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went afterwards into Norfolk to pay a visit, the “Anglo-Saxons” for “Saxons of England” is under the date of November 22, 1838, after father being a native of that county. On altogether modern- -a statement which Mr. describing a visit to the newly discovered tomł returning, I congratulated the son on his im- Freeman himself would not accept.

of the baker Eurysaces, he goes on to say:proved appearance, when the father said,

HENRY BRADLEY.

To indulge in a sort of reflection which I often “Well, I am all the better for my native air ; I

fall into here, the day may come when London, believe I am beginning to 'apple' here," and

then dwindled to the dimensions of the parish of he placed his hands on the region below his

BAXON SUN-DIALS.

St. Martin's, and supported in its decay by the waist. *My friends," he added, “laugh at

London: March 10, 1884. expenditure of wealthy Patagonians and New me, and say I am appling.” If one compares

The extreme rarity of Saxon sun-dials, or, to decide than the arrangement of Aflictions

Zealanders, may have no more important questions the umbilicus with the depressed eye of a “Nor, perhaps, the paucity of dials that have been folk pippin,” the origin of this use of the word recognised as such,

will render the discovery ditch” (Life, vol. ii., p. 30).

sore long time I bore' of some baker in Hounds. "apple” becomes pretty clear, unless one is of an example in Daglingworth church, near deceiving oneself by such a resemblance. Cirencester, of some interest to antiquaries.

From this to the New Zealander with his Only a few days since, I heard another word, In this case there can be no doubt that the sketch-book it will be seen there is but a short used by a patient in describing his symptoms, dial is coeval with the church, which has been step; and, considering the conditions under which is evidently a corruption, but which is pronounced by several of our best authorities which he made the entry in his journal, it is perhaps worth noting. He, referring also to to be Saxon. As in other equally early ex- easy to believe that the reflection occurred to the abdominal region, said, “I often feel a amples, the five principal hours are marked on

him at first-hand. The direction of it is that 'pobbling' here.

This, I presume, is " bub- the stone, and the dial is placed over the south in which his thoughts would naturally be bling,” for that is what he felt, though he had doorway. At Daglingworth it has been well travelling every day. A newly arrived strange never thought of the likeness between the two protected by a porch of somewhat later date. from the far north, he found himself elbowel words, and seemed to hesitate to accept my I hope that this notice may lead to a careful by other inquisitive strangers in the city with suggestion to that effect. JOHN MARSHALL. examination of the walls of other early churches. whose ancient glories his mind was busy, for be

J. PARK HARRISON.
was then engaged in polishing his Lays.

JAS. R. SIBBALD.
ANGLO-SAXON."
London: March 8, 1884.
MACAULAY'S NEW ZEALANDER.

London: March 1, 1864. I cannot plead guilty to Mr. Freeman's

Edinburgh: March 11, 1884. In the ACADEMY of March 1 I observe a implied charge of being acquainted with his

It is, I suppose, open to anyone to hold that short article on the origin of Macaulay's New opinion on this question only, at second-hand. Macaulay may have invented his own New Zealander. The conceit itself is obvious enough, Nor do I find from his letter that I have either Zealander; and, for anything I ever read to and no doubt might be traced to a variety of overlooked or misunderstood any of the state the contrary, this is the most rational opinion authors; but that, as a matter of fact, Macaulay ments on the subject which are contained in to abide by. But, for the benefit of those who took it from any of the sources you mention I the Appendix Notes A and B in the first volume insist that, whoever may have stumbled on the rather doubt. In all probability it was sug. of his History of the Norman Conquest. idea first, Macaulay must needs have found it gested to him by his master in rhetoric, Gibbon

, Mr. Freeman's inability to understand the ready dressed for him in modern garb by some who, in one of those poetical passages scattered meaning of the passage in the Dictionary seems previous writer, I would suggest that some so lavishly throughout his immortal History hard to account for, supposing him to have attention be paid to the claims of Joseph (chap. xxv., " Account of Britain'), writes :read the entire article, and not merely the im- Wilcocks, the author of Roman Conversations. “If, in the neighbourhood of the commercial and mediate context of the words which he quotes. In the second volume of this work, first pub- literary town of Glasgow, a race of cannibals has To me, the writer of the article seems to main- lished in 1793, there occurs the following really existed, we may contemplate, in the period tain, with perfect clearness, that the compound passage spoken on the occasion of a visit to of the Scottish history, the opposite extremes of Angul-Seaxe, when used by Ælfred or Æthel- the Obelisk of Sesostris at Rome :

savage and civilised life. Such reflections tend to stán, signified the Saxons of England (or of the Angul-cynn) as distinguished from certain "O my dear pupil, though I am no prophet (the enlarge the circles of our ideas; and to encourage other. Saxons; and the arguments in favour speaker is fresh from a quotation from the Prophet the pleasing hope that New Zealand may produce, of this view appear to be very strong. In

Nahum), let me contemplate in imagination the in some future age, the Hume of the Southern the first place, it will scarcely be doubted that probable history of future ages. Two thousand Hemisphere." when Paul Warnefrid talks of Angli Saxones, going up the Thames in search of antiquities, in various authors in which the idea may be

years hence some foreigners will, perhaps, be I know nothing of the other passages in or Saxonum Anglorum genus, he means those the same manner as Norden lately went up the traced, and to one of which Gibbon himself Saxons who had become Angli

, as opposed to Nile. . . . Rowing, then, along the widespread may be indebted (though, of course, not Kirke the Old Saxons of the Continent. It is true desolation of London,

they will pass through some White, Mrs. Barbauld, or Shelley). You show that this is Continental usage ; but the fact that arches of its broken bridges standing in the middle that Macaulay could hardly have seen the these examples are a century older than the of the stream. On the grassy shore perhaps they earliest English example supports Dr. Murray's will. view with admiration the still remaining passage from Walpole's Letters

. There is no paropinion that the term was of Continental origin. portico of St. Paul's, and, perhaps, one of the ticular probability that Macaulay, omnivorous In the second place, the existence of the name pool of water where Westminster Hall and the towers of Westminster Abbey, and be shown the as he was, ever read the voyage of La Billardiere,

or that La Billardiere himself was not indebted Eald-Seaxe either implies the existence of a Houses of Parliament once stood,” &c.

to Gibbon for the passage

quoted by Mr. Colensa, corresponding name for the insular Saxons, or

since his History was it would almost inevitably suggest the formation an extract from the Roman Conversations, in

French before the voyage was written. of one. Supposing the necessity of such a cluding the above passage, is made in the

