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sir :

the mercy

at you.

And spotless, shall mine innocence arise, And bears his blushing honours thick upon him; When the king knows my truth.

The third day, comes à frost, a killing frost; Sur.

This cannot save you; And, when he thinks, good easy man, full surely I thank my memory, I yet remember

His greatness is a ripening, --nips his root, Some of these articles; and out they shall. And then he falls, as I do. I have ventur'd, Now, if you can blush, and cry guiliy, cardinal, Like little wanton boys that swim on bladders, You'll show a little honesty.

This many summers in a sea of glory; Wol.

Speak on,

But far beyond my depth ; my high-blown pride I dare your worst objection: if I blush,

At length broke under me; and now has left me, It is, to see a nobleman want mann

Weary, and old with service, Sur. I'd rather want those, than my head. Have of a rude stream, that must for ever hide me.

Vain pomp, and glory of this world, I hate ye; First, that without the king's assent, or knowledge, I feel my heart new open'd: 0, how wretched You wrought to be a legate; by which power Is that poor man, that hangs on princes' favours ! You maim'd the jurisdiction of all bishops. There is, betwixi that smile we would aspire to,

No. Then, that, in all you writ to Rome, or else That sweet aspect of princes, and their ruin, To foreign princes, Ego ei Rex meus

More pangs and fears than wars or women have ; Was still inscribd; in which you brought the king And when he falls, he falls like Lucifer, To be your servant.

Never to hope again.'-
Suf. Then, that, without the knowledge

Enter CROMWELL, amazedly.
Either of king or council, when you went
Ambassador to the emperor, you made bold

Why, how now, Cromwell ? To carry into Flanders the great seal.

Crom. I have no power to speak, sir.

Wol. Sur. Item, you sent a large commission

What, amaz'd To Gregory de Cassalis, to conclude,

At my misfortunes ? can thy spirit wonder, Without the king's will, or the state's allowance,

A great man should decline? Nay, an you weep,

I am fallen indeed.
A league between his highness and Ferrara.
Suf. That, out of mere ambition, you have caus'd Crom.

How does your grace?

Wol. Your holy hat to be stamp'd on the king's coin,'

Why, well; Sur. Then, that you have sent innumerable sub- Never so truly happy, my good Cromwell. stance

I know myself now; and I feel within me (By what means got, I leave to your own con- A peace above all earthly dignities, science,)

A still and quiet conscience. The king has cur'd me, To furnish Rome, and to prepare the ways I humbly thank his grace; and from these shoulders, You have for dignities; to the mereundoing

These ruin'd pillars, out of pity, taken Of all the kingdom. Many more there are ;

A load would sink a navy, too much honour : Which, since they are of you, and odious,

O, 'tis a burden, Cromwell, 'tis a burden, I will not taint my mouth with.

Too heavy for a man that hopes for heaven. Cham.

O my lord, Crom. I am glad, your grace has made that right Press not a falling man too far; 'tis virtue :

use of it. His faults lie open to the laws; let them,

Wol. I hope, I have : I am able now, methinks,
Not you, correct him. My heart weeps to see him (Out of a fortitude of soul I feel,)
So little of his great self.

To endure more miseries, and greater far,
I forgive him.

Than my weak-hearted enemies dare offer.
Suf. Lord cardinal, the king's further pleasure What news abroad?


The heaviest, and the worst, Because all those things, you have done of late Is your displeasure with the king.

Wol. By your power legatines within this kingdom,

God bless him! Fall into the compass of a præmunire, "

Crom. The next is, that Sir Thomas More is That therefore such a writ be sued against you;

chosen To forfeit all your goods, lands, tenements,

Lord chancellor in your place. Chattels, and whatsoever, and to be


That's somewhat sudden : Out of the king's protection :- This is my charge.

But he's a learned man. May he continue Nor. And so we'll leave you to your meditations Long in his highness' favour, and do justice How to live better. For your stubborn answer,

For truth's sake, and his conscience ; that his bones, About the giving back the great seal to us,

When he has run his course, and sleeps in blessings, The king shall know it, and, no doubt, shall thank May have a tomb of orphans' lears' wept on 'em?

