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Oberammergau Passion-play, the wood-carver, like task of filling up what he held to be the last

SELECTED FOREIGN BOOKS. Johann Allenger, died at the age of seventy- lacuna in his system. Of the twelve bundles one. He played that part with much skill for in which the MS. exists seven have now been BANVILLE, Th. de. Scènes de la Vie : Contes héroïques.

GENERAL LITERATURE, three successive decades—1860 to 1880. printed, filling about five hundred pages

Paris : Charpentier. 3 fr. 50 c.
the journal from March 1882 to the same date CAVALLUCCI, C. J. Manuale di Storia della Scultura,
in the present year. The editor, Dr. Reicke, DEJOB, Ch. De l'Influence du Concile de Trente sur la

Turin: Loescher. 6 L.
ORIGINAL VERSE.

prosecutes with praiseworthy exactitude his Littérature et les Beaux-Arts chez les Peuples
Tabour of deciphering and arrangement. His

catholiques. Paris : Thorin. 5 fr. 50 C. ON TWO PICTURES OF G. F. WATTS, R.A.

HAUPT, R. Die Vizelinskirchen. Baugeschichtliche reproduction of the ipsissima verba will enable

Untersuchgp. an Denkmälern Wagriens. Kiel : anyone to judge for himself of the value of Lipsius. 4M. Love and Death. these painfully reiterative lucubrations. The JULLEN, Ad. Paris dilettante au Commencement du

Siècle. Paris : Firmin-Didot. 7 fr. 50 c. Love, one while seen with wings of various dyes, only other philosophical papers of the year are MOLINARI, G. de. L'Evolution politique et la RévoluAn infant mischief, but a God withal,one by J. Witte on the new edition of Kuno

tion. Paris : Guillaumin. 7 fr. 50 C. Still changeth semblance with the changing call Fischer's Kant (a subject_already discussed

SALVISBERG, P. Kunsthistorische Studien.

1. Hft.

Stuttgart: Bonz. 3M.
Of human need; how have we known his eyes under another aspect by E. Arnoldt in the
Dark with the dire and passionate surprise;

THEOLOGY. number for December 1882), and an article on Of youthful sorrow, as the phantom tall, Shrouded in Death's impenetrable pall the Axioms of Geometry by Jacobson, which MOSEER, H. Die jüdische Stammverschiedenheit, ihr

Einfluss

Entwicklg. v. Judentum u. Forced back his portal, ruthless of his cries.

deals severely with a pamphlet of Pror. Benno Christentum. 1. Thl, Leipzig: Friedrich. 3 M.

Erdmann's under the same title. Some of the TARGUM. Onkelos. Hrsg. u. erläutert v. A. Berliner, Cold Death, that holdeth Love in such despite, archaeological papers are not so dry as the

Berlin : Gorzelanczyk. 10 M. Trampling his roses, leaving him forlorn,

above-mentioned catalogue of Königsberg The Lord of Love well knoweth to requite !

HISTORY. citizens. Prof. Bezzenberger attempts, with CUQ, E. Le Conseil des Empereurs d'Auguste à DioAnd you, Love's tyrant, have been made his

the help of the local names into the composi- clétien. Paris : Thorin. 7 fr. 50 c. scorn,

Urbain Grandier et les Possédées de Since in the dunnest shadow of your night tion of which enter the Old-Prussian and the LEGUE, G.

Loudun (1617-31'. Paris : Charpentier. 3 fr. 50 c. First unto Love immortal Hope was born.

Lithuanian words for hill and stream, to draw LENORMANT, F. La Grande Grèce: Paysages et Histhe dividing line between these two nationalities

toire. T. III. Paris : A. Lévy. 7 fr. 50 c.

REINACH, J. Le Ministère Gambetta: Histoire et in East Prussia. Prof. Prutz gives from Venice Doctrine. Paris : Charpentier. 7 fr. 50 c. Love and Life.

and Malta some documents (connected with SCHUENEMANN, O. De.cohortibus Romanorum auxHow beautiful upon the mountains are the Teutonic Order) which he came upon in the

iliariis. Pars 2. Berlin: Mayer & Müller. 1 M. 60 Pť. The feet of Love, beneath whose tread there course of his researches for the history of the

PHYSICAL SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY. Crusades. Pastor Rogge communicates a few BOGDANOW, M. grows

Conspectus avium imperii rossici. The verdure that is the herald of the rose; pages from a diary of events at Insterburg Fasc. 1. St. Petersburg. 3 M. And Life, in lead of Love, how art thou fair! during the Russian invasion of 1757; and there Haas, H. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der liasischen

Brachiopodenfauna v. Südtirol u. Venetien. Kiel : Thy soul, if tremulous, still brave to dare is an account (with some curious epitaphs) of Lipius. 12 M. The upward path, unwitting where it goes, the church of St. George at Rastenburg: The HARDY: E. Der Begriff der Physis in der griechischen And all in holy trust of Love who knows, proceedings of the Antiquarian Society are

Philosophie. 1. Thl. Berlin : Weidmann. 6 M.

PLESKE, Th. To climb at ease from doubt, at rest from care.

Uebersicht der Säugethiere u. Vügel der given with the usual fullness; and a list, drawn Kola-Halbinsel. 1. Thl. Säugethiere. St. PetersDear Love, that leadeth Life toward the springs up in part by Prof. Vaihinger, gives the biblio- burg. 4 M. 35 Pf.

RADDE, G. Ornis caucasica. 1. Lfg. Kassel : Fischer, Of Light, what darkness may o'erwhelm her graphy of Kantian literature for 1882. The

2 M. way,

first number of the journal for the present year ROSENBERGER, F. Die Geschichte der Physik in How dense the mist upon the mountain clings; contains, besides a large piece from Kant's MS.

Grundzügen. 2. Thl. Geschichte der Physik in der Though she may see thee not, be thou her aforesaid, at least two papers of more than THUEMEN, F. v.

neueren Zeit. Braunschweig : Vieweg. 8 M.