ALFRED H. HUTH. distinctive name to have been felt, the com- | Annual Register for the year 1792 (published pound Angul-Seaxe, “English Saxons,” would in 1793). Wilcocks' book, and, still more, the certainly be the most obvious and accurate Annual Register, Macaulay is likely enough to designation which could be employed. As Mr. have skimmed over as a boy. It may be worth THE SEA-BLUE BIRD OF MARCH." Freeman has himself frequently pointed out, remarking that in the Conversations we are also

Brookwood, Woking: March 6, 1884. the Saxons of this island habitually spoke of treated to "every school-boy knows,” though Permit me to suggest that the bird so styled themselves and their language as English." Wilcocks' school-boy is less heavily weighted by the Laureate is the wheatear (Saxicolor In the third place, there is no analogy in Old with learning than his successor in the Edin-Oenanthe). It is one of the very few migratory English for the joining two ethnic names burgh Review.

birds that arrive here in March ; I might say together to denote a union of the peoples which But, to give the school-boy a holiday and one of the two which always appear in that they represent; whereas, if the first element in return to the New Zealander, as it will hardly month, the other being the chiff-chaff, which Angul-Seaxe be, as I maintain, a specific or be maintained that Wilcocks found his illustra- frequents tree-tops ; but the wheatear is. defining prefix, the formation of the word is tion in a MS. letter of Horace Walpole's, we ground bird, frequenting the sea-coast and exactly parallel to that of Bretwalas, Rúmwalas, need not assume that Macaulay found it in stony moorlands, where it may often be seen Hrey-Gotan, and other national names. Several Walpole, Wilcocks, or anybody else. The New to "Ait by underneath the barren bush.”. The other arguments might be adduced in favour Zealander is quite in Macaulay's own style of colour of its back and upper plumage is, in of the view advocated in the Dictionary, but I thought; and the occasion when, so far as can spring (for it changes later in the season), gray will not now

attempt to discuss the question be known, he first employed the illustration blue-very much that of the sea as viewed from further.

was one when it may very well have occurred the coast of the eastern counties, and might The passage in the Penny Cyclopaedia to which to him apart from anything he ever heard or fairly be called sea-blue. Mr. Freeman refers me is no doubt a perfetly read, always excepting what is as old as the The Laureate's bird cannot, I think, be the lucid statement of opinion; but I do not see Hebrew prophets. Two years before the kingfisher, which is not, in England at least, that it is anything more. In fact, the only review of Ranke was published (October 1840) in any special sense a bird of March, which argument which it contains is that the use

of Macaulay was in Rome for the first time, and does not fit, but darts like an arrow, and

even translated into

3 p.m.

or

in

whose deep blue lustrous colour does not re- Gas," by Dr. Gladstone and Mr. Tribe; "The Action choce (ardighók), and the Lower Engading mind one of the sea.

of Dibrom-a-Napthol upon the Amines,” by Mr. R. Romanese artischoc (artishok). I have said

Meldola.
JOHN M. GILLINGTON.
FRIDAY, March 21, 8 p.m. Philological : “ The Keltic

" Venetian and not “Italian” articioco, [A. N. A. also writes to the same effect on

Derivations in Skeat's Etymological Dictionary," because this word or articiocco (arttichóko,

by Mr. T. Powell. behalf of the wheatear. Dr. E. Spender, of 9 p.m. Royal Institution : "Emerson," by Mr. arttichókko), like arciocco (artchókko), or Florio's Bath, suggests the blue titmouse. The Rev. J.

Matthew Arnold.

arciciocco and arcicioffo (artchichókko, artchiHoskyns Abrahall sends a collection of

SATURDAY, March 22, 3p.m. Royal Institution : “Photo- chóffo), certainly does not belong to the Italian

passages from White's Selborne recording the appearance

Physical : ""Hall's Phaenomena,” by language, which only admits, contrary to the of the swallow in March. But surely it is more

Prof. 8. P. Thompson and Mr. Colman C. Starling; pretensions of some lexicographers, carciofo or consistent with the poetical genius of the Electro-Magnetics," by Prof. 8. P. Thompson and the

rural carciofano (kkartchofano). Laureate that he should recall a passage from

Mr. W. M. Moorsom.

The Venetian articioco and all the words in Aleman than that he should embody a fact in

which the first c (k) in articoccus is changed satural history. The Rev. W. Houghton wishes

SCIENCE.

either into (sh) or (ch) must have come from to state that his “doubts are dissipated” by

THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION IN

France to Italy, and not vice versa, as the Latin Mr. Wharton's letter" the kingfisher must be

(k) would not have been changed, but must have

CANADA. the bird intended."-ED. ACADEMY.]

remained under the forms (artikóko, artikók) in DESPITE some natural misgiving that followed genuine Venetian and Milanese words, as

at first upon the announcement that the British happens in ca (ka) “house,” cossa (kósa) TORKINGTON'S “PILGRIMAGE.”

Association for the Advancement of Science had thing," from the Latin căsa cottage,” causa

resolved to meet outside the limits of the Upper Clapton: March 10, 1884.

cause. (Artichoko), on the contrary, follows Mr. Tuer should not be angry with me for United Kingdom, the arrangements now made the French changes of chez (she) " in, or “to espturing a literary pirate, but rather thank more than justify the novel experiment.

the house of,” and chose (shoz)“ thing,” also me, or at least enquire into my accusations.

Wednesday, August 27, has been fixed for the from the Latin căsa and causa. The second I am no Rhadamanthus, but have gone very opening day at Montreal, and Lord Rayleigh c (k), however, in articioco, &c., is derived carefully over the "Pilgrimage” of Sir R. Guyl- will be the president. The vice-presidents show directly from the Low-Latin ce in articoccus ; forde's chaplain and that of Torkington, and a predominance of Canadian names. The general while the French and Mentonese second t in have marked in the margin of the latter what treasurer is Prof. A. W. Williamson; the artichaut and arcicotaro is derived from the ct has been copied or imitated from the former, Mr. A. G. Vernon Harcourt, and Prof. T. G. from a still older articactus, three forms to

general secretaries are Capt. Douglas Galton, of the previous articoctus, and this, as I think, so that I can state the results. The present text of Torkington ends on p. 72 with a bit of

Bonney. The following will be the presi- be found in Du Cange as Low-Latin words, chronology in Latin, and of the remaining dents of sections :- Mathematical and physical together with articoccalus, their synonym. Now, seventy-one pages matter equal to at least science, Sir William Thomson; chemical science, if we take into consideration (1) that, although thirty is stolen from the other almost word for Prof. Roscoe; geology, Mr. W. T. Blanford; cănăra is the usual Latin word for "artichoke," word. Sundry more or less exact imitations biology, Prof. Moseley, geography, (probably cactus or cactos is also used by Pliny either in

