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ories are enshrined.” This she does; thorities. But it is as far as possible and it is the atmosphere of the sanc- from being a mere compilation of tuary and the chapel rather than of the facts. It is graphically written, court that pervades the book from touching sufficiently upon the history cover to cover. There are here none and topography to furnish a back. of the scandals which one has become ground, but giving a vivid picture of accustomed to expect in court memoirs. Argentina as it is to-day, the pursuits The intimacy to which the good queen and pleasures of its people, the agriculadmits her readers is that of her child- tural wealth of its great plains, the ish friendships, the great people whom swift development of its commerce, she admired and the bumble people and the direction and scope of its alwhom she loved, her governesses, tu- most incredibly rapid progress. A tors and servants, her enthusiasms, oc- large map and more than forty fullcupations and aspirations, and her lit- page illustrations from photographs ilerary acquaintances and diversions. lustrate the book. Madame Schumann, Arndt the poet, Bernays the scholar, Bunsen, and Karl Flippancy, bitterness and cynicism Sohn, the portrait painter, are among one expects in a book called “When the figures whom the author recalls God Laughs,” and one may feed on most vividly; but the most intimate them to satiety from Jack London's stoand touching chapter is the closing one, ries. Of half the even dozen that in which the queen tells the story of make the collection there is little to be the excruciating physical suffering, noted except their repulsiveness—powsweet character and triumphant faith erful they may be called, but only of her little brother Prince Otto, whose any horrible tale is powerful pathetic figure she recalls after fifty by sheer pressure

shrinking years as clearly as if the tragic expe- nerves. But there are three or four riences of his life had closed but yes- a different level, three or four terday. Nine portraits illustrate the whose horrors make what the sympabook. The translation is made by thy recognizes as a legitimate appeal. her majesty's former secretary, Edith “The Apostate," an intensely realistic Hopkirk. J. B. Lippincott Co.

story of a factory-child grown to man

hood and abandoning work for the “Argentina and Her People of To- hobo's freedom; "The Chinago," a picday” (L. C. Page & Co.) is one of the ture of life on a plantation in the most important and interesting of the South Seas where a Chinaman is guilseries of volumes in which Mr. Nevin lotined by the French sergeant as Ah 0. Winter has undertaken to make Chow in spite of his insistence that he American readers better acquainted is Ah Cho; “A Piece of Steak," the with the Latin-American republics. story of an aging prize-fighter who Earlier volumes have described Mex- loses the purse that meant supper for ico, Guatemala and Brazil. Like the his wife and kiddies for want of the earlier volumes, this is the fruit of substantial meal that might have made close personal study and observation

him fit-these linger in the memory as as well as a careful comparison of au- masterpieces linger. The Macmillan Co.

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CONTENTS
1. Britaln and Her Offspring. By Andrew Carnegie

NINTEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 679
II. The Rising Crime-Rato. By Henry Leach. CHAMBERS'S JOURNAL 584
II. Fancy Farm. Chapters I. and II. By Neil Munro. (To be contin-
ued)

BLAOKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 689 IV. Taming Animals. By Frederick Boyle. CORNHILL MAGAZINE 599 V. Compulsory Science versus Compulsory Greek. By Sir Ray Lankester

NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 606 VI. Retallation.

BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 619 VII. The Gardens of Chaucer and Shakespeare. By J. E. G. de M.

CONTEMPORARY REVIEW 625 VIII. The Race to the South Pole: Letter from Dr. Nansen. TIMES 630 IX. The Scandalous Affair of My Umbrella. By Edoe Pono: 032 X. The Situation in Morocco.

SPROTATOR 633 XI. The Drama of the Insects.

NATION 635 A PAQE OF VERSE XII. The Great Galleon. By John Aston .

SPROTATOR 578 XIII. "Who Can Tell How Olt He Offendeth." By Anna Bunston

678 BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

637

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And listen to the shuffling of the diver's

feet on deck. Our swords are rust-devoured, our

armor riven to decay, Down amid the shells and sand of

Tobermory Bay.

THE GREAT GALLEON. ("The operations in Tobermory Bay carried on so successfully for the past three weeks bave now been temporarily discontinued until stronger suction plant, capable of dealing with the immense masses of shells which cover the Armada galleon, have been constructed and put on board a more powerful salvage vessel. The construetion of the new machinery will entail a delay of fully six weeks, so that operations will not be resumed in all likelibogd before Christmas."- Daily Paper, October 29th.) We left the Tagus banks behind and

shores of pleasant Spain, Our gallant great Armada, to sail

across the main, And never a one among us recked that

we should lie to-day Down among the dead men in Tober

mory Bay.

We prized and hugged our honor that

you hold to-day so cheap: You pick and pry and fumble and you

wound that honor deep. Our everlasting curses shall the sacri

lege repay, Down among the dead men in Tober

mory Bay.

We saw the pennons flaunting, heard

the loud bells ring To celebrate the mightiness of our Most

Christian King; Our fleet it was invincible. But now

our bones we lay Down among the wreckage of Tober

mory Bay.

We shall hear the archangel's trumpet

and the loud bells boom, When we rise before the Judgment-seat

to meet the Day of Doom. But, till that day arises, let us slum

ber, let us stay Down amid our comrades in Tobermory

Bay.

l'pon our silent culverins gross barna

cles must feed: For chains upon our necks hang tan

gled skeins of waterweed: Through the sockets where our eyes

once shone the cod and conger play Down among the dead men in Tober

mory Bay.

Oh vex us not, oh leave us here to our

ashamed repose, And yield us not again unto the taunt

ing of our foes. Oh vex us not, but leave us in our sol

emn sea-array Down among the dead men in Tobermory Bay.