Die Bacterien im Haushalte d. stay, Lo the abyss ! take heed, she hath no wings, local interest. One of these gives ten Polish

Menschen. Wien : Faesy. 1 M. But hold her fast,-her feet will still obey. ballads (old and new) from the district of VIOLLE, J. Cours de Physique. T.1. Physique mole

culaire. 2. Partie. Paris: Masson. 13 fr. Masuren, accompanied by a metrical German WUERTH, E. Beitrag zur Frage der Urzeugung. EMILY PFEIFFER. translation; the other is a well-told history of

Wien: Faesy. 1 M. 20 Pf. the circumstances attending the outbreak of

PHILOLOGY. cholera at Danzig and Königsberg in 1831. BOEIITLINGK, O. Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer MAGAZINES AND REVIEWS. The narrative-in which the statesman Schön Fassung. 5. Thl. 1. Lfg. St. Petersburg. 4M. 20 Pf.

BREYMANN, H. Ueb. Lautphysiologie u. deren BeMR. W. CAREW HASLITT contributes to the stands out with honourable distinction-goes to deutung f. den Unterricht. München : Oldenbourg. Antiquary for May à very good paper on the show the folly of the policy of cordons and 1 M. coins of Venice, to which a continuation is isolation, and to support the view that this and BRINKMANN, F.: Syntax d. Französischen u. Englischen

in vergleichender Darstellung. 1. Bd. Braunpromised. We trust the second part may be en- similar epidemics can only be overcome by schweig : Vieweg. 12 M. riched with engravings. It is almost impossible permanent improvement in sanitary conditions. HILPRECHT, H. Freibrief Nebukadnezars I, Königs v.

Babylonien, c.

Mal verto follow any writer on numismatics, however

The principal articles in the Boletin of the öffentlicht, umschrieben u, übersetzt. Leipzig: lucid he may be, without representations of the Real Academia de la Historia for April are on

Fock. 3 M. objects treated of. Dr. Karl Blind continues

KRAUSE, G. A. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss der “ The Roman Inscriptions in the Diocese of Fulischen Sprache in Afrika. Leipzig : Brockhaus. his papers on Troy; they are well written, but Barbastro,” by Padre F. Fita ; and a review by contain, so far as we can see, little that is new.

Señor María Fabié, of Gachard's “Letters of SACOUNTALÂ, Drame indien de Calidâsî, traduit en Mr. Hubert Hall's article on “The Exchequer Philip II. to his Daughters," written from

Prose et en Vers par A. Bergaigne et Þ. Lehugeur.

Paris : Lib. des Bibliophiles. 3 fr. Game of Chess” shows much original study: Portugal; the reviewer gives additional par- WACERO... Ber

De Aetna poemate quaestiones Is is an important addition to the literature of ticulars from contemporary authors, and ex,

criticae. Berlin : Calvary. 4M. that royal game. But the paper which has given plains some few passages which M. Gachard

ZIMMER, H. Keltische Studien. 2. Hft. Ueber alt

irische Betonung u. Verskunst. Berlin: Weidmann, us the most pleasure is that by Miss Jessie failed to interpret. In the former paper, the

6 M. Young, on the “Legends and Traditions of text of the inscriptions, several of which are Mecklenburg." It indicates not only great new, seems to us to be more in accordance with research, but also very considerable powers of the elective heirship of the “derecho consue

CORRESPONDENCE. generalisation. We trust we may meet with tudinario” of Upper Aragon than with the

AN EXPLANATION. this lady again in the field of folk-lore. more purely hereditary heirship of the Basques,

Edinburgh: May 5, 18S4. THE Altpreussische Monatsschrift for 1883 has though females could inherit in either case. May I be allowed to interpose, in the indevoted half its space each quarter to two The whole article is of great interest. The

terests of peace, and with a word of editorial publications, representing the two main lines discovery of a Roman cemetery at Talavera de explanation, between two valued contributors of research to which its pages are openla Reina is also announced.

to the Encyclopaedia Britannica ? Prussian antiquities and Kant. The first of In the Nuova Antologia of April 15, Sig. Prof. Sayce complains that what he had these serial articles is an alphabetical list (run- Cagnoni publishes some interesting documents written on Pelasgians and Phoenicians was not ning through six numbers), drawn up by of Leopardi, which have been accidentally acknowledged by name in the article Greece" J. Gallandi, giving the birth, death,

and mar

discovered. riage register of the Königsberg families of

They consist mainly of twenty- | in the Encyclopaedia. May I ask him to re

Pensieri," and certainly deserve the member that in a very condensed general article importance during the two last centuries. The attention of those who are students of Leopardi's on a wide subject it is quite impossible to refer second is made up of four instalments of an writings.

to the literature bearing on special points ? "unprinted work of Kant from the last years

The utmost that can be done, in the class of of his life.” This is the Uebergang von den

articles to which “ Greece" belongs, is to refer Metaph. Anf. Grinden der Naturwissenschaft

to the author of any important new discovery zur Physik, the work in which the old man

which has not yet become general property. struggled, not without hope, with his Tantalus

The two points which Prof. Sayce particular

4 M.

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THE DEDICATION OF ADDISON'S ises are not of this last kind, and therefore he

WEDNESDAY, May 14, 8. p.m. Society of Arts: "Tel

pherage,” by Prof. Fleeming Jenkin.

ENGLISH POETS." may rest assured that no discourtesy towards

8 p.m. Geological: "The Pre-Cambrian Rocks him was meant. No doubt, when the writer in

Oxford: May 2, 1884. of Pembrokeshire, with Special Reference to the

St. David's District," by Dr. H. Hicks; "The Recent the Encyclopaedia cited a conjecture of Pischel's Mr. Courthope, in his Life of Addison in

Encroachment of the Sea at Westward Ho: North as to the origin of the name “Pelasgian," he

English Men of Letters, remarks (p. 30) Devon," by Mr. H. G. Spearing. derived his knowledge of that conjecture from that among Addison's Oxford acquaintance

8p.m.Microscopical: "The Minute Organisa.

tion of the Nervous System of Crinoids," by Dr. one of Prof. Sayce's instructive letters to the

was possibly the famous Sacheverell.” The P. Herbert Carpenter. ACADEMY. But Prof. Sayce was not the author reason for thus qualifying the statement is given THORSDAY, May 15, 3 pm. Royal Institution : " Flame

and Oxidation,” III., by Prof. Dewar. of the conjecture; and in like manner Prof. in a foot-note :

8 p.m. Chemical : "The Indices of Refraction Sayce, I fancy, at the time when the article “A note in the edition of Johnson's Lives of the

of Organic Substances," by Dr. J. H. Gladstone; "Greece" was written, was the latest English Poets, published in 1801, states, on the authority

Fluorene Derivatives,” by Mr. W. R. E. Hole

kinson; "Some Minor Researches on the Action of advocate of the theory which derives the Greek of a 'Lady in Wiltshire,' who derived her infor- Ferrous Sulphate upon Plant Life," by Mr. A. B. alphabet from Phoenicia, not directly, but mation from a Mr. Stephens, a Fellow of at tage Feroxis May 18, 9 p.m. Philological

: Anniversary

Griffiths. through the Aramaeans. But that theory was

, that

Meeting; President's Address, by Dr. J. A. H. far from new; and in 1878, the very year in Henry Sacheverell to whom Addison dedicated his

Murray.

