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Paris : March 7, 1884.

Museum. Around the plate is an explanatory


portion of his highly finished drawings, whether inscription--"Qui se lavora de pignate": "Here DEWINT has been dead thirty-five years; he these were successes, as they were sometimes, pots are being made.” There are also three fine specimens of the rarest of all porcelain, the Messrs. Vokins, who have long had reason proper task of criticism to insist upon the

fact that made for the private use of Francesco de' to pride themselves on their association with that

, 49 a rule, it is by the curious and rapid Medici about 1580, of which only about thirty- the master, have thought fit to open a

felicity of his sketches that Dewint will in the four pieces are known. They are of fine, trans- tenary” exhibition of his work. Of course, it future be prized; and, therefore, it is permissible lucent, artificial porcelain, thickly glazed, and needed no such exhibition to make manifest his to regret that, in the choice of works to repreare highly valued, not only from their great excellence among the true connoisseurs. These sent the forty years of his industrious labour, rarity, but also because they were the first have, for a long while, been informed as to care was not taken to ensure an ampler

presence pieces of porcelain successfully made in Europe, his merits. But the great public was in a

of the sketches through which the connoisseur the earlier attempts at Venice having come to different case. Sensational prices recently

admits his exalted rank. nothing. They were extremely costly to pro- obtained under the hammer at Christie's may

FREDERICK WEDMORE. dace, both the paste of which they are made have opened its eyes a little, it is true; yet and the glaze being very elaborate preparations, even sensational prices are swiftly forgotten. containing a large proportion of powdered rock- As it is, the public will hear much of the MODERN DRAWINGS AT THE ECOLE DES crystal, which must have made the firing very exhibition, and will go to it. Whether they will

BEAUX-ARTS. difficult. None were made after the death of altogether appreciate is, indeed, another matter. Francesco. The three specimens in the Castel. We do not ourselves believe it. They will be Tuis exhibition is in a certain sense unique, lani Collection consist of a large ewer, ovoid in seduced by the more obvious potency of the as affording almost for the first time an opporform, with moulded handles and spout, slightly finished drawings, and will, perhaps

with diffi- tunity of studying and comparing a compredecorated in cobalt blue under the glaze. An: culty, be brought to understand that it is by hensive collection of the drawings and studies other is a deep bowl, painted with a seated his slightest efforts that Dewint is greatest

. of the great masters of the French schools of figure of St. Mark, and signed by the artist An effect hardly, if at all, less admirable than the last hundred years. The series begins with G. P. The third is a small plate, with simple that which he attained habitually in his com- Fragonard, Greuze, and David, and ends with Howers of Oriental style. All the paintings are pleted work has been attained over and over

the most successful painters of the day. The in cobalt

blue only, and all the pieces are again by inferior painters; but there resides general impression received from a study of the marked with the distinguishing badge of this a magic in his sketches which has been at drawings shown is perhaps even a higher one fabrique-viz.,, Brunelleschi’s dome on the the command of scarcely another landscape than that which would be derived from a collecFlorentine cathedral, and the letter F, for artist. How much knowledge there was at the tion of finished paintings by the same masters. Plorentia or Francesco.

back of his sketches ! How many years of It is now proved in many cases that some painters The large collection of tapestries and em- work, one would say, must have been con

whom the tendencies of the age have led into broidered vestments contains none of any excep; sumed before the artist could convey so much the lower paths had greater capabilities and a tional importance, though most are rich and quality with so little labour! In a sense that deeper insight into the essential truths of nature magnificent.

is true, yet it will have to be noted that Dewint than could have been guessed from their betterAmong the Persian carpets one fragment was still a young man when he had become known works. The series of the designs much worn is of unrivalled beauty. It is capable of some of the most masterly of his of David is scarcely representative; and the nearly half of one of those long, narrow performances. The best of these often remain drawings shown are, like his finished works, carpets made to cover the raised daïs at the in the hands of the true collectors. They are cold and conventional, and do not exhibit all the end of & Persian room; it is woven of camels' among the most admirable property in the accomplished draughtsmanship that might have hair and silk, mixed with gold and silver best-equipped portfolios. The large public is been expected from so ardent a classicist. The thread. Both design and colours are of the more familiar with his more elaborate work. most important design exhibited is the finished rarest beauty: gorgeously coloured birds are And we could wish that the Messrs. Vokins study for the celebrated “Serment du Jeu de introduced among the usual foliage and arab- had been able, or had chosen, to include in Paume.” There is an exquisite series of charesques. This exquisite piece of Oriental textile their extensive show a larger proportion of the coal drawings and pastels by Prudhon. Even work belongs to the best period of the art-the sparkling and direct sketches which ensure the more completely than in his pictures,

he here end of the fifteenth century.

best fame of this unique master of water-colour. triumphs over the conventionalities imposed by Space will not allow any description of the splendid collection of fifteenth- and sixteenth

Dewint lived in a generation of very strong the pseudo-classical style of his time. His female

or very subtle sketchers. Turner was of his heads, in particular, reproduce the ineffable century Venetian glass—many pieces finely day, and so was David Cox, and so too was

charm of Leonardo da Vinci. As a decorative snamelled in colours; or of the many rare Müller, while in his youth Girtin and Bon- designer, too, he appears in endless variety. Pontifical rings, mostly of massive gold or ington were still living Yet, though the One of the great attractions of the collection gilt bronze, embossed with shields of arms, and faculty of sketching with power was largely is the series of pencil portraits by Ingres, which set with large gems or foiled crystal, One is possessed by his contemporaries, the works of show his unsurpassed finish of draughtsmanship perhaps the finest known, and may have been none of these, however familiarly they may be with a remarkable power of characterisation from the workshop of Cellini himself; it is of known, lessen in any respect our sense of the sometimes obscured in his oil paintings. The wolid gold, ornamented with grotesque figures individuality of Peter Dewint. Such a finished famous portrait of Bertin is one of the set. and richly enamelled; the bezel is set with drawing as that entitled " On the Dart,"

