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From Grave to Gay: a Volume of Selections MR. ELLIOT STOCK announces for publication 2 with honours; in moral philosophy 4; in from the Complete Poems of H. Cholmondeley- a volume on Church Bells, by Mr. J. C. L. English literature 57, and 57 with honours ; Pennell. (Longmans.) The popularity of Mr. Stahlschmidt, a past-Master of the Founders' in natural philosophy 1; in education 47, and Cholmondèley-Pennell's volumes of light verse Company, who has devoted his spare time for 16 with honours; in political economy 10, and

3 with honours; in French 45, and 37 with (even though that popularity was largely due some years to accumulating information as to the illustrations) fully justifies him in issuing to the early bell-founders of London. He honours; in German 31, and 17 with honours; the present selection, which is illustrated only now gives the result of his labours in the first in Italian 1; in comparative philology 30, and with a portrait of the author-poet we may not part of the book, the second part of which will 1 with honours; in history 34, and 11 with truthfully call him. The book is a pleasant one be devoted to an account of the bells of Surrey, honours; in chemistry 3; in physiology 35, both to read and to handle, except that the The title will be Surrey Bells and London Bell- and 2 with honours; in botany 22, and 4 with paper is somewhat too thick for our taste. Founders. Much new and interesting informa- honours; in zoology 2; in geology 10, and

tion is promised from sources hitherto entirely 9 with honours; in Church history 1; and in

unworked, especially the Corporation Records Hebrew 1. Of the 363 candidates who entered, NOTES AND NEWS. at Guildhall.

81 have gained the title. The Committee of WE hear that the Council at Cambridge have MESSRS. HURST & BLACKETT will shortly scheme by which the honours standard may be

Senators have been empowered to draw up a resolved unanimously to offer to Prof.

George publish two three-volume novels—Gaythorne raised in future, either by adding to the number Stephens, of Copenhagen, the honorary degree Hall, by John M. Fothergill

, and Venus' Doves, of subjects necessary for honours, or by making of Doctor in Letters. been given in regular course during this week by Ida Ashworth Taylor.

certain important subjects obligatory, so as to to Mr. H. A. J. Munro, Mr. J. Peile, and Mr.

MESSRS. W. SWAN SONNENSCHEIN & Co. will bring the qualification nearer to the full M.A. Henry Jackson; but the present is the first publish very shortly a novel by Mr. Ulick degree. occasion on which this newly instituted degree J. Burke, entitled Couleur de Rose.

THE sixteenth annual meeting of the Society has been used to confer distinction upon a A NEW edition of Murray's Handbook to for the Encouragement of Home Study was stranger. The time could not have been France, part i., is going through the press. held in London during three days last week, better chosen, when Prof. Stephens has crowned Many interesting, and valuable additions have The examiners reported on the work done by the labour of a lifetime by bringing out the been made, notably with regard to the Morvan, the young ladies during the year, and awarded third and last volume of his old Northern Runic the Jura, Franche-Comté generally, and the the prizes. Fresh papers of questions on Monuments of Scandinavia and England, together Vosges-regions little known, and yet so in- literature, theology, arithmetic, German, and with a popular handbook on the same subject, teresting to travellers in search of the pic- household hygiene were given. Applications which he may be said almost to have created. turesque. New plans have also been added, for admission should be made to the hon. sec. At Cambridge also this week the Rev. and many additions made to the Index.

retary, Miss A. C. Moore, Eltham. Mandell Creighton (for whom Oxford un- We understand that the work entitled My CAPITANE DUVOISIN has begun in the happily had no vacant place) has been ap- Bible, which Canon Boyd Carpenter, Bishop- number of the Revue des Basses-Pyrénées des pointed to the new Professorship of Ecclesi- designate of Ripon, recently contributed to the Landes a series of folk-lore legends, collezted astical History; and Mr. E. W. Gosse (who “Heart Chords” series, has already passed about 1830, which promises to be very valuable

. has no university of his own to reward him) into a second edition, while the same author's The Basque text is given, with a French transhas been elected by Trinity College to the “ Commentary on the Revelation,” contributed lation, Lectureship in English Literature vacant by to Bishop Ellicott's Bible Commentary, which the resignation of Mr. Leslie Stephen, who has been reprinted in a separate volume, is now

ORIGINAL VERSE. probably wishes to reserve himself entirely for in its third edition. his great English Biographical Dictionary, of

TWO MEDIAEVAL STUDENT SONGS. which we hope to see the first-fruits by the title of a volume by the Rev. J. Inches Hard Battles for Life and Usefulness is the

The Lover's Monologue. autumn. Hillocks, with an Introduction by the Rev. Dr.

Love rules everything that is : CAPT. R. F. BURTON is, we hear, putting the Walter Ć. Smith, author of Olrig Grange, which

Love doth change hearts in a kiss : last touches to his translation of The Thousand Messrs. Sonnenschein have in the press.

It

Love seeks devious ways of bliss : Nights and a Night. The first volume (fifty consists of three parts. The first and second

Love than honey sweeter, nights) is already copied, and the whole can be “ Battles to Live and Learn” and “ Battles for

Love than gall more bitter. prepared for print within a year. The version Usefulness ” —give an autobiographical record

Blind Love hath no modesties. was begun some thirty years ago in conjunction of the author's life and work.

Love is lukewarm, hot and cold;

The third with the late Dr. T. F. Steinhalneer, of Aden. part is a review of the roots and remedies of

Love is timid, over-bold; It will try to do justice to one of the most | London misery.

Loyal, treacherous, manifold. interesting of anthropological and ethnogra

Present time is fit for play: phical works, by being a verbatim et literatim MR. ALEXANDER ROBERTSON has a long

Let Love find his mate to-day:

Hark, the birds, how sweet their lay copy of the original, preserving all its technique, article in the May number of the English Law

Love rules young men wholly; such as the divisions of the nights and the Magazine and Review, on “The Conflict of

Love lures maidens solely: naïve and child-like plain-speaking of the Jurisdiction between the English and Scotch

Woe to old folk, sad are they! Arabic—a perfect contrast with the English of Courts," with special reference to the Orr

Sweetest woman ever seen, the present day. Of course, it will be printed, Ewing case.

