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Of the inversion in the above stanza's pen- the seventh book, which largely coincides for ever. Thou, Almighty Master, didst create ultimate line I will only say that "it harrows with the first part of the book called “ The all things for thy name, gavest food and drink me with fear and wonder; ” the line that Two Ways,” or “The Judgment of Peter," to men for enjoyment that they might thank succeeds, with its final accent upon a word came from some early writing, standing in thee, and to us thou didst grant spiritual food ill able to bear such emphasis, is hardly less close connexion with the latter part of the Before all things, we thank thee for thy power. afflicting. I do not quote in order to draw Epistle of Barnabas. This early writing To thee the glory for ever. Remember, Lord, attention to these matters, but for the purpose Archbishop Bryennius thinks he has dis- thy church, to deliver it from all evil

, and of illustrating Mrs. Pfeiffer's command of her covered in the document called “ The Teach- perfect it in thy love. : . . But permit ye the metrical resources in general. In such a ing of the Twelve Apostles,” which he has prophets to give thanks as much as they will. stanza it is obvious that the mere ease and printed from the Jerusalem MS. of the year . And concerning the apostles and prophets convenience of the writer, not any intuitive 1056 (now at Constantinople), which contains according to the rule of the Gospel so do. And rhythmic law or melodic impulse, determine the epistles of Clement and Barnabas in their let every apostle coming to you be received as

the Lord, and he shall not remain a day, but if the shape if shape it may be called that complete Greek form. shape has none) of the verse—verse which is The document itself is based largely on the there be need the second day also, but if he

On the simply crushed Hat by that fatal burden, “ the Epistle of Barnabas, partly, perhaps, also on Lord's Day gather together, break bread and weight of too much liberty."

the “Shepherd” of Hermas (though this is less give thanks, and confess your sins that your The poem, however, is exceeded in attract- certain), and is essentially the same work as sacrifice may be pure. . . . Elect for yourselves iveness by its prose environment; the stone is that referred to by Eusebius, Athanasius, and bishops and deacons worthy of the Lord, men of less interest than its setting. The prose Nicephorus. The first five chapters are meant meek and not covetous, and true and tried, for part of the volume is announced in but a sub- for the instruction of catechumens ; the rest is they too minister to you the ministry of the sidiary way on the title-page, and is, of a “Church and House book of the ancient prophets and teachers.” course, little more than an adjunct to the Christians," as Bunsen named it in the second Thus teaching is still carried on by men who poem ; but beautiful prose is more welcome volume of his Christianity and Mankind, and have the gifts of the spirit, and who travel than questionable verse, and Mrs. Pfeiffer's is equally valuable for what it ordains and for about to preach ; but the practical work of prose is beautiful. In it she shows herself what it abstains from ordaining: Some rules management and of charity is entrusted to master, or mistress (which is the right word are laid down; much is left to Christian free- bishops and deacons, whom each church elects here ?), of a graceful and pellucid style, dom. We can already see “the Christian school for itself as its settled managers. having an air and carriage which are at once and the Christian congregation, Christian

What date and place can we assign to the captivating and dignified, and which are its worship and Christian life;" but there is Treatise ? The tone is early, especially in own. Everything in the book which does not little that can be used for controversial pur- what concerns the ministry and the Eucharist, relate directly to the poem is charming; and poses, any more than there is in the Cata- and baptizing in "living water”-i.c., of happily the greater portion of it has nothing combs. The simplicity and common-sense of rivers or springs. The author says we must to do with the poem at all, but is occupied the instruction is remarkable. In alms- not fast, as the hypocrites (i.e., Jews) do, on with various delightfully irrelevant details giving we should know to whom we are the second and fifth day of the week, but of Mrs. Pfeiffer's sojourn at a cottage-farm giving, and give through the church officers, on the fourth and on the preparation (Friday). nestling in the shadow of Duart Castle. who know the needs of each. The author Again, such references as that to offering the The elderly Miss Macorquodale, excellent would have approved of Aristotle's constant first fruits for charity may show that he was soul, and her shy handmaid, the pretty Maisie, formula, “always regard the person, the connected with the early Jewish Christian with the other inmates of the harmonious time, the amount, the manner,” &c.—a for- Church. There is still also a strong expectadwelling, down to the “Maltese spaniel”—by mula which Clement of Alexandria adopts. tion of the Second Advent being near. The which I should suppose Mrs. Pfeiffer means Now we should say, Do not give to tramps, author does not name himself, or refer the Maltese terrier-live and move before us in but give through the clergy, district visitors, book to famous names of prophets or apostles, this narrative with a homely grace which is scripture readers, relieving officers, and so on.

as so many early apocryphal works do, quite idyllic. Gaunt old Duart Castle itself, Again, men are not pressed beyond their and as the author of the “ Apostolical legend-haunted, with the whisper of the sea strength :