Delacroix is well represented; but, as might uge “table” sapphires and other gems of which may rank for completeness and unity have been expected, without the aid of colour great value.

about with his “ Cricketers" at the South his genius does not find full vent. The drawings This short sketch will give but a very in- Kensington Museum, is indeed as individual as and water-colours of Decamps here shown are dequate notion of the importance of this

are the prompt and decisive sketches; but its not of his best, and cannot compare with those sagnificent collection—a really astonishing merit is of a very rare order—it is seldom met in the collection of Sir Richard Wallace. Not ne to have been got together by the energy with—and, even when we fully acknowledge it, the least attraction of the exhibition is a ad artistic taste of one man. Owing to the it cannot be said that the effect obtained by numerous and complete series of the drawings uppression of the monasteries in Italy and the the elaboration of the labour was really quite and pastels of Jean-François Millet. Never has and opportunities such as can never come again; Had Dewint lived in our own day, when, however realism, of his style been

more evident. There nd his official position as an archaeologist great and widespread may be the ignorance of has been a tendency

during the last two or rought to him first news and first power of art, there are at least a few connoisseurs who three years among Parisian critics to qualify the lection when any of the rich sepulchral can appreciate the rapid and the learned selection worship accorded to Millet since

his death; easures of Etruria and Magna Graecia were of material and line which affords us the best but these fresh proofs of his great genius should rought to light. His antiquarian knowledge examples of a Corot or a Collier, a Whistler or a go far to silence the detractors. Among

the ad good taste, combined with the command Degas, it is highly probable that he would have exhibited drawings are the well-known VigLa large fortune, enabled him to make the exhausted himself less over the often sterile neron

” and “La Fin de la Journée." ut use of his exceptional advantages. It is labour that was needed for “exhibition draw- remarkable study is a pastel drawing of a level

be hoped that the museums of Er.gland will ings”--that he would have rested more content plain seen to the very horizon under an overcast a lose so rare an opportunity of making with the delightful achievements which were sky, through which the rays of the sun strive to 'sable acquisitions at the forthcoming sale. the result of half-an-hour's well-advised execu- pierce. The admirable “ fusains” of Lhermitte, me has been some proposal in Rome that tion in the presence of nature. But we have of which there is a good show, are, notwith

Italian Government should buy the whole to deal with him as he was—an artist often standing their extraordinary merit, seen to a plection, but the price asked (three million erroneously disposed to lose in labour the slight disadvantage by the side of the more Fancs, or £120,000) is probably more than the freshness of an impression received in enjoy- deeply felt works

of Millet. By the late Henri stion is prepared to pay.

ment. From this point of view, the Messrs. Regnault there are two important and littleJ. HENRY MIDDLETON.

Vokins had a right to include a certain pro- known studies of Oriental interiors in pure


water-colour, showing great power over that voluntarily forevent the presentation of many a are mich weathered, and it is only on the medium; and by Fortuny an exquisite interior permanent fact. The Richmondshire drawings fallen r buried blocks that fine sculptures may of a mosque with an Arab at prayer, showing, in take account of complicated facts so much, and be found remaining. Of the hypostyle hall or addition to his usual perfection of technique, a of impressions so little, that, with all their ex- avenue of columns there are but three or four pathos not always at his command. Meisonnier quisiteness and all their mastery, they must shafts left; these are of red granite four feet exhibits a brilliant series of studies from the hold rank, as art, with the poetry which makes and a-half in diameter, and thirty-five feet and human figure, both nude and draped, besides obvious sign of dainty and elaborate labour a-half long, and were erected by Rameses II., as some accurate landscape studies. In all he rather than with that which expresses a fuller also were two obelisks just beyond them. A appears, as in his pictures, astonishing, various, inspiration with the seeming simplicity of un- little way farther, on the south side, are the and always successful, but, on the other hand, questioned power. Turner may have been fragments of a great red granite sphinx cold, unsympathetic, and wanting in that greater than others when he wrought upon the of the Middle Kingdom, appropriated by deeper insight which genius alone confers. Richmondshire, but the Turner of the Richmond- Rameses II., as are all the earlier sculptures, Among the surprises of the exhibition are shire was, in some points, destined to be dis- The fellow-sphinx is the large one at the some magnificent studies from the nude by tanced by the Turner of yet later years. door of the Egyptian Gallery in the Louvre

. Puvis de Chavannes which in point of style On the following day, Saturday, March 8, it Close beyond the site of these sphinxes is the suggest the finest period of the art of the happened that two Turner drawings were sold second pair of great granite obelisks. Next are sixteenth century. These prove conclusively at Edinburgh-" The Rialto,” eight and a-half seen the shattered fragments of a colossal stata that, in reducing drawing and design to their by five and a half inches, for 225 guineas; and of Rameses II. in sandstone, which was about simplest elements in his finished works, and Berwick-on-Tweed,” six by three and a half twenty-five feet high; this was probably affecting an almost Giottesque severity, he is not inches, for 190 guineas.