Fairest, dearest, is my queen; not published, and the issue will be limited to MR. E. J. W. GIBB's translation from the

And, alas, my chiefest teen! subscribers. Turkish of “The Story of Jewād,” which we

Let an old man, chill and drear, MR. BEHRAMJI M. MALABARI goes on steadily by subscription through Messrs. Wilson &

have before announced as to be published Never come thy bosom near ; with his great undertaking of having Prof. Max

Oft he sleeps with sorry cheer, Müller's Hibbert Lectures “ On the Origin and M. Cormick of Glasgow, will be ready for dis

Too cold to delight thee:

Naught could less invite thee. Growth of Religion” translated into the prin- tribution in the course of next month. The cipal vernaculars of India. In addition to the price is seven shillings.

Youth with youth must mate, my dear.

Blest the union I desire;
Guzerathi and Marathi translations which we
THE June number of the Antiquarian Maga-

Naught I know, and naught require, noticed some time ago, we have now received zine will contain a continuation of Mr. J. H.

Better than to be thy squire. the translation into Bengali. The translation Round's paper on the vexed question of “Port

Love flies all the world around: in this case is the work of Rajanikanta Gupta, and Port-reeve.”

Love in wanton wiles is wound: the author of the History of the Great Sepoy THE June number of Sunday Talk will con- Therefore youth and maid are bound War, Studies in Indian History, &c. The ex- tain the opening chapter of a new story by

In Love's fetters duly. pense of the publication seems to have been Mrs. Oliphant, entitled “Elinor; an account

She is joyless truly entirely defrayed by the Maharani Shurnomaye. of “Another Carlyle Shrine,” by Shirley; a

Who no lover yet hath found ! A Bengali translation of Prof. Max Müller's paper by Prof. Nichol on "A Broad Church

All the night in grief and smart last work, India, what can it Teach us? is like- man;" and a poem by Prof. Blackie.

She must languish, wear her heart: wise advertised.

Bitter is that woman's part.
THE annual general meeting of the Educa-
A RECORD of the public life of Sir Henry Cole tion Society will take place on Thursday, May

Love is simple, Love is sly; will shortly be published by Messrs. G. Bell & 29, at the Memorial Hall, Farringdon Street,

Love is pale, of ruddy dye;. Sons. The story of his association with the at 8 p.m., when the president, the Rev. Dr.

Love is all things, low and high :

Love is serviceable, Prince_Consort in the successful inauguration H. M. Butler, will deliver his address.

Constant and unstable: of the Exhibition of 1851, and of his subsequent THE following is the official return of the Love obeys art's empery. connexion with the Department of Science and results of the L.L.A. examination of 1884 at

In this closed room Love takes flight; Art at the South Kensington Museum, will give the University of St. Andrews :-In Latin 11

In the silence of the night; the book an exceptional interest.

passed; in mathematics 4; in logic 12, and Love made captive, conquered quite.

To Flower o' the Thorn.

inequalities of the territorial tax in Spain, on a gusty day with my own eyes. They did. T'he blithe young year is upward steering;

pointing out confusions and abuses rather than start and slide in the sudden puffs of wind till Wild winter dwindles, disappearing:

suggesting remedies. Charro-Hidalgo y Diaz caught and stayed by the tether of their own The short, short days are growing longer;

gives a eulogistic review of José María de stalks--quite as true as Wordsworth's simile, and Rough weather yields, and warmth is stronger. Pereda, the best novelist of the Asturias and

more in detail. Since January dawned, my mind

of Northern Spain. Becerro de Bengoa de- 'A wild wind shook-follow, follow, thou shalt Waves hither, thither, love-inclined scribes, in an interesting paper, the subterra

win.' For one whose will can loose or bind.

nean canal of Orbo, by which the waters of a Suggestion: I was walking in the New Forest. A Prudent, and very fair the maiden ;

coal mine, once a danger and expense, have wind did arise and Than rose or lily more love-laden;

been utilised, by the engineer Señor Zuaznavar, * Shake the songs the whispers and the shrieks Stately of stature, lithe and slender ;

for a canal upwards of a mile in length, which Of the wild wood together.' There's naught so exquisite and tender :

conveys the coal to the nearest station, for the The wind, I believe, was a west-wind, but, be, The Queen of France is not so dear;

traction of the boats, and for working the venDeath to my life comes very near, tilation-at a cost of only £10,000.

cause I wished the Prince to go south, I turned If Flower o' the thorn be not my cheer.

the wind to the south, and, naturally, the wind

said 'follow.' I believe the resemblance which you The Queen of Love my heart is killing With her gold arrow pain-distilling;

note is just a chance one. Shelley's lines are not

TENNYSON ON THE PRINCESS.familiar to me, tho', of course, if they occur in The God of Love, with torches burning,

the 'Prometheus,' I must have read them. I Lights pyre on pyre of ardent yearning :

MR. E. S. Dawson, of Montreal, has brought could multiply instances, but I will not bore you, She is the girl for whom I'd die;

out a new edition of his study of “The Prin- and far indeed am I from asserting that books, as I want none dearer far or nigh;

cess,” prefaced by the following letter from the well as nature, are not, and ought not to be, Though grief on grief upon me lie.