John A8!on. The Spectator.

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BRITAIN AND HER OFFSPRING.

The Motherland, God bless her! has legislation, would surely be swallowing had a long and illustrious history the camel and straining at the gnat. marked by many vicissitudes. Even in This transcendent power invested in recent times the struggle for the right the elected House settled the question of the people to rule has culminated and made constitutional monarchy from more than once only upon the brink of one point of view even more demorevolution, as the earlier struggles did cratic than the republican form, for between King and Nobles. It has not the elected head of a nation is necesbeen her usual policy to meet such is- sarily possessed of great powers. sues directly. When it became neces- Those of our American President, for sary, for instance, to revolt against ab- example, far surpass those of any emsolute monarchy, instead of direct at- peror -day, and are clearly defined. tack, after the French method, pur He appoints the members of his cabwiser forefathers preferred a flank inet, possesses the power of veto over movement, which, by retaining mon- legislation in peace (two-thirds majorarchy, avoided revolution. The king ity required to overcome it), and in war was accepted, together with the doc- instantly becomes Commander-in-Chief trine that as the Lord's anointed he of Army and Navy; imprisons disloyal could do no wrong, with the result, in- citizens without trial, and is responsievitable as that night should follow the ble to no one except by impeachment. day, which was soon discovered, that But let it be remembered no novice he could not therefore be allowed to do reaches the Presidency. The people anything. The king was required to who elect presidents know their men, swear that he would take the advice of who are not born to office; like British his ministers appointed by a majority Prime Ministers, they must first of the House of Commons. Hence, achieve greatness. the triumphs of the flank movement To the native-born observer residing and of constitutional monarchy.

outside of the old home but ever deeply It is significant to note in these days interested in it, she seems one of those of dispute between the hereditary and strong old-fashioned, managing motbelected chambers that, strange to say, ers of great sons, constitutionally opthe House of Lords was ignored in this posed to change of any kind, especially vital constitutional change. The to new-fashioned improvements; and elected chamber, the House of the peo- hence remains a generation behind, notple, assumed sole and sovereign sway withstanding her up-to-date daughters over the monarch. Never was a more who set her a worthy example. drastic device applied, yet one withal Let us contrast her with her offso simple and direct that it has never spring Quite recently the Times, apbeen questioned, and apparently never propriately typifying the dear old lady, can be while the monarchical system endeavoring to prove that the Repubendures.

lican idea was in our day giving place Centuries ago, having invested one to the monarchical, instanced Canada chamber with the sole power to appoint was seeing no reason why she should His Majesty's advisers whom he must change her institutions for those of her obey, yet notwithstanding its success, Southern neighbor, the Republic." to hesitate in our day to trust that Quite true, for the irresistible reason same chamber with the final word in that Canada has already her neighbor's institutions and rejoices in them; no divergence between the Mother and change is required. She has sole her more progressive children in other power over her Army and Navy as lands, and one in which the American the Republic has. Her Prime Minis- example stands pre-eminent. Canada, ter, under direction of her Parliament, Australia, New Zealand, and the Ameralone directs these as the American ican Republic alike discard the examPresident directs the forces of the ple of the Motherland and treat all reUnited States. She makes treaties ligious sects alike. with other nations direct. Hereditary Public schools in all British Cololegislators are unknown, no peers re- nies are upon the American model, free side in British Colonies as citizens. All from sectarianism, which is never perBritish Colonies pay Members of Par- mitted to produce such lamentable reliament, and require them to sit during sults as in some parts of the Motherthe day and transact the business of land, dividing the people by maintainState as their occupation while fresh ing schools belonging to or governed by and sober-minded, not as a social en- the one favored sect. Catholics gentertainment after dining. They payerally throughout the English-speaking no official election expenses.

In all lands send their children to the public these matters they have American, not schools because they find little or nothBritish, institutions. None of the Col- ing to object to there, the elements of onies know anything of that gross in- sectarianism being carefully eliminated justice, plural voting, which denies the in accordance with the spirit of this equality of the citizen; neither of its progressive age, which seeks to draw fellow iniquity, unequal electoral dis- people together, not to divide them tricts. All Britain's children shun into quarrelling sects. the example of the Motherland and We find another ominous contrast in adopt the Republic's electoral laws, the land question, a serious problem one man's vote the equal of any other, indeed, in Britain, with its ancient the districts being equalized after each primogeniture and entail, of which no Census.

trace is found in any of the new lands. In the vital domain of religion, here the general custom there being to folagain we find prevailing everywhere low the law which, in the absence of the precious element of religious equal directions, divides wealth equally ity; all religious sects fostered, none among the children, the widow's dower unduly favored by the nation. We find of one-third generally obligatory. the old mother stolidly adhering to un- Here is an illustration of what is fair fair discrimination in this, the most and just among the members of a famsensitive of all departments—the reli- ily, no unjust discrimination to create gious, the ministers of the unjustly fa- feelings of disappointment or resentvored sect holding themselves aloof ment among the members, the bonds of from the other sects, refusing to family love preserved and strengthexchange pulpits to recognize ened. equalitydividing the rural

It seems impossible that the people munities into opposing social fac- of the old home can long tolerate primtions, producing discord where all ogeniture and entail, upon which every should be harmonious in the other English-speaking community has other lands of our race. That no set its stamp of disapproval as unjust. other English-speaking nation retains Touching the land question in general. the odious system of preference of one there is none of a serious nature yet in sect by the State marks another wide the new lands, with only a few inhabl

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