What more? you. So fare you well, my little good lord cardinal. Crom. That Cranmer is return’d with welcome,

(Exeunt all but Wolsey. Install'd lord archbishop of Canterbury. Wol. So farewell to the little good you bear me.

Wol. That's news, indeed.

Crom. Farewell, a long farewell, to all my greatness !

Last, that the Lady Anne, This is the state of man; To-day he puts forth

Whom the king hath in secrecy long married, The tender leaves of hope, to-morrow blossoms,

This day was view'd in open, ko

as his queen,

6 Their ruin is their displeasure, producing the 1 'This was one of the articles exhibited against downfall and ruin of him on whom it lights. Wolsey, but rather with a view to swell the catalogue 7 Thomas Storer, in his Metrical Life of Wolsey, than from any serious cause of accusation ; inasmuch 1599, has a similar image :as the Archbishops Cranmer, Bainbridge, and Warham • If once we fall, we fall Colossus-like, were indulged with the same privileges. See Snelling's We fall at once, like pillars of the sunne' View of the Silver Coin of England. - Douce.

8 So in King Henry VI. Part 2: -2 Absolute. 3 As the pope's legate.

More can I bear, than you dare execute.' The judgment in a writ of præmunire (a barbarous 9 The chancellor is the general guardian of orphans word used instead of præmonere) is, that the defendant 'A tomb of lears (says Johnson) is very harsh. Siee. shall be out of the king's protection ; and his lands and vens has adduced an Epigram of Martial, in which the tenements, goods and chattels forfeited to the king; Heliades are said to weepa tomb of tears,' over a viper. and that his body shall remain in prison at the king's V. Lib. iv. Epig. 59. Drummond, in his Teares for the pleasure. The old copy reads, erroneously, castles, Death of Moeliades, has the same conceit:instead of cattels, the old word for chattels, as it is The Muses, Phæbus, Love, have raised of their teares found in Holinshed, p. 909.

Acrystal tomb to him, through which his worth appears." 5 Thus in Shakspeare's twenty-fifth Sonnet :

There is a similar conceit in King Richard II. Act iii Great princes' favourites their fair leaves spread, Sc. 3. But as the marigold in the sun's eye ;

10 In open is a Latinism. •El castris in aperto posi And in themselves their pride lies buried,

Lis,' Liv. i. 33; i. e. in a place exposed on all sides to For at a frown they in their glory die."


Going to chapel; and the voice is now

I serv'd my king, he would not in mine age
Only about her coronation.

Have left me naked to mine enemies.
Wol. There was the weight that pull'd me down. Crom. Good sir, have patience.
O Cromwell,


So I have. Farewell The king has gone beyond me, all my glories The hopes of court! my hopes in heaven do dwell. In that one woman I have lost for ever:

(Eseunt. No sun shall ever usher forth mine honours, Or gild again the noble troops that waited Upon my smiles.' Go, get thee from me, Cromwell:

I am a poor fallen man, unworthy now
To be thy lord and master: Seek the king; SCENE I. A Street in Westminster. Enter Two
That sun, I pray, may never set! I have told him

Gentlemen, meeting.
What, and how true thou art : he will advance thee;
Some little memory of me will stir him

1 Gent. You are well met once again.
2 Gent,

And so are you. (I know his noble nature) not to let Thy hopeful service perish too: Good Cromwell,

I Gent. You come to take your stand here, and

behold Neglect him not; make use? now, and provide For thine own future safety.

The Lady Anne pass from her coronation ? Crom.

O, my lord,

2 Gent. 'Tis all my business. At our last enMust I then leave you? Must I needs forego

counter, So good, so noble, and so true a master ?

The duke of Buckingham came from his trial. Bear witness, all that have not hearts of iron,

1 Genl. 'Tis very true: but that time offer'd With what a sorrow Cromwell leaves his lord.

sorrow; The king shall have my service; but my prayers

This, general joy. For ever, and for ever, shall be yours.

