Page images




speak of benevolence in such cases is simply in other deliberative bodies in which time is their lingering over more or less mythical to misuse the word. Where the social affec- often wasted on the discussion of crotchets glories which have nothing to do with protions have been excited, where there is real peculiar to one or two members.

gress, he is, above all, severely impartial

. interest in another's welfare, it is surely

HENRY BRADLEY. Whosoever they are—whether “Milesians” nonsense to say that the showing of kindness

or Danes, adventurers of Elizabeth or of Cromis not in itself a pleasure, although it may be

well, Orangemen or recreant Catholic lords, conceded that a truly benevolent person will feel with exceptional keenness the suffering History of the Irish People. By W. a. or absentee rent-drawers, who have made the

A. inflicted by ingratitude.

O'Conor. In 2 vols. (Simpkin, Marshall, religious, social, political, they have cloaked

people their prey; under whatever pretext,

2 Another instance of what I feel tempted

& Co.)

their oppression-them does his soul abhor. to call Dr. Bain's perversity is his manner EUGÈNE SUE once wrote the Histoire d'une Mr. O'Conor starts by sharply distinguishing of refuting the statement of “sensational Famille Prolétaire. He showed how a Gaulish between the Hiberionaces (of St. Patrick), tă writers" that everything is mysterious and household lived and worked under each suc- whom he attributes not only the handicrafts wonderful. A mystery, he tells us, is simply cessive tyranny, from that of the Roman but also the arts which made Ireland so famous a fact that requires explanation; and the legionaries to that of the farmers-general, in the world's art history, and the Scoti or explanation of a fact consists in showing that and how that life was a continual witness for Milesians," as, with that unhappy distortion it is a particular case of a more general fact the right and a pledge of its ultimate triumph. of classical names which defaces early Irish previously known. When we have pushed Mr. O'Conor does something of the same kind history as it defaces the pages of Gildas and this process to its farthest limit, we must of for Ireland. The difference is that Sue's Nennius, the native chroniclers have chosen necessity come to certain ultimate facts which book was a romance, this is a history. It is to call them. Sociologically he is right are incapable of reduction to any more general conceivable that a family should last on in insisting on this distinction. Whether principle. In relation to these facts, the through all that the French novelist described ; ethnology will bear him out in attributing a word explanation" is unmeaning, and the it is the fact that a people has lasted on Norse origin to these milidh (for milites, not emotion of wonder with regard to them is an through trials which give it a far better claim Milesians, should of course have been the absurdity. It seems probable that, in spite than ever the Jewish people had to apply to name), and in assigning an Iberian (Basque of the author's veto, human nature will still itself the language of Isaiah liji.

origin to the bulk of those whom they partly continue to feel awe and wonder at the Mr. O'Conor's is a remarkable book with a subdued, I cannot tell. One thing is cer. thought of the existence of the universe, or remarkable title. We have Histories of tain : in the legends the dominant caste is of the "mystery" of the union of body and Ireland enough and to spare, but none of the light-haired and blue-eyed, while the dark mind.

Irish people. Not that his book covers the race is described in terms nearly as opproDr. Bain appears to greater advantage in the whole ground; at the economic history of brious as those in which the Aryas on the five essays which are more or less concerned his country he only glances. I often wonder Ganges stigmatised the Dasyus. with the subject of education. In the essay when some trained Irish writer will bring to This milidh was the type of all dominant on “The Classical Controversy," and inci- the merchant-rolls of Kinsale and Waterford, castes since. Despising handicrafts and the dentally in that on “The Civil Service Ex- and to whatever other trade records are still older race that excelled in them, it set its aminations," he replies with considerable extant, the skill, and patience, and insight bards to sing of nothing but war and rapine, success to the arguments used by some of the which Mr. J. P. Prendergast brought to the and to involve even the popular saints in the defenders of Latin and Greek. He


of documents which he scorn with which it overwhelmed the people ently proposes to substitute for what is marshalled into life in his Cromwellian from whom they were sprung. Given up to called classical instruction the systematic Settlement. We want to know where and tribal quarrels as ceaseless as those which set teaching of history and of the world's best by what men was made that saia d'Irlanda Wessex against Mercia and both against literature through the medium of translations. which was such a prized article of com- Northumbria, it substituted the clan for the Whether this can be called a practical sug- merce before Norman freebooter and native nation, and by-and-by too readily adopted gestion is fairly open to doubt. The

essay chieftain had fought one another back to from Mr. Froude's Norman “ civilisers" the on “The Art of Study" is entirely excellent. primal savagery. Popes had mantles of it; worst features of what we call feudalism. I

A brief notice is due to the two papers Florentines bequeathed garments of it as linger long on this point because it is allwhich conclude the volume. In the first of heirlooms; Plantagenet kings relaxed their important. It is thus that Mr. O'Conor these Dr. Bain advocates the entire disuse of edicts in its favour; and Ireland to-day clears away the nonsense about Celt and clerical subscription to creeds and articles. feeling that she must now again be a manu- Saxon and sets forth as his subject-matter the His reasonings will not be needed for the facturing nation, asks who among her sons people of whatever breed, and the fighters conviction of those readers who regard the gained this early glory in the world's markets. only so far as they have made common cause continuance of traditional beliefs with aver- Mr. O'Conor (like most thinking Irishmen) with that people. His sketch of early Anglosion or indifference. To those whose sym- feels that in the so-called Danish cities the Irish history is clear and forcible. Sir H. S. pathies are in the opposite direction, he mass of the population was native ; and that Maine has shown how sad a thing for Ireland offers the argument based on the inutility of there it wrought and traded, heedless of the was this invasion which stopped her natural subscription for securing its profeseed object. strife of rival clans. He goes no farther ; development just at the critical moment when The persons to whom this argument is but this hint is worth following up. of one native family was becoming paramount

