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character is not properly pointed out. These venient) word aphetized, which he employs prosperous in Nottinghamshire for several

deficiencies, however, are probably common to frequently in his etymological remarks. centuries, "producing a bishop, two judges, all existing English dictionaries, and the We reserve for a second notice the etym- many knights of the shire and military compresent work certainly contains an abundance ology and phonology. Meanwhile, we may manders, two authors, and a traitor." But, of idiomatic phrases which we should fail to briefly say that in these departments, as in at last, in the lavish days of Elizabeth and find in its predecessors. Among these we those already discussed, this opening part of James I., there succeeded å "valiant consumer note the expression “adventure school,” which the “Great Dictionary fully satisfies the of his estate." Sir Robert Markham, of we had thought to be a coinage of the last high expectations which have been formed Cotham, was “a fatal unthrift and destroyer few years, but which is here illustrated by a respecting it. It is earnestly to be hoped of this eminent family.” Its place in Nottingquotation dated as far back as 1834.

that the work will be carried to its conclusion hamshire knew it no more. It had too much The most valuable feature of the new in a manner worthy of this brilliant com- vitality, however, to remain long in obscurity; Dictionary is of course its wealth of illus- mencement.

HENRY BRADLEY. and Sir Robert's great-grandson, Major trative quotations, and the skill with which

William Markham, paved the way to the these have been arranged so as to exhibit the

complete restoration of its fallen fortunes by successive changes of form and meaning A Naval Career during the Old War : being his unselfish devotion to his children, and which the words have undergone since the

a Narrative of the Life of Admiral John

especially by the care which he bestowed time of their earliest appearance in English.

Markham. (Sampson Low.)

upon his eldest son, the future Archbishop, The examples, as already stated, are placed STORIES of the old war time at the end of the who was described by so competent a under the definition which they severally last and the beginning of the present centuries judge as the learned Dr. Parr as possessing illustrate, the original sense of the words can never fail to stimulate the patriotism and“ powers of mind, reach of thought, memory, being first explained, the derivative senses excite the enthusiasm of English readers; learning, scholarship, and taste of the very following in the order of their logical descent. and the narrative of Admiral Markham's first order.” The passages relating to this In the case of words of foreign origin, it does career is exceedingly interesting if regarded truly great man are by no means the least not always happen that the original English merely as a page of naval history. It has, interesting part of the book. sense of a word is that indicated by its etym- however, a double claim to welcome from the John Markham entered the navy, at the ology, as such words were often first intro- reading public on account of the insight age of thirteen years and nine months, in duced in some technical acceptation, which which it gives us into the lives of some of the 1774, and saw much active service during was afterwards extended in accordance with most prominent men of the period. Admiral the American War of Independence. The the wider meaning of the Latin or other Markham was employed for a quarter of a Archbishop's brother was at that time in original. In these cases the editor has varied century afloat during very stirring times, and command of the 46th Regiment, and his bis mode of treatment according to the cir-afterwards for a similar period in Parliament description of the fighting near New cumstances. Under the word Advent the and in office. He was engaged in scenes and York gives an excellent idea of the course ecclesiastical and religious senses of the word at places which are historically interesting, of events on shore. Young Markham reare mentioned first, and it is afterwards and his parliamentary and official career is turned home from the West Indies when pointed out that it has been in later times identified with measures which were im- peace was proclaimed between England and applied to “any important or epoch-making portant at the time, and are worthy of careful France in 1782, and was promoted to the arrival,” and “poetically or grandiloquently attention now. There is naturally much in rank of post-captain in January 1783. His to any arrival." This order is justified by such a life which makes a knowledge of it age was then only twenty-one years and the fact that the earlier applications of the useful; and, though Admiral Markham char- | a-half; but he had bec word have given a colour to its subsequent acteristically declined to supply materials for by incessant cruising, often in very severe extension of meaning. In the article Annun- a biographical notice in the Naval Chronicle, weather, and by commanding prizes. He had ciation a different course has been followed, he seems to have been willing that his papers learned the duties and responsibilities of an the etymological sense of the word being first should be utilised in the time to come. At officer, and had won the esteem and regard given, and afterwards its applications to the all events, he methodically preserved, docketed, of the captains and admirals under whom he church festival and to the event which it and arranged all his official correspondence, had served. He had also specially distinguished commemorates, although these technical senses and a considerable selection from his private himself at the siege of Charleston and in the are of earlier occurrence in English.

letters; and it is mainly from the papers action in the Chesapeake Bay. Soon after the Exception may perhaps be taken to the so preserved and arranged that this volume siege of Charleston, he received news of the frequent introduction of examples

from pub- has been prepared. The result is a tone of great danger to which his father and family lications of the last two or three years, which unmistakable freshness and realism. The men had been exposed during the anti-Catholic may seem to savour too much of the affecta- who were at work in our places a hundred riots in 1780, and a very graphic description tion of " bringing the work down to the years ago are brought before us as living of these disgraceful scenes is contained it latest date.” It should be remembered, how- realities. We are enabled to see the kind of a letter from the Archbishop to his son, ever, that in a few years many words now work they had to do and how they did it, to During the breathing-time which followed current will probably have become obsolete or share their aspirations and hopes, to contem- the American War, Capt. Markham spent thre changed in sense, and in such instances these plate their homes, and even to enter into their pleasant years in the Mediterranean in comm latest examples will be of especial value to home feelings, with as close a sympathy as mand of the Sphinx; and then followed a students of the history of the language. We if they still moved in our midst.

