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The king of dark old England

Stood up before them all, "Choose ye this day, my people

Ealdorman, priest and thrall.

“We have bowed our necks to the Thunder!

Shall we lift them anew and say
That the Christ-child reigns in England ?

Choose ye choose ye—this day!"

Silence covered the council!

They mused for a little space,
For the light on the face of the pilgrim

Was the light of an angel's face.

And ever the roaring night-wind

Beat on the gloomy hall, And stirred the purple banners

That leaned ou the fire-lit wall.

Suddenly, out of the darkness,

Quick as an angel's word, There fluttered before their faces

A little storm-beat bird.

Swift thro' the crimson .fire-light,

From door to rough-hewn door, Out of the night for a moment

Then-into the night once more.

“King, O King of England,

Since the old gray world began,
As the bird that came from the darkness

Even so is the life of man.

“O King, if this God can bring us

Some word of a far-off light, Choose we this God for England,

Choose we, choose we this night!"

They looked on the face of the pilgrim!

He held bis arms out wide,
As the Maker, for love of His making,

Held out His arms and died.

And a shout went up on the night-wind

That shook the stars above“We have broken the yoke of the Thunder,

We have taken the yoke of Love."

Lay in his hand the Sceptre with the Dove!

The mighty months have run their course again!

Shall not that iron brood at last be slain,
And Justice, like Astræa, shine above,

And Peace imparadise his golden reign?
Lay in his hand the Sceptre with the Dove!
0, silent Minster of our dead,
Hear'st thou the wings of Peace upon the wind,
Hear'st thou what glorious hosts draw nigh
Thy solemn shrine? What shout of victory
Adown the listening ages now is sped ?
0, silent Minster of our hallowed dead,
Here, where his fathers laid their glory down
See'st thou what great new splendor waits to crown his crown?
Hast thou not heard, hast thou not heard,
That more than mightiest thunder-word,
That more than Marathonian cry
Shaking earth and sea and sky,
Drowning all the thunder of war
In a whisper from afar,
In a little word of love?

The mighty months have run their course again!
The golden word is passed o'er land and main!
Lay in his hand the Sceptre with the Dove!
Blackwoud's Magazine.


Many readers must have seen re- for those who have the wit to read it, cently in the public press a design de- eloquent of history, setting forth in scribed as the Queen's standard, and every shred of it the tale of the union many must have marvelled at the rich of great kingdoms, the matches of aucomplication of that medley of armory. gust houses, and the sway that is Many of those who saw it passed it wielded by the rulers of England. It by, it is safe to say, with little more is the aim of these notes to explain than a glance at what seemed to them something of what is implied in the a mysterious jumble of strange beasts heraldry of the Queen's banner, to which nevertheless had in it some show that it is history in shorthand, touch of the familiar.

and to make intelligible the processes And yet the Queen's standard, or, as by which it came inevitably to assume it would have been called in the old its form. days, the banner of the Queen's arms, To state the matter, then, in its simis no meaningless thing. It is, as plest terms, Queen Mary's banner is a every piece of heraldry must be, a marshalling by impalement of the arms symbol weighty with memories and, of the king with those of his Consort, Gold pow.


in accordance with the practice which ards gold, for Brunswick; has prevailed in English armory since dered with hearts gules and a lion the days of King Edward III; or, to azure, for Lüneburg: 3, Gules a gallopput it less technically, the banner di- ing horse silver, for Westphalia, which vided perpendicularly into two equal is the shield of the king of Hanover halves has its dexter side (that is, the differenced by the omission of the lithalf nearest to the staff) filled with the tle scutcheon, Gules the crown of arms of the king, while the sinister side Charlemagne gold, for the electorate of (the fly of the flag) is occupied by those Hanover, and the royal crown of Hanof the queen.

