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and as many others know also. It to a point of attack on the central arcwas Captain Scott's settled intention tic region from that quarter. When before leaving England to send party he reached Madeira, however, on his of six under Lieutenant Campbell to preliminary southward voyage, he an. King Edward VII Land simply in or- nounced that he had changed his plans der to make a thorough exploration of and would make the south pole his obthat region and nothing more. In jective instead of the other one, and the cablegrams the number of men that was the last that was heard of taken for this eastern expedition is not him until the Terra Nova found him stated, nor is the name of the officer in snugly ensconced in the Bay of charge; but there is every reason to be- Whales. Whatever he may accomlieve that Captain Scott is simply ad- plish, his presence there certainly adds hering to his original scheme, and it is somewhat to the interest of the sitaltogether wrong to assume that this uation, though in all the circumstances small party is being set to push for- it is difficult to regard him as a seriward to the pole as a kind of second ous rival to Captain Scott for the string. Neither its number nor its highest honors of antarctic exploraequipment would justify any such ob- tion. The commander of the British ject. It may be taken as certain that expedition is in a supremely deterall the attempts made by this expedi- mined mood, and all the knowledge tion to reach the pole will be led by we have serves to convince us that the commander as long as he is alive he is working on the right and the best and well. As to the Amundsen ex- lines, while his equipment is superior pedition, which is now evidently in to anything that has ever been taken close proximity to the British eastern to the south before. When he reparty, it may accomplish some won- turns from his two months' journey derful feat, and it apparently possesses south, a journey which is in the nature more than three times the number of of a trial spin—and he should be redogs that Captain Scott has with him; turning about the present time he will but it is very thin in men for a journey learn all about Captain Amundsen and to the pole, especially if a new and un- his party in the east, for the Terra tried route is to be tackled as is partly Nova when she returned westwards suggested by the landing-place. This called in at McMurdo Sound and latter may be merely a ruse, and Cap- would leave a full statement. tain Amundsen may simply have gone Amundsen can get no start of the east in order to be out of sight of the British, for no land expedition could Terra Nova, intending on landing and set off for the pole in February, and pushing south to work his way west it must not be imagined from Captain and get on the known route as previ- Scott's brief statement of his intended ously followed by Captain Scott and sledge journey southwards towards Sir Ernest Shackleton. This would the end of January that he might on hardly be in accordance with the eti- that occasion attempt to reach the quette of antarctic exploration; but pole. He had no such intention and Captain Amundsen may not concern could not have, for the season was too himself much about this etiquette. far advanced. The time for starting When he left Norway it was under- on the main journey is October, and stood that he was making not for the it will be next October that Captain south pole but the north, and that Scott will proceed on his great quest it was his intention to proceed by way with, as he explained to me, about of Cape Horn and the Behring Straits twenty men, three teams of dogs, sev
eral ponies, a motor, and three sledges, ceived from Captain Scott just before The party will gradually be reduced as his ship left New Zealand for the the distance from the base increases, south. “The expedition flourishes," he the men in the best physical condition said. "All preparations have worked being retained, and if all goes well, out with extraordinary accuracy. We the final “dash” over the last hundred have re-examined, re-counted, re-sorted, miles or so will probably be limited re-stowed everything during our stay to about four men. The route and all here, and have found all in good order. its difficulties, except for this last hun- More satisfactory still is the spirit of dred miles, are well known. Captain enthusiasm which exists among the Scott on his former expedition with members of the expedition. I have the Discovery first laid the foundations never seen it equalled. We ought to of it; Sir Ernest Shackleton extended do good work with such material, and it. Possibly Captain Scott may bear we start with high hopes." From a little to the east of Sir Ernest's ex- what I know of the writer of that lettension, and in this way he would have ter and the conversations I have had a line all his own from the base to the with him, I think that if aviation had pole if he is fortunate enough to reach attained anything like its present it. That, however, is a small point standard of reliability at the time he upon which no decision can be arrived left England last summer he would at until the circumstances are consid- have included an aeroplane among his ered on the spot. Whatever happens equipment, and made use of it if necesthe commander hopes to reach the pole sary. I say "necessary” because I beby Christmas. He will need to be back lieve he would prefer, if possible, to at bis base by April when the reach the pole by what we may call winter begins.
