Page images

and “

only a vague and indefinite notion. Nor is

The preliminary labour which Dr. Ginsburg the not very distant future, he at present only this very much to be wondered at, having has undergone in order not only to the pre- proposes to stimulate efforts preparatory to it

, regard to the ambiguous manner in which the sentation, but also to the completion and recti- He has mapped out the whole lexicographical



have fication of the Massorah, has been immense. material of Latin into 250 portions, each of been employed. Ten folio volumes in MS. are a monument of It may be here noted, as a hint to English

which is to be assigned to some one contributor. may be applied to the text of the Old Testa- careful toil.

the tem
porno them
and resta de

And, besides these, he had pre-scholars who have a little leisure and who love ment as a whole, including consonants, vowels, viously given to the world “The Massoreth learning, that Prof. Wölfflin desires to enlist accents, and other signs, together with such Ha-Massoreth of Elias Levita, being an Ex- fifty more collaborateurs to fill the gaps in his marginal notes as are usually printed in the position of the Massoretic Notes on the Hebrew regiment. Each contributor receives a free copy Hebrew Bible; or it may be taken as exclud- Bible, in Hebrew, with an English Transla- of the Archiv. Our younger graduates could ing the consonants, and having regard to the tion, and Critical and Explanatory Notes" find no worthier employment for their unoccutowels, accents, and notes ; or the word (London, 1867). Also, in 1865, he had pied hours, while the veterans would do well to “Massorah” may be employed with special published the Introduction to Bomberg's open up their accumulated stores. We have reference to the notes. As applied to the Rabbinic Bible, by Jacob ben Chayim, above gathered during a lifetime treasures of sur, notes, the Massorah has two divisions-into mentioned. The Massorah, as given by ben passing richness in this field, and who could Vassorah parva and Massorah magna, expres- Chayim, is now printed in the second volume ; make to the work now contemplated a contribusions which have reference respectively to but it extends only from p. 715 to p. 830, á tion greater than can be looked for from any the briefer notices in the margins at the two space less than that occupied by the single other European scholar, now that Georges and sides of the text, and to the fuller indications letter Aleph in Dr. Ginsburg's presentation of Paucker have passed away... The method of given at the top and bottom of the page in the Massorah. MSS.

Among curious particulars connected with Every six months a definite number of Latin The origin of the Massorah is involved in the work, one is the necessity which occurred tributors, who will return to the editor all the

linguistic problems will be issued to the conobscurity. The stoutly maintained positions for cutting new type, on account of the information bearing on them which can be of former days that both Massorah and vowel abnormal form of some letters found in one or derived from the portions of the material they points came from Moses on Mount Sinai, or more MSS. Thus there is a Zain with an have severally undertaken to examine. The from Ezra and the men of the Great Synagogue, appended curl, and a Yod which seems to be answers of the contributors will all be written are not likely, in these times, to meet with a connecting link between the Yod of the on cards of uniform size. As much of them as serious defenders. That the Massorah has square characters and the Yod of the old the editor thinks expedient will be published in been derived from diverse sources is sufficiently Hebrew and Phoenician. Then, as to the

the Archiv, but everything sent in will be careclear. And, probably, what has come down counting of the letters, which, as is well any time. Besides this, there will be printed in

fully preserved, and will be available for use at to us is but a small portion of the whole known, was one of the tasks of the Massoretes, the Archiv all sorts of aids to the study of Latin body of Massoretic tradition. Elias Levita, Dr. Ginsburg has in his possession a MS. of grammar and lexicography, and also reviews of indeed, speaking with reference to his own the Pentateuch with the text in one column other works in the same department. One observation, says, “I believe that, if all the and a column for each of the letters parallel admirable proposal is to print from time to time words of the Great Massorah which I have with it.

In these columns is registered the an alphabetical register of words treated in seen in the days of my life were written down number of each of the letters occurring in scattered programs and in the pages of periodiand bound up in a book, it would exceed in every line. A specimen page will be given bulk all the twenty-four books of the Bible.” | in Dr. Ginsburg's supplementary volume.

The present number of the Archiv conA vast mass of tradition has, indeed, been pre

tains some very valuable contributions. The

Of the ten folio volumes in MS. mentioned editor's Preface, though necessarily technical served in the MSS. still accessible; and it has above, three contain a Concordance of the and mainly devoted to organisation, is instructbeen Dr. Ginsburg's aim to present this as Hebrew particles. It is satisfactory to learn ive also, as might be expected from his name. accurately as possible, leaving it for the critic that there is some probability of this con- We may observe, in passing, that he pronounces to determine the relative value of the cordance being published. Îhe student is a justly severe sentence of condemnation on the materials now submitted. course, to be expected that Dr. Ginsburg's work of Noldius, which has become some work on the degrees of comparison in Latin. It is not, of compelled at present to have recourse to the recently completed edition of Forcellini. He

also gives us an Appendix to his well-known labours will result in very considerable altera- what scarce ; and it is, moreover, in some Bücheler has a keen and scholarly paper of tions of the existing text—that is, looking at respects imperfect.

miscellanies, and there are important articles the matter from the point of view of the The cost of producing the work has neces- by Löwe, Studemund, and others. Gröber ordinary and unlearned reader—for, to the sarily been very large; but it is not agreeable discusses the question, What is Latin?" critical student, to obtain a text as accurate as to hear that, notwithstanding the two grants which is as hard to answer as Sir Robert possible is of extremely high importance. made by the English Government, amounting Peel's famous query, "What is a pound?”. Not, indeed, that Dr. Ginsburg's great work together to £700, and the subscriptions and He comes to the sensible conclusion that 15 likely to be wholly without influence on donations, the total expense to the dis- the problem cannot be solved by fixing a interpretation. To take a single instance, tinguished compiler is likely to amount to would wholly lie, but rather by a careful the famous passage, Ezek. xxi. 27 (Heb. 32), several thousand pounds. THOMAS TYLER.