Sir Leopold M'Clintock; economic science and the sense of “artichoke require to be added to complete the census.

cardoon,” just This is the sum of my report, and it is in the statistics, Sir Richard Temple; mechanical the same as the Greek náktos of Theocritus, &c.; power of anyone who has access to the two science, Sir Frederick Bramweli; anthropology, (2) that bipre prefixed means very often " newly, works to judge whether Mr. Tuer or myself Dr. E. B. Tylor. It is expected that the popular just now, lately, new, recent," &c., as deals with facts. In one instance, thirteen or

discourses will be delivered by Mr. Crookes, åpticugía “ recent union,” from épti and deurvuui fourteen pages of Torkington are wholly taken Dr. Dallinger, and Prof. Ball. The committee to couple," đpríswos

' who has come into from the earlier work with the exception of of section I have set

the example of announcing life but recently," from &pri and Soch "life,” &c., perhaps half-a-score lines. In truth, nearly all the two following subjects for special discussion &c.—we are induced to think that articactus that is said of the Holy Places is derived from Voltaic Cell” and “The Connexion of Sun-"new" or "recently evolved head of artichoke,"

“The Seat of the Electromotive Forces in the may be explained by špti and cactus, quasi the same source. Of the quotations elsewhere I now say nothing. Let it be remembered that spots with Terrestrial Phenomena."

a meaning which the French artichaut possesses

It is needless to add that the picnic aspects very often in its more limited acceptation, as Guylforde's pilgrimage was in 1506-7, and that it was printed by Pynson in 1511, 'while of the meeting have not been overlooked. "The a perfect synonym of tête d'artichaut. that of Torkington began in 1517. I hope I Canadian Parliament has already voted a con- Derivatives from articoccus or articoctus will have made my meaning plain; and, if Mr. siderable sum to provide free passages and free be recognised generally by the change of the Tuer likes, I can let him have a marked copy living for all the officials of the association, as first c(k) into (sh, ch). Such words are followed of his volume with references to most of the well as 14,000 dollars (£2,800) towards the by the figure 1. Derivatives from harshaf will pages in the Camden Society's edition of the passage money of members. The Government present the change of (h) into (k), while (f) is other book.

B. H. COWPER.

railways will likewise be thrown open free to all. generally permanent. The words of this group The steamship companies, the railway com- are followed by the figure 2. Derivatives from

panies, and the telegraph companies also offer al-harshaf undergo the same changes as the APPOINTMENTS FOR NEXT WEEK. liberal terms. Not to be behindhand in gener- preceding in their second element, while their MONDAY, March 17, 8 p.m. Society of Arts: Cantor osity, the council of the association has resolved first element, or the Arabic article'al, is gener

Lecture. The Auoys used for Coinage," 11., by to extend the usual privileges of associates to ally permanent or sometimes substituted by Prof. W. Chandler Harris.

the near relatives of members, to the number of (es, as, is, s). The words of this third group p.m.

“Hume's Treatise of three. Human Nature," IV., by Mr. W. R. Browne.

are followed by the figure 3. Here it ought to 8 p.m. Victoria Institute: "Evolution."

The American Association holds its annual be remembered (1) that in Majorcan, es (əs) TUESDAY, March 18, 3p.m. Royal Institution : “ Animal meeting at Philadelphia on September 3; and is one of the masculine definite articles, and so

7.45 p.m. Statistical : The Recent Decline in it is understood that Sir W. Thomson will after- is ex (es) in the Ariégeois Gascon dialect ; the English Death-rate, considered in Connexion ward proceed to Baltimore to deliver a course of (2) that final (no, na, na, en) seem to point to with the Causes of Death,” by Mr. G. B. Longstaff. lectures at the Johns Hopkins University. 8.p.m. Civil Engineers: “ Wire-Gun Construc

an adjectival termination, as in the Italian cartion," by Mr. J. A. Longridge.

ciofano, quasi “cinara carciofina,” while final 8 p.m. Society of Arts : Borneo," by Mr. B. Francis Cobb.

CORRESPONDENCE.

(lo, la, la, le, el, ul, ru) seem to be diminutive 8.30 p.m. Zoological: "Description of the

suffixes, as in the Roman carciofolo, the Men Sternum of Dinornis elephantopus," by Sir R. Owen; NEO-LATIN NAMES FOR ARTICHOKE.” ** The Diseases of Carnivorous Animals living in the

tonese arcicotaro, formed by metathesis from Gardens," by Mr. J. B. Sutton; " Exhibition and

London : Feb. 26, 1884. (arkichótaru ?), &c., and analogous to articocDescription of a Skull of an Australian Sea-Lion," The Italian carciofo, pronounced • by Mr.J. W. Clark.

(kkartchófo)

calus. WEDNESDAY, March 19,8 p.m. Geological. and the French artichaut (artishó) may be con

List of Names. 8 p.m. Society of Arts: The Elephant in sidered, with very few exceptions, as the two I. ITALIAN, carciofo (kkartchófo) 2, *carcio8 p.m. British Archaeological Review of the representatives of all the Neo-Latin names of fano (kkartchófano) 2; Roman,

carciofolo (kkarEvidence and Theories relative to Caesar's

Landing- the present list: Carciofo, as is generally ad- tchófolo) 2; Sassarese, iscarzoffa (ixxarttsólfa) 3 ; TavadarWarch 20,8 prom Royal Institution : "The mitted, is derived from the Arabic harshaf; Neapolitan, carcioffola (kkartchöff-la) 2 ; AbruzOlder Electricity," IV., by Prof. Tyndall.

while the Spanish alcachofa (alkachófa) and zese Ulteriore Primo, carciofono (kkartchofana) 2; Linnean : Hairs occurring on the other words analogous to it are derived from Abruzzese Citeriore, scarciofona (skartchofana) 3; Stamens in Plants." by Mr. Greenwood Pim; al-harshaf, or the same Arabic word preceded Tarantino, scarcioppola (skartchoppól) 3; Sici*Closure of Cyclostomatous Brizacionim biridis, by the article. Artichaut, on the contrary, is lian, cacocciula (kkakótchula) 2 ; Venetian, artiby Mr.,,. B. Plowright; “Diatomaceae from derived from the Neo-Latin articoctus ; while cioco (artichóko) 1; Veronese, arzicioco (artsi

8 p.m. Civil Engineers : “Compressed Air and another Arabic synonym, ardishauki, is quite chóko) 1 ; Bellunese, articioch (artichok) 1, arziother Refrigerating Machinery," by Mr. A. C. Kirk. analogous to a second Low-Latin form, arti- cioch' (artsichók) 1; Lingua Franca of Algiers,

8 p.m. Historical Historical Suggestions in coccus, to the Venetian articioco (artichoko), the carchouf (karshúf) 2. II. SARDINIAN : Logu$ p.m. Chemical: "The Preparation of Marsh | Milanese articioch (artichók), the Frioulan ardi- dorese, iscarzoffa (iskarttsoffa) 3; Cagliaritan,

8

Aristotelian :

8 p.m.

