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class; the second with the pernicious effect of

CORRESPONDENCE.

If you want to get wealth and treasure, certain industrial pursuits on the health of the

A BUDDHIST MORALITY.”

Children and (rich) family connexionworkers. The well-known facts under each of

Then learn to cleanse your body and month,

Wark Rectory, Northumberland : March 28, 1884. these heads are presented in clear and forcible

And do worthy deeds of charity! language, which will enlighten the ignorance, if Kumārajiva's version of As'vaghosha's sermons,

The following short story, translated from To expect to reap advantage (religious profit] it fail to alter the practice, of those responsible

without sowing, for the evils which it is the author's object to

is so striking in its point and character that Is 'as if we expected the sun, and moon, and đenounce.

stars I think perhaps you might be disposed to publish

it in the ACADEMY. It provides, as I think, [To shine) without illuminating the earth; The Book of Health, edited by Mr. Malcolm another instance of probable contact between

For as they brighten the earth, Morris (Cassells), is likely to be useful, not East and West at the time when it was written. We know it is the result of works done before! only to the general public for whom it is As'vaghosha was a follower of Kanishka, who

Above the heavens and below primarily intended, but also to the medical lived, as now generally believed, about the

We may draw this distinction in all cases, profession, which will recognise among its middle of the second half of the first century

Much blessedness from much virtue! contributors names of well-known authority. A.D. If St. Thomas ever went to India at

Little blessedness from little virtue! The articles are generally sensible and clear, the call of Gondoferus (who flourished just

Know, then, throughout the world

All things result from previous cause ; the advice sound and detailed; the Index is full, before Kanishka), we might here find a possible Charity brings increase; Dr. Hermann Weber's essay upon “ Climate and explanation of many parallels in the sermons Moral conduct results in birth in heaven; Health Resorts” is a model of conciseness and of As'vaghosha and the Christian doctrine. But if there is no root (cause] of charity, thoroughness.

S. BEAL. Then happiness in consequence is scant, DR. B. W. RICHARDSON has written The Field AS'VAGHOSHA'S SERMONS, K. 10, p. 17 (text).

Wisdom and meditation bring deliverance (sal.

vation]. of Disease (Macmillan) for “the intelligent read

' Again, 'Whatever deeds men do, they will re, ing public," whose tastes he has long studied, ceive the fruit thereof."

These three [charity, wisdom, and meditation]

alone bring reward; and educated, we hope, up to the point of “Į heard some time ago the following story :- The “ten-powered lord" (Buddha] speaks thus: reading this pretentious essay, which is most a certain poor man resolved with himself,- All things result from cause,” certainly neither scientific nor, in the ordinary 'I ought to offer sacrifice to the gods, that my Trouble me not, therefore (with your prayers): sense, popular.

present store of wealth may be increased, and my Practise virtue! Fourth Report on the Migration of Birds. with himself, he addressed his brother as follows :

possessions multiplied !'. Having thought thus Then you will reap beneficent fruit!'" The committee appointed by the British You must be diligent in cultivating the ground, Association for the Advancement of Science and working for the good of the house, so that no have issued another Report, but do not seem want be felt!' Then, taking his brother to the

SCIENCE NOTES. to draw any nearer to the mystery of bird- field, he said, 'In this place you are to sow .migration. Perhaps it is too soon to ask millet, in this place rice, here you must sow,

At the meeting held last Monday in the them to generalise. The collection of statistics corn, and here pulse!' Having thus made arrange

rooms of the Royal Society ' in Burlington on the different birds which passed our light- ments, he went to offer up his sacrifices; he House, it was resolved to form a “Society for houses and lightships is full of interest to the offered up flowers and incense in profusion, and, the Biological Investigation of the Coasts of

and naturalist. Mr. Cordeaux and Mr. J. A. H. morning and evening, bowed down prostrate before the United Kingdom; à provisional Brown, to whom the greater portion of this [the gods he adored), and humbly craved some council was appointed, with Prof. Ray Lankester Report is due, are to be congratulated on having substance. At this time the divine spirit (whom required for the establishment of marine

present advantage and increase of his worldly as secretary. The sum of at least £6,000 is made, out of what might easily degenerate into a he adored) thought thus :--'I must look into the laboratories, and subscriptions are invited. long list of dry figures, a useful document for previous history of this poor man to see whether, The meeting was adjourned to May 30. the ornithologist. The committee appear to have in his previous career, he has acquired merit by espoused Mr. Darwin's theory that birds origin- almsgiving, and so I'may be enabled to grant BABU ASHTERTOSH MUJHARJI, who stood first ally travelled north or east merely for food, his prayer for increase of wealth.' Having in mathematics at the ast B.A. examination of and have continued to do so from habit during looked into the man's previous history, he the Calcutta University, has been elected : a long course of ages, even when valleys have found that he had never exercised the gift fellow of the London Mathematical Society in become watercourses and wide plains våst of charity, and so had no antecedent claim to consideration of his papers contributed to its

Mr. A. R. Wallace's views, however, the gratification of his wishes, and so he thought, Journal. are just as reasonable, though neither succeeds 'This man, without any claim, still asks and prays

In view of the recent discussion in the in grappling with the prime difficulty-what that his wishes may be gratified, and that his cares instinct is--which is implied in both theories. may be lightened. I will now change myself and ACADEMY about " the sea-blue bird of March," The latter considers that migration is one of the cor to him as he is engaged in sacrifice, under the it is not unworthy of record that two swallows

were seen on Thursday of last week (March 27) means of getting rid of the enormous surplus On this, changing himself into his brother's form, as far north as Kelso, in Roxburghshire. of bird population, as only a small number, he he went to the temple and stood beside him. Then thinks, survive out of the vast crowds which his brother said, 'What are you doing here, instead

