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but he has done this much more intelligibly in rounded and perfected presentment which good as some of his works are, there must the prose note which accompanies his poem than makes a good

sonnet one of the best, as it be few persons, even among such as are thorin the poem itself.

is also one of the most difficult, forms of verse. oughly well informed on literary subjects, who Primroses. (Griffith & Farran.) This is an

We do not find that Mr. Grant's later sonnets have so much as heard Mr. Brent's name. elegy on the Earl of Beaconsfield. It is designed are an advance upon his earlier ones; but the

Anima Christi. By J. S. Fletcher. (Bradas "a tribute to the greatness of the man whose present volume has a distinct freshness of theme

ford: Fletcher.) Unless we have failed to life was of too heroic a stature to be adequately which is agreeable to the mind weary of catch the drift of this volume, it is a sort of delineated in the cold and exact language of The poems are chiefly descriptive of Canadian of the workings of the author's soul in the

psychological study, intended to afford a view prose for uses 80 exalted as his thought and life and scene, and are vigorous and graphic as theme require reminds us of the sublime conpoems, as well as interesting and valuable as

development of faith. Beginning with what

we fear is a cheap, if not vulgar, type of tempt of all language which we sometimes find glimpses of things that are strange to us.

We in the wise folks who tell us that words are

trust the time is not far distant when the scepticism, the writer is landed at last, mainly powerless to express their feelings. Just as younger poets will see what the older poets devout wife, in the most reposeful belief in the

through the sorrows incident to the death of a words served Shakspere, however, for the utter- have always recognised—that it is as much their ance of his emotion, so the cold and exact business as it is the busices of the historian the latter condition is certainly not

intended to language of prose

" has hitherto served the world for all that required to be said of Lord they are quite sure that they have something to convey anything more than a just idea of the Beaconsfield. We much fear that the eulogy of say, of necessity better than physical or meta- type of Christianity, which Mr. Fletcher ulti

even potological,

mately espouses. the author of the present elegy will not add physical, psychological or

There may well be some

difference of opinion as to the value of this sensibly

to the heroic stature which it is meant accounts of themselves. There is one poem in dramatic method of working out a problem in to panegyrise. With the narrative part of the Mr. Grant's book which seems to us to be no poem that tells the story, often prosaic enough, than fine in its virile beauty of subject. It is way in which it is done. So much rough-shod

less touching in its simple rugged treatment psychology; but there can be none as to the we fear, of the early life of the subject, are interwoven a number of lyrical pieces entitled entitled, “Done his Duty-and more," and is metre we have not often met with even ainong

the lesser poets. ** The Songs of the People.” These strike us as the story of an engine-driver who sees a goods

Ilaria, and other Poems. By Ernle S. W. by no means wanting in force, fervour, pathos, train coming down upon the train he drives, and rugged beauty. We regret to say, how- and, to save his passengers, uncouples his Johnson. (Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.) This ever, that in their present connexion they seem engine, charges and upsets the approaching little book shows considerable feeling for beauty to be open to an objection which two lines of train, and loses his own life as a sacrifice to in external nature, but no great hold of human the “Primroses ” help us to formulate duty.

passion. The glamour and mystery of the

world have taken hold of the writer's imagina* But these remarks, as counsel might observe, The Daisy Chain. By Baroness Swift. (Venice.) | tion. His way of looking upon life is what we

Have no connexion with my client's case.” It is not easy to express an opinion on the merits would call scenic, as distinguished from draOnnalinda:

:a Romance. (New York: Putnam.) of the poems in this little Venetian publication, matic, meaning that he sees things in the mass, This long poem, half-epic, half-dramatic, in form, which, having been privately printed, is dedicated and generally with a veil of sentiment between is intended to champion the cause of the Indian to the Queen of Italy. The work is composed about him and them-not individually, and with, as it against the poliey of extermination which the equally of original lyrics and translations. The were, a bright light penetrating and surroundDepartment of the Interior in the United States latter are chiefly from Goethe, Heine, and Her- ing every object. The following sonnet is fairly Government appears to be practising even yet, der, with occasional fragments from Victor representative of the body of the book; the despite the best that Fenimore Cooper and Hugo and from Spanish and Italian poetry. The tenth line is very weak, but the last line has á writers of his class and of his sympathies could versions of “Mignon” and “The Erl King” fine ring on our ear :do. That there is danger of the annihilation of may be said to reproduce the substance of the

“ In the ripe heyday of the summer's height what remnant still remains of the Indian race is original poems with accuracy and effect. The

A blighting sadness falls from cloudless skies, sufficiently obvious; and, in the absence of lyrics of Heine fare less well at the poetess's

And souls which inward peer with curious authentic data whereby to judge of the cruelties hands. The airy delicacy of Heine's touch can

eyes attributed to the fugitive tribes, it is not easy to only be imitated by a hand almost equally deft. Find fairest dreams the prey of foulest night. form a judgment of the policy of the Govern- The original verses are always well meant, Allurement cheats, and like a bubble breaks, ment. It is conceivable that in some blind way and often pretty as to general idea. Where Unstable even in memory, though in sight the Indians feel their best instincts outraged by they fail is perhaps in finish. The authoress How far out-matching absent fancy's might the encroachments of the white man. The might do well to put herself in training for To paint the contour of her roseate cheeks.

What broken work is this, which breaks the sacred bones of their forefathers may be maturer products by a study of the metrical arts.

hearts ploughed up by the builders of cities; and this Her present volume is suffused with a com

Of poets in their early manhood? Doom act, and all such acts, done unwittingly by the inendable poetic sentiment.