We if they still moved in our midst. It is interval of half-pay. When the long wa have noted one or two cases in which useless not often that we can do this. “ The great- broke out in 1793, he was again activel or misleading quotations are given, or in grandsires of most of us, and even many employed under Howe and Jervis

, but w which examples are ranged under wrong historical personages of those days, are mere invalided home from the West Indies in 179 heads. Under Advertiser, the title “Morning shadows now-names marking dates, and and in the following year married the Ho Advertiser” is quoted, with the date 1882 nothing more ;” and the author may well Maria Rice, sister of Lord Dynevor. The (why not still later ?). This conveys a wrong believe that

, when materials have been pre- were stirring times in the Navy, howere impression, as the signification which it is served which tell the life-story of one such, and his services were not long dispensed with intended to exemplify was obsolete long before the labour of arranging and condensing them In March 1797 he received the command. the time here indicated. In the article is generally well spent.” When, as in the the Centaur, a fine seventy-four-gun ship Amour the extracts from Chaucer and from present instance, this labour is performed and soon afterwards had to sit on the court R. Burney given under the first definition with unvarying tact and

discretion, combined martial which followed the

Mutiny at th really belong to the second. It is rather with literary ability of a high order, we may Nore. After

this painful duty, he took a amusing to find that the only authority well congratulate ourselves on such an excep- active part in the Minorca expedition and th adduced for Anamorphose is a quotation from tional opportunity of becoming acquainted blockades of Cadiz and Brest—avery severe an "J. A. H. Murray, in Mill Hill Mag. iv. 79." with our predecessors.

dangerous service, for which he received or When Part II. of the Dictionary appears, we

Admiral Markham was the second son of Dr. of the gold medals presented by Lord $ shall see whether Dr. Murray is able to quote William Markham, Archbishop of York, the Vincent to those officers who had served unde any precedent for the (certainly very con- head of a family which was influential and him, and with whose conduct he was mol

ne a thorough sailor pleased. In 1801, Lord St. Vincent accepted opportunities may hereafter develop a purely ventional ethnographic type which reproduces the office of First Lord of the Admiralty, scientific school of American Egyptology ; but, with remarkable fidelity the general cast of and Capt. Markham was selected as one of the in the meanwhile, pioneers could take no safer features prevailing even to this day among Naval Lords—afurther proof of the high esteem point of departure than the Biblical platform. the natives of Palestine. in which he was held by his chief. Lord St. It may be conjectured that these pioneers start The American Oriental Society holds its Vincent's administration was distinguished under certain disadvantages; that their public meetings, apparently, twice a year—in October by those splendid triumphs which confirmed libraries are probably poor in Egyptological at New Haven, and in May at Boston. The the naval supremacy of England, and anni- works, and that the students themselves have memoirs and discussions are of a very high hilated the squadrons of France, Spain, and yet, perhaps, to become familiar with the order of scholarship and of exceeding interest, Holland, as well as by important reforms in relative value of such books as those libraries ranging over the whole field of Oriental the civil departments of the Navy. In this contain. Merely to know which guides to research, from Egyptology and Assyriology to great work Admiral Markham played a trust and which to doubt, merely to distin- Indian, Chinese, Japanese, Siamese, and distinguished part. He carried a Bill for guish between the progressive and the sta- Thibetan literature. In the last number of the appointment of a Commission of Naval tionary, demands a long critical experience. the society's Proceedings I must especially Inquiry, which led to the exposure of a host One frequently looks in vain for evidences of note Prof. I. H. Hall's important paper on of abuses, and he introduced measures which that experience in the writings of American “A Temple of Zeus Labranios in Cyprus were productive of permanent good. He scholars whose industry and general learning (Zeus of the Axe), and the Rev. J. P. Peters’s retired from office when the Government are beyond question. It is necessary, in fact, memoir on the “ Origin of the Phoenician known as “All the Talents" went out in that they should more clearly grasp the Alphabet.” Egyptologists will not, however, 1807, but he continued to represent Ports- importance of going direct to original sources agree with the last named scholar in regarding month in Parliament, with only one interrup- for their information, and of keeping abreast De Rouge's discovery of the derivation of that tion, until 1826. He died at Naples in 1827 with the higher periodical literature of alphabet from the hieratic script as “a still at the age of sixty-five years and eight Egyptology.

unproved theory." months.