matched by another opposite to it, of which actuated, as his critics have declared, by a desire Three oil-paintings by Turner were also to some blocks remain. Then follow a third pair to conceal deficiencies of training. Cabanel be sold with the Osmaston Collection at Derby of granite obelisks, and then another pair exhibits also a fine series of drawings from the yesterday. They comprised “A View of the colossi of Rameses II. in sandstone; these were nude, far nobler in his style than his later | Grand Canal, Venice;” “The Sol-di-Venezia twenty-five feet and a half high, with bases two somewhat insipid compositions. A female putting out to Sea” (the sketch for the picture feet high, each monolith being twenty-seven figure, prone on the ground in an agony of in the National Gallery); and an unfinished feet and a-half high; the mouths of the figures grief, is especially fine. Among the painters work called "The Girl with the Cymbals.” An are a foot long and the eyes each seven inches

. of the younger school, Gervex shows studies early drawing by Turner of Edinburgh About this part are the remains of a brown basalt of great power, and Vollon some fine land- Castle” is also among the lots.

pavement, like that near the Great Pyramid at scape studies in charcoal ; but young France is

Gizeh in material and similar (but inferior) in scarcely fully represented. The collection in

workmanship. There is also a fragment of a cludes a brilliant series of the caricatures of


granite entablature belonging to Usertesen III Daumier and Gavarni, and also some remark- (Communicated by REGINALD STUART Poole, British —the only piece of the first temple that is to be able architectural studies by Viollet-le-Duc,

Museum, Hon. Sec.)

seen. Here, on each side of the axis of the temple, including a clever restoration of the Greek theatre

lies a heap of broken pieces of Hyksos sphinxes

, of Taormina, in Sicily. The exhibition closes on

Sán-el-Hagar: Feb. 19, 1884. of dark-gray granite; there are parts of at least March 16.


As no brief and accurate account has yet three on the north and two on the south side. been published, either in English or French, of One of them is in fairly good condition as far the ruins of Zoan or Tanis, it will not be out of

as the haunches, not much inferior to those SALE OF TURNER PAINTINGS.

place to give an outline of what is already removed to the Boulak Museum. There are In the collection of Mr. Cosmo Orme, which was known before describing from time to time also three pieces of a Hyksos figure with fishes dispersed at Christie's on Friday in last week, what may be discovered here by the work of and papyri, like that at Boulak. A Rameside there occurred fourimportant drawings by Turner the Egypt Exploration Fund.

figure here in gray granite is in an unusual done for Whitaker's Richmondshire. Richmond- The main mass of the ruins is over half-a- attitude, kneeling on one knee, and leaning forshire was published in 1823, the services of many mile each way, forming a girdle of high mounds ward with the other leg stretched out behind; excellent engravers having been wisely secured around the great temple of Rameses II. ; beside the head is lost, and most of the inscribed base. for it; and, though, from the connexion of all which there are lower outlying districts, half- Just beyond these there stand, close together, a the plates with one given and not very ex-a-mile or more distant, but around these latter fourth pair of obelisks (forty-seven feet high tensive locality, a certain monotony, not per- the ground is too wet at this time of year and five feet eight inches square); a pair of ceptible in England and Wales, or in Southern for them to be examined. The great mounds monolith shrines of sandstone, one nearly Coast, or in Liber Studiorum, attends upon the about one hundred feet high are of Ptolemaic broken up (eight feet and a half long, and compositions, the excellence of the craftsman- and Roman date (down to the third century) on about five feet wide and high), covered with ship secures for the work the permanent respect the surface, and a few excavations show the scenes of Rameses II. offering to various diviniof the collector. The finest water-colour drawing same age for some yards below. The temple is ties; and a fifth pair of obelisks. Then comes that has, of late years, appeared in public of the only part which we know down to the the great line of early statues across the axis of the series was unquestionably the 'Ingle- foundations, and of that perhaps all has not the temple, running towards the north gate. borough,” which passed under the hammer yet been uncovered. The great temple may be These appear to have been arranged by Rameses about three years ago, when about £2,200 was divided into five parts, beginning at the east in pairs, matching each other on opposite sides paid for it. Next to that in exquisiteness come end:-(1) pylon ; (2) hypostyle hall; (3) of the temple; and that king also placed his the “Simmer Lake" and the “Crook of Lune,' obelisks and statues of Rameses ÎI., with earlier name and titles, with profuse repetition, upon which were offered for sale last week. The sphinxes and statues of the Middle Kingdom the back and base of each figure. The pair of “ Crook of Lune” fetched 1,100 guineas, the and Hyksos times re-arranged ; (4) sanctuary colossi of Mer-masha-u, in black granite, in “Simmer Lake” 650 guineas, and their two of Rameses II., with colonnade in front of it of scribed later by the Hyksos Apepi, are not much companions, Wycliff, near Rokeby,” and Si-amen (XXIst Dynasty); and (5) behind all, defaced, though broken in two or three pieces

, “Kirkby Lonsdale Churchyard,” 590° guineas at west end, obelisks and other remains. Around The fellow-statue to the great pink granite and 820 guineas respectively. The “Simmer the temple is an enormous wall of crude brick, Sebakhotep III. in the Louvre is lying here in Lake” and the “Crook of Lune” were in the about eighty feet wide and still about twenty feet two pieces, and is but slightly defaced. Here best condition, and the amateur had good reason high, built by Pi-sebkhanu (XXIst Dynasty), is also a similar statue of Ammemhat I.