Constitutions" does; his is the simple tone about its walls, had laid a strong spell upon “If thou canst bear the whole yoke of the of an earnest teacher, “My son, do thus ; Mrs. Pfeiffer's imagination, and she has the Lord, thou shalt be perfect; but if thou canst this is the way of life?" He is not art of insensibly communicating this influence not bear it, do what is in thy power. ... In aware of much heresy, except the practical to the reader. Without doubt, also, she has the congregation thou shalt confess thy trans- heresy of covetousness and false desires. He been deeply penetrated and possessed, not gressions, and shalt not come to thy prayers does not refer by name to the books of Scriponly by the romantic atmosphere of the place,


ture, but seems to allude to several passages but by the spirit of its wild tradition. Never In baptizing,

from St. Matthew and a few from St. Luke theless, that tradition still awaits the arrival "if thou hast no living (fresh) water, dip into and St. Paul. He gives the Lord's Prayer of the poet who, with the incalculable and other water; and if thou canst not in cold,

more in accordance with the Textus Receptus seemingly fortuitous felicity of genius, shall then in warm water; and if thou hast

than with the Vatican MS., but reads ó év to make it be born again, and to a life more vital neither, pour water thrice on the head in the name of the Father and Son and Holy Spirit.”

ουρανώ, omits της before γης (as Vat.), reads than that of reality.

την οφειλής, and has at the end only η δύναμις " The Lady of the Rock” is divided into At the Thanksgiving (Eucharist) thus thank kai ý dóta (as also in chap. ix.). He is persix parts. They are headed Fitte the ye :

haps following some liturgical source rather First," "Fitte the Second," and so on. “ First for the cup; we thank thee our Father than St. Matthew. But farther on he uses There is surely something of affectation, not for the holy yine of David thy servant which Matt. vii

. 6 : un S@TE TÒ åycov roîs kvol. In one without a touch of the grotesque, in this.

thou mndest known to us through Jesus thy place he uses the expression papavalá from WILLIAM Watson.

servant (taldós]. To thee the glory for ever. And i Cor. xvi. 22, and Prof. Wordsworth has sug-
for that which is broken; we thank thee our
Father for the life and knowledge which thou gested that the book may have been written

Some A RECOVERED DOCUMENT OF THE PRIMITIVE madest known to us through Jesus thy servant. at Corinth or some Greek church.

To thee the glory for ever. As this which is Pauline church is most probable, which used Auðaxtûv Abdera ’Atootówv éx toû 'Lepogo- became one by being brought together, so let date may be some way on in the second

broken was scattered upon the mountains and mainly the Gospel of St. Matthew, and the Avutikoû xeupoypásov vûv mpôtov éxdidouém thy church be brought together from the utter-century (if Hermas used our book, and not

ünÒ Pidőbeov Bpvevvlov unt potrolitov most parts of the earth into thy kingdom, for vice versa). Bryennius puts it between 120 Νικομηδείας. (Έν Κωνσταντινουπόλει.) thine is the glory and the power through Jesus and 160, and thinks there are some traces of THERE has always been great difficulty in thus thank ye; We thank thee, Holy Father, for is of the slightest. The interest of the book

and after ye are filled, Gnosticism and Montanism in it; but the proof of which the so-called “apostolical constitu- hearts, and for the knowledge and faith and is great, for

it helps us to see how works like tions” were put together. Of the four immortality which thou madest known to us the “ Apostolical Constitutions" were graduparts often assigned, Bickell conjectured that through Jesus thy seryant. To thee the glory ally built up, early writings incorporated, and



many things brought up to the date of the captors, and twice returned—"a modern The latter, at an earlier date, urging Maclater compositions. The same has taken place Regulus," as Havelock called him—when kenzie's claim to a wound-pension on account still more largely in the Liturgies.

those terms were refused by the resolute of the Bolaram affair, concluded a strong Bryennius has added an account of all else British leader.

recommendation with these forcible words :that is contained in the famous MS. of After the return to India, Mackenzie “But Col. Mackenzie has established other Jerusalem, including Chrysostom's “Synopsis.” received " neither rewards nor thanks," claims upon the consideration of the GovernAll Western scholars are deeply grateful to refused the Cabul mcdai and its ment he has served for so many years with him for what he has done, and trust he may accompanying batta (six months' double pay), credit and distinction. His bearing in Afghanyet be able to increase our stock of sacred and was even frustrated in his honour- istan is remembered now; the example he lore. CHARLES W. BOASE. able attempts to obtain adequate recognition afforded and the high position he maintained

of the services of his native followers. For during those memorable times were of equal

these and other alleged misdemeanours the value. Indeed, throughout a long and distinStorms and Sunshine of a Soldier's Life. In memory of the late Earl of Ellenborough is guished military service, Col. Mackenzie has

2 vols. (Edinburgh : David Douglas.) vehemently assailed by Mrs. Mackenzie; but the State, and has unswervingly endeavoured to We welcome this addition to the small stock it would be obviously out of place to attempt perform it.” of readable books about India. The material to pronounce a decision here on grave political