The author of Ancient Egypt in the Light Mdme. Lee-Childe is neither chronological, This admirable narrative is a fitting of Modern Discoveries tells us that he has ethnological, nor Biblical. She is not parmemorial of the work and worth of a zealous - long been a student of Egyptian history and ticular as to the era of Mena. Neither does and single-minded public servant and a loyal archaeology,” and that his studies have been she afflict herself (or us) about the pyramid and warm-hearted man. Lord St. Vincent, pursued not only in the great European inch, the sacred cubit, the astronomical calwho laid the foundation of our modern Navy, museums, but also on the banks of the Nile. culations of Biot, or the precise value of the and who was certainly not given to indis- The result comes to us in the form of a well- final vowel sound in proper names. She is criminate praise, wrote to Mr. Grenville :- filled and pleasantly written volume, in which simply an intelligent, observant, highly "* You will find in Markham firmness and the arts, the monuments, and the history of educated gentlewoman, of whom it is scarcely integrity to the backbone, happily combined Ancient Egypt are severally discussed ; the too much to say that she is a French Lady with ability, diligence, and zeal.” That his reigns and dynasties being briefly epitomised Duff Gordon. Ňdme. Lee-Childe has as rapid name does not stand out more prominently in from Brugsch and Lenormant, and the religion and elegant a pen as the celebrated author of his generation is due to the fact that his from Le Page Renouf. The ethnic and Letters from Egypt. Her touch is as light; fearless denunciation of abuses made him chronological problems are lucidly and care- her sympathies are as quick; her good breedt'zemies ; but “he is an example of one who fully stated, the chapter devoted to the last- ing is as perfect. She does not tell us that did the work he found before him with all named subject being by far the best in the these pages are reprints of private letters ; his might, without self-seeking and without book. It is to be hoped that Prof. Osborn in but it is impossible not to recognise in them fear,” and “such an example can never be his second edition will correct the errors of the ring of the best epistolary style. Her wholly without its use to others.” It is only the first, which are too numerous. With descriptions of Cairo bazaars, mosques, hareems, Becessary to add that the book is well illus- more study, however, and a wider range of streets; of Nile scenery; of the fellaheen, trated with sketch maps, and that the text references, this volume may yet take rank as the children, the camels, the asses, the vils enriched with copious notes. It contains a a valuable hand-book.

lages, the pigeons, the palms, the ruins, the large amount of varied information, and no I do not know that I can pay Mr. Kittredge's desert, are like the sketches of an accome can fail to derive genuine pleasure as Inaugural Address a higher compliment than plished amateur-sketches rapidly pencilled, Tell as instruction from its perusal.

to liken it, for breadth, brilliancy, and accu- with bits of careful detail and touches of GEORGE T. TEMPLE. racy, to the Lectures of M. Alexandre Ber-colour delicately put in here and there. Such

trand. Even as regards style, I am reminded sketches often charm us more than the masterly of the incisive brevity and the master- studies of the professional artist. Thrown method of the great French archaeologist. by the happy accident of travel among the

Mr. Kittredge is secretary of the Chautauqua most distinguished company of savants on the Ancient Egypt in the Light of Modern Dis- Archaeological Society, which appears to have Nile, Mdme. Lee-Childe enjoyed the precious soteries. By Prof. H. s. Osborn.

(Cin-founded a lectureship for the purpose of pre- opportunity of seeing Karnak and Luxor and cinnati: Clarke.)

senting its members with an annual digest of the Valley of the Tombs of the Kings under Bible History in the Light of Modern Research. the results of modern research in their rela- very learned auspices. In profiting by what

By J. E. Kittredge. (New York: Geneseo.) tion to Bible history. Upon this important she so heard and learned, she has had the rare
Proceedings of the American Oriental Society. topic Mr. Kittredge tells us that“ Chautauqua tact to enrich her narrative without marring
Boston and New Haven.)
demands the latest reliable facts, the freshest its unaffected plicit

Even In Hiver au Caire. Par Madame Lee-Childe. herself abreast of the age.” To many of us still charming, and always—or almost always

word from the monuments, that she may keep when she touches upon archaeology she is (Paris : Lévy.)

Chautauqua, though not far from the city of —correct. Of what professed Egyptologist Iz is impossible not to watch with interest New York, is probably a terra incognita ; but would one venture to say so much? But the growing earnestness with which the study with such legitimate aspirations, and with so what Egyptologist would ever have thought of Egyptology is being taken up by thought- able a lecturer to satisfy them, this town with of comparing a long-eyed, melancholy Nubian ful Americans. It was to be expected that the difficult name is certainly in no danger of beauty, rich in adornments of “ barbaric pearl the Biblical, rather than the archaeological or lagging behind the age. Would, however, and gold,” to a Madonna of the Byzantine philological aspect of the science would that Mr. Kittredge had not revived Cham- school? What Egyptologist would have had arliest attract Transatlantic students, and pollion's exploded reading of Judah-Melek, the quick eye and the quick wit to see in the that the majority of those first disciples or followed Cardinal Wiseman's lead in withered mummy-head of Pinotem I. a likehould consequently be students of divinity. recognising a special “ Hebrew physiognomy” ness to the philosopher of Ferney? Yet that This is so far fortunate, since it vests the in the head of the Karnak shield-bearer! That likeness is so startling that, being pointed out, abject in the hands of scholars whose pre- head is but one among 101, all representing one marvels how it should not have been vious studies have in some measure prepared Syrian and Sinaitic captives, all precisely observed before. there for the work.