H. T. Tozer's “Topographical Investigations

THE ORIGIN OF CHINESE CIVILISATION. canciofa (kkantchofa) 2. III. SPANISH, alcachofa (alkachófa) 3,"alcarchofa (alkarchófa) 3;

Louvain : March 10, 1884.

in Greece and Western Asia ;” and Mr. H. Murcian, alcaucil (alkauthil), ''alcauci (alkauthí), ' *alcacil (alkathil), *alcací (alkathi); answer to my letter. I have no desire to open delivered at Cambridge in May 1881. Mr.

I have to thank M. de La Couperie for his Sweet's “Spelling Reform in its relation to the

History of English Literature," being a lecture Andalusian, alcarcil (alkarthil).- LİV. PORTUGUESE, alcachofra (əlkəshófrə) 3, *alcachofa eminent a Sinologue; but I wish to define Walter Leaf reviews recent Homer literature; (alkashófə) 3, "alcachofre (alkashófrə) 3.-accurately the ground of debate.

I had no

the Rev. R. D. Hicks that of Plato; Prof. NettleV. GENOESE, articiocca (artichókka) 1; Men- intention of speaking of Chinese literature, but ship that of Virgil; and Prof. Postgate that of tonese, arcicotaro (archikótaru) 1. VI. GALLO- of the internal culture of the people, and Propertius. At the end come several carefully ITALIC: Milanese, articioch (artichok) 1; Bres, especially of their beliefs. On this point I am arranged Indexes to the two volumes. ciano, *artigioch (artijók) 1; Bolognese, carciofel glad to see how much M. de La Couperie allows, THE Transactions of the Oxford Philological (karchófel) 2 ; Modenese, carciofen (karchófen) 2, and that we agree very nearly. It would be Society for 1882-83 forms a pamphlet of thirty*scarciof (skarchóf) 3; Reggiano, carcioffen necessary to press the matter still farther, and two pages. Setting aside some papers that (karchóffen) 2, articiock (artichóh) 1; Romagnuolo discuss especially the origin and date of the have since been printed at length in the Journal Faentino, carciof (karchóf) 2, carcioful (karchó- mythical books of China, the hypothesis of older of Philology, we may mention Prof. Nettleship's ful) 2 ; Romagnuolo Imolese, scarciofel (skarchó- books which no longer exist, &c.; but, as the Notes on Latin Lexicography" and in fel) 3; Parmesan, articiock (artichóh) 1. - eminent Professor promises us important dis- “Horatian Chronology ; two papers by II. VI. FRIOULAN, ardichoce (ardighók) 1, artichoce coveries on the same ground, it is proper to Robinson Ellis on the Metamorphoses of Onid; (artichok) 1.- -VIII. ROMANESE: Oberland, await them before continuing any remarks Mr. J. C. Wilson on “The Interpretatim of artitschoc (artichok) 1; Lower Engadine

, arti- which might be more or less invalidated by Certain Passages of the De Anima in the editins schoc (artishok) 1. IX. OCCITANIAN, ?- such discoveries.

C. DE HARLEZ.

of Trendelenburg and Torstrik;” and Mr. R. W. X. CATALONIAN, carxofa (kərshófə) 2, *carchofa

Macan on “ The Terpandrian vóuos in the (kərchófə) 2, escarxofa (əskərshófə) 3; Valencian,

Epinikia of Pindar.” carchofa (karchófa) 2; Majorcan, carxofa (kər

SCIENCE NOTES. shöfə) 2. XI. MODERN OCCITANIAN: Pro- MESSRS. CASSELL & Co. have made arrangevençal, <artichaou (articháu, artitsáu) 1, arqui- ments for the issue, in monthly parts, of a new chaou (arkicháu) 1, cachoflo (kachófilo) 2, cachofle practical and comprehensive work on horticul

MEETINGS OF SOCIETIES. (kachóte) 2, carchocle (karchókle) 2; Langue-ture, to be published under the

title of Cassell's

BROWNING Society. — (Friday, Feb. 22.) docien, carchoflo (karchófilo) 2, carchofile kars Popular Gardening. It will be edited by Mr. Dr. Berdoe in the Chair. --The newly elected hon. chófle) 2, archichaou (archicháu) 1, escarchofo D. T. Fish; and the contributors will include secretary, Mr. Dykes Campbell, read a paper by Mr. (eskarchófo) 3, escarjofo (eskarzhófo) 3, "escarjoso Mr. William Early, of Ilford ; Mr. William A.C. Benson, of King's College, Cambridge, on eskarzhóso) 3; Gascon, artichaou (artisháu) 1; Ingram, of Belvoir; Mr. Richard Dean, of

Waring.” This poem, said the writer, has two Rouergois

, orchichaou (orchicháu) 1, ortichaou Ealing; Mr. William Coleman, of Eastnor very marked characteristics : one which it shares (orticháu) 1, richichaou (richicháu) 1. XII. Castle;' Dr. Maxwell T. Masters ; Mr. W. Wild- with all the poet's works, the other one which FRANCO - OCCITANIAN, ? XIII. ANCIENT FRENCH, ? -XIV. FRENCH, artichaut (arti- the British Museum ; Mr. W. Watson, of Kew short sketch of the poem, the writer proceeded to

smith, of Heckfield Place; Mr. James Britten, of likeness and its incompleteness. After giving a shó) 1; Walloon, articho (Artishó) 1; Rouchi, Gardens ; Mr. J. Hudson, of Gunnersbury Park; say that, in his judgment, anyone who had studied artissiau (artisió) 1. -ÅV. WALLACHIAN, Mr. W.' Thomson ; Mr. Willis, of Sir John this rare delineation of a most loveable man would anghinară (angináro).