What were the reasons that kept this was more than usually unpromising. The controversies. It must, however, be noted heroic soldier from all the prizes of his prohero was an unsuccessful man and a member that Mackenzie showed more generosity than fession has never been stated, though they of a peculiar school that is now somewhat out subordination in the conduct with which he

be within the resources of conjecture

. of favour. The author, as one learns from received these disappointments—conduct which He was never even offered a division, that internal

evidence, is his widow; and, however drew down at the time the censure of the almost natural prize of military merit, real or desirable a certain amount of admiration may Court of Directors, not chargeable generally imputed. In addition to the cause at which be as qualification for a biographer, one with partiality to Lord Ellenborough. And we have hinted, something may have been would, as a rule, desire more impartiality it may yet further be added that censure of due to the naif and old-fashioned religious than can be expected from her who singled this sort is no brutum fulmen. In the struggle opinions which, in common with so many the man out of the multitude of men and for existence that goes on in any branch of the officers of his time, Mackenzie openly proowned him for forty years.

public service, such a record is apt to operate fessed. Not only in the decline of life, but Colin Mackenzie was a fine old soldier of permanently against a man's advancement. when in the full vigour of his extraordinary the Cromwellian type who had strayed into He got the medal in 1853, on which he manhood, he believed in the most rigorous this sceptical century of ours, through which remarked that the Hon. Court have com- and fatalistic form of Protestant orthodoxy. he wandered homeless, like a sort of Puritanic pletely stultified themselves, my claims being Not a sword could fall on his head, nor a bullet Babe-in-the-Wood; and he passed away in exactly what they were in '43.” His money find its way to his heart, unless by divine October 1881 with the characteristic farewell, claims were partially met by a donation of permission. When his horse falls ill he sits Good-bye, dear; if we do not meet again 6,000 rupees in 1846. In 1867 he was

up with the brute all night, and prays for it here, we shall meet at head-quarters.” If gazetted C.B., after an ineffectual attempt to to Him who sees the fall of a sparrow. For one enquires what it is that makes the story fob him off with the C.S.I. As brigadier at everyone who is in the least good to him he of this anachronistic and—to say the whole Bolaram he was almost cut to pieces by has a Testament in the appropriate language ; truth-somewhat dull and narrow life so full mutineers in 1855, but recovered, owing to and impartially presses the plan of salvation of interest, the answer will hardly refer to good surgery and his excellent constitution,

on “Jew, Turk, infidel, and heretic.” And any charm at the disposal of the narrator. to find himself reprimanded by the Govern- he objects to killing Asiatics, not on the She, too, is dull and narrow, and to these ment of India. Driven home to recruit his ordinary grounds of humanitarian horror at qualities she adds an occasional bitterness strength after this rude trial, he came out bloodshed, but because they are sure to go to which is not likely to make a book generally again on hearing of the great

Mutiny in 1857, eternal punishment. Such tenacity may have attractive.

but failed to get any employment adequate to hampered his professional rise, but it evidently Yet so it is that, after all that the largest his standing and expectations. In the fol- afforded a more than complete consolation

. Å charity or the most fastidious criticism can lowing year, however, he was appointed Resi- nature more free from egotism,


, or allege against it, the work remains one that dent at Murshidabad, a post which he held till ill-humour it would be hard to find. So true may be hurried over once, like the most sen- 1861, when removed in consequence of in. is that saying of the ancient prophet, “Thou sational romance, yet recurred to and re- trigues and misunderstandings into which it shalt keep him in perfect peace whose mind perused as a work of reference on obscure would be tedious to enter. It will be enough is stayed on Thee.” H. G. KEENE. parts of history and a study of human char- to observe that the enforced idleness was as acter. The nearest approach to it in the one uncongenial to a simple-hearted fighting man aspect is some collection of French Memoirs; as was the atmosphere of clever chicanery by Flowers and Flower-Lore. in the other the closest parallel is such a con- which he was surrounded. By the advice of Hilderic Friend. In 2 vols. (Sonnenception of an old Indian Officer as the “ Colonel Durand and Sir Bartle Frere, Mackenzie

schein.) Newcomeof Thackeray. Good birth, per- bowed before the blast, and was recompensed A BIBLIOGRAPHY in the book before us shows sonal health and beauty, and a constant love for his patience by a well-paid appointment in that from a comparatively early period down of mankind were Mackenzie's gifts from Calcutta which he held for five years. On to the present time the fascinating study of nature, combined, as his training proceeded, Lord Lawrence becoming Viceroy the appoint- flowers, their poetry, language, legends, and with intrepidity and independence. Such a ment was abolished, and Mackenzie became a lore, has occupied the attention of mang man under a bureaucracy was almost sure to "doing-duty-wallah.”. In this humble capa writers. Some time ago Mr. Friend returned go wrong. Lacking not only the courtier's city the veteran served contentedly, and amid from China, where Oriental flower-lore reglosing tongue, but even ordinary caution and general sympathy and respect. Se retired in ceived a good deal of his attention, and took worldly wisdom, he was ever ready to sacrifice 1873 and lived a life of usefulness in London up his residence in Devonshire. In his himself, and the world willingly accepted the and Edinburgh, varied by Continental travel, English home, situated in a most charming sacrifice. Attached to the staff of Sir W. till the peaceful end.

part of the country, he resumed his favourite Macnaghten, he was present, but helpless, Such different men as John Stuart Mill study, and in July 1881 read a paper to the when that ill-fated envoy was assassinated and Lord Lawrence bore strong testimony to Devonshire Association for the Advancement by Akbar Khán at Cabul in December 1841. the merits of Mackenzie, neither of them of Science, Literature, and Art