classification of material. We note, not withwhich the A. V. translates, “I will over

out a passing twinge, that Dr. K. Krumturn, overturn, overturn it; and it shall

bacher, of Munich, gives a description of an be no more, until he come whose right it is ; A NEW CO-OPERATIVE LATIN DIC- important collection of glosses preserved in a and I will give it [him].” Here, instead of


MS. at the British Museum which does not lo with Vao, the Massoretic text, according to Archiv für lateinische Lexikographie und Gram- tion by any of our own countrymen.

seem to have been subjected to careful examinaIr. Ginsburg, has lo with Aleph, that is, the

matik. Hrsg. von Eduard Wölfflin. Heft 1. Degative. This reading may be incorrect;

This new scheme is perhaps the greatest

(Leipzig: Teubner.) bet it is defeasible, and is likely to be de- The above-named book is the first instalment field of scholarship. If we cannot co-operate

specimen ever exhibited of co-operation in the jended. Dr. Ginsburg's labours will probably of a work which promises to have the weightiest ourselves, we may at least assist those who do be influential also in the department of gram- consequences for the historical study of Latin by helping to maintain the journal in which the maz. Here, again, an example may be given. and of the evolution of the Romance languages results of their labours will be given to the Gesenius and Ewald were acquainted with from Latin. The editor, Prof. Wölfflin, who world. It is to be hoped that the Archiv, which maly four instances of dageshed Aleph (see, e.g., has succeeded the lamented Halm at Munich, only costs twelve shillings a year, will find many Gen. xliii. 26), trusting to the Massorah as takes up in a modified form a project for a purchasers in England. With combined efforts även by Jacob ben Chayim in Bomberg's Rab- complete “Thesaurus Linguae Latinae" which such as Prof. Wölfflin proposes, we may see tenie Bible; while, on a single page of the made a brilliant start in 1858 under the auspices achieved in ten years work which the scattered Carlsruhe ÚS. of the Former and Later scholars, but came to utter failure.

of Ritschl, Georges, Halm, and other eminent endeavours of a century would hardly suffice to

After produce. The editor truly says that, for want Prophets (date 1105), out of thirty Alephs discussing the causes of that failure, and ex- of a fitting storehouse such as he designs to were found, eleven are dageshed. This page pounding its lessons, the editor explains

his own provide, much valuable material has been s been reproduced by the Palacographical plan, which is more modest and tentative dissipated and lost. He also justly insists that Stiety, plate 77, Oriental Series.

While he looks forward to the full Thesaur us in precious indirect results may be expected to



flow from his scheme. The studies of history, often come from d. Thus: lacruma, from Old- Englishman, he is naturally forgotten in favour Latin literature, and Latin textual criticism will Latin dacruma (nemo me dacrumis decoret”); of those model claimants, our cousins German. all certainly gain by the systematic enquiry larva, from *dar(c)va, cognate with dépkopiai;

RICHARD F. BURTON. pursued by his band of 250 workers. The study levir Sanskrit devara, Greek 8afhp; lingua, (Prof. Sayce had already written (1.c.)of language will be prodigiously advanced it from Old-Latin dingua. So in inlaut: mulier, This theory, indeed, first propounded by Dr. the present “flying bridge", which spans the from *mudies, one who gives suck” (cf: uvcáw, Latham."-ED. ACADEMY.] gulf between Latin and the Romance languages from uvojaw, the Homeric &K-uushoas, Fick, Bezbe replaced by a solid and permanent structure. zenberger's Beitr., i. 63; the Irish muimme, J. S. REID. “ foster-mother,” from *mudmiā); oleo, from

THE ORIGIN OF THE ARYANS. *odeo (ef. odor and 65w); solum, from * sodum,

St. Maur, Ventnor: Jan, 5, 1884. OBITUARY. oidas; Ulysses, from 'Odvoceús; &c.

The late Lord Lytton may claim to be a

To these examples may be added three words Mr. CHARLES WATKINS MERRIFIELD, who of which the cognates have not, so far as I propounder of the view that Europe, not Asia, died at Hove on January 1, aged fifty-six, was know, hitherto been pointed out: they are than Poesche or Prof. Penka. În Zanoni is the

was the original home of the Aryan race earlier for many years on the staff of the Education lautia, laurus, larix. Department, the post which he last held being 1. Lautia, a banquet given to ambassadors, following passage :that of one of its senior examiners. His family comes from dautia, which actually occurs in bewildered your dreaming scholars, were of the

The pure Greeks, the Hellenes, whose origin has came from Tavistock, but he was born in Festus, 8.v. dacrimas : “ dautia, quae lautia London, October 20, 1827. For the South dicimus, et dantur legatis hospitii gratia." It lords of the universe, and in no land on earth to

same great family as the Norman tribe, born to be Kensington Museum he superintended the pub- is derived from the root du ( to give"), like the become the hewers of wood. Even the dim tradilication of a Catalogue of the collection of Old-Latin duint, the Umbrian pur-dovitu, the tions of the learned, which bring the sons of Hellas models of ruled surfaces which was constructed Lith. dovana (“gift”); the Church Slavonic from the vast and undetermined territory of by M. Fabre de Lagrange. A handbook by davati (“ to give"), and the Irish duass, a gift Northern Thrace to be the victors of the pastoral Mr. Merrifield on technical arithmetic and or reward.