A TRANSLATION of Rochet's work on the seek to pass from one region to another. In of sowing the land ?' On which the brother (in natural proportions of both sexes, by Dr. East Scotland we find, from this Report, that his assumed form) answered, “I wished also to Carter Blake, will be published immediately by during the spring of 1882 swallows were come to beg the gods to be propitious to me, and Messrs. Baillière, Tindall, & Cox. arriving until after the middle of May, while from grant me food and raiment ! and although I have

The last number of the Proceedings of the June onwards till autumn there were various, the good wille produce fruit and increase powerhen Geologists' Association is notable for containing are at all times engaged in local migrations. you expect the ground, without being sown, to descriptive of the section which was recently At the Isle of May, on September 22, a single produce fruit? Such a thing is impossible !" and exposed at the Park Hill railway cutting at heron was seen screaming as if lost ” in the so he repeated the gåtha

Croydon. This cutting displayed a far finer haze of a calm day. It is easy to fancy what • Within the great sea-encompassed earth,

exposure of the Woolwich and Reading beds would have been said of this lonely bird in the

And in every place alike,

than had ever been seen before, and yielded to days when witchcraft was a firm belief in Scot- What fruit can be expected

Mr. Klaassen's indefatigable labours some reland. Year after year it is found that birds Where no seed is sown?'

markable fossils, including bones of a gigantic follow the same lines of migration when At this time the brother addressed the other (in bird and an ulna of the rare Eocene mammal approaching or leaving our shores. Mr. his assumed form) and said, "In all the world how called Coryphodon, the latter of which has been Gätke, from Heligoland, calls attention to can it be that the land produce fruit where no seed described by Mr. E. T. Newton under the name a vast swarm of the silver gamma moth has been sown?? Then the brother said, 'True! of (. Croydonensis. The great engineering (Plusia gamma), which drifted across that without sowing there is no increase!' At which difficulties attending the Park Hill cutting island from August 13 to 19, 1882, all time the Deva, re-assuming his heavenly appear- render it probable that no similar work will travelling from east to west, and in number ance, said,

again be undertaken. “ millions like a snowstorm." Those who re- Now, according to your own words, member Mr. Darwin's observations upon the

Without sowing there is no reaping;

MR. LUCIEN CARR, assistant curator of the destruction which a severe winter works among If, in your previous life, there has been no charity, Peabody Museum, in the Mounds of the Mississmall birds will be interested in hearing that

What fruit can you now expect ?

sippi Valley historically considered (Cincinnati), previous to the terrible winter of 1878 the

Though now you endure self-affliction,

contends (as we think, successfully) that there chaffinch was the most common of small birds

And deprive yourself to offer me offerings, is no need of the hypothesis of an unknown in Islay, but after that very rare indeed until

And so afflict your body with a view to propitiate race as builders of these mounds; that the con

my goodness! on October 22, 1880, a flock of some thousands What is this but to trouble me with your services ! Probably regarding the sun, moon, and stars appeared, and since then they have again been How can I grant you the increase

as devas ; shining thus, in proof of their former abundant.

And the prosperity you desire ?

good deeds.

seas.

struction of the mounds themselves, and of all the latter half of the sixth century. In the Monuments de l'Art antique. Par 0. Rayet. the remains found therein, are within the other paper the Rev. J. D. Bate discusses the capabilities of the Red Indians of historic times, burning of the Alexandrian library, and gives The sixth part of M. Rayet's Monuments has

Parts V. and yỊ. (Paris : Quantin.) more elaborate-the mound of Circleville-was that 'Amrû was responsible, as against the followed rapidly on the fifth, and would have certainly built after contact with the whites. scepticism of Gibbon.

been no less welcome but for the announceTHE Litterarisches Centralblatt of March 29 ment that the series is now complete. Let us PHILOLOGY NOTES.

has a review of Mr. Wharton's Etyma Graeca. hope it will not be long before M. Rayet and

"The book should be very useful to those who his most praiseworthy publisher may see an As readers of the ACADEMY know, Prof. Sayce are unable to study the subject themselves.”

opportunity of continuing a work of so much has brought back with him from Egypt careful

interest and value. copies of a large number of Greek, Cypriote, THE Philologische Rundschau of March 29

In part vi. the Caryatid of the Erechtheum and Phoenician inscriptions. The Greek inscrip- contains a careful (and not very favourable) tions (one of which is at least as old as the review of Prof. Jebb's Oedipus Tyrannus, by the and the sculptured drum of a column from

Ephesus rival each other in the beauty with famous inscription at Abu Simbel) will probably well-known critic Dr. Wecklein. be published in the Journal of the Hellenic

which they are reproduced, not that as exSociety; the Cypriote ones in the Transactions

amples of sculpture they can compare for a of the Society of Biblical Archaeology; while

MEETINGS OF SOCIETIES.

moment." It so happens, however, that the the Phoenician ones will be sent to Paris to

artificial process of reproduction has lent appear in the next volume of M. Renan's Corpus Royal HISTORICAL Society.—(Thursday, March 20.) itself with more advantage to the inferior of Inscriptionum Semiticarum. Dr. Zerffi in the Chair.-Mr. C. J. Stone read a

the two works—that is, to the Ephesian drum. MR. E. A. SONNENSCHEIN, Professor of paper on “Historical Suggestions in the Mahá- For who can agree with M. Rayet that in Classics in the Mason College, Birmingham, is bharata,” in which he contended that the internal presence of it one might forget that a cenengaged upon an edition of the Mostellaria of evidence of the poemesbowed that it had been tury separates it from the frieze of the ParPlautus.

written before the development of Buddhism in thenon? The difficulty is to understand The first part of the Transactions of the but that there were suggestions of archaic how a century could have sufficed to produce