. addressed are not likely to consider it his present work the main features are: Mr. Lecky has aptly compared the chronic strengthened by Dr. Bain's account of the dog- first, freshness of thought. Every idol of den aggression that followed the first inroad to a matic tendencies of those churches in which or market-place, to which English writers spear-bend which keeps a wound rankling. subscription has been abolished. The last and their Irish imitators have bowed down, Mr. O'Conor probes this wound, and shows essay, on "The Procedure of Deliberative he overthrows. Every opinion which John what festering sores have grown out of Bodies," is occupied with suggestions for the Bullism has exalted into axiom he it. Within his brief limits he tells all better despatch of business in the House of traverses. Next, thorough sympathy with the that need be told, brushing away as he goes Commons and in other administrative assem- English people. He is writing the history on the misrepresentations which we have blies. Many of Dr. Bain's recommendations of those who are still their brothers, often been used to accept as history. His account deserve careful consideration. Much waste of though they have been used as blind instru- of 1641, for instance, and his brief remarks legislative time would be avoided if it were ments in oppressing them. His quarrel is not about '98 I fearlessly commend to all fairfound possible to substitute printed questions with England but with Normanism, whereby minded readers. Yet he does not hide faults ; andanswers for the present system of oral inter- he means caste-spirit, which set up in the man who has the courage to confess : pellation—a change which has been advo- England, as in Ireland, a few as lords over cated by high parliamentary authorities. The the many, and prompted them to drown in the untainted and unpurchaseable peasantry

, ,

“the readiness of Irishmen to be bought, not proposal to require several assenting members, the roar of foreign victory the cry of those but professional men, secretaries, and cominstead of only a single seconder, before any whom they oppressed. Free from the be- mittee-men, has not been so much an agency motion can be debated, might with advantage setting faults of most native historians, from for the malice as a temptation to the virtue of be adopted, if not in Parliament, at any rate their easily explicable want of perspective, England,"




proves by such a confession that it is quite with one who deserves to rank with Lecky indeed ultimately become convinced that species worth Englishmen's while to consider whether, and Godkin, with Prendergast and Duffy, have been all born just as individuals are now in regard to other things, he is not right and with A. M. Sullivan and Barry O'Brien, and all born, and that such has been the universal their ordinary guides wrong. They will find with the rest of that band of scholarly his method of creation, this conviction will not in him a Christianity which ignores the narrow torians who have done their full share towards only be found to be soluble, so to speak, in the

old beliefs respecting a creative mind, but it limits of separate churches, and a political their country's regeneration.

will be unintelligible and inconceivable without faith which links him with those who are

H. S. Fagan.

them. So that men, in describing the history, fighting everywhere the battle of progress. He

and aim, and direction of evolution, will be is never backward in exposing servility eren

compelled to use substantially the same lanwhen those who gave way to it were Catholic The Unity of Nature. By the Duke of guage in which they have hitherto spoken of lords and bishops; he makes it clear that true Argyle. (Strahan.)

the history of creation.” Irishmen will never allow their national This thoughtful work will be found of special One of the most interesting parts of the movement to be degraded in the future, as it interest at the present time, for it mainly book is that which deals with the instincts has been in the past, into a religious feud. consists of a re-statement with new facts and of animals and the manner in which we see He keeps well in view the cardinal truth, illustrations, and by a writer well acquainted in them those indications of adaptation and shuffled out of sight by those who confute our with modern science, of that old teleological adjustment to a purpose which it is the object land reformers in an epigram, that "land was argument for the existence of an intelligent of the whole treatise to unfold. The followmeant by Providence for the production of creator of the universe which is often repre- ing is a good example of the graphic manner food, and not for the mere production of sented as finally set aside by the result of in which this subject is illustrated. By the rent.” He is strongly in favour of a Union, recent enquiries. Socrates argued that a statue side of a river but it must not be a Mezentian one. inferred the existence of a sculptor; Cicero

“I came suddenly upon a common wild duck "The present so-called Union seizes on the that the Iliad could not have come into being whose young were just out. She fluttered into advantages of a material junction for England, without a poet; Paley that a watch must the stream with loud cries and with all the and imposes the disadvantages of a foreign have had a maker; the great principle of the struggles to escape of a helplessly wounded conquest on Ireland. Clare and Castlereagh Unity of Nature is here made to show that bird. The laboured and half-convulsive flapwould never have ventured to say_that the the origin of creation is due to a creating ping of the wings, the wriggling of the body, intention was to make Ireland England's mind.

the straining of the neck, and the whole exgrazing farm. ... It was a union of Englishmen with Irishmen, and not with Irish cattle,

The term “Unity of Nature" is explained pression of painful and abortive effort were to mean

really admirable. When her struggles had that was proposed.

