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pathies which regulate even his most elemental of the past. But, so far as Mr. Harrop's enjoying the family estates and of acquiring flights. An intellectual aëronaut, he carries information is concerned, the only acknow other landed property, it was not long before fact and experience as ballast. Speaking in ledgment of the assistance which he has his ungratified ambition impelled him to the one of his former poems of Socrates, he says, received from the writer in the Albemarle strongest opposition to the Whig Minister. " The great wind of the human spirit blew

Street review is a scanty reference in a foot. There was, says Bolingbroke's latest biograThrough this Greek soul,”

note. Such a neglect must damage the pher, no ingratitude in such conduct. The We may take these words and apply them to general opinion of an historian's labours. It two-thirds " reversal of the attainder was himself with propriety. “The great wind of creates a doubt whether the omission is not only wrung unwillingly from Walpole, and the human spirit” blows through him; it is due to his desire to acquire a reputation for the third portion could not be obtained from resonant in his verse ; and who will deny that originality to which he is not legitimately him either by personal adulation or by offers genuine poetry comes only when the poet is entitled ; and such a conclusion is particularly of political support. Some of the brightest as a pendulous wind-harp to that wind?

undesirable in this instance, as à careful pages of Mr. Harrop's study will be found to WILLIAM WATSON.

examination of Mr. Harrop's volume will lie in his characters of the less prominent furnish conclusive proofs that he has studied men of light and leading at this era. He

the politics of Queen Anne's age with laud- takes especial pleasure in setting forth the Bolingbroke: a Political Study and Criticism. all his conclusions as articles of faith. We motives by which his conduct was animated

able zeal. It may not be possible to accept talents of Shrewsbury, and in guessing at the By Robert Harrop. (Kegan Paul, Trench, may, for instance, question the correctness of when he depressed the Whigs, or displaced & Co.)

his view that “the management of the navy Bolingbroke from power at the death of the There is much to attract and there is much was the weak place in Godolphin's Ministry.” Queen. He brings out the important part to repel in Mr. Harrop's work. Its main The aim of that Minister and his colleagues which Hanmer played in defeating the aims principles will probably draw forth the un- was to strike home at the French King with of his old friends, which seemed to indicate qualified approbation of the majority of his all their force through his frontiers towards any aversion to the Hanoverian succession. countrymen, but even those who are prepared Flanders; and they cared but little if, whilst But the least-known of all Mr. Harrop's pets to yield their assent cannot but confess their this took place, the baggage of a Secretary of in politics is Arthur Moore, the financier. To regret at the presence of some serious draw- State was carried into Dunkirk. But the Moore he recurs again and again, until at backs. Many of its pages are written with exploits of the navy under Godolphin's Ad- last he bursts out in a special foot-note—these clearness of style and with terseness of ex: ministration presented a happy contrast to notes seem to contain the most recent conpression, and in their perusal no feeling of those of the Ministry which sent out the clusions of Mr. Harrop’s study-with the dissatisfaction arises to mar the reader's enjoy- ill-fated expedition to Quebec. We may remark that "a Life of Moore, written with ment. Not unfrequently, however, he finds doubt the propriety, in discussing Walpole's adequate knowledge, would be a most interhimself confronted, to his dismay, with sen- financial measures, of implying that to him is esting contribution to the secret history of tences of portentous length and ambiguous due the consolidation of the State's obliga- the eighteenth century.” If this is the conmeaning; and this defect becomes doubly tions into a general three per cent. stock - viction of Mr. Harrop, a feeling of duty to annoying when it follows on the recollection of a measure which he defeated when it was the world should urge him to undertake the many passages—as, for instance, those on the brought forward by Sir John Barnard, and task at once; and we would hope that on its position of the essayist and pamphleteer in the which he left for his successors to carry out. completion we may be able to praise the time of Queen Anne-which are expressed But, when every deduction is made, the fact result without reservation. with clearness and liveliness. If, as will remains established beyond doubt that this

W. P. COURTNEY. probably be the case, Mr. Harrop should volume is not the result of a few hours' perfollow up this study of the brilliant Boling- functory_skimming of modern writers. broke with similar essays on other statesmen Mr. Harrop discusses the measures and of the same period, he will increase the principles of Bolingbroke with a keen sym- Goethe.- Götz von Berlichingen. Edited by number of his readers, and add to their happi- pathy for the policy of the Whig statesmen

H. A. Bull. ness, by reducing his style to greater sim- of the period; but with no deep-rooted plicity. A latitudinarian divine once pointed prejudices against their Tory opponents. The Teine --Selections from the Prose Writings. out to Queen Caroline, the wife of George II., oft-debated Treaty of Utrecht is, as might be