For generous breath how hard, to leave the white races, may constitute atrocities in the eyes The Poetical Works of John Brent. In 2 vols. bloom of the Indians which explain and palliate, if they (Kent.) It would appear that Mr. Brent him

Of fond enticing charm ere youth departs, do not atone for, the brutal massacres sometimes self prepared these two luxurious volumes for the

From Juliet's garden through sad Elsinore committed by wandering tribes. Indeed, there press, but that, as he died before their publica

Driven to Cordelia's tomb on the lone moor." may be more deliberate and wanton outrage tion, his executors have carried out his wishes

Sir Pieces for Recitation. By Harding Cox. chargeable to the intruder on the Indians' in respect of them. It is always an ungracious (Griffith & Farran.) The poems appear to be territory. Onnalinda records the legendary thing to disparage a writer who is newly taken well adapted for public recitation. They are achievements of the Iroquois princess whose from us, and, indeed, in this instance, we feel dramatic, and they are written with cumulaadroitness baffled the French general and no desire to do so. The poems are for the most tive effect of incident ending sensationally, as whose beauty fascinated Capt. Stark in the part greatly in advance of the average verse

a rule, and leaving the emotion at its highest invasion of the Genesee Valley. Naturally the which falls to the lot of the present critic to pitch. Quite the best in the little collection is meagre legend has undergone considerable review. They have a smooth fluency, an easy the piece entitled " The Murder,” in which a amplification, and now ends in the most ap- grace, a certain excellence of directness and costermonger tells in the language of Whiteproved fashion of a society novel, by the Charm of simplicity. We do not find that the chapel the story of how he came to murder his pacification of the black chieftain and the dis- author's materials had ever mastered him, nor do wife. The theme looks unpromising, but the covery of noble Saxon

relations for the beautiful we find that he had mistaken ideas of the sub- sympathy is skilfully managed in the murderer's princess. The lines of the poem run smoothly jects proper to poetry, or an exaggerated sense

favour, and the pathos is of that rude and enough, and have an occasional felicity of forin. of his own powers to deal with the themes which simple kind which usually proves contagious Perhaps the gravest fault of the poem as a he had proposed to himself. “Atalanta " is no among an audience. whole is slowness of movement. unworthy production ; “Winnie” is a sweet Windows of the Church,

Echoes from Theocritus, Prairie Pictures. By John Cameron Grant. little idyll; and some of the shorter lyrics have Cytisus and Galingale

. By Edward C. Lefroy: (Longmans.) We did not greatly care for Mr. qualities of beauty. We should be disposed to Blackheath: Burnside.) The three booklets of Grant's last book, A Year of Life, chiefly, say that, as a minor singer, Mr. Brent deserves sonnets bearing severally the above names seem pírhaps, because its Preface seemed to exhibit to stand well with the public. Verse of the to us of very remarkable merit. Rarely ina good deal of pretentiousness that was scarcely same merit made considerable repułations for deed do we meet with so much knowledge and justified by the work itself. But the sonnets men and women sixty to eighty years ago. The love of nature as some of the sonnets in the contained in that volume were much better than number of reasonably good writers has in- first of the three exhibit, and rarely has the the critical disquisition which accompanied creased enormously since then, and what great pastoral poet been so freely transmuted them; and we were able to commend them strikes us as curious is that there is thought without loss of his spell. It is Mr. Lefroy's for some grasp of style, some fluency and to remain any place in literature for Mr. distinction that his material never masters him, force, if not for that special excellence of Brent's “Poetical Works.” We fear that, and of the difficulties of the form of art he has

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chosen he hides away almost every trace. His proclamation of the Republic is prefaced by Ethel Harraden's musical setting of his "Wilt sonnets are about as little laboured as Mrs. an extract from a speech by the author to the thou change too ? the first section of Browning's, to whose Portuguese series a few electors of Gloucester. Shall we have a “James Lee's Wife,” which we mentioned last of the best bear a fine affinity. A breezy Republic ? ” it asks, and then replies:

week, that he has given her leave to set any healthfulness of thought and feeling plays "No, gentlemen, revolution is poison. : Revo.

others of his poems that she likes. But why around a poem like this :

lutionism standing on the precipice of that abyss does not Mr. Browning set his own poems to “ Here is the hill-top. Look! Not moor or fen, which yawns for the annihilation of the State of music? His powers in that way have been

Not wood or pastures, circles round the steep; England, and the archangel of our British Consti- known since his youth. He must have his own But houses upon houses, thousand-deep, tution shrieking out, in his might and in his power he not give them to the world ? Who will get

une for every poem he has written. Why will The merchant's palace and the pauper's den.

to our hearts-Beware, ye men of England.' We are alone,- beyond all human ken ;

We are sorry to observe that the author has them out of him for us, as Lady Cowper got Only the birds are with us and the sheep. We are alone ; and yet one giant's-leap

himself usurped the office of the archangel in Balaustion's Adventure," as his pretty, flatterWould land us in the flood of hurrying men.

question, for listen to shrieking out” like ing dedication to that poem says
this :-

We hear that Mr. J. A. Symonds is engaged
If e'er I step from out that turbid stream
To spend an hour in thought, I pass it here: “ An Emperor smitten, not slain,

upon a new work, which will shortly be comFor good it is across our idlest dream

Smitten sore by the treason of knaves, pleted. It consists of a treatise upon Latin To see the light of manhood shining clear; Thou shalt rise, O Napoleon, to crush,

Mediaeval Student Songs, the Goliardic literaAnd solitude is sweetest, as I deem,

'Neath thy heel those abortions of slaves; ture of the twelfth century, also known as When half-a-million hearts are beating near.” 'Neath thy heel shalt thou crush them to death, Carmina Burana or Carmina Vagorum. Mr. Mr. Lefroy's sonnets ought to be better known. Them who have poisoned with pestilent breath

Symonds has translated a large portion of these In substance they resemble those of Charles

The good thou hast done

for thy beautiful France songs into rhyming metres corresponding closely Tennyson Turner.