Time and improved alike, and all modelled according to a con- “Pénétrant avec M. Maspero derrière la bar

SOVE BOOKS ON EGYPT AND EGYPTOLOGY.

and grace.

I

6 Last

rière qui sépare de la curiosité du public cette was delivered as a lecture at Dublin in 1866. Blushing she eyes the dizzy flood askance; royale compagnie, il soulève pour nous les toiles It is needless to state that it is already well

To stop ashamed—too timid to advance; qui enveloppent la tête du roi Pinotem. Il me known as an able contribution to our sonnet

She ventures once again- another pause ! semble voir le masque ricanant de Voltaire. literature, and it bas been altered and revised

His outstretched hand he tauntingly with. Elle est d'un effet saisissant, noircie, desséchée: to meet the requirements of the present

draws

She sues for help with piteous utterance ! Avec ses cheveux bruns, ses dents usées, qui

Chidden, she chides again; the thrilling touch apparaissent entre les lèvres amincies, elle garde volume. We must, however, point out that in

Both feel, when he renews the wished-for aid: encore une expression effrayunte de vie” (p. 42). the following respects further alteration

Ah! if their fluttering hearts sbould stir too much, But I must not venture further upon the would scem to be necessary. It contains no

Should beat too strongly, both may be

betrayed. pleasant paths of quotation, or, in truth, I allusion to Sir Thomas Wyatt, who introduced

the Sonnet into England when, as Mr. The frolic Loves, who, from yon high rock, see should not know where to stop. AMELIA B. EDWARDS. Deshler has shown, the Earl of Surrey could

The struggle, clap their wings for victory!" only have been about fourteen years of age. It may be added that the book is all that And although it refers to the sonnets of could be wished as regards binding, and is

Tennyson, and also quotes one by Lord | very tastefully printed; but the best version The Sonnets of William Wordsworth. With Houghton, it does not mention those by Mrs. of the sonnets is not always given. This

an Essay on the History of the English Browning Dante Gabriel Rossetti, or Mr. would appear to be owing to their having Sonnet by the Archbishop of Dublin. Matthew Arnold. These are strange omis- been reprinted from the 1838 cclition, and (Suttaby.)

sions. Again, it makes a passing reference to several of them were subsequently not only This book will prove a pleasant companion to Hayley, Anna Seward, and Charlotte Smith; altered, but, in many instances, greatly immany readers and admirers of Wordsworth. but Shelley's “Ozymandias," and his other proved. The sonnet beginning “ It is a It is, indeed, somewhat surprising that the famous sonnet, beginning "Ye hasten to the beauteous evening, calm and free," is a case sonnets of one who has been called “our dead! what seek ye there," are not mentioned. in point.

SAMUEL WADDINGTON. greatest English sonneteer” should not have Nor is there any allusion to Keats' been put forth in a separate volume for so Sonnet,” though the one which ends with the many years. With regard to the majority terrible couplet and the terrible rhyme- Military Italy. By Charles Martel. (Macof our poets, the small number of their com

-“as those whose sobbings

millan.) positions in this form of verse has necessarily Werc heard of none beside the mournful robins

UNDER the pseudonym of “Charles Martel" prevented their being published by themselves. is quoted in extenso.

an officer of the Intelligence Department Thus Milton, for instance, only wrote eighteen On the other hand, nothing could be wiser of the War Office has written a very insonnets, and those by Keats do not exceed or more pertinent than the Archbishop's portant, and indeed an almost exhaustive

, fifty, whereas there are upwards of four observations respecting the sonnets of Words account of the military resources of the hundred sonnets by Wordsworth in this collec-worth. “What a noble record,” he writes, youngest of the Great Powers. The work i tion. Moreover, these four hundred are so

“of the temper of England's noblest sons in of special value to the technical student, bu varied in subject and sentiment, as Sir Henry that agony of England's fate we possess in portions of it are also of considerable interest Taylor has pointed out, that they do not these · Sonnets to Liberty' of which I speak to the general reader. weary the reader by perverse repetitions or for in his hands, also, as in Milton's before The first chapter consists of an essay or continued harping on one string. After the him, the thing became a trumpet.'” A “ The Italy of To-day," and gives a fair idea “Miscellaneous" series follow the “ Political,” great poet who has recently been taken from of the political aspect of the present warlike or “Sonnets to Liberty” (to our mind the us observed a few years ago that a “reticence condition of the country. Next is given a finest series of all); and these, again, are suc- almost invariably present was fatal in his "Summary of Recent Military Reforms. ceeded by the “ Itinerary Sonnets,” the eyes to the highest pretensions on behalf of Under this head the various laws under whic