carried her a considerable distance, and she " that intricate dependence of all things on saw that they produced no effect in tempting As to taxation, he points out the gross each other which makes them appear to be parts us to follow, she made resounding flaps upon unfairness of taxing Ireland to provide the of one system. ... That kind of unity which the surface of the water, to secure that attenbribes wherewith Pitt gained his end. A the mind recognises as the result of operations tion to herself which it was the great object of word about his style ; it is everywhere similar to its own, not a unity, which consists the manoeuvre to attract, then rising suddenly adequate, incisive, marked with suppressed of mere sameness of material, or in mere identity in the air she made a great circle round us, and power, a model to his young countrymen,

of composition, or in mere uniformity of struc- returning to the spot renewed her efforts as who sometimes forget the difference between tion of all these to similar aims and to similar the separate instincts of the young in successful

ture, but a unity which consists in the subordina- before. It was not, however, necessary, for writing and orating. The tenacity which

principles of action, that is to say, in like hiding effectually baffled all my attempts to over and over again fixes Mr. Froude in a

methods of yoking a few elementary forces to discover them." dilemma is well matched with the remorseless the discharge of special functions, and to the logic which lays bare the radical weakness of production by adjustment of one harmonious

This and similar examples of instinct natuIrish official Protestantism. On occasion he whole."

rally give rise to the question how does man's can rise to chastened eloquence. Not even Hence we are shown by many examples how mind differ from the intelligence of the brutes. Montalembert himself pays a nobler tribute to man, by both the extent and the limitations The Duke places the difference in the sense of the Irish missionary saints ; not even Davis's of his own powers, can discern everywhere of which he says that there is “no indication”

obligation in the “two voices” of conscience, exquisite poem brings more pathos to the sad within him and without bim indications of in the animals, while it“ is never wholly want. story of Owen Roc O'Neil." I must quote a the presence of a mind at once infinitely ing in the most degraded of human beings.” few lines of what he says about O'Connell :- greater than his own, and yet kindred to it.

Here some readers will differ from the author, "A constitutionalist by nature, and shocked

To that numerous class of persons who are

and think that we can detect in the animals by the sight of the revolutionary excesses rendered vaguely uncomfortable by the means of his country's deliverance. But his of evolution may be commended the study exactly as a child does in the same predicain France, he chose moral agitation as the doctrines of Darwin and the nomen horrendum as distinct traces of conscience as we can of

reason. A dog, when caught in a fault, looks peaceful struggle was conducted with the of chap. viii., in which the Duke proves

from shout and the onset of the warrior. He

their roused, united, and informed his country, either directly or by implication deny the and we can imagine him saying in some dog

own words that the men of science who ment; he can be “tempted” from his post, men. He inspired one soul into Ireland, and

gish way, “Budge, says the fiend; budge not, made it potentially a nation. : : . His gait, as evidence of design in nature are forced by

though the fiend” is

" he trod the streets, was a challenge to men the necessities of human speech to use lan says my conscience ;" though who claimed a servile demeanour as their due. guage which involves an admission of it.

a piece of meat, and “my conscience" the

certainty of his master's anger. Between We can scarcely now estimate his towering This is plainly shown from Darwin's own character as he stood alone in the valley white words, on which the Duke remarks,

Gobbo's way of expressing his conscience's with the skeletons of centuries, and prophesied

qualms and Macbeth's profound reflections upon them, and covered them with flesh, and

“Whether that theory [of evolution] be true or when he is hesitating over his intended crime sinew, and skin, and called the breath of free- not, it is a theory saturated throughout with there is a wide interval, and that between the dom from the four winds to breathe upon them the ideas of utility and fitness, and of adaptation, dog's uncertainties and Gobbo's may hardly

as the governing principles and causes of the till they stood on their feet an exceeding great harmony of nature. Its central conception is, / be much greater; while the difference in both army."

that in the history of organic life changes have cases seems more in degree than in kind, and This ám pogdókntov use of Scripture is perilous; somehow always come about exactly in pro- to arise not so much from the want of a but Mr. O'Conor succeeds as well with it in portion as the need of them arose ; but how is faculty in the lower creature as from a superiprose as Mr. Swinburne does in verse.

it that the laws of growth are so correlated with ority of organisation and cultivation in the I close a most inadequate notice of a most utility that they should in this manner work higher one. timely and valuable book, beseeching the men together? Why should varied and increasing

The closing chapters of the work treat of of thought in England and elsewhere to utility operate in the requisite direction of varied

man, his moral nature, its degradation, and stand aside from the bustle of party politics, and increasing developments ? '

the origin of civilisation and of religion. and to study it. It will help them to gauge While this part of the argument is thus The Duke is no believer in our savage origin, the feelings and aspirations of their Irish summed up :

and holds that the savage as we see him is brothers, and it will bring them face to face of this we may be sure, that if men should an example of " development in the wrong



direction," of which there is always danger municipality (except Belgrade) is obliged to most careful and painstaking editor; yet his eren in the most civilised races of mankind, have a communal granary to which every notes are surely, somewhat too numerous and as we see from abundant examples; while, ratepayer must contribute yearly 150 okas copious for the class of students for whom the

of wheat. with respect to religion,

work is intended. Those who are able to appreThis is a fund on which

every “. Scholars have found that up to the farthest Serb can draw for the support of his family ciate Riehl's charming novelettes can hardly

in times of war or famine. limits which are reached by records which are

The Serb is

need 261 pages of notes in small type to 113

pages of text in large. There is very little in properly historical, and far beyond those limits described by M. de Borchgrave as "intelli- the notes with which we should not agree. Mr. to the remotest distance which is attained by gent, proud, impatient of all restraint. The Wolstenholme says (6, 21), “note that Säckel, the evidence founded on the analysis of human shell is rough. He likes to be hospitable, though a diminutive, is masc.," but there are speech, the religious conceptions of men are especially in the country; but he dislikes the other dimin, in -el of the masc. gender, seen, as we go back in time, to have been not stranger, and distrusts him. In business, he such as Hügel, Kiesel, Knöchel ; Bischen (10, 11) coarser and coarser, but simpler, purer, higher ; so that the very oldest conceptions of the Divine understands wonderfully his own interests” is dimin. of Biss