Lawe's Laboratory, Harpenden; Mr. W. Car- agree with him that in the whole gallery of portraits Notes. Words between brackets are written michael, late gardener to the Prince of Wales; by the master-poets few attract so much as this. phonetically according to the following conventional symbols, and only words so written are to Mr. Lynch, curator of the Cambridge Botanic although such an episode as his successful medias

Mr. W. H. Gower, of The Nurseries, Tooting; We have most of us a spark of the Waring element, be taken into consideration in all I have said about Gardens ; Mr. Goldring; Dr. Gordon Stables ; appearance becomes in our modern life daily more their changes, &c. SYMBOLS: 1,

. &c.

But Waring had seen and in father; 2, a=a in fat; 3, A=a in all; 4, e=e

marked the evils of civilisation, and felt that he in bed; 5, e=French é; 6, a=u in but ; 7, 3= THE discovery of an early human skull at must leave them. But he does not do so for ostenFrench e in cheval" horse;" 8, əguttural Por- Tilbury has been quickly followed by a similar tation or for ease. His search for truth is deep tuguese a in mal“ evil; 9, i=e in me; 10, o=

find at Podbaba, near Prague. This latter was and inward. It is not in dull inglorious sloth that French o in or “gold ;” 11, o=French o in mot unearthed in a bed of chalk where the tusk of a

he works out the great problem, but in converse word;" 12, u = 0o in fool; 13, ch=Italian ci in mammoth had been dug out a few days pre- nature and God. Remember who it was who woke

with happy, humble lives, and the great realities cacio“

cheese';" 14, tch = Italian cci in caccio 7 viously, which gives an indication of its age. to life among the poor, and worked among hari 16, d = French d'; 17, p=f in foe ; 18, #f=Italian The characteristics of this skull are the

extremely fisher-folk, and despise

' Waring if you can. The 19, 8=g in 49; 20

, þin_horie; 27;. 15. the ridges, in both of which points it resembles experience of some students, the dictum maradt Italian gi in agio "ease; kk Italian cc in bocca “mouth ; ” 24, x=Ger- the famous Neanderthal though its facial

“Waring streak” being not rare.- Mr. Furnival man ch in nacht " night;

the same,
but angle is yet lower.

regarded

the poem as a bright picture of the poet's stronger; 26, l=French l; 27, 1= Portuguese 1 in alma “soul;" 28, n= - French n in nez

THE Seismological Society of Japan, which young life and friendships.--Others deprecated the 29, n= = ng in singer ; 30, p=p in pea; 31, pp =

was established in 1880 for the purpose of undue tendency to "read in” meanings and stimulating the study of earthquake-phenomena, of judgment as to whether the poem was, or hoti

motives in the poems. There was some difference Italian pp; 32, r=g in marine; 33, s=s in so; has just issued the sixth volume of its Trans- hopeful one. A second paper, by Mr. Raleigh

, 34, sh=sh in she; 35, t= French t; 36, tt= Italian tt; 37, th th in think; 38, th = th in the;

actions. Prof. Milne, who is one of the leading | also of King's College, was read, on 39, ts = Italianz in la zappa “the mattock;" 40, spirits of this society, opens the volume with a nent Points of Browning's Teaching." There were tts = Italian-z in pazzo

41, zh- =s in paper on

" Earth Pulsations,” in which he still obstacles, the writer thought, in the way of the pleasure. ('=accent ; 1-) = long quantity; sketches the present state of our knowledge of who would appreciate this, from the general prefer(^)=id. with accent.- -(*) precedes archaic, ob- microseismic disturbances. There are also ence for “copy-book morality," dogma, proverby solete, or uncommon words.

descriptions of several new instruments for rather than by fable or history unticketed with an • The Murcian and Andalusian names for “arti- recording shocks, and a catalogue of the earth- ostentatious moral. But such works as Browning choke" are derived from the Arabic al-cabell quakes recently felt in Tokio.

have one advantage in common with discussions like “chard good to eat" according to P. de Alcala

ours, that they start from no premisses and arrive at (see Dozy's Glossaire, &c., p. 89 of the second edi.

no conclusion. Notwithstanding the time it has tion); and the Wallachian name is nothing else

taken for his fame to grow, he is essentially a modern than the Modern-Greek åyyivápa (anginára), de

PHILOLOGY NOTES.

poet. He has profited in full from the philosophie rived from the Greek kivápa, Latin cînăra, Tosk The second volume of the Transactions of the development which has influenced English poetry Albanian xıváp: (hinárth), but articioc (artichok) 1 Cambridge Philological Society,

which (like the ever since Wordsworth, and from the almost sudden n the Albanian of Scutari.

* The words of this List which are in use in by Messrs. Trübner, consists mainly of the certainly uses his knowledge of the systems of the Italy on the north of Reggio of Modena, and in France on the north of the Cevennes, are all

papers read during the year 1881. derived from the Low-Latin articoccus or articoctus, | Among these are Prince L.-L. Bonaparte's / upon, although it might be said that his best poem

are also several original contributions of value. dramatic character of his works was also dweli although derivatives from the Arabic

are are ; al-harshaf may also occur in the Reggiano, Pro- paper on “Words connected with the Vine in his individualism ; his use of nature, which with him vençal, and

Languedocien dialects together with Latin and the Neo-Latin Languages,” which is is always idealised and brought into relation with the Low-Latin derivatives. On the south of Reggio, published in concert with the Philological man. By far the greater number of natural allusions on the contrary, as well as on the south of Society of London ; Prof. Zupitza's “ English are introduced by way of illustration or metaphor

: Bayonne and in the

whole Spanish peninsula, all Etymology in 1881 and 1882" which is sub- The chief moral value of his poetry is that it the names for "artichoke” show an Arabic origin. stantially a review of the Dictionaries of Skeat, supplements and transcends systems. Tennyson

L.-L. BONAPARTE, Wedgwood, and A. Smythe Palmer; the Rey. ) is constantly enforcing obedience to law; Brown

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nose;

“Some Promi

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con

ing emphasises the fettering and deadening in. exception of the Latin, was that of a compound Athene wearing the usual chiton and aegis, but fuence of mere codified morality. In the conflict of two stems, joined together according to the in the attitude of Elpis-all these are of of good and evil it is best for the individual to act rules of composition. He illustrated this by in- Parian marble; and a small fragment in fine out his highest impulses, bear, if need be, the stances taken from Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Celtic, white limestone, about four inches high, carved penalty of present law, and trust in a life in which Slavonic, Old High German, and Anglo-Saxon. with the most minute delicacy, the same in law is also truth.-In the discussion the Chairman This compound name was shortened in familiar thought. B.owning thoroughly scientific in the use by dropping one of the stems. Thus, along- design as one of the Siris bronzes in the British nly in strife between good and evil side the Anglo-Saxon names Wulfred, Beon rith,