Edited by C. Colbeck. (Macmillan.) a fault which he wished her to correct. The expected, analysed with thoroughness and to those who desire to see the study of Queen expressed her thanks for the advice, unsparingly condemned in its main pro- modern languages take its place as a sister but intimated her desire to know which was visions; the tortuous methods by which the discipline by the side of that which has the second fault that she ought to remove; clandestine negotiations with the French King hitherto claimed exclusively the title of Whereupon the covrily minister “smiling put were carried on, and the inadequacy of the classical” study, the appearance of these the question by” with the remark that he terms obtained, in consequence of these under- volumes is in itself an encouraging sign. should be happy to tell her when he found hand intrigues, by the allies of England have They are the work of two Englishmen-men that the first was corrected. With this ex- never been laid bare with greater force than of high university training and standing, and ample before him, Mr. Harrop may plead in this volume. But even after this ex- masters in great public schools. They appear that one defect is sufficient for å single haustive exposure of a peace of which no one in a series with the expressed aim of issuing reviewer to point out, or for a biographer to could feel proud, though most Englishmen select works of the best modern authors, with correct, in writing his second book. But, in were wearied unto death of the contest which Introductions and notes “based on the latest spite of this plea, we venture to point out the it ended, Mr. Harrop is sufficiently just to researches of French and German scholars.” second defect in his method of work, and that point out that the treaties were not " more This aim is further illustrated by the remark is the insufficient mention which he makes directly favourable to the exiled House that “it is now being felt that French and of the labourers who have ploughed in than the provisions agreed to at Ryswick by German, if taught on the same scientific printhe field of the Augustan era before him. William himself. He doubts even if cither ciples as Greek and Latin, are of hardly less The theory which he examines and ampli- of the Tory leaders during the Queen's reign value as an educational instrument than the fies in the opening pages is the theory which was really desirous of securing the restora- classical languages.” Mr. Colbeck refers in Lord Stanhope put forward many years ago; tion of the Pretender ; he only suspects that his Preface to the prospect of a modern lanbut the name of that courteous historian finds Bolingbroke regarded such a design as one guages tripos at Cambridge as a spur for no place in Mr. Harrop's criticism. It needed which might be forced upon him at some * the teachers who have long recognised not the evidence of a letter in a literary future period, and for which he must impress German as affording .. the linguistic journal to tell the world that any student of the Jacobites with the conviction that his heart training of which Latin and Greek have been Bolingbroke's varied career would naturally was in their cause. This is no isolated instance supposed to hold a monopoly." consult the articles which appeared in the of candour on Mr. Harrop's part. When With the views and aims thus set forth wo Quarterly Review a few years ago, and that Bolingbroke, with the sullen acquiescence cordially sympathise. We believe, too, that the conclusions of the essayist on the states of Walpole, 'found himself not only at liberty their realisation must be chiefly the work of man's conduct would influence his estimate to return from exile, but with the power of Englishmen-men possessed of influence in





the schools and universities, and qualified by relation, and the possessive pronoun is as hafter Kerl.” Nor does he appear to be aware their English training, and their objective little redundant as in the English “I that hospitieren is not slang, but a technical analytic study of the modern languages, to ruffled his frizzy hair for him.” In both academic term. Kneipen are not "drinkingunderstand and meet the requirements of the cases it has a peculiarly appropriate pos- bouts” (p. xxi.), but beer-houses. Nor can English student of the same. Hence we sessive force, " that of his." Mr. Bull we agree that Privatdocenten “correspond received these volumes, so to speak, with open shows, indeed, a curious leaning to mechanical fairly with our coaches';” they are proarms, and entered upon the examination of explanations and grammatical fictions, such fessors in spe, lecturing publicly by the licence them with something of sanguine expectation. as we had thought long ago dismissed to of the university, but without salary. P. 62, There is no escaping a frank confession that limbo. For instance, in the note to p. 61, 1. 24, Herr Johannes Hagel = Mr. John we have been a good deal disappointed. That 1. 35, the construction of gehe es wie es Smith.” Hagel is not a common surname; they do not lack good points of their own is gehe” is explained in a bracket (wenn nor can Mr. Colbeck's laconic note be accepted only what we should have expected from the geht, wie es gehen mag]. Surely such a style as an adequate explanation of the term “Hans” names of their editors. The experience of of elucidation is only confusion worse con- or“ Jan Hagel” (here ironically used by Heine the teacher has often added to the practical founded. Similarly, on the relative clause, in the form “Herr Johannes Hagel") for usefulness of the notes. To Mr. Colbeck, in einem . der sich in sie verliebt” (p. 39, the rabble or common herd. Some reference particular, must be conceded the merit of 1. 19), we have the remark, Wenn is might have been looked for to its most probhaving grasped his subject as a whole, with omitted.” Could anything be less “scien- able connexion with the popular and originthe life in it, and of having brought to his tific”? On expressions like "ein zwanzig ally mythological conception of hail as a task the literary versatility which is certainly Ritter," "vor ein sieben, acht Jahren,” &c., curse and pest, and thus a fit symbol to one of the necessary qualifications of an editor Mr. Bull's comment (p. 29, 1. 31) is, “ ein convey malediction and abuse. P. 27, 1. 25, of Heine. We purpose, however, to confine here etwa, and is undeclinable.” What “Haben Sie es schriftlich ?" has no reference our attention chiefly to the linguistic notes; should we say to a German editor who to “scriptural authority ;"

" schriftlich, " in and here we too often miss the accuracy of laconically commented on Ben Jonson's “a writing,' “ in black and white,” is familiarly scholarship, and the practical acquaintance two shillings or so," or Carlyle's “in a twenty used to express complete certainty-e.g., "Das with the results of philological research, years more," "a about”! P. 55, 1. 7, geb' ich dir schriftlich !" as a strong asseverawhich we felt justified in expecting from “ Das macht, sein Gewissen war schlechter tion. The meaning is simply an ironical books announced under such auspices. Nay, als dein Stand;

" Das macht das kommt Are you quite sure of that?" P. 30, 1. 29, more, we shall have to show that they contain daher, dass ...,

as in .. &c."

