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230. transabiit......rumpit] ‘has penetrated the ribs and is rending his fair breast.'

234. succisus] 'cut at the root.'


pluvia...gravantur] cp. Cowper

The plentiful moisture encumbered the flower
And weighed down its beautiful head.'


in solo Volscente moratur] 'On Volscens alone are all his efforts centred.' moratur = (1) he is stopped.' (2) 'he cares for.'

240-242. hinc cominus atque hinc proturbant] 'they hustle him first on one side then on the other.' non secius 'none the less for that,' cp. 16, 19. in ore adverso fall in his face. Cp. verse 147.

246-247. dies] cp. note on verse 94. domus Aeneae 'the family of Aeneas,' i.e. the Roman people and especially the Julian gens. pater Romanus 'the Roman senator,' as representing the governing class of Roman citizens; there may be allusion also to the title pater patriae adopted by Augustus and others. The eternity of the Roman Empire is a measure of the immortality which Vergil expects for his verse; in which as we see he has done himself less than justice: cp. a similar way of predicting immortality for poetry in Horace [Od. 3, 30, 7].

'Usque ego postera crescam laude recens, dum Capitolium scandet cum tacita virgine Pontifex.'

The image of the Capitol as the symbol of perpetuity is in the minds of both poets.



A, ab, prep. [abl.] from, by. Abăris, -is, in. Abaris, a Rutulian.

Ăbās, -ae, m. Abas, a companion of Aeneas.

abdo, -ĕre, -dídí, -dĭtum, 3 v. a. to hide.

ǎběo, -ire, -īvi or ĭí, -ĭtum, 4 v. n. to go away. ǎbitus, -ūs, m. a departure, an exit.

abjungo, -ĕre, -nxi, -nctum, 3 v. a. to unyoke, to separate, to disjoin.

abjuro, -āre, -āvī, -ātum, 1 v. a. to deny on oath. abripio, -ĕre, -Ĭpui, -eptum, 3 v. a. to hurry off, to scize.

abrumpo, -ĕre, -ūpī, -uptum, 3 v. a. to break off, to disturb.

abscindo, -ĕre, -ĭdī, -issum,

3 v. a. to cut, to tear. absens, -ntis, adj. absent. absisto, -ĕre, -stĭti, 3 v. n. to desist, to stand aloof. abstineo, -ēre, -inui, -entum, 2 v. a. and n. to hold back, to abstain. abstrǎho, -ĕre, -xi, -actum, 3 V. a. to steal.

absum, -esse, -fui, irreg. v. n. to be absent.

ǎbundo, -āre, -āvī, -atum, 1 v. n. to abound, to be rich. ac, conj. and, and accordingly. After comparative words, than. ǎcanthus, -i, m. bear's-foot. accedo, -ĕre, -essi, -essum, 3 v. a. to approach. accestis for accessistis. accendo, -ĕre, -ndi, -nsum, 3 v. a. to set fire to. accessus, -ūs, m. approach. accio, -ire, -īvi, -ītum, 4 v. a. to summon. accipio, -ĕre, -ēpi, -ceptum, 3 v. a. to receive, to welcome, to admit. accolo, -ĕre, -ŏlui, -cultum, 3 v. a. to live close to. acĕr, -cris, -crě, adj. sharp, keen, brave. Comp. acrior, sup. acerrimus. Acestēs, -ae, m. Acestes, a king of Sicily. ǎcerbus, -a, -um, adj. bitter. ǎcervus, -i, m. a heap, often a heap of corn (in 7, 5 sack of corn). Achātēs, -is, f. Achates, the friend of Aeneas.

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