, to perceive and admire in them the finest and it is the mud washed down from the upper scarcely at all defaced, but broken in three characteristics of that period of the artist's part of this wall, now destroyed, that has pieces. The finest work, however, is shown labour in which they were executed. We cannot, largely filled up the area of the temple. The in two colossi of black granite, one of User however, accept them-admirable though they whole of the temple has been overthrown with tesen I., the other unknown. Usertesen is are—as really among the crowning instances of the exception of a part of the pylon, and all in four pieces, besides the leg in Berlin

, Turner's art. It may be they would have suf- the obelisks are broken; while the blocks which and it has been much defaced; but the brilliant ficed to secure for any other painter the reputa- rested directly on the floor have been upset and polish, the delicate inscriptions, and the artistic tion of supremacy in the control of intricate line disarranged in the course of destroying the fine work place it above any Egyptian statue and of delicate and palpitating light, but the limestone pavement, the temple having served after the period of realistic sculpture of the greater achievements in luxuriant colour, of as a quarry from before Ptolemaic times until IVth Dynasty. The unknown figure is nearly which the later years of Turner were to afford to-day.

its equal, and is better in style than any other abundant evidence, are yet more capital Beginning at the entrance, the pavement in of the statues here; the head is lost, and the examples of his most complete mastery. And front of it was uncovered and partly removed part of the throne with the name, but the

torro career, concern himself with colour more amply itself, built by Rameses 11., and

also sculp- very finely engraved. There is a fragment of and nobly-ho also, in those later years

, in the tured by Sheshonk III., some stones remain the feet of apparently the fellow-statue to this research of glowing hues and vivid light, in place up to seventeen feet high ; but they on the opposite side ; but the name is there

erased by Seti II., who has also profaned the friendly, and willing to work for low wages (5d. tended in defiance, and the other held at his glass-like surface of Usertesen I. by roughly or 6d. a-day); and men arrive continually from a side, but a little in the rear, and crumpling up hammering in his cartouche on the shoulder. distance for the chance of being taken on. All the ultimatum in rage. There have been The vulgar egotism and coarse bigness of the wages I pay directly to the workers themselves, parleys enough, it seems; it must now be war, XIXth Dynasty is nowhere more unpleasantly all of whom-men, women, and children- Behind him stands the young soldier destined apparent than in the original work and the except the very poorest, now ask for weekly to play so prominent a part in the other submisappropriations of that period at Sán. There instead of daily payments.

jects of Mr. Linton's series, with which the are also here six figures of about life-size, in

W. M. FLINDERS PETRIE. public is already acquainted. To the right a black or gray granite, of the best style of the

placid scribe, who will never see active service, XIXth L'ynasty, among them the seated statue

sits undisturbed by a commotion that precedes of the mother of Rameses II., which is almost RENAN ON THE EGYPTIAN MONU- battle. Not only is the picture, as we have perfect down to the knees; but the others are


hinted earlier, in all probability the most dramore fragmentary, and only one that of M. RENAN has addressed the following letter fortunate in having afforded to the artist an

matic of the set, but its scene is likewise Rameses II.--can be attributed. One male

to the Journal des Débats :figure is peculiar in its style. It is standing,

even more than wonted opportunity for that with the left hand at the side and the right

“ La conservation des monuments de l'Egypte painting of noble and exquisite textures in grasping the drapery in front; and it is clad in importe à l'humanité tout entière. Après la Gréce, which he excels. Marbles, velvets, silks, preå long robe with a fringe, which is treated quite qui nous a enseigné lechean et lile vrai

, après la cious vessels—these abound'; and

the Prince is, unconventionally, the folds of the garment est le pays qui passionne le plus ceux qui ont moreover, either

a pious person or a connoisseur being more like classical than Egyptian work, quelque souci du passé de notre espèce. On attache of art, for he has upon his palace, wall the Unhappily, it is broken off at the neck and un grand prix, et on a raison, aux antiquités dites medallion of a Virgin and Child” by Luca middle of the legs, and there is no inscrip- préhistoriques ; ces antiquités ont pourtant un della Robbia or one of his kindred. tion; but in this—as in some of the seated grand défaut; c'est qu'elles sont anépigraphes, MR. ORCHARDSON has put aside for awhile figures—there is a character almost as much c'est-à-dire muettes. Les monuments égyptiens an important picture of a ball-room scene in akin to Babylonian as to Egyptian art. sont des antiquités préhistoriques, couvertes d'ecri- the time of the

First Empire which had already We now know from Gudea's statues that ture. Grâce à eux nous entendons la voix d'êtres made a certain progress. It is doubtful whether the quarry of granite and diorite was probably semblables à nous, qui ont vécu sur cette terre il y it can be finished for either of the galleries of

a the same for both nations. Beyond these

“La conservation des monuments de l’Egypte,

this season. He is now painting-and it will statues was a hall on the north side, of which depuis Champollion, surtout depuis Mariette, á be completed in time for exhibition at the the lintels of the doors remain; and on the été moralement dévolue à la France. Voilà 'un Royal Academy-a picture of two figures in south side is the block with the throne-name of protectorat qu'il nous est bien permis de réclamer, a modern gas-lit dining-room. Report speaks Pepi, but from the personal name it rather | puisqu'il n'a que des clauses onéreuses. Eh bien, very highly of the probable success of this appears that it belonged to a later king who depuis deux ans, par suite de la situation étrange original and, for Mr. Orchardson, unusual claimed descent from the VIth Dynasty. The où est entrée l’Egypte, situation qui ne finira pas work, in which certain of the artistic problems block has been re-used by Rameses II., and de si tôt, l'œuvre de cette conservation est devenue of modern life are valiantly dealt with. may have come from another site. Then, after fort difficile. M. Maspéro remplit, avec un courage two more pairs of obelisks, we reach the et une intelligence au-dessus de tout éloge, la MR. FULLEYLOVE is at work upon the first of sanctuary built by Rameses II. ; in front of fonction que sut accomplir si admirablement M. a series of water-colours which will eventually this a colonnade was added by Si-amen, who