Poet Laureate, which we reprint from the suggestive to the poet. I am sure that I myself, I with her love am thralled and taken, Critic:

and many others, find a peculiar charm in those Whose flower doth flower, bud, bloom, and waken; Sweet were the labour, light the burden,

"Dear Sir,—I thank you for your able and passages of such great masters as Virgil or Milton thoughtful essay on "The Princess.' You have

where they adopt the creation of a bygone poet, Could mouth kiss mouth for wage and guerdon ! No touch of lips my wound can still,

seen, amongst other things, that if women ever and reclothe it, more or less, according to their were to play such freaks, the burlesque and the

own fancy. Unless two hearts grow one, one will,

But there is, I fear, a prosaic set One longing! Flower of flowers, farewell !

tragic might go hand-in-hand. I may tell you growing up among us, editors of booklets, book

that the songs were not an after-thought. Before worms, index-hunters, or men of great memories JOHN ADDINGTON SYMONDS. the first edition came out, I deliberated with and no imagination, who impute themselves to the Note.—These songs are translated from the Car- myself whether I should put songs in between the poet, and so believe that he, too, has no imaginamina Burana. The originals are in Latin, of the separate divisions of the poem. Again, I thought, tion, but is forever poking his nose between the twelfth century.

the poem will explain itself ; but the public did pages of some old volume in order to see what he not see that the child, as you say, was the heroine

can appropriate. They will not allow one to say MAGAZINES AND REVIEWS.

of the piece, and at last I conquered my laziness Ring the bells, without finding that we have

and inserted them. You would be still more certain taken in from Sir P. Sydney-or even to use such Belgravia, noticeable from month to month that the child was the true heroine if, instead of a simple expression as the ocean roars,' without for Mrs. Cashel Hoey's suggestive and interest- the first song as it now stands, “As thro' the land finding out the precise verse in Homer or Horace ing novel “ The Lover's Creed,” is this month at eve we went,' I had printed the first song which from which we have plagiarised it. (Fact!)

“I have known an old fish-wife, who had lost doubly worth attention, for it contains an eight- sitting on the bauk of a river, and playing with two sons at sea, clench her fist at the advancing Vliss Clementina Black's “ Moonlight and broken thro'—the child is borne down by the how I hates to see thee show thy white teeth!? Floods."

flood—the whole village distracted-after a time Now if I had adopted her exclamation and put it THE Deutsche Rundschau has some “ Studies the flood has subsided--the child is thrown safe into the mouth of some old woman in one of my on Goethe," by Herr Wilhelm Scherer, which and sound again upon the bank, and all the women poems, I dare say the critics would have thought it are all to the point and deal with definite are in raptures. I quite forget the words of the original enough, but would most likely have

advised me to go to nature for my old women and problems concerning Goethe's writings. Herr ballad, but I think I may have it somewhere. von Sarburg begins an appreciative study of

"Your explanatory notes are very much to the not to my own imagination, and indeed it is a strong

purpose, " Alessandro Manzoni,” and Herr Curtius gives parallelisms. They must always recur.

and I do not object to your finding

figure. Here is another little anecdote about

A man suggestion : When I was about twenty or twentya pretty sketch of “ Athens and Eleusis." la Chinese scholar) some time ago wrote to me

one I went on a tour to the Pyrenees. Lying In the Revue historique M. de Grammont saying that in an unknown, untranslated Chinese among these mountains before a waterfall that

comes down one thousand or twelve hundred feet, begins a series of “ Etudes algériennes” which poem, there were two whole lines of mine, almost

I sketched it (according to my custom then) in are likely to be of general interest. The first is word for word. Why not? Are not human eyes a careful study of the rise and activity up to all over the world looking at the same objects, and these, words : Slow-dropping veils of thinnest

must there not consequently be coincidences of lawn.'. When I printed this a critic informed me modern times of the Algerian Corsairs-a sub- thought and impressions and expressions ? It is that “lawn' was the material used in theatres to ject frequently alluded to, but little understood. scarcely possible for anyone to say or write any imitate a waterfall, and graciously added, " Mr. T. M. R. Hammond publishes some documents thing in this late time of the world to which, in should not go to the boards of a theatre but to Prussia from 1763 to 1769, the period of the could not somewhere be found. But when you whether, if I had known how that effect was probearing on the relations between France and the rest of the literature of the world, a parallel nature herself for his suggestions.' And I had re-establishment of diplomatic relations after say that this passage or that was suggested by duced on the stage, I should have ventured to the Seven Years' War. THE Theologisch Tijdschrift for May (a double more, I wholly disagree. There was a period in publish the line.

“ I find that I have written, quite contrary to number) gives a varied choice of subjects, takes

rough sketches of landskip, &c., in order to my custom, a letter, when I had merely intended ranging from Mr. Spencer's and Mr. Green's work them eventually into some great picture, so philosophy (Hugenholtz) to the genesis of the I was in the habit of chronicling, in four or 'five Thanking you again for it, I beg you to believe me narratives respecting Aaron (Oort), the relation words or more, whatever might strike me as

very faithfully yours,

«A. TENNYSON. of John the Baptist and his disciples to Chris- picturesque in nature. I never put these down,

"Aldworth, Haslemere, Surrey, Nov. 21st, 1882. tianity (Hockstra), the Christology of the and many and many a line has gone away on the PS. -By-the-by, you are wrong about the Epistle to the Hebrews (Mayboom), and the north wind, but some remain-€.9.,

tremulous isles of light;' they are 'isles of light, origin of the Eucharist (Bealage). The second 'A full sea glazed with muffled moonlight.'

spots of sunshine coming through the leaves, and and larger half of Green's Prolegomena to Ethics Suggestion : The sea

seeming to slide from one to the other, as the pro

one night at Torquay, cession of girls moves under shade. And surely is considered to be a more vigorous defence of when Torquay was the most lovely sea-village in

the 'beard-blown' goat involves a sense of the the author's standpoint than the first. With England, tho' now a smoky town. The sky was

wind blowing the beard on the height of the the reserve indicated, Dr. Hugenholtz ranks the covered with thin vapour, and the moon was behind ruined pillar.” book among the most valuable fruits of recent it. lihilosophic thought.

A great black cloud

Drag inward from the deep.' Ix the Revista Contemporanea for April, Rod

SELECTED FOREIGN BOOKS. riguez Villa begins a valuable History of the Suggestion : A coming storm seen from the top

GENERAL LITERATURE. campaign of the Archduke Leopold in Flanders of Snowdon. In the 'Idylls of the King': in 1617; the present chapters carry the account

With all

BRENCI, G. Majolika-Fliesen aus Siena 1500-50. Text

v. J. Lessing. Berlin: Wasmuth. 20 M. down to the surrender of Armentières, May 30.

