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field, no outdoor pastime closed to horsewomen, Byron and Disraeli, them. Yet this athletic woman is neither of them misogynists, took dialess a new departure than reversion to metrically opposite views. The aua type that preceded the Early Victo- thor of Lothair devotes one of his most rian type. The old Sporting Magazine flowery passages to open admiration of records many prize-fights between the "bewildering habits and bewitchwomen in the opening years of the ing bats" of ladies on horseback, while nineteenth century, and in the time of Don Juan begged the Stuarts and their immediate suc

to hint to all equestrian Misses cessors English ladies took keen inter

That horses' backs not their est in cock-fighting. There is in the

proper places. Rutland MSS. letter from Miss Bridget Noel to her sister, the Count- The attitude for each man to take ess of Rutland, in which, with a free- must depend on his own womenfolk. dom of spelling that we may envy, if Lady Violet Greville has said that no we may not emulate, the writer refers woman should be allowed out with to “coking and hors matches, which we hounds unless a good rider, but there have promised to be at. Barney in- are hunting countries, not far from tends to back our coks with some thou- Somerset, in which the same rule sands, for be is on our side."

should apply to men. It is impossible What, then, are we to say to this ad- to class the majority of outdoor sports vent of women in every kind of sport? as unfit for women as a sex, for women Playwrights and novelists, poets and differ in their physical fitness no less essayists are of little assistance in gaug- than men. There may be women unfit ing public opinion on the subject, for for hockey, but there are certainly men they as often try to guide as to reflect unfit for croquet. it, besides which they usually treat the The mention of hockey suggests what subject with the legitimate exaggera- may perhaps be a true, if severe, test tion of caricature. We should, for of the sportswoman. If there is one instance, have to seek far and wide travesty of a game against which I among the fair members of the Bath would protest with my last drop of ink, Club to find such a female Admirable that travesty is what is known as Crichton as "Di Vernon," who could "mixed" hockey. Lawn-tennis, badleap a five-barred gate, besides being minton, and croquet are admirable proficient in both ancient and modern games for both sexes to take part in, languages. Kate Coventry was a less and if a girl wishes to enjoy the open pretentious hoyden, for she cared noth- air with her brothers or with those of ing for books, but was merely, as her her friends, let them ride, or skate, or Aunt Deborab said, "wild after horses golf together. But mixed hockey, and all such unfeminine pursuits” It dangerous for the women and demorwas left for Pinero to create the most alizing for the men, should be as obdelightful of all amazons, and the solete as bull-baiting. And now I whole moral of the comedy

come to he test, which, but for the summed up in Lady Castlejordan's fact that I am nearing the sere and yelreminiscence of how her lord and mas- low, and no longer am afraid of speakter had greeted the birth of a daughter ing out, I should hesitate to propose. in the winter: "Damn it, Miriam! If a woman really fancies shooting or you've lost a whole season's hunting fishing or hunting for its own sake, and for nothing!"

not for the added opportunities it afOther writers, other views. Of fords of seeking the companionship of

was

men taken up with the serious business without a map nearer than thirty yards. of sport, then, given the health and If she will obey such conditions, then means, it is folly to exclude her from

by all means let her shoot with the the enjoyment of such pastimes.

best. It is much the same with fishIf, on the other hand, she takes up ing, a sport in which solitude may be sport solely to be with the other sex, even more essential to success. Yet then let her be discouraged to the verge there are moments when the right sort of brutality. Sport is not, or at any of woman may be a ministering angel rate should not be, a social function. when pain and anguish wring the brow Nor is it a mixed game. The keen gun- at sight of a fat trout about to make ner or fisherman loves solitude, and good its escape, with the landing net the best men in the hunting-field are just out of reach along the bank. The interested in the crowd only to the ex- other woman, who screams at the touch tent of getting out of its way. Other- of a worm and has to be carried over wise they ride with their eyes on the every runnel of water, is better left at hounds and their thoughts with the home. fox. Most men who shoot know the All said and done, it seems that the woman who, not holding a gun her- keynote of woman's place in sport is self, likes to stand in the grouse butt moderation. It is fine to see her getor beside the covert next to the crack ting health and enjoyment from her shot of the party and watch him bring outdoor exercise, but not to devote herdown his birds. If she could only self to it with the same passion as the hold her tongue until the drive is over stronger sex. Shre should swim, but she might be a wholly delightful com- need not attempt the Channel. She panion, but unfortunately she has an should scull a boat, but not compete at unhappy knack of just moving or Henley: She should fence-there are speaking at the wrong moment, caus- few more healthy exercises for young ing the birds to break back or swerve women-but not fight duels. Above off to the next gun.