What can

“ Bücher worin die Vernunft von not a few serious and almost unaccountable result from such a note but the mystification ihrer eigenen Vortrefflichkeit renommiert," errors, such as might well give to the most of the learner (who is thus practically taught "supply wird.A finite form of sein or untrained of Germans teaching their native to read one thing and think another) unless haben as auxiliary may be omitted in a delanguage in England occasion to triumph over the simple explanation of this familiar con- pendent sentence, but not one of uerden. their English rivals, and to throw discredit struction is added, that das is accusative, the Renommiert is indicative present, “reason upon the German scholarship of Englishmen. following sentence—often a dependent clause brags of her own excellence."

" Absatz Let us proceed to look at a representative with dass or weil-being the subject ? haben” (p. 113, 1. 31), of wares, does not selection from the lengthy list of notes we Let us now turn to Mr. Colbeck's larger mean to “ run out,"' but = abgehen, to "go have marked for criticism. and somewhat more fully annotated volume. off,"

nor does Absatz here mean Mr. Bull must surely be a despiser of dic-We would again expressly remark that in “pause,” “intermission,” but “sale," being tionaries. In the note to p. 45, l. 18, he dwelling upon points where have a the corresponding substantive to the verb renders "gewachsen wie eine Puppe," " with controversy with him we pass over many absetzen, to “dispose of," "sell." ** Herzog a complexion like.” We should say " with a excellent notes, often, indeed, rather meagre, Ernst” (p. 12, 1. 19) is not “ the friend of figure (Wuchs, growth, stature) like." Back- but containing useful information tersely put. John Frederick, Elector of Saxony ...," but fisch (note to p. 60, 1. 4) does not mean With all Mr. Colbeck's sense of humour, he the hero of the well-known “Volksbuch" of “hoyden, ," "country girl," but is simply a has occasionally missed Heine's jokes in a the same name. We do not think that Mr. playful term for a still growing girl at the way that must amuse himself. He takes, Colbeck would have sought any fartherage when she is supposed to become interest- for instance, entirely en sérieux Heine's fetched explanation of Heine's Kaiseraktionen ing, sweet seventeen"

or earlier.

On humorous coinage Relegationsräthe. And (p. 131, 1. 18) if the old Haupt- und Staatsp. 73 Lerse says, “Von Jugend auf dien can there be any doubt that by fusstrittdeut- actionen, of which Heine was probably thinkich als Reitersknecht und hab's mit manchem licher (p. 118, 1. 18) Heine meant to indicate ing, had occurred to him. And has Mr. Ritter aufgenommen.” Mr. Bull's note is the itching desire of his feet to give the Colbeck any authority for the verb actionaufgenommen, 'taken service with.'" Is professor a kick ? On the other hand, we niren, 'to speculate with shares?”? We Mr. Bull really unacquainted with the familiar think Mr. Colbeck will find that his "later can nowhere find a trace of it, and are acphrase "es mit

Einem aufnehmen” (es = meaning” of wohlbestallt (p. 7, 1. 9), “ sleek,” quainted only with actioniren, "to bring an die Fehde, den Kampf, or the like ; cf. den “well tended,” is a ghost of his own imagina- action against.” To sum up briefly a few Handschuh aufnehmen"), to break a lance or tion, apparently conjured up by a mistaken other points upon which we are at issue with measure one's strength with someone, to etymology. On p. 34, 1. 9, • dann curiere Mr. Colbeck. Notizen are not " annotations," prove oneself his match, &c. ? P. 88, 1. 3, er sich mit nüchternem Speichel” is ren- but memoranda, notes jotted down; and 1. Alle Vortheile gelten " is translated “all dered “. . . with a diet of abstinence." We Heine's Notizenstolz is pride in undigested advantages tell," instead of “are allowed” have here, without doubt, a reference to the fragments of knowledge. Unhaltbarkeit is not or “lawful ”—just as in a game one player vulgar superstition which attributes curative “inconsistency,” but “ untenableness ; ' Gecries to another, “Das gilt nicht!” *P. 2, virtue to the saliva secreted before a man has staltenreichthum is not " wealth of literary 1. 24, ausgerieben is explained as "= durch- broken his fast. P. 44, 1. 29, “ Und sie (die form," but profusion of figures—.e., persons, prügelt;"

what Mr. Bull means is durchge- Kälber) wandeln stolz gespreizt;" gespreizt, characters. We do not think any German prügelt

. P. 12, 1. 16, "'s ist = es ist; South-striding.'» Spreizen never implies forward ever yet said " Mir ist am besten zu Muthe;" German dialect." Just as little as" it isn't” movement, but simply the spreading out, or while no one would hesitate to say