In the days of thy might and magnificence.”

with the originals. Hitherto none of these Poems. By Patty Honeywood. (Kegan Paul, It is hardly, wonderful that the poor man poems, with one exception, he believes, have Trench, & Co.) The best that we can say of It is nothing to the author, evidently, that his of his work is intended to be a study of the

found their way into English verse. The whole this little book is that it exhibits a measure

earliest Renaissance. of taste, and shows that the author has a silly prophecy was falsified. certain susceptibility to sentiment of the Later Life Jottings. By R. R. Bealey. We understand that the MS. of Prof. F. W. humbler kind. Possibly there are vast numbers (Manchester : Tubbs, Brook, & Chrystal.) This Newman's book on the origin of Christianity of young ladies in the world who have this is an unambitious volume of verse, partly has been sent to the printer. susceptibility moderately developed. That rustic, chiefly homely. Mr. Bealey is in the every young lady so endowed does not appear fortunate position of having no

“ message

“A ROMAN SINGER,” by Mr. F. Marion

Crawford, which has been running through the as a poet is perhaps due in equal parts to the and belonging to no “school.” We would be

Atlantic Monthly, will be published by Messrs. susceptibility to humour which saves so many sorry to disparage either messages or schools Macmillan & Co. on May 20. from treacherous pitfalls and to the sheer in the abstract; but in the concrete they are inability of others to overcome technical diffi- sometimes dread things to encounter. A series

MESSRS. ISBISTER will published next week a culties-in short, to rhyme. Miss Patty Honey- of “Short Thoughts ” of the nature of epi- work on Contemporary Socialism, by Mr. John wood's volume is much simpler and less grams in prose and verse close the book. The Rae. It contains an exposition and criticism pretentious, and fully as pleasant and quite as best “short thought” we can find is this :

of scientific socialism, as taught by Lassalle valuable, as some of the bardic productions

and Marx, of what is called Socialism of the

" As dew is to rain, of most of the poets of the other sex. Her

Chair," of Christian Socialism, and of Nihilism;

So poetry to prose, book is dedicated to Lord Wolseley, to whom

Both water, but 'twere vain

and a special chapter is devoted to Mr. Henry she offers a poetic address.


The difference to disclose. The Lily of the Lyn, and other Poems. By

Who sees it, sees it plain,

PROF. HALES' forthcoming volume of reH. J. Skinner. (Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.)

Who sees not, blindness shows."

printed papers will be entitled Essays and Notes The longest poem in this book is a

on Shakespeare. It will appear this month. tive called “A Song of the Sea." It is

NOTES AND NEWS. a sort of combination of “Enoch Arden"

MR. FISHER Unwin has in the press a new and “Dora,” with the intermixture of some MR. SWINBURNE, we hear, is likely before long will be published under the title of Measured

volume of verse by Mr. Ernest Radford, which original treachery. We fear we must say that to bring out a new volume of critical essays. Steps. the story does not carry us along as we read it. When the poet's aim is story-telling, his June 1 the first volume of a new library edition the eighth edition of Tischendorff's New

TestaMESSRS. MACMILLAN & Co. will publish on

The long-expected volume of Prolegoment to first business is to avoid everything that im- of the works of the Poet Laureate, to be com- ment will be published this month by. Mestre pedes the action. Mr. Skinner had probably pleted in seven volumes, issued monthly, at five Williams & Norgate. It has been written by not quite made up his mind as to whether it was his function to tell a story or to use a


each. A limited edition on hand-made Dr. Caspar René Gregory, of Leipzig, with the story. The difference between these two will paper will be issued, in sets only, at the rate of assistance of the late Prof. Ezra Abbot

, of at once appear when Scott's poetic romances half-a-guinea a volume.

Harvard, who died only last March, Prefixed are placed side by side with Keats's "Endy- THIE announcement made some weeks ago of is a short Life of Tischendorf, and the history of mion.”. Our young poets can hardly hope for the title of Mr. Browning's new volume, Seriora, the text includes a collation of the two recent success in narrative verse until they see clearly has led some of his readers to believe that it is editions of Tregelles and of Westcott and Hort

. what it is that they are doing. Mr. Skinner in the press. But this is not the case. The This volume deals only with the uncial M88.; gives us some “Stanzas to Maud” which are MS. has not yet left the author's hands. It will the cursives, with the early versions and the full of passion. “The Lily of the Lyn” has probably not be finished much before the end ecclesiastical writers, are reserved for another more of the spirit of Heathcliff in Emily of the season, and may not be ready even then. volume. Brontë's weird and unreal, but powerful, ro- MR. BROWNING has made slight revisions in The Society for Promoting Christian Knowmance than commends itself to our sympathy. many of his poems in the forthcoming new ledge will publish during May the following This may be best described as female Byronism. cheap edition of his two volumes of Selections. works: - In the series entitled "Dawn of There is a good deal too much of it in modern Mr. Grant White has set Mr. Furnivall and his European Literature,” Anglo-Saxon Literature

, minor poetry.

fellows of the Browning

Society a good ex- by Prof. Earle; in the series " Early Britain." Two Gallian Laments. By E. St. John- ample by collating at least one former happy Norman Britain, by the Rev. W. Hunt; in Brenon. (Reeves & Turner.) This author is change in "Bishop Blougram,” where the old "Non-Christian Religious Systems,Buddhism not under the reproach of a vague female | line,

in China, by Prof. 8. Beal; in "The Home Byronism. There is no lack of shrill vehemence

“While the great bishop rolled him out his Library,Thoughts and Character : being Selecof speech in these “Laments." The first of mind,"

tions from the Writings of the Author of the them is a “Lament on Republican France,” appeared in 1880 as

Schönberg-Cotta Family; in “The People's intended as a reply to Mr. Swinburne's “Ode on Republican France;

Library,Biographies of Working-men, by Mr. the second is a

“While the great bishop rolled him out a mind, “ Lament on the Death of Napoleon III.,"

Long rumpled, till creased consciousness lay smooth." Grant Allen ; also The Guild of Good Life: a

Narrative of Domestic Health and Economy, by which, though printed in 1873, is now " for the which Mr. Grant White well calls “a very Dr. B. W. Richardson; Thrift and Independence

, first time given to the world."' It must be said fine example of that concentrated form of ex- by the Rev. W. Lewery Blackley; and, among that the world” to which such poems are "given” has a bad trick of looking

the gift which Browning alone of all poets approaches, and Times, by Canon Pennington; Life of John horses in the mouth. The lament on the de- and frequently approaches, Shakspere.

Wycliffe, by F. D. Matthew ; Our Maories, by generacy of France consequent upon the Mr. Browning is so well pleased with Miss the late Lady Martin; Lettice, by Mrs. Moles



worth; Modern Egypt : its Witness to Christ, | the Black Hole, which was excavated not long Parsons Lathrop, 36; W. W. Story, 36 ; by the Rev. H. B. Ottley; Types and Antitypes ago for a short time, and of which the actual Francis Parkman, 34. of Our Lord, with illuminations from thirteenth- floor and walls were exposed, has now been century missals and other sources; and Chris filled in and paved over with stone slabs. A

The New York Publishers' Weekly has taken tianity" Judged by its Fruits, by the Rev. Dr. C. tablet of white marble

, bearing the following the

subject of international copyright. Out of

a sort of plébiscite of American publishers on Croslegh.