Its stormy crests that smote against the skies.' CHEFS D'OEUVRE de l'Orfèvrerie hongroise ayant figure Don Ramon L. de Vicuña treats of "The Sub- Suggestion : A storm which came upon us in the à l'Exposition de Budapest 1884. Budapest: Grill.

300 fr. ject of History," which is defined as “ the rela- middle of the North Sea.

DAUDET, Alph. Sapho : Mours parisiennes. Paris : tions of man to God, to nature, and to his "As the water-lily starts and slides.'

Charpentier. 3 fr. 50 c. fellows."

DOHME, R. Barock- u. Rococo-Architektur. 1. Lfg. Señor Barzanallana discusses the Suggestion : Water-lilies in my own pond, seen Berlin : Wasmuth, 20 M.

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Paris : Hachette.

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Guizot, M., Lettres de, a sa Famille et à ses Amis mythology, however, are not the same; and, if however it may have arisen, had become quite recueillies par Mme de Witt.

some of our conclusions are similar, it is because senseless, was, when Thompson wrote, falling into 3 fr. 50 c. MALOT, Hector. Marichette. Paris : Dentu. Cfr. we have drawn from common sources, more disuse, and in 1845 the then Mayor of Cork by MARIO A., Scritti scelti o curati da Giosuè Carducci. especially Prof. Max Müller. But the incor- proclamation forbade its continuance. Mr. Halli

. RAUNIÉ, E. Chansonnier historique du 18° siècle. rectness of his reference to my book makes well (Nursery Rhymes, ed. 2, p. 248) notices the T. 9. Paris : Quantin. 10 fr. me doubt whether Sir George Cox has not words there sung; while on February 4, 1846 (ag

same practice in the Isle of Man, and gives the SAND, George, Correspondance de. T. V. Paris :

confounded Calmann Lévy. 3 fr. 50 c.

my
work with some other.

appears by the Literary Gazette, p. 131, of the 7th

2. The statement that I have charged of that month), Mr. Crofton Croker drew attention SOMMERVOGEL, C. Dictionnaire des Ouvrages anonymes

et pseudonymes publiés par des Religieux de la Herodotos with making himself responsible for to the subject at a meeting of the British Archaeo. Compagnie de Jésus depuis sa Fondation

jusqu'a the truth of the tale of the phoenix, whereas he logical Association, and it was stated that a similar nos Jours. Paris : Palmé. 30 fr. TISSOT, Victor. La Police secrete prussienne. Paris : "distinctly disclaims all responsibility.” for it, custom existed in Pembrokeshire, where, on Dentu. 3 fr. 50 c.

has been borrowed by Sir George Cox (and Twelfth Day, a wren was carried from house to HISTORY, ETC.

Prof. Jebb) from Mr. Verrall. Mr. Verrall, house in a box with glass windows, surmounted CAVALLABI, S. . C., e A. HOLM. Topografia archeo- however, never took the trouble to look at my by a wheel to which ribbons were hung. Sonnini

logica di Siracusa. Palermo: Tip. dello Statuto.
80 L.
note on the passage, or even my previous refer- (Voyage dans la Haute et la Basse Egypte

, i., p. 18 OIOTTI GRASSO, P. Del Diritto pubblico siciliano al ence to the fact on p. xxii. of the Introduction. mentions a like ceremony practised a century ago, Tempo dei Normanni. Palermo: Tip. dello Statuto. Had he done so, he and his followers would towards the end of December, at La Ciotat

, near FENNER, H. Zwingli als Patriot u. Politiker. Frauen- never have confounded the legend about the armed with swords and pistols

, and their victim feld: Huber. i M. 60 Pf. FLEISCHFRESSER, W. phoenix, which Herodotos tells us he derived

was slung to a pole borne, as if it were a heavy burgs in der Zeit a. dreissigjährigen Krieges. II. from others, with the tale of the phoenix, which load, on the shoulders of two men, who paraded

the Greek writer gives on his own authority. the village, and then, after gravely weighing it in FUCHS, C. Geschichte d. Kaisers L. Septimius Severus. The same tale had been already told by a pair of scales, all (present] gave themselves up to GILLES, J. Les voies romaines et massiliennes dans Hekataeos, the authenticity of whose fragments festivity.

le Département des Bouches-du-Rhone. Paris : has been long ago proved by Wiedemann “It is for antiquaries to throw light on the origin

Thorin. 7 fr. 50 c. LALLEMEND, M., et A. BOINETTE. Jean Errard, de against the doubts of the Continental critics of this widely spread custom, of which mång

Bar-le-Duc, premier Ingénieur du très chrestien which have been reproduced in the Edinburgh unsatisfactory explanations have been attempted.

Roorde France et de Navarre Henry IV. Paris : Review. I imagined (wrongly, as it seems) that It has been ascribed to a wren which, alighting on SEINECKE, L. Geschichte d. Volkes Israel. 2. Thl. Herodotean critics in this country were ac

a , Vom Exil bis zur Zerstörg. Jerusalems durch die quainted

with the results of the discussion. seventeenth century. Others refer it to a similar

Protestant troops in the Irish civil wars of the WERTHEIMER, E. Geschichte Oesterreichs u. Ungarns Now, as Wiedemann remarks in regard to the incident some centuries earlier in the wars of the

im ersten Jahrzehnt d. 19. Jahrh. Leipzig : Duncker phoenix (Geschichte Aegyptens, p. 86), & Humblot. 8 M.

Danish occupation of Ireland. Others say that PHYSICAL SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY.

"It is impossible to assume that Hekataeos and the wren was an object of so great veneration to

Herodotos, whose visits to Egypt were separated the 'Druids' that the early Christian missionaries BOUILLIER, F. Etudes familières de Psychologie et de by so many years, could both have received the enjoined its persecution upon all adherents of the

Morale. Paris : Hachette. 3 fr. 50 c. HOPPE-SEYLER, F. Ueb. die Entwi kelung der physi- same false information to their enquiries about new faith. Any speculations would here be futile

, ologischen Chemie u. ihre Bedeutung f. die Medicin. things perfectly well known in Egypt; they must though one cannot but be struck by some coin. Rede. Strassburg: Trübner. 1 M.

rather have copied the one from the other, since cidences. The wren, in the first line of the Irish LEHMANN, F. X. Einführung in die Mollusken- both related the same tale, and the copyist can song, is called the king of birds. The Pembroke.