Mariette. Mais l'argent manque. L'Egypte ne extend to about forty drawings. The scheme psed up blocks sculptured by Seti II. This

peut, dans un moment de crise, subvenir aux frais is a systematic attempt to record in a large colonnade was apparently built on the sand plus éclairés pour une dépense de luxe. Il faut London that everybody knows. Shunning the

d'une dépense qu'on tiendrait même dans des pays group of picturesque water-colour sketches the which had drifted in, without levelling the donc aider M. Maspéro dans sa double mission, back streets and ground to the old surface; and it was unfinished dont l'une est de ne pas laisser s'interrompre tout

remoter places which offer at the top, the entablature being in the rough, à fait la série des grandes fouilles entreprises par address himself to the National Gallery, to St.

a chance picturesqueness, Mr. Fulleylove will as quarried. On the south side of this are M. Mariette, dont la seconde est d'établir un Martin's Church, to St. Paul's and the Custom fragments of at least six stelae of Rameses II. système de protection pour empêcher que les monu-immense blocks of granite inscribed on both ments exposés sans défense à la visite

des voyageurs The atmosphere of London throws a becoming

House, and to the like localities of daily resort. sides; among these were found the celebrated tablets dated in the four-hundredth year of the les personnes qui ont visité l'Egypte ou qui ont veil over much of its structural ugliness ; but Hyksos king Nubti-Sutekh. Some

l'intention de la visiter, ou qui simplement ont à many of the edifices of the town are in no need behind

way the sanctuary stood the eighth and last pair of cour la conservation des monuments du passé, lui of being in any way obscured, and though of obelisks; but there was no entrance between c'est trop peu dire, --soixante siècles d'histoire y occupation of so-called cultivated people-it

apportent pour cela leur secours. Quarante siècles late—in consequence chiefly of the artificial prethese obelisks at the east end, as the brick wall sont intéressés. Ajoutons que l'honneur de la has been little the fashion to seek and perceive is there quite continuous down to the ground, France s'y trouve engagé."

the excellence of London as an artistic theme, The axis of the temple was straight from end to end, and the level from the pylon up to

it may well be doubted whether the artist has

not discovered one of the most promising of the sanctuary appears to be the same; the NOTES ON ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY. colonnade of Si-amen is, however, five feet

subjects in proposing to betake himself to the higher, and the pavement and base of the MR. ELIHU VEDDER, an American artist, scenes amid which so much of that which is wall at the east end is about three feet above whose name is not unfamiliar to readers of the most interesting in modern life is of neces

And the portrayal of what is the pylon level. Outside of the temple wall, ACADEMY, is preparing a series of full-page sity passed: in an excavation on the north-east, are a few drawings in illustration of the famous quatrains characteristic in the London of to-day may granite pillars, which were stolen by Osorkon II. of Omar Khayyám, to be published by Messrs. surely be expected to suffer least at the hands from the great temple of Rameses; the first Houghton & Mifflin, of Boston, early in 1885. of an artist whose own characteristics are essencartouche of Osorkon and half of the second, The drawings, some of which were privately tially those of refinement and distinction. The being the same as those of Rameses, are un

on view a few weeks since at the artist's studio painter of the ordered and balanced beauty of altered, and only half a cartouche needed to be in Rome, are of extraordinary power, originality, so many a classic garden will hardly afford us a cut out and changed.

vulgar vision of the nineteenth-century streets. Osorkon intended to and variety. appropriate likewise the larger columns near the MR. J. D. LINTON has all but finished the

An Art Exhibition will be held at 19 Arlingpylon, but only effaced the half-cartouche with- last of his fine series of pictures entitled ton Street on March 19 and two following out putting in his own name. The amount of sub- “Incidents in the Life of a Warrior." This

days, by permission of the Earl of Zetland. stitution, appropriation, and regal thieving that last canvas is the first chapter of the story of The object is to obtain funds for the Recreation went on at Sán even exceeds that at Thebes. I which the other chapters have already been Rooms for Girls in the East End of London. Apepi, Rameses II., Seti II., Si-amen, Pi-seb- seen in succession at the Grosvenor Gallery and These rooms are under the management of the khanu, Osorkon, all in turn claimed their pre- the Royal Academy. It is among the most East London Organising Committee of the decessor's works; and no name can be treated dramatic-nay, we think it is distinctly the Girls' Friendly Society, of which the Duchess 15 original without distinct supplementary most dramatic-of the whole, and it represents of Leeds is president. Many, owners of art evidence. the “Declaration of War." Two Orientals,

treasures have kindly placed them at the disThe main object of search here will be the whose quietude of bearing and significance of posal of her Grace. The Duke of Buccleuch buildings and tombs of the Hyksos and Rameside dignified

gesture are absolutely realised, wait has promised some of his valuable miniatures. dynasties, who made this city their capital. It upon a South-German Prince with an ulti

An exhibition of ancient ecclesiastical emis here

, if anywhere, that we may hope to bridge matum. They incline themselves gracefully, broidery will be opened at South Kensington the historical gap of the Hyksos period, or yet with decision. On the dais, facing the on Monday, March 24. find remains of the Israelites during their spectator, the Prince emerges from his company M. PH. BURTY writes, under date March 6:sojourn in prosperity. The people here are of courtiers and ecclesiastics, with one arm ex- “M. Olivier Rayet, the new Professor of Archaes


plus two-thirds of the fees from Day Students, and the whole of the free from Evening Students.

lot of October next.

Further particulars may be obtained from

GEO. H. MORLEY, Secretary.


Volume I.--Namber I.
MARCH, 1884. Price 6d. ; per post, 7d.