Museum, which represents Ajax defeating an ould there be progress and evolution, the ducy Folcwine, we have Wulf, Beorn, and Folk. These Amazon-school of Praxiteles. being, therefore, to seek that evolution of all things contracted names received usually a further de

Some of the Greek terra-cotta figures are of ir m lower to higher types.--Mr. Revell could see velopment by the applications of different suffixes. marvellous beauty, especially a quite unrivalled Do trace of the scientific. He doubted the poet's The following Anglo-Saxon instances are to be collection, about thirty-five in all, of the small optimism about evil, which was surely no negation regarded as such developed forms :—Ead-a (Eâd-coloured statuettes from the tombs of Tanagra. of privation, but as substantive as good.--Mr. gar), Bad-a, Bæd-a, Bed-a (Beado-wulf). Bot-a No words can describe the grace and spirited Radiord thought the poet's teaching was the (Butwine], Ecg-a [Ecg-laf], Drem-ka [Dream-wulf], execution of some of these. A standing figure cinct outcome of the modern deadlock phil- Bryn-ca (Brynhelm=Beorn-helm), Beodu.ca(Bea- of a girl on whose shoulder a dove is alighting osophy, the one certain thing being that life is a do-wulf), Cudd-i [Cuth-berht), Tyd-i [Tidwine), &c. is a perfect gem of beauty, her head turned and fact, and that only in fulfilled life can happiness Such contracted forms explain many of the Anglo- her hand stretched towards the bird with the be found.-Mr. Shaw thought Browning was

Saxon patronymics in -ing (ingas]-.g., essentially unscientific. The tendency to make [cf. Aldred and Alda), Àl-ingas (cf. Ælfweard), most lifelike and graceful movement. One of him evolve good always was exasperating. He is Bead-ingas [cf. Beado-heard), Billingas (cf. Bill” the most highly finished is a nude figure of sometimes even pessimist.--- It was announced that noth), Beorht-ingas (cf. Beorht-red], &c., &c. The Aphrodite reclining on a couch; her beauty is a paper would be read at the next meeting by the reader considered that a large number of the unveiled by two flying Cupids, who hold up the Rev. J. S. Jones, and that Mr. Nettleship would place-names involving seeming, patronymics in drapery which forms a background to the figure take the chair.

-ing were to be otherwise explained. Thus, just of the goddess. Some standing figures of girls

as the Norse Hrafngil-ingr, Northlend-ingr, in chiton and chlamys, the latter wrapped hoodSOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES.—(Thursday, Feb. 28.)

Northmannd-ingr, Orkney-ingar, Vik-ingr, repre- like over the head, are perfect in pose and in C. S. Perceval, Esq., Treasurer, in the Chair. - gil, Northland, Normandy, Orkneys, or the fiords, which the form of the limbs is slightly indi

sented respectively the man (or men] from Hrafn the delicate modelling of the drapery, through Mr. A. G. Hill exhibited some water-colour drawings and ground-plans of churches at Hamburg, Buccingas, Fearningas, Thorningas, Steaningas,

so such forms as Æceringas, Æscingas, Bircingas, cated. Other groups represent games, loveRostock, Lübeck, Schwerin, and other towns in Mecklenburg and Pomerania. The architecture

Wealdingas, denoted the men from the cultivated scenes, or mythological subjects, such as Europa lands (Æcyr], the Ashes, the Birches, the Beeches,

on the bull, and a lovely Eros riding, on a of the oldest buildings is late Romanesque, with the Ferns, the Thorny districts, the Stony districts, Triton's back, half-emerging from a rippled transitional details, the material used being brick

or the uncultivated wastes respectively. Such sea, in which dolphins are sporting. Eight of various colours-red, black, and green--frequently glazed. The spires are usually of copper rington on the Torridge, Leamington on the Leam, pieces of invention and graceful action. e-names as Dartington above the Dart, Tor- little Cupids, barely an inch high, are master

In of a green colour. That of the Petri Kirche, at Ermington in the valley of the Erme, Tavistock their varied movement, dancing, playing on originally whitewashed, and relieved by a decora- (anciently Tafingstock) on the Tavy, showed that Alutes, and the like, they strongly recall the tion in colour of a bold, simple character. St: from the rivers, and not from certain ancestors.

the tribes settled in these regions took their names angel boys of Luca della Robbia and Donatello. Mary's , Lübeck, is full of monuments, with painted The reader illustrated the normal process of “

These exquisite little figures are completely gilt, portraits . Everywhere the old church fittings and sonantal decay” by the ancient and modern forms

as are also some of the larger groups. Most, furniture are quite distinct in character, unlike of such place-names as involve old personal appella

however, are delicately tinted in flesh-colour, what is found in other parts of Europe ; but tions." As instances of the disguises which ancient with drapery of pink and blue, or green ; the at the cathedral of Schwerin, the interiors have Celtic personal names have assumed in certain hair of the females is always red. been completely cleared out and remodelled.

surnames the reader adduced the following :-(1) An ivory statuette of a Greek tragic actor is Instances of the survival in existing surnames of quite unique, and a masterpiece of minute

the final consonant of Mac-the Manx names execution. He wears a long tunic, coloured ARCHAEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE.—(Thursday, March 6.) Kneale, Collister, Clucas, Costain, Caskill, con- blue, and covered with an incised diaper patEdu Percy, President, in the Chair.-Mr. W. Nial, Ållister, Lucas, Eystein, Askill (=Osketel); dered belt. Through the eyes and mouth of

taining respectively the well-known personal names tern ; it is bound at the waist with an embroiList of the Roman inscriptions discovered in Britain the Scottish name Kinlay (representing MacFinn- the stern tragic mask are

seen the mobile

human in 1883. This is Mr. Watkin's eighth annual list, laogh); and the Irish Guinness (representing Mac

Cf. Price, Bevan, Bethel, originally to which a realistic vividness is given by the

and lips of the actor-a wonderful effect,

eyes and his eleventh supplement to Dr. Hübner's

Aongusa). Corpus.--Mr. James Hilton read a paper on "The Map-Rhys, Map Evan; Map Tudgual...(2) Dis: slight undercutting of the mask, so that it Pahlgraben and Camp in Germany in relation to guises through the influence of Mac upon names the Roman Wall in Northumberland," with the compounded of Giolla Servant, MacLeish and seems not quite in contact with the human face

The figure is in a shrinking attitude, purpose of directing attention to the present state M'Aleese =Mac Giolla Iosa (Iosa = Jesus), Mac- beneath. of information in England on the barrier con

Clean = Mac Giolla-Ean (Ean = John). 'As in the right hand raised, the left fallen by the side, structed by the Romans between the Danube and to Giolla the following were adduced :-Maol The feet are shod with the tall, clog-like

stances of names compounded of words similar and expresses the strongest mental passion. tribes to the North--the

Catti

, and especially to (= tonsured ; servant) in Malone, Mulloy, Mul: cothurni. No existing representation of a Greek the fortified camp called the Saalburg. Mr. Húton ready, Gwas (ef. Vassal) in Gwas Meir (servant actor shows so vividly as this little figure what pointed out the leading features of resemblance to of Mary), and Gwas Patric=Gospatric, cf. Scan

was the actual appearance of an actor on the dinavian Sveinn Petr=swain of St. Peter. fde Roman wall across Northumberland, and

tragic stage. noticed the points in which the two works differed.

