The Journal of Andrew Ellicott,: Late Commissioner on Behalf of the United States During Part of the Year 1796, the Years 1797, 1798, 1799, and Part of the Year 1800: for Determining the Boundary Between the United States and the Possessions of His Catholic Majesty in America, Containing Occasional Remarks on the Situation, Soil, Rivers, Natural Productions, and Diseases of the Different Countries on the Ohio, Mississippi, and Gulf of Mexico, with Six Maps ... : To which is Added an Appendix, Containing All the Astronomical Observations Made Use of for Determining the Boundary ... Likewise a Great Number of Thermometrical Observations ...

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Budd & Bartram, 1803 - Florida - 451 pages
 

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The itinerary starts September 16th, 1796, in Philadelphia, and on October 24th sets off on the Ohio from Pittsburgh. Arrives Cincinnati November 25, Louisville December. 8, Mississippi River on December 21, and Natchez on February 24, 1797. That whole journey has occupied a mere 40 pages of journal, much of it devoted to discussion of the weather, the only thing the feels called upon to cover in detail. Here is a typical entry at a place of real interest: “Viewed the amazing works thrown up many ages ago by the Indians. They are the most regular of any I have seen. Some smoke and fog in the morning.—Thermometer rose from 31 to 52." Most of the rest of the book is about the extremely tedious matter of settling the boundary with the Spanish, made still more tedious by the author’s simply reprinting all the correspondence and official documents involved. There is a very brief account of the trip from Natchez to New Orleans, and from there he heads east, out of the western territory. Easily the longest section of the book is the 151-page Appendix of “Astronomical and Thermometrical Observations”; Mr. Ellicott is a constitutionally boring man.
Jonathan Smith
Hanover College
 

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Page 61 - Majesty carrying up and remounting the cannon at this place, I cannot pretend to say that an evacuation is really intended in any reasonable time. From this circumstance. I should conclude that the sooner you are here the better. However, as I have no control over the destination of the troops of the United States, except my own escort, I shall take it for granted that your instructions are sufficiently pointed to direct your conduct. Please to accept of my sincere wishes for the safe and speedy...
Page 126 - French vessels as may be charged with the same, you are to deliver up to the governor, or officer appointed for that purpose by the King of Spain, the said country and colony of Louisiana, and the posts thereon depending, likewise the city and island of New Orleans, in such state and condition as they shall be found to be in on the day of the said cession, willing that in all time to come they shall belong to His Catholic Majesty, to be governed and administered by his governors and officers, and...
Page 56 - Mr. Ellicott's compliments to his friend Governor Gayoso. and wishes to be informed, whether the following information which he received this day, "that all the works at the Chickasaw Bluffs have been either demolished or carried to the opposite side of the river, and that every exertion is making at the Walnut Hills to put that post in a state of defence,
Page 170 - ... consequence of this determination, he sent Captain Guion at the head of a detachment, with orders to assume the command of Natchez. He also intrusted Captain Guion with a despatch for Gayoso, in which he said of the bearer : " This officer's experience and good sense, and the powers with which he is clothed by the President of the United States, conspire to promise a happy result to his command, in which I flatter myself I shall not be disappointed.
Page 49 - Cliffs. I have given the most positive orders to prevent the Indians getting liquor, and to their interpreter I have given the strictest charge to be always in sight, and to-morrow I expect that they will remove to some distance from hence. I have the honour to be, with the highest Respect and esteem, Your most affectionate Friend and humble servant, MANUEL GAYOSO DE LEMOS.
Page 100 - ... the treaty concluded with Spain, which it appears to annul, because by this the United States acknowledge that no other nation can navigate upon the Mississippi without the consent of Spain. Notwithstanding the legitimacy of these motives, the suspension has been represented to the Congress of the United States with all the necessary veracity, and intimated by our orders to the commissary of limits, as well as to the commandant of the detachment of American troops now at Natchez. We are now informed...
Page 121 - Mexico, with six maps comprehending the Ohio, the Mississippi from the mouth of the Ohio to the Gulf of Mexico, the whole of West Florida, and part of East Florida.

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