, not of Bissen ; ausgenommen Being of which we have certain evidence are the (p. 155). No better illustration of the last is not always used with the accus. (12, 14); his simplest and the best of all." statement can be made than the fact that the explanation (23, 19) of the use of the act. infin


as a substant, and as a verb at the same time is H. SARGENT.

Serbs are the only Slav race who can hold not very clear, and the grammatical correctness their own against the Jews. There is no

of his example, ich sehe den Baum vom Blitz Judenhetze, no Jewish question in Servia. In schlagen, might be questioned ; nor is his ex

the Serb the Jew has found his match. planation of meinetwegen (88, 8) happy, "meinet, La Serbie: Administrative, Economique et Servia, as everyone knows, is the most with strengthening t for meiner gen. of ich; "

Commerciale. Par Emile de Borchgrave. democratic country in Europe. Not only is Krebs is not "crab" in E. (95, 3), and Haupt in (Brussels: Weissenbruch.) there universal suffrage, but there exists a

the sense of head of cattle (4, 7) is only provinTo appreciate the changes accomplished in social as well as a political equality. This cial, &c. Mr. Wolstenholme notices the loansocial equality is not merely the result of attention to the form in which they appear

. Servia during the last sixty-three years, one

words in G., but without paying sufficient must not pass a hasty or superficial judgment; subjection to the Turk. . It is one of the Thus Pfafie cannot be Latin papa, showing, as one must interrogate the monuments and sur- results of the rule of Milosch. That wise it does, consonantal shifting ; Ferien is a late viving witnesses of her past. The result of prince, the founder of the present dynasty, acquisition as compared with Feier from such an enquiry is in every sense favourable to finding, like our own Henry VII., that titles M.-Lat. féria (@=f, ei as in Kreide, Seide); the Serbs.'

and digoities bred divisions in the land, here E. “fair” might have been quoted, These are the words of M. Emile de Borch- forbade their use. But it was not only by and the development of meaning explained grave, the Minister Resident of Belgium at abolishing the aristocracy that Milosch proved and Leipziger Messe. The change of gender

in connexion with Frühmesse, Lichtmest, Belgrade, who probably knows Servia better himself the father of his country, What

of Abenteuer as compared with Mhg. årentiure than any

other foreigner. His book on Peter the Great was to Russia, that was is also left obscure (see Grimm, hl. Schr. i. 85 Servia is the best yet written in any language Milosch to Servia. He was in very deed and foll.). The remarks about the nomina actionis on the economy, social, political, and com- truth, though not in name, a patriot king. (Zug, Zucht fr. ziehen Kur fr. kiesen, &c.) are mercial, of that country. It deserves to be He was keenly alive to the importance of inadequate in the light of the Teutonic philread, not only by those who take an interest Servia having outlets for her commerce. ology of the present day; here we should have in the South Slav States, but by all who King Milan is true to the best traditions of liked a note on the grummatischen Wechsel as study the growth of nations. his house, and seeks in all things the material explained by Verner, and on the work done by

Zimmer and von Bahder in this branch. As The sketch of Serb history, contained in development of Servia. There have been five pages (7 to 12), is necessarily only a great public works which, while they have to an English student do not give any help on

long as the Grammars generally accessible sketch. We would say of Serb history, as increased the prosperity of mankind, have these points, an edition of a text may with adM. de Borchgrave says of her social economy, conferred little good on the natives by whom vantage supply this needful information;

and that the better it is known the cleaner does they have been undertaken. The Suez Canal we do not think that in recommending this her record become. M. Borchgrave tells us of is a notable instance of this. The Serb we are trying to introduce so-called "pbilthe homestead law which forbids the peasant railways would, however, be equally advan- ology” into the practical teaching of German

. from parting with his beasts or implements tageous to Servia and the most distant nations. The question about the formation of nouns, for of labour; nor is he allowed to alienate his If once the lines between Belgrade and by some short explanation of the Ablautreihen

example, is an eminently practical question, and house or five acres of land. A peasant can Constantinople, and between Belgrade and the teacher may help the student to acquire the thus be deprived of his property only to Salonica are constructed, Servia willl be gender and declension of a large number of satisfy fines to the State or his commune, and put in communication with the whole world. Sucht (ő, 28) is now connected in the not for debts to any private individual. The At present she is cribbed, cabined, confined. popular mind with suchen, an instance of what peasant has also a right to cut firewood in the Her commerce is dependent mainly upon Paul calls Bedeutungsangleichung durch lautlichen forests of the State; it is only for wood Hungary, which, being herself an agricultural Zusammenfall; cf. wahn- in wahnsinnig. Some required for building that he has to pay a country, is a rival rather than an ally. A forms which can only be explained by a refersmall tax. After such a statement you are railway to Salonica would remove those com- with. We should have liked a fuller note on

ence to Mhg., &c., are not satisfactorily dealt not surprised to hear that poverty so-called mercial bonds with which Austro-Hungary Schritt (9, 3); some words of this class formed is unknown in Servia. There is no need of is disposed to shackle her little neighbour, in Mhg. the plur. nom. and acc. without ina poor law.