Pelasgi, and the founders of the line of demi-gods ; mensuration appeared in Mr. T. M. Goodeve's 2. Laurus, from *daurus, and this from which assign to a population bronzed beneath the “ Text Books of Science," and a key to it was *darvus, as taurus from *tarvus - Gaulish tarvos. suns of the West the blue-eyed Minerva and the afterwards published by the Rev. J. Hunter, a With *darvus the Lith. dervá, pinewood,” yellow-haired Achilles (physical characteristics of gentleman who has compiled keys for a consider- and the Welsh derw-en, "oak,” are identical.

the North); which introduce among a pastoral able number of arithmetical works. Mr. Merri- 3. Larix, from *darix, identical with dariz, people warlike aristocracies and limited monarchies

-the feudalism of the classic time; even these field was an accomplished mathematician, and the Old-Celtic form inferrible from the Irish might serve to trace back the primeval settlements contributed many papers on his favourite pursuit fem. c-stem dair, “oak," gen. darach. The of the Hellenes to the same regions whence in to the Assurance Magazine. A volume of Mis- Greek adpıt, which does not appear to be older later times the Norman warriors broke on the dull cellaneous Memoirs on Pure Mathematics, which he than Dioscorides (perhaps a hundred years after and savage hordes of the Celt; and became the had communicated to that journal, was printed Christ), must be a loan from the Latin. With Greeks of the Christian world." for private circulation in 1861. He married larix and laurus, dpūs, dru, triu, and other words

HODDER M. WESTROPP. Miss Elizabeth Ellen Nicholls, daughter of cited by Curtius, G. E., No. 275, are, of course, Mr. John Nicholls, of St. Columb, Cornwall. connected.

WHITLEY STOKES. She predeceased him March 23, 1869.


A SUM of £500 in prizes is offered by Mr.


Francis Galton for extracts from the “family
Cambridge: Jan. 6, 1884. records of competitors. They are to be sent to
The word feft has been duly noted in my him before May 15, according to the conditions
Brackley : Jan. 4, 1884.

edition of Ray's Glossary (E. Ď. S.), p. xvii., and under the restrictions published in his Now that the Franco-Chinese question is and there is a note on it (by Ray) in the same, recent book, Record of Family Faculties (Macoccupying so much public attention there will p. 6. Ray says: “We in Essex use feffing for millan), which contains full explanations, todoubtless be many cadets, missionary students, putting, thrusting, or obtruding a thing upon gether with blank forms sufficient for the and philologists turning their thoughts towards one;' and he also says feft is “to persuade, records of a single family. the East, and in some instances they will be or endeavour to persuade.' It is obvious that anxious to know what are the languages chiefly feft is a mere corruption of feffed, and is only of faults in slate, forms the frontispiece of the

A BEAUTIFUL autotype, representing a system spoken, and where reliable text-books may be used as an infinitive mood (if it ever really was obtained. I am glad to be able, at this emer- so, for our old writers mix up participial and slate is from the Borrowdale series of the Lake

new volume of the Geological Magazine. The gency, to call the attention of such enquirers to infinitival forms) by a mistake. There is no District, and shows the well-known miniature a new work, by Mr. Dyer Ball, which has just difficulty at all. Feft is for feffed, and feff is faults, of which splendid examples are preserved been published in Hong Kong under the title another spelling, of fief, a verb formed from in the Museum of Practical Geology. Mr. of Cantonese made Easy. The dialect of Canton fief (sb.), a well-known feudal term. It occurs J. H. Teall accompanies the plate by a paper is the most important of South China; and as | in Piers Plowman ; I need not stay to explain in which he discusses the origin of " it contains fewer provincialisms than almost it more fully. As for camp, I explain that, too, faults,” and is led to accept the explanation of

troughed any other Chinese dialect, and employs the in the same work, p. xvii. Properly, kemp such faults which was given by Mr. Topley classical characters entirely in writing, the (verb) was formed by vowel-change from camp some years ago in his memoir on the geology knowledge of this sub-language, so to speak, is (sb.), just as A.-S. cemban (to comb, whence of the Weald. indispensable to anyone who intends taking a unkempt) is from A.-S. camb (a comb); but the position in the East. Mr. Dyer Ball has ren- verb and sb. were confused. The word is dered good service in his timely publication. merely from the Lat. campus, whence also E.

PHILOLOGY NOTES. Born in China, of European parentage, favoured champion, the surname Kemp, &c.'

THE Clarendon Press has in preparation for the with exceptional advantages for the acquisition


“ Anecdota" Series, an edition, with translaof the dialects of China, having a natural gift

tion, notes, and glossary, by Dr, Kuno Meyer, for this particular work, and being employed in

of Hamburg, of the Cath Finntraga or Battle o her Majesty's Civil Service as interpreter to THE ETYMOLOGY OF “AMBROSIA." the Supreme Court, he has had every oppor

Ventry Harbour, from the vellum MS. (probably

Trieste: Jan. 3, 1884. of the fifteenth century) in the Bodleian Library tunity to gain an accurate knowledge of Cantonese. As this is not the place for writing 1883, wherein is discussed the origin of &uBpbolos, Senórach or Dialogue of the Old Men, which i

Referring to the ACADEMY of December 22, The Cath Finntrága, and the Agallamm a review, I will content myself with stating vulg made a poetism for tußpotos, I would contained in the same MS., and an edition 9 that copies of the book may be obtained of Mr. G. Roberts, Upper Norwood, who will for- suggest the root to be the old Semitic mit which is in course of preparation by Pro ward it to any part of Europe, post-free, for (anbar, pron. ambar), the mysterious amber- Eduard Müller, are the oldest of the so-calle 10s.; interleaved copies are also kept at 128. 6d. ; gris, whose provenance has been discovered Fenian or Ossianic tales, and have never yė and Easy Lessons in the Hakka Dialect, 5s. The only during the last few years. “Orientals," been printed in any form. difficult questions relating to tones, classifiers, from Syria to China, still hold it the most THE library of Dr. A. C. Burnell, who die finals, &c., are treated with a masterly hand. precious of perfumes, and prize it highly as an just fifteen months ago, is to be sold by Messri


Sotheby on Monday noxt avd the three follow
Allow me also to note, anent the “ origin of ing days. We believe that Dr. Burnell le

the Aryans” (ACADEMY, December 8), that long express instructions in his will that his bool LATIN ETYMOLOGIES.

before Profs. Penka, Schrader, and Poesche should be sold; but it is to be regretted to Queen Anne's Mansions, S.W.: Jan. 6, 1884. (1878) wrote, one Latham made Lithuanian the many reasons that this unique storehouse In Latin, as every philologist knows, 7 has fountain-head of Sanskrit. As he was only an Oriental philology should be dispersed. N



one of

"An exquisite picture."-Times.
"Mr. Moore exhibits one picture-than which he never painted a
better." - Morning Post,
"Remarkable for its refinement of line and delicate harmony of colour."