) “River Duddon series, and the “Ecclesi- Wordsworth's sonnets. But is not this very military service is regulated are clearl astical Sketches.” Nor is the general excel- reticence an essential part of that “chastened enunciated. The subjects of recruiting an lence of at least one-half of them to be fervour” for which they have been praised numerical strength are then handled ; and i questioned, although there are, perhaps, only by others? And, in truth, there is no special connexion there with much valuable statistic about fifty which may be classed among the reticence noticeable when the poet cries aloud information is afforded, not only concernin poet's best work. The number, however, of in passionate scorn,

the Italian army, but also in regard to t. those that are palpably defective either in

“ Great God! I'd rather be

armies of Germany, Austria, Russia, un “ fundamental brainwork” (to use Rossetti's A Pagan suckled in a creed outworn;"

France. We are told that during the la phrase) or as regards execution is incon- or when, addressing Milton, he exclaims, fourteen years no less than thirty per cent. siderable. Yet even among the rightly dis

England hath need of thee; she is a fen the Italian conscripts have been found un praised “ Ecclesiastical” sonnets there are

Of stagnant waters ;"

to serve on account of physical reasons oth many above the average standard of ordinary or, again, when, in 1802, he writes,

than low stature. In regard to the questi sonneteers. The two best known of these are,

“No grandeur now in nature or in book

of reserves Charles Martel says :doubtless, that on Walton's “Book of Lives,

Delights us. Rapine, avarice, expense, and the one on King's College Chapel, begin

" Public opinion leans on a broken reed wh This is idolatry; and these we adore.

it trusts to the material assistance of reservi ning “Tax not the royal Saint with vain It is quite true that the poet of Rydal did who have spent a number of years in e expense;" but the following, which we not build himself a “lordly pleasure-house" employment, and in rapidly forgetting all t choose almost at random, will suffice to in- of song, but chose rather to inhabit his own has been so laboriously dinned into them duri dicate their worth:

their active service. "pensive citadel ” of poetic thought. Sage “ Ye, too, must fly before a chasing hand, and sedate, perhaps too sedate, his words instruction they so evidently require be give Angels and Saints, in every hamlet mourned ! were usually those of a thinker and philosopher they are being passed to the front, or in

In the heavily laden railway-waggons, wl Ah! if the old idolatry be spurned,

expressed in poetry, and not seldom in poetry crowded transports ?” (p. 86). Let not your radiant Shapes desert the Land : Her adoration was not your demand,

of the highest order. But, although his muse The fond heart proffered it-the servile heart; was, as a rule, staid and stern, it could at It is noteworthy that Russia devotes a lar

And therefore are ye summoned to depart, Michael, and thou, St. George, whose flaming almost “vain and amatorious," times be gay and sportive, and occasionally proportion of war expenditure to matérielt

does other of the five Continental milit

any brand

as Milton

Powers. Austria has the greatest proport The dragon quelled ; and valiant Margaret complained was the with Sidney's Whose rival sword a like Opponent slew : Arcadia. In the second of the two sonnets In France the cost of a soldier is most, and

of cavalry to infantry, and Russia the small And rapt Cecilia, seraph-haunted Queen entitled “The Stepping-Stones," which we Of harmony; and weeping Magdalene,

Austria least. It would appear

that quote from the “River Duddon" series, tbis Who in the penitential desert met Gales sweet as those that over Eden blew !” lighter vein in the poet's work is pleasantly present strength of the Italian army may

reckoned at 886,000 men, of whom 630, illustrated :The collection is preceded by an Essay on the

belong to the active army and mobile mili “ History of the English Sonnet by Arch- “ Not so that pair whose youthful spirits dance and 256,000 to the territorial militia. ]

With prompt emotion, urging them to pass; bishop Trench, the greater portion of which

A sweet confusion checks the Shepherd-lass;

the author remarks later on: "A fut

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NEW NOVELS.

invasion of Italy will be rash if not prepared Italians should have preserved these old ensure it a better home than the Foundling to eventually cope with a million of well- fortresses, for such places do not necessarily Hospital he allows his mother and his gossips armed and well-disciplined soldiers” (p. 110). detain troops from the field, since the greater to believe that La Fortunina is his own Proceeding to the consideration of “The War portion of their garrisons may consist of men illegitimate child. Pietro's amiable weakFormations of the Army," the organisation of untrained and unfit for field service.

nesses, his doting fondness for his mother, the various arms and supply branches is The concluding chapters deal with mobilisa- and his love for his adopted daughter bring minutely portrayed.

Among

the various tion, the military geography of Italy, and the him endless woes, which, if not quite Homeric, heads dealt with are the staff, the territorial defences of the North-west and North-east are sufficiently complicated and hard to be organisation, the supply of small arms and frontiers respectively. The work is supplied borne.