9 p.m. Royal Institution : “The Dissolved which Prof. Sayoe's Contemporary article ap- Account of ine Greatest English Poets, was not the peared, it had been rediscussed in Germany by well-known divine, but a personal friend

of Addio SATURDAY, May 1993p.m. Royal Institution : “Micro

of Water," by Prof. Odling Profs. Wellhausen and Nöldeke. Nöldeke, i son’s, who died young, having written a History of

scopical Geology," by Prof. Bonney. think, brought conclusive arguments against the Isle of Man." the theory, and one is glad to know that it no

This suggestion seems to be at once disposed longer has the support of Prof. Sayce's ad- of by the fact that the author of the Account

SCIENCE.
herence.
W. ROBERTSON SMITH.

of the Isle of Man (London, octavo, 1702)
was William (not Henry, Addison's "dearest The Collection of Ancient Greek Inscriptions
Harry ") Sacheverell, “ late Governour of in the British Museum. Part II., Elited
Man." The book is dedicated to his kinsman by C. T. Newton.

and the head of his family, Robert Sachev-
SONGS ON ST. STEPHEN'S DAY.

erell, Esq., of Barton, in Notts, whose father's Tie first part of The Collection of Greek Queen's College, Cork: May 6, 1884. parliamentary career is eulogised. In the Inscriptions in the British Museum contained

Preface to the Reader he speaks of "my in- those found in Attika, and was edited by the With reference to the Rev. W. H. Jones's genious friend, Mr. Addison, of Magdalen Rev. E. L. Hicks. After an interval of nine interesting letter on the Magyar song on St. College ; ” and one chapter is entitled FarStephen's Day, it may be worth calling atten. ther Account of some Remarkable Things in this Newton himself, containing the inscriptions

years we have the second part, edited by Mr. tion to a somewhat analogous custom still kept Island, in a Letter to Mr. Joseph Addison." from the Peloponnese, Northern Greece, up in parts of Leinster on December 26. It is may add that Thomas Hearne, in a letter to Mr. known as " The Wren.” In the forenoon of Cherry, dated June 1, 1707, and preserved Macedonia, Thrace, the Kimmerian Bosporos

, St. Stephen's Day, the country lads go “hunt among the Rawlinson MSS. in the Bodleian and the islands of the Greek Archipelago. the wrên,” and, having killed their poor little Library, remarks of the author of the Account Under the last head, the short Preface tells quarry, proceed to enthrone it in the centre of a of the Isle of Man: “ This Mr. Sacheverel is us, “ all the inscriptions from the island of mass of holly and ivy fastened on top of a related to our Sacheverel in Oxon; I think he Kalymna, and most of those from Rhodes, broomstick. With this they sally forth in the is his brother [?], and appears to be a man Kos, and Lesbos, are now published for the evening, and, going from house to house, sing of Parts, and to have a head for English first time.” Part iü., edited by Mr. Hicks, the lines :

Antiquities."

C. E. DOBLE.

is already in the press, and will contain the “ The wran (wren], the wran,

inscriptions from Priene, Ephesos, and Iasos, The king of all birds, St. Stephen's Day

The patient determination to secure accuWas caught in the furze.

Trinity College, Oxford: May 2, 1834. racy of reading is as conspicuous in the pre-
Though she is little

In two respects
Dr. R. Deakin's book on this subject (1855) sent as in the first volume.
Her family is great,
So rise up, landlady,

enumerates 420 species of flowering plants and we note a decided improvement in the manner And give us a trate (treat]."

ferns as found on the Colosseum, and he seems of representing the texts. Restored or con

to think that the list must once have been jectured portions and letters are no longer One of the party is armed with a bag or tin richer. At the end of March and the beginning given in the uncial text, but are confined to can to collect contributions for their common

of April of the present year I found sixty-five the cursive transcript ; thus the uncial type feast. If a churlish householder refuse tribute, species on the ruins which I could name (beside the boys pluck off the feathers of the wren, and many which I could not

identify); and, as mine in their actual state ; and the cursive tran

as nearly as possible represents the originals scatter them before his door as a symbolic of these are not in Dr. Deakin's list

, they may script in every case 'immediately follows en malediction.

be , Ceterach While in Hungary the singers direct their Angelica silvestris; Veronica didyma ; Micro-bloc. In the former volume, as this was not visits chiefly to the newly married, in Ireland meria Graeca ; Allium multibulbosum (?); Antir- always done, comparison between original and every house alike receives their attentions. Thinum Siculum; Euphorbia peplus ; Geranium transcript was sometimes difficult. May, however, the allusion to prolificness of Dr. Deakin only records the typical G. Roberti- | together with a wood-cut. These are (i) the purpureum (v. Wood's Tourist's Flora, p. 71;

Of facsimile copies we have in all only sir, the wren be introduced as an expression of good wishes for the same blessings to attend the anum); and Lamium amplexicaule (the cleisto- dedication on the bronze helmet found at

landlady”? If this were so, it might not be gamic form; the ordinary one, though common unreasonable to suppose that originally the about Rome, I could not find on the Colosseum; Olympia in 1785– Túpy[ei]ou ávédev | zo Alfi Irish custom was confined to the newly married about Oxford the cleistogamic form is com- TÛV | Kopwoóbev (cxxxvii.); (2) a Laconian and afterwards extended. However, in the monest on walls). Dr. Deakin's text and index manumission-deed, which does not appear analogous case of the swallow song (xexidbrwua), give Rhamnus alternatus, but this must be a have been published before— 'Avéince I come which the Rhodian boys went about singing on misprint for R. alaternus. The book has many lIoHoda[v]: 1 cápns | Kleoyevî · l 'Egopos

.