CHARACTER SKETCHES.No. I. The President of the Dialectie


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Text, with an ENGLISH Translation and Notes by G, G, HALDUNGHAM, 8vo, Facsimile of a Palimpsest leaf, pp. xl and 38%, cloth, 1,

London : BERNARD QUARITCH, 15, Piccadilly,

ology at the Bibliothèque nationale, began his lec- chosen as the future chef-d'orchestre. Mdme. THE MASON SCIENCE COLLEGE, tures on Wednesday last with an éloge on his two Norman-Neruda played with her usual success predecessors, Beulę and François Lenormant, Spohr's Dramatic Concerto.

The CHAIR of MATHEMATICS in this COLLEGE will shartly be alluding also to the claims of Adrien de Long

Mdme. Schumann played last Saturday and VACANT, in consequence of tho appointment of Professor Hill to the Chale périer to the respect of learned Europe. The

Stipend £250 per annan, Monday at the Popular Concerts. Both times subject of the course, which is delivered on the hall was, of course, crowded. The pro- The successful Candidate will be expected to enter on his daties on the Wednesdays and Saturdays, will be ‘Olympia : its History, its Topography, its Games with special gramme on Saturday commenced with Men

Applications should be sent to the undersigned on or before the WTA at reference to the results of the excavations under- delssohn's Quintett in A (op. 18), magnificently APRIL NEST.

By a resolution of the Council, Candidates are especially requested to taken by the German Government. M. Rayet is a performed by Messrs. Joachim, Ries, Straus, abatain from canvassing: former pupil of the Ecole d'Athènes. He has won Zerbini, and Piatti. After a song well rendered distinction recently by the publication of two by Mr. Abercrombie, the great pianist appeared ; volumes—Les Monuments de l'Art antique (Quantin) but, before sitting down to the piano, she had to --- which are no less instructive for the learning acknowledge the applause and shouts of wel- | GLASGOW UNIVERSITY REVIEW. displayed in the text than for the examples chosen

come which greeted her from all parts of the for illustration."

hall. Mdme.

Schumann has always been recogCorrection. In the notice of “Mr. Albert nised as a wonderful player, but the enthusiastic Hartshorne and the Archaeological Institute” receptions now given to her need no special in the ACADEMY of last week, his name was explanation. Her visits to this country are few throughout misspelt “Hartshorn." The name and far between, and each time one feels that it of his maternal grandfather also ought to have may possibly be the last. Mdme. Schumann been given as “Kerrich," not Kerrick.has reached an age when her retirement from

public life would occasion no surprise. But, so

long as she can charm and delight the public as THE STAGE.

she did on Saturday, it is sincerely to be hoped An article on Mr. Irving, appearing in the that she will not think of taking such a course. new number of the Century, by an American Her interpretation of Beethoven's great Sonata NOTES and NEWS, CORRESPONDENCE, &c. critic who, at all events, weighs his words and in A was splendid. The lovely allegretto came knows how to write, will be read, we imagine, from her fingers like an inspiration, while the with a measure of curiosity and approval. The March and fugued finale were given with faultwriter, who seeks to be analytical, and follows less precision and fiery energy. We spoke to nearly all the American performances in detail, someone who heard her for the first time, and VICTIMS of a LEGACY. By J. F. PULLAS,

This novel is greatly above the average, and is by an accomplished undoubtedly desires to do justice to Mr. Irving the answer, as true as it was honest, was this:

London: JAMES BLACKWOOD & Co., Lovell's-court, Paternoster-row, As a matter of fact, however, we do not think I never before heard such wonderful pianohe does it, for he allows too much to the actor, forte playing.” The encore was Schumann's seeing that he is not willing to go a step Romance in D minor from op. 32. The pro-TH

HE POETICAL WORKS farther and allow something more. That he gramme concluded with Beethoven's Trio in G

A New and Revised Edition, in 2 vols., Svo, price 100. 6d. should praise Mr. Irving as a manager, of for strings. course, counts for nothing Cela va sans dire- Monday evening's concert may be briefly even with the opponents of the tragedian, But described, The Schumann, solos Novelette in E, CICERO'S REPUBLIC. . Mar's LATIN lies the complete command of all artistic re- of course, interpreted to perfection. There was, sources, used with the utmost flexibility and in- however, one little disappointment: Mdme. telligence—with a thorough understanding of Schumann, taking the word encore in its literal

A HANDBOOK OF THE ENGLISH the character he essays to portray. And yet sense, repeated the Canon, instead of playing, VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE. somehow the final verdict is that he is not to as most of the

audience hoped, another piece of be placed in the front rank, with the actors Schumann's. Beethoven's Trio in E flat (op. 70, of inspiration-with dramatic actors. Who are No. 2) was interpreted by Mdme. Schumann,

“It brings together information not contained in any single wat nisse." these, one wonders ? And what are their quali- Herr Joachim, and Sig. Piatti; more than this fications for their post ? The critic answers need not be said-it was indeed a treat.

GOOD of LIFE ASSURneither question. not convincing.

Miss Fonblanque was the vocalist. We notice G. G. C. Post-free on Application to the IMPERIAL LIFE OFT:06, 1, ON
with pleasure that next Monday, when Mdme.
Schumann plays again, Mr. Santley will sing

Just published, crown 8vo, cloth, price 29. 6d, post-free.

two of Schumann's songs. Why has this not LESSONS from the RISE and FALL of the RECENT CONCERTS.

been done for the last three concerts? Why has ENGLISH COMMONWEALTH. The second Philharmonic concert took place at there not even been a Schumann Quartett ? By J. ALLANSON PICTON, M.A.

