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CONTENTS
1. “When England Awakes." By William Morton Fullerton

NATIONAL REVIEW 643 11. Fairies—From Shakespeare to Mr. Yeats. By H. Grierson

DUBLIN REVIEW 651 1. Fancy Farm. Chapters III. and IV. By Neil Munro. (To be continued).

BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 659 IV. Proposals for the Reform of the Calendar. By H. C. P. NATURE 668 V. At the Sign of the Plough. Paper IV. On the Works of Charles Dickens. (Answers)

CORNHILL MAGAZINE 671 VI. Primavera. By Lieut. col. D.C. Pedder. CONTEMPORARY REVIEW 872 VII. About “Marie-Claire." By Moira O'Neill.

BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 678

WAZINE VIII. Our Coronation Ode. By A. A. M.

PUNCA 088 IX. “Passing Remarks."

SPECTATOR 691 X. The Great Unknown.

NATION 693 XI. The Coronation Service.

SPROTATOR 697 XII. The International Spy: An Extraordinary Development.

OUTLOOK 699 A PAOB OF VERSE XIII. Music and the Woman-Soul. By Stephen Phillips.

WESTMINSTER GAZETTE 642 XIV. Beyond the Walls of Peace. By Dollie Radford

642 XV. The Romany Sway. By Anna Bunston

SPEOTATOR 642 BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

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Death may some brilliant lightning

flash, Some waking thunder roll; But ah! I waste in dreadful calm.

And starve through all my soul.

Only by music am I freed,

In melody find wings; No written word of poetry

The mighty spaces brings.

THE ROMANY SWAY. I wish I were a gipsy free To dance beneath the rowan tree, To wade in waters cool and sweet Or press the thyme with naked feet. I wish I wore a scarlet gown Aud ran upon the windy down To gather mushrooms in the dew, Sloes and whortleberries blue, Hips and haws and hazels brown, For selling in the narrow town, Where every wide-eyed child would

cry“There goes a gipsy passing by!" And run to buy my wares of me And wish that he were half as free.

Then Sirius far behind me lies,

The Sun is long outsoared; The Universe is but a sound,

Creation but a chord!

Here can I find my only flight,

Tread where Beethoven trod; So am I raised, so am I rapt And lose myself in God!

Stephen Phillips. The Westminster Gazette.

Then with some tea to fill my can
Far out of sight of any man
I'd light my fire and sit and sup
And watch the smoke climb up and

up: The smoke upon its stairless way To greet the pine-tree tops and say“Those are your boughs that burn so

well." I'd gather bracken from the dell To make a pillow for my head, And every time I turned in bed Between my eyelid and my cheek The stars should play at hide-and-seek.

BEYOND THE WALLS OF PEACE.
If you should meet with one who strays

Beyond the walls of peace,
Who spends the passion of his days

In dreams that never cease,
Oh, tell him that the outcast ways

Find no release.

If you should look into his eyes,

And see the shadow there Of his dear City's towers and skies,

Where once his heart lay bare, Oh, tell him those who are most wise

Their vision spare.

Or if the moon of dreams were high,
I'd be a gipsy that could fly
To visit with the honeybee,
Or chase the swallow o'er the sea;
And in the early morning dark
I'd rise beyond the boldest lark,
And holding to some angel's frock,
I'd enter heaven, and never knock;
And once inside they'd let me stay.
For all would take my part and say-

'Tis but a little gipsy free,
Let be, good doorkeeper, let be!"

Anna Bunston. The Spectator.

If you should see him turn and wait,

Fast bound by his desire, Beyond the walls disconsolate,

In dreams that never tire, Oh, tell him that the city gate

Is barred by fire.

“WHEN ENGLAND AWAKES."