« Mir ist is South-English dialect. P.4, 1.5, "wann holding wide apart—e.g., of the legs or fingers; heute viel wohler." Nor can nach Geburt man sie nit bezahlt, thun sie dir keinen gespreizt is here used with adverbial rather Christi be admitted Streich ;”. ihm and not dir should strictly than verbal force, = mit gespreizten Beinen, for nach Christi Geburt. correspond to man.” Mr. Bull does not see indicating the awkward straddle of a cow's hordenweis, in which the first element is a that dir is the ethical dative : see his own cor- gait. P. 62, 1. 6, “ Kamel, according to the substantive

, this alone is in the genitive; rect remark on p. 128, l. 21. P. 21. 1. 3, great authority, the 'Burschikoses Wörter-weise is an original accusatire. We must “dem Polacken. dem ich sein ... gekräu- buch,' is student slang for 'a savage.'' Mr. confess ourselves to be quite puzzled as to selt Haar . . . verwischte ;” "sein is re- Colbeck seems to have no suspicion of the any connexion, etymological dundant, and we should have expected das.” fact that ein Wilder is itself a slang term for between "train-oil" and " in train,” the Mr. Bull is here fairly on the grammatical a student who is not a member of any Ver- French en train, from Latin trahere. Wt tread-mill; dem is a dative of interest or bindung, and then generally for a “philister- Colbeck will find his second and better thoughts

as correct German

In adverbs like

or otherwise


on Eins in Unsereins confirmed, and the whole and important industries by enabling many and heroine finally together when he matter made clear, by consulting Grimm's things to be brought to England which is a widower of forty-four, with a married Dictionary, iii. 255-57.

in the old days must have perished by daughter, and she is an old maid of thirtyFurther contributions to a second and re- the way. A striking example of this is nine. Her younger readers will naturally vised edition of these volumes might be afforded by the remarkable statistics of scout the idea as ridiculous, but it is much made, but we have reached the utmost limits the refrigerated meat trade. The splendid less absurd in the eyes of those to whom the of our space.

We have already indicated steamers of the Orient Line, some of which mature ages in question seem comparatively our persuasion that the elevation of the may at any time be seen in the Royal youthful. There is not a great deal of story, modern languages, and of German in par- Albert Dock, enable passengers to reach Aus- and we have to take most of the characters, ticular, to the character and dignity of a real tralia, a distance of twelve thousand miles, including the two who play the nominally "study” and instrument of intellectual in less than a third of the time which was leading parts, chiefly from the author's training, must in the main be brought about consumed on the voyage so lately as thirty account of them, rather than from what they by Englishmen, first as students, then as years ago. In 1808 the convict-laden ship are made to say and do. But two who occupy teachers and authors of text-books. But did well if she reached Botany Bay within minor positions in the story are very well those who undertake the task had need be on one hundred and fifty days from Spithead, sketched; and, much to Miss Craik's credit, their guard against under-estimating it. Few, and in 1850 the eager gold digger considered they are both men-Mr. Beresford, the genial, perhaps, are yet entirely free from the con- himself lucky if he was landed in his Vic- wholesome, sweet-natured old gentleman ventional idea about the modern languages, torian Eldorado within ninety days. Then rector, with no very great enthusiasm for his that they lack both the difficulties that try followed the age of clippers, which shortened calling, and conscious that he might hare the mettle of the student of Latin and Greek, the voyage still further, though seventy-five been more useful in some other rank of life; and the deeper-lying substance that calls days was still considered a rapid passage. and Jack Dallas,. the easy-going, bantering forth and rewards his patient and strenuous Now, however, a new era has dawned on the man about town, sound at the core, but a effort. Before what we are hoping to see history of ocean traffic; and, instead of ninety little bewildering to folk with little sense of can come to pass, it must be clearly recog- days? " imprisonment, with a chance of being humour. And yet the real pith of the story nised that real scholarship and sound work in drowned,” which used to be the lot of the is elsewhere, in the account of the wife a language like German demand the same Australian traveller, he spends one month in forced on Godfrey Helstone by irresistible prolonged and minutely analytical study, the a floating hotel which carries him through circumstances when his whole affection is same philological training and research, some of the most beautiful and interesting set on Joanne Beresford. Margaret Egerton, without which no one thinks of attaining scenery in the world, and so transforms the the girl in question, is depicted as good and distinction, or the right to speak with aspect of the voyage that he will not only be right-minded in the highest degree, as fairly authority, in “classical” scholarship. sorry when it is over, but will very likely well-looking, reasonably accomplished, and HENRY JAMES WOLSTEN HOLME. look back to the days spent at sea as among deeply affectionate, besides having consider

the pleasantest he has ever enjoyed. It is able wealth. But she is totally void of grace

worth mentioning that, since the Orient Line and charm, though without any failure in Illustrated Guide of the Orient Line of Steamers was opened in June 1877, upwards of ladyhood, slow-witted, impervious to humour,

between England and Australia. Issued by one hundred thousand passengers have been and a contrast at almost every point to the the managers, F. Green & Co., and Ander- carried to and fro at this marvellous speed quick, lively, and equally good and rightson, Anderson, & Co. (Maclure & Mac- with an immunity from accident to life or minded Joanne. There is real skill in the donald.)