, entitled During the retreat he was one of three being his personal friends. The former wrote “Notes on Some Devonshire Plant-Nanes." hostages—the others being Eldred Pottinger in 1869 :

A year later he contributed to the Transactions and George Lawrence- taken by Akbar as “Those who at present dispose of employments

of the same society "A Glossary of Deron

shire Plant-Names." stone's 'ill-starred covenant of retreat

. During historija ands actionery time yraah tin must ning papers he brought together much valuable Pollock's subsequent advance he went twice better to do with you than to keep you in the matter for his larger work. The book under on parole to offer terms on behalf of his position of an unemployed officer.'

notice is not a compilation from published

By the Rer

In preparing those works, but mainly made up of information Flowers," and among the curious beliefs men- times her judgment is at fault, the kindliness collected from the mouths of the rustic popula- tioned are some about apple-lore. In the of her inferences enable us to forgive her tion in Kent, Sussex, Devon, Somerset, Oxon, West of England it is believed that if the verdicts for the sake of that charity which Bucks, Northants, and other parts of England. sun shines on the apple-trees on Christmas covers a multitude of sins. Mr. Friend has also gleaned some notes from Day it is an indication of a good crop in the The reader will scarcely expect the latest his own collection of books. It appears ensuing year. A gloomy Christmas Day, American tourist to be burdened with a new that he first decided to call his work with no sun, augurs ill. It is stated that the revelation. She is not an explorer. Theories “Flower-Lore; but after it was com- ancient custom of wassailing the apple-trees is of government, communistic experiments, and pleted he discovered that Messrs. M'Caw, still observed in some parts of the country female suffrage trouble her no more than they Stevenson, & Orr, of Belfast, had some Mr. Friend records a performance of this do Mrs. Hall; and if, in the course of her years ago published a volume under that ceremony at Wiveliscombe in 1882, and gives rambles through the Mongol quarter of San title, but without the name of the writer. some interesting details of the usage. Other Francisco, Miss Hardy is led to make a few We are in a position to state that it is by a chapters are headed "Flowers and Showers, remarks on the Chinese question, the almonddaughter of the late Dr. Robert Carruthers, “ Curious Beliefs of Herbalists,” “Sprigs and eyed Orientals, their virtues and their vices, editor of the Inverness Courier, and it is á Sprays of Heraldry," "Strange Facts about their rights (which are few) and their wrongs well-written book.

Plant-Names,” “ The Language of Flowers,"|(which are many), do not occupy much of After a short and chatty Introduction, in “Rustic Flower-Names, “ Peculiar Uses of her pleasant pages. Best of all—the Atlantic which the chief modern works on the subject Flowers and Plants," “Witches and their voyage excepted—we are not bored with long are mentioned, Mr. Friend deals with “ The Flower-Lore,” “Flowers and the Dead," and, accounts of journeys from one town to anFairy Garland,” giving much fairy-lore. The lastly,“ Wreaths and Chaplets." Numerous other, except when there is something very second chapter "he entitles "From Pixy illustrations are included, and a good Index particular to see or say. She jumps from to Puck," and next directs attention to renders the work handy for reference. place to place, noting simply what struck "The Virgin's Bower." He lingers for a Mr. Friend is a painstaking writer, and his her of interest, so that, while there may time among “ Bridal Wreaths and Bouquets,” book is an excellent example of conscientious not be much in the book that has not and in this chapter are recorded the many work. In every respect it is a valuable addition been told before, the impressions of a fresh allusions to flowers connected with marriage to its class of literature, and the author is to mind enable us to obtain a better idea of the to be found in the works of Shakspere. be congratulated on the result of his well- routes of the New World than if we had to Some interesting information is given about directed labour. WILLIAM ANDREWS. depend on the statements of a duller traveller. a marriage ceremony in the island of Delos, in

Any visitor's experiences are only so many which flowers, shrubs, and trees were a con

photographs; and a photograph, we know, is spicuous figure. In speaking of a wedding Between Two Oceans; or, Sketches of American but a fleeting transcript of a scene as it prewitnessed there it is stated :

Travel. By Iza Duffus Hardy. (Hurst sented itself, under what may be very excep“The inhabitants of the island assembled at

& Blackett.)

tional circumstances, to a single pair of eyes. daybreak crowned with flowers ; Aowers were Miss HARDY and her mother crossed the Hence it requires many photographs before strewn in the path of the bride and bride- Atlantic in company with a very ordinary we can have an average view. San Francisco, room ; and the house was garlanded with class of people, visited Quebec, Niagara, and and the Californian Šierras and Red woods with oak, myrtle, and hawthorn blossoms, while New York in the usual fashion, stayed for charmed Miss Hardy as they have charmed

Colorado the bride and bridegroom were crowned with

some time in Salt Lake City and San Fran- everyone who has visited them. poppies. Upon their approach to the temple a cisco, spent a few April days in Colorado, and, she thinks somewhat bald ; and, though by no priest received them at the entrance, and pre- finally, caught a glimpse of Maryland, Vir- means in love with polygamy, the simplicity sented to each a branch of ivy, as a symbol of ginia, South Carolina, and Georgia ; and now of.“ the Saints ” made her forget that this the tie which was to unite them for ever.”