"Mr. Moore's graceful 'Companions' forms an excellent bonne bouche
“The gem of this variod and delightful exhibition."- Academy.

Particulars on application to the Publishers, Messrs. DOWDESWELL &
DOWDESWELLS, 133, New Bond-street.

was Dr. Burnell a philologist only. He pos- tensive additions in that part of the Epistle his own standpoint, and given frank expression sessed the enthusiasm of a bibliographer for where there is a lacuna in the texts hitherto to his own opinions. He frequently differs from rare books and choice bindings; and his means known. Of this new portion, which is four Mariette. In the mastuba-tombs of the Moyallowed him to gratify his tastes.

For ex

times as long as all the rest, we are bound to doom necropolis he recognises a style of archiample, he had gathered together more than say that it does not at all correspond to the tecture more akin to the school of thọ XIIth 130 volumes of various editions of the works Latin version, and that its elaborate allegorising Dynasty than to the IIIrd; and he is inclined of Pietro Bembo. His collection of early from the Old Testament is singularly unlike not only to attribute the Moydoom pyramid to Portuguese and Dutch travels was also peculiarly the simplicity of the earlier part of the letter. one of the Usertesons, but also to assign to that rich-e.g., five editions of Linschoten. If the The grammarian is provided with a careful period the famous sitting statues of Rahotep list of MSS. be thought disappointing, it must sketch of the historical development of the and Nefer-t. He is by no be recollected that the most valuable have periphrastic tenses in Modern Greek, by M. fident as to the origin of the so-called already been acquired for the library of the Khatzidakes. For the anthropologist there are “Hyksos - monuments,"

which ma Royal Asiatic Society. Many of the books un- measurements of human heads from numerous human-headed sphinx-has bitherto been confortunately bear the tell-tale stains of Indian provinces of Greece. Finally, the mythologist fidently, attributed to Apopi, the last of sojourn; but, on the other hand, many of them and collector of popular tales and ballads will the Hyksos usurpers. This sphinx bears the are enriched by copious annotations in Burnell's find here songs from Triphylia, legends of cartouches of three kings of widely separate minute handwriting. It is due to Burnell's giants from Crete, traditions from various dis- epochs, the earliest being that of Apepi ; but memory to add that the Catalogue is scarcely tricts, and a continuation of the Athenian upon the breast (which was the place of honour) worthy of the collection. Not a few of the lots stories which were commenced in the former under the latest of these ovals Prof. Maspero are most ignorantly assorted. To tako one number. In one of these last, entitled “The has detected traces of a yet earlier name. This page only. The purchaser of Metz's Vocabulary Sleeping Prince,” the story of “ The Sleeping would be the name of the king for whom the of the Todas will have to buy also Piedmontese Beauty” appears in an inverted form, the prince monument was sculptured, and he asks whether and Provençal Grammars; and the purchaser and all his surroundings being overpowered by that king was indeed a Hyksos or a king of of Callaway's Religious System of the Amazulu a magic sleep, while the princess comes and some earlier native line. The funerary cones will have to buy a Natural History of Cranes. wakes him. This version, we should suppose, is of stamped and baked clay which have long PADRE F. Fita has collected, under the title specially suited for Leap Year.

puzzled archaeologists, and which are found Epigrafia Romana (Madrid : Fortanet), some of THE Philologische Wochenschrift appears for buried in the sand in front of the more ancient the articles ho has lately published in various the future under the title of Berliner philologische sepulchres of the Theban necropolis, were Spanish periodicals. Those on “ Latin Inscrip- Wochenschrift. The form of the paper has been supposed by Mariette to have been employed tions" are to correct or supplement Hübner's slightly altered, and soveral improvements in

as boundary marks indicating the extent of Corpus ; but perhaps more curious are those on troduced.

ground belonging to each grave. Prof. Hebrew paleography, and on Basque toponymy

Maspero conceives them to be imitation breadof the eleventh and twelfth centuries.

offerings, and in the powdery white deposit

FINE ART. In Die Abhandlungen der Ichwan es-Safa, in

with which these objects are invariably coated Auszahl (Leipzig : Hinrichs), Prof. Dieterici

he recognises that mixture of fine white flour In progress. Same size as original-161 by 8. at last gives us part of the text of the

and salt which was presented in sacrifices to the

deities as well as to the dead. “ Just as at tracts of the Brotherhood of Purity, from which

"A new and exquisite picture."-Standard. he has, from time to time, published transla

Memphis,” he writes :tions during the last twenty years. These fifty

under the Ancient Empire, geese and loaves treatises profess to form a species of encyclo o an attractive ethibition - Daily News.

carved in stone were destined to provide the dead paedia of Arabian philosophy, as the term was

with geese and loaves which should endure for understood in the tenth century of the Christian

ever, so at Thebes they provided the deceased with ers. Undoubtedly they are the most interesting

bread more durable than real bread. Thus, the expression of Mohammedan thought that we graving of this subject, by LUMB STOCKS, R.A., forms tho Frontispiece to image of an object offered in this world pro

cured for the soul the reality of that object in the possess before the time of Avicenna and Aver

next world. If we do not find cones at Memphis, it Thoes. So far they are only known by Prof.

