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“ which on the behalf of our said Sovereigt
Lord the King, shall be enjoined to them;---" also that you make known to all Coroners,
Keepers of Gaols, and Houses of Correction, 66 High Constables and Bailiffs of Liberties, 64 within the County aforesaid, that they may be " then there to do and fulfil the things which, " by reason of their offices, shall be to be done. “ Moreover, that you cause to be proclaimed “ through the said County in proper places “ the aforesaid Session of the Peace, to be “ holden at the day and place aforesaid, and “ do you be then there to do and execute those “ things which belong to your office. And " have you then there as well the names of the “ Jurors, Coroners, Keepers of Gaols, and “ Houses of Correction, High-Constables and " Bailiffs, aforesaid, as also this precept.
“Given under our hands and seals at“ in the County aforesaid, the day of, “ in the year of the reign of
: When the Sheriff shall have received this precept, it becomes his duty to direct several warrants to the bailiffs of liberties and hundreds, containing the substance of it in the following form.
. ? “P.Q. Esquire, Sheriff of the
".. " County aforesaid, to G. H. bai“ liff of the hundred of in the said County, “ greeting : By virtue of a precept under the
* hands and seals of A. B. and C. D. Esquires, s two of his Majesty's Justices, appointed to “keep the Peace in the said County ; and also " to hear and determine divers felonies, tres* passes, and other misdemeanors, committed “ in my said County, one of them being of 5 the Quorum, to me directed. .
" These are in his Majesty's name to will
and require you, that you forth with make so known by open proclamation, in every marsket town, and all other places convenient 65 within the hundred of , aforesaid, that " the next general Quarter Session of the Peace " of, and for, the County aforesaid, is to be s' holden and kept at in the town of 5
in the County aforesaid, on Wednes.' day, the day of - now nextensu. 54 ing, at the hour of nine of the clock in the “ forenoon of the same day; and that you give " notice to all Justices of the Peace, coroners, “ keepers of gaols, and houses of correction, 64 and high constables of the said hundred, that “ they be then and there present, to do and “ perform that which to their several offices 66 doth appertain : And that all those who 56 ought to prosecute any prisoner or prisoners " in the gaol of the said County, or who are 66 bound over then to appear and answer, be " then, and there, present, to prosecute against 66 them according to law : And also that you $6 summon and warn the persons whose names
“ are underwritten, that they be then,and there, “present to serve on the grand jury, and to in. " quire on his Majesty's behalf, for the body 66 of the County aforesaid, for all such matters “ and things as shall be then, and there, given “ them in charge : and also that you summon 66 and warn the persons underwitter, being 66 able and sufficient freeholders of the said 6 hundred that they be then, and there, pre6 sent to serve on the petty jury for his Ma* jesty's service: And that yourself be then, and " there, present to make return thereof. And “ herein neither you nor them may fail, at your " and their perils. Given under the seal of “ my office the day of - in the “ -> year of the reign of our sovereign Lord “George the. Third, by the grace of God of " the united Kingdom of Great Britain and " Ireland, King, defender of the faith, &c.' " and in the year of our Lord !
Then the Sheriff makes his return of the summons to the Sessions, thus :
6 The execution of this writ appears in cer-' stain schedules to this writ annexed.”..
“ P. Q. Sheriff.”
To this are annexed divers pannels fairly ingrossed on Parchment, containing the names of the Jurors, &c.
The Style of the Sessions.
. “ The General Quarter Ses.
s“ șions of the Peace holden at * - in the town of in and for the
said County on the day of in "the year of the reign of our Sovereign “ Lord George the Third, of the United King“ dom of Great Britain and Ireland, King, “ defender of the faith, and so forth, before "m - and - Esquires, and pthers, " Justices of our Sovereign Lord the King, “ assigned to keep the Peace in the said “ County ; and also to hear and determine di66 Veis felonies, trespasses, and other misdemea. so nors in the said County committed, and of 56 the quorum, and so forth,"
. THE DUTY OF ATTENDANCE UPON TIIB
· SESSIONS. .
Herein of the Custos Rotulorum, Justices, She
riff, Clerk of the Peace, Coroner, Gaolers, Constables, Jurors, Suitors, Pleaders, 8°c. with their, and every of their, Duties, Oaths, Fees, Privileges, Indemnities, &c.
Custos-Ro- The Custos ROTULORUM is the principal tulorum.
personage in the Constitution of the Sessions of the Peace.
He is the first civil officer in the County, as the Lord Lieutenant is the highest military one: , Of late years, indeed, it has been usual for the same person to hold both offices, but they are entirely distinct in their appointments and duties.* He has, as his title implies, the custody of the Rolls, or records of the Sessions of the Peace, and of the Commission of the Peace. He is nominated by the King under his sign manual, selected, as Lambard informs us, " either for wisdom, countenance, or credit.”+ He is always himself a Justice of the Peace
* 4. Black. Comp. 272.