Fauna d. Grossherzogt. Baden. Karlsruhe: Braun.
2 M. 80 Pf.
only have been Herodotos.”

shire ceremony was, or is, performed on Twelfth LUNDSTROEM, A. N. PAanzenbiologische Studien, I. This proof of my Die Anpassungen der Pflanzen an Regen u. Thau. which is singled out by Sir George Cox, is a

“unfairness” to Herodotos, Day-the feast of the Three Kings—and the biri Upsala : Lundequist. 9M.

was also spoken of as the king. The common PACHER, D., u. M. Frhr. v. JABORNEGG.

name of the bird, shared to some extent with the Flora v: good sample of the criticism with which my golden-crested wren, in most European languages, Kärnten. 1. Thi. 2. Abth. Klagenfurt: v. Klein- criticism of the Greek historian has been met. Basiliskos, Regulus, Reyezuelo, Reatino, Roiteler, Laan, mayr. 6 M. PHILOLOGY, ETC.

Ex hoc disce omnia.

A. H. SAYСE.

könig, Ellekonge, Winterkoninkje, and so forth–z]] CESARI, P. Storia della Musica antica. Milan: Ricordi.

assign to it the kingly dignity. These names 3 L.

probably are connected with the old and well. DE CARA, C. Esame critico del Sistema filologico e

HUNTING THE WREN." linguistico applicata alla Mitologia e alla Scienza

known fable of birds choosing for their king that delle Religioni. Prato: Giachetti. 6 L.

Magdalene College, Cambridge: May 16, 1894. one of them which should mount highest in the MUELLER'S, K. 0., Geschichte der griechischen Literatuur bis aut das Zeitalter Alexanders. Fort

I am very glad to see that this very interest- air. This the eagle seemed to do, and all were gesetzt v. E. Heitz. 2. Bd. 2. Hälfte. Stuttgart: / ing subject has attracted notice once more, for ready to do him homage, when a loud burst of Heitz, 6M. I am sure that much light has to be thrown song was heard, and perched upon the eagle's head

, , and , Deutg. der Prodigien. Landsberg-a-W.: Schaeffer. der etruskischen Haruspices., I. Zur Erklärg: u. / upon it before it can be understood. Perinit had been borne aloft by the giant. In England

me here to reproduce the following extracts the story does not seem to have had hold, and, so VIERKE, R. De un particulae cum indicativo con- fourth edition of Yarrell's British Birds (vol. i., favourite, it is nearly everywhere known to us by

from the history of the species as given in the far from ascribing royal qualities to our little junctae usu antiquiore. Pars 2. Schleiz: Lämmel. 1 M. pp. 465, 466):

the humbler name of 'Kitty' or 'Jenny' Wren." “The curious custom of 'hunting the wren' has CORRESPONDENCE.

Some parts of the foregoing extracts may be been mentioned by many writers, but little can be added to the accounts of it given by the late Sir it would be a great satisfaction if anyone could

new to the readers of the ACADEMY ; and to me Henry Ellis in his notes to Brand's Popular Antiqui. Queen's College, Oxford: May 17, 1851. ties, (ii, p. 516), and by Thompson [Nat. Hist

. point to any reasonable explanation of this very Ireland, Birds, i., pp. 319.52]; though, from its curious and doubtless very ancient custom, for Sir George Cox's letter in the last number of practice obtaining in countries far apart, it is most such must be deemed one that, without reason, the ACADEMY admits of an easy reply: sikely of much greater antiquity than has been able cause assigned, extends from the shores of

1. There is only one chapter, not chapters,” often supposed. "It seems to have been first noticed the Mediterranean to those of St. George's on Comparative Philology and the Science of by Charles Smith in his State of the County of Cork Channel.

ALFRED NEWTON. Religion,", not "Myths and Mythology,” in ii., p. 334, note), published in 1750, as followed in my Introduction to the Science of Language. I the South of Ireland, and subsequently by Valcannot have plagiarised from Sir George Cox in lancey (Collectanca de Rebus Hibernicis, iv., No. 13, THE “SWÍNBEORG

OF KING ALFRED'S WILL this, as when the chapter was written I had not p. 97). On Christmas Day boys and men, each

Weaton-super-Mare: May 15, 1884. using two sticks--one to beat the bushes, the other read a page of his book. If I have plagiarised to fling at the bird-went out in a body to hunt

In King Alfred's will (Pauli, Life of Alfred

, from anyone, it is from myself, in my Principles and

kill the wren, which, from its habit of making p. 409), we find that an arrangement as to the of Comparative Philology, published eleven years but short Hights, was no doubt soon done to death destiny of certain lands was made by Ethelred ago. Sir George Cox's Mythology of the Aryan | On the following day - the feast of St. Stephen- and Alfred at a Vitenagemote at Swinbeorg. Nations remained known to me only by name the dead bird, hung by the legs between two hoops, Has this place been identified? I had com: until

my Introduction was passing through the crossed at right angles and decked with ribbons, jectured that the name is found in that of press and I was preparing a list of selected was carried about by the 'wren-boys,' who sang a Swanborough hundred in Wilts; but I was works for recommendation to the student. As song, beginning Droeilin, Droeilin, ri ant-eum' I then found that it contained a good deal of (that is, Wren, Wren, king of birds'), and begged In Mr. G. Laurence Gomme's Primitive Folkwhat seemed to me to be questionable matter, money to bury the wren.* This ceremony, which, Moots (Sampson Low, 1880) I read (p. 108):I added a note of warning as regards the use of it. On p. 670 of the new edition of his book I for the Erse words of the song above quoted. In by the side

of the road between Woodboring

“ The Rev. R. Nicholson kindly informs me that he could not sustain but only of arriving at version,"a isung in the county Cork, is given, three ash-trees of no great age, but which is of copying from him-a charge, indeed, which character, &c. i., pp. 23-25), the entire English ford Bruce, is a hillock on which grow the similar conclusions. Our theories of comparative together with the musical notes of the time."

possibly spring from the site of an old tree. It is

SIR GEORGE COX ON THE RETORT OF

PLAGIARISM,

a

8 p.m.

M. E. Mascart.

illed "Swanborough Tump,' or 'Swanborough 8 p.m. Civil Engineers :"Wood Pavement in very remarkable document which I here print, shes. The name of the hundred is Swanborough; WEDNESDAY, May 28, 8pm. Society of Arts : “ Primary with a translation, is one of the title-deeds of d within the memory of an old man, who died

Batteries for Electric Lighting," by Mr. I. Probert. Westminster.” It did not follow from this few years ago, courts used to be held there."

8 p.m. Geological.

Society of Literature : A,,Critical statement that Westminster was the present There is the original register of Alfred's Abbey Examination of the Character of Macbeth,” by Mr. resting-place of the original. More than one • Winchester containing the will ? That part

the MS. is said to be of about the date of Thrones pox: May 28 Pimy prokal Institution : " Flame enquirer has failed to trace it. After Kemble, 028. It would be interesting to ascertain the

8 p.m. Society of Arts.

Mr. Thorpe printed it in his Diplomatarium xact reading. But surely the Swinbeorg 8 p.m. Educational : Presidential Address, by (1865) with this note :-"Unfortunately, I where Ethelred and Alfred stood must be FRIDAY, May 30, 8, p.m... Society of Arts : “Street | have not been successful in finding the MS., wanborough Tump, and from that important Architecture in India," by Mr. C. Purdon Clarke.

gp.m. Royal Institution : "Les Couleurs,” by authorities at Westminster.” This uncertainty

notwithstanding the good-will of the Lands 100t-hill the hundred took its name. - Alfred at Bedwin, Pewsey, and Alton passed SATURDAY:) May 31: 3. p. 111. Boynton stitution : “Micro- is now dissipated; among the facsimiles of y his will to his eldest son and heir, Edward,

the Ordnance Survey the document lies before nd these doubtless contained within their Younds this very Swanborough Tump.

us in good condition and in the unmistakable HENRY GEORGE TOMKINS.

SCIENCE.

lineaments of the tenth century.
The

Exeter documents
Facsimiles of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts. famous as having figured largely in the

are historically Photozincographed by Col. A. C. Cooke. Dissertatio Epistolaris of George Hickes FTNERAL SURVIVALS IN SOUTH-WEST FRANCE.

With Translations by W. Basevi Sanders.
Sare, par St-Jean-de-Luz: May 16, 1881.

(1705)—a treatise which first gave a critical In the ACADEMY of May 10, p. 329, the

(Published by Authority.)

Þasis to this study. It is singular that following note of Eugène Pelletan on the death In this second part of the “Anglo-Saxon Kemble added nothing to Hickes's informaof Louis XIV. is quoted with approval:- Manuscripts” we do not find a series of tion about these Exeter deeds Perhaps he " Lorsque le peuple apprit la mort du grand original charters like those in the first part, assumed that Hickes had exhausted that roi, il alluma un feu de joie à chaque carrefour, which contained the Canterbury documents, deposit; he does not appear to have visited et il improvisa une farandole.". I do not deny the best set in existence anywhere out of the the archives at Exeter; he simply adopted the feeling of relief at the death of the King ; but I cannot think that the funeral- or death - British Museum. But if this volume gives us those deeds which he found printed in Hickes, fire at the cross-roads was “ un feu de joie.” a more mixed collection, it is not on that and thus left several remarkable documents The custom is still kept up in parts of France, account the less useful. The benefit of good unnoticed, some of which are now published especially in the South-west. "It is dying out, facsimiles of undoubted originals consists in for the first time. Six of the Exeter deeds and is nowhere universally observed, but it is this, that it authenticates the forms of drafting are concerned with land in Cornwall, and still usual in the parish from which I write ; the deeds and of penmanship for certain periods, these preserve many old Cornish place-names, mark of the last such fire on the road close by and affords à sound basis for the criticism which will probably supply new and welcome is hardly yet obliterated. I have endeavoured of other deeds, whether purporting to be material to the Celtic philologist. to get at the meaning attached to the ceremony, but without much success. The most common originals or only honest copies. This is the

It is an excellent feature of Mr. Sanders' reply is that it is done " pour prier;"

every advantage to be derived from a select series work that he furnishes the previous literary passer by the lighted fire is supposed to say such as the first part of the “Ordnance Survey history of each document, with the necessary à “ paternoster” for the benefit of the deceased; Facsimiles" and the four volumes from the references not only to Wanley, Hickes, Kemble, in one case a stone was said to be thrown by British Museum. But such choice examples and Thorpe, but also now and then to local cach on to a heap at the north-eastern corner form altogether but a small proportion of this historians who have published them or conof the cross-roads. In the minds of some the

“ diplomatic” literature, which fills the six tributed to their illustration. He has also fire itself seems to constitute the essential part volumes of Kemble, and of which there exists brought together some valuable information some regard more the cross-roads, and will perhaps enough to fill two volumes more about the persons and estates concerned, by light the fire only on such spots, others are not The present volume is characterised rather by which light is thrown either on the transso particular about this; and many do it simply mixture than selection, so that it presents a action itself or, where the transaction is from habit. The straw-stuffed mattress usually sample of what may be called high average doubtful, upon the motive of the documentary supplies the material, but not invariably; in quality. Thus an opportunity is afforded to fabrication. An illustration of this is afforded the towns only a very little straw is burnt. the student of exercising that discrimination by No. ii. of the Westminster series. This This, I think, shows that the fires lighted at for which former publications have supplied purports to be a grant by Offa, in 785, of the the cross-roads at the death of Louis XIV. elementary and guiding principles.

cstate of Aldenham to St. Peter's, Westwere not necessarily “feux de joie." Of analogous survivals in South-west France,