Even the best of all, though not invariably a good loser, sportswomen is apt to spoil things by she should not be discouraged because encouraging the man to show off and she is not in the first flight. She may shoot wildly. From the peacock danc- not play golf like Miss Leitch, or bading before his hens to the champions minton like Miss Lucas. She may not of the jousting ring, the male has al- skate with the dash of Mrs. Syers, or ways shown off before the female, and dance with the grace of Pavlova. Yet this weakness often makes young men, falling short of perfection is no reason with their spurs to win, shoot at birds for despondency. If we men were inthat are too far off, or at rabbits which vaded by the same scruples, how many dart across the rides in dangerous of us, I wonder, would ever be seen proximity to the legs of the next gun. in the stubbles or beside the salmon

The test of the shooting woman is pool! that she shall walk and stand alone,

F. G. Iflalo. The Outlook.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

A story breathing the fresh, invig- lack incident, and readers who find it orating air of the Cumberland fells is credible may enjoy it. Frederick A. "Silverwool," and listless novel-readers Stokes Co. owe hearty thanks to Emily Jenkinson for writing it. Silverwool is Farmer Mrs. Roger A. Pryor, well known as Wain's huge prize ram, cherished and an authority on the South of ante-belvalued almost like a child, and his lum days, has given us a series of only rival at the Great North Show at vivid pictures of the period in "The St. Oswald's is in the possession of Colonel's Story." The Virginia planLuke Heron, one of pretty Betty tation with its lavish hospitality; the Wain's suitors, whose chief shepherd gay groups at White Sulphur Springs, is believed to have stolen it when a President Taylor among them; the atlamb, knowing the stock it came of. tempted duel; the outbreak of the The possibilities of such a plot are ef- "gold-fever”; the search for the young fectively realized, and as a mere nar- adventurer, crossed in love, from San rative the book is intensely interesting. Francisco to the missions of Southern Better still, it is full of sympathetic California; and the wedding with its description and shrewd character- fascinating preparations—all are porstudy. Ishmael Gray, the crippled trayed with a charm only possible to curate of Applegarth, sorrowing and one who writes con amore. The Colonel striving over his wayward parish, himself, a solitary, chivalrous idealist, would alone make it noteworthy. The in love with a young girl of half his Baker & Taylor Co.