A CONTRIBUTION to the literature of criminal diate neighbourhood :—“The stone pavement fifty-five replies, only three are opposed to any trials is about to be published by Mr. Thos. D. near this marks the position and size of the concession, and thirty-one support the DorsMorison, of Glasgow. The work gives a general prison cell in Old Fort William, known to heimer Bill. In short, view of the resurrectionists in Scotland, with a history as the Black Hole of Calcutta.” “It is safe to say that the trade almost unani.

mously favour international copyright; that twospecial account of the Burke and Hare tragedies THE famous house “ zum rothen Schilde" in thirds do not require manufacture in this country in Edinburgh, bringing out the social, legal, the Judengasse of Frankfort, where the founder as a condition, though there is a strong

feeling in nd medical bearings of the case. The writer of the Rothschild family was born in 1743, is Philadelphia and among some other houses in is Mr. George MacGregor, author of The His about to be demolished for the sake of public favour of such a clause as either a sine qua non or tory of Glasgow, and editor of the Collected improvements. The Judengasse has for some desirable ; that the passage of the Dorsheimer Bill Writings of Dougal Graham.

time lost its old picturesqueness, though the would be welcomed by a large majority of the Messrs. CASSELL & Co. have made arrange- piety of the Rothschilds

has hitherto preserved two less important modifications would receive ments with the directors of the Great Western their “Stammbaus” untouched.

Even now almost unanimous support." Railway Company for the production of an they have attempted to restrain by legal proofficial illustrated Guide to that railway, which ceedings the action of the Frankfort munici

THE most recent édition de luxe announced in will be published next month at one shilling. pality, but in vain.

America is one of Pepys's Diary, in ten volumes, It will be illustrated with engravings, a com

printed from Mr. Mynor Bright's transcription plete series of route maps, and " bird's-eye contains

reviews of several English books Dr. 165.

THE Literarisches Centralblatt of March_29 of 1876. The number of copies is limited to view" maps printed in colours.

Murray's New English Dictionary, Dr. MartinMESSRS. HAMILTON, ADAMS, & Co, will pub- eau's Study of Spinoza, Mr. W. Ross's Early Lang has been appointed "editorial represen

THE American papers state that Mr. Andrew lish at an early date a Wordsworth Birthday History of Land-holding among the Germans, tative” of Harper's Monthly in England. Book, compiled by Mr. J. R. Tutin, of Hull, which and Mr. Wharton's Etyma Graeca. has been in the press for some time. It will

ACCORDING to Rowell's American Newspaper have a portrait of the poet in his twenty-eighth A CORRESPONDENT writes :

Directory, the total number of newspapers and year.

“In the Academy of April 26, writing of the periodicals of all kinds at present issued in the MESSRS. GRIFFITH & FARRAN have in the Edinburgh tercentenary, you speak of the strictly United States and Canada amounts to 13,402, press a narrative of a walking-tour in France, academical aspect of the gathering, removed being an increase of 1,600 in the last twelve entitled Through Auvergne on Foot, by Mr. equally from politics and from ecclesiasticism." months.

This statement by no means conveys the universal Edward Barker. impression, and is hardly, I think, consistent with

A SECOND series is announced of “Johns MESSRS. S. W. SILVER & Co. will shortly the facts of the case. Politics' were, happily, Hopkins University Studies in Historical and publish, at the office of the Colonies and absent, but the doings of the week were ushered in Political Science,” specially devoted to Insti

The series India, a Handbook to Canada, compiled by Mr. by a solemn religious service, attended, with every tutions, Economics, and Politics. E. Hepple Hall.

circumstance of pomp and dignity, by the univer- will appear, like the first, at monthly intervals,

sity authorities and their distinguished guests; one at the price of three dollars (12s.) for the whole; We understand that the article on "The of the most important functions of the meeting, and the first will be entitled New Methods of Censorship of the Stage” in the current number again, the conferring of degrees, was opened in Studying History, by the editor-in-chief, Prof, of the IVestminster Review is written by Mr. Scottish fashion with prayer. Several of the Herbert B. Adams. The publishers in England William Archer. It gives a history of the sub- foreign visitors were greatly struck by this practical

are Messrs. Trübner. ject, with special reference to the Report of blending of 'sound learning and religious knowthe Select Committee of 1866, and concludes ledge.' Count Saffi alluded to it publicly, and a A CORRESPONDENT writes to us from Boston with a strong appeal in favour of freedom. distinguished Belgian professor remarked with re- that a handsome square in that city has recently

gret that such express and united homage to been named Copley Square in honour of the We may also mention that the article in the religion, by such an assembly, would have been painter John Singleton Copley, who was a current number of the Quarterly on “ Lauder- impossible in any other country in Europe.” native of Boston. He adds that some differdale and the Restoration in Scotland” is We print the above out of consideration for our ence of opinion exists as to the right pronunwritten by Mr. Osmund Airy, who, as our correspondent, though we need hardly say that ciation of the name. Local opinion is in favour readers know, is editing a valuable collection he has mistaken our meaning. The absence of of “Copley,", but it is suggested that it is of Lauderdale papers for the Camden Society.

what is understood at least in England—by usually * Copley” in England. We can assure Miss M. E. CHRISTIE is contributing to the ecclesiasticism” is quite consistent with all him that English usage here follows American. Journal of Education a series of novelettes on that he writes.

The Nation of April 17, in a first review of subjects of school and university life, the first

Dr. Murray's New English Dictionary, thus instalment of which, “Monsieur du Beau : a

concludes :Lesson in Deportment,” appears in the current number.