limb all but total. How these startling way Miss Craik shows how even genuine

results have been attained, with much more goodness is not enough to satisfy the demands ALTHOUGH this sumptuous volume is modestly besides, is explained by Mr. Loftie and his of human nature in companionship, and yet entitled an " Illustrated Guide,” it is in colleagues in a very clear and entertaining that it is enough to prevent the union from reality a series of excellent articles on the fashion. A reference to the Table of Contents being actually unhappy, though it has someroute between England and Australia, the will, however, best show how varied is the thing of the sameness and insipidity of a whole forming a work of considerable lite character of the information afforded; and, diet consisting solely of gruel, however unrary merit. It is edited by the Rev. W. J. altogether, it is abundantly evident that impeachably wholesome. Loftie, who also contributes chapters on the neither trouble nor expense has been spared Kirby-in-the-Dale is a very crude book, mother country and on Egypt; and he has to make the book worthy of its subject. with some marks of literary faculty here and been assisted in the work of compilation by Thus, while its value to intending travellers there, but a deplorable lack of care and skill Mr. George Baden Powell, Commander T. A. can hardly be overrated, it will be almost Hull, Mr. H. E. Watts, formerly editor of equally indispensable to their friends at home, phetic, for we start with the fixed date that the Melbourne Argus, Dr. Charles Creighton, and may be said to mark a new and striking the hero, some thirty years old at the and other writers, all of whom are ac- departure from the old style of “guide-opening, was three years of age when the knowledged authorities on the subjects with books” of which it is difficult to speak too Indian Mutiny broke out, so that we are which they specially deal. The illustrations highly.


in 1884 at starting, and the narrative is are both interesting and artistic; and the

carried on for more than two years

farther. maps, diagrams, and astronomical plates give

Next, there is the mistake made of so describthe results of the latest scientific researches.

ing the ruins in the parish of Kirby as to It was a theory of ancient geographers that continents balanced each other, and George Godfrey Helstone. By Georgiana M. Craik. point definitely to Fountains Abbey as the Canning alluded to this in the well-known

In 3 vols. (Bentley.)

place intended, and of drawing a most unspeech in which he summoned "a new world Kirby-in-the-Dale

. By John Rye. In 3 vols. flattering portrait of its noble owner, not to redress the balance of the old."

as an incompetent public servant, put in a post But he (Sonnenschein.)

far beyond his abilities, but as a clever, but ill. little thought that within half a century from The Remarkable History of Sir Thomas Upmore, conditioned, person. The characters are all his day the remote island of New Holland, Bart., M.P. : formerly known as “Tommy conventional lay-figures, especially the hero as it was then called, would afford a home Upmore." By R. V. Blackmore. In 2 and heroine, both entirely commonplace, to three millions of colonists, almost all of vols. (Sampson Low.)

though he is intended to be the model intelthem of British birth or descent. The great Priest and Man; or, Abelard and Heloisa. lectual and active parson, and she a romantic Australasian colonies are, indeed, advancing with such gigantic strides that it is daily

By William Wilberforce Newton. (Griffith and highly wrought creature, all loveliness & Farran.)

and intellect. Another young lady, active, becoming more and more difficult to keep pace with them; and there is no doubt that My Ducats and My Daughter. In 3 vols. learned, clever, and practical, is set up as the facilities of communication afforded by (Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.)

a foil to this ethereal being; but we are told

that she has the faults of being ever so the enterprise of the managers of the “Orient Miss Craik has had the courage to do what slightly under-bred and vulgar, which detract Line” have encouraged, and will continue to a less experienced novel-writer would never from her admirable qualities.

This is so ; encourage, the growth of a variety of new have attempted-namely, to bring her hero but what the author has failed to observe is



that precisely the same fault attaches to all Radical majority is debating a Bill for sur-London newspaper office, true to the life the other ladies in his story, the ideal heroine rendering Gibraltar, Malta,

and Aden, and for And there are single passages where the herself and Lord Kirby's two daughters. dividing the fleet between France, Russia, and writing rises above its usual high level into The lack of skill in composition is chiefly the Irish Republic (late the Land League), something better still. Altogether, a noticeshown by an intolerably long monologue, in by flying up to a beam just under the ceiling able book. RICHARD F. LITTLEDALE. which the heroine discloses her life-secret to of the House, waring a small Union Jack, and the parson and the second young lady, in singing some verses of “The flag that braved," which she devotes as much space to de- &c. Whereupon the Radicals repent, and SOME VOLUMES OF VERSE. scribing the Paris of the Second Empire and walk into the Opposition lobby. There has all of the poems of the Poet Laureate that he the effect the scenery of Guernsey had on been nothing like this—we do not say in

cares to reprint-with the exception of his two her as to telling who and what she is and history, even when Feargus O'Connor's crow last dramas-are published in a single volume what happened to her. So, again, we are spoiled a peroration of Sir Robert Peel's, but at about six shillings. The complete works of told that the Hon. Misses Lawson, though in fiction, since, in Anti-Coningsby, Coningsbys Mr. Browning, according to a rough calculshigh-bred and graceful, are not pretty ; but at the close of a parliamentary debate, jump, tion, can only be bought in twenty-two volumes at the close of the last volume the elder is down Ben Sidonia's throat, and disappears at the price of about six pounds. For this con

trast there are no doubt good reasons, upon living in Brighton, the handsomest woman for ever.

which we do not care to dwell. Our present there; and whereas a good deal is made of