ΠοΗοδα[v] | | Κλεογενή: "Έφορος, the return of the swallow in the month Boedro

other misprints. FRANKLIN T. RICHARDS. Δαΐοχος: ΓΈπάκολος) 'Αριoλύων (cxxxix.); mion (cf. Athenaeus, 360, C), they seem to have

the famous bronze containing the treats in levied contributions, like the Irish lads, from APPOINTMENTS FOR NEXT WEEK.

the Elean dialect, discovered by Sir W. Gell all alike. According to Liddell and Scott, a like practice is still popular in Greece. Athe- MONDAY, May 12, 8 p.m; Society of Arts : Cantor (clvii.); (4) the Corcyrean bronze, with the

Termentation and Distillation," I., by words Mollós ji åvéOnke (clxv.); (5) and (6), naeus, 359, likewise gives a specimen of songs Prof. W. Noel Hartley. called Kopwriquata, crow songs, and the word 8.30 p.m.,, Geographical : "The Region of the two Corcyrean bronze plates, containing kapwvícew=ts kopávy ayeipew, is said of strollers TUESDAE! May 13, p.m. Royal Institution of the acter (clxvi., clxvii.). These last two have

Upper Oxus," by Mr. Robert Michell

proxenia-decrees engraved in the Ionic charcalled Kopwviotal, who went about with a crow, Physiology of Nerve and Muscleby Prof. singing begging songs. With the Magyars

Gamgee.

: “

no special importance for the history of the bullock has taken the place of the swallow, nology of the Andaman Islands,” by Mr. E. H. Man; the Greek alphabet ; both of the bronzes crow, or wren which we find elsewhere. A The Osteology of the Natives of the Andamai have pediments, and in that of the former real bullock being somewhat more difficult to

Islands," by Prof. manage than a bird, they seem to have resorted

ment”om Timmers nine No: 5T'B. Balitang ithe distinctive symbol (rapđonuov or éxionou o

8 p.m. Civil Engineers : “The Antiseptic Treat is an owl between two olive branches, the to a substitute made of wood.

Progress of Upland Water through a Tidal Estuary,'

by Mr. R. W. Peregrine Birch. WILLIAM RIDGEWAY, 8 p.m. Colonial Institute Irrigation in Cey- decree was a citizen. The editor compares a

Athens, of which the person honoured in the lon-Ancient and Modern," by Mr, J. R. Mosse.

THE FLORA OF THE COLOSSEUM.

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similar case in the Olympian bronze con- date of the Lygdamis inscription of Hali- against the people of Kalymna. It appears taining the decree in honour of Demokrates, a carnassus, and is, so far as we know, the only to be “the only extant 'inscription which citizen of Tenedos (Arch. Zeit., 1876, pp. 177 example of an Ionic alphabet of that period. records the mode of procedure in a civil action and 184; Cauer, Delectus, 116). These in- Of inscriptions exhibiting a strongly marked and a statement of the case for the plaintiff.” seriptions, with the exception of the second, dialect we have several which already appear from the Kalymnian inscriptions in this the Laconian, have been edited before ; the in Boeckh's Corpus, such as the Elean bronze volume, together with another published in Elean bronze times without number. We and the Corcyrean bronze (clxvii.) cited above, the Journal of Hellenic Studies, ii. 362, naturally, therefore, turn with some curiosity and the Boeotian stele of Orchomenos (clviii.), Mr. Newton has made out the complete to the commentary and transcription. Mr. a document relating to the cancelling of cer- calendar of Kalymnian months, eight of which Newton reads Falelous, 'HpFaolous, ča, ovvéav, tain bonds. In l. 2 we note that the former are identical with months in the calendar of darpeüsuevov, in preference to the Falnios, reading 'Apxíapos is corrected to 'Ayxiapos, Rhodes and its colonies in Sicily. Of the two 'HpFaçois

, datpricuevov of Ahrens (Gr. Dial.,) and errors in the numeral sigla, repeated by longest Rhodian inscriptions, part of one, and ea, ouvelav of Ahrens (ì. c.) and the latest editor, Larfeld (Sylloge Inscr. Boeot., No. cccxliii., has been edited by Ross (Inscr. Rochl (Inscr. Graec. Ant., No. 110). We 1883, No. 33), are removed. Among the Ined., iii. 20, No. 274) and was copied by must content ourselves with noting (1) that inscriptions not previously edited, or, at least, him from one side of a stele built into the ča, ovvéay seem to us undoubtedly right; for not embodied in a collection, the following pavement of the church of St. John of Jeruthere is no reason to assume an error of the may be noticed as dialectally interesting :- salem, which had been converted into engraver, and in the inscriptions discovered one from Kalymna (ccxcix.), which contains mosque after the taking of Rhodes by the during the recent excavations at Olympia the forms such as Sikacréw (future), raptupev, Turks. The writing on the other three sides iota (= y) between vowels is sometimes TapeúvtWV, årrodedúkev (infinitive), and the was discovered by a singular accident—the written, sometimes not. Where, therefore, it apocopated form 'Aróliw (accusative); two explosion in 1856 of a powder magazine in is omitted in writing we have a right to Rhodian inscriptions (cccxlix. and cccli.) with the vaults under the mosque. So capricious suppose that it was not pronounced. The the characteristic infinitive forms éroe.non are the chances by which these remnants of luctuation may be perhaps explained by the μειν, εντί for εστί, έσίμειν (from εσίημι) for antiquity are preserved or lost. The entire remarkable dialectal variations, chronological éolévai (should not a word of explanation document is a decree of the people of Rhodes or local, exhibited by the inscriptions coming have been given ?), exéuelv for ékeival, with reference to the subscription to a loan on from this confined area (cf. ein, Katlapаúpele, repißolußwoal for repuoißwoal; lastly, a the occasion of some great emergency, which col=ein, MÝTTLATOEÓVTWV, TOLF éol); (2) if in the decree of Carpathos (ccclxiv.) with the may have resulted, Mr. Newton thinks, either Elean Bustrophedon fragment (Roehl, op. cit., remarkable form of the perfect with present from the burning of their arsenals, 203 B.C., or No. 109 and App.) the restoration datpaï- inflection, diaretedéKEL, yeyóvel