The one

causes his betrothal to ammunition, the equipment, the commissariat, with a map showing the territorial distribu- Teresina della Fontana, a heartless and merand the transport arrangements. The great tion of the army, and also the various cenary coquette, although his own heart is war magazines of the kingdom are at Turin, fortresses and fortified towns. The whole with a mysterious beauty whom he has seen Florence

, and Naples. It would appear that treatise provides valuable food for reflection dancing on the green at Casella Fair; the the intendance, supply, and transport services to those who take an intelligent interest in other leads to the rejection of his suit, not to are not at present in a very efficient state. the military problems of the day. It would speak of physical violence worse than a box The character, training, and tactics of the seem unquestionable that the Italians are not on the ear at the hands of the woman who, Italian soldiers are then discussed, and in by nature a military nation, and that their after all, turns out to be—but it would be conjunction therewith much useful informa- army must necessarily be wanting in that unfair to indicate how an ugly scandal develops tion is furnished concerning the Alpine cohesion which is given by traditions and war- into a pretty romance. Pietro Paggi is troops and their warlike habits.

like associations. With the exception of the really a very fine fellow, who takes the reader In the chapter on railways and fortresses, old Sardinian forces, the whole of the army of La Fortunina by storm in the first chapter; the various fortifications and defences of the is new, and it cannot possibly as yet have and at the end of the third volume the country, both landward and seaward, are fully acquired much tone. However, a very mysterious, meteoric Vittoria Vite proves not investigated, and some of the writer's com- patriotic spirit appears to pervade the nation ; less deserving of sympathy. All the ments thereon are of great value. In refer- and it can hardly be doubted that in a purely secondary personages that revolve round Pietro ence to an idea which has been suggested of defensive campaign the army would not be and Vittoria are well drawn; Marrina, the converting Bologna into a huge fortified found wanting.

A. PARNELL. motherly Genoese greengroceress, in parcamp, capable of receiving the whole army

ticular, is a charming sketch. Carlo Strappa, destined to defend the Trans-Appenine frontier

the “Americano " and Don Giovanni, who astonishes the natives of his village with the

wealth he has secured abroad, is the single un* Later campaigns in Europe do not seem to La Fortunina. By Mrs. Comyns Carr. In 3 satisfactory figure in La Fortunina ; one never advise the erection of a huge army trap in a vols. (Sampson Low.)

seems to meet him in the flesh. He recalls the position where a magazine-fortress, a fortified bridge-head

, or a tête-de-défilé would not only Mr. Nobody. By Mrs. J. K. Spender. In scoundrel of the comedietta that precedes the suffice, but be of incalculably superior value." 3 vols. (Hurst & Blackett.)

play in a drawing-room theatre, and occupies

the stage for half-an-hour. He does terrible In the light of the great Metz capitulation The Perfect Path. By Elizabeth Glaister. In things behind the scenes, and everybody on of 1870 this observation contains much truth, 2 vols. (Smith, Elder, & Co.)

the stage speaks of and against him, yet the for if ever a country was ruined by the Caught in a Snare. By Mrs. Houston. In audience never sees him. existence of its fortified camp that country 3 vols. (White.) was France, and that camp was Metz. It is

The central incident in Mr. Nobody is painful , however, to learn later on in this Dr. Heidenhoff"Process. By Edward Bel- rather trite. A

homo returns to chapter that the Italians are actually at the

lamy. (Edinburgh : David Douglas.) his native place to exact vengeance on the present time forming their capital, Rome, into Soldiers' Stories and Sailors' Yarns. (W. H. persons who have by cruelty and injustice Obe these imbecile traps ; that they are, in Allen.)

embittered his childhood and warped his fact , imitating the French, who, in spite of Mrs. Comens Carr's new work possesses very

whole nature. Mrs. Spender, however, sucthe Tere lesson taught them by Metz and high artistic merits. The simple country-folk ceeds in giving an air of originality to this 7. different degroe) by Paris as well and market-people of North Italy who figure old story. To begin with, it is a novelty to daring their last great conflict with Germany, in La Fortunina are true children of its soil make Rouben Sellwood, or “ Mr. Nobody, ist now busily engaged in preparing future and its sun, and not English peasants, milk- ruin his own brother. Then Mrs. Spender lister by making the latter city a sort of maids, and such like in disguise and tempor makes Reuben a realiy original and vigorous

plze ultra of fortified camps with a peri- arily lodged in the farmhouses between Genoa personality, who, moreover, improves as the meter of no less than seventy miles. The and Turin. To a certain extent, Mrs. Carr story proceeds, “ both morally and intellectpelat's theory as to the uselessness of the challenges comparison with

Ouida;" but ually" as the popular

lecturer would put al taeinte fortresses, of which there still she does not trouble us with unwholesome it. Reuben fights an election well, and figures erit a large number

, seems more open to passions or heavy-shotted preachings.. e spor still better when, brought face to face with bition . He suggests an imaginary attack of does she crowd Her canvas; "all her portraits the companions

of his questionable past, he of these places, and he attempts to show are carefully drawn and, with one exception, turns at bay and bids them do their worst

. their escarps could easily and quickly be are satisfactory. Above all things, there is Geoffrey Sellwood is not so interesting as his hed. But he entirely ignores the possi- not a line of careless or strenuous writing in father; his pride and his economical

heresies of the defenders mounting some very these three volumes.

