exercises on daughter of the Burgomaster, incites Hunold to We forgot to mention that the English ver- Pronunciation, Gesture, Tone, and Emphasis. By demand of the father a kiss from his daughter's sion, from the pen of Mr. H. Hersee, is well

GEO. W. BAYNHAM, Teacher of Elocution in the lips. Then by magic art the Piper estranges the done ; he is, of course, not responsible for the

Glasgow University, &c. Crown 8vo, 2s. 6d. young lady from Heribert her betrothed, and so unsatisfactory form and contents of the POYNTER'S SOUTH KENSINGTON has on his hands and heart the love of two fair libretto. In the English many passages are DRAWING BOOKS. Produced under the superiumaidens. Gertrude throws herself into the omitted, some of which add somewhat to the tendence of E. J. POYNTER, R.A., and sanctioned by river, Regina fades from our view; and Hunold, interest and meaning of the piece, such as the

the Committee of Council on Education. angry at the treatment be has received (althougb

ELEMENTARY FREEHAND DRAWING. Two Books, prologue in the middle of the overture, and

6d. each ; or on Cards, in four packets, 9d. sach, it would seem that he had only himself to blame the "Wulffscena in the third act. for meddling with other people's quarrels), "The Royal English Company gavo “ Mari

FREEHAND DRAWING, FIRST GRADE, ORNAMENT. entices away the children of the town by the tana” on Tuesday evening ; the

FREEHAND DRAWING, FIRST GRADE, PLANTS. magic of his pipe. They cross a stream, a repeated on Wednesday, and "

" Faust and FREEHAND DRAWING, SECOND GRADE. Four Books, “wondrous portal opens wide,” the Piper enters, Trovatore were announced for the remainder Is. each ; or on Cards, in four packets, Is. 6d. ench, the children follow, and the door in the moun- of the week.


ELEMENTARY HUMAN FIGURE. Four Books, 60. tain side shuts fast. All the personages named,


By S. J. and others, flit across the stage; the spectator


CARTLIDGE, late Lecturer in the National Art Training School, South takes little interest in them, nor is he sensible

Kensington. Four Books, 1s. each. Books I and II. now ready. to the miseries of the maidens. Hunold him. London Agents, Messrs. W. H. SMITH & Son, VERE FOSTER'S DRAWING BOOKS. self, the central figure of the piece, is at best a 186 Strand.

Approved by the Science and Art Department. With mystery. One does not know exactly what to

Instructions and Paper for Drawing on, Price 3d. each make of him. Does he bring with him "airs Copies of the ACADEMY can also be obtained

K1-4. Landscape. from heaven or blasts from hell”?

012. Domestic Objects, every Saturday morning in EDINBURGI of There is no point in the story, and scarcely any dramatic interest. Has the composer any

Mr. MENZIES; in DUBLIN of Messrs. W. H. latent dramatic power ? The question is not SMITH AND SOns; in MANCHESTER of Mr. easy to answer. Every now and then, when J. HEYWOOD. Ten days after date of publi- VERE FOSTER'S COPY-BOOKS. the librettist gives him a chance, ho seems as

Palif he were going to fix our attention, but he cation, in NEW YORK, of Messrs. G. P. merston Edition. Adapted to the recommendations of soon lapses into what is commonplace, not to PUTNAM'S Sons.

the Civil Service Commissioners. Printed from the

Original Engraved Copper-plates, on the best paper, and say trivial. Nessler's music is clover, spirited,

In 11 Numbers, price and at times very pleasing: One meets with


8d. each. many familiar strains, and in one or two

Detailed List on application. instances we must say he has borrowed very

Copies can be obtained in Paris every Saturfreely. We would not, however, be hard on a day morning.

London: BLACKIE & Son, 49 and 50, Old Bailey,

With about 300 Eu.


38. 60.

Six Books, 6d, each ; or on Cards, in six packets, is, each.



Six Books, 60, each ; or on Cards, in six packets, Is. ench.

each. Books I., III., and IV, now ready.

Al-2. Elementary,
BI-2. Simple Objects.

D1-9. Loaves.
E1-2. Plants.
G1-2. Flowers.
I 1-4. Ornamonts.
JI-1. Trees.

M1, Marino,
01-10. Aoima's.
Q1-4. Human Figure.
R1-3. Practical Geometry.
T1-5. Mechanical Drawing.
Z Blank Exercise Book.