2 Gent.

'Tis well: The citizens, Wol. Cromwell, I did not think to shed a tear

I am sure, have shown at full their royal minds,' In all my miseries; but thou hast forc'd me

(As, let them have their rights, they are ever for Out of thy honest truth to play the woman.

ward) Let's dry our eyes : and thus far hear me, Crom- In celebration of this day with shows,

Pageants and sights of honour. And, --when I

1 Gent.

Never greater, am forgotten, as I shall be ; And sleep in dull cold marble, where no mention

Nor, I'll assure you, better taken, sir. Of me more must be heard of, --say, I taught thee;

2 Gent. May I be bold to ask what that contains,

That Say, Wolsey,—that once trod the ways of glory,



your hand ? And sounded all the depths and shoals of honour, of those that claim their offices this day,

1 Geni.

Yes; 'tis the list Found thee a way, out of his wreck, to rise in;

By custom of the coronation.
A sure and safe one, though thy master miss'd it.
Mark but my fall, and that that ruin'd me.

The duke of Suffolk is the first, and claims
Cromwell, I charge thee, fling away ambition ;'

To be high steward ; next, the duke of Norfolk, By that sin fell the angels; how can man, then,

He to be carl marshal : you may read the rest. The image of his Maker, hope to win hy't ?

2 Gent. I thank you, sir ; had I not known those Love thyself last: cherish those hearts that hate I should have been beholden to your paper.

customs, thee; Corruption wins not more than honcsty;

But, I beseech you, what's become of Katharine, Still in thy right hand carry gentle peace,

The princess dowager ? how goes her business? To silence envious tongues. Be just, and fear not : or Canterbury, accompanied with other

i Gent. That I can tell you ino. The archbishop Let all the ends thou aim'st at, be thy country's, Thy God's, and truth's; then if thou fallést, Held a late court at Dunstable, six miles off

Learned and reverend fathers of his order,
Thou fall'st a blessed martyr. Serve the king:

From Ampthill, where the princess lay; to which And, -Pr’ythee, lead me in :

She oft was cited by them, but appear'd not: There take an inventory of all I have,'

And, to be short, for not appearance, and To the last penny : 'tis the king's: my robe,

The king's late scruple, by the main assent And my integrity to heaven, is all

Of all these learned men she was divorc'd, I dare now call mine own. O Cromwell, Crom

And the late marriage made of none effect : well,

6 This was actually said by the cardinal when on his Had I but servd my God with half the zeal death-bed, in a conversation with Sir William Kingston ;

the whole of which is very interesting :--- Well, well, | The number of persons who composed Cardinal Master Kingston,' quoch he, I see the matter against Wolsey's household, according to the authentic copy of me how it is framed, but if I had serred my God as Cavendish, was five hundred. Cavendish's work, diligently as I have served my king, he would not hare though written soon after the death of Wolsey, was not given me orer in my grey hairs. Howheit this is the printed till 1641, and then in a most unfaithful and gar- just reward that I must receive for my worldly diligence bled manner, the object of the publication having been and pains that I have had to do him service ; only to sato render La ud odious, by showing how far church tisfy his vain pleasure, not regarding my godly duty.' power had been extended by Wolsey, and how danger. When Samrah, deputy governor of Bassorah, was ous that prelate was, who, in the opinion of many, fol. deposed by Moawryah, the sixth caliph, he is reported lowed his example. In that spurious copy we read that to have expressed himself in the same manner :-II the number of the household was eight hundred per- had served God so well as I served him, he would never

In other MSS. and in Dr. Wordsworth's edition, have condemned me to all eternity.' A similar senti. we find it stated at one hundred and eighty persons. ment also occurs in The Earle of Murton's Tragedie, by 2 i. e, interest.