The workmen in the towns and would throw open to her the trade of the flection, and continue to be used in this form have their guilds, and those who fall sick world.


after numerals—e.g. Mann, Pfund; and the use are supported out of their own funds. M. de

of the flectionless form of the plur.after numerals Borchgrave says you never meet a Serb GERMAN AND FRENCH SCHOOL BOOKS. Fuss, 2011,&c. Mr. Wolstenholmeexplains erhaben

extended to other nouns of similar meaning like beggar; those who stretch their hands to the passer by are nearly always foreigners Riehl's Culturgeschichtliche Novellen. Edited correctly (59, 9; Whitney called it irregular), we

by H. J. Wolstenholme. (Cambridge: Uni- might have wished that he had discussed in the . Press. (p: 159). The bulk of the Serb population by H. J. Wolstenholme.

We cannot doubt that this same way other old p.p. now used as adj., such till the soil, and the Skouptchina, or legisla- edition will be heartily welcomed by both as bescheiden (50, 14) by the side of geschieden tive assembly of Servia, is mainly an teachers and students of German. The list of (94, 7), by referring the student to geheissen ; of assembly of peasants. Yet the country German text-books at present available for use a p.p. with Rückumlaut like bestallt (49, 12) by a whose destinies are in the hands of its in our higher classes is still very inadequate, in reference to genannt, &c.; durchlaucht = Mg; peasantry need fear no social upheavals if spite of many praiseworthy attempts of late to durchlüht, noť a shortened form of durchleuchtel

its peasantry be as the Serbs, prosperous and supply the need; and this is particularly true in (55, 6). Mr. Wolstenholme's remark (41, 17) on sober. The Serb peasant ploughs his land the case of prose works. Hence any carefully rauch and rauh might have been supplemented by with an old-fashioned plough, but he also annotated edition of one of those standard a reference to the law regulating the use of h and

German works which have been hitherto ch in Mhg., and to such modern survivals as hoch, possesses the old-fashioned virtues of temper-practically inaccessible to the English student is höher; nahe, nüchst;, schmihen, Schmach

: ance and thrift. Self-help is engrained in extremely valuable. Mr. Wolstenholme has, In connexion with’his note (94, 29)," fali? his character. As an instance of his prudence, as it appears to us

, been very happy in his identical with falb (Mhg. val inflected valrver) we would quote the law by which every choice.

He has shown himself throughout

a he might have referred to gar (E. " yare") and


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

best he may.

gerben (5, 20; 44, 2): in some cases the b (which effect of passages such as these from Bossuet, (Simpkin, Marshall, & Co.); Leading Questions stands for Mhg. w) has been taken into the Bourdaloue, Massillon, Fléchier, and Mascaron on German Grammar, by É. Heumann (David nomin. (gelb, falb; H. Sachs am garben hunger, may be as visible in their improved rhetoric as in Nutt); An Elementary German Grammar and cf. gerben), in others it has been dropped (kuhl, their improved French. The notes are excellent. Reading Book, by Ferdinand Schmidt (Trübner); jah). These objections may appear slight, yet They explain shortly what needs explaining, German Reader, I., by Aurel de Ratti, The notes of this kind would do much to raise the and give plenty of interesting illustration-e.g., Duplex” Series, Second Edition (Relfo study of German by doing away with the great on the words “ du roi que nous pleurons” in Bros.); French Vade Mecum, for the Use of number of so-called exceptions which Grimm Massillon's funeral oration of Louis XIV., be- Travellers and Students, by Léon Delbos calls nachzügler alter regeln, die noch hie und da sides a quotation from Louis Blanc, we have this (Hachette); Dialogues idiomatiques, by Louis zucken. When an editor has done his work so note : "Lorsque le peuple apprit la mort du Revel (Glasgow: Holmes); Aloderno French well as Mr. Wolstenholme, anyone who ventures grand roi, il alluma un feu de joie à chaque Readings, edited by William I. Knapp (Boston, on the ungracious task of criticism must run the carrefour, et il improvisa une farandolo U.S.: Ginn, Heath, & Co.); &c., &c. risk of appearing to exaggerate small defects in (Eugène Pelletan). default of larger ones. The edition is almost

Molière's Les Précieuses Ridicules. Edited by free from misprints (verwünschter 67, 26, fürs p. A. Lang. Beaumarchuis' Le Barbier de Séville. NOTES AND NEW S. 217; only in the last story we find ins, &c., Edited by A. Dobson. (Oxford: Clarendon Ar their meeting last week, the delegates of without apostrophe), and a most useful Index Press.) The school-boy of our days bas much is added.

to be thankful for. Not the least of his mercies the common university fund at Oxford nomiGerman Language. By W. Frendenberg: Part lesson books for him; Mr. Lang; as everybody for the creation of a readership in Rabbinical A New Practical Method of Learning the is that men of genius have taken to write his nated the Rev. C. W. Boase to a readership in

Foreign History. Resolutions were also passed 1.-Grammar and Exercises. Part II.-Reader. knows, is an authority upon Molière. His edi(Nutt.) Since Dr. Falck Lebahn published his tion of" Les Précieuses Ridicules"is all

that such Literature for Dr. Neubauer, a lectureship in excellent German Grammar some quarter of a a book should be for such a purpose. There is a