Over all was placed the silver The arms of his Majesty are familiar label of the duke, having as its middle enough. Every child can recognize pendant the red cross of St. George, that stately mass of red and gold and and on each of its outer pendants two blue and silver, the ordered grouping of red hearts. the English leopards with the red lion Until 1801, King George III had of the kingdom of Scotland and the borne Quarterly: 1, England impaling golden harp of Ireland, that was as- Scotland; 2, France; 3, Ireland; 4, Hansumed by Queen Victoria as her arms over; but in that year the arms of of dominion. The Queen's half of the France ceased to be displayed by the banner is a more complex matter. Her sovereigns of England, the English Majesty bears the arms of the duke- leopards were given their present podom of Cambridge quartering those of sition in the first and fourth quarthe dukedom of Teck, placing her moth- ters, Scotland occupied the second er's arms of Cambridge in the first and quarter, and the crowned arms of Hanfourth quarters and her father's arms over were placed on a scutcheon over of Teck in the second and third, therein all. This shield was borne by him following a very ancient custom of Eng- and his descendants until at the acceslish heraldry that where the lady is of sion of Queen Victoria, whom the higher rank than her husband her arms Salic law precluded from the throne of shall have precedence of his. We Eng. Hanover, the bearing of the arms of lish may be glad to realize too that this that kingdom was discontinued, and arrangement happily emphasizes the the shield of English sovereigns took fact that our queen is an English prin. its present form.

In her second and third quarters The quarters of Cambridge in this Queen Mary bears the ensigns of her achievement are occupied by the arms father, the Duke of Teck, which are the borne by her Majesty's maternal grand- arms of the kingdom of Würtemberg father, Adolphus Frederick, seventh differenced with a scutcheon of the anson of King George III, who was cre- cient counts and princes of Teck. ated Duke of Cambridge in 1801, and The search for the origin of the had assigned to him the arms of the Queen's quarters of Teck takes us back king his father, with due difference. a very long way in European history. His arms were: Quarterly, 1 and 4, Some historians have named as founder Gules three leopards gold, for Eng- of the illustrious house of the princes land; 2, Gold a lion gules in a double of Würtemberg one Emeric, who is tressure counterflowered gules, for said to have been a kinsman of Clovis, Scotland; 3, Azure a harp gold with King of France. Whether that is true its strings silver, for Ireland; with a or not, we are on firmer ground with scutcheon of pretence parted palewise Albert, lord of Würtemberg, Beutelsand chevronwise: 1, Gules, two leop- bach and Löwenstein. He is named


as the father of Conrad, whom the Em- added to his already vast estates, and peror Henry V is said to have created in 1494 Count Eberhard was made duke Count of Würtemberg in 1110. From of Würtemberg and Teck by the EmConrad sprang that proud and capable peror Maximilian I. Eberhard, the secruling house which throughout its long ond duke of Würtemberg, was his history has never ceased to better its grandson, and he dying childless in fortunes and never failed to reach its 1498, was followed in the ducal chair aims. He was ancestor of Eberhard by his nephew Ulric, whose line bewho died in 1253, having added the came extinct at the death of his grandcounty of Aurach to his dominions. son Louis the Pious in 1593. After him His grandson, Eberhard II, surnamed came Duke Frederick, who was son of the Quarrelsome, passed nearly the George, the younger brother of Ulric, whole of his life in war. He saw his the third duke, and from him descend castle of Würtemberg destroyed by the the kings of Würtemberg and the dukes Emperor Henry VII, against whom he of Teck. had taken up arms; but before he died John Frederick, his son and heir, in 1323 he had made his peace with

who succeeded as seventh duke in 1608, the next emperor, Louis of Bavaria, took the Protestant side in the Thirty and had gained the county of Kalbe. Years' War, and dying in 1628, was His son Ulric acquired the county of followed by his elder son Eberhard Groningen, and the county and castle III. His grandson Eberhard Louis, of Tübingen, and was made Standard- tenth duke, served under our King bearer of the Empire. His son, Eber- William III in Ireland, and supported hard III, surnamed the Graybeard, the English armies on the Continent. purchased the duchy of Teck, and was Later still, the ducal house became made landvogt of the four-and-twenty more closely allied with England, when free towns of Swabia by Charles IV of Frederick II, fifteenth duke, married as Luxembourg as a reward for the serv. bis second wife Charlotte, Princess ices that he had rendered in the war Royal, daughter of King George III. which the emperor waged against Gun- Frederick I, fourteenth duke, who died ther of Schwarzburg. This Eber- in 1797, had two sons, Frederick II, his hard was a tyrannical prince whose heir, and Duke Louis of Würtemberg. subjects rose in revolt against him, but Duke Frederick II became king of before the end of his life he had come Würtemberg in 1806, and dying in 1816, to his own again, and was more pow- left by his first wife, Augusta of erful than he had ever been. He died Brunswick, two sons, William I, who childless, for at the battle of Willen in succeeded him the throne and 1375, when at the lowest ebb of his for- reigned until 1864, and Prince Paul of tunes, he had lost his only son. To Würtemberg. King William's him succeeded his nephew Eberhard Charles was the third king. He, who IV, surnamed the Peacemaker, a great was born in 1823, reigned for twenty ruler whose court, men said, was as seven years.