" We never in a volume of 355 pages, well printed on good evil existed in prosperous Utah.

" of wandering about We are tempted to make another short thick paper, she tells us what she saw, and the wearied,” she tells us, extract from this chapter. "In Tripoli,”

kind of people with whom she came in contact. the streets of " Salt Lake City. says the writer,

Though, looking at the question from the "All seemed to us so bright, peaceable, and

standpoint of necessity, there was no particular orderly. The manners of the people were so on the celebration of a wedding, the presents reason for adding to the world's sum of gentle, open, and courteous; the women so although it is well known that the plague

is wisdom, we
are bound to say that, as a rule; in Salt Lake City, we found the true Republic

. frequently communicated in this way, yet the she writes pleasantly, in excellent taste, and Elsewhere, in the United States, we had heard inhabitants will prefer to run that risk when the with the practised pen of a gentlewoman who the theory,

but here we saw the practice. disease is abroad, to losing the enjoyment which is evidently not an author for the first time. Outside we had everywhere found traces more the use of flowers produces.

Indeed, if our memory does not deceive us, or less deep of the old-world laws of caste. The heading of another chapter is “ Flowers we have seen the name on the title-page of But there seem to be no such grooves in this and Garlands for Heroes, Saints, and Gods," more than one novel. Nobody except a female little world that lives to itself. Outside of it is and it is herein stated that

novelist would have spent twenty pages in the name, but in Salt Lake is the thing-the in former times blue was worn on St. George's describing

a voyage from Liverpool to Quebec ; Republic in its purest form.”

woman in the habit of creating In the Southern States Miss Hardy found harebell, being in blossom, was dedicated to heroes could discover on the deck of an At the scars of the war” rapidly healing, and that saint.

lantic liner so many “ big, broad-shouldered,” even the well-worn facts of the struggle On St. George's Day, when blue is worn,

“grim and grizzled," "dark and picturesque beginning to be obscured by the moss of myth. The blue Harebells the fields adorn.' and Spanish-looking” individuals; and it is the whites have again recovered their On this occasion the churches used to be solely in the pages of the lady romancist that superiority; many of the negroes are ceasing decorated with flowers, as we learn from the people “charge ” each other “solemnly to to vote; and though the wire-pullers find it churchwardens' account in the History of Read- dash down that bowl of beef tea,'or “ invoke profitable, when local questions are at stake, ing. One entry contains, Charges of Saynt the malison of outraged nature." It is also to pay their arrears of poll-tax, in order to George. Payd for roses, gyidle, sword and suspicious of Miss Hardy's calling that she qualify the “contrabando for exerti ing the dager, iijs iiijd,,, Payd for settying on the bells quotes so much poetry, and that occasionally, privilege of a citizen, as a political machine and roses iiijd.'”

as on pp. 178 and 326, she betrays a tendency the black men are never likely to become Traditions about flowers furnish topics for to hint at what might as well be left unhinted at what they were in the dull days immediately many curious stories. A sheaf of “Pro- However, these traits of literary character, succeeding "the surrender." verbs of Flowers and Plants” is included, if now and then they lead the writer into need- Altogether, we have an agreeable book before embracing many quaint examples of proverb- less bits of fine writing, serve to give a vignette- us. It is not stiff reading; it is even someial lore. Then comes a chapter on “Flowers like completeness to her pen-pictures, and a what trivial ; here and thereas more than and the Seasons," followed by a paper on literary polish which the latest escapades in two years have elapsed since the writer made " The Magic Wand ;” and, next, the author female authorship do not possess. Miss Hardy her journey—a little stale ; and, considering speaks at length of the “Superstitions about | is never vulgar, rarely personal ; and, if some. I that Miss Hardy's companjon has also narrated


and prose


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her adventures, containing, so far as the German origin; " but that is a very un- vocabulary and the index-commentary are Southern States are concerned, a twice-told | important matter. In the main, the MSS. models of editing. Neither is anyone who tale. But it is emphatically the work of a here catalogued, whether French or English, speaks with competence likely to deny the literary lady ; and, if not equal to the product Icelandic or Welsh, belong to, or are closely importance of Raoul de Cambrai, a 'poem of Mrs. Bishop's or Miss Gordon-Cumming's connected with, the four great divisions of which, despite its partly disfigured and repen, is infinitely superior to the holiday the chansons de geste, the Arthurian cycle, the handled condition, is one of the most charcackle of more pretentious voyagers.

cycle or cycles of antiquity, and the miscel- acteristic of its numerous kind. But then we ROBERT BROWN. laneous group usually called romans d'aven- had Le Glay; it has been reposing on our

tures. It is needless, alas! to say that a shelves for years; and there are so many great part, if not by far the greater part, of other chansons and

the literature represented by this mass of works that we have not, and want to Duke luon of Burdeux. Part II. Edited by hundred thousand lines, is cither unprinted, on the few editors who give us romance

MSS., some of which extend to more than a have. If the fatal passion du mieux seizes S. L. Lee. (Early-English Text Society.)