Scandinavian for Mr. Vigfusson, and a second

scholarship in Chinese. century ago, not a few guides to a rapid and Life, even too well stored with facts, a brief sound knowledge of the German language have essay on the comic stage of Molière's time, and SHAKSPERE'S table, a little four-flapped appeared, and of these many have been works a special introduction to the play. The notes table, with his coat of arms and initials carved of great merit. Yet we cannot say that Herr are few, but they explain the things that want on it, and other ornaments, will be exhibited Frendenberg's work is altogether superfluous. explaining.. Mr. Dobson's book is an equally at the Shaksperian show on behalf of the He has laid himself out to simplify the in- thorough piece of work. Nothing is omitted Chelsea Hospital for Women, to be held at tricacies of German syntax, a task in which he which the most uninformed reader could desire the Albert Hall on the last three days of May. has met with at least as much success as

to have told him. In the “Life of Beaumar- This table belongs to Dr. Dally, of Wolverattended most of his predecessors; and he has chais” we should like to have met once more hampton. He bought it, together with two certainly produced a book which will serve as

the epigram which he incurred from the airs multons, on which Shakspere's name and his an introduction to the spoken language of Ger- with which he took his blâme :- Monsieur, wife's are cut, from a farm-house three miles many. The compilers of German Grammars ce n'est pas assez que d'être blâmé, il faut être from Stratford, where they had been long in too often seem to make it their study to in- modeste.". To both volumes Mr. Saintsbury, use, painted over, and knocked about. His

struct the student in the rules of syntax only, who is editing the series, contributes an essay account of these relics was at first received with : leaving him to learn the German language as on “The Progress of French Comedy.”

much scepticism; so he brought them up to the If Herr Frendenberg's book Molière's Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme. With

Chelsea Hospital, where they were carefully reaches a second edition, a revision of its Introduction and Notes by L. M. Moriarty. examined by Mr. Furnivall and the Rev. W. English, which is not always idiomatic, should (Macmillan.) Mr. Moriarty's edition of Moliere Harrison, of the New Shakspere Society; Mr. tion are also insufficient. Part ii. is a poetical the help given is therefore mainly in the way this examination the scepticism of all the be taken in hand. The remarks on pronuncia- is for younger students than Mr. Lang's, and Darbyshire, a skilled artist and archaeologist ;

and Mr. Jarvis, a practical cabinet-maker. After and prose reader with foot-notes, which has of grammar and paraphrase. In some of his been intelligently compiled, but calls for no versions Mr. Moriarty is very happy, in others doubters gave way; they were convinced that special remark.

he at least shows an intimacy with school-boy the relics were genuine Elizabethan articles, a Theoretical and slang which ought to make his little book owned

them. On the table his cup of sack,

assuredly no one but Shakspere himself Practical Guide to the Art of Translating popular: The introductions are not elaborate, his elbow, and perchance his pipe must often English Prose into German. By Hermann

the Life might with advantage have been Lange. (Oxford: Clarendon Press.) This is a

longer (in it the date of the “Ecole des have rested; and in some favourite piece of Femmes is given as 1661 instead of 1662);

his furniture, the multons bearing his wife's manual for the use of students who have but they are pleasantly written, and no doubt name and his own must have been inserted. mastered German accidence, possess some acquaintance with German prose literature, and excellently suited for their readers. A note These relics cannot fail to interest Shakspere

students. wish to acquire a style of correct composition. on the title of the play concludes thus :-“ An

Dr. Dally himself will attend to

show them. The pieces for translation are all excerpts from English adaptation of the play might possibly good English and American authors, the list be entitled The Snob,' or My Lord Buggins, Tire Archbishop of Canterbury has joined including the names of Smiles, Thackeray,

or 'M. Jordan joins the Upper Ten,' or some- the Wyclif Society. If only his flock will Macaulay, Washington Irving, Dickens, John thing of the sort.'

follow him, the society's work will soon be Bright, Bayard Taylor, and Livingstone. The A Synthetic French Grammar for Schools. By

done; £5,000 would print all the great Re

former's works. book is provided with a series of clearly ex- G. E. Fasnacht. (Macmillan.) This Grammar pressed rules of German composition in an presents at

and the same time

THOSE who are interested in old English Appendix, as well as with a useful Index to the analytical synopsis of French accidence from a liturgical music may be glad of the opportunity grammatical rules and idiomatic renderings. scientific point of view, and a course of syntax afforded by the kindness of Lord Herries, of

illustrated with a copious selection of idiomatic Everingham Park, York, in allowing his fine Maria Stuart von Schiller. Edited, with sentences. It may be mentioned that the higher MS. Antiphonal of the fifteenth century, temIntroduction and Notes, by C. Sheldon. (Mac- syntax is practically a recast of the third year porarily in the custody of the Keeper of the MS. millan.) Schiller’s great tragedy from Eng- from Fasnacht's Progressive French Course. The Department, to remain at the British Museum lish history now takes its place in Messrs. book, which is planned after the fashion of the a few weeks longer for inspection. The AntiMacmillan's " Foreign School Classics,” follow- Public Schools Latin Primer, is free from any phonal was written for the cathedral church of ing on the “Maid of Orleans.” Besides critical exercises ; and is compressed into a small octavo York, and is a very rare example of York un grammatical notes, the play has been fur- of 240 pages.

church music. mished by its editor with a Life of Schiller, a notice of Mary Stuart, and a short account of

We have also received :—Le Bourgeois Gentil- The article on the Abbé Vogler for the the writing of the play. The selection of this homme, with a Life of Molière and Grammatical forthcoming volume of Sir George Grove's work was justified by its comparatively easy

and Philological Notes by the Rev. A. C. Dictionary of Music has been written by the text, and by the fact that a boy who is taken Clapin (Cambridge : University Press); Lamar- Rev. J. Å. Mee, of Merton College. He does through it will probably pick up some idiom- tine's Tailleur de Pierres de Saint-Point, with not take Mozart's line, and Sir Julius Beneatic, along with many very formal, phrases.