, TETLJÁKEL: the from the loss of their fleet under Pausistratos, esuevov] may be relied on, it supplies an comparison of the original in this inscription 190 B.C. The page devoted to the calculation argument in favour of latpnicjevov rather than shows Wescher's text (Revue archéol., N. S., of the amounts paid as olinpéolov forms an darpeissuevov; (3) Mr. Newton's 'HpFaoious viii. 469) to be incorrect in several respects. excellent example of lucid commentary. The (for which Roehl, who says "aes examinavi,” The commentary may be studied with profit second inscription referred to (No. cccxliv.) is still retains EiFaolois) is supported by in many places; for instance, the note on the incomplete, and contains part of a calendar Koehler's reading (Mittheilungen des deutsch. tribes at Tegea (elvi.); on the ktoîval or (yuepolóvrov), in which each day of a succession Arch. Inst. in Ath., 1882, p. 378) of the "demes," and the pártpol or magistrates of of months is entered; it is inferred from the

' legend on an iron coin from the Peloponnese, Rhodes (cccxlix.; cf. also ccclviii.); on the prevalence of the name Flavius among the 'Hpaoal[ol] (or ’Hp ?), if not even by the Túrpal of Rhodes and their relation to the prenomina that the document is not earlier 'Hpaéuv of the younger coins. The alternative sparpiau. The relation of both to the knoîvai than the reign of Vespasian. The persons is, of course, to assume the existence of a may be cleared up, we are told, on the whose names are associated in this calendar place (Evaea) nowhere else mentioned. The publication of an inscription of Carpathos would appear to have been members of some wood-cut referred to represents the inscription promised by M. Martha (Bull. Corr. Hell., religious association (épavos or Olacos) who had on the well-known bronze votive hare from iv. 143).

special daily duties to perform in rotation. Samos. The re-examination of the original Of the longer inscriptions the following The monograms and abbreviated words which confirms the reading—T” Azódovi TẬ have already appeared in the Corpus In- follow the names may indicate demes in Ilsundní re åvéonkev "Høaioriwv; and Mr. scriptionum Graecarum :—No. clvi. (= C. I. Rhodes or elsewhere. Several of these Mr. Newton's remark on the obscurity of the ti in 1513-14), from Tegea, a list of victors in the Newton is at pains to identify from other the last word shows that Roehl's copy (op: games; No.ccx. ( = C. I. 1570), from Oropos, inscriptions; others still await explanation. cit., No. 85, “exscripsi”) cannot be regarded the decree relating to the offerings in the The work throughout abounds in wealth of as a facsimile.

Amphiaraion, with an inventory appended; illustration, the thoroughness of which is We have space for little more than a bare No. ccclxxvii. ( = C. I. 2338), an inscription sufficiently attested by the constant appeal to enumeration of the more important inscrip- from Tenos, of 120 very long lines, on a the widest range of available authorities; and tions. The wide range of territory indicated slab of white marble, the surface of which when Mr. Newton confesses himself baffled by the list in the Table of Contents would lead is much rubbed, but “long study" has by this or that difficulty, we almost instinctus to expect a richer store of inscriptions, in- enabled the present editor to make out many ively feel it to be a problem which no other teresting for dialect or for archaism, than is words not to be found in Boeckh's transcripts, scholar is likely to solve with only the same actually the case. Under the second category and to correct many errors in his text. This data at command.

E. S. ROBERTS. may be noticed the first four of the inscrip- somewhat tedious document is a register tions cited above as given in facsimile, the (åvaypačń) of sales of land and houses, inscription on the bronze hare, and the together with, in some cases, farm stock and

CORRESPONDENCE. short Melian dedication (ccclxvi.) Aapokpéwr furniture.

THE EDITING OF MEDIAEVAL TEXTS. árétnke; on this the editor remarks that the We may conclude this necessarily im- Dresden, Vitzthum Gymnasium: April 25, 1884. theta appears to have a bar across, but that this perfect notice with some account of the I see in the ACADEMY of April 12, which may be the result of a fracture in the stone. previously inedited inscriptions from Kalymna reached me only yesterday morning, a letter

“ critical" We are inclined to think he is right, for such and Rhodes. The former, more than a hun- from Mr. Hessels containing some a form of theta would ill accord with the dred in number, were for the most part found tion at issue is of general interest for mediaeval

remarks on my edition of Wiclif. As the quesperiod to which Kirchhoff (Gr. Alph. 3, 62), on by Mr. Newton himself near the site of the scholars, I would ask space for the following other grounds, assigns the inscription—the Temple of Apollo Delios in 1854. The list reply. latter half of the sixth century. If this comprises a large number of honorary decrees Mr. Hessels' remarks may be divided into explanation cannot be accepted, Kirchhoff's conferring proxenia or politeia on benefactors or two parts. In the first he disclaims for cops (after Boeckh, C. I. 2434) must be cor- foreigners. Besides these may especially be English scholars any "unfamiliarity” with No. cccxxiii

. represents a fragment noted No. ccxcviii., which is a long list of sub- editing, mediaeval texts critically in the of a white marble stele from Kalymna, con- scribers to a public loan; and No. ccxcix., an

second he tries to show the “critical ” shorttaining part of a Greek "alphabet” (8€ ... inscription relating to a claim for thirty

comings of my edition. Oulun EOPOTUDXV). It is Ionic, of about the talents made by the children of one Diagoras pôrov veïdos of his whole attack. I have not,

Now, his first charge against me involves the

OL

in any passage of my two volumes, spoken of within certain fixed limits—these have been the various MSS. sprung from, or are they an "unfamiliarity,” but simply said that "to observed in the printing.”—I meant to imply connected with, each other ? must naturally be edit mediaeval texts critically is work not very that there is indeed a universal orthographical considered first. This I have endeavoured to familiar to English scholars.” By this remark, usage in the MSS., and that this established do in my edition, and its claim to be a "critical" if words mean anything, I intended to imply orthography, on which the scribes agree, has edition rests on this examination. This er. that there are indeed English mediaevalists who been retained in my text. And so far will the amination of MSS. is now being well done in understand very well how to edit critically, volumes, though written in the first place for the “ Anecdota Oxoniensia.” Let us hope that but that the great bulk of editors of mediaeval the theological and historical student, prove the Wyclif Society will profit by it, furnishing texts are less accustomed to it. Mr. Hessels, no of value, I hope, also for the philologist. What us with “critical” texts of Wiclif's ipsissima doubt, knows these competent men better than I have excluded are the “evident mistakes” of verba, but not encumbering its volumes with I do. He mentions in his letter, by way of the scribes, wherever they deviated from a the negligences of mediaeval scribes. Let comparison, the Rolls Series, and Mr. Matthew form of established orthography by “careless- editors be editors of mediaeval texts, and not and Mr. Poole, whose publications are, or will ness or ignorance.” Mr. Hessels asks me what copyists or photographers of mediaeval copies, be, as he believes, “ critical” editions, and thus are “faults of the scribe," "evident mistakes."