is for the reason why we do not find stone geese Dieterici's translation, of which the only JOURNAL" (29. 60.).

at Thebes. Each city followed its own customs, English summary is in Mr. Lano-Poolo's Studies

and we need not look to find those customs prein Mosque, though one special tractate, the and Olcographs), handsomely trámed. Everyone about to purchase

pictures vailing elsewhere." ** Fable of Man and the Beasts,” has found

The well-known shabti, or funerary statuettes, of translators in several languages. It is certainly

Thebes, of which the blue porcelain variety is satisfactory to be able to refer to the Arabic original of Prof. Dieterici's version, now pub

so abundant, are pronounced by Prof. Maspero

MASPERO'S HANDBOOK TO THE to be degenerate Ka-statues, identical as to lished from a Paris codex; but we should have


their original conception with the been better pleased if the text had been printed


stone statues of the Ancient Empire. The in extenso, and strictly in the order selected by The publication of an authoritative handbook to oldest Theban shabti, which form the connectthe authors. The work is too important to any great collection is an event of more import- ing link with the Memphite Ka-statues, represaffer abbreviation or re-arrangement, and Prof.

anco than may possibly be suspected by that sent living persous clad in ordinary garb. The Dieterici attempts both. However, we must be general public for whose use and instruction it later shabti reflect a new religious idea, and thankful for what he has given us, though we

is prepared. It registers the high-water mark represent agricultural labourers whose office it that more, and we must congratulate him on of that particular branch of knowledge at the was to sow and reap for the deceased in the the approaching termination of his long and date of issue ; and it probably epitomises in a under-world. Last

of all, the identification of Talued work on this little explored subject. popular form the labours of a learned life. Such, these images with the mummied oorpse is so Another part of the text, and a dictionary of for instance, is M. Heuzey's excellent

Catalogue complete that they become mere miniature árabic philosophical terms, which may shortly of the terra-cotta statuettes at the Louvre, mummies in clay. be expected, will complete this important con; recently published. Such, undoubtedly, in a Of Prof._Maspero's interesting remarks sabation to the history of thought, which will wider and more important sense, is Prof. on ancient Egyptian glass, and especially on be highly prized by all who care to follow the Maspero's Guide du Visiteur au Musée de Boulaq, that beautiful parti-coloured and striated was fortunes of Greek philosophy in the which may be expected in the course of the variety which is chiefly met with in small Best and to gauge the practical influence of so- third

week of the present month. Even if he vases shaped like amphorae, I can here only sled Arabian philosophy upon the develop. were not curator of the collection, Prof. note that he unhesitatingly rejects the theory bent of European thought.

Maspero is, of all men, the one whose special which attributes objects of this class to PhoeThe second part of the Journal of the His- studies and achievements would have pointed nician and Cypriote workshops. So far from orical and Ethnological Society of Greece him out as best qualified for the porformance of allowing that it was an importation, he is

atains contributions which will be interesting this task. The pen which has thrown such a “tempted to believe that much of the so30 a great variety of readers. Numismat- flood of light upon the literature and art of the called "Phoenician and Cypriote glass was made logists will find in it an account of the medals Egyptian tomb is evidently the pen which in Egypt, and thence exported to foreign counCruck in the Ionian Islands during the event- should describe and classify the stelae and Ka- tries as a current article of commerce.'

On period between 1797 and 1814, with statues of Boolak. Again, who 80 fit to cata- funeral amulets, on canopic vases, on scarabs, estrations, by M. Lambros. For the theo- logue the mummies of Rameses and his peers as on the moulds for castings, on statuettes of the

gian there is a new text of the Epistle of St. the historian of the youth of Sesostris and the gods, on special works of sculpture in the hyvarp to the Philippians, taken from a MS. discoverer of the secret of Dayr-el-Baharee? Museum, and, in fact, on almost overy subject ich has lately been discovered in a monas- Prof. Maspero, as I mentioned in a former of which he has to treat, Prof. Maspero has tety in the island of Andros, containing ex- note, has treated the treasures of Boolak from some original and luminous opinion to offer.

“THE PRINCES in the TOWER," by J. E. MILLAIS, R.A. A Line Entho“ART JOURNAL" for JANUARY (2s. 60.).

J. E. MILLAIS, R. A. -The Painting by MILLAIS, THE PRINCES in the TOWER," engraved in Lino by LOMB STOCKS, R.A., is one of the three soparately printed plates in tho JANUARY Number of the “ART

should pay a visit. Very suitable for wedding and Christmas preson ts.-
GRO. REES, 115, Strand, near Waterloo-bridge.


To the funeral stelae of the Ancient Empire he figures in the foreground, Atalanta and deep warm light on the large sail of the devotes several pages. Ho shows how the Meleager pursuing the Calydonian Boar" (70— boat in the foreground. The extensive view of earliest examples were miniature representa- lent by W. B. Beaumont, Esq.), probably one the harbour and town of Amsterdam (73– tions of sepulchral façades ; how these façades of Rubens' last works. If anywhere, it is here lont by the Hon. W.F.B. Massey Mainwaring), by-and-by lost their architectural character that Rubens approaches the manner of Rem- is certainly the artist's masterpiece, and at the and became conventional representations of brandt. Broad lights, chiefly of a deep-toned, same time, in its prominent position on the complete tombs; lastly, how these repre- reddish-brown huo, play upon the dark masses walls, one of the most attractive Dutoh pictures sentations of tombs were regarded as epi- of a dense forest. In looking closely at the paint- in this exhibition. The observation we hapo tomes of tombs; and how the scenes en ing, there seems to be no outline or precision in made about the numerous works by William graved upon them were, from the point of view drawing. Yet, at a proper distance, the different van de Velde may also apply to the soven or of religious magic, as real in a mystical and objects are of the greatest possible reality. By eight genuine works of Albert Cuyp, the occult sense as the sepulohral wall-paintings Jacob van Ruysdael there are not less than five fine “River Scene"(109–lent by S. Herman which Prof. Maspero has so ably interpreted genuine landscapes. The most imposing_one de Zoete, Esq.) ascribed to this master being in some of his former writings. All this is (191), representing a storm at sea (lent by Lord more probably by one of the little-known quite new, extremely curious, and, I may add, Lansdowne),