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ruled with red and blue lines.



essay on

· The Two Noble Kinsmen;" and Mr. White notes, “No beauty lack. The

retribution overtakes him when a few pages sense seems to require all beauty lack;' No. 611, New Series.

farther he cites a forged document as fixing and a negative assertion seems always to have

“ The Tempest. The EDITOR cannot undertake to return, or the downward date of

disturbed S.'s coherence of thought.” It is to correspond with the writers of, rejected Pedantry may blind us; but self-complacent really W.'s, and not S.'s, coherence of thought

common-sense can sometimes throw a pinch of which is disturbed. Those not born fair lack manuscript.

dust in our eyes.

If Mr. White persuades no beauty, because they wear false hair, and It is particularly requested that all business himself that with the aid of his notes, useful paint themselves beautiful for ever; hence letters regarding the supply of the paper, what Shakspere wrote as nearly as possible real example of Shakspere's well-known con

as they are, an ordinary reader can understand my dark lady's eyes are in mourning. A bre, may be addressed to the PUBLISHER, and in the very way in which he would have un- fusion in the use of negatives, especially frenot to the EDITOR.

derstood and enjoyed it if he had lived in quent in the case of no less, unnoticed by London in the reign of James I.,” he simply Mr. White, and, so far as I know, by other

is blinded by a liberal pinch of dust thrown in critics, is the following :- In “As You Like LITERATURE.

his eyes by common-sense. I am on the side It" (V. iv.), Duke Senior exclaims, in wel

of the pedants. To acquire an instinctive coming CeliaThe Riverside Shakespeare. The Text newly feeling for Elizabethan language, versification,

“O my dear niece, welcome thou art to me! Edited, with Glossarial, Historical, and Ex- style, you must, like Dyce, live in Elizabethan

Even daughter welcome, in no less degree." planatory Notes, by Richard Grant White. literature ; you must so saturate yourself with Theobald, Sidney Walker, and Dyce place a In 3 vols. (Sampson Low.)

it that it colours your bones as madder does hyphen between “ daughter" and " welcome,

the bones of a pig; and even then your in-making this a compound noun, the Duke Shekspeare's Historical Plays, Roman and stinct will not be infallible. English

offering his niece a daughter-welcome. But With Revised Text, Introduc

Mr. White, “following eminent example, is not Shakspere here at his old trick of tions, and Notes Glossarial, Critical, and took the advice of his washerwoman” in blundering about no less, and does he not Historical, by Charles Wordsworth, Bishop determining what passages were sufficiently mean “Even a daughter is welcome in no of St. Andrews. Vols. II. and III. obscure to justify explanation. We are higher degree than you, my niece”? Turn(Blackwood.)

delighted to hear this; we have always ing a few pages back to the puzzling Duodamo It is unnecessary to say that Mr. Grant admired the fine culture of the American of Jaques's song, I find that Mr. White alters White's edition of Shakspere is the work of a democracy, but to discover that the bleachers it to Ducadme, and adds the note “Ducadme skilled and acute scholar, who determines to of summer smocks are joint-editors of Shak- bring to me (Lat.).” I have elsewhere look at things with his own eyes, and not spere comes as a surprise. I imagine Mr. thrown out the conjecture that Jaques's through a succession of commentators' spec- White's collaborateur as charming as one of Ducdame is simply the French duc damné. tacles. Such work is always interesting, Mr. Abbey's milk-maids ; I see the perplexed Jaques is railing against the Duke and his whether we agree or do not agree with the scholar strolling across the meadow, with followers—asses who have left wealth and results arrived at. The edition, while it is the proof-sheets in his hand, to where her fairer ease, “a stubborn will to please.” He has work of a scholar, aims at popular uses. If sheets are swaying in the wind, and there she been all day avoiding the Duke, and he has that incalculable person, “the general reader," enlightens him so prettily (“most busy less, just been told that the Duke is coming to find that it meets a want, Shakspere students when she does it") on “ullorxa," and "esil," drink under the tree which Jaques has may be well pleased. For his benefit it is right and “empirickqutick,” and “cride game,

appropriated. “Ducdameis “a Greek invoto describe what he will get in exchange for and "runaway's eyes,” her voice mingling cation,” because it is not Greek, but the his six-and-thirty shillings. He will get three with the voice of the river. Mr. White and French of Arden woods; "to call fools into stout volumes of nine hundred or a thousand the whitster, not of Datchet-mead and Thames a circle,” for the Duke has gathered asses and pages each; the text printed in a single side, but of the trans-Atlantic Riverside, find fools around him. Jaques will go to sleep if column, and in a pleasant, readable type ; in Shakspere charmingly free from obscurity! he can ; if he cannot, he will rail against all the first volume the Comedies arranged as in In the “Merry Wives” there is no note on the first-born of Egypt. Why "first-born of the First Folio; in the second, the Histories, “buck” or “buckbasket,” and that is easy to Egypt”? Because Duke Senior, the elder to which the Poems are added ; in the third, understand ; but that" a’oman which is in the brother, is the object of Jaques's spleen, and the Tragedies, real and so-called, including manner of his nurse, or his dry-nurse, or his would that the plague of Egypt took him! " Troilus and Cressida,” “Cymbeline," and cook, or his laundry, his washer and his