RUDOLF BUDDENSIEG, he offers me the opportunity of examining I will tell him, though, on a little closer what he considers to be the requirements of Å inspection, he was enabled to judge for himself. critical edition after his own heart. As to The second phototype prefixed to my first

Oxford: May 5, 1984. the Rolls Series, the charge he brings volume shows that the scribe of Cod. Prag. iii.,

I was accidentally prevented from seeing against me is absolutely groundless. “It is no G. 11, wrote (1. 3) diferendo, while, as a rule, Mr. Hessels' able criticism of Dr. Buddensiegs secret," says, “that Dr. Buddensieg's rule he spells differe, cf. ll. 5 and 10 and the method of editing, which appeared in the as to the orthography of his text is the very gloss, which is by the scribe himself. That in ACADEMY of April 12, until to-day; nor should rule laid down, officially, for the editing of the the first case one has been dropped is, I main- I now come forward to express my cordial Master of the Rolls' Series.” I have now tain, mere negligence.” I am now collating agreement with Mr. Hessels' opinions were it looked over a number of the Rolls volumes, ex- Wiclif's De Veritate Scripturae Sacrae with not that he has referred to my own work in tending from 1858 to 1883, and find anew that Bodleian MS. 924, and have, for the purpose of preparing an edition of some books of Wycliffe. all the volumes print their mediaeval texts in answering Mr. Hessels, devoted about three I wish to say that his presumption as to my our modern spelling. Mr. Hessels thus puts on hours to looking over a very small part of the treatment of the MS. is entirely correct. I do the same level two editions which are published MS. In this well-written codex the scribe not alter a single letter without giving the on strictly opposite orthographical principles. writes as a rule signum, e.g., ff. 244, 246, 259, form of the original in a foot-note. To this To Mr. T. D. Matthew we already owe an but singnorum 245, 312; as a rule volutiva 315, rule, however, I admit two exceptions, which excellent edition of Wiclif's English works. 11. 11, 14, but voluntiva 1. 13; as a rule homicida do not affect the principle. First, I ignore the From the thorough scholarship displayed in 243, 246, 286, but omicida 239e, 288; erroneum punctuation of the MS., the retention of which that volume we may also expect a

« critical” 297, 17, but erronie 267, 3; enchiridion 239, would make the text generally unintelligible; edition of Latin texts, in which, I trust, a close 241, 242, 240, 15, but encheridion 240, 10; só and, secondly, in order to save the multiplicaexamination of the MSS. will not be wanting. the established elemosina once becomes elimosina, tion of notes, I add the verse-number to that Whether Mr. Poole will furnish a critical duplicitas changes into dupplicitas, diabolus of the chapter in references to the Bible, an text I do not know. We had better wait for into deabolus, apud into aput, apocalipsis into anachronism which, I think, is justified by its his edition. In the meantime, I would draw apocalepsis ; up to 356 he writes necligere, after convenience.

R. L. POOLE Mr. Hessels' attention to a very curious review this necgligere, necligere, and negligere occur on my, volumes in the Modern Review, signed indifferently; from 380 the former auctor with the initials “R. L. P.The writer, who becomes in many cases autor; from 390 the

THE EPINAL GLOSSARY. is no doubt a Wiclif scholar, speaks with the former immo is altered into ymmo and ymo. utmost contempt of the very mode of editing Now these “vagaries

" I cali faults of the

Berlin, S.W., Kleinbeerenstrasse 7: May 1, 1884. texts which Mr. Hessels advocates, calling my careless scribes; with nearly all the mediaeval

I have no doubt that Mr. Sweet is perfectly volumes at the same time “a model of accurate ists of this country I consider them of no value right in denying that panibus sol in the Epinal criticism," and the mechanical performance either for characterising the “Schrifttum ” of a Glossary is an English gloss. Only I think

:n of a Saxon schoolmaster, of which it is certain period of mediaeval Latinity, or for the panibus is a corruption of phoebus rather than difficult to speak in too high terms." He development of our present language, for they of panoptes. Cf. ponebus sol and phebe od in doubts "whether the tracts are worthy of such owe their origin, not to the “Sprachgeist” of the Corpus Glossary. But what reason is there unstinted devotion,” and then proceeds to reveal the time, but to the negligence of the copyist. for thinking uncenos English? Why is it not to us his own critical principles on which Wiclif I protest against this mode of giving the true to be taken = uncinos ? Cf., e.g., cremen written texts should be printed :

mediaeval spelling and omitting the incidental twice for crimen, 20 f 22. o A fair text from any MS. that is complete as “faults” of the scribes being called “altering

JULIUS ZUPITZA.

When I correct regards any particular tract, with occasional or doctoring the old authors.' corrections and selected various readings from the incidental negligence or foolishness of the any other available copies, would have satisfied the scribe, there is on my part no want of reverence

SCIENCE NOTES. requirements of the theological student. For one for the old authors. cannot reasonably attach the least importance,

MESSRS. W. SWAN SONNENSCHEIN & Co.