years, is a figure both dignified and pa

thetic; his rival, equally high-niinded, John Gaunt, a London millionaire is an effective contrast; and Shirley is whose fortune has been made in red a girl to dream of and dare for. The rubber, is the hero of Paul Trent's minor characters are well sketchednew novel, and "The Vow," which Andy, the Scotch gardener; Mrs. gives its title to the book is made by Bangs, tall, gaunt and depressed, with him to save his wife's life, and pledges her troop of carrot-headed children; him to conduct his affairs hencefor Pizarro, the black boy; Aunt Prissy, ward “in accordance with the teach- with her currant jelly and brandy ing of Christ." On Lady Mildred's re- peaches; quaint little Dorothea, Shircovery, he finds himself obliged to an- ley's sister; and Dr. Berkeley himtagonize the administration of the self, a fine example of the old-time Congo, addresses mass meetings, calls Southern physician, with his capable down upon himself the hostility of the and lovely wife. The Macmillan Co. Belgian government, incidentally alienates bis wife_-to whom he gives no ex- The Rev. John Stockton Littell's planation of his astonishing volte-face- “The Historians and the English Reffits out a warship for the mouth of the ormation” published by The Young Congo, holds up all ships carrying rub- Churchman Company of Milwaukee, is ber and ivory, and brings about an in- an essay in comparative history of ternational complication from which more than ordinary interest and imresults an agreement between Ger- portance. Possessed by a strong but many, England and France to take by no means exaggerated conviction of over the Congo. The story does not the pivotal significance of the English Reformation, and the lamentable ex- age story of the day, that one is not tent to which it is slurred over or pre- disposed to cavil much. Little, Brown sented with a partisan bias both in & Co. general and school histories and in school instruction, Mr. Littell has un- Alfred Noyes's "A Poet's Anthology dertaken an exhaustive research not of Poems" (The Baker & Taylor Co.) only into the teachings of the greater is a book which piques the curiosity and lesser historians, Protestant, Cath- more than most volumes of selections. olic or neutral, but of their critics, Mr. Noyes is by far the most gifted and has brought together between the poet among the singers of today: who .covers of this single volume the fruits are the poets for whom he cares, and of this research and comparison in such which are the poems which most apa form that students and teachers of peal to him? This is the first and most history may easily possess themselves obvious question which suggests itself both of the essential facts and the dif. as one turns these pages. The answer fering views of historians and critics. is not hard to find. There are less The conclusion which Mr. Littell than forty poets, all told, from whom reaches, and for the buttressing of he makes selections; and of these, he which he conducts bis marshalling and finds most that is worth quoting in comparison of the statements of his- Tennyson, next in Wordsworth, and torians is the catholicity and conti- next, in the order named, in Browning, nuity of the Anglican church. But he Blake, Shelley, Shakespeare, Matthew holds that the writers and teachers of Arnold, Christina Rossetti, and Alice history should be impartial in their ex- Meynell. As might have been expected, pressions, either admitting that there the verse in this volume, however vaare two sides to the question, or stating ried the theme, is all upon a high level; both sides fairly.

it has lyric grace and beauty of form,

but something more. Moreover, neither An uncommonly attractive, readable the selection of the poems nor their and wholesome novel is "Forged in order in the book is an accident. Mr. Strong Fires," by John Ironside. The Noyes, in his preface, which is an adaction takes place in South Africa, mirably courageous bit of writing for just before and during the Boer War, these days of doubts, affirms his full and the heroine is the daughter of an faith in the fundamental order and English land-owner, in love with a harmony of the universe, and he neighbor of Dutch parentage but edu- writes: "The smallest break in that cated at Oxford. Joyce's mother, and eternal order and harmony is an imyounger brothers and sisters, are sent measurable vacuum of the kind that to England when the situation becomes both art and science abhor; for, if we threatening, and the chapters describ- admit it, the universe has no meaning. ing their experiences there give variety The poet demanding that not a worm and relief to a plot which might other- should be cloven in vain, crying with wise be too tense, but the chief inter- Blake that a robin in a cage shakes est remains with Joyce, at her father's Heaven with anger, are at one with side, and with her fate after his tragic that profound truth,-a sparrow shall death. The author has bestowed the not fall to the ground without your gift of second sight with a lavishness Father. The blades of the grass are that taxes the reader's credulity, but all numbered. There is no break in his lovers are so high-hearted and gal- the roll of that harmony 'whereto the lant, and altogether in so agreeable a worlds beat time.'” The preface gives contrast to those one meets in the aver- the key-note to the anthology.

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CONTENTS
1. God's Test by War. By Harold F. Wyatt

NINETIENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 387 II. Irish Books. By John Eglinton.

IRISH REVIEW 399 II. The Wild Heart. Chapters XXV. and XXVI. By M. E. Francis

XXVI. (Mrs. Francis Blundell). (To be continued)

TIMES 404 IV. Chance and Change. By R. A. Scott-James ENGLISH REVIEW 412 V. Philosophy and Religion. By the late Leo Tolstoy .

HIBBERT JOURNAL 417 VI. The Little Compton Sensation. By Herbert Ives

BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 419 VII. Thackeray. By Prof. George Saintsbury

BOOKMAN 428 VIII. Humors of English Elections. By Ian Malcolm

NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 433 IX. At the Sign of the Plough. Paper III. On Lenis Carroll's Works. By Viscount St. Cyres

CORNHILL MAGAZINE 440 X. Lines on Seeing Some Coronets Displayed in a Piccadilly Window. By Dum-dum

PUNOH 440 XI. The English Offer and the German Answer.

Answer.

ECONOMIST 442 XII. Antarctic Competition. By H. L.

OUTLOOK 446

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