Among the large number of Greek painted He described from his own observation the care

FINE ART.

vases of all places and dates, from the most Thich is taken to preserve the Saalburg camp—the

archaic pottery of Cyprus down to the latest bost important fortress along the whole course of THE CASTELLANI COLLECTION.

Graeco-Roman vases of Magna Graecia, perhaps the Pfahlgraben rampart. An authoritative de.

Rome: March 3, 1884. the most striking is a large hydria of the softly scription of this defence may be found in a recent The sale of this wonderful collection is arranged beautiful style of drawing which was peculiar tumber of Archaeologia Aeliana.—Mr. Somers Clarke then read “Notes on Churches in Madeira,” de- to begin on March 17, and will last about a to Magna Graecia about 300 B.C. The two scribing the architectural features of the cathedral month. No sale of equal importance in objects principal figures, Demeter and Persephone, are church of Funchal and the less-known, but equally of antiquarian interest and artistic beauty has painted with cream-white flesh-tint, and interesting, church of Porto Santo. Mr. Clarke probably ever yet taken place. In works of art draperies in pink and green; the other figures exhibited a photograph of a superb late fifteenth- from ancient Greece, Etruria, Rome, and —Apollo and Muses or Nymphs—are in the century, silver processional cross preserved at mediaeval Italy, the collection is equally rich; usual red of the clay ground. All are richly Funchal.-Mrs. Kerr exhibited a number of photo- many of the objects are quite unique, and decorated with necklaces, earrings, bracelets, or graphs of German church plate, and M. Seidler almost all are remarkable for their beauty or sceptres in gold, thickly applied in leaf over a a set of French weights in use before the Revolu- fine state of preservation. It will only be raised ground laid on in semi-fluid" slip.” A tion, and one of the original bills posted in Paris possible here to mention shortly a few speci- garland of bulrushes in similar gold relief enin 1814 concerning the observance of Sundays and holidays.

circles the neck of the vase. mens from each class.

Among the Greek sculpture there is a hel- Among the coins there are many hundred PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY.—(Friday, March 7.)

meted bust of Pericles, resembling that in the fine specimens of the archaic tetradrachms of

Vatican, but, unlike that, quite uninjured by Syracuse, with the small head of Persephone 12. MURRAY, President, in the Chair.-A paper restoration ; 'a most noble colossal female head, surrounded by dolphins, two fine Syracusan and Place Names." The reader maintained, with apparently that of an Amazon, which in style medallions, and a perfect specimen of that rare Fick

, that the ancient normal form of personal appears to belong to the school of Polycletus; didrachm of Syracuse with full face of Arethusa tame in use among all Aryan peoples, with the a remarkable archaic statuette, imperfect, of (APEOOZA), and on the broad fillet which binds her flowing hair the artist's name, KIMON, in silver platter, repoussé, and engraved with a is a richly decorative panel of the procession of minute letters. In silver coins from other figure of Rameses II. slaying captives held in a the Magi by Bepozzo Gozzoli

, two large round Sicilian cities, and from Magna Graecia, the bunch by their hair, and surrounded by a pictures of the Madonna and Angels by Botticollection is

very
rich, There is also a fine lot border of lotus plants, is a most beautiful celli

, and a fine Coronation of the Virgin of of consular denarii and choice specimens of specimen of Egyptian, or possibly Punic, work- the school of Orcagna. Pinturicchio is repreaurei of the early Emperors.

manship. It was found in a tomb at Salerno, sented by a large minutely painted picture The bronzes, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman, and much resembles one in the Museo Kirch- with many figures, representing a wedding: are of the greatest beauty and importance. Aeriano on which a minute Punic inscription is en- classical deities are introduced among the bronze sword in perfect state, and completely graved, The Etruscan gold jewellery, earrings, spectators; it seems to be a panel from & covered with the most lovely turquoise patina, bracelets, diadems, and long sceptre-like gold marriage cassone. is perhaps the finest example known. Other tubes or boxes are of the most delicate work- The collection of ecclesiastical plate, bishops' bronze swords and helmets from Etruscan manship; as is also a gold bowl completely croziers, and the like contains a very large tombs are of great interest; one, thickly gilt, covered with minute patterns executed in an number of articles of great beauty and imhas, on the front, emblemata of Thanatos grasp- almost miraculous way with microscopic powder- portance — Limoges enamelled caskets, reliing a dead warrior, and on the crest small ing in gold. The collection of gems and of rings quaries, and croziers; of the last a very fine figures of Victory and another warrior. One of is very large, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman—the specimen in gilt bronze, with blue and red the Etruscan mirrors is especially remarkable rings of gold, silver, amber, glass, ivory, many enamel. The main volute is filled by figures for the brilliant polish of its silvered face, which set with their original gems. A small onyx of St. Michael and the Devil, and the knab is gives a reflection as perfect as that of a modern from a ring has the following inscription cut of open work with interlacing lizard-like looking-glass. Another bronze mirror has its in relief-AETOTCIN AEAOTCIN · AERETACAN • monsters. Three large episcopal combs are handle formed by a most beautiful statuette of OYMEAHMI : “They say whạt they will. Let good specimens of fourteenth-century ivorySpes holding a bud in her right hand, the left them talk. It matters not to me." An Etruscan carving; they have bands of small figures in holding up the side-folds of her chiton; on each cylindrical cup is remarkable for the enormous relief, and on one is fixed a silver medallion side are twoflying Cupids arranged with a wonder- size of the elephant's tusk from which it is with a figure of Christ in delicate nello, ful symmetrical grace. A large bronze Etruscan carved-no less than seven inches and a half in There are also many ivory plaques of the lamp, circular in form, with radiating nozzles diameter; it is covered outside with bands in twelfth to the fifteenth centuries, carved with for the wicks, is a masterpiece of later Etruscan relief of ships, warriors, and beasts, with sacred subjects in low relief. Some of the art, showing strong Hellenic influence ; in the sphinxes and chimaerae, most delicately silver reliquaries are of great importance . centre is a most beautiful mask of Medusa. The executed in a highly decorative way. Two One consists of a large silver statuette of an whole resembles the celebrated lamp in the massive gold bracelets of sixth-century angel, with wide-spreading wings, holding in Etruscan Museum of Florence. Among the Byzantine work, found in Egypt, are quite his hands a silver casket-a fine specimen of late archaic statuettes is an interesting figure of unique in design, and perfect in preserva- fourteenth-century work. Perhaps the most Hermes Criophoros, such as the one that Pau- tion. They each consist of a wide gold band, important is a large reliquary of silver-gilt, sanias saw at Tanagra—a standing figure filled with repoussé and chased birds and hexagonal in form, on a tall stem, and covered bearing a ram on his shoulders : a type which foliage, pierced through so as to form an open with a spire on which stands a statuette of St. was afterwards adapted by the Christians as a pattern, and have a large medallion in gold, Catherine of Alexandria. The sides of the representation of the Good Shepherd. A fine repoussé with a half-length of the Madonna, main hexagonal part are formed by silver Etruscan group, from the lid of a cista, repre- with hands upraised in blessing-very splendid plates, four having minute niello pictures of sents winged figures of Death and Sleep carrying pieces of goldsmith's work belonging to a scenes from the life of the Saint, very gracethe body of Sarpedon, modelled with great period of which very few specimens are now fully composed and most delicate in execution