In the same play (III. ii.) I am glad to see " Pericles." He will further get a general wringer” should find so many other things Mr. White retaining Rosalind's "O, most Preface chiefly occupied with setting forth easy which have seemed difficult to Capell

, gentle Jupiter,” and refusing to admit the some examples of Mr. Grant White's improve- Malone, and Dyce is matter of pleasant con- specious “gentle pulpiter" of Mr. Spedding. ments, real or supposed, in the text; a brief gratulation. Many washerwomen have done But why alter (IV. i.) “and the foolish Life of Shakspere ; introductions to each play, virtuously, but thou excellest them all! The chroniclers of that age found it was,

-Hero of averaging from half a page to a page in length; truth is that an ordinary, off-hand reader of Sestos” to “ foolish coroners”?

Of course finally, foot-notes, in rare instances critical, Shakspere finds few difficulties, because he is the jest lies in an allusion to a coroner's more often glossarial, all being reduced to a unaware of his own ignorance; and the inquest; but this is sufficiently indicated by minimum. Mr. Grant White has minimised explanation of half the useless commentator- the word “ found,” and the jurymen are, very his minimum with a vengeance.

ship is that, when we look into it, Shakspere properly, the chroniclers. I am in favour of a text without notes, or a is in a thousand instances difficult or obscure,

May I be bold to think these spirits ?” text with many notes ; let us not puzzle at all, and in the dimness we lose our way, excusably asks Ferdinand in “The Tempest (IV. i.), + let us puzzle out every difficulty. It seems enough, in wandering mazes lost.

and Prospero answers, to me to be the pedantry of common-sense to To glance here and there at a few points in

'Spirits which by mine art think scorn of the services of those editors, | detail. Among the notes on the Sonnets are

I have from their confines call'd to enact annotators, commentators, critics, whom Mr. two which show Mr. White at his best and

My present fancies. White dismisses as mere dullards and drivellers, worst. His emendation of the last line of

Let me live here ever; but to each of whom we actually owe some sonnet cxiii.

So rare a wonder'd father and a wife

Makes this place Paradise.” Tain, perhaps several grains, of fruitful fact “My most true mind thus maketh mind untrue"a thought. One of them grubs among black

Wife or wise ? for, I believe, copies of the Letter books, one has a genius for textual seems to me to rank well among the con- First Folio differ on this point. Mr. White Conjecture, one has a delicate ear for verse ; jectural emendations of the Quarto reading,

reads wise, and perhaps he is right. But may rach and all have served us, and we owe them “ My most true mind thus maketh mine untrue.” not Ferdinand on this solitary island imagine "hanks, not scorn. An editor of Shakspere, On the lines in sonnet cxxvii.

himself, as it were, in Eden? He is Adam, however gifted, insults his reader when he

and Miranda is his Eve, while, with all

“ They (her eyes] mourners seem nounces, as Mr. White does, that he has

At such who, not born fair, no beauty lack,

reverence, this wondered father who can call merer taken the trouble to read Spalding's Sland'ring creation with a false esteem,"'- spirits from their confines is an earthly Pro


vidence, like the great Father of all, who good rest,” as a separate poem from the three Horn, and abolish the bugbear that for censent spirits gliding into Paradise. stanzas beginning

turies had perched upon its cliffs." Gordon “The body," says Hamlet (IV. i.), "is

“Lord, how mine eyes throw gazes to the east.” entered the Royal Engineers at an early age, with the King, but the King is not with the

and arrived in the Crimea on New Year's Day body. The King is a thing_" "Hamlet,"

But the five stanzas certainly make a says Mr. White,“ keeps up his semblance of single poem, and so they are printed in the 1855, when he was within a few weeks of madness." True, but there is a method in original Quarto. My last word concerning Mr. completing his twenty-second year. He had White's edition must be a word of sincere

his share of personal adventures and narrow his madness. Hamlet delights in private readings of his own speeches, and “the King” welcome, with a trust that the readers for escapes during his work in the trenches; and

it may be added that he then formed a poor whom it is designed may find it so good and means two things with him. * The body is with the King” —how can “ the King" | useful that they will soon require something opinion of the quality of French soldiers