Churchyard, 1593. Antonio Perez, the disgraced fa3 Ambition here means a criminal and inordinate am. vourite, made the same complaint. Mr. Douce has also bition, that endeavours to obtain honours unsuited to pointed out a remarkable passage in Pittscottie's Histhe state of a subject. Wolsey does not mean to con- iory of Scotland, p. 261, edit. 1789, in which there is a demn every kind of ambition, for in the preceding line great resemblance to these pathetic words of the cardihe says he will instruct Cromwell how to rise.

nal. James V. imagined that Sir James Hamilton ad. 4 Wolsey speaks here not as a statesman but as a dressed him thus in a dream :- Though I was a sinner Christian. Nothing makes the hour of disgrace more against God, I failed not to thee. Had I been as good a irksome than the reflection that we have been deaf to servant to the Lord my God as I was to thee, I had not offers of reconciliation, and perpetuated that enmity died that death.' which we might have converted into friendship. 7 Malone's explanation of this passage is entirely er

6. This inventory is still to be seen among the Harleian roneous; royal minds are high minds, or as we still MSS. No. 599. Some of the particulars may be seen in say, princely dispositions. To avaunt himself royally: Slowe's Chronicle, p. 546, ed. 1631. See also Mr. El. Magnifice se efferre.'--Baret. lis's Historical Leuers, vol. ii. p. 15.

8 i. e. the marriage lately considered as valid


on his head.

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Sir, you

Since which, she was removed to Kimbolton,

1 Gent. How was it? Where sha jemains now, sick.

3 Gent. Well worth the seeing. 2 Gent. Alas, good lady![Trumpets. 2 Gent.

Good sir, speak it to us, The trumpets sound : stand close, the queen is 3 Gent. As well as I am able. The rich streand coming.

of lords and ladies, having brought the queen THE ORDER OF THE PROCESSION.

To a prepar'd place in the choir, fell off

A distance from her; while her grace sat down A lively flourish of Trumpets : then enter

To rest a while, some half an hour, or so, 1. Two Judges. 2. Lord Chancellor, with the purse and mace before | The beauty of her person to the people.

In a rich chair of state, opposing freely him,

Believe me, sir, she is the goodliest woman 3. Choristers singing.

[Music. That ever lay by man : which when the people 4. Mayor of London, bearing the mace. Then Gar

Had the full view of, such a noise arose ter, in his coat-of-arms,' and on his head a As the shrouds make at sea in a stiff tempest, gilt copper crown,

As loud, and to as many tunes: hats, cloaks, 5. Marquis Dorset, bearing a sceptre of gold, on his (Doublets, I think,) flow up;

and had their faces the Earl of Surrey, bearing

the rod of silver Been loose, this day they had been lost. Such joy with the dove, crowned with an earl's coronet. That had not half a week to go, like ramsť

never saw before. Great bellied women, Collars of Ss. 6. Duke of Suffolk, in his robe of estate, his coronet And make them reel before them. No man

In the old time of war, would shake the press, on his head, bearing a long white wand, as Could say, This is my wife, there ; all were woven high-steward. With luim, the Duke of Nor. So strangely in one piece. folr, with the rud of marshalship, a coronet

2 Gent.

But what follow'd Collars of ss.

3 Gent. At length her grace rose, and with mo7. A canopy borne by four of the Cinque-ports ; under

dest i, the Queen in her robe; her hair richly Came to the altar ; where she kneel'd, and, saintlike,

paces adorned with pearl, crowned. On each side Cast her fair eyes to heaven, and pray'd devoutly of her, the Bishops of London and Win- Then rose again, and bow'd her to the people :

chester. 8. The old Duchess of Norfolk, in a coronal of gold, She had all the royal makings of a queen;

When by the archbishop of Canterbury wrought with flowers, bearings the Queen's As holy oil, Edward Confessor's crown,

train. 9. Certain Ladies or Countesses, with plain circlets of Laid nobly on her : which perform’d, the choir,

The rod, and bird of peace, and all such emblems, gold without flowers.

With all the choicest music of the kingdom, 2 Gent. A royal train, believe me.-These I Together sung Te Deum. So she parted, know ;

And with the same full state pac'd back again Who's that, that bears the sceptre ?

To York Place, where the feast is held. 1 Gent,

Marquis Dorset : 1 Gent. And that the earl of Surrey with the rod.

Must no more call it York Place, that

past : 2 Gent. A bold brave gentleman: and that should For, since the cardinal fell, that title's lost; be

'Tis now the king's, and call'd-Whitehall. The duke of Suffolk.

3 Gent.

I know it; 1 Gent.

'Tis the same; high steward. But 'tis so lately alter'd, that the old name 2 Gent. And that my lord of Norfolk?

Is fresh about me. 1 Genta

Yes. 2 Gent.

What two reverend bishops 2 Gent.

Heaven bless thee! Were those that went on each side of the queen ? [Looking on the Queen. 3 Gent. Stokesly and Gardiner; the

one, of WinThou hast the sweetest face I ever look'd on.

chester, Sir, as I have a soul, she is an angel ;

(Newly preferr'd from the king's secretary,) Our king has all the Indies in his arms,

The other, London. And more and richer, when he strains that lady; 2 Gent,

He of Winchester I cannot blame his conscience,

Is held no great good lover of the archbishop's, I Gent.

They, that bear The virtuous Cranmer. The cloth of honour over her, are four barons 3 Gent.

All the land knows that: or the Cinque-ports.

However, yet there's no great breach; when it 2 Gent. Those men are happy; and so are all

comes, are near her.

Cranmer will find a friend will not shrink from him, I take it, she that carries up the train,

2 Gent. Who may that be, I pray you? Is that old noble lady, duchess of Norfolk.

3 Gent.

Thomas Cromwell; I Gent. It is ; and all the rest are countesses. A man in much esteem with the king, and truly 2 Gent. Their coronets say so. These are stars, A worthy friend. The king indeed ;

Has made him master oʻ the jewel-house, And, sometimes, falling ones.

And one, already, of the privy council. 1 Gent,

No more of that. 2 Gent. He will deserve more. [Exit Procession, with a great flourish of Trumpets. 3 Gent.

Yes, without all doubt Enter a third Gentleman.

Come, gentlemen, ye shall go my way, which God save you, sir ! Where have you been broiling? Is to the court, and there ye shall be my guests ; 2 Gent. Among the crowd i' the abbey; where a

Something I can command. As I walk thither,

I'll tell ye more. finger Could not be wedg'd in more ; I am stifled

Both. You may command us, sir. [Exeunt. With the mere rankness of their joy.

SCENE II.S Kimbolton. Enter KATHARINE, 2 Gent.

You saw

Dowager, sick; led between GRIFFITH and Pa The ceremony ? 3 Gent. That I did.

Grif. How does your grace ?

Kaih. 1 i. e, in his coat of office, emblazoned with the royal

0, Griffith, sick to death. 2 Strain is here used in the sense of the Latin com.

- ingentem foribus domus alta superbis primere ; Virgo ex eo compressu gravida facta est.' Mane salutantum totis vomit ædibus undam.' So Chapman in his version of the Twenty-first Iliad :

Virg. Georg. ii. 461. • Bright Peribæa, whom the flood, &c.

4 i. e. battering rams. Compress'd.

5 This scene is above any other part of Shakspeare's




died :


My legs, like loaden branches, bow to the earth, We write in water. May it please your highness
Willing in leave their burden: Reach a chair; To hear me speak his good now?
So,-now, methinks, I feel a little ease.


Yes, good Griffith; Didst thou not tell me, Griffith, as thou led'st me, I were malicious else. That the great child of honour, cardinal Wolsey, Grif,

This cardinal, Was dead?

Though from an humble stock, undoubtedly, Grif. Yes, madam; but, I think, your grace, Was fashion'd to much honour from his cradle. Out of the pain you suffer'd, gave no ear to't. He was a scholar, and a ripe and good one; Kath. Pr’ythee, good Griffith, tell me how he Exceeding wise, fair spoken, and persuading .

Lofty, and sour, to them that lov'd him not; If well, he stepp'd before me, happily,'

But, to thosc men that sought him, sweet as sum. For my example. Grif.

Well, the voice goes, madam: And though he were unsatisfied in getting, For after the stout Earl Northumberland

(Which was a sin,) yet in bestowing, madam, Arrested him at York, and brought him forward He was most princely: Ever witness for him (As a man sorely tainted) to his answer,

Those twins of Icarning, that he rais'd in you, He fell sick suddenly, and grew so ill,

Ipswich, and Oxford! one of which fell with him, He could not sit his mule.”

Unwilling to outlive the good that did it;8 Kath,

Alas! poor man! The other, though unfinish’d, yet so famous,
Grif. At last, with easy roads, he came to So excellent in art, and suill so rising,

That Christendom shall ever speak his virtue,
Lodgid in the abbey; where the reverend abbot, His overthrow heap'd happiness upon him ;
With all his convent, honourably receiv'd him ; For then, and not üll then, he felt himself,
To whom he gave these words,-0, father abbot, And found the blessedness of being liiue :
An old man, broken with the storms of state, And, to add greater honours to his age
Is come to lay his weary bones among ye;

Than man could give him, he died, fearing God. Give him a little earth for charity !

Kath. After my death I wish no other herald,
So went to bed: where eagerly his sickness No other speaker of my living actions,
Pursu'd him still; and, three nights after this, To keep mine honour from corruption,
About the hour of eight, (which he himself But such an honest chronicler as Griffith.
Foretold, should be his last,) full of repentance, Whom I most hated living, thou hast made me,
Continual meditations, tears, and sorrows, With thy religious truth and modesty,
He gave his honours to the world again,

Now in his ashes honour: Peace be with him!
His blessed part to heaven, and slept in peace, Patience, be near me still; and set me lower;

Kath. So may he rest; his faults lie gently on him! I have not long to trouble thee.—Good Griffith,
Yet thus far, Griffith, give me leave to speak him, Cause the musicians play me that sad note
And yet with charity, -He was a man

I nam'd my knell, whilst I sit meditating
Of an unbounded stomach,“ ever ranking

On that celestial harmony I go to.
Himself with princes; one, that by suggestion

Sad and solemn Music.
Ty'd all the kingdom: simony was fair play;
His own opinion was his law: l' the presence

Grif. She is asleep: Good wench, let's sit down He would say untruths; and be ever double,

quiet, Both in his words and meaning: He was never,

For fear we wake her;-Softly, gentle Patience. But where he meant to ruin, pitiful :

The Vision Enter, solemnly tripping one after His promises were, as he then was, mighty;

another, sir Personages, clad in white robes, wear. But his performance, as he is now, nothing.

ing on their heads garlands of bays, and golden Of his own body he was ill, and gave

vizards on their faces; branches of bays, or palm, The clergy ill example.

in their hands. They first congee unto her, then Grif. Noble madam,

dance; and, at certain changes, the first two hold Men's evil manners live in brass; their virtues a spare garland over her head ; at which, the

other four make reverend court'sies ; then the two tragedies, and perhaps above any scene of any other poet, tender and pathetic, without gods, or furies, or poi

-This cardinal, &c. sons, or precipices, without the help of romantic cir. Was fashion'd to much honour. From his cradle cumstances, without improbable sallies of poetical la- He was a scholar, and a ripe and good ove.' mentation, and without any throes of tumultuous mi. 8 "Unwilling to outlive the good that did it.' sery. Johnson.

Good appears here to be put for goodness, as in the pas i Happily is sometimes used by Shakspeare for hap sage just above :ly, peradventure ; but it here more probably means op.

May it please your highners portunely.

To hear me speak his good now?" 2 Cardinals generally rode on mules, as a mark per. 9 This speech is formed on the following passage in hape of humility. Cavendish says that Wolsey • rode Holinshed :- This cardinal (as Edmund Campion m like a cardinal sumptuously upon his mule, trapped al. his Historie of Ireland described him,) was a man un. together in crimson velvet and gilt stirrups.'

doubtedly born to honour; I think (saith he) some 3 Roads, or rodes, here, is the same as courses, prince's bastard, no butcher's sonne ; exceeding wise, stages, or journeys. From whence also was formed laire-spoken, high-minded, full of revenge, vitious of his out-rodes, in-rodes, &c.

bodie, loftie to his enemies, were they never so bigge, 4 i. e. of unbounded pride or haughtiness. Thus Ho. I to those that accepted and sought his friendship wonder. linshed :-- This cardinal was of a great stomach, for ful courteous ; a ripe schooleman, thrall to affections, he computed himself equal with princes, and by crafiy brought a bed with flatterie ; insaciable to get, and suggestions got into his hands innumerable treasure : more princelie in bestowing, as appeareth by his two he forced little on simony, and was not pitifull, and colleges at Ipswich and Oxenford, the one overthrown stood affectionate in his own opinion: in open presence with his fall, the other unfinished, and yet as it lyeth, he would lie and seie untruth, and was double both in for an house of studentes (considering all the appur. speech and meaning: he would promise much and per. tenances) incomparable throughout Christendom.-He form litle : he was vicious of his bodie, and gave the held and injoied at once the bishoprickes of Yorke, ciergie evil example.' Ed. 1587, p. 922.

Duresme, and Winchester, the dignities of lord cardinall 5 Suggestion here, I think, means wicked prompting: legatt, and chancellor, the abbie of St. Albans, diverse It is used in this sense in The Tempest. I have no doubt priories, sundrie fat benefices in commendam ; a great that we should read tyth' instead of ty'd, as Dr. Far- preferrer of his servants, an advauncer of learning, mer proposed, and as the passage quoted from Holin. stoute in every quarrel, never happy till this his overshed warrants. The word tythes was not exclusively throw; wherein he shewed such moderation, and ended used to signify the emoluments of the clergy.

so perfectlie, that the houre of his death did him more 6 To be ill , evil, or naught of body,

was to be ad. honour than all the pomp of his life passed.' We have dicted to women: to be lewd in life and manners. a similar thought in Macbeth :7 This passage has been absurdly pointed in all the

nothing in his life modern editions ;

Becaine him like the leaving it?

that held the garland, deliver the same to the other | Sends you his princely commendations, Rext two, who observe the same order in their And heartily entreats you take good comfort. changes, and holding the garland over her head : Kath. Oʻmy good lord, that comfort comes too which done, they deliver the same garland to the

late; last two, who likewise observe the same order ; at 'Tis like a pardon after execution : which (as it were by inspiration) she makes in her That gentle physic given in time, had curd me; sleep signs of rejoicing, and holdeth up her hands But now I am past all comforts here, but prayers. to heaven: and so in their dancing they vanish, How does his highness? carrying the garland with them. The music con- Сар.

Madam, in good health. tinues,

Kath. So may he ever do! and ever flourish, Kath Spirits of peace, where are ye? Are yo all/ When I shall dwell with worms, and my poor name gone ?

Banish'd the kingdom !-Patience, is thai letter, And leave me here in wretchedness behind ye ?

I caus'd you write, yet sent away? Grif. Madam, we are here.

Pat. No, madam. (Giving it to KATRARINE. Kath, It is not you I call for :

Kath. Sir, I most humbly pray you to deliver Saw ye none enter, since I slept?

This to my lord the king.
None, madam. Сар.

Most willing, madam. Kath. No ? Saw you not, even now, á blessed the model of our chaste loves, his young daugh

Kath. In which I have commended to his goodness troop Invite me to a banquet; whose bright faces

ter: Cast thousand beams upon me, like the sun ?

The dews of heaven fall thick in blessings on her! They promis'd me eternal happiness;

Beseeching him, to give her virtuous breeding, And brought me garlands, Griffith, which I feel (She is young, and of a noble modest nature; I am not worthy yet to wear : I shall,

hope, she will deserve well ;) and a little Assuredly.

To love her for her mother's sake, that lov'd him, Grif. I am most joyful, madam, such good dreams Heaven knows how dearly. My next poor petition Possess your fancy.

Is, that his noble grace would have some pity
Bid the music leave,

Upon my wretched women, that so long
They are harsh and heavy to me. (Music ceases.

Have fullow'd both my fortunes faithfully: Pat.

Do you note,

Of which there is not one, I dare avow, How much her grace is alter'd on the sudden ?

(And now I should not lie,) but will deserve, How long her face is drawn ? How pale she looks, For virtue and true beauty of the soul, And of an earthly cold ? Mark you her eyes ?

For honesty, and decent carriage, Grif. She is going, wench; pray, pray.

A right good husband, let him be a noble; Pat. Heaven comfort her! And, sure, those men are happy that shall have

them. Enter a Messenger.

The last is, for my men: they are the poorest,

But poverty could never draw them from me;Mess. An't like your grace,

That they may have their wages duly paid then Kath.

You are a saucy fellow: And something over to remember me by;
Deserve we no more reverence ?

You are to blame, And able means, we had not parted thus.

If heaven had pleas'd to have given me longer life, Knowing, she will not lose her wonted greatness, These are the whole contents:-And, good my To use so rude behaviour : go to, kneel.

lord, Mess. I humbly do entreat your highness' par- By that you love the dearest in this world,

As you wish christian peace to souls departed, My haste made me unmannerly: There is staying Stand these poor people's friend, and urge the king A gentleman, sent from the king, to see you. To do me this last right. Kath. Admit him entrance, Griffith : But this


By heaven, I will ; fellow

Or let me lose the fashion of a man! Let me ne'er see again.

Kath. I thank you, honest lord. Remember me [Exeunt GRIFFITH and Messenger. In all humility unto his highness; Re-enter GRIFFITH, with Capucius.

Say, his long trouble now is passing

Out of this world: tell him, in death I bless'd him, If my sight fail not, For so I will.-Mine eyes grow dim.--Farewell, You should be lord ambassador from the emperor, My lord.-Griffith, farewell.–Nay, Patience, My royal nephew, and your name Capucius. You must not leave me yet. I must to bed; Cap: Madam, the same, your servant.

Call in more women. When I am dead, good Kath.

O my lord,

wench, The times, and titles, now are alter'd strangely Let me be us'd'with honour; strew me over With me, since first you knew me. But, I pray you, With maiden flowers, that all the world may know What is your pleasure with me?

I was a chaste wife to my grave : embalm me, Cap.

Noble lady,

Then lay me forth : although unqueen'd, yet like First, mine own service to your grace; the next, A queen, and daughter to a king, inter me. The king's request that I would visit you ;,

I can no more.Who grieves much for your weakness, and by me

(Exeunt, leading KATHARINE.


i Gray had probably this passage in his mind when commending to him bir daughter and his, beseeching he made his Bard exclaim on a similar occasion:

him to stand good father unto hir; and further desired Stay, 0 stay! nor thus forlorn

him to have consideration of hir gentlewomen that had Leave me unblesed, unpitied, here to mourn.' served hir, and to see them bestowed in marriage. 2 Queen Katharine's servants, after the divorce at Further, that it would please him to appoint that hir Dunstable, and the Pope's curse stuck up at Dunkirk, servants might have their due wages, and a yeares were direcied to be sworn to serve her not as queen but wages beside.' Holinshed, p. 939. This letter probably as princess dowager. Some refused to take the oath, rell into the hands of Polydore Virgil, who was then in and so were forced to leave her service; and as for those England, and has preserved it in the twenty-seventh who took it and stayed, she would not be served by them, book of his history. Lord Herbert has given a translation by which means she was almost destitute of attendants. of it in his History of King Henry VIII. See Hall's Chronicle, fol. 219. Bishop Burnet says that 4 Model, it has been already observed, signified, in all the women about her still called her queen. Hist. of the language of our ancestors, a representation or the Reformation, p. 162. 3 perceiving hirselle to waxe verie weake and image. Thus in The London Prodigal, 1609 :-*

Dear copy of my husband! O let me kiss thee !" feeble, and to seele death approaching at hand, caused

(Kissing a picture. one of hir gentle women to write a letter to the king, ) 5 Afterwards Queen Mary. 6 Ewen is he should be

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