CONTENTS : 1. INTRODUCTORY.-II. "TREASON and LOYALTISt. James's Hall on Thursday evening, March 6. And one more question-Why does not Mr.

III. “THE LIMIT8 of MORAL FORCE." -IV. "THE LIMITS Mr. Winch was announced to sing, but, owing

Arthur Chappell try to persuade Mdme. PHYSICAL FORCE." - V. "THE SOURCES of POPULAR ENTHUto indisposition, could not appear; his song was Schumann to give a Schumann recital? The

London : ALEXANDER & SHEPHEARD, 21, Castlo-street, Holbora ; omitted. A like misfortune, it would seem,

public is no longer indifferent, and the press no happened to the pianist, M. E. Pirani, who was longer hostile, to the works of Robert Schuto have played Schumann's Concerto in A minor. mann; the hall would be crowded, and every- PAENIX FIREOFFICE, LOMBARD STREET Malle. Krebs at the last moment consented to

Insurances against Loss by Fire and Lightning offected in all parts oft » take his place, and deserves credit for her per

Mr. Oscar Beringer gave his seventh annua) formance of Beethoven's Concerto in G, which pianoforte recital at St. James's Hall last was

given without rehearsal. The programme- Wednesday afternoon. The programme com- SUN FIRE AND LIFE OFFICES, book gave an analysis of No. 3 in minor, but menced

with Tausig's difficult arrangement of in this concert of errors nothing came as a surBach's Toccata and Fugue in D minor, which

FIRE. Established 1710. Home and Foreign Insurances et modesto was capitally performed. With the exception prise. Miss Griswold, the clever and promising of this piece, the whole of the programme was LIFE. Established 1810. Specially low rates for Young Lires, large noticed a short time ago, sang songs by Handel devoted to compositions of the romantic and and Schubert. The conductor was 'r. C. v. modern schools-Schumann, Grieg, Liszt, &c.

ACCIDENTS !-64, CORNHILL. Stanford ; the society did well to give him a

The principal feature was Schumann's fine trial, for under his careful and enterprising Fantasie in C (op. 17), dedicated to Liszt. direction the Musical Society at Cambridge has The last movement was interpreted in a most acquired considerable fame. The orchestral Sterndale Bennett's Fantaisie - hurried ; and especially in the opening move | RAILWAY PASSENGERS' ASSURANCE COMPANY


The Oldest and Largest Company, insuring against Accidents of all kinds. Overture "Paradise and the Peri” and Brahms' ment we missed the durchaus phantastisch.

SUBSCRIBED CAPITAL, £1,000,000. second Symphony in D. The first was

Grieg's interesting Sonata in E was not given thoroughly well played, but, of course, it is quite in the spirit of the composer. Mr. Beringer a work familiar to the band ; in the Symphony deserves special praise for his effective perform

£1,840,000 Mr. Stanford proved himself an intelligent and ance of Rheinberger's clever Study for the left

Apply to the Clerks at the Railway Stations, tho Local Agents, hand (op. 113, No. 5), and also for his playing zealous conductor-altogether satisfactory we

OF 8, GRAND HOTEL BUILDINGS, CHARING CROSS, er at file of two difficult Studies by Rubinstein. would not say, but he has a steady head and a

HEAD OFFICE-54, CORNHILL, LONDON. clear beat, and from the few called he may be


With Copious Examples and Comparative Tables.

By the Rev. J. I. MOMBERT, D.D.

Crown 8vo, pp. 508, cloth, 6s.

London : SAMUEL BAGSTER & Soxs (LIMITED), 15, Paternoster

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Brond-street, E.C., and 22, Pall-mall, S.W.

SIASM."-VI. “REPUBLICANISM : Forn and Substance."

And all Booksellers.

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It is Blackstone himself is credited with only one regulated and sustained by custom. SATURDAY, MARCIL 22, 1884.

lapse from severity in a description of running possible that in the change which is leading No. 620, New Series.

water as a wild and wandering thing. Mr. us in all directions to pass back “ from conTHE EDITOR cannot undertake to return, or Pollock has the gifts of humour and imagina- tract to status" something may yet be done to to correspond with the writers of, rejected tion. The Manor of Dale assumes under his gain for the copyholders of the South some of manuscript.

treatment the appearance of an antique ruin, the permanent privileges which the bold It is particularly requested that all business in which those who have the secret of "the yeomen of the North obtained by their courage

letters regarding the supply of the paper, crabbed spell-book” may call up again“ the and persistence. ., may be addressed to the PÚBLISHER, and ghosts of a vanished order of the world.” The old Teutonic customs permeated the not to the EDITOR.

The mediaeval seigneur rises before our eyes, social economy of the manor and township; grasping his petty dues and casual profits of and this was especially the case in the long

waif and stray and treasure-trove, or riding settled districts, which were the first to be LITERATURE.

on his nag of assize to seize a deodand, or a bit seized by the invaders from Germany. But The Land Laws. By Frederick Pollock. of wreck, or the heriot which“ added a sorrow from another point of view the scheme of our "English Citizen Series." (Macmillan.)