Priest and Man is by an American writer, object is to point out that Mr. Browningsecond marriage of Lord Kirby, and of the and even printed with American types, only rather Mr. Browning's publisher-has at last little boy whom the new

Lady Kirby thinks the title-page being English. The author has been induced to issue at a more reasonable rate the very end as the only son. Still, the book got hold of a good subject, and has evidently not the complete works, but the two series of been at the pains to read up some of the more ten years ago.

selections which the poet himself formed some is not by any means unreadable; and its

The Browning student, of interest lies neither in the characters nor in obvious and modern sources of information

course, will not be content with selections; but the plot, but in Mr. Rye's revelations of his touching Abelard, such

as Victor Cousin and the general public, which contains a vast number

Charles de Remusat. But he is not at home of Browning students in posse, has no longer own opinions and theories, and the sometimes

in the country or the period, and the book any excuse for saying that Browning is beyond vigorous language in which he expresses

with anachronisms, individually their means. If anyone must have but one them. Two examples will suffice :

trifling, it may be, but destructive of the local volume only, he will not do wrong in getting “One of the curses of England is the cheap colour expected from the writers of historical the first of the two. Messrs. Smith, Elder, & newspaper press. No more fruitful propagator novels. Thus he makes the twin towers of volume has been reduced from 7s. 6d. to 3s. 6d

. of crime and wickedness of every kind has ever Notre Dame visible a century before they existed. It is not too much to say that modern were built ; he puts a quotation from Isaiah w. Allingham.' Day and Night Songs, Nex

Blackberries picked off Many Bushes. By newspapers do more harm than is counterbalanced by any benefits that the discovery of into the mouth of a Gypsy fortune-teller; Edition.

(Philip.) Mr. Allingham's new printing has given to the world.”

a presumably Norman-French volume might have been called Everybody's

he makes Whether one agrees with this judgment or student applaud an Arabo-Egyptian singer Birthday Book, for there must be very nearly not, at any rate it is rigorously put, though that a priest at the beginning of the twelfth or verselets here put together, suited to many

“Viva la cantatrice !” he supposes three hundred and sixty-five little poems, verses, fellow's

apophthegm in “ Kavanagh,” speaking century might be known as Père Du Blois, minds and moods. The title, which sounds at of the United States—"This country is not and a middle-class woman as Madame Hil- first somewhat fanciful, is not altogether inpriest-ridden, but press-ridden.” The other dare, and that the Morgue and the juge de appropriate, although a fruit of more piquant remark is in a different key, and truer to paix (the latter an invention of Napoleon L.) these wayside reflections of a poet as he facts : were familiar institutions at the time. He journeys through life. A less rustic title

, too, thinks that Héloise got her name as "God's might have been happier, since in “Black"If the Arcadians are simple, it is because they child,” being

an orphan, and perhaps imagines berries" Mr. Allingham deals more with the have no opportunity to be vicious. I always a Hebrew root for it; the fact, of course, world of thought and action than with out-ofhave maintained, and always will maintain, being that it is the feminine form of the door life and country scenes. This little book that London is more virtuous than any country familiar Chlodowig, which takes so many is very interesting as a perfectly sincere, outvillage, allowances being made for oppor- allied shapes, and in all means "holy fame. spoken---some may perhaps say, too outspoken tunities." But some of the episodes in the stormy is no echo, of one who sees into the heart of things

-record of the daily cogitations of a mind which Tommy Upmore is the least successful work and there is movement in the subsidiary and under a careless guise are to be found

career of Abelard are described with vigour, for himself. It is, in many senses, a man's book; Mr. Blackmore has yet given to the world. He has, on the one hand, tried to make it story of his imaginary pupil, Felix Radbert, words of counsel, insight, and admonition, a political satire (a class of literature for so that, faulty as the book is, it is not with- utterances of a moralist who would fain see the

world wiser and better. Those who cavil at the which his genius is in no way adapted), and, out flashes of interest.

form of these verses (too short, too long, too on the other, the conceit upon which the My Ducats and My Daughter is a book of plain, too pointed, they are sure to be called by story, such as it is, turns, is a very frigid much higher quality than the ordinary novel one and another) should dwell on their meaning, one-the physical peculiarity of the hero, of the season. It is written in clear, flowing, A meaning is always there, and often put very defined as meiocatabarysm," or bodily light- idiomatic English ; the plot, without being happily. Take the following :ness, which enables him to scud before a trite and commonplace, is consistent and ' You cannot see in the world the work of the favourable wind, and even, some three four probable; there are three or four very well times in the book, to mount into the air and drawn characters in it, especially Mr. Ingleby,

Yet the Poet is master of words and words are

masters of men." fly. That Mr. Blackmore manages to say the narrow, rigid, conscientious Puritan, amusing things in his own quaint, if now supremely convinced that he knows better Here is a delicious epigram of quits other

kind :mannered, way is doubtless true; and that than anyone else, but as hard on himself as he does but express the sentiments of many on others. The speculator Arden, and the

“ Wine, good wine, is an excellent thing,

The vintner too often deserves to swing." of his contemporaries in his strictures on the able Liberal editor Mallory, with his private measures and policy of the present Govern- creed of Positivism, and his business-like Here is another :ment is true also. But his hand is not light recognition that it would not pay to bring it

“No banquet's ever to my wish, enough for satire, and Tommy Upmore actually into the columns of a London daily, are also

Unless the talk be the finest dish." reads as though it were a clever caricature of its good portraits, as is, in addition, Camilla A wise and witty little book, an earnest and a author's least admirable peculiarities, written by Arden, a complex nature, ably drawn. There merry little book, a truly original book, is someone with more humour than good nature is some very clever political writing in the this basketful of Blackberries. May it delecom The crisis of the story, to which all the pre- book (contrasting forcibly with Tommy Up

tate many! fatory details about the hero's buoyancy are more), and the humours of a Scottish election and Night Songs.

new and 'pretty edition of the popular Day meant to lead up, is extravagant without being are skilfully hit off.