If this attempt traditional methods, encountering and should fail he will lie
in overcoming difficulties in the same his winter quarters at McMurdo way that the great explorers have alSound until the next October and then
That aviation will come make another effort. This is exactly into the question if the present expe how things stand in the antarctic at ditions should unhappily fail, there can the present time. Nothing of the be little doubt. I know that Captain highest importance can be attempted Scott did give serious consideration to for another six months, and apparently the matter, and when he was at Brisbefore that period lapses there will tol about a year since a free gift of a be a Japanese expedition in the same monoplane or biplane was offered him quarter ready to penetrate polewards by a firm of manufacturers, but after
-a very poorly equipped expedition, it some hesitation he declined it, properly is said.
regarding the science of aerial navigaSome idea of the spirit animating tion at that time as being in an altothe British expedition may be gathered gether too elementary state to justify from a few sentences included in a him in any experiments in the antarcprivate letter which the writer re- tic. The Outlook.
BOOKS AND AUTHORS.
The $50,000 which was paid for a until at least one hundred volumes copy of the Gutenberg Bible at the have been issued. The first ten volrecent sale in New York of the books umes, promised for this month, include collected by the late Mr. R. M. Hoe, The French Revolution by Hilaire Belmakes a new high-water mark in book loc; The Irish Nationality by Mrs. J. collecting. No such price was ever R. Green; Shakespeare by John Masepaid before for a single volume. · Only field; A History of War and Peace by seven copies of this Bible are known G. H. Perris; The Socialist Movement to be in existence. The last time ope by J. Ramsay MacDonald, chairman of was sold, it brought $20,000.
the British Labor Party; The Stock
Exchange by F. W. Hirst, editor of the George Cary Eggleston's "What
London Economist; Modern Biography Happened at Quasi,” which was noticed in this department two weeks
by Dr. Marion Newnegin; Polar Exago, derives a melancholy interest from
ploration by Dr. W. S. Bruce, leader of
the "Scotia" expedition; Parliament the fact that it was the author's last
by Sir Courtenay P. Ilbert, clerk of the work, and consciously so, although con
House of Commons; and The Evolution veying in its happy tone no suggestion
of Plants by Dr. D. H. Scott, late of the circumstances under which it
"keeper" at Kew Gardens. This enuwas written. Believing that he should
meration will serve to indicate the not recover, Mr. Eggleston in a note dictated to his son, pathetically urged
scope of the series. his publishers to hasten an advance copy that he might see the makeup of
It is perhaps one indication of a re
vived interest in Ireland, historically as the book before he died. The fact
well as politically, that several volumes that the dedicatory page was to bear
on Irish history are to be published a sketch of his little grandson added
this season. One of the most imto his interest. It is pleasant to know
portant is Dr. Robert Murray's "Rev. that Mr. Eggleston received complete copies of the book while he was able
olutionary Ireland and its Settlement,"
a work based on a fresh examination to examine them critically, although
of the documents and bringing further his death occurred before the book
light to bear upon the controversies of reached the boy-public to which it was
the time. It will be published by addressed.
Messrs. Macmillan this month. Mr. Henry Holt & Co. announce the pub- Joseph R. Fisher's “The End of the lication of a new and important li- Irish Parliament,” which is announced brary of low-priced books, written with by Mr. Arnold, covers the thirty years a common purpose of imparting in- preceding the Union, and examines the formation to the general reader, but causes that produced the Irish Rebelcovering a wide range of subjects. lion, as well as the motives that led The series will be known as the Home Pitt to abolish the Irish Parliament, University Library of Modern Knowl- and the means by which his policy was edge,-a title which well describes the carried out. From the Oxford Univerbooks projected. The books will be sity Press we are to have "Ireland unwritten by specialists, but they are not der the Normans, 1169-1216," by Mr. G. meant for the reading of specialists H. Orpen, and Mr. Elliot Stock has in but of laymen.' They will appear in the press the sixth volume of Mr. P. H. quarterly battalions of ten volumes, Hore's "History of Wexford."