to death.” The steward sits in court-leet and land-law may be described as a modified

administers the ancient oaths to the Pinder and feudalism. All land is, in theory, the proMr. POLLOCK has certainly earned the gratitude the Aletaster and the other officials of the town-perty of the Crown, to be administered for of lawyers as well as laymen for the brilliant ship, or settles the quarrels of the fair and the defence of the realm-a fact which may essay in which he has so clearly expounded market at the Dustyfoot Court on the barrow be commended to the notice of those who the principles of our English real-property or under the immemorial oak. The memory would “nationalise” or communalise” the law, and has thrown light upon the strange of a still older time, before the Black Death property of the land-holders. The highest customs and wondrous scholastic fictions which had dislocated the organisation of labour, fee-simple estate may be regarded as a milito some minds are mere monstrosities, and to shows us the lord of Dale in more majestic tary office held on condition of doing some others have appeared to be the perfection of state, with powers of life and death and rights adequate service for the State. But, as a reason. His readers will be forced to admit of pit and gallows, “with sac and soc and matter of history, the unorganised militia of that the system has very little "intrinsic infang-thief and outfang-thief,” and all the the feudal tenants was soon found to be coherence" and hardly any principle of growth, other barbarous franchises which the Norman useless ; and the military services were at first so that it can only be rendered intelligible lawyers thought it safer to enumerate by their commuted for fixed dues, and afterwards " in the light of its historical conditions.” English names. In the times which imme- altogether abolished. This last change became The relations of the lord and the copyholder, diately followed the Norman Conquest, the inevitable when the distribution of the abbey the rights of the commoner on the waste or lord of the manor had wide prerogatives indeed lands among the members of a new aristocracy the villagers upon the green, are matterson strand and stream, by wood and field ;” led to a general confusion of tenures, and it which demand for their comprehension the and the peasants whose forced labour main was carried out as a matter of course after help of persons possessing a knowledge of tained his estate were not much better off the change in popular feeling produced by the most ancient Teutonic traditions surviving than serfs, even where they could prove their the great Civil War. only in an imperfect form and defaced or freedom from slavish blood. The copyholders The rule of primogeniture is our principal nearly obliterated by lapse of time. To of to-day represent the separate classes of the legacy from the feudal times. Mr. Pollock understand the intricacies of the doctrine of free labourers and of the * natives” or bond- explains how it was imported into England tenures one must wade back into “the mire men who advanced into the ranks of the for the protection of the military estates, and of feudalism," and learn the art of dealing" customary tenants”, when slavery was was extended to the holdings of the rustics with the Norman military system in phrases silently abolished. The quaint customs of in furtherance of the policy of the law. and under modes of reasoning derived from the country-side preserve remnants and sur- There are traces of an old custom of primothe Roman law. A full knowledge of the vivals of old dooms and laws of kingdoms geniture which prevailed in the North of machinery of a family settlement implies an which disappeared during the making of England as early as the days of Bede; but the acquaintance with metaphysical subtleties as England, and rites and ceremonies of an rule, which became part of our Common Law, to the nature of equitable estates which found archaic symbolism of which in some instances was in fact a local custom of the Pays de favour in the law courts long after the ideas the origin and meaning are forgotten. Caux imported for English use on account of from which they were derived had been Mr. Pollock corrects the mistake of Black- its peculiar strictness. The quiet way in abandoned by the schools. The apparently stone which has puzzled generations of which the rule was extended to lands of unmeaning conflicts between the decisions of lawyers, misled by his authority into sup- every tenure is partly to be explained by the the judges and the plain language of the posing that all the customary privileges of fact that the rules of inheritance were, up to mediaeval statutes are the signs of a real the small landowners, and indeed most of the reign of Edward II., treated as matters struggle between the king and his barons or the rights and liberties of Englishmen, were for arrangement between lord and tenant, as between the laity and the ecclesiastical land- due to the caprice or generosity of their when De Montfort abolished the succession loris ; and we owe to the same cause the Norman masters. Sir Edward Coke himself, of the youngest at Leicester, and the archclumsy fictions by which, even in the last who was learned but not very high-minded, bishops withdrew estates in Kent from the generation, the cutting off an entail or the thought it to be “the height of a grand and operation of the custom of gavelkind. conveyance of a freehold estate was made to superlative ingratitude to cry aloud and A great part of our legal history is taken assume the shape of a long-contested lawsuit. clamour” against these good and great bene- up with the struggles of the laity to limit

An introduction to the learning of manors factors. Copyholders, as they now exist, may the acquisition of land by the Church, which and copyholds is afforded by the picturesque be divided into four principal classes—the first resulted in the introduction for general purdescription of a manorial estate, with park comprising the “statesmen” in the North of poses of the conveyances by fictitious actions and demesne, and strips of Lammas land, and England, holding their estates from ancestor and the machinery of secret trusts which were a common " covered with brilliant gorse and to hcir by the ancient and laudable custom of borrowed by the clergy from the civilians. heather in their season, and fringed and tenant-right; the second class comprising the The trust, which at first was merely an honourcrested with wild woods.” This is a distinct ordinary copyholders, liable to a constantly able understanding, was in course of time proimprovement on the arid style of the older increasing rent in the shape of fines of two tected by the Court of Chancery and developed legal essays, which were so rarely enlivened years' value paid to the lord for admittance; into an cquitable estate;" and it was diswith a graceful or poetical illustration. the third being the customary estates for lives covered that the new kind of property was There are books on jocular tenures, of which by the West-of-England tenure; and the last free from the exactions and inconveniences of the wit is now a trifle musty, and a few taking in those conventionary tenants who the feudal law. A desperate attempt was ballads of monastic conveyancers about him seem to hold on the same terms as the tenants made to abolish the whole system of trusts who “ bit the white wax with his tooth,” or of the Celtic lords in this island and in by the “parliamentary magic" of the Statuto claimed a bow and a bright arrow “when he" Britain beyond the sea.” Many of these of Uses ; but the ingenuity of the lawyers came to hunt upon Yarrow;" but, as a rule, estates are still of a precarious nature, being was too 'strong for the ill-drawn statute, and our jurists seldom dropped into poetry, and treated as depending on contract alone, though the popular wish was gratified when land

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