or printed in forms little more easily accessible texts (and already, both in France and Catalogue of Romances in the Manuscript De- than the MSS. themselves. A really good Germany, there are too many instances of it),

partment of the British Museum. By H. L. catalogue, which hitherto we have sadly when are we to expect the two score and more Wari. Vol. I. (British Museum.)

wanted in England, must aim at being some yet unprinted chansons, and the Artburian Raoul de Cambrai. Edited by Paul Meyer and thing of an abstract, as well as an index. romances (such as the whole French Lancelot

A. Longnon. (Société des anciens Textes Mr. Ward has done his work in this way very which are inaccessible to anyone who has not français.)

well indeed, and there are few disputed points a bottomless purse and a faculty for reading Euvres complètes d'Eustache Deschamps. Edited in any reasonable connexion with his subject illegible print, and the variants and remainders

by the Marquis de Queux de St-Hilaire. on which something will not be found here of Řenart, and the endless lyrics that wait for (Société des anciens Textes français.)

'hy the enquirer. Thus, for instance, in arrangement in a Corpus lyricorum, and so on,

noticing Partenopeus de Blois, he has most and so on? M. Meyer must not think us A LOVER of books as books might wait some properly given the entire Prologue of St. unreasonable or ungrateful, and indeed is not time before he gathered four more satisfactory Edmund the King, on which the ascription of likely to do so. volumes before him than these present; a the poem to Denis Piramus is founded—an lover of mediaeval literature might wait ascription, by-the-way, which M. Gaston Paris great edition of Deschamps which M. de

No such complaint can be made against the longer still. We have already spoken of smote the present reviewer

, not otherwise Queux de St-Hilaire is bringing out, and of the first part of Mr. Lee's edition of Huon than amiably, in Romania the other day for which the third volume now makes its appearof Burdeux ; and, as he has been unable adopting, after Paulin Paris, Bartsch, Stengel

, ance, with a graceful Preface of acknowledto complete it in second volume, we and not a few others. To err in such com- ment to the late Paulin Paris. This is cannot speak finally of it now. We-there- pany is not altogether disgraceful; but let us excellent work for the society, and we hope fore introduce it only, with commendatory confess that, on re-reading the document, the it may be followed by a similar edition of notice of its extremely handsome form in ascription does seem rather dubious. We Machảult, at least of his work other than the large paper, and of the portrait of Lord do not quite agree with Mr. Ward in his Voir Dit and the Prise d' Alexandrie. At Berners which Mr. Lee has prefixed to it. description of Titus and Vespasian as The part of the text (the story of Esclara- chanson de geste. No doubt that term has engaged on the endless roll of Deschamps

present M. de Queux de St-Hilaire is still monde) which it contains is less interesting been used very loosely, but there seems to be ballades and chansons royaulx, of which this than the older chanson which was represented a very great advantage, for purposes of classi- volume brings us to the five hundred and in Mr. Lee's first volume. But it has some fication, in confining it to poems of which not forty-seventh. It is delightful to imagine the noteworthy points

, such as the introduction of merely the form is that of rhymed or wrath of a certain order of English critic at Arthur towards the close. This alone would assonanced tirades (which the form of suffice to inform a student of its extremely Titus and Vespasian is), but of which the and forty-seven ballades and chants royaux.

the notion of a man composing five hundred late date. For when the older poems began subject also is French (which the subject

GEORGE SAINTSBURY. to transform themselves into romans d'aren- of Titus and Vespasian is not). Indeed, M. tures, some held to the Arthurian cycle, and Paul Meyer and M. Léon Gautier, who some to the Carlovingian, but none, that we do not always agree, would give even a

CURRENT LITERATURE. can think of, till quite the close of the Middle stricter definition of chanson de geste than this. Our Chancellor : Sketches for a Historical Ages—when the propriety of the geste notion For they both exclude Brun de la Montaigne, Picture. By Moritz Busch. Translated from the had been wholly lost-mingled the two. despite its form and its subject, because the German by William Beatty-Kingston. In

Mr. Ward's Catalogue of the romances in latter is Arthurian. This, however, is again vols. Macmillan.) The literary worth of these the British Museum is a very delightful picce a very small matter, and cannot be said to two volumes is by no means equal to their of reading. The unreasonable student who detract from the excellence, for instance, of historical importance. Regarded either as a remember how much more delightful it might of Geoffrey of Monmouth's originals. This

, in which the same author depicted the same pines for what is not may indeed regretfully Mr. Ward's summary of the vexed question chapter in biography or merely as entertaining have been if mismanagement and parsimony

without committing ourselves to his results hero during the Franco-German War. The had not got the better of the unrivalled (for we are inclined to hold in this matter Boswellian interest is here smothered beneath opportunities recently presented by the sale rather with Paulin Paris than with his son the burden of involved politics, half of which of the Hamilton and Ashburnham MSS., as to the Nennius controversy), we may safely at least we must confess ourselves unable to