. spirit and refinement. A beautiful minute known.

On one of the plates is a long inscription statuette of Ares is almost a copy of the fine To the beginning of the fourteenth century recording the fact that it was made to contain figure from Lake Falterona now in the British belongs a very graceful statuette in white part of one of St. Catherine's arm-bones, and Museum. Among the works in bronze of later marble of the Virgin and Child, nearly two that it was made in 1496 by Raphaello Grimaldi

. Greek art is a lovely statuette, full of tender feet high, in the style of Giovanni Pisano, Three very large silver processional crosses are grace, representing Priapus holding in his lap bearing much resemblance to the lovely ivory of much importance in the history of Italian a baby Cupid, who stretches out his hands like statuette of the Madonna by him now pre- work in the precious metals. One, dated 1430

, the boy Dionysos on the arm of Praxiteles's served in the sacristy of Pisa Cathedral. In has on one side the crucifix and the symbols of Hermes.

terra-cotta there is a very delicate relief of the the four Evangelists, and on the other a seated Among the large number of fine Etruscan Madonna surrounded by angels, probably figure of Christ between the Virgin and St. figures in terra-cotta are several fully armed Florentine work of about the middle of the John, with an angel above and below. In warriors, about eighteen inches high, in fifteenth century, but having something of style of workmanship this noble piece of silvergreat variety of pose, carefully modelled in a Venetian richness in the

canopy and work much resembles the great silver altarhard dry style, much resembling the giant other accessories. Its very slight relief frontal in Pistoia Cathedral. "Another, of about overthrown by Athene on the Selinus metope. suggests the school of Donatello, but the the same date, has figures of the Madonna and All the details of the armour are most care- character of the Virgin's face is quite Child and saints. All are of repoussé work

, fully rendered and heightened with colour. unlike his

Some bronze hand- and have had enrichments in translucent The glass objects of Phoenician and Hellenic bells of the beginning of the sixteenth century enamels, now mostly gone. The third has on workmanship are very rich and beautiful. Some are remarkable examples of richly decorative the reverse a figure of Christ in majesty among small oenochoai, of deep-blue glass with yellow design, and fine “ cire perdue” casting. They the evangelistic symbols; it is of most delicate handles, are of the most graceful Greek forms. are ornamented with shields of their owner's work and beautiful design, and is dated Some cameo fragments carved, like the Portland arms, festoons of flowers, and floreated bands. 1486. Chalices, crismatories, incense boxes vase, in layers of different coloured glass are One of them has almost

microscopic medallions, and almost every possible utensil for church of gem-like beauty. One remarkable fragment with heads of Roman Emperors modelled with use are represented by specimens of great of a vase appears to be Egyptian of the gem-like minuteness.

beauty. Ptolemaic period; it has a figure of Isis, and The mediaeval part of this collection con- In no branch of artistic objects is the collecthe sacred vulture carved in white on a blue tains a few very important pictures-one, tion more rich than in its pottery: The ground. A curious specimen of Roman glass from the Barker Collection, by Ant. Pollaiuolo, Damascus and Rhodian ware rivals the Henderis the bottom of a bowl, into which is melted perhaps for delicacy of execution and wonderson

Collection in the British Museum ; and in a fine bronze medallion of Nero, completely ful state of preservation the finest known maiolica of all dates, from the early lustred work in glass of Graeco-Phoenician work is the Madonna, holding in front of her the infant the later istoriati pieces of Urbino and Faenza, quite unique ; a lotus flower of sectile work on Christ standing on a table. The deep, rich there is equal wealth of exceptionally fins a variegated green ground, above a band of colouring of the crimson-and-blue dress of specimens.

One plate of fine Pesaro ware minute patterns inlaid in glass enamels, is the Madonna is of wonderful depth and dating about 1520,* is specially interesting for perhaps the richest specimen of glass mosaic brilliance. A festoon of roses hangs behind its painted representation of all the objects ever discovered.

her head, and she wears rings and brooch of required by the maiolica potter in " throwing." The objects in gold and silver are of the most gold and pearls, all painted with miniature- his pots on the wheel. The wheel, with 8, pot wonderful beauty. A dagger of gilt bronze, like delicacy. with handle of silver

enriched with a large gold Verrocchio in black velvet dress and cap, hold- of water in which to dip his hands, the balls of knob, is remarkable for its perfect preservation ing a crayon in his hand, is interesting as being clay ready for use, and

other objects are care Mariette Bey attached by a papyrus cord

to the He wears a gold jewel round his neck, and much as they are shown in Piccolpasso's celem wrist of the mummy of Aah-mes,

probably round the setting of it, in minute gold letters, brated illustrated MS. on the secrets of maiolica Amosis, a king of the XVIIIth Dynasty. A is inscribed LORENZO " DI CREDI 1505. There manufacture now in the South Kensington

manner.

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