Buddhism in it. He asserted that, upon its testi

upon its testi- so marked a degradation. On the other hand, tains a paper by the Rev. W. Houghton on mony, we must recognise a very high and "The Birds of the Assyrian Monuments," which elaborate civilisation to have been in existence

we do not share the difficulty he finds with has also been issued independently by Messrs. on the plains of the Upper Ganges and Jumna, in regard to the plinths which supported the Harrison & Sons as a pamphlet of one hundred about the epoch of Pericles in Athens. He pro- sculptured coļumns in the temple of Diana pages. Readers of the ACADEMY do not require duced quotations to show that, in architecture, (several large pieces of which may be seen in to be told that Mr. Houghton combines, in a arts, arms, sciences, and in love of the beauties of the British Museum); they are sculptured degree that has no parallel

, the qualifica- nature as well as of art, a refined civilisation was like the lowest drums of the columns. If M. tions of philologer and naturalist. Even those indicated. He also quoted passages in illustration Rayet had been acquainted

with the Memoirs to whom the cuneiform' characters are naught the frequent mention of treatises on various in which Mr. Fergusson has proved this, he cannot fail to be interested by the numerous topics as testifying to a literary age ; while even in would hardly have been so unfair as to ascribe illustrations which the society always lavishes theatricals, elaborate cookery, and potent drinks to his influence an objectionable notion of Mr. upon its publications. Such a work iş a credit a civilisation akin to our own was suggested. to English scholarsbip, especially when it is

Wood's. As to the subject sculptured on the bome in mind that the author is a country

drum here in question—the story of Alkestisclergyman, without ready access to libraries. ROYAL SOCIETY OF LITERATURE.—(Wednesday, he is right so far in giving to Prof. Robert the

March 26.) At a recent meeting of the Académie des Joseph Haynes, Esa., J.P., in the Chair.—Mr. tion of it"; at the same time, he will find in

praise of having published an ample explanaoldest of the religious edicts of Asoka, which is ... E.. Carmichael

, foreign secretary, read a Robert's notes an acknowledgment of the fact preserved in three rock inscriptions-at Sasse- Law of Nations," in which he traced the con- that this particular explanation had long been ram, Rupnath, and Bairat. The text of it was nexion between the principal work of the great published and accepted in this country. But first published in 1877, and has given rise to Dutch publicist, and tlie earlier and less-kuown we turn gladly to the more genial atmosphere much controversy. M. Sénart agrees with Prof. writings on the subjecť by Gratian, St. Thomas that surrounds the Caryatid of the Erechtheum, Buhler that it is a genuine edict of Asoka, and Aquinas

, Honoré Bouet, Christine de Pisan, and beautiful in the original marble, excellent as that it embodies Buddhist ideas; but he also others. agrees with Prof. Oldenberg, in opposition to the relations between Gentili and Grotius, and a reproduction, and treated of with a literary Prof. Bühler, that the numbers “ 236” repre- called attention to the recent publications of skill in which critical judgment and fine sent, not a date reckoned from the death of M. Nys and of Prof. Rivier, of Brussels, and of enthusiasm are evenly balanced, not altogether Sakhya Muni, but the number of missionaries Dir

. Opzoomer, of Amsterdam, on Grotius and without a touch of that hostility to things as sent forth. The following is M. Sénart's

version of the chief Controversies in which Grotius took they are which M. Rayet has shown before of the entire text :

part, and their position at the present day in the on occasion. He does well to be warmed by * Thus says the [king] dear to the devas. For two accepted law of nations, showing how far the his recollection of the porch of the Caryatides; years and a half I was upå saka (lay Buddhist) and doctrines of Grotius have been rejected, and how and for the glowing language in which he did not show great zeal; it is now a year since I far they have prevailed. have entered the saingha (monastic brotherhood).

recalls his impressions he may reckon on the In that time the men who were the true gods of

delight' of many, it is to be hoped, besides SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES.—(Thursday, March 27.) the Jambudvípa (i.e., the Brahmans) have been

those who know the acropolis of Athens. proved to be not true gods. Such has been the A. W. Franks, Esq., V.-P., in the Chair.—Mr. effect of my zeal, an effect that cannot be gained St. John Hope read a paper on the plan of the

Part v. is perhaps the richest of the whole

series. by power alone. The most lowly by showing zeal cathedral built at Rochester by Bishop Gundulf

That key-stone of archaic art, the can win heaven, however high. That is the end after he pulled down Ethelbert's church, which Harpy tomb in the British Museum, is allowed which this teaching aims at--that all, lowly and was too small and, besides, ruinous. The dis- four separate plates, and receives a very ample great, should show zeal, that the heathen them- covery of the foundations of walls in the under- commentary from M. Rayet, his manner, and that this zeal should be lasting. So will be siderable length, had a square end, from which usually trenchant enough when he sees cause,

a rectangular chapel projected. A box of bones being here mitigated by a sense of admiration, infinite advance. It is by missionaries that this was found in the undercroft, perhaps the relics which everyone will approve, for the author teaching is done. Two hundred and fifty-six have from some shrine. - There was also exhibited a of a theory which he finds it necessary to gone forth as missionaries. Engrave these things bronze arm of Irish work, with an Irish inscrip- combat. We refer to the theory of Prof. E. apon the rocks; and where there are pillars of stone tion, dedicated to St. Lachtin. It has been

Curtius. engrave them there also.” engraved in Vetusta Monumenta.

So also in the commentary on the THERE are at least two articles of interest in

Demeter of Knidos it is pleasant to find a very the April number of the Indian Antiquary,

genial acknowledgment of the position and which has already reached us. One is by Mr.