well displays the qualities of grand followers of William van de Velde. The most absolutely convincing. The history of the eur and melancholy by its juxtaposition with striking among the genuine Cuyps is the large royal mummies and how they were found is of Murillo's full-length portrait of “Don Justino landscape in opening light (93 — lent by course told again, the mummies and their Francesco Nove, Canon of Soville”-a painting Lord Scarsdale). Among the others we notice belongings being described inuch more fully that appeals to similar feelings. "The Waterfall" No. 104 (lent by the Earl of Normanton) only than in Prof. Maspero's official Report of (134-lent by S. Herman de Zoete, Esq.) is a because of its subject, although in its execution two years ago. Next, however, in archaeolo- subject, and composition as well, which the the work does not rank high. The scenery is a gical interest to the dissertation on the stelae artist was fond of repeating, introducing therein sea-shore with steep rocks and high trees in the comos Prof. Maspero's description of the but slight variations. The landscape represents foreground, illuminated by the dim light of a full tomb and sarcophagus of one Horhotpou a strip of wooded scenery, with a fow cottages and moon, the sky being bright. We need not add (Horhotep), discovered at Thebes in April 1883. a road in front, on which a bright cold light falls. that the effect is the very reverse of the wellThis remarkable relic of the XIth Dynasty has No. 146 (lent by the Earl of Normanton) is one known moonlight sceneries in which Aart van beon transported to Boolak, and re-erected in of those scarce pictures in which the artist's der Neer excelled ; compare, for instance, No. the new Salle funéraire. The walls are lined second manner is mixed with characteristics of 133 (lent by S. H. de Zoete, Esq.). with paintings representing offerings of various his early style. From Lord Lansdowne's collec- Among the Dutch figure-pictures there kinds-stores of arms, toilette objects, eatables, tion comes a very remarkable view of a Dutch is none which can rival that masterpiece drinkablos, vases, mirrors, jewels, and the like. town and harbour, said to be Amsterdam (145). of Terburg's (122) called “ The Letter," The sarcophagus is painted in the same manner, The treatment of the subject has nothing in which comes from Buckingham Palace. Perand is, as it were, & résumé of the tomb. Of common with Ruysdael's often repeated views haps it has no equal among the numerous hieroglyphic texts there are but fow, and these of the town of Harlem. It is, in fact, a unique works of this master, who, in striking conare chiefly extracts from the “ Book of the work in its way, proving incontestably that trast to his fellow-artists, never fails in bostowDead" and the " Funereal Ritual.” I hope to Ruysdael was not one of those Dutchmen who ing on his figures the characteristics of high be able to return to the subject of this most disappoint whenever they trespass the limits of culture and refined manners.

The picture interesting tomb in a future note.

the subjects in which they were wont to by his pupil Motsu, " Pleasures of Taste" (111), AMELIA B. EDWARDS. excel. Among the Ruysdaels we have still from the same collection, when compared with

to mention the large canvas (89), lent by the former, will discredit the belief, tradi.

Lord Mount-Temple, representing a wooded tionally held by art historians, that Metsu TAE DUTCH AND FLEMISH PICTURES landscape. The tone and harmony of colours à pupil of Gerhard Dow, with whose AT BORLINGTON HOUSE.

displayed herein are not, we believe, those style he has nothing in common. Nothing,

peculiar to Buysdael. This is evidently a work in fact, can come nearer to Terburg than It would be difficult-Day, impossible-to of that less-known, but excellent, landscape the above - named picture by Metsu. The describe in words this rich display of works by painter of Harlem, Jan van der Meer or only genuine Rembrandt—80 far as we can eminent artists now brought together on the Vermeer. The signature of the artist may have judge--among three ascribed to the master is walls of Burlington House. Nor dare we say boon purposely effaced. The only picture by the three-quarter length figure of a lady, that, if we attempted to do so, we should bave Hobbema (97--lent by Augustus W. Saville, painted in 1642 (106-lent by Lord Lansa chance of being of use to our readers, who Esq.), a wooded landscape, might also be downe). Of Rembrandt's scholars, we have know themselves how to enjoy the beauti- easily mistaken for a Ruysdael, with whose this time only one, Gerbrandt van den Eeckhout, ful. On the other hand, it would be an easy, style it has much in common. It is not whose interesting composition “Christ in the but, under the circumstances of a public show signed, but there can be no doubt about its Temple" (65—lont by S. H. de Zoete, Esq.) like this, not altogether a worthy, task to indulge authenticity. Two very similar pictures of is full of reminiscences of bis master. By in criticisms about those more or less indifferent his are at Edinburgh, in the National Gallery Frank Hals there are two excellent portraits, works which have professedly been “cata- of Scotland. One of them is noteworthy from both coming from the collection of Earl Howe. logued under the names given to them by tbe its signature and date, M.L.Hobbema (the three One of them (90) is a half-length figure of a contributors."

capitals combined) 1659, possibly the earliest young man playing a guitar, signed F. H. Apart from the enjoyment which the visitor known date on a picture of his; the other, hung the other, an oval (98), the bust of a gentleis sure to find in visiting the exhibition, be close by, is officially stated to be by Ruysdael. man wearing a large hat. We find neither o will experience not a few surprises when ex- “The Skating Scene," by Aart van der Neer, them mentioned in Dr. Bode's excellent and amining those pictures which have a just claim (96-lent by Lord Egerton of Tatton), is also an comprehensive treatise on the master, non to be considered as standard works of their early work, remarkable for its broadness of embodied in his Holländische Studien, a wor! authors. In brioging such pictures before the execution.