, and still better.

a rather high one of the steadiness and want tidings of the body when it is already

devotion of the Russians. After the war he with the King ? (i.e., as understood in the Bishop Wordsworth's second and third was appointed to serve with the Commission private sense, " with my dead father, the volumes have all the merits of the first volume marking out the new frontier between Russia true King”)—but (Hamlet remembering how and fewer faults. In the Preface to the third and Turkey, and then he was sent on similar lately he has seen his father's spirit) the volume some criticisms written by me in the work to Armenia. From Armenia he went to King is not with the body (for the dis- ACADEMY are noticed by the Bishop in a spirit China, when the first news that met him on embodied King stalks in his ħabit as he lived so gracious-gentle, yet firm—that I might arrival was that the Taku forts had been through this very palace). The King is a grow remorseful had my words not been spoken captured. He participated in the Pekin camthing Here Guildenstern's interruption in defence of some of the noblest and most paign, and was stationed for some time at reduces Hamlet to utter the mere reply churl- exquisite lines of Shakspere. But Portia and sientsin, where he employed his leisure in ish, “a thing” (not ensky'd and sainted, Rosalind have told me that they approved my making excursions into the surrounding nor to be hereafter ensky'd, but a mere words, and Portia looked serious as she said country, once going as far as the Great Wall

. King Claudius), "a thing of nothing."

this, and Rosalind looked like the gracefullest In 1862 he was ordered to Shanghai, where, “Where_Spain ?” asks Antipholus of of rogues.


the English authorities having decided to Dromio (“Errors,” III. ii.), who is com

clear the country of rebels for a distance of paring the globular kitchen-wench's parts to

thirty miles round that town, he first came various countries. "Faith, I saw it not; but | The Story of Chinese Gordon. By A. Egmont into contact with the Taipings. With English I felt it hot in her breath.” Why “saw it

Hake. With Two Portraits and Two Maps. soldiers he found it an easy task to vanquish not," and why only “felt it"? Mr. White (Remingtons.)

the insurgents whom he was subsequently to and other commentators appear not to have very rarely does it happen that two great conquer with Chinese levies. Mr. Hake gives noticed Dromio's jest, the clown reading his questions of the hour recall to public notice a particularly interesting account of the cirmaster's geographical question “Where the same man; yet the present crisis in China cumstances which led to Gordon's acceptance Spain?” as Where's pain ?" and pain is, of and the confusion throughout the Soudan, of the command of the force to be known in course, not seen, but felt.

wide apart and wholly disconnected as the history as the “Ever-victorious Army." His “World, world, O world !” cries Edgar two fields of action are, irresistibly suggest troubles arose as frequently from the in(“Lear,” IV. i.)

memories of the achievements of Chinese subordination of his own force as from the “ But that thy strange mutations make us hate thee Gordon. No Englishman ever impressed the opposition of the Taipings. On one occasion Life would not yield to age.”

Chinese with a sense of the nobility of the Surely Mr. White's “washer and wringer" European character in anything approaching the artillery refused to fall in, and threatened might have permitted a note here. Edgar the way that he did; and yet, if we consider to blow the officers to pieces, both European

The intimation of this serious seems at first sight to say: “Were it not that the difficulties of his position in the Soudan, mutiny was conveyed to Gordon in a written we hate the world we should escape from it it will be allowed that what he accomplished proclamation. Convinced that the non-comby suicide.” But the emphasis is on“ strange there was a still more remarkable triumph of missioned officers were at the bottom of the mutations.” If anything else made us hate human character than even his long succession affair, he called them up and asked who wrote the world except its strange mutations we of victories against the rebels of Kiangsu. the proclamation, and why the men would not

They had not the courage to tell the might fly to death ; but since these are the The story of Chinese Gordon could not, there- fall in. cause of our hatred, how dare we scek death, fore, be told at a more appropriate moment truth, and professed ignorance on both points

. that strangest mutation of all ? The following suggestion I offer, timidly approaching his subject in the

right mood of them that one in every five would be shot, an

announcement which they received with groans. hoping to glean a rare approval for it. Lady appreciative admiration, has produced a volume During this manifestation the cominander, with Macbeth speaks :

which should find a wide circle of readers if only great shrewdness, determined, in his own mind, “Thou'ldst have, great Glamis,

for the sake of its hero. Gen. Gordon is one of that the man whose groans were the most emThat which cries, “Thus thou must do if thou those simple-minded heroes who blush to hear phatic and prolonged was the ringleader. This have it,'

their own deeds told; and he has acquired a man was a corporal ; Gordon approached him, And that which rather thou dost fear to do Than wishest should be undone."

habit, when the world has nothing particular dragged him out of the rank with his own hand, Mr. White gives no note, and perhaps the-way places where he feels safe from the the spot. The order was instantly obeyed.” accepts a common interpretation, that Mac- importunities of the notoriety-makers of the

The most brilliant of all Gordon's brilliant beth would have the crown (" that which age. The world is not so rich in men of this exploits was the capture of Soochow, which cries Thus,' &c.") and the crime (that which character that it can see with indifference an entailed the collapse of the Taiping movement he fears to do). But the logic of the whole administrator of unique power of organisation in Kiangsu. The victory was the more creditpassage requires a different meaning: Macbeth, and of influencing men for good without suit- able inasmuch as it was won against a more says his wife, would fain have a good con: able employment. There is much still for numerous enemy, occupying a position of science and also murder Duncan. He would Chinese Gordon to do; but the opportunity great natural and artificial strength. Perhaps have

has again had to be provided by a foreign the most striking incident in connexion with That which cries, “Thus thou must do, if thou Government.

the attack on Soochow was the extraordinary have it,'

Mr. Hake gives an interesting sketch of moral restraint which Gordon imposed upon his that is, a good conscience which says, “ thus that branch of the Gordon family from which own followers in respect of looting. He asked must thou act if thou art to retain a conscience the present Gen. Gordon sprang, and those Li Hung Chang for two months' extra pay for at all ;” and he would also have his crime and who believe in character being inherited will them, which was refused; but, sooner than risk its fruits.

find much to strengthen their faith in what the consequences of keeping his disappointed One more note: Mr. White, with all recent he tells about Gordon's ancestors. On men near the fallen town, he removed them to editors, except the editor of the Parchment his mother's side he was an Enderby, a Quinsan. Mention of Soochow naturally recalls Shakspere, treats the two stanzas in “The family of merchant whalers, who were the the murder of the Wangs, or Taiping leaders, Passionate Pilgrim ” beginning “Good night, first to frequent the Pacific round the dreadful in breach of the understanding conveyed by

serve as a

the Chinese generals in response to Gordon's chalk on the fences. A favourite legend was office for some weeks before he retired for a appeals for lenience. Not merely did this God bless the Kernel.””

reason not stated in this volume, but one breach of faith disgust Gordon, but it in- For such a man it was but the most natural which did infinite credit to his sense of volved him in the most imminent personal thing in the world to deface the inscription justice; that he then commanded the Endanger. Hastening to the residence of one of on a gold medal presented to him by the gineers in the Mauritius; and that, lastly, he the principal Wangs, to see what he could do, Empress of China, to dispose of it for ten learnt at the Cape the fact that weak Govern“ he was at once surrounded by some thousands pounds, and to send the proceeds anonymously ments, whether Chinese or colonial, have very of armed Taipings, who shut the gates on him to the fund for the distressed operatives in similar methods of dealing with rebels. But as he went in, and declined to allow him to Lancashire ! The revelation of these facts' these are unworthy of being remembered in send out his interpreter with a message to his will be very hateful to him, and Mr. Hake's connexion with Chinese Gordon. His visit to troops. Fortunately, it happened that the courage will be tried by the momentary wrath China in 1880, and the very practical advice Taipings no more knew than Gordon himself it may produce; but the world must be the which he gave to his old colleague, Li Hung that their chiefs had been put to death. Had better and the wiser for the knowledge of the Chang, at the time of the dispute with Russia, they done so they would have held Gordon details of Gen. Gordon's life which he would were more in consonance with his character responsible, and might have put him to torture. As it was, they held him as a hostage for the fain keep concealed from all human ken.

and dignity. But each and all of these circumgood treatment of their leaders. He was kept And what shall we say on the subject of stances become in Mr. Hake's skilful hands powerless in the palace from the afternoon of the his work in Egypt? Appointed in 1874 to the means of arriving at a more perfect knowoth till the morning of the next day, surrounded succeed Sir Samuel Baker and to carry on the ledge of the character of this remarkable man. by Taipings. . . . Few men have looked upon work of putting an end to the slave trade, he Chinese Gordon is a name to conjure with death under circumstances so intricate and so threw himself into his new task with all the among two races to whom the blessings of threatening."

energy that had characterised his campaign in pure justice and wise government have been Gordon was honoured by the Chinese Govern- China. His first act was significant, and long denied. As a general, his operations ment with the rank of Titu, and received pre- showed that he did not approach the subject among the creeks of Kiangsu proved him to sents of the yellow riding-dress and peacock's with ideas of self-advantage. The Khedive be well able to plan out a campaign which feather that are the highest dignities it can had fixed his salary at £10,000 a year; he masters in the military art admit to have been bestow; but he emphatically refused all refused to accept more than £2,000, the rate the best under the circumstances, and to bring pecuniary reward. During his service with of pay he was then receiving as British Com- it to a victorious conclusion. As an administhe Chinese he had learnt to appreciate their missioner on the Danube. In the Soudan trator, his work among the blacks in the Soudan virtues and to make allowances for their Gordon's vigour and capacity were conspicuous must be regarded as quite the most remarkable fanlts. Even the treachery at Soochow, in the simplest incidents of his administration piece of civil organisation performed by any which had at the time filled him with such among peoples accustomed to misgovernment single Englishman since the day of Warren wrath that he contemplated exacting a per- for generations, and practically ignorant of the Hastings. And, lastly, as a man, the record sonal revenge for it, came to be regarded meaning of such phrases as justice and mercy: of his daily life, of his most trivial deeds, prewith a more lenient and discriminating eye His sympathy with the unfortunate and served in the hearts of those who treasure his as a natural incident of Chinese history. We down-trodden blacks, who were made the friendship as well as in the pages of Mr. cannot refrain from closing the record of his victims of greed by their stronger neighbours, Hake's admirable biography, prove him to be C'hinese career with the following very wise was intense. He spared neither himself nor one of those whose actions will “ words on the subject of the ruling and the his subordinates in endeavouring to place a beacon to others.” DEMETRIUS BOULGER. ruled in China :

term to their misery. His success, consider"It is absurd to talk about Manchoos and

ing the very meagre support received from Chinese; the former are extinct, and the latter

Cairo, was quite extraordinary. He did put The Royal Lineage of our Noble and Gentle are in every part. And it is equally absurd to an end to the slave trade for the time being,

Families, together with their Paternal talk of the Mandarins as a class distinct from he was the means of assigning a date for the

Ancestry. Compiled by Joseph Foster. the people of the country; they are not so, but emancipation of the slaves, he overthrew the

(Privately Printed.) aze merely the officials who hold offices which powerful robber confederacy of Zebehr and are obtainable by every Chinese without respect his son Suleiman, and he averted war with PEOPLE who are not genealogists will hear to birth, I will not say money, as certainly Abyssinia.

The merit of his success was with some surprise that there are families in there is some amount of corruption in the sale enhanced by the paucity of his means. Act- every rank of life who are legitimately

offices; but Russia is equally corrupt, for ing in the name of a half-hearted and im- descended from the od royal of England. that matter, in her distant provinces, and it is pecunious Government, he was not only It is well enough known that when Mr. C. E. Lot so very long ago that we were also somewbat tainted in the same way.”

expected to meet the deficit of an embarrassed Long compiled his Genealogical List of Persons

province, but to send sums of money to con- entitled to quarter the Royal Arms he reckoned Perhaps the most beautiful passage of tribute to the luxury of Cairo. The few among them a butcher, the sexton of a al in the life of Chinese Gordon is that soldiers he could array were neither very London parish, and the toll-taker of a turnwhich is the least known—his residence at efficient nor very courageous. Their want of pike gate. But these stray instances of the Travesend in the interval between China and courage he had frequently to supply by his vicissitudes of fortune will be less astonishing Egypt. We must tell it in Mr. Hake's own Fords:

own personal intrepidity. More than once it to most people than the fact that a multitude of

happened that he relieved garrisons of several well-to-do middle-class folks-solicitors, sur' His life at Gravesend was a life of self-sup- thousand men with his own body-guard of geons, and tradesmen—can maintain preten

resion and self-denial; to himself it was one less than as many hundreds. On one occasion sions to royal lineage. The truth is that the appiness and pure peace; he lived wholly he even relieved a panic-stricken garrison by descendants of the younger children of Edward xothers. His house was school and hospital himself alone! Nor was his visit to the camp I. and Edward III. were so numerous and sed almshouse in turn-more like the abode sa missionary than of a Colonel of Engineers or court of the truculent King of Abyssinia prolific that the blood of the Plantagenets is The troubles of all interested him alike. The less full of peril or less indicative of the proud now widely diffused through every class of the Du ver, the sick, the unfortunate, were ever wel- resolve of the man to see and do everything community, and royal descent is no longer any me, and never did suppliant knock vainly at for himself. There is no room to doubt that real test of social position. is door. He always took a great delight in it was the means of averting a war that could The first writer on this subject was sildren, but especially in boys employed on scarcely have failed to be most disastrous for Mr. Long, who published in 1845 what e river or the sea. ... One day a friend asked Egypt.

he intended to be an exhaustive list of all - why there were so many pins stuck into

With his return in 1879 from Egypt, those persons who are entitled by the laws of * map of the world over his mantelpiece; he as told that they marked and followed the where he had clearly foreseen the dangers heraldry to quarter the royal arms of England. arse of the boys on their voyages, that they that were coming from a mutinous and unpaid But he attempted no pedigrees, and his list is

moved from point to point as his youngsters soldiery, his public career may be said to have strictly confined to heirs and co-heirs of royal stranced, and that he prayed for them as they reached its latest incident of importance. It cadets. This book was quickly followed by wat day by day. The light in which he was is true that he was subsequently appointed The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and

by these lads was shown by inscriptions in secretary to Lord Ripon, and that he held the Wales, in two volumes, which were the joint


production of Sir Bernard Burke and his Robert Hardinge married at Highgate Chapel, may have suffered discredit through the want father. They contain some 250 pedigrees of on April 29, 1652, Anne Sprignell; and of scientific caution exhibited by some of its persons of royal descent, who were evidently their son, Gideon, the ancestor of Viscount advocates, and it may require to be modified selected on no other principle except that Hardinge, got his Christian name from his and supplemented as the field of comparative they were subscribers to the book. Mr. maternal grandfather, Gideon de Laune, the mythology is widened. But the evidence Foster's selection was probably governed by famous apothecary. "Gideon Hardinge was yielded by historically known mythologies similar considerations; but, however this may Vicar of Kingston-on-Thames by the presenta- cannot reasonably be set aside in favour of be, he has produced a book of much greater tion of his uncle Nicholas, who purchased in presumptions based on a miscellaneous study interest and value. His tabular pedigrees are 1691 the manor of Canbury, to which this of savage myths, for the most part imperfectly supplemented by a genealogical narrative, vicarage is appendent. Gideon's wife, Mary reported, and at best only known to us in with dates and details of every generation, Westbrooke, was baptized at Kingston, March a single stage of their development. for the fullness and accuracy of which he 4, 1669–70, and was buried there July 18, Mr. Brown does not, however, regard the deserves great praise. He gives in many 1705. She was the daughter of Caleb West-“ natural phenomena theory as supplying cases the paternal ancestry of families, as well brooke, Gent., from whom her son, Caleb the sole and sufficient key to the interpretaas their royal lineage ; and he assures us Hardinge, the Queen's physician, derived his tion of the Odyssey. On the contrary, he is in his Preface that every pedigree has been Some stress is laid on the origin of quite aware of the danger of misapplying tested, and no descent has been inserted these names, because it has always been a this theory in the explanation of incidents without sufficient proof. The result is that puzzle to the family how it came to pass that which can be accounted for by the poet's conhis pedigrees of Brackenbury and Woodford the son and grandson of a Cavalier knight ception of geographical facts, or by the are shorn of several generations of unproved were christened by such Puritan names as manners and customs of the Homeric age. ancestors who were accepted without question Gideon and Caleb.

He is even careful to note that the historical by Sir Bernard Burke. It is a marked feature Mr. Foster is less successful in ancient existence of Odysseus is not disproved by the in Mr. Foster's genealogies that they show genealogy than in modern, for it seems that he arguments which resolve his recorded wanderthe true rank and occupation of ancestors has still to learn the origin of the Nevills. ings into a series of nature-myths. Still, Mr. who are usually passed off in printed pedigrees His pedigree begins with Geoffrey de Nevill

, Brown is as firmly convinced as Sir G. W. as so many Esquires, so that his readers are the husband of Emma de Bulmer; whereas Cox that the true hero of most of the advenenabled to estimate the social position of each the founder of the family in England was tures ascribed to Odysseus is no other than generation, and to trace the varying fortunes Geoffrey's grandfather, Gilbert de Nevill, who the sun, and that the superhuman personages of the family as they gradually rose or fell. succeeded before 1114 to the five manors in with whom he meets are simply the actors

The account of the Tennyson family will Lincolnshire which Ranulf de St. Valeri held in the daily presented spectacle of nature. supply an interesting example. Lady Anne under the Bishop of Lincoln in Domesday. The soundness of this view must be judged Leke, a co-heir of the barony of Deincourt

EDMOND CHESTER WATERS. by the completeness with which it will and a lineal descendant of Edward III.,

account for those features in the poem which married Henry Hildyard, M.P., of Winestead,

otherwise appear motiveless and arbitrary. a Yorkshire squire of family and fortunc The Myth of Kirké; including the Visit of In several instances Mr. Brown's new applicaTheir son and heir, Henry Hildyard, turned