But he, too, will

Even when worthy are decidedly tiresome. ant guns on the ramparts of these escarps, Pietro Paggi attains the summit of his hopes, is undertaken, at the end of the third volume,

improve, one is certain, since his improvement x the fire of these guns making the breach- and finds at last within his reach the woman process a work of perhaps considerable time, who has so long filled his heart and imagina- | by the very amiable young lady who has se je the obligation under which it puts the stars in heaven, her mouth is incredikant of Nobody is not all compact, and Mrs. Spender the main use of any permanent

fortifica- than the discovery that her eyes are like the is by far Mrs. Spender's best character. Mr. a nege train of more or less magnitude, are like the soft leaf of the tea-rose that possessor of the place of bringing cold water on a hot summer's day, her cheeks should spare us some of her vague enthusiasms

and crude theories; but it is full of promise

grows sk placing his siege-guns and ammunition upon the walls of the house that he has left

and force. il saborately prepared and carefully pro- behind him.” Mrs. Comyns Carr has treated A Perfect Path is a duel between Apollyon

This is the first a very peculiar subject in a very delicate and Christian, which extends over two ed est important half of the siege ; and the fushion. "Pietro Paggi, a countryman on his volumes printed in large type. Apollyon is creating element of disadvantage which it way to market at Genoa with his cabbages | Monte Carlo, with its firtations, gambling, patiks on the besieger is that of delay. It and his lettuces, saves a female child. La and slang Christian is Southshire, with its **** then, to be wondered at that the Fortuninn” of the story from drowning. To lawn-tennis proprieties, its model vicar, and

notU8

teradesigns of vantage.

are

its model lover, who adores and is inspired by unpleasant or unwholesome tale in the whole. part, which treats of officials and offices for the model vicar. Christian triumphs, of There are at least animal spirits and Irish charity: The best part of the volume is that course; in other words, Cordelia Ashby gives humour in “True to the Core."

part of the third section which discusses the up Mentone, allows George Kingdon, her

WILLIAM WALLACE.

incompatibility of the imperial system with

Christianity, and shows how inevitable it was admirer there, to poison himself with chloral,

that they should fight to the death, and in and settles in Southshire as Mrs. Mayne

what marked contrast their institutions and Wastel, the devoted admirer of good vicars,

RECENT THEOLOGY.

methods stood to each other. The accumula. and of Philip Odiarne, the best of them all, Christian Charity in the Ancient Church. By tion of solid facts at the close makes that par who has become Bishop of Assiniboine. G. Uhlhorn. Translated from the German, of the book very convenient for reference, al Apollyon is, however, by far the more pic- with the Author's sanction, by Sophia Taylor. giving a trustworthy summary of result turesque and real personage. The Monte (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.) This book and methods ; but it is more like an inde: Carlo scenes are the only tolerable ones in is a careful and learned, if somewhat dry, than an essay, and owes nothing to charms o the book; the rest are forced and farcical. monograph on a subject which, always inter- style. A Duncan Lichfield figures in A Perfect Path. the public attention than perhaps at any pre- of its series of

esting in itself, is just at present more before THE S. P. C. K. has issued two more volume He is intended to be “an officer and a vious time, so deeply does the question of the Readers,” being St. Hilary of Poitiers and St

“ The Fathers for Englis! Christian ;” but he is “ very rummy," as his condition of the proletariate stir men's minds Martin of Tours, by Chancellor Cazenove, and outspoken sister-in-law Cordelia terms him in in every European country, and also in those St. John of Damascus, by the Rev. J. H. Lupton her hoydenish, heathenish days. He is a cari- States of the American Union where the pres- These same gentlemen have previously deal cature; but whether of a Fifth Monarchy man sure of population begins to be felt, or where with the same subjects in Smith's Dictionary of or of a modern Salvation Army sergeant it manufactures of fluctuating demand are carried Christian Biography, and the present volumes would be difficult to say. on upon a great scale. It is important to know

are simply those former articles expanded and that history tells us of a period when the pro- popularised by the omission of the more techMrs. Houston informs us that she has blem was a larger and more complex one than nical points of scholarship and the amplification written Caught in a Snare with “ the hope

of that we are called to deal with, scarcely any of such episodes as give colour and movemen vindicating by a simple statement of facts the of the palliations of the evil now at work being to the narrative. But we have thus in both case character of a misjudged friend from long- able measure of improvement was effected of the subjects on the part of the two author

a warrant for first-hand and independent stud standing and unjust aspersions. Her book within a comparatively short time by the new who should in that case have been printed for agency which appeared on the scene when the men's labours, as is too often the case with

not mere compilers from other private circulation only. It is a very bad Christian Church set itself to contend with the the writers of books intended to make par specimen of

a very

bad" class of novel. It is social mischiefs of the Roman Empire. Dr. of a popular series. Dr. Cazenove's two bio full of what Mrs. Houston terms “material Uhlhorn divides his book into three main passion;" one scene is hinted at in the amours sections, in the first of which he contrasts

the graphies, depicting two diverse types of energ

-the man who was first and chiefly a theologia of Millicent Carew and Vere Hadleigh