Etymological and Grammatical Notes by J. dict's, that the honoured master of Weber and

Boielle (Bell); Macmillan's Progressive French Meyerbeer was a charlatan, but holds that there L'Eloquence de la Chaire et de la Tribune. Course, II., by G. Eugène Fasnacht, New is in the Abbé's music ample reason for Mr. By Paul Blouët. Vol. I. (Oxford: Clarendon Edition, enlarged and thoroughly revised (Mac- Browning's selection of Vogler as the subject Press.) It is an excellent idea of M. Paul millan); French Erercises, on Rules taken from for his noble poem on the art, “ Abt Vogler. Houet's to publish a selection from the sacred the Marlborough French Grammar (David Mr. Meo wants the Bach Choir to perform oratory of the seventeenth century for schools. Nutt; French Prepositions and Idioms, by Vogler's “Requiem.” We trust that they will, All boys are fond of speech-making; and the C. de la Morinière, Second Edition, revised | as then the English public will have the chance

and ass





they have never yet enjoyed, of making up their THE modified form of Prof. Sayce's Herodotos,

AMERICAN JOTTINGS. minds as to the merits or demerits of Vogler's which we have before announced, will be enmusic. His Sonata for Violin and Piano, which titled simply The Ancient Empires of the East : WE are glad to hear that the death of Mr. Leywill be played at the Browning Society's a Series of Essays. It will be published like- poldt will not interfere with the early publication entertainment in June-probably by Mr. and wise in America.

of the Supplement to The American Catalogue, Miss Harraden-has not been heard, in England

which has been for some time in preparation.

MR. WILLIAM SIME, author of King Capital, It will comprise all books that have appeared at least, since its composition in 1785.

has sent to press, with Messrs. W: Swan in the eight years ending July 1, 1881; and it A LECTURE

the recently published Sonnenschein & Co., a new novel entitled The is estimated that the number of entries wil " Doctrine of the Twelve Apostles * will be Red Route.

exceed twenty thousand. The number of given in the Jerusalem Chamber at West- MR. T. FISHER UNWIN will issue next week copies will be limited to 1,250, and "mo minster, on Friday, May 16, at 5 p.m., by the Henry Irving in England and America, 1838-84, plates will be made.” The price to subscribers Rev. Dr. Edwin Hatch.

with a portrait specially etched by M. Ad. will be ten dollars (£2). It will form a single Dr. VILLIERS STANFORD's settings of Mr. Lalauze. The same publisher also announces a volume, but it is possible that it may appear in Browning's “Cavalier Tunes ” are to be given, popular edition (being the fourth within a few two parts, the one giving the entries according

to author and title, the other according to subwith a chorus of fifty voices, at Mr. Edwin months) of Prof. Vambéry's Autobiography. Bending's concert at the Princes' Hall on Messrs. GRIFFITH & Fannan are about to ject. The date fixed for publication is October. May 21,

publish a pamphlet containing three essays by The larvard Herald, following the example

“ Laodiceans,” THE Report of the Council of the Camden Mr. R. M. Ēyton, entitled

of the Critic, has taken a vote among the Society to the general meeting held on May 2

Aesthetic Perceptions,” and “Rubens and students at Cambridge for members of a

Goethe.” announced that the publications for the coming

hypothetical “ American Academy," and these year would be-(1) Papers relating to the THE Contemporary Review for June will con- are the leading fifteen names :-George William issue of the Second Prayer-Book of Edward VI., tain a poem by Mrs. Pfeiffer, suggested by the Curtis, Thomas Bailey Aldrich, George Banedited by the Rev. N. Pocock ; (2) Political parliamentary debate, March 27, on Prof. croft, Bret Harte, Oliver Wendell Holmes, memoranda of the fifth Duke of Leeds, 1774, &c., Bryce's Infants Bill.

J. R. Lowell, Charles Dudley Warner, G. W. edited by Mr. Oscar Browning; and (3) Selec

Cable, Prof. Child, Henry James, J. G. Whittier,

THE Marquis of Lorne has written a paper James Freeman Clarke, Edward Everett Hale, tions from the Lauderdale Papers, vol. ii., edited by Mr. Osmund Airy. Of these, the first two are number of the Girl's Own Paper.