The volume contains fifty-four documents, minster. As penmanship, and for general the saint whose image was placed at the end of which the first eighteen belong to the Dean composition, it is a very skilful work, which of bridges in Guyenne was invoked to proside and Chapter of Westminster; these are fol- might easily be mistaken for a writing of the at a birth. Witness the well-known hymn sung lowed by seventeen from the Dean and eighth century; but the grammar of the by Jean d'Albret at the birth of Henri IV.: Chapter of Exeter; the remaining nineteen Saxon part betrays the man of the thirteenth

“Nousté-Dame deü cap deü poun." being from ten different proprietors, among century; and, when Mr. Sanders informs us The latest writer on the Basques, l'abbé which five from the library of the Earl of that there was litigation about this estate in Haristoy, the first volume only of whose Re- Ilchester form the largest single contribution. 1249, the history of the piece becomes pretty cherches historiques sur le Pays-basque (Bayonne, The facsimile No. vii. of the Westminster clear. But any inference we may draw 1893) has appeared, admits that his former documents clears up a doubt which hung applies only to the history of the writing parishioners in La Soule practise a kind of

over the fate of one of the most remarkable before us, and does not touch the question of obscure worship of trees in times of trouble. of the worship of stones, of offerings and pieces of Saxon antiquity. Mr. Sanders very right. prayers addressed in caves and holes to fairies, justly describes it as “one of those curious A still more important instance occurs I have known instances both among Basques narratives concerning property that are not among the Exeter charters. There are in and Gascons; and older documents contain unfrequently met with among the Anglo-existence five documents purporting to be traces of many other similar survivals of former Saxon charters.” But there are very few grants of land by King Athelstan to the religions. WENTWORTH WEBSTER. extant pieces which equal this one for interest. church at Exeter, and all bearing the im

It is a history of the personal vicissitudes of possible date of 670. They are not by any

the previous owners of the two estates of means such contemptible documents as so APPOINTMENTS FOR NEXT WEEK.

Send and Sunbury, and how those estates absurd an error might seem to imply. Moxnes, May 26, Pramon Societ poft Azteen Cantor...os consequently came through Dunstan into the Though condemned by Hickes, they were Prof. W. Noel Hartley.

possession of the church of Westminster. partially vindicated by Kemble; one of them Tuesday, May 27, 3p.m. Royal Institution; "The This record was first published by Mr. has even been justified as to its substance by

of Nerve and by Prof. Gamgee.

Kemble in 1857 in the Journal of the the discovery of the genuine deed for the 8p.m. Anthropological: "Remains from Ceme. teries in the Island of Antiparos," hy Mr. Theodore Archaeological Institute. Mr. Kemble died same transaction. Here Mr. Sanders brings Fonte: The Koeboes of Sumatra," by Mr. H. before the proofs were revised. All that he in a quotation from Domesday, which speaks Forbes; The Osteology of the" Koeb.es of Su- had said about the original was this :-" The of documents submitted to the Domesday

'by Dr.

370

canon.

THE EDITING OF MEDIAEVAL TEXTS.

surveyors at Exeter, that will in all prob- is to be understood by a critical edition. He not quite understand how he could, on four or ability help to give the required clue to the asserts that an edition is critical or otherwise five occasions, declare, in very distinct terms, history of this problematical group of writings. according as it satisfies a certain palaeographical that he agrees with me, and yet " consider These documents have been referred to

That canon may be of the utmost im- this question of orthography to be of no very not only by such historians as Kemble, Free- portance to the philologist, and for his sake, great moment.” I am contending (and I know

perhaps, to be followed. For the historical many agree with me) for the faithful reproducman, Stubbs, and J. R. Green, but also, lately, reader it may be rather a nuisance than a tion of all MSS., because several years' hard by Mr. Seebohm and Prof. Pollock, and other blessing. For the purposes of such a reader work on Mediaeval Latin has taught me the writers on the history of land tenure; and the palaeographer pure and simple is quite great value of such faithful reproduction, even hence it becomes a matter of increasing im- incapable of preparing a critical edition. A of so-called evident mistakes. I consider the portance that we should ascertain the relative critical edition to the historian is one edited by orthography to be of immense importance, even historical value of each piece in a collection a man who has made a study of the works of if only one language were concerned; but in which is of the most various quality. No- his author, of the thought of his time, and of the case of Mediaeval-Latin texts the orthothing contributes so much to a scientific basis knowledge, just as much as palaeographical for the study of Mediaeval Latin itself, but for

This graphy of the MSS. is of importance, not only of criticism as good facsimiles like those now detail, is needed to produce a critical edition; that of all the Romance languages, which, as before us.

J. EARLE.

and this knowledge is not wanting in Dr. we know, embraces a large portion of the Buddensieg Does Mr. Hessels think that English tongue. It is some comfort to know

without this study the palaeographer can be a that Mr. Poole is, indeed, of opinion that MSS. CORRESPONDENCE.

critical editor? Would he not be the first to should be faithfully adhered to, and, so far, we

assert that such a man ought not to venture on agree; but, when it comes to stating our London: May 17, 1884.

a mediaeval text ? What would he think, for reasons for adopting such a method, Mr. Poole Mr. Hessels having misunderstood the pur- example, if an editor attempted, say; one of the gives no reason whatever for his opinion, and port of my last letter to the ACADEMY, I ven-chief philosophical works of Wiclif

, following mine (the study of palaeography and philology) ture again to trespass on your space.