• It is an act of simple justice to say that, if this

lexicon is completed on the plan on which it has At the sale in Bath last Tuesday of the The following is the result of the competi- been begun, it will take equal rank as regards its library of Mr. Sheppard, of Keyford House, tion instituted by the Critic for admission into intrinsic excellence with the two great works pub. Frome, the British Museum acquired for an imaginary Academy of “native American lished or publishing in French and German, and £14 148. an illuminated MS. of Bracton's De authors of the sterner sex” :-Oliver Wendell in many matters of detail will be superior to them

both." Legibus et Consuetudinibus Angliae which is Holmes, 130 votes ; James Russell Lowell, 128; dated 1260, and therefore contemporary with John Greenleaf Whittier, 125; George Banthe author. At the same sale à volume of croft, 121 ; William Dean Howells, 119; George English Chronicles, printed at Antwerp in 1493, William Curtis, 118; Thomas Bailey Aldrich,

ORIGINAL VERSE. was sold for £32 11s.; Barker's royal folio 111; Francis Bret Harte, 105; Edmund

LOVE'S TUTOR edition of the Bible (1583), in the original Clarence Stedman, 104; Richard Grant White, binding, £4 12s.; and several County Histories 102; Edward Everett Hale, 100; George W.

(Being the third idyll of Bion). also fetched good prices.

Cable, 87; Henry James, 66; S. L. Clemens Great Cypris stood by me still slumbering:
(“Mark Twain "), 84; Charles Dudley Warner,

Love like a child by her fair hand she led
“Mohammedan Mahdis
84; Henry Ward Beecher, 83; James Freeman

drowsy to earth, and just this word she said, Friday next, May 9, at the Royal Institution. Clarke, 82; Richard Henry Stoddard, 82; , and so departed. Many a pastoral thing,

“Dear shepherd, take and teach my Love to sing,” William Dwight Whitney, 77; Walt Whitman, At the meeting of the Clifton Shakspere 76; Asa Gray, 69; Noah Porter, 66; John

(ah-child !) as though he cared to learn I taught; Society held on April 26, the following papers Fiske, 62; Theodore D. Woolsey, 57; A. Bron- Hermes the lyre, Apollo his sweet string.

how Pan his pipe, the flute Athene wrought, were read:-“A Defence of the Historical In

son Alcott, 55; Juliun Hawthorne, 55; John I taught, but of my words he took no heed, accuracies' of Henry VIII.,by Miss Florence Burroughs, 52; Mark Hopkins, 52; Thomas W. Herapath;

but himself sang such songs as lovers wot, "The Burning of the Globe Wentworth Higginson, 49 ; John G. Saxe, 49 ; and taught me all men long for passionately Theatre, 1613,” by the Rev. H. P. Stokes ; Octavius Brooks Frothingham, 48; George P. and Gods, and of his mother many a deed, and "Buckingham and Shakspere,” by Mr. Fisher, 47; Moses Coit Tyler, 45; Charles A. And all that I taught Love I clean forgot,

Dana, 44; Donald G. Mitchell, 41; Alexander but got by heart the lesson Love taught me. We learn froin the Calcutta Englishman that Winchell, 38; Edwin P. Whipple, 37; George


discourse on


John Taylor.




MAX MÜLLER ON BUDDHIST CHARITY. less charity than an educational rate on the whole that their State was suffering from a drought. THE following is a summary of a lecture on marry and found a family, to perform sacrifices, regretting that they had asked nothing more. The “Buddhist Charity,” delivered by Prof. Max give alms, and show hospitality. (3) When he got enraged people, however, ask the king to punish Müller at the Kensington Town Hall on Thurs- gray and his sons grew up, he was to retire into Vessantara, who is therefore banished to the rock day last, April 25, M. Clermont-Ganneau in the forest to mortify the flesh, to give up, all Vankagiri, with his wife and children. All his the chair. It was the first of a series upon sacrifices, to live as an ascetic, entitled, if need be, treasures are given away by the prince before he

to receive alms, but commanded also to show sets out, and 1,000 waggons sent by the queen. “ The Charities of the World,” undertaken on behalf of the Metropolitan Society for Befriend- hospitality and to meditate on the mysteries of mother are distributed in alms. Two beggars ask

the world. (4) He was to become a Bhikshu, or for the horses of the chariot, and are given them. ing Young Servants.

beggar, a homeless hermit, with his head shaven, Indra, chief of the gods, replaces them by four "I come in obedience to a promise which I had and dependent upon charity for his very life, divine horses, but Vessantara soon gives away the given because I always sympathise with those who regarding God as his own highest life. This is chariot, and the little family go forth living on the have the courage to do small things. The work of the ideal life in Vedic times. The first and fruits and drinking pond water. For seven days the Society for Befriending Young Servants was second periods of life are entirely priestly, but at they stay in the kingdom of the wife's father, and such hopeless and yet such hopeful work. The last all ceremonies and books are regarded as vain ; then proceed to their place of exile. When they spirit in which it must be undertaken is that of the polytheism is given up; the devotee believes in one arrive at the rock, they live as ascetics in separate child who tried to pick up all the pebbles on the God, and then finds that one God to be Brahman, huts. At last comes an old Brahman, grim as an sea beach, and when carried home by her nurse,

or his own highest self. All Buddhism came executioner, and asks for the two children as dropping her treasures as she went along, still from this. Young and old began to ask why slaves. Even this the father grants, but the poor proudly showed one she retained, and said, all this preliminary preparation was necessary; mother swoons when she hears it. When she reMother, I have saved one.' And so to save even why not proceed at once to the third and fourth covers, however, she exclaims, 'Better is the one young girl in the ebb and flow of modern stages ? and at last the Brahmanic dikes gave way Buddhahood than 100 children, if only we may London life would be a work to which I felt that before the flood of Buddhism. Sacrifices were share the reward with all the world.' Indra comes if I could contribute I must not say No.