He died without issue in great as those of kings. He married 1891, when his second cousin, William, Antonietta, daughter of Bernabo Vis- grandson of Prince Paul, became the conti, lord of Milan, and widow of fourth and present king of WürtemFrederick of Aragon, King of Sicily.

berg. Their son, Eberhard V, made a great Louis of Würtemberg, brother of the match with Henrica, daughter of first king, married Henrietta of NasHenry Count of Montbeliard, whereby sau. Their son, Duke Alexander, who the lands of that French lord were was born September 9, 1804, and died



July 4, 1885, married May 2, 1835, terly of eight: 1, Teck; 2, Gold a church Countess Claudine Rhédey, daughter of banner gules, for Tübingen; 3, Silver a Ladislas, Count Rhédey of Kis Rhédey. mitre or with its lining gules, for Ell-. She, who had been created Countess of wangen; 4, Montbeliard; 5, the official Hohenstein, died October 1, 1841, leav- arms of the Standard-bearer; 6, Azure a ing an only son, Francis Paul Louis ragged bend silver, for Justingen; 7, Alexander, who was born at Vienna Silver a chief indented gules, for FranAugust 27, 1837. He was created conia; quartered with Azure five clubs Prince of Teck, December 1, 1863, and silver, for Limpurg, impaling Gold a Duke of Teck, September 16, 1871, and paynim's head, for Heidenheim; 8, married at Kew, June 12, 1866, the Gules a crescent silver, for Böningheim, Princess Mary of Cambridge, whose impaling quarterly: 1, Gules a cross eldest child and only daughter is our gold with its ends cut off ; 2, Silver an gracious Queen.

eagle sable holding a sword and a The ancient armorial bearings of the mound; 3, Gold a hand gules; 4, Party counts of Würtemberg were: Gold three fessewise azure and silver: over all a stags' horns sable lying fessewise, and scutcheon of Würtemberg impaling were so borne by Eberhard the Gray- Swabia. beard. The dukes of Würtemberg The significant part of this complicarried the arm that the counts had cated design is the scutcheon placed borne, quartered with 2, Lozengy over all; for ten years after the duchy bendwise gold and sable, for the duchy had become the kingdom of Würtemof Teck, which Count Eberhard III ac- berg William I abandoned the use of quired in 1385; 3, Azure the golden ban- all the quarters enumerated above and ner of the Empire charged with an assumed as his royal arms the ancient eagle sable having two heads, for the golden shield of the duchy with the dignity of Standard-bearer, which the three black stags' horns impaling Gold Emperor Louis V gave in 1336 to Count three passant lions of sable for the Ulric; 4, Gules two trout gold placed dukedom of Swabia. This parted upright and back to back, for the shield differenced with a scutcheon of county of Montbeliard, which Count the black and gold lozenges of Teck Eberhard V had in marriage with his was granted September 16, 1871, to wife Countess Henrica of Montbeliard. Francis Duke of Teck, and becomes,

A more elaborate shield displayed by therefore, by inheritance a part of the the dukes of Würtemberg was Quar- Queen's arms. The Oxford and Cambridge Review.

E. E. Dorling.




dustry seemed mysteriously suspended. Curling weather had come, and lasted “What's the matter? Is it drink?" imlong enough to make the unslacking patient city houses asked by telegram, outer world of Commerce wonder what and got their first prompt answer at a was wrong with Scotland, whose busi- cost of sixpence—“No, it's curling; ness correspondence was gone all ajee, nothing doing till a thaw.” whose English cheques for days in- A noble frost! The weathercocks credibly remained uncashed, whose in- were faithful to the North for weeks;

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