FINE ART.

authority of Prof. Brunn. We mention these K. T. Telang on the date of Sankarâchârya, the 19TEIP CENTURY ART SOCIETY, CONDUIT STREET GALLERIES.- things specially because sometimes it would reformer of Southern India. The writer argues,

seem as if M. Rayet were urged by national in reply to Prof. Max Müller (who has adopted

antipathy in his remarks. One of the most A.D. 788 in his India : What can it Teach us ?),

GREAT SALE of PICTURES, at reduced prices (EngravingsChromaco successful of M. Rayet's reproductions from that a great body of evidence combines to give up wedding and Christmas probuote** OBO. REES, 115, Strand, near Waterloo-bridge.

the British Museum is that of the large

The NPRIXO EXHIBITION NOW OPEN from 10 to 6 bully.LASE
WEEK --FREEMAN and MARRIOTT, S.c.

find a

bronze head of Aphrodite, as he quite rightly, made me doubt their being by. Memlinc. His It recalls a little too closely the methods of M. we think, insists on calling ber. That it is other works had led me to believe that he had Bastien Lepage, not to speak of those of that a work of the school of Praxiteles may be escaped the pernicious influence of the Renais- extremely promising young English painter, accepted for the present.

sance; but here, alas! it is only too apparent, for Mr. Clausen. The simplicity of the peasantIn his undertaking M. Rayet has obtained in close proximity to the most

sacred scenes are in- who has likewise a measure of sturdiness—is, of

troduced vulgar trivialities, such as the boy teas- course, a relief after the too numerous idealisavaluable assistance from MM. Collignon and ing a monkey seated behind a soldier on horse- tions of rustic and pastoral life with which the Martha. In part v. M. Collignon states fairly back on Calvary, or the dog and the frog in front galleries were flooded when these things were in and clearly the whole case as regards the of our Lord as he is carrying his cross thither. the taste of a past generation. But in the bronze satyr from Patras now in the British A detailed study of the whole has convinced me country-outside the art of M. Bastien Lepage Museum, with its claim to be copied from a that there can be no doubt that the entire work-it is not true that "a common grayness

so that about the scheme work of Myron ; while, again, in part vi. he is his composition, and I altogether disagree silvers everything;” describes with just appreciation the marble with Crowe and Cavalcaselle's strange remark of colour and tone which Mr. Brown has adopted head of Zeus from Milo. M. Martha, in reminiscences of Van der Weyden than any other Mr. John Burr's “ Politician” is a study of

that this double-winged triptych suggests more there is a measure of conventionality. Now part vi., deals with the archaic stele in Naples that Memlinc ever composed : the exact reverse single figure of unquestioned reality. As has freand the statue of Augustus in the Vatican, would, I think, be nearer the truth. The quently been the case with a Scotchman's work, treating both as satisfactorily as it is pos- execution, however, of the three principal from the days of Wilkie to those of Erskine sible to treat them when detached, as they panels is so unequal that I am inclined to think Nicol, it aims at the presentation of a shrewd are here, from the general context of the it was in part carried out by his pupils.

humour; but the humour is well removed from history of sculpture. In M. Rayet's plan the Dr. Gaedertz' monograph-the only one, I | the region of caricature, and the study of charvarious subjects reproduced and discussed believe, upon this altar-piece--will be most acter is as true as it is entertaining. Mr. follow each other in no historical order. Each welcome to all lovers of the early Netherlandish Ludovici's pictures are generally among the stands alone and complete in itself. The whole pictures is accompanied by a plan showing the Valse” is a bold enough grappling with the

school. His carefully written description of the features of the gallery. His “Invitation to the work is, therefore, a large book of reference general arrangement of the subjects, and is prosaic incident of an evening party at a house where students

may
considerable

preceded by a notice of the Greverade family. where most people would seem to be pretentious, number of the principal ancient sculptures

W. H. JAMES WEALE. and few would seem to be attractive; but, in presented to him with so much artistic and

his “Fantasia in White," the note of refineliterary skill that he may regard it as an

ment is no longer lacking. Some elegance of invaluable possession. A. S. MURRAY. THE SOCIETY OF BRITISH ARTISTS.

formand some grace of design conferinterest upon

a canvas from which the fascination of glowing This year the Society of British Artists gives hues has been avowedly withheld. MEMLINCS ALTAR-PIECE AT

us a better exhibition than it has sometimes
LUEBECK.

done. Nobody expects the walls of five rooms
to be covered with works of genius, but the

THE DENT PRINT SALE.
Hans Memlinc und dessen Altarschrein im Dom proportion of fair things to bad is greater than The sale of the large and, in some respects, very

Lübeck. Von Dr. Theodor Gaedertz. It has often been. If the poetry of Mr. Wool- important cabinet of prints amassed by the late (Leipzig : Engelmann.)

mer is as sensational as heretofore, that of Mr. St. John Dent began at Sotheby's on THE polyptych or altar-piece with double wings Mr. Edwin Ellis, in his painting, is somewhat Friday last, and has continued all the week. It which forms the subject of the present notice less violent. Mr. Ellis's “In Fold” is, in has been attended throughout its course by a fair is preserved in the old cathedral of Lübeck, short, an impressive picture. Mr. Leslie number of connoisseurs—both private collectors and is fairly well known in this country owing Thomson is à contributor of refined and and English and foreign dealers. More than to the chromo-lithographic reproductions of it artistic, if somewhat tentative, landscape work, eleven hundred lots have been comprised in the published by the Arundel Society. The chapel and Mr. G. S. Walters realises more, but in sale. The interest of the occasion has greatly for which it was painted was formerly the ways that many may account less modern. Mr. varied with the different days. Saturday has chantry of the Greverade family, and was Wyke Bayliss sends at least one drawing in his been the great day. Then were sold some of founded in 1493 by Adolphus and Henry freer and better manner. This is an interior in the rarest of the Italian prints for which the Greverade, sons of a burgher and merchant the cathedral of Rouen, and is a beautiful collection has been renowned. Chief of these of Lübeck. Adolphus was a priest, who, it study of the richest Gothic architecture under was Botticelli's original engraving, “The Asappears, became a canon of the cathedral in an effect of potent light. Mr. Bayliss is an sumption of the Virgin,” which is not only of 1497, but continued as before to reside chiefly at artist in whom we have not hesitated to extraordinary scarcity, but which was, in the the University of Louvain. His brother Henry remark certain faults or deficiencies that mar present instance of it, of excellent condition