forbidden; the Vedas were to be treated as ordinary disguised as a Brahman and asks for the wife, "The subject of Buddhist charity is a very books; futile penances were abolished. “If the After a moment's pause she, too, is given up, but attractive one. It was the late Dean of West- solitary life is better, why not be at once homeless ?' Indra reveals himself, and bids them never more minster who said, 'In former times Gautama was it was asked, and so Buddha named his disciples part. Finally, the old Brahman dies, the children unknown to us, and now he is second to one only.' the homeless.' The Buddhist Church was founded. return, the royal family come in state to reclaim There was a time when you could not be a true The new society was a refuge for the poor, the Vessantara, who reigns, and is born only once believer in your own religion without believing all destitute, and the weary. No one outside it was more, as Gautama, the Buddha. the others to be false-one a voice from heaven, upbraided, if only he gave alms. Within it no “ Such is the Buddhist solution of poverty by and all others voices from the very opposite. one owned any personal property. Such was the charity. To give not only alms out of our abund. Each religion was held to the exclusion of all the misery of this country, seemingly an earthly ance, but all that is dearest to us in the world, life, rest. But now we have learned to treat all dia- Paradise, that many thronged to get in. Once wife, children, and thus to save the world from lects of faith, or all religions, with perfect equality. admitted (and there were restrictions), the neo- ignorance, sin, and transmigration-this is BudThe more belief we have in our own, the more we phyte is shaved, wears a yellow cloak, and is dhist charity. One more Buddha is expected to are inclined to regard others with tenderness, and supported on alms. Twice daily did the brothers appear on earth, under the name of Maitreya, even indulgence. An ever-increasing interest is collect alms. Some gave rice, some gave lands; a name derived from maitri, love. Love is taken in the sacred books of the East. Formerly the and so the communities became rich. This was

than the law,

than charity. theological student never read more than his Old Buddha's solution of the question of poverty. Buddha says: 'As mother at the risk and New Testaments, and perhaps, if learned, the His attempt to found a new state of society of her own life protects her child, so let love Korán. Now the Clarendon Press has published deserves our whole attention. The regulations of prevail.' Then the saying will be fulfilled, in twenty-four volumes translations of the most the brotherhood will be found translated in The Even in this world holiness has appeared.' Has important among the canonical books of the Sacred Books of the East,' Clarendon Press, Oxford, that Maitreya, that Buddha of Love, been mani. ancient religions of the world.

vols. xiii., xvii., and xx. Buddhism and charity fested? Will Buddhists ever learn it? Or has be “By Buddhism I mean no fashionable fancy are synonymous. The brothers lived on the not yet appeared ? and are we, like Gautama, still religion, esoteric or exoteric, but the genuine his- alms of the lay supporters. Charity is the very five hundred years before Christ? No doubt torical Buddhism founded about 500 B.C. There soul of Buddhism. Charity, courtesy, and un- Buddhist charity has its metaphysical side. We is no doubt about its date. The inscrip- selfishness are to the world what the lynch pin is are to love our neighbours as ourselves, becauz tions of King Asoka in the third century to the rolling chariot,' say the Pitakas. The six they are as ourselves. We are all rays of one B.c. are scattered all over Northern India, from virtues or Paramitâs are charity, morality, earnest- light, glances of one mind; and in loving our Afghanistan to Orissa, and are as clear as the ness, concentration, wisdom, and prudence. neighbours we love our true and larger selves. inscriptions of the Scipios. Secondly, we have The East is the home of parables ; most Then, as now, poverty and misery had reached a the canonical books. These are the Northern of ours come from Buddhist sources; and I climax. Absurd wealth was face to face with books in Sanskrit, and the Southern in Pâli. We will relate one or two in illustration of charity. hopeless penury. One man who would buy land have, in the latter, the accounts of the first First, however, I must explain to you the char. for the Buddhists could cover it with gold coin, council after Buddha, 477 B.C., and the second, 377 acter of the stories of former lives called another begged a pitiful handful of rice. Buddha B.c. The title of the Buddhist canon is Tripitaka, Gâtakas. No Hindu is silly enough to believe recommended no workhouses or parish relief. He the Three Baskets. The Southern Buddhist Church that his life begins with his existence here. did not say to the poor, Might is right. He comprises Ceylon, Burmah, and Siam ; the The perpetual puzzle of virtue not being, co- turned to the rich and said, "Give; give all that is Northern, India, Tibet, Mongolia, China, Japan. extensive with happiness, which some solve by a wanted; give, because nothing belongs to you: No doubt Buddhism has greatly changed, and its future life, and rewards and punishments there, the give, because life is a shadow; give to all

, because supporters differ very much. The metaphysical Buddhist solves by a former life. Is a man un- what you leave to your own children only mas Hindu and the Chinaman differ as much as Bishop happy ? he is so because of his former misdeeds. become a curse rather than a blessing. We have Berkeley differs from a plough-boy, but historical Let him beware of repeating them. Is he happy? our clubs and our slums, our St. James' and St. Buddhism

is really that of the received historical let him continue the virtue which has such a result. Giles”, and social economy stands helpless at the records. It seems to me, after a study of the Vedas, No one is exempt from this law of cause and effect, bedside of the dying man. One of the names of that Buddhism is really the natural development not even Buddha himself; for before he reached Buddha was the Great Physician. He mired : of the Indian mind in all its aspects-religious, Buddhahood (which is far above the gods), he went grain of faith, a grain of pity, a grain of wisdom, political, and social. It is of this last side I am through many preparatory stages. In one of these, and offered it. Buddha saw, as Christ saw, that to speak. Buddhism is here the full bloom, when he was fighting Måra or spirit of evil), charity, true charity, is the only remedy. Living while the Vedas were the bud. We wonder what Buddha asks his opponent, canst thou witness seeds are small. Buddha began with only fire room there can be for charity in so bountiful a to thy charity?' Mâra calls to his many fol. followers, but now he is second to one only.'" land as India, where man is so easily satisfied. lowers, who shout unanimous testimony for him. The woods, rivers, and plains bring forth abund- | ' And thou, Buddha ?' Buddha replies, 'I am antly. Even now a man lives on one shilling a all alone, but I will call on the earth to witness

SELECTED FOREIGN BOOKS. week, a woman on even less, and a married couple that I have performed 700 acts of charity,' and, on £5 a year. Yet in Buddha's time men came and taking his hand from under his cloak, he calls on

GENERAL LITERATURE. begged for a few rags or a handful of rice. The the earth. Immediately in thunderous tones the DAUDET, E.