No. 3489 May 20, 1911
NATIONAL REVIEW 451
CONTEMPORARY RBVIBW 472 V. Schubert's Songs. By Basil de Selincourt . ENGLISH REVIEW 478 VI. The Stain in the Corner.
BLACKWOOD's MAGAZINE 489 VII. Wages and Cost of Living in the United States.
TIMES 495 VII. Trapped.
PUNCH 497 IX. "The Old Yellow Book.”
BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 499 X. “An Inspired Little Creature.” By Rosaline Masson
FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 502 XI. The Empire of Oil.
NATION 503 XII. Owning Up.
SPECTATOR 507 XIII. Phrases of the Feminine Fictionist.
SATURDAY REVIEW 509 A PAQE OF VERSE XIV. The Doom of Sails. By Stephen Phillips
SPECTATOR 450 XV. My Heart Shall be Thy Garden. By Alice Meynell
450 XVI. The Sleepers. By William H. Davies :
NATION 450 XVII. Shepherd's Song. By Marna Pease
450 BOOKS AND AUTHORS.
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For as these come and go, and quit
our pine To follow the sweet season, or, new
comers, Sing one song only from our al
der-trees, My heart has thoughts, which, though
thine eyes hold mine, Flit to the silent world and other
summers, With wings that dip beyond the silver seas.
THE DOOM OF SAILS Alas! must we utterly vanish, and cease
frovi awidst us,
Sails of the olden sea ? Now dispossessed by the stern and
Wingless and squat and stern? Purple sails of the heroes lured to the
Spread for the golden isles! Sails of a magic foam with faery plun
Wafting the wizard gold! Sails of the morning, come like ghosts
on the sea-line,
With midnight load of the deep! Sails of the sunset, red over endless
For the furthest Orient filled! Sails of the starlight, passing we know
Silent, lighted, and lone! Sails of the sea-man accursed, and
cruising for ever,
Hoist by a spectral crew! Sails set afire by the lightning, re
sounding to tempest,
That drum and thunder and sing! Sails that unruffled repose on a bosom
Glassed by a placid flood!
part as a vision,
THE SLEEPERS. As I walked down Thames' stony side,
This silent morning, wet and dark: Before the cocks in farmyards crowed,
Before the dogs began to bark; Before the hour of four was struck By old Westminster's mighty clock: As I walked down the waterside,
This morning, in the cold, damp air, I saw a hundred women and men
Huddled in rags and sleeping there; These people have no work, said I, And long before their time they die. That moment, on the waterside,
A lighted car came at a bound; I looked inside, and lo! a score
Of pale and weary men that frowned; Each man sat in a huddled heap, Carried to work while fast asleep. Ten cars rushed down the waterside,
Like lighted coffins in the dark; With twenty dead men in each car,
That must be brought alive by work: These people work too hard, said I, And long before their time they die.
William H. Davies. The Nation,
MY HEART SHALL BE THY GAR
DEN. My heart shall be thy garden. Come,
my own, Into thy garden; thine be happy
hours Among my fairest thoughts, my tall
est flowers, Urom root to crowning petal thine
Thine is the place from where the
seeds are sown I'p to the sky enclosed, with all its
showers. But ah, the birds, the birds! Who
shall build bowers To keep these thine? O friend, the
birds have flown.
SHEPHERD'S SONG. O black and white the shepherd's plaid
That haps me warm and weel, And black and white the shepherd's
dog That follows at my heel. O black and high the winter sky,
() white the snowy wold, Till red and bright the peat-fire's light For two that are a-cold!