As to the editing of mediaeval texts, we have except in very rare cases, to the ipsissima verba of now in Germany strict, and generally accepted, of Profs. Naegeli and Schwendener's work on

request us to announce that the whole edition Wycliffe's hyperbarbarous Latinity [!!]." rules which exclude any idiosyncrasy of an If these lines have really been written by an editor; original documents, diplomas, • Ur

the Microscope was destroyed in the recent English mediaevalist, then Mr. Hessels, with kunden,” mandates emanating from the Royal edition has been at once sent to press

, and it

disastrous fire in Paternoster Row. A new myself, will be thankful for every future Wiclif or Imperial “ Kanzlei,” are, in the main, to be is hoped that the work will be in the hands of volume that may remain unwritten. It is this printed as they stand (cf. vol. i., pref. xcvi.); the public very shortly, since the English very naïve standpoint of some English editors Had I been so fortunate as to come near a tract and reviewers with which I find fault in my written by the great Reformer himself, I should editors of the book had already completed their

revision of the proof-sheets. Preface.

not have hesitated to print it with all its Mr. Hessels goes on to blame my edition for “ faults." This, however, was not my case. I At the annual meeting last Friday of the not having given all the orthographical variants had to deal with copies of paid and, in many Société de Géographie, gold medals were of the old scribes in my notes. Philology cases, very careless scribes.

awarded to MM. Milne Edwards, Arthur and mediaeval Latin," he says, “have gained This may, for the present, set at rest the Thouar, and Désiré Charnay. M. de Lesseps little or nothing by these volumes." In answer orthographical question. Orthography, so it was re-elected president. to this, my complaint against Mr. Hessels is appears from Mr. Hessels' letter, is the standard

MR. CORNISI, of Manchester, will publish that he has not examined closely either my by which to decide whether an edition be immediately Histological Notes for the Use of Preface or my notes. As to my Preface, he critical" or not. The main question as to the Medical Students, by Mr. W. H. Waters. will find (p. xcvi.) that my volumes were not MSS., their examination, appreciation, commeant, in the first place, for the philologist or parison, their families, scribes, glossers, cor- M. ERNEST CHANTRE is contributing to palaeographical scholar, but for the student of rectors, &c., is not even touched by him. In M. Cartailhac's Matériaux pour l'Histoire de history, theology, or law. If I speak, on order to get at the ipsissima verba of an l'Homme a series of interesting papers descripp. xcviii., of “inconsistencies of orthography,” author, the critical examination of the MSS. tive of the relics found in certain prehistoric on p. xcix. of "vagaries” and “corrupt” forms; is the first work, the main duty, to be entered cemeteries in Italy and Austria. These relics if I omit « those forms which differ from the on by an editor. The time is irrevocably gone, are referred to the Hallstattian epoch—in other universal usage of the MSS.,” and if I then go let us hope, in which an editor prints his text words, to the early Bronze period, or the on to say that, “ despite all the licence with "from any MS. that is complete." The difficult transitional time between the Bronze and Iron which we must charge them, the copyists keep questions, which codex is the best? how have ages. M. Chantre's papers are the result of an

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I.

extensive journey through Italy, Austria, and MEETINGS OF SOCIETIES.

George Busk; secretary, Sir William Bowman,

Bart.
Russia, in which he was accompanied by M. ROYAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.—(Thursday,
Adrien de Mortillet, whose pencil has been

May 1.)

PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY.-(Friday, May 2.) most useful furnishing copious illustrations. The Rev. Sir T. H. B. BAKER, Bart., in the Chair. Dr. J. A. H. MURRAY, President, in the Chair.

-On taking his seat, the Chairman referred to the
death of the Rev. J. Fuller Russell, and spoke in Mr. H. Sweet read a paper by Prof. Powell

, of
feeling terms of the loss the Institute had sustained University College, Cardiff – “Observations on
PHILOLOGY NOTES.
by the death of one who was a vice-president and

some Keltic Etymologies, with reference to Prof.

Skeat's Etymological Dictionary.The paper M. NAVILLE has just completed the revision munication from Mr. J. Thompson Watkin on a valued friend.-Mr. Hellier Gosselin read a com

cited further analogies to certain of Prof. Skeat's of the proofs of his variorum edition of The recent discoveries of Roman coins of the latter derivations, and corrected the mistakes in others. Book of the Dead (Todtenbuch), in two volumes, part of the third century near Preston, Lancashire, Dr. Murray then gave an account of the history and is to be congratulated on the termination and of the base of a small Roman column at and origin of some a- words which he had lately of a learned labour of eight years. Only the Thistleton, Rutlandshire. - The Rev. J. Hirst read investigated for the Society's Dictionary-arris, introductory matter remains to be written. å paper on The Religious Symbolism of the art, ashlar, &c.; and a very difficult set of ask

words, few earlier than the middle of the fifteenth Unicom.” The symbolism of the unicorn, as a Sixce the beginning of the present year a chimerical charge in heraldry, was drawn out at century , askance, askant, askoyle, askoyne, sort of supplement to the Journal officiel has length, and its connexion was then shown with askoy, askew, &c. For the latter, he hesitated been published by the French Government, the religious symbolism of the early ages of the to accept either an Italian or a Dutch origin, as under the title of the Revue orientale, giving Church, and especially with that of mediaeval other lexicographers had done. not only a report of the meetings of the Société times. Two wall-paintings of the thirteenth cen

ROYAL Asiatic SOCIETY.—(Monday, May b.) asiatique, but also a summary of miscellaneous tury, setting forth the mystery of the incarnation matter relating to Oriental studies. The editor, under the allegory of the Chace of the Unicorn, Sir H. C. RAWLINson in the Chair.—Mr. Clement M. Clermont-Ganneau, is anxious to extend were described at length and explained in detail. Allen read a paper entitled “The She-King for this latter department, and therefore appeals to These wall-paintings

may be seen in a church English Readers, in which he showed that the Oriental scholars in general to send him their belonging to the ruined castle of Ausensheim, work in question consisted of a collection of

near Matrei, in Tyrol, and, as they are un archaic poetry and verses, such as are found in all publications with a view to their being duly mentioned by either Baedeker or Murray, are nations in their primitive stages of civilisation, noticed. His address is 44 avenue Marceau, probably unknown in England. Quotations were Mr. Allen divided the poems into (1) Idylls ; (2) Paris.