, was a merchant, and lived partly at Bruges, the triumph of his labour ; but it is desirable The great print was, indeed, intact, and rich and partly at Lübeck. No document has as yet been to recognise that as a pictorial student of brilliant in impression. Very few impressions found to prove the origin of the picture, which, Gothic architecture he stands somewhat alone are known of it, though it does fortunately when mentioned, is designated as de schone tafele

, as the successor of Roberts and Prout, and he happen to be possessed by the greater public but it was probably a joint gift of the two has indeed, both in his aims and in his achieve

That is to say, it is not absent from brothers. Henry died suddenly in 1500 at ments, characteristics which we can discover the cabinets of the British Museum, of the Viterbo, and was buried at Rome; Adolphus in the works of neither of these earlier masters. Paris Bibliothèque nationale, and of the Berlin at Louvain in 1501. The latter by his will At the Society of British Artists he is, however, Museum. An impression, also, that was in the endowed a chaplaincy which he had instituted represented less liberally than is usual, much Durazzo Collection was sold from that cabinet at the altar of the family chantry under the of his most recent work having gone with his at Stuttgart into that of one of the Rothschilds title of the Holy Cross, Saints John the Bap- earlier to the show that is only just closing at of Paris eight years ago. The price was then tist, Jerome, Blaise, and Giles. the Messrs. Dowdeswells'.

about £420. But, last week, that price bas The altar-piece when open displays the entire The best pictures in Suffolk Street are been — as was, indeed, anticipated-much history of the Passion of our Lord, the cen- generally to be found among the figure pieces. surpassed. M. Thibaudeau and M. Clément tral panel being devoted to the dread scene of these perhaps only Mr. Arthur Hill's were on Saturday the competing bidders, and enacted on Calvary, while the carriage of the subtly wrought "Shell” combines a reasonable it is now hardly concealed that they were cross and the entombment occupy the fore- share of idealisation with a large measure of acting respectively for two of the most eminent ground on the inside of the inner wings, the realistic study. It is beautiful, and even of European collectors-Mr. Malcolm of Polother scenes being depicted in miniature in the distinguished, in colour and in line. Mr. talloch and M. Dutuit. The prize fell to L landscape background. Full-length figures of Gordon's " Lauretta” and “ Fair Florist are Thibaudeau's bid of £860. As a composition it the four saints above mentioned occupy the less refined, though it may be-to a large is remarked that the work differs extremely outer sides of these wings and the inside of the public—more immediately impressive work from that painted picture by the same master shutters, on the exterior of which is the Annun- The “ Haymaker,” by Mr. Fred Brown, is the Sandro Botticelli-which passed from the ciation in monochrome. In size this is Memlinc's contribution of an artist whose picture of Hamilton Collection into our own National most important work; it is also his latest known girls dancing at a London street corner to the Gallery. A print which had been a good deal production. Waagen said that it shows him tunes of an American organ was much and counted on by those who placed implicit reliance in his great perfection,” while Messrs. justly commended by unprejudiced observers on the Catalogue or on the judgment of Mr Crowe and Cavalcaselle pronounce it to be a at the last Royal Academy. It was an un- Dent was received as a disappointment. It had work of marked inferiority.”. Having very wonted exhibition of healthy and vigorous been announced as an early impression of carefully examined this altar-piece last June, art. Now, we do not say that his Hay- work by Gian Antonio da Brescia. It fetched I must say that the inner panels exhibit a maker” is' less healthy, but we say that it is only £i 12s. Doubtless fifty times as much marked decadence in feeling which at first more derived, if not precisely more imitative. had been expected for it. Among the other

museums.

nd more notable Italian prints was the beau- founders seem to have erected for an endless more than one hundred illustrations from the iful “Music Party" by Domenico Campagnola, duration.

originals. hich owes much to the master with whom its Mariette covered up again several of the ame is associated, and something probably to monuments which he had found, in order to

We understand that the valuable series of he genius of Giorgione. The impression in preserve them from the destructive effect of royal amulets catalogued in Mr. Loftie's Essay Ir. St. John Dent's cabinet was bought for rain. Mr. Petrie has already come across one of of Scarabe will be put up to auction en 12 by M. Danlos, the Parisian dealer. them-the inscription of Tirhakah; he will no

It would be

bloc during the coming season. On Monday the Dürers-a very fine collec doubt find the famous tablet of the year 400, deplorable if this fine collection (as important ion indeed—were parted with, but, though they of which we know only the upper half

. It to students of Egyptian archaeology as is a omprised many things of intellectual interest, would be most desirable to have the end of this collection of coins and medals to students of here was no rarity of the nature of the Botti- important

inscription. As Mr. Petrie rightly classical history and art) should be allowed, like elli we have mentioned above. Since then the observes, Sân is remarkable for the great into the hands of a foreign buyer. Is it quite Rembrandts have been sold. The mention of amount of substitution, appropriation, and hem brings us to one of the weak points in the regal thieving that went on in its temple. idle to hope that it may be purchased by one

of the universities? ollection,

which has indeed elsewhere been de- There are some statues where four kings have scribed, not unjustly, as of a somewhat old- inscribed their names without taking the trouble A COLLECTION of choice prints, consisting ashioned though of a rich kind. For in his to erase those of their predecessors. It is principally of examples lent by Mr. Tuer to Rembrandts, for example, Mr. St. John Dent very likely that the first in date of the usurpers the recent Bartolozzi Exhibition, will be sold was notably deficient. He appears to have were the Hyksos. After having been at Sân, and shortly by Messrs. Christie. revelled in those sacred subjects which-with a looked at the monuments on the spot, it is hardly few exceptions-can hardly be deemed worthy possible to doubt that the so-called Hyk