Odysseus to the Shades. By Robert Brown, tions of this principle of interpretation appear Roman Catholic, and was compelled to sell jun. (Longmans.)

remarkably successful. his patrimony after the Revolution in 1688. Mr. Brown's previously published researches Every reader of the Odyssey has been His son and heir, Christopher, was a profligate into the sources of Greek mythology have struck with the close general resemblance, and a spendthrift, who deserted his wife, and shown that the divine and heroic legends of along with some important differences, beleft four daughters and co-heirs slenderly pro- Hellas contain, intimately interwoven with tween the characters of Circe and Calypso. vided for, who were glad to marry husbands the original Aryan fabric, a large proportion The points both of likeness and of diversity of a lower degree. The second daughter, of elements derived, through Phoenician and find a clear explanation in Mr. Brown's hypoDorothy, married in 1719 George Clayton, a other channels, from the ancient religion of thesis of the nature of the two personages. Baltic merchant at Great Grimsby, by whom Babylonia. In the present volume he en- He considers that Circe is strictly the moonshe had several children. After his death deavours to ascertain the extent to which goddess, of Babylonian origin, though with an she married again ; and her second husband this foreign material is present in the stories Aryanname (meaning, according to Mr. was Ralph Tennyson, an attorney in part- narrated in the tenth and eleventh books of Brown, the “ Round” moon), while Calypso nership with his brother at Grimsby. Her the Odyssey, and to discover the meanings is a more purely Aryan conception, representdaughter, Elizabeth Clayton, married the originally underlying both the native and the ing the night sky with moon and stars. Mr younger brother of her stepfather, Michael foreign portions of these myths. Mr. Brown's Brown points out that the relations betweer Tennyson, an apothecary at Hedon-in-Holder- new volume displays the same ingenuity and the Babylonian lunar goddess Istar and the

Their son, George Tennyson, was bred comprehensive learning as are found in its solar hero “ Izdubar" closely resemble those to the law, and was partner with his uncles, predecessors. Even those who reject the between Circe and Odysseus; and in the who both died when he was only twenty- author's interpretation of the myths must legend of the “ Descent of Istar” he finds : seven. He continued and extended their busi- acknowledge the value of the book as an parallel to Circe's acquaintance with th ness, and further improved his fortunes by exhaustive summary of the facts which any under-world. A strong case is thus made out marrying an heiress. He acquired by pur- true interpretation must be able to explain. not only for the naturalistic interpretation o chase a considerable estate in Lincolnshire, on As the readers of the ACADEMY are aware, the myth, but for its derivation from a foreig which he built the mansion known as Bayon's Mr. Brown is a decided adherent of the theory source. In support of the latter conclusio Manor. He had two sons : but his eldest son, which regards mythology as having in the Mr. Brown adduces, among many other argu who was Rector of Somersby, and the father main originated in the attribution to personal ments, the correspondence between the pecu of the Poet Laureate, died before him: and, agencies of the recurrent changes of the liar orientation of the Babylonian temples an when he died in 1835, he made his second physical world. This theory, which was the distortion of the points of the compas son, Charles, his testamentary heir on condition originally based on the study of the Aryan observable in the Homeric geography. Ar of his assuming the name and arms of d'Eyn- mythology, has received powerful support other indication of Babylonian influence court. Mr. Tennyson d'Eyncourt sat in ten from the phenomena of the Accado-Semitic found in the southward voyage of Odysseus to successive Parliaments, and was a mythology revealed to us by the cuneiform wards Erebus, which Mr. Brown compares wit member of the Privy Council. He died in inscriptions. These two systems are to some the Accadian belief that the spirits of the dea 1864, and his son, Admiral d'Eyncourt, is the extent known to us in their historical develop- sailed down the Euphrates to their final hom present owner of Bayon's Manor.

ment, and we can trace them back to a time I cannot share Mr. Brown's confidence in h Mr. Foster has worked out the genealogy when the believers in the myths were still Accadian derivations of certain Homeric prope of the Hardinge family more thoroughly than conscious of some sort of connexion between names. Coincidence of sound, unsupporte it has ever hitherto been printed, but he has mythical incidents and the phenomena of day by historical evidence, is a very unsafe guid missed some few details which he will now and night, summer and winter, cloud, wind, in etymology. The suggestion of ai (moor be able to add in his next edition. Sir and sea.

The “natural phenomena theory" as the etymon of the name of Circe's islan



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