“ Miss Rye’s Girls' Homes” for the June W. D. Howells, Edmund Clarence Stedman. already in the press. The council have added

In recording the grant of a pension to Dr. to the list of works in preparation an account THE article in the current Westminster against Murray, the editor of the New English Dictionof the war in Ireland after the rebellion of 1642, Mr. George, "Co-operation and Spoliation," is, ary, the Critic asks—“ Cannot some of our rich from the pen of Col. Plunket, a Catholic officer we hear, by Mr. Newcomen Groves, formerly American institutions assist pecuniarily in this serving under the Marquis of Ormond, to be of Oriel College.

great and costly enterprise, and win immortality edited by Miss Mary Hickson, which will add to our knowledge of Irish history during the of Libraries, &c., contributes an article on

MR. EDWARD EDWARDS, author of Memoirs for themselves thereby ? period which has recently been illustrated by • The Quest for MSS. in the Levant” to the limited edition of Jane Eyre, in two volumes


A PHILADELPHIA publisher announces : the works edited by Mr. Í. T. Gilbert. May number of the Library Chronicle.

illustrated with a portrait and eight etchings of MESSRS. TRÜBNER & Co. have in the press a collection of popular Indian stories made by at the Browning Society's meeting on May 23.

MR. MONCURE CONWAY will take the chair scenery, all by American artists. Mrs. H. W. Steel and Capt. R. C. Temple.

THE Nation culls from auctioneers' catalogues The title of the work is Wide-Awake Stories : a MR. FLUEGEL is at R and S of the thoroughly the two following entries :-“ Abbotsford's Collection of Tales told by Little Children, revised edition of his German-English and Waverley Novels and “Xenophon's Cyclobetween Sunset and Sunrise, in the Panjab and English-German Dictionary. He is incorpor- paedia.” Kashmir. The volume will contain, among ating into it all the colloquial English words many others, the following stories :- “ Sir and phrases which our novels and society papers dents' Editions” of the Songs of Tennyson and

Messrs. OsGOOD, of Boston, announce "StuBumble,' " " The Rats Wedding,” “The Faith-contain. Dickens's “I, felt so all round my of The Princess, edited by Mr. W. J. Rolfe, ful Prince, ,"" The Bear's Bad Bargain,” “Prince hat,” Melville's “easy ” and “row all," and

the Shaksperian scholar; a handsome illustratul Lionheart, ""The Lambkin,” and “Bopoluchi,” the like will find their place in the new Care has been taken to give the stories a Dictionary, as well as Shakspere's puzzling of sketches by Mr. W. D. Howells, entitled

edition of The Lady of the Lake; and a volune literary form, so as to render them attractive expressions.

Three Villages. to all classes of readers, while the originals THE Académie française has awarded one have been faithfully followed. The work will half of the prix Bordin to M. James Darmesteter include, besides notes and an index, an intro- for his Essais sur la Littérature anglaise and his

OBITUARY. duction explaining, inter alia, the method of Essais orientaux. collection pursued by the authors. The price

FRIEDRICII NOTTER. will be 78. 6d.

It is proposed to commemorate the seventieth

birthday of Prof. Ernst Curtius, on September The veteran Dante translator and commenCAPT, R. F. BURTON is now printing, and Mr. 2, by presenting him with his own bust in tator, Friedrich Notter, who died at Stuttgart

, Quaritch will publish, the fifth volume of his marble.

in his eighty-fourth year, on February 15, Camoens series, containing the first lyrics. The posthumous works of Berthold Auerbach record. His first work on Dante, which the

ought not to be passed over without a brief sonnets (360), canzons, odes, and sestines. Vol. v. will soon appear, with the octaves, the

are to be published in three volumes. elegies, and the eclogues or idylls. first will be entitled Briefe an Jacob; the others title, Sechs Vorträge über Dunte and Dante, ein

peared twenty-three years ago (bearing the will consist of critical essays and fragmentary Romanzen-Kranz, two distinct works, but issued We also hear that Mr. J. J. Aubertin is sketches. preparing a second edition of his Lusiads, to

in one volume), consists of a prose commentary, be followed by a second edition of his Sonnets.

THE veteran Servian poet, Matia Ban, now and of a cycle of ninety-one romances, forming, Messrs. MACMILLAN announce an edition of tragedy on the subject of Hus, which he dedi- Commedia, and vividly representing the poet's

residing at Belgrade, has just published a so to say, a poetical commentary on the Divine the works of Thomas Gray, in four volumes, by cates to his Bohemian brethren.

life and times. This work was followed, ten years Mr. Edmund W. Gosse. MR. F. ANSTEY's novel, “The Giant's Robe," French translation of The Subaltern, an early with a detailed introduction and numerous notes

M. CHARLES GUIARD will shortly publish a

later, by a complete German version of Dante's

great poem(two volumes, 1871-72), supplementeri which is now running through the Cornhill, work of the late Chaplain-General of the Forces, will be issued at the end of the present month with notes and appendices.

on its theological and philosophical probleins, in a single volume, and at a low price.

It should be mentioned as

a peculiarity of MR. JUSTIN H. MCARTHY—the son, not the fact that a writer in the current number of the the less monotonous interchange of female for

A CORRESPONDENT calls our attention to the Notter's poetical version that it first introduced father--will publish shortly a little volume Westminster Review (p. 422), when quoting the dissyllabic) and male (or monosyllabic) rhymes entitled England under Gladstone. familiar lines,

crossing each other in the first and third, the East by West: a Journey in the Recess, will “Where thou, Great Anna, whom three realms second and fourth lines; whereas the original, be the title of Mr. Henry Lucy's forthcoming obey,

as a rule, uses only the female rhyme, as book describing a visit to the United States, Dost sometimes counsel take and sometimes demanded by the euphony of the Italian lanJapan, and India. A portion of the work has tea,”


H. KREBS. appeared in the Daily News, but more than half attributes them to “a rhymester whose name will be new. we forget.”

On Easter Monday the “ Barabbas ” of the

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »