## Text Book of Topographical and Geographical Surveying |

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Text Book of Topographical and Geographical Surveying Charles Frederick Close No preview available - 2015 |

### Common terms and phrases

accuracy accurate adjustment altitude angles apparent approximate astronomical axis azimuth base bearing Book called carried centre chronometer circle co-ordinates computed contours correction declination described determined Diff difference direction distance earth equal equator error example face feet field fixed given gives ground height hill horizontal hour inch instant intersection interval known latitude length less limb Logarithm longitude lower marked mean measured meridian method miles moon move Nautical Almanac necessary object observed obtained parallax parallels plane plane-table Plate plotted pole position possible probable projection rays readings referred refraction represented result right angles scale screws seconds selected side signals staff star station stone surface Survey taken tape telescope theodolite topographical transit traverse triangulation true upper vernier vertical watch wire zenith

### Popular passages

Page 122 - Each planet moves in its orbit at such a speed that a line joining it to the sun sweeps over equal areas in equal times. 3. The square of the time...

Page 37 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 129 - The mean solar day is divided into 24 hours, each hour into 60 minutes, and each minute into 60 seconds.

Page 129 - An apparent solar day is the interval between two successive transits of the sun's centre across the meridian of any place.

Page 122 - As the planet moves round the sun, its radius-vector (or the line joining it to the sun) passes over equal areas in equal times. To explain these laws, let PA (Fig. 20) be the ellipse in which the planet moves. Then the sun will not be in the cenFio.

Page 129 - A SIDEREAL DAY is the interval of time between two successive upper transits of the vernal equinox over the same meridian.

Page 204 - ... is equal to the probable error of a single observation divided by the square root of the number of observations. The probable error of the mean, hence, decreases as Vw increases.

Page 124 - The parsec is the distance at which a star would have a parallax of one second of arc.

Page 125 - The longitude of a place is the arc of the equator intercepted between the meridian of that place and some assumed meridian to which all others are referred.

Page 56 - triangle of error " is inside the triangle formed by the three fixed points, the position is inside the triangle of error ; and if outside, outside.