ACCORDING to the last issue of the Chronique to be the prime favourites of the collector of monuments are much older than the foreign des Arts, the Maspero Fund in Paris amounts to to-day. He had almost no Rembrandt por- invaders, and must be attributed to the XIIIth 20,000 frs. (£800). Oddly enough, the French traits except a short series of Rembrandt's por- or even to the XIIth Dynasty. On the other are enquiring to what purposes the money thus traits of himself from youth to mature age. Of hand, the inscription of Pepi of the Vith subscribed will be applied-—question they course these are interesting. They include one or Dynasty is certainly a restoration of later date. might answer for themselves by carefully readtwo of the master's finer works ; but not to have It is possible that there was a small sanctuary at ing. Prof. Maspero's own letter, and by com, the elder Haaring, the Lutma in the first state, Tanis at this early epoch, but the real founders paring it with his interesting statement read and the Clément de Jonghe in the first state is of Tanis must have been the Amenemhas and

before the Académie des Inscriptions on indeed to abandon the pretension of possessing Userteseus, whom Manetho calls Diospolites, September 7 of last year, and afterwards puba Rembrandt collection of extraordinary interest Thebans (XIIth Dynasty). We do not know lished in the October number of the Revue from the point of view of its completeness. the end of the XII|th Dynasty, which followed. archéologique. Moreover, Rembrandt's landscape art was It disappears in the great gap of the Hyksos OUR Paris correspondent writes : represented only by one great print, “The period, which the excavations at Sân may “Last week a dinner was given to M. Th. Ribot by Three Trees.' Where, one may ask, was the possibly help to fill up.

a group of critics, painters, and amateurs of good Cottage with White Palings," the “Cottage The monuments referring to those dynasties painting. M. Bardoux, a former Minister, sketched and Dutch Hay-Barn,” and “Rembrandt's will be specially interesting. A small fragment the modest life of the artist; M. Kaempfen, Director Mill,” not to speak of yet greater rarities ? A with a name is sometimes of greater value of Fine Arts, spoke of his originality and talent; weak point in the St. John Dent Collection-we than a fine statue. In this respect Mr. Petrie and M. Fourcaud, the distinguished critic, cona speak always with reference to its admitted has already made an interesting discovery. It gratulated him on his independence and on his fame-- was the absence of governing taste in the is a fragment of a statue belonging to the fidelity to the principles

he has made his own. M. selection of the examples of some of the greatest XIIIth Dynasty, the inscription of which records Th: Ribot replied: Je bois à l'art, puis à l'art que masters. Though the curious choice among the that the royal son Nehsi (the Negro) erected a Daubigny, Courbet et Manet.' A medal is to be etchings of Rembrandt affords the most con- monument to Set, the lord of Roahu. Set or

struck in commemoration of the banquet, in which spicuous instance of this, the same thing is Baal is well known as the god of the Aegypto- all the painters and critics attached to the new noticeable with the Hollars, and even with the Semitic population of the Delta. Roahu is the school took part.” Lukas yan Leydens to some extent. Again, of name of a region; it means the opening, the the earlier English masters of line-engraving entrance, of the cultivated fields. It seems to

THE Société internationale de Peintres et there was a most inadequate representation, indicate that at that time Tanis was a border- Sculpteurs opened its second exhibition at Paris and no attempt was made to represent at all the land, and that the cultivation did not extend on Tuesday, April 1. later masters. This last omission, however, farther. As for the royal son, the Negro, we THE Société de l'Art ancien en Belgique has one can understand. It is difficult for the must consider the words “royal son" as a mere been established for the purpose of reprolargest collection to be all-comprehensive. But title. The name Nehsi has the determinative ducing, by chromo-lithography and the different the singular deficiencies in the representation of of foreigners, and it is curious that a Negro phototypic processes, works of art either of the masters of old standing have at least to should so early have attained such a high Belgian origin or actually in Belgian museums borne in mind if we would think of this collec- dignity.

EDOUARD NAVILLE. or collections. The first issue for the year tion with impartiality. It is true that Mr. St.

1883-84 consists of seven plates of folio size, John Dent appears to have moved upon some

accompanied by a brief descriptive text. The what old-fashioned lines. Still, there points in which his collection will remain NOTES ON ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY,

phototypes executed at Dresden are excellent of Inemorable.

their kind. The objects reproduced are the wellWe are glad to hear that a memorial is being known ivory plaque of the end of the ninth signed, addressed to Mr. Gladstone, praying century on the Book of Gospels at Tongres;

that, if the Blenheim collection of pictures be another, almost as fine, belonging to the catheEGYPT EXPLORATION FUND.

sold, money may not be wanting to secure at dral of Liége, which represents the three miracuTHE EXCAVATIONS AT SAN. least the masterpieces for the National Gallery. lous restorations to life wrought by our Saviour

and summed up by St. Augustine as “mors in Malagny, near Geneva: March 26, 1884. THE article on “ The State of Art in France," MR. FLINDERS PETRIE is now actively engaged to which the place of honour is given in Black - domo, mors in porta et mors in sepulchro;

excavating the immense field of ruins at sản. wood's this month, and which has at least as dral of Namur; and a ewer and basin of the Owing to his energy and to the practice in much

to do with politics as with art, is written sixteenth century. Two of the chromo-lithomanaging Arabs which he got at the Pyra- by Mr. J. Beavington Atkinson.

graphs reproduce two very remarkable emmids, he has overcome in a remarkably short THE Council of the Hellenic Society voted broidered girdle-purses of the fourteenth and time the great material difficulties of settling in £50 last week towards the expenses of Mr. fifteenth century, preserved in the church of the most dreary and desolate place in Egypt, W. M. Ramsay's archaeological exploration in Tongres; another, a selection of nineteen speciand of gathering a sufficient number of work-Asia Minor. The Geographical Society had mens of jewellery, brooches, rings, and pins of nem in a marshy desert far away from any previously granted £100, and another £ið0 has the

fifth, sixth, and seventh centuries found in place of importance. We may now hope been raised by private subscription.