How many years ago is it

There is also a vivid now since these first appeared? And although amusing. He saves the country, when the description of the interior arrangements of al in the interval new poets have come to the

Poet's pen,

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fore and made reputations, have they given fair with the text, and then follow on with the receive a new sonnet by Hartley Coleridge us anything sweeter or subtler than “ The Un- application. He must also come to the book with a good deal of pleasure, and think it known Beloved One," "The Mowers,” and with an inclination to be pleased, and then he vastly more valuable than the two playful "What is it that is gone we fancied ours" ? will be pleased. Here is a passage from an poems that Mr. Caine discovered in the Lake "Some power it was that lives not with us now, ode cautioning “Burnie Bee against certain country. We are sorry that Lord Hanmer's A thought we had, but could not, could not, hold. deadly flowers :

fine “Pine Woods” has not found a place, and Oh! sweetly, swiftly passed !-air sighs and " He who ventures close to them,

we are yet more disappointed to miss Longmutters,

Tho' he touch but to the hem

fellow's extremely beautiful “Nature.” There Red leaves are dropping on the rainy mould,

Of their garments as they sway

is reason to think that Longfellow considered Then comes the snow, unfeatured, vast and

Take your wings and fly away.

this sonnet the best of his shorter poems. white, Oh! what is gone from us we fancied ours?"

" All things fair will pall on him,

We are at a loss to know how an editor

All but their lithe stems grow dim, generally so discriminating could have printed Things New and old. By E. H. Plumptre. All but their buds pale and gray

Sydney Dobell's “No Comfort " and omitted (Griffith & Farran.) The sound scholarship,

Take your wings and fly away.

his magnificent "Army Surgeon.” We think wide humanity, and fluent verse of Dean

" And his soul-fire-crown'd and shod

Lord Beaconsfield's Wellington” is supePlumptre are well known; and in this little

Will go sorrowing like a God

rior to John Forster's "Dickens.” We are book of poems—"the autumn gleanings of

Fallen from the stars astray

sorry not to see Poe's “Silence," which, A vintage late"—they are all put in evidence.

Take your wings and fly away.”

although it has fifteen lines, is as certainly a The Dean's muse shows better in longer than in shorter poems; his verse is fluid and equable

Ishtar and Izdubar, the Epic of Babylon. Moreover, Mr. Main knows that the tail is

sonnet as Hood's poem on the same subject. and well-sustained; but it is little elaborated, Vol. I. By Leonidas Le Cenci Hamilton.

a legitimate addition to the sonnet in Italianand thus it is excellently suited for story: W. H. Allen) i Mr. Hamilton, has hitherto and why not in English ? We are disappointed telling. Of the tales in this volume" Adrastos

been known by his works on Mexico; he now that we cannot find Charles Whitehead's “ Even is the best; it is full of the pity and fear that comes forward as an archaeological poet. He

as yon lamp,” which is, in our judgment, come from watching the shadow of Ate darken- has endeavoured to reconstruct the ancient epic among the finest sonnets ever penned. Mr. ing fair lives. "The Emperor and the Pope” of Babylon, adapted, of course, to modern Main properly gives to s. L. Blanchard tells in smooth, rhyming octosyllables the story tastes, from the translations given by Assyrian "Hidden Joys,” which Lord Houghton was of Trajan and the importunate widow

and of scholars of the fragmentary tablets belonging tempted to attribute to Keats. The selection Gregory's intercession for his soul. Here is to it. With these he proves himself to be well from Rossetti is excellent, yet it includes the a fragment from it about the "angli angeli” :- acquainted, and to have studied them with sonnets on-Chatterton » and on “ Oliver

laudable zeal. How far he has been successful Brown,” both painfully laboured works, and "He saw and pitied; gems and gold,

in throwing them into a poetical dress it is excludes that on the Last Three at TrafalFrom out the Church's treasures old, In fullest tale of weight he told,

difficult to say. His rhymes are not always And gave their price, and set them free, perfect; he has an over-great partiality for

the gar,” which is, perhaps, as free, as lucid, and Heirs of Christ's blessed liberty. word “grand;”. and the way, in which he Main alludes to certain emendations by Mr.

as vigorous and impassioned as Milton. Mr. And now they followed, slow and calm,

introduces Assyrian and Accadian words into Hall Caine in Isaac Williams's sonnet "Heed Each bearing branch of drooping palm,

his verses is, to say the least, extremely odd. not a World” as disastrous; but Mr. Caine's Each lifting high a taper's light,

At the same time, the poem possesses both version was, at the time it appeared, the And clad in vestments pure and white; spirit and imagination; and, if it directs the

only one that rhymed and scanned, and And they with voices soft and slow,

attention of the literary world to the oldest it remains in all respects equal to Mr. As streams 'mid whispering reeds that flow, epic of which we know, it will not have been Main's later version. Arthur O'Shaughnessy's Still sang in mournful melody

composed in vain. That sad, unchanging litany,

" Her Beauty” is said to be from the poet's Three Hundred English Sonnets. Edited by posthumous volume.

It was 'O miserere, Domina.''

written for “Vasádavatta: a Buddhist Idyli,

David M. Main. " Chalfont

(Blackwood.) This little Sonnets of Three Centuries, and contains the S. Giles,” and “Bedford ”

book, which is tastefully got up as to printing corrections (from the rough draft which was
tales in blank and
binding, may be called

a condensed
edition all the author

left behind him) of the editor of verse, written with taste, but with a want of of the same editor's Treasury of English Sonnets. that book. Mr. Main gives us another long variety in the pause, and a tendency to recur Fresh sonnets are included, and the bulky notes note on Blanco White's " Night.” Touching a to well-worn phrases, such as “not for him " at the end of the line (we should not like to ered a very material addition, except as regards on one are omitted. The former can hardly be consid- good deal that has been said by other writers

'fatally disenchanting line" in that reckon up how many times “ chance and

the sonnets of Rossetti. The absence of the sonnet, we have recently received from Mr. change.” comes in the volume). The sonnets latter does not involve a very sensible loss. The William Davies, author of Songs of a Wayfarer, are all interesting. They have one great merit Treasury was an excellent library book, being the following emendation, which he remembers easily; but why do several of them end in an copious and accurate ; but it was overweighted to have seen in early printed copies of the

Mr. Main's notes were often valu- sonnet:Alexandrine? The best is that called "- Drift- able, sometimes highly suggestive, but nearly "Whilst flower and leaf and insect stood revealed.” and con of the Ritual question is argued

in two always unreadable. It was right to cut away Mr. Main should make a note of this. sonnets. The Church Association side rather sacrifice of all the contemporary work incithe notes; but, unhappily, this involved the

MR. WADDINGTON's English Sonnets by Living strays from truth when it speaks of “Prayers | dentally quoted therein. Mr. Main's general Writers (Bell) has, we are glad to see, reached in a speech that none can understand” and scheme has never seemed to us to be the best a second edition, and the editor has taken the " Teaching that neither heart nor brain em

Four of ploys." The "In Memoriam

available. By rigidly excluding the sonnets of opportunity of adding ten sonnets.

poems are numerous, but contain nothing noteworthy: book as speedily as possible on the top shelf. W. S. Blunt, and two by Miss Mathilde Blind,

living writers the editor did his best to put his these are by Mr. Theodore Watts, three by Mr.

We have also received from the same publishers new its grave faults, but this form of swift suicide edition. Mr. Watts's - Wood-hunter's Dream;" editions of two other volumes of Dean Plump- is surely not one of them. Mr. Main's three Mr. Blunt's, "To the Bedouin Arabs," and Miss tre's poeins-Lazarus and Master and Scholar.

hundred sonnets are on the whole well chosen, Blind's “The Dead” are valuable additions. l’nder a Fool's Cap. Songs by Daniel Henry, though we should say that the selection is rather We observe with some surprise that the reader jun. (Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.) It takes thot of a bibliographer than of a poet. We

is still informed by the Preface that the volume much wisdom, says the proverb, to make a have made memoranda of the omissions which contains only 178 sonnets--a statement which fool. At least it takes some pathos and some occur to us from our point of view. We like Mr. Waddington would find it hard to support. humour and some fancy and a ready gift of Mr. Main's selection from Shakspere and Spen- It is our misfortune, rather than his fault, that

at least two of his writers are rhyming; and these are gifts with which Mr. ser; we think he could hardly fail to satisfy us

no longer Daniel Henry, is certainly endowed. His with his selections from Milton and Words- | “living.” method is to take a nursery rhyme by way of worth; but we should have preferred Keats's Songs of Irish Wit and Humour. Selected text--some be quotes, we regret to see, from sonnet on the Elgin Marbles to that on Lean- by Alfred Perceval Graves. (Chatto & a revised version-and spin a poem out of it. der. We are glad to observe that Mr. MainWindus.) Though perhaps not quite so comWe have read these poems with a great deal has cut away Shelley's stanzas of the "Ode to plete así might be wished, this selection of of pleasure. In some cases, we have said the the West Wind,” and that he has promoted Irish songs is very welcome at a time when pathos is a little too ready, or the rhythm a Leigh Hunt's "Nile” to a place in the text. wit and humour" seem almost to have little too lame; but in many cases we have We are also glad that he has followed Mr. abandoned the country of Moore and Sheridan, been altogether pleased. The poems are not Hall Caine in giving George Eliot's "Brother of Lover and Prout. The political section is quotable in single verses ; indeed, they are and Sister,” and we wish he had followed Mr. specially weak, though for this we can but hardly quotable at all. The reader must start Waddington in giving Burns's "Thrush." We respect Mr. Graves's motive.

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