Mademoiselle Vestiis. Paris : Plon. Hindus have always complained of being poor. earth bears witness, and the followers of Mâra

DIETRICHSON, L. Antinoos. Eine kunst-archäolog. Contrast the modern English beggar and the are smitten to the ground, and a voice exclaims Untersuchg. Christiania : Aschehoug. in. ancient Buddhist. Now we punish the beggar by Death [Mâra] is conquered ; Prince Buddha is FRIEDRICH, C. Die altdeutschen Gläser. Beitrangeres law; then the man who did not give was considered victor.'

. . Nürnberg : impious, and a heretic, and the beggar was regularly

Bieling. 6 M. “Here is a very early Gâtaka story, and one of HIPPEAU, E. L'Instruction publique en France pendant protected and honoured. Look at Brahmanism and the most popular. King Sanda had a son named la Révolution : Débats législatifs. Paris : Didier. its ideal life. True, we only see the ideal, but a man's Vessantara (Visvam-tara, all-giving), who, from 3 fr. 50 c. ideals often give a truer self than his miserable his birth, was full of charity. When he grew up,

LAMI, S. Dictionnaire des Sculpteurs de l'Antiquité failures. There were four stages in the life of he married, and begat two children. One day he

jusqu'au VI. Siecle de notre Ere. Paris : Didier. an orthodox Hindu-(1) The youth at the age was riding upon the white elephant (this was a real LAUBE, H. Franz Grillparzers Lebengeschichte. of eight years was appienticed to a master sage, white elephant, and could cause rain to fall). LIEBHABER BIBLIOTHEK alter [lustratoren in Facand learned studiously the Vedas. Every day he Eight Brahmans arrived from a neighbouring State þegged bread for himself and his teacher. This was and begged the elephant as an alms, Isaying

simile-Reproduction. 7. Bdchn. München : Hirth, 7 M. 50 PR.

4 fr.



deutscher MADEYSKI, S. P. Ritter v. Die leerlche Staatssprache esteem as to silently appropriate my facts, my of the Old Székely Regesek ” from the neigh

od. Oesterreich e. deutscher Staat. Wien: Hölder. conclusions, and even my very words. 3 M. 60 PR.

bourhood of Homoród :MICHOW, H. Die ältesten Karten v. Russland. Ham

The first two pages of Prof. Jebb's contribuburg: Friederichsen. 4M.

The snow is falling: de hó reme roma* MISTRAL, F. Serte : Nouvelle provençale. Paris : tion on early Greek history to the new edition

Hares and foxes are gambolling :
of the Encyclopaedia Britannica are largely We go into the village :
ORTOLI, J. B. F. Les Contes populaires de l'ile de borrowed, without acknowledgment, from two
Corse. Paris: Maisonneuve. 7 fr. 50 c.

Into the courtyard of “So-and-So":
SCHLETTERER, H. M. Studien zur Geschichte der articles of mine--one a letter in the ACADEMY

There we find an inhabited house :
tronzösischen Musik. 2. Thl. München: Callwey. of January 25, 1879, and the other an article
4 M. 50 Pf.

In it we see a made bed :
on “The Phoenicians in Greece" in the Con-
temporary Review for December 1878.

In it lies the good-natured master :
BORKOWSKY, E. Die englische Friedensvermittlung im closely has Prof. Jebb followed his text that he

By his side his gentle lady :

Between the two is a ruddy-faced child : Diplomatie König Georgs II. Berlin: Berggold. has even reproduced a misprint of such an

Who cheers thus his father and mother : 3 M.

obvious nature to anyone in the slightest deINSTITUTIONUM graeca paraphrasis Theophilo Antegree acquainted with comparative philology

Get up, my father! get up, my mother! cessori vulgo tributa. Ad fidem librorum manu

Because the regesek have come ! scriptorum rec.. prolegomenis, notis criticis in- that I did not think it necessary to have it struxit E. c. Ferrini. Pars I. Berlin : Calvary corrected in a subsequent number of the

It is an old custom : a big red bullock !

Half belongs to the regesek ! LEFEVRE PONTALIS, A. Jean de Witt, Grand Pension- ACADEMY. I little imagined that it would be

On its back are sixty sausages ! naire de Hollande. Paris : Plon. 16 fr.

appropriated by another writer. Prof. Jebb SATHAS, C. N. Monumenta Historiae Hellenicae. has further adopted and endorsed a theory of

Half belongs to the regesek! T. V. Paris : Maisonneuve. 20 fr. mine which I have since seen reason to abandon,

His horns are full of baked cakes! PHYSICAL SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY. and so late as last year has allowed Dr. Isaac

Half belongs to the regesek ! BONNENSIEG, G. C. W. Repertorium annuum litera

On the tuft of his tail is a pot of beer! turae botanicae periodicae. Tom. 8. Pars 1. Haar- Taylor in his admirable and conscientious work lem: Loosjes. 6 M. 50 Pf. on The Alphabet to refer to him as if he had

Half belongs to the regesek! BRUSINA, 3. Die Neriodonta Dalmatiens u. Slavoniens, arrived at it independently (I. ix., X., II. 24).

His ears are full of small coins ! nebst alterlei malakologischen Bemerkungen. But I will now willingly make him a present of

They shall be left for the master!
Agram: Hartman. 3 M.
GUENTIER, S. Lehrbuch der Geophysik u. physikal- it.

In his navel a bushel of hops !
ischen Geographie. 1. Bd. Stuttgart: Enke. 10M.
JOHN, V. Geschichte der Statistik.

These shall be left for the master!
1. TI.
Von dem

I will not waste the space of the ACADEMY
Ursprung der Statistik bis auf Quetelet (1835). by giving my original text and Prof. Jebb's re- His buttocks are full of hazel.nuts !

These shall be left for the child !
KRAUSE, A. Immanuel Kant wider Kuno Fischer. production of it in parallel columns, unless
Lahr: Schauenburg. 3 M.

Prof. Jebb desires it. It is enough to say that Will you let us in, good master?
KRUXENBERG, C. F. W Vergleichend-physiologische he has not only appropriated the facts I had If you don't we don't care !
REICHENOW, A. Bericht üb. die Leistungen in der got together from different quarters-some of We shall lock you in!