made from the Greek writers Tzetzes and Philes, War Songs; (3) Laudatory Odes; (4) Festival and Prof. O. DONNER, of Helsingfors, author of the from the mystic writer Henry Suso, from St. Sacrificiul Odes; (5) Satires, Lampoons, and Moral unfinished Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der finnisch-Basile and other fathers, in support of the in- pieces; 6) Fragments and Corrupt pieces. He ugrischen Sprachen, is preparing for publication terpretation given.--Mr. Hodgetts read a paper added his belief that the poems were all capable the remaining two fasciculi completing the first People,” in which he pointed out that the early in making the translations, it would be necessary to

on "The Scandinavian Element in the English of translation into English verse, but argued that, part of the work. A second part of the Wört- English were more closely allied to the Scandi- abide by the text, and not to be misled by the erbuch will be exclusively devoted to phon, navians than to the Low Germans.- The Rev. Pre

commentaries.
ology, for which the learned author has gathered centor Venables exhibited a leaden impression of a
extensive materials.
seal belonging to some religious house. In the

FINE ART.
At a recent meeting of the Académie des centre is an effigy of the Blessed Virgin Mary and
Inscriptions M. Halévy read a paper on the legend is SIGILLUM CONMVNE STE MARIE DE . . . .Co.
Child, under a tabernacle of Gothic work. The

THE ROYAL ACADEMY. origin of writing in India. The earliest in- Also a parchment certificate, with a medal attached, scriptions in India, as is well known, are those professing to be a contemporary record of the land. The present exhibition will be chiefly memorof the Buddhist Emperor Asoka, in the middle ing of Caesar; but it is needless to add that both able as the first in which the average quality of of the third century B.C. These inscriptions certificate and medal are of a very different date to the sculpture is higher than that of the paintare written in two alphabets—(1) that of that assigned to them.

ing. In imaginative work, there is nothing Northern India, which may be called Bactrian or Aryan; (2) that of Southern India, to which

SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES.-(Thursday, May 1.)

among the pictures to compare with Mr. Gil

bert's "Icarus," Mr. Thornycroft's “Mower,” M. Halévy would give exclusively the name EDWIN FRESHFIELD, Esq., V.-P., in the Chair.

or M. Rodin's “L'Age d'Airain ;” and there "Indian.' That the former alphabet is of Mr. Scarth exhibited tracings of some tiles dis- are few painted portraits which reach the same Semitic origin is now universally admitted. M. covered at Minchin Barrow Priory, in Somerset. level as the busts of Mr. Boehm. It is doubtful Halévy attempted to fix the date of its intro- The priory is now an Elizabethan dwelling-house ; whether even the President's large and elaborate duction by comparing it with the Aramaean

an account of it will be found in the Proceedings composition of “Cymon and Iphigenia” does alphabet found in the Ptolemaic papyri of Many of these tiles come from a tomb on the floor

; not belong to the domain of sculpture rather

. Placas

, of Turin, of the Louvre, &c. The latter and bear the arms of Acton, Rodney, Clare: than to the domain of painting. Of beauty of alphabet M. Halévy referred to three sources,

Berkeley, and De Mohun. Dr. Perceval exhibited form and delicacy of modelling it contains much; (1) the Bactrian or Aryan alphabet ; (2) the and described a few deeds belonging to Mr. Everitt, of the beauties specially distinctive of painting Aramaean at first hand; (3) the Greek. M. which have been noticed in Carthew's History of —as apart from tinting and decorative arrangeHalévy went on to conclude that both Indian Launditch. Among the seals were those of Thomas ment of colours-little. Its colour, curious alphabets date from the invasion of Alexander, Percy, Bishop of Norwich, 1367, and of the Cluniac and luxurious, is surface colour; its textures probably from the reign of Chandragupta Priory of Wendham. A private seal bore a device

are smooth as stone, or marble, or pasteboard, Sandracottus), in the last half of the fourth of a wolf and a head, representing the miraculous

or paint. As an exhibition of Academic work century B.C. Prior to that date there is no

finding of the head of St. Edmund, king and reason to suppose that writing was known in martyr-a device which occurs on the seal of the generally the exhibition is very disappointing;

.

and the space occupied on the line by pictures, India ; and hence, adds M. Halévy, "we may hibited a bronze arm from a colossal statue, which both of Academicians and Associates, which assign the composition of the Vedas, which could not have been preserved by oral tradition, the Inner Circle Railway, about twenty-five feet art is even unusually large. The case of

was found in Seething Lane while excavating for have no claim whatever to rank as works of to the same date.” M. Sénart, while not doubt- below the present surface of the ground.

“ veterans ” who have outlived their skill and ing the Aramaean origin of the Bactrian alpha

do not know it is perhaps hopeless--there is bet, did not admit that this must necessarily Royal Institution. (Annual Meeting, Thursday, no arrangement possible, it is to be feared,

May 1.)

analogous to a conseil de famille, to prevent period.

Some part at least of India was included in the Persian empire long before Chair.—The Annual Report of the Committee of and the body to which they belong ; but Alexander; and the Indians might easily have Visitors for the year 1883, testifying to the conThe Duke of NortHUMBERLAND, President, in the them from bringing ridicule on themselves

is it hopeless in the case of younger men ? Is borrowed the Aramaean alphabet, which is tinued prosperity and efficient management of the it possible, for instance, that the painter of known to have been used in the Persian Institution, was read and adopted. The real and

“ Little Swansdown can be content to be chancery.

funded property now amounts to above £85,400, represented by such miserable work as Tue new number of Hermes contains a con

entirely derived from the contributions and dona- Shy Lover” (35) and "The Peacemaker" (74), tinuation of Prof. Mommsen's valuable paper paid their admission fees, and sixty-three

lectures placency on his works of the year. Judged

tions of the members. Thirty-seven new members and that Mr. Briton Riviere can look with comon the Roman army under the Empire.

and nineteen evening discourses were delivered only by their former selves, Messrs. Faed and Tue Wochenschrift für klassische Philologie in 1883. The books and pamphlets presented Pettie, Phil Morris and Herkomer, Long and of April 30 contains a review of Mr. J. S. amounted to about 236 volumes, making, with 558 Davis, and even Millais, fail; and the fact that Reid's Pro Sulla.

volumes (including periodicals bound) purchased

by the managers, a total of 794 volumes added to Mr. Millais, even when not at his best, is inuch The first volume has appeared (Paris: the lil rary in the year. -'The following were above the ordinary level does not make the Leroux) of M. Derenbourg's Catalogue of the elected officers for the ensuing year: --President, fact less depressing. Mr. Alma Tadema and Arabic MSS, in the Escurial.

the Duke of Northumberland; treasurer, Mr. Mr. Peter Graham have large and important

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