the Frankish tombs in the province of Namur, for a rich harvest of inscriptions. The monu

MR. AUSTIN DOBson has in preparation a collection in the museum of Namur. If this tuents will very likely be in a bad condi

and now forming part of the admirably arranged tion. There is no place in Egypt where volume on Thomas

Bewick and his Pupils, which

new society continues as it has begun-and destruction has been so complete and so unwill be abundantly illustrated.

the names of those who form its council are as merciful as at Sân. It is difficult to conceive MR. JOHN Ashton, coming down in his good a guarantee as one could wish for—it will the amount of time and labour that has been history of English satire to more recent times

, be of great service to archaeologists. We see spent on breaking to pieces an edifice made of has nearly ready a work on English

Caricatures that the number of copies printed will be strictly enormous blocks of red granite which its on Napoleon I. It will be in two volumes, with limited to 300.

are

8vo.

Illustrations. Svo.

THE STAGE.

madrigals, part-songs (including a new one MACMILLAN & 60.'S LIST. WE regret very much to record the death of composed expressly for the choir by F. Berger), the distinguished actress known as Miss Marie songs, and pianoforte solos by Miss Maggie Now ready, with Two Portraits, 2 vols., Demy Sco

, sa Litton. It occurred this week at her house at Okey.

THE LIFE OP Mame. Schumann played on Saturday and FREDERICK DENISON MAURICE, Brompton. Miss Litton was hardly yet middle

Monday at the Popular Concerts. On Saturday CHIEFLY TOLD IN HIS 'OTTN LETTERS. aged. She was almost a young woman, and her solos were Brahms' Rhapsodie in G minor Edited bio his Son FREDERICK MAURICE had been known on the stage for only about and Bach's Organ Prelude and Fugue in E This deeply interesting book." —Spectator. fifteen years. Miss Litton played modern

minor. comedy with brightness and distinction. Her

We were surprised to hear her take

DR. MORITZ BUSCH'S NEW WORK ON sense of humour and satire was keen; the theme as a Pralltriller instead of a Mordent, OUR CHANCELLOR. the ornament on the second note of the fugue

PRINCE BISMARCK. delicacy of her perceptions found its reflection in and wonder on whose authority she made this the refinement of her method. In many of the

SKETCHES FOR A HISTORICAL

BY MORITZ BUSCH. creations of modern comedy at the Court, in change. She also took part with Sig. Piatti Sloane Square, her utility, and charm were her playing in the two middle movements was

Translated from the German by in Mendelssohn's Sonata in D (op. 58); and WILLIAM BEATTY-KINGSTON,

Author of "William I., German Emperor, The recognised, and at length-during a brief management of the Imperial Theatre, by the Schubert's Quartett in D minor and Beethoven's Kingston has most admirably clothed the Doctor's book particularly fine. The programme included

Battle of Berlin," &e. 2 vols., Crown 8vo, 18s. Westminster Aquarium-it not only pleased, Sonata for piano and violin in G (op. 30, No. 3), in an Ene lish dress.” Daily Telegraph. but caused a delighted surprise. That was by her performance of Rosalind, which was repeated performed by Herr Joachim and Miss A. Miller, a promising pianist.

A NEW AMERICAN NOVEL.' very many nights. The whole revival was undoubtedly done with intelligence, but it was the

On Monday evening the programme was one BETHESDA. Rosalind that drew. Little support was afforded of exceptional interest. First came Beethoven's

By BARBARA ELBON. by scenery which had been arranged on the great Quartett in C sharp minor, a tone-poem

3 vols., Crown 8vo, 31s. 60. supposition that the performance could not as wonderful as it is long. The performance, endure for a fortnight. There were some other Mdmne. Schumann played the “Walāstein” with Herr Joachim as leader, was perfect.

TEXT-BOOKS FOR STUDENTS.-New Volumes. good players, but no stars.” But the Rosalind

Now ready, Part II., SPECIAL PATHOLOGICAL Sonata. In the first movement the pianist

ANATOMY, Secs. I.-VIII., 125. 60. was a distinct and legitimate success. That was about fouror five years ago. It is lamentable that did not seem quite at her ease; but the rest of TEXT-BOOK of PATHOLOGICAL

ANATOMY and PATHOGENESIS. By Prosom ehow or other, Miss Litton did not do the work was given with extraordinary finish,

fessor ERNST ZIEGLER, of Tübingen. Traus. very much afterwards. She went, of course, but not satisfied, and so the pianist returned delicacy, and power. The public was delighted, lated and Edited for English Students by

DONALD MACALISTER, M.A., M.B., B.Sc. into the provinces—whither an actor goes when and played, as she alone can play it, Schu

F.R.C.P., Fellow and Medical Lecturer of N. as yet he has not succeeded, and whither he goes mann's

John's College, Cambridge. With numerve:

Traumeswirren." The concluding Illustrations. again when he has succeeded very much. From

Part I. GENERAL PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY. 12.6L time to time, however, Miss Litton was seen in piece was not a short one, as it should have

Part II. SPECIAL PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY. Sets London, the most favourable occasions being but 'a long and elaborate Pianoforte Trio in Now ready, Vol. III., Part 11. Profs. ROSCOE LE

been, considering the length of the programme, I.–VIII. 123. 60. those revivals of old comedy which were under- F minor (op. 65) by Dvorák—the one, in fact, taken at the Gaiety to display her art. We saw her there with great pleasure as Peggy in recently noticed in the ACADEMY. It was played A TREATISE on CHEMISTRY. B; at Mr. Beringer's residence at a reception given

H. E. ROSCOE, F.R.S., and C. SCHORLEMMEK “The Country Girl”--that is, in Garrick's to the composer, and we then suggested that it

F.R.S., Professors of Chemistry in the Victoria very harmless adaptation of a piece which should be brought to a hearing at the Popular

University, the Owens College, Manchester. With co uld not be suffered in the condition in which

Vols. I. and II. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. Vol. I. The it left the hands of the elder dramatist. Miss immense interest. Beethoven, Schubert, and 18s. – Vol. 11., Part II. Metals. 188.