It is important not to misconstrue the in the existence of the Alliance. If the European situation in so far as it af

Alliance was to be no longer interfects French interests; it is important preted as a means of realizing French to see it, for instruction's sake, as it is viewed through French spectacles.

dreams, it meant, at all events, the in

expressible boon of peace. The French These are the words of warning which

soul tended to become relaxed. HuI ventured to use several weeks ago in

manitarianism, pacifism, anti-militarcommenting upon the recent Cabinet

ism, began to flourish rankly all over crisis in France. It is the object of

French soil. France had been cooardier the present article to justify this lan

up to 1890, The Russian Alliance gradguage.

ually calmed her nerves, dissipated her I.

fears, lulled her to sleep. Strong in Frenchmen cherished for a decade her faith in the loyalty of Russia to and more the illusion that the Alliance keep strict watch over the German with Russia was an earnest of the ul- dogs of war in case they seemed to be timate recovery of Alsace-Lorraine. It preparing to leap across her eastern took that length of time for them to frontier, France, the Republic, was free comprehend that the armies of the to respond, without loss of dignity, or Dual Alliance were the armies of the dread of the consequences, to the cajolHague; that neither the Tsar nor their eries and flatteries of the German own rulers had contemplated by the Al- Kaiser. If he had continued to cajole liance any other aim than that of de- instead of blunderingly beginning to fence; that the sole positive good which menace, humanitarianism might have the Alliance was intended to secure gangrened the whole of France. was the maintenance of European One public man of eminence in equilibrium, and that they who had France, and one public man alone, looked to it as a potential instrument President Grévy, had a foreign policy of revanche had been tragically duped. which might have saved his country

When France realized that the Rus- from some of the psychological consesian Alliance meant not only that quences and from the positive sequence things must be as they had been, but of events that ensued. President that all hope of better days was gone, Grévy never tired of preaching the the plight of the nation was one that utility of isolation, the danger of enmight have given rise to a certain sul- tangling alliances. But he was overlen resentment. Such resentment did, ruled, and successive Ministers in in fact, exist to a certain degree among France who extolled the Russian Althe generations that remembered the liance hoped not merely to assure Eurowar of 1870. Upon the younger gen- pean equilibrium, but to maintain eration, on the contrary, the conse- European peace by holding Germany quence of their slow perception of the in check. They were also aiming indireal significance, in its European bear rectly at the great secular rival of ings, of the pact with Russia was their country, Great Britain. Notstrangely different. Little by little the withstanding Bismarck's efforts to notion of révanche faded from the fore- thwart the inception of the Francofront of the French consciousness and Russian Alliance, the heirs of his polgave way to a kind of supine satisfac- icy found in the Franco-Russian Allition with the idea of security implied ance, one of their most magnificent opportunities. What the Germans rap- idea that they had been playing the idly perceived was that in the Dual German game; that while they had Alliance, by the nature of things, Ger- been irritating one another by constant man hegemony was in being. By that pin-pricks, Germany had been looming Alliance the traditional bellicose more and more menacingly on the boFrance was paralyzed. With a splen- rizon. The scales seemed to drop sidid and almost diabolic ingenuity Ger- multaneously from their eyes. They many. evolved a scheme for utilizing saw-with the clearness, ironically prethe Alliance in her own interest. She sented, in the fulness of time, by those did all in her power to fan the embers superb comic situations staged by the of Anglo-French discord by favoring Zeit Geist-that either they must go French colonial expansion. She was to war for the benefit of Germany or aware that the first result would be to that they must come to an understandpit France against England under ing, in their common interest, to the every clime and on every sea; the sec- discomfiture of a common rival. Faond, that young ambitious Italy would shoda was the fork on their Damascus become the deadly foe of France; and road. The revelation which together the third that she herself would ulti- they received there flung into the most mately be able to dictate to a divided dazzling light the whole maliciousness Europe the direction of European pol- of the German scheme, of which they icy. For long years German foresight had been for years the blindly uncorwas confirmed to the letter. The dar- scious dupes. Such was the beautiing, diabolic and ingenious plan for fully logical birth of that Entente Corpreventing French resiliency was for a diale which shattered as by a thundertime beautifully successful. France bolt a German policy which had lasted, and England came into dangerous col- and succeeded, for nearly two decades. lision everywhere. Italy and France glared at each other in Tunis and over

II. the Dauphiné passes, while the Triple For

months Germany lay Alliance was being slowly consolidated. stunned and prone.