And it must be added that Dr. which were altogether exceptionally rich in pronounce to be an admirable statement of a appreciate. this very description of literature. However, very difficult matter. The whole book is Busch, however accurate his information, is not We are not so very badly off, and it can only invaluable for reference, and anything but an agreeable

writer. A Life of Lord Beaconsfield be regretted that hitherto English scholars unattractive for continuous reading by those fashion, would be intolerable. have done so little to make the treasures of who are even moderately interested in medi- believe that the translator has exercised a sound the national collection accessible to the reader. aeval literature.

discretion in what he has omitted. But the There are here catalogued several hundred M. Paul Meyer is a person very well able truth is that a work of this kind ought not to different MSS. of many classes, but almost all to take his own part without apologies, and be translated at all

, but paraphrased. Still school, though, of course, many of them are not of Raoul

de Cambrai," alors que tant d'autres and construct out of them a real English book: representing what

may be called the French his half-apology for producing a new edition more desirable would it be if someone with the in French. The English and Scotch ballads de nos anciens poèmes sont inédits,” is there or rather an essay, which English people might make, indeed, an exception to this general fore all the more noteworthy. For ourselves, read and remember. description, and it may be suggested that it we frankly own that we do not think it unwould have been more strictly symmetrical to necessary.

The Story of the Coup d'Etat. By M. de keep them for the next volume, which is to Le Glay's is unquestionable in point of accu- In 2 vols. (Virtue.) It is hardly to be expected

The superiority of this edition to Maupas. Translated by Albert D. Vandam. contain " Beowulf and other 'romances of Iracy of text and introductory matter; the I even if it were to be desired, that this book should

We can well

become popular in this country. Englishmen condition of virgin ignorance. The result is a take an intelligent interest in all the stages of almost every shade of party have made up very pleasant booklet, full of trivialities which of instruction. The book abounds in hints, their minds that the Second Empire, whatever will interest the intending emigrant, whose maxims, and terse observations; and it is other justifications it may have had, was born knowledge is too often taken for granted by the written throughout its brief extent in a style of a conspiracy. In that conspiracy M, de literary folk who minister to his necessities. admirably calculated to suit the capacities of Maupas played a prominent part, which he here She is not troubled with science ;” and, so far those for whom it is intended. By the publicarecounts with characteristic effrontery.

We are

as we can make out, neither Canadian politics tion of such works as these a decided maninot careful to examine into the authenticity of nor the destiny of the human race disturbs the festation is afforded of the zeal with which everything that he says, for the French writers of even tenor of the lady's life. She visited some many young officers of the present day carry political memoirs are allowed a certain measure male relatives, who were keeping bachelor out their professional duties. The more the of licence. But granting that he has intended house, and is unconsciously amusing in her soldier is directly taught by the officers of his to tell the truth, the story is made none the gossip over their mishaps. Indeed, Mrs. Hall is company the less necessary will it be that more pleasant reading. We cannot congratu- never dull, and this merit makes amends for a adjutants and serjeant-majors should interfere late Mr. Vandam upon his translation, though multitude of literary sins. She has a good deal to with the captains, and the more useful (because we approve entirely of the freedom in which he say about seeding and harrowing, the prico of more independent) will the companies, which has indulged himself. Doubtless he knows both hay, and the profits on potatoes. Yet she are in reality the units of an army, be found in French and the history of the period, but un- prefers Colorado as a place of residence, and is time of war. fortunately he is not equally acquainted with not greatly enamoured with the social amenities the niceties of the English language. We have, of Western Canada. " I would not live in such Natural History Society. Vol. VI. (Bemrose,)

Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and therefore, a book that continually offends by its a place for worlds,” she tells

her correspondent; This volume does more credit to the printers suggestions of the original, and is “neither fish "and I think we have done good by coming out, than to the editor, for the paper, type, and nor fowl.” The best translation we have read if only to mend up all the old rags belonging illustrations have been selected with better for some time is that of John Bull et son Ile, to these poor men.” We may add that the which is understood to have been made by the dreary, looking process.” plate which serves roll of Derbyshire freeholders, 1633, is too im

judgment than the literary contents.

The anthor himself.

as an illustration of “Clovelly Farm That once famous book, Vestiges of Creation calculated to relieve this uncomplimentary perfect to be of much value. Among other which has been out of print for some twenty verdict on the much vaunted refuge for the im well-known families

who are not noticed in the

list are Roper of Manor, Cope' of Melbourne, years, now appears in a twelfth edition with pecunious farmer.

and Hardinge of King's Newton. The only the name of the author on the title-page

Citizen Soldiers. By Capt. Spencer Wilkin- paper in this volume of any real merit and (Chambers). Though we fancy that it has for

son. (Kegan Paul, Trench, & Co.) This little interest is a list of the beneficed clergy of the some time been an open secret, it is here for the work consists of a series of

essays with regard to diocese of Lichfield in 1603, which Mr. Charles first time stated authoritatively that the the improvement of the Volunteer force. The Cox has unearthed from the archives of the author – and the sole author - was Robert

author, himself an officer of Volunteers, points Dean and Chapter. The total number of Chambers. For writing the MS. he used the out various shortcomings now existing in the benefices enumerated is 461, which were served his publishers the intervention of Mr. Alexander organisation of the citizen soldiers, and pro- by 433 clergy. Among the pluralists was Luke Ireland, who is now the sole survivor of the four poses practical remedies. It would appear that Smith, M.A., who contrived without a curate

at the present time our auxiliary army is far to satisfy the spiritual wants of Birmingham original depositaries of the secret. In a graceful from being so efficient a supplement to the and Solihull, which lie seven miles apart. BirIntroduction, Mr. Ireland tells as much of the regular army as it might be. For instance, the mingkam in 1884 employs above sixty parsons, story as we shall ever know, and thus confers Volunteers have little or no practice in that without counting the clergy in the suburbs and one more obligation upon those who are curious most essential portion of a soldier's duties the Nonconformist ministers in the town. It is as to the literary history of the second quarter known as marching. Almost all their time is notorious that one of the immediate results of of the present century.