full of learning, in which special attention i public, the Royal Academy renders the greatest Among the sea-pieces there are works by paid to the private collections of England. service to the study of the history of painting ; William van de Velde, Backhuysen, and Among the portraits by Flemish masters w and we may, say with confidence that these Jan van de Capelle, but only those by the last notice ono by Rubens (91-lent by the Hon. W yearly recurring exhibitions are the more wel- named are bistorically of importance. By F. B. Massey Mainwaring), said to represen come to English and not less to foreign art William van de Velde, there are not less than the Burgomaster van der Gutch. It is inscribe students because in no other country is there eight pictures, all genuine and good specimens " Anno 1629, aetatis suae 30.” The charmin an equally large field for research.

of his style, but none of them happens to picture of the two babies in a richly decorate The most prominent feature among the Dutch throw a new light on the development of bis cradle (100—lent þy Major C. Jones) was, w and Flemish pictures exhibited in Room II.

The same may be said of the two beliove, formerly also, ascribed to Rubens. It is the landscapes. There are two by Rubens fine pictures by Backhuysen ; but it is different by Cornelis de Vos, whose name it now bears i which must be placed foremost among all those with Jan van de Capelle, an artist about whom the Catalogue. The half-length figure of which he executed entirely himself. No. 74, very little is known, and whose works are merchant (288—lent;by Lord Lansdowne) called the “ Farm at Laeken,” from Bucking- raro. The National Gallery is perhaps the only erroneously ascribed to Holbein. It bea ham Palace, is widely known as ono of the collection in Europe which possesses as many throughout the stamp of contemporary Flemis gems of the royal collection. The bright and as five works by him. The present exhibition art. The inscriptions point to the sad brilliant colouring and the distinctness in the brings before us three of his pictures from origin. The tone and harmony of the colou modelling indicate the middle period of the private collections. Of these, the " River Scene" the rendering of the human forms, especially artist's career, to which the two famous land-|(114-lent by the Earl of Normantop) is the the hands, are those we meet always in ti scapes in the Pitti Palace also belong. Very only one signed and dated, "J. v. Capelle 1656." genuine pictures by Jan van Mabuse. In fac different in every respect is the wooded landscape No. 101, & sea-piese, 'is very piquant in it would be difficult to find a more beautif in dark glowing colours, with spiritodly sketched its contrasts of cool tones of colour with the portrait by this master.





I am afraid Mr. Arthur Evans may yet have ance and perfection of preservation haš, they THE TEUTONIC KINSHIP OF THRAKIANS AND to study several things before he can push aside say, been discovered at Nîmes. It represents a TROJANS.

the Teutonic kinship of Trojans and Thrakians Roman Emperor, throned, with a nude female London : Jan. 7, 1884.

by a mere wave of the hand. Even Dr. Guest, figure at his side. In front are two men leading Considering that some first-rate scholars, with all his Keltic and Semitic proclivities, a lion and a boar, and, behind, a warrior. Some Hellenists and historians, have expressed their says, in regard to the word "Brig-s” (Phrys, slaves, excited, complete the composition. conviction of the Germanic kinship of the Frig-s, Phrygian):

THE issue is announced of one of the volumes Thrakians, the reviewer of Dr. Schliemann's "I do not hesitate to consider it to be merely a so rarely published in connexion with the Troja in the ACADEMY would, perhaps, have variant form of our own word Frack or Frank. Gazette des Beaux-Arts. The subject is “Raphael done better to mitigate the vigour of his own

The Franks were called in Anglo-Saxon Franc-an, et la Farnesine." The text, part only of which opinion with a little scientific courtesy. “Fanci- and in Icelandic Frakkar. The letter-change has appeared in the Gazette, is by M. Ch. Bigot;

which connects Frakk-ar with Frank-un is well- and it will be illustrated with fifteen engravings

is simply calling names; but inconvenient facts cannot be got riả kimare in the Featoniazdialects. In the Jeelandic hors texte, including thirteen etchings by M. T.


is a Frank, and Frack-i a brave fellow. de Mare, of which eleven have not been pubof in this off-hand manner.

It is a fact that, according to Herodotos, there Ther was never a freake our foot wold file (Chevy lished before. The price to subscribers will be was once a vast Thrakian race-"the largest of Chace); as also the adjective frack, quick, hasty.” 20 frs. ; to others, 40 frs. any nations, except the Indians”-dwelling in Eastern Europe and Asia Minor. That race So far Dr. Guest.

The last rumours about the pictures recovered But few, I imagine, will

from the charitable foundations of Antwerp are happened to be blue-eyed, red-haired; most follow him in his attempt to draw "Frank"

a little conflicting. It, however, seems pretty martial; highly musical; given to Bacchic into a Keltic channel. habits, but also to profound philosophical

This is too large a subject to be dealt with in clear that their importance has been over-estispeculation; and producing, especially in one of a letter. I will therefore conclude with a

mated, and that few of them rise above meciits branches, a great many learned men.