Concerts as speedily as possible. It is a work of Non-Metallic Elements. 215.-Vol. II., Part I. Metals Litton played then with equal spirit and dis, Brahms exert a strong but healthy influence

Vol. III. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. 2 parts, 21s. cach. cretion. Her Peggy was really simple and really piquante. Later, the lady fell into ill

over Dvorák; he has, however, much to MARCUS AURELIUS ANTONINUS.-health, and it seemed that her chance was over.

say on his own account, and, like Schubert, BOOK IV. of the MEDITATIONS. A Rerte! In private life she was greatly liked, nor can have recently remarked of his other composisometimes a little too much. From what we

Text, with Translation and Commentary and an

Appendix on the Relations of the Emperor with there be any question that we have lost an

Cornelius Fronto, by HASTINGS CROSSLEY, tions, it wili be seen that we regard him as

M.A., Hon. D. Lit., Queen's University, sometiune actress of very penetrating intelligence and of

Scholar of Trinity College, Dublin, Professor some personal charm.

one of the musical lights of the age; and this Greek in Queen's College, Belfast. ovo, 68.
Trio, one of his latest works, is at the same
time one of the most striking and original. The MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE. No. 294.

APRIL. Price 1s.
MUSIC
programme-book gave an admirable analysis of

CONTENTS OF THE NUMBER.
the first two movements, but reserved for a HISTORIC LONDON By FREDERIC HARRISON.
RECENT CONCERTS.
future occasion the description of the last two. BRITISH BUTTEROUPS.

A VOYAGE TO AUSTRALIA for HEALTH. THE Henry Leslie Choir gave their first con- Yet, the work being unfamiliar and difficult to A SOCIAL STUDY of OUR OLDEST COLONY.-II

. cert this season at St. James's Hall last Thurs- follow, this was the time when explanations THE INVESTETURE of the NIZAM. day week. The chief feature of the programme were most needed. The Trio was admirably AN OXFORD" COLLEGE 'under JAMES I, ani was Spohr's Mass in C (for two five-part choirs interpreted by Herr Joachim, Sig. Piatti, and CHARLES I. and five solo voices). It was written about Mr. Oscar Beringer. Miss Santley was the REVIEW of the MONTH. sixty years ago, and performed

under the com- vocalist, and sang some graceful and effective HUGH CONWAY, the Author of "CALLED BACK," poser's direction at Cassel in 1827. There is no songs by Cowen, and Gounod's “O, that we contributes a Short Story to THE ENGLISH ILLUSrecord of any subsequent performance of the two were maying.

TRATED MAGAZINE for APRIL. work. Spohr speaks about the difficulties of Beethoven's “ Missa Solennis "in D was given the music, which form no obstacle to choirs of last Wednesday evening by the Royal Albert Price SIXPENCE; by post, EIGHTPENCE. the present day; the rehearsals, indeed, he says, Hall Choral Society. For a long time Mr.

THE ENGLISH ** taught me to avoid too great abundance

of Barnby has been preparing for this perform- ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINE, modulations,” but the lesson learnt must have ance, and the choir certainly did justice to Leen soon forgotten, for the composer never themselves and to their excellent conductor.

CONTENTS FOR APRIL. departed from the "chromatic” way. The Beethoven's colossal work has been given Drawing by C. NAPIER HEMY. (Frontispiece.) music is melodious and interesting, and the part several times in London within the last

two 2. OHANGEN VARNA OGROSS. By Apatin and fugal writing smooth and skilful; while or three years, but never before with such

N UNSENTIMENTAL JOURNEY throngh the two choirs alternate and blend in a very an imposing chorus. They attacked the effective manner. If not a composition of tremendous difficulties bravely; and, if they

of “JOHN HALIFAX, GENTLEMAN." marked originality, it is, at any rate, free from did not completely conquer them, the composer 4. THEBELFRY OF BRUGES. By Rose G. KINGSdryness, and we find throughout it a spirit of is alone to blame for writing with such total

With Illustrations. great earnestness.

HERALD of SPRING: a Poem. By WALTER The Mass was admirably disregard of the capabilities of the human voice. A

With Illustrations by the AUTHOR. sung under Mr. Randegger's direction; it had The solo singers were Miss Anna Williams, evidently been carefully rehearsed, and the few Mdme. Patey, and Messrs. Lloyd and F. King - PAUL VARGAS: a Mystery. By HUGE CONWAY. bass notes struck on the pianoforte to sustain and Dr. Stainer presided at the organ. Sir the choir had a disagreeable effect, and might, A. Sullivan's “ In Memoriam” and the Dead

BYGONES: a Poem. By H. A. H. we think, easily have been dispensed with. March in “Saul” were performed as an ex- HOWA BECAME a WAR CORRESPONDENT. The solo vocalists were Miss W. Payne, Mrs. I. pression of sympathy with the recent great 9. THE ARMO be continued. By CHARLOTTE H. Yoxčku

ARMOURER'S PRENTICES. Chaps. XIV, Ware, Miss J. Russell, and Messrs. Guy and loss sustained by the Queen. There was a

ORNAMENTS, INITIAL LETTERS, &c.
Lucas Williams.
The programme included large audience.

J. S. SHEDLOCK.

LONDON: MACMILLAN & CO.

1.

3.

With Illus

LEY.

5.

ORANE.

7.

8.

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