Naturgeschichte der Vögel während d. J. 1882. which had only an indirect bearing on questions Benn pisilel, benn kakalol : de hó reme róma. SAINT-MARTIN, Vivien de. Nouveau Dictionnaire de of Greek archaeology-as well as the opinions

Kriza asked a minister living in Kénos for Géographie universelle. T. 11. (DoJ). Paris : and theories I had quoted from other scholars, further information concerning the custom, and Hachette. 32 fr.

but he has also laid hands upon conclusions SCHMIDT: R. Equisetaceae selectae Germaniae medicale which I may claim to have been the first to village to the effect that, in olden times, the

was informed that a tradition existed in the mediae. 1. u. 2. Htt. A M. 80 Pf. Jena : Deistung: draw as well as upon the phrases I used and wooden figure of a red bullock used to be STEINDACHNER, F: Ichthyologische Beiträge. XIII. the translations I suggested for one or two carried to the house of the newly married, or UBACHS, c. L'Age et l'Homme préhistorique et ses Greek names. Yet my name is never mentioned newly arrived, couple on Christmas night, and Ustensiles de la station lacustre près Maestricht. either in the body or at the end of the article.

was by them dressed in the following way:ZOUMBEMANN Hateb. Hume's empirische Begründ I know that I ought not to complain of this, On the horns was hung a kind of cake ; † the ung der Moral. Wien: Gerold's Sohn. i M. 50 Pf. but, on the contrary, to be gratified that my

ears were filled with coins; a pot of homePHILOLOGY.

labours have been so highly approved of by a brewed ale swung on his tail ; cavities in the CHRISTIAN V. TROYES, sämmtliche Werke. Hrsg. v. w. critic who claims almost universal knowledge. buttocks were charged with hazel-nuts; and a

Foerster. 1. Bd. Halle: Niemeyer., 10 M. Felg, A. Das Wörterbuch der französischen Akademie. share the same fate which befell certain eminent Next day the singers arrived, and, as the song

I cannot but feel proud that I should now long sprig of hops stuck out of his navel (?). 1 Die erste Ausgabe d. Wörterbuches. Hamburg: writers at his hands on a former occasion. It went on, the various things were taken from the KESEBERG, A. Quaestiones Plautinae et Terentianae is only a pity that he should have considered a carved figure and handed round as they were

ad religionem spectantes. Köln: Neubner. i M. 20 Pt.

letter and a magazine article sufficient to ex- mentioned in the verses. REINISCH, L. Die Chamirsprache in Abessinien. I. haust the main questions connected with early Wien: Gerold's Sohn. 2 M. 80 Pf.

As already stated, this part of the ceremony ROHDE, D. Adjectivum quo ordine apud Caesarem et Greek archaeology.

exists but in tradition, and, according to the in Ciceronis orationibus conjunctum sit cum sub- I have observed other curious statements and testimony of the above-mentioned minister, stantivo examinavit D. R. Hamburg : Nolte. misstatements in Prof. Jebb's writings which

even people of eighty years of age say that SCHMID, G. Euripidea. De Ione. Leipzig: Fues. throw light on his mode of working and his they only know it as such. It is also very 1 M. 20 Pr.

qualifications for passing judgment on the remarkable that the above song is not used work of other scholars ; for the present, how anywhere else in Hungary save at Kénos

ever, I refrain from pointing any of them out. and in the county of Zală (where a variant CORRESPONDENCE.


is found), two places at a considerable distance THE ART OF COMPOSITION ACCORDING TO

from each other, and separated by two large

rivers-the Danube and Theiss-, plain, and Queen's College, Oxford : April 26, 1881.

A MAGYAR SONG OX ST. STEPHIEX'S DAY. the chain of high mountains dividing Hungary Prof. Jebb has done me the honour to devote

Thornton Lodge, Goxhill, Hull. Proper from Transylvania. But at one timean article in the current Edinburgh Review- My friend and fellow-worker, Mr. L. L. about the middle of the sixteenth century-the the authorship of which is an open secret-to Kropf, has pointed out to me a very curious custom appears to have been more general, and my recently published work on the Oriental old song that is sung on December 26 in certain is mentioned in a work I written (in Hungarian) History of Herodotos. About this article I do parts of Hungary. Kriza, in his Vadrózsák | by Kaspar Heltay, wherein the author states not intend to say anything. Most of the (Kolozsvár, 1863),"mentions, in a note to one of that “after the day of the birth of our Lord arguments advanced in it have been urged be the folk-songs, No. 268, that a peculiar custom Jesus Christ commences the great feast of the fore, and are answered in the new volume is observed in the village of Kénos, near Székely- Devil : the 'regelö' week. ... The heavy drinkof Hermathena; while in criticising my Egypt- Udvarhely, in Transylvania, on the day named. ing and 'regelés ' have no end.” ology, Prof. Jebb has evidently ventured upon un- If a young couple who belong to the place get The singers are still called regesek (plural of familiar ground, and through misunderstanding married, or if a married couple from some other reges), in Kénos, and regösök (plural of regos) his authorities has himself fallen into mistakes . place settle in the village during the year, groups in Zala,s words whose meaning

appears to be But it has been pointed out to me that this is of villagers gather together on the following St. but little understood by the present generation. not the first occasion on which Prof. Jebb has Stephen's Day and sing the appended song brought what I have written before the notice outside of the house inhabited by the new

Every line ends with this refrain, the meaning

of which is entirely lost. of the world. Whereas, now, however, he couple in the following manner :- First come

† Rolls twisted in the shape of a knot known in writes anonymously and makes my name public, the old folks, and sing ; next the middle-aged; heraldry as “Stafford's

knot.” on the previous occasion he suppressed my name and lastly the young ones. The first six verses

| Conrersation on the Dangerous Habit of Drinking and published only his own. His opinion of are sung in the courtyard, after which the and Revelling (1552). the value of my writings, moreover, has singers (who are called regesek) go close up to Ý E is often changed into ö (pronounced as in changed a good deal between the two occasions. the house door and there finish their ditty; nor German); e.9., a native of Szegedin would say, In 1884 he considers my authority to be worth- do they leave till they have been well feasted. “Üttem könyeret mögygyel," instead of "ettem less; four years ago he held it in such high | The following will give a fair idea of the “Song | kenyeret megygyel.”


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