Mr. accurately the spelling of his MS., but abso- he “ considers to be of no very great moment." Hessels is apparently indignant that I still lutely ignorant of the philosophy of Wiclif's This is not, I think, agreeing with me. Howpersist in terming Dr. Buddensieg's TViclif a

time, perhaps even of the contents of Wiclif's ever, there is no immediate danger, as Mr. critical edition. He would have us believe that greatest philosophical work, the Trialogus ? Poole's text will satisfy, I believe, all reasoncritical scholarship is purely a matter of palaeo- Such a thing is possible, albeit improbable. able demands. And I may, perhaps, hope that, graphy. Now, the historical student is, as a

Would Mr. Hessels consider that such an editor when Mr. Poole has made the enquiries which rule, perfectly indifferent to philology; he reads could produce a critical edition ? Let him I invited Dr. Buddensieg to make, we shall a text for the thought or facts which it con- admit that something more is required to pro- arrive at a more complete agreement than seems tains, and not for its word-forms. He wants a

duce a critical edition than a mere mechanical to exist between us at present. readable text, whence he can easily draw the reproduction of the MS. There is a scholarship

J. H. HESSELS. sense of his author. I am quitě ready to which extends beyond, though it ought to inadmit the importance of philological study; clude, the art of palaeography, and that scholar

Frenchay Rectory, Bristol: May 10, 1884. I am quite content that Mr. Hessels and other ship is an absolute necessity for all editions In editing ninth- to eleventh-century MS. philologists who want mediaeval texts edited which are to be critical for historical purposes. material for the Clarendon Press, chiefly the in one fashion rather than another should fill The existence of that scholarship in Dr. work of Anglo-Saxon and Irish penmen, I columns of the ACADEMY with indignant pro- Buddensieg has produced—to use the expres- ventured on a deviation from the MSS. not test till they attain their end. The historical sion of Mr. Poole—a “work of signal merit," mentioned by Mr. R. L. Poole in his letter in student can look on with perfect indifference for which every historical student will be grate- the last ACADEMY, and, therefore, I suppose so long as the success of Mr. Hessels and his ful. The Wyclif Society may be congratulated not adopted by him; I mean the introduction fellows does not mean that the labour of read- if they obtain editors who in any degree ap- of capital letters after full stops. This seems ing mediaeval texts will be seriously augmented. proach the same standard. KARL PEARSON. to me to flow naturally from the first of his But there are two points in this controversy

two admitted exceptions—the alteration of the which do affect the historical student. First,

Cambridge: May 17, 1884.

original punctuation. With regard to all other if mediaeval texts are to be edited verbatim Mr. Poole has done well, I think, in quoting capital letters, I faithfully followed the eccentrifrom the MSS., all forms which are calculated the identical words he wrote in the Modern cities of the original scribes, omitting them to puzzle the ordinary reader should be accom- Review regarding the editing of the Wiclif before proper names, and inserting them in panied by explanatory foot-notes, or rather, for volumes, as the extract quoted by Dr, Budden- their capricious and uni

inmeaning, though rare, easier perusal, the ordinary form put in the sieg suggested an opposite method to that appearances at the commencement of other and text and the MS. eccentricity in the foot-note.

which he publicly advocated. I may perhaps ordinary words. It is to be hoped that we may Mr. Hessels seems to make light of the diffi- be permitted to say a few words more, which, shortly have in England, what Dr. Buddensieg culties presented by orthographical (sic) eccen

I trust, need not give rise to further correspond- states that they have already in Germany, tricity to the historical reader. Now, if I ence.

generally accepted rules, laid down by some mistake not, he once told me that he would, if

When I wrote my first letter of March 29 central literary authority, to regulate these and he could, reproduce even the MS. abbreviations (ACADEMY, April 12) I did not know on what other details. The modernisation of the orthoin the text. In other words, he would publish particular Wiclif work Mr. Poole was engaged. graphy in certain past volumes of the Rolls much such a text as the early printer did; I had received, through the great kindness of Series, and in such present undertakings as Mr. every abbreviation and every eccentricity of the Mr. Furnivall, proof-sheets of two Wiclif works W. de Gray Birch's Cartularium Anglo-SatorMS. before him would be reproduced, regard- now in the press (De civili dominio and De incar- icum, seems to me to detract considerably from less of sense and regardless of the difficulty of natione Verbi), and had always been under the the value of those publications. perusal. If I do not misinterpret Mr. Hessels’ impression that the first was edited by Mr.

F. E. WARREN. views, he would vastly prefer Otto Brunfels' Matthew, the latter by Mr. Poole. As these edition of the Trialogus, with its mediaeval proof-sheets showed, I thought, that these two spelling, to Lechler's, with its classical Latinity. editors faithfully adhered to the words and CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LATIN LEXICON. Yet the historian who wishes to study life and spellings of their MSS., or recorded in a foot

Edinburgh : May 5, 1884. thought, and not spelling, would undoubtedly note any reading of the MS. or MSS. which The following list of Latin words not found declare for Lechler. Mr. Hessels may perhaps they felt compelled to reject for the text, I in our latest and best Latin Lexicon, that of assert that one text is as easy to read as the felt at liberty to tell Dr. Buddensieg that this Profs. Lewis and Short-and the list is by other. For him, possibly; personally, I had was the true method of editing “critically.

exhaustive spent hours over à page of Brunfels' edition Dr. Buddensieg's own method I called a bad down in the course of my reading for Prof. before I became aware that Lechler's text was one, with which we were already more "fami- Wölfflin's complete Latin Thesaurus, shortly

to far more readable. All I ask is that the task liar" in this country than he imagined.

be published. The books read were the Comof the historical student shall not be made too

It now turns out that Mr. Poole has in hand mentaries on the New Testament (ed. Migne) hard for the sake of the palaeographer. Palaeo- the De civili dominio, and Mr. Harris (also of of that by no means out-of-the-way writer, graphy, albeit an important art, is but the Oxford) the De incarnatione Verbi. The remarks Jerome. The list may be useful in showing handmaiden of history, and her first duty is to I have made must, therefore, refer to these how far we still are from perfection even in a make things easy for her mistress. The mere two editors, not to Mr. Matthew, who has just branch of study which has been more industripalaeographer can only produce a text inferior informed me, to my great regret, that he, ously and continuously pursued than perhaps to the worst photograph, the historical student objecting to the strange" spellings of his any other. And it may also be interesting to wants more than that. This brings me to my Mss., has altered them, and is not able to go the many careful students among your reades second point with regard to Mr. Hessels' pro- over his work again to rectify this.

who may like to enrich the margins of their test; that is its extremely narrow view of what

Mr. Poole will, no doubt, pardon me if I do own copies therewith.

no

means

an

one-was jotted

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