which old and the new methods, devoting the second in an era of controversy, and the man who wa is French in its riskiness, and the reverse of to the age of conflict between the two and above all things ascetic and missionary in

summing up in the third the results attained wild and pagan society–happily contrast an French in its vulgarity. Mrs. Houston's after the victory rested with the Church. In “ladies” and “gentlemen ” indulge in flirta- the first chapter, which he names, with a touch

supplement each other, and form, take tions with the wrong people of course, and of German sentiment that not the less em- understanding that peculiarly complex ant

together, a really helpful guide toward talk choice English like exposy and exquisite bodies a truth, “A World without Love,” he difficult time, the latter half of the fourth French like le premier pas qui conte ; and she points out clearly that the temper which the century, when the break up of the Western surfeits us with “not illiberal displays of ancient Christians, and we ever since, have called Empire' had begun and was in full progress snowy shoulders" and "charms-compressing

caritas was entirely absent from the pagan but not yet consummated. corsets,” and all the rubbish of what is known system of ethics, and that the liberalitas of an volume deals with a figure comparative

ancient Greek or Roman signified something unknown to Western readers who are nt on the other side of the Channel as the quite different and by no means so lofty. He professed scholars, though his influence decolletage school of fiction, the gloating does not deny that a change in this respect was Oriental Christianity may be compared to the over which by female novelists is such a just beginning to creep over the temper of at of Thomas Aquinas in Latin Christendo puzzle to their male mind. When is the least a section of society when the Church was while, besides being the chief formal theologi modern Mrs. Aphra Behn to make her appear- founded, but denies that heathenism could have of mediaeval Greece, he is also of note ance ? We know at least how she would originated any organisation of charity which controversialist against Mohammedanism

would have done effective work. The second dispose of her characters. chapter, somewhat too brief and sketchy for its Mr. Lupton presents him to his readers un

as one of the chief poets of the Eastern Chur Dr. Heidenhoff"& Process is a psychological subject, deals with the provision made for the all these three aspects, though giving less sp study-very painful, very powerful, mystical, poor by the Jewish Church, with which the to the famous Treatise on the Orthodox M and quite American. The process” which author, while allowing that splendid almsgiving was found among the Israelites of the tallised Oriental dogma might seem to requ

than its historical importance as having or gives the name to Mr. Bellamy's short story first century, finds fault as hard and legalised. is the only element of weakness in it. The Chap. ii. is properly a sermonet on the mani

But he has done full justice to John reader who has followed the fortunes of festation of love under the gospel, and thence

hymnodist; and it is saying much that, w poor Madeline Brand with keen and pitying we pass to the foundations and beginnings that prince of translators, John Mason Ne

giving versions of some of his best pieces interest feels himself completely “sold ” when of charitable organisation in the apostolic age.

his own, which accompany them, are well he learns that Dr. Heidenhoff and his system Here, and indeed throughout the work, Dr.

to bear the juxtaposition. of galvanising away morbid thoughts and Uhlhorn is in absolute conflict with the theories disynal memories are but the creations of a

advanced in Mr. Hatch's Bampton Lectures. The Revelation of the Father : Short Lecti drugged brain. Mr. Bellamy's portrait of

He does not appear to have seen Mr. Hatch's on the Titles of the Lord in the Gospel of

volume, and thus there is no controversial John. By B. F. Westcott. (Macmillan.) Madeline Brand, however, his description handling of the questions at issue ; but for that lectures in this volume were to have been a of the unhealthily intense religious life of very reason the contrast of view is all the by Dr. Westcott at Peterborough last sum Neuville, and his narrative of the unequal more striking, and Dr. Uhlhorn's scholarship, as but, owing to what with most charitable retid struggle between honest love and mere passion attested by the copious references to authorities he speaks of as the unexpected breaking of in the persons of Henry Burr and Harrison (somewhat inconveniently printed at the end connexion with the cathedral, they were Cordis would be not unworthy of the author of the volume, instead of at the foot of the delivered. The subjects are The Bread of the Scarlet Letter. The close of Dr. Heiden- pages to which they belong), is the wider and Life,” “ The Light of the World," “ The hoff's Process is tragical, but the tragedy is in- deeper of the two. He starts with the theory of the Sheep,” &c., with two prefatory lect evitable.

that the seven officers appointed in Acts vi. on “The Coming in the Father's Name,

were not deacons, as has been commonly said, “The Christ," and one in conclusion on Nothing in Soldiers' Stories and Sailors' but the first presbyters or elders, whom he con- Vision of the Father in Christ.” In an Jarns is equal to Nights at Mess and less siders to have held the office of almoners, in pendix are added three sermons preache famous collections. But in some degree the

their own persons and in those of their succes- Cambridge. The book is marked by Dr. W book makes up in variety and bulk for what sors, long before it passed into the hands of the cott's usual characteristics, his breadth

of How this organisation took shape his endeavour to express himself exactly it wants in quality, and there is not a single later is shown in chap. iv. of the second careful scholarship, and by less than his

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