Its remark on what Mr. Evans says about a dis- ocrity. The list of artists includes Rubens, misfortune was, according to Herodotos, that covery of Dr. Schliemann on the European Van Orley, Mostaert, Martin, Cornelis and its different tribes were not able to unite for side opposite the Troad. “On the whole,” he Simon de Vos, Martin Pepyn, and the Spanish common action—a remark made again in later writes, “it is not probable that the more painter and sculptor Alonzo Cano. It is said times, in the form of a devout wish, by the developed forms of the Trojan site will be that the exhibition will be opened soon, in the Roman historian who described our German found to have any very direct connexion with chapel of the Girls' Orphanage, and will contain forefathers. the remains of the more barbarous members of

104 pictures. It is a further fact that in the Thrakian the race inhabiting European soil.To this a ANOTHER of the large Hispano-Moresque nation there was mass of personal and reply might be made by a reference to a pas- amphora-shaped vases with lustre ornaments place names- -dagger- and spear-names, Sig- sage in Strabo, in which it is stated that all the has been discovered at Orihuela (Murcia). Its Victory-), As (God-), Teut- (Folk-), Od-, Ter-, chief seats of the Muses in Europe had of old size and shape are said to be the same as those Ida-, Attal-, and other names of 'a strangely been Thrakian places and mountains, and had of the famous Alhambra vase. It has been Teutonic sound, such as we find on German been dedicated by the Thrakians to the god bought by M. Stanislas Baron. soil and among the warriors living there. desses ; and that music (which in ancient times

It is said that the terra-cottas discovered at Cariously enough, there were Getic (also Gaudic) implies poetry) was in the hands of the Thra- Myrina by the

French Ecole d'Athènes will soon tribes, whom Herodotos calls “the noblest of kian. Not so very barbarous, after all!

be exhibited at the Louvre. the Thrakians," which seem to remind us of

the Geats, Gauts, or Goths-a German race,
held to be of an especially noble origin and

More wonderful still, at the time

NOTES ON ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY. when the Getic" name began to change into The bust of Victor Hugo by M. Rodin has We received some while ago, from Messrs. Chatto the “Gotic”.one, clear classical testimony is been placed in the Gallery of the Institute of & Windus, Mr. W. Pollock’s pleasant translation given as to their identity. To complete the Painters in Oil in Piccadilly. It is one of the of one among the more famous of the writings coincidence, the same race which Herodotos

of Diderot—the Paradoxe sur le Comédien. Mr.

of places, as Getes, near the outlet of the Danube in sculpture, but not the less characteristic Pollock has not only translated

it, he has made and the Black Sea, turns up, as Goths, in the of all that is noblest in the great poet. M.

a few interesting annotations, and the book is fourth century, in the same quarter. Rodin is one of the few modern artists who can

published in dainty fashion, printed by StrangeAnyone going

carefully over the Greek and speak the truth not only without fear of, but ways, and on paper apparently of Van Gelder's. Kallinos to Cassiodoros (who served under confident personality of his subject is charged Henry Irving has put forth the reasons for his without reason for, shame. The robust and There is, to boot, a short Preface by a gentle

man who has a name to conjure with. Mr. Odoaker and Theodorich) and Prokopios, not with the fire of imagination. to mention the Goth Jornandes-cannot but be struck by these remarkable facts and testi

IN connexion with the establishment atsions as to the disadvantage, or at least the

profound disagreement with Diderot's conclumonies. When, on ground anciently inhabited Cardiff of the Royal Cambrian Academy inutility, of "sensibility" to the comedian. It by Thrakian trikes, we even find an Aspurg

which, it is hoped, will do for Wales what may be said, perhaps, that the production of and a “Teutoburg," we experience some diffi- the Royal Hibernian Academy does for Ireland the book in its present form was by no means culty in resisting an apparently obvious con- and the Royal Scottish Academy for Scotland necessary; that everybody who cares profoundly clusion. That“ greatest of all nations” cannot, there is to be held at Cardiff, early in the for the theatrical art is able to read it in after all, have simply vanished away.

His- spring, an unusually important loan exhibition French. And this is doubtless true; yet good torically speaking, we know that no room is of works of art. A very influential committee service is done in bringing home to a man's left in that quarter for any nation known to has been formed, and the capital of Wales very door that which either permanent busy-ness us except the one (and here we come upon would seem as much alive as the towns of the

or momentary laziness has prevented him from another, perhaps inconvenient, coincidence) North Midlands— Nottingham, Leicester, &c.

actively seeking. The present writer is a case which broke forth like a torrent in the Great to the necessity of art culture. Oil paintings, to the point. Twice did he set his mind on Migrations, traversing all Europe, and even drawings in water-colour, engravings, etchings, reading the Parodoxe ; never once did he read pushing forward into Africa.

rare books and bindings of choice will be in- it till yesterday, in Mr. Pollock's translation, The Trojans having undoubtedly been of the cluded in the forthcoming exhibition.

It arrived, and when it arrived it was attended Thrakian stock, I have drawn the natural con- The exhibition of art of the eighteenth

to. And among the students of the art of clusion that, taking the Thrakians to have been century now open in the gallery of M. Georges acting many will be in like case. the Teutons of the East, the Trojans were their Petit is a great success. All the objects have therefore, of no mind to grumble at the appearkith and kin. In doing so I have indicated a been very carefully selected—nothing but of the ance of the book. On the contrary, we welcome few points hitherto not brought forward in first order has been allowed to pass the scrutiny it. How far we are inclined to agree with its support of the Germanic kinship of the of the judges. The portraits include “Madame main proposition, that if a man means to act it Thrakians themselves. There are, however, de Pompadour,” by Boucher ; " Madame du is well for him not to feel, is quite another several arguments in reserve. Here I will only

Barry,” by Drouais; and a bust of “Sophie

matter. We may be inclined to agree with remark that those who have compared the (un- Arnould,” by Houdon.

Mr. Irving, and with Talma whom he cites, fortunately very small) remains of Thrakian

instead of with Diderot. But we take the speech with Lituanian and Slav, as well as

The posthumous exhibition of the works of truth of the matter to be this, that even with Teutonic idioms, have missed in several the French painter Sellier is now open at the Diderot, a critic who greatly esteemed the cases the most remarkable parallels deducible Ecole des Beaux-Arts

. The Catalogue is pre- presence of sensibility-not to say of gush-in from the Norse, the Anglo-Saxon, and the faced by a study of the artist by M. Jules the art of painting, would not altogether deny

Claretie. German languages and dialects. This subject

its advantage in the art of acting; and that, on will by-and-by find its fuller treatment.

A ROMAN mosaic of almost unique import- the other hand, Mr. Irving himself would

We are,

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