devoted to elementary drill and to shooting the change of religion was to lower the standard Gex. WILLIAM MESNY, of the Chinese army, Even in the latter important branch Capt. of learning required from candidates for ordinawhose name will be familiar to readers of the Wilkinson suggests many useful alterations. tion, and that the Elizabethan ministers, as late Capt. Gill's River of Golden Sand, has He also remarks on the necessity that exists for a class, had not been educated at the published at Hongkong an historical sketch of a higher standard of training on the part of universities. Strype contends in his Annals of Tungking, mainly derived from native authori- Volunteer officers, and on the advantages they the Reformation that this ceased to be the case ties. "The account of the Black Flags,” he would derive from a study of tactics. In his after 1573. But this list shows that in 1603

opinion, the system by which captains and only 110 out of the 433 clergy beneficed in the " is based upon knowledge acquired from two of majors in the regular forces are " seconded” for diocese of Lichfield were graduates of either

five my military pupils who were sent upon an im

years in order to act as adjutants to the university. Nowadays every deacon receives on perial mission to the head.quarters of the band at Volunteers fails to identify the interests of the his ordination, as a matter of course, a preacher's Lao Kai.

As they were not only natives of adjutant with those of the corps to which he is licence; but in 1603 there were only eighty-two, but had been formerly trusted chiefs of thus attached, and cannot possibly last. The licensed preachers in the diocese of Lichfield. the T'ai-pings, they were for a month the welcome book is written in an earnest spirit, and the They were more or less itinerant, and travelled and honoured guests of the daring Black Flag style is fluent. Such brochures cannot but from parish to parish to satisfy the canonical leader, Liu Yung-fu.”

prove of considerable value to those in requirements; for, by the Elizabethan injuncThe importance of this little book it would not authority whose duty it is to maintain the tions of 1559, four sermons only were of be easy to exaggerate.

defences of the kingdom in that state of obligation in a parish church in the course of

readiness which, in these days of enorinous the year. On all other Sundays a homily A Lady's Life on a Farm in Manitoba. By accumulations of warlike force on the part of sufficed. O nimium fortunati sua si bona norint. Mrs. Cecil Hall. (W. H. Allen.). The title of Continental Powers, is of the most vital neces- We would call attention to a quarto pamphlet instead of one-. lady" there happened % besity to our existence as a nation, Few persons by Constantine Sathas, Vies des Saints allemands

realise the slenderness of the thread on which de l'Eglise de Chypre (Genoa), which adds two, the party comprising the writer and a friend; and the “farm” in Manitoba where exists for increasing the value of our military story of Cyprus. The island served as a con

our naval supremacy rests, and the need that something to our knowledge of the mediaeval they passed a few months of "life" is, by an exercise of geographical tension, made to include

necting link between East and West; and more 10t only that province, but the steamer in which

Military Training of a Company of Infantry. foreign saints were worshipped there than elsethey crossed the Atlantic, the Pullman cars in By Lieut. Harry J. Crauford. Kegan Paul, where,, especially as it was a place of refugę which they travelled to Minnesota, and the Trench, & Co.) In this little book the practical from Palestine and other parts of the mainland The volume consists of familiar letters to friends company in the various forms of attack and conquests. It is true that the lives of S. Theraat home,“ never intended for publication,” and defence, outpost duty, advanced guard, and pon, s. Auxentius, S. Kendeas, S. Constantine, we might venture to suggest might have re- rear guard is described in a clear and simple . Anastasius, have nothing very special about nained in MS. for any loss the ever-in- manner.

Lieut. Crauford makes some very

them, but they help to fill up a gap in our creasing mass of Manitoba literature would have sensible suggestions with regard to the exercises, knowledge of those times. The pamphlet is an suffered. There is not much novelty in these drills, and lectures by means of which it

extract from the Archives de l'Orient latin, Letters; but, as every experience faithfully re- possible to train non-commissioned officers tome ii., 2, 405-26. lated is a direct contribution to the subject, be it and soldiers to acquire that “fire discipline MR. BERNARD QUARITCH has issued this tever so hackneyed, we welcome these brief im- which, in these days, is essential to success in month No. 352 of his useful Catalogues, pressions of a tourist who, if not very wise, is the field of battle. His object is to induce the quaintly styled a Catalogue of Religions and never a bore. Everything was fresh to her, and men to understand the broad reasons for the Superstitions." Needless to say that it is she writes as if her reader was in the same happy different tactical arrangements, and hence to efficiently, though briefly, indexed,



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