The incredible Successive German Chancellors rubbed had happened. There had been long their hands in glee, and German hege- years in the nineties when the Wilmony assumed the aspect of a pillar of helmstrasse must have known as well cloud by day and almost of fire by as every Parisian that England was night.

even more hated in France than the But the German plan succeeded too Power which had dismembered that admirably. The Greeks, who were country in the Galerie des Glaces at practical psychologists, noted that a Versailles. The possibility that EngNemesis dogs the steps of a man or land and France could ever come to nation addicted to the unpardonable terms was not taken in Germany as sin of ißpes –insolent pride. There even a remote contingency.

It was came a time, amid the multiple shocks regarded as a political absurdity. Yet which harassed the nerves of British the incredible had happened. And, and French Foreign Ministers, as the irony of ironies, it bad occurred simply lines of British and French Colonial as a consequence of the over-weening expansion dovetailed throughout the success of the Bismarckian plan. world, when the chances of peace or After the first discountenancing blow war between France and England it was not surprising that the German seemed to hang by a thread. Both Chancellerie was a long time pulling Powers, after Fashoda, awoke to the

itself together. Germany's uncouth

some

movements and gestures in seeking to have established the balance of power wreck the new combination of the En- in Europe. tente Cordiale; her futile efforts in If it had not been for the issue of the Spain, before the accession of the Russo-Japanese War, a result utterly young Sovereign, to balk the Mediter- unforeseen by the Quai d'Orsay, and ranean policy of M. Delcassé, and to the perilous consequences of which sweep that Power into the orbit of the from the point of view of French inTriple Alliance; her invention finally of terests had never been taken into acthe Moroccan Question, as a means of count in France, the French nation cleaving in two the Franco-British might have continued, like the English, block which had only just been to remain, as a whole, blandly ignorant welded; her nervous, violently aggres- of the strategic conditions and of the sive manner, so cousue de fil blanc, how- international relations on the Continent ever, as the French say,--all these are of Europe. To be sure the Algeciras facts which are fresh in the memory Conference and the Casablanca incinot only of the professional politician, dent were yet to intervene as objectbut of the ordinary observer. And the lessons for the most indifferent; but more Germany wriggled, contrived, the defeat of the Russian ally, Russian meddled and stormed, the more rooted paralysis as a military power for some became the Entente Cordiale in the years to come, was an event which, at hearts of Frenchmen and of English- the time, opened the eyes of even the men, the more natural seemed the mi- least discerning of French observers. racle, the more real the joy of the two While it enabled them to divine the Chancelleries and of the two peoples. causes, perhaps better than they othOnly a few keen-sighted observers in erwise might have done, of the aueither country appeared to realize, dacity of Germany in her Moroccan amid the strains of optimistic jubila- policy, it also enhanced for them the tion in which England and France wel- value of the Entente with England, and comed the reconciliation and the now made them all the more vigilant as to "definitive” establishment of Euro- the preservation of that Entente, acpean equilibrium, that Germany, by cording to the conception of it cherthe Titanic blunder of her old Bis- ished by its promoters. British polimarckian non-colonial policy, had tics, both domestic and foreign, were closed to herself almost every habita- bound to be watched by Frenchmen ble corner of the globe, which she had with as jealous an eye as their own, complacently handed over to France, and even more carefully and jealously England and Italy; yet that she had de- than they watched those of Russia. veloped a great material civilization, England had taken the place of Ruswith instincts of economic and com- sia in French affections. In the same mercial expansion which must find an breath in which Frenchmen repudi. outlet or burst. Only a few appeared ated, and sincerely repudiated, the noto perceive that she was not likely to tion that the reason why the Entente accept the new status quo created by was dear to them was because it meant the Triple Entente, and that every to them a possible revanche, and inpractical device which astute Real sisted, and sincerely insisted, on the Politik, unshackled by scruple or fanat- fact that they longed above all for ical idealism, and inspired by patri- European peace, they acknowledged otic national selfishness, could suggest that the Entente was possible only beor invent, would be utilized for the de- cause it satisfied the common interest struction of that pact which seemed to of France and England in thwarting

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