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The question did at first so stagger me,

Q. Kath. Would they speak with me? Bearing a state of mighty moment in't,

Gent. They will'd me say so, madam. And consequence of dread, -that I committed Q. Kath.

Pray their graces The daring'st counsel which I had, to doubt ; To come near. (Exit Gent.) What can be their And did entreat your highness to this course,

business Which you are running here.

With me, a poor weak woman, fallen from favour? K. Hen.

I then mov'd you, I do not like their coming, now I think on't. My lord of Canterbury; and got your leave They should be good men; their affairs: as righe To make this present summons:-Unsolicited I left no reverend person in this court ;

But all hoods make not monks.
But by particular consent proceeded,

Under your hands and seals. Therefore, go on :
For no dislike i' the world against the person


Peace to your highness! Of the good queen, but the sharp thorny points

Q. Kath. Your graces find me here part of a Of my alleged reasons, drive this forward :

housewife ; Prove but our marriage lawful, by my life,

I would be all, against the worst may happen. And kingly dignity, we are contented

What are your pleasures with me, reverend lords ? To wear our morial state to come, with her,

Wol. May it please you, noble madam, to withKatharine our queen, before the primest creature

draw That's paragon'd' o 'the world.

Into your private chamber, we shall give you Cam.

So please your highness, The full cause of our coming. The queen being absent, 'tis a needfúl fitness Q. Kath.

Speak it here; That we adjourn this court till further day:

There's nothing I have done yet, o' my conscience, Meanwhile must be an earnest motion

Deserves a corner: 'Would, all other women Made to the queen, to call back her appeal Could speak this with as free a soul as I do! She intends unto his holiness. [They rise to depart. My lords, I care not, (so much I am happy K. Hen,

I may perceive, (Aside. Above a number,) if my actions These cardinals trifle with me : I abhor

Were tried by every tongue, every eye saw them, This dilatory sloth, and tricks of Rome.

Envy and base opinion set against them, My learn’d and well-beloved servant, Cranmer, I know my life so even: If your business Prythee return !2 with thy approach, I know,

Seek me out, and that way I am wife in," My comfort comes along. Break up the court: Out with it boldly; Truth loves open dealing. I say, set on. (Exeunt, in manner as they entered. Wol. Tanta estergå te mentis integritas, regina


Q. Kath. O, good my lord, no Latin ;8

I am not such a truant since my coming,

As not to know the language I have liv'd in: SCENE I. Palace at Bridewell. A Room in the A strange tongue makes my cause more strange, Queen's Apartment. The Queen, and some of her

suspicious; Women, at work. 3

Pray, speak in English: here are some will thank you, Q. Kath. Take thy lute, wench: my soul grows Believe me, she has had much wrong: Lord car

If you speak truth, for their poor mistress' sake; sad with troubles; Sing, and disperse them, if thou canst : leave work- The willing'st sin I ever yet committed,


May be absolv'd in English.

Noble lady,
Orpheus with his lute made trees,

I am sorry, my integrity should breed
And the mountain-tops, that freeze,

(And service to his majesty and you,)'
Bow themselves, when he did sing

So deep suspicion, where all faith was meant.
To his music, plants, and flowers,

We come not by the way of accusation,
Ever sprung; as sun, and showers,

To taint that honour every good tongue blesses;
There had been a lasting spring.

Nor to betray you any way to sorrow;
Every thing that heard him play,

You have too inuch, good lady: but to know
Even the billows of the sea,

How you stand minded in the weighty difference
Hung their heads, and then lay by.

Between the king and you; and to deliver,
In sveet music is such art;

Like free and honest men, our just opinions,
Killing care, and grief of heart,

And comforts to your cause.
Fall asleep, or, hearing, die.


Most honour'd madam,

My lord of York,-out of his noble nature,
Enter a Gentleman.

Zeal and obedience he still bore your grace;
Q. Kath. How now?

Forgetting, like a good man, your late censure Gent. An't please your grace, the two great car. Both of his truth and him (which was too far,)

dinals Wait in the presencc.*

sion to the Latin proverb-Cucullus non facil mona. chum, to which Chaucer also alludes :

* Habite ne maketh monke ne frere; 1 Shakspeare uses the verb to paragon both in An.

But a clene life and devotion, tony and Cleopatra and Othello :

Maketh gode men of religion.'
Jfthou with Cæsar paragon again

6 I would be glad that my conduct were in some pubMy man of men.'

lic trial confronted with mine enemies, that malice and -a maid

corrupt judgment might try their utmost power against That paragons description and wild fame.' 2 This is only an apostrophe to the absent bishop of 7 This is obscurely expressed, but seems to mean, that name.

• If your business is with me, and relates to the question 3 Cavendish, who appears to have been present at this of my marriage, out with it boldly.!. Interview of the cardinals with the queen, says- She 8 Then began my lord to speak to her in Latin.came out of her privy chamber with a skein of white “ Nay, good my lord (quoth she,) speak to me in Enthread about her neck into the chamber of presence.' glish, 1 beseech you, though I understand Latin."... A subsequent speech of the queen's is nearly conform Cavendish. able to what is related in Cavendish, and copied by 9 This line stands so awkwardly, and out of its place, Holinshed.

that Mr. Edwards's proposition to transpose it, should be 4 Presence chamber.

adopted, thus :5. Being churchmen they should be virtuous, and I am sorry my integrity should breed every business they undertake as righteous as their sa. So deep suspicion, where all faith was meant, cred office : but all hoods make not monks' In allu.! And service to his majesty and you.'



ruin :

Offers, as I do, in a sign of peace,

Cam. Your fears are worse. His service and his counsel.

Q. Kath. Have I lived thus long-(let me speak Q. Kath.

To betray me. (Aside. myself, My lords, I thank you both for your good wills, Since virtue finds no friends,)—a wife, a true one? Ye speak like honest men, (pray God, ye prove so!) A woman (I dare say, without vain-glory,) But how to make you suddenly an answer, Never yet branded with suspicion ? In such a point of weight, so near mine honour, Have I with all my full affections (More near my life, I fear,) with my weak wit, Sull met the king? lov'd him next heaven? obey'd And to such men of gravity and learning,

him? In truth, I know not. I was set at work

Been, out of fondness, superstitious to him ?4 Among my maids, full little, God knows, looking Almost forgot my prayers to content him? Either for such men, or such business.

And am I thus rewarded ? 'tis not well, lords. For her sake that I have been' (for I feel

Bring me a constant woman to her husband, The last fit of my greatness,) good your graces, One that ne'er dream'd a joy beyond his pleasure ; Let me have time, and counsel, for my cause ; And to that woman, when she has done most, Alas! I am a woman, friendless, hopeless. Yet will I add an honour,-a great patience. Wol. Madam, you wrong the king's love with Wol. Madam, you wander from the good we these fears;

aim at. Your hopes and friends are infinite.

Q. Kath. My lord, I dare not make myself so guilty, Q. Kath.

In England, To give up willingly that noble title
But little for my profit : Can you think, lords, Your masier wed me to: nothing but death
That any Englishman dare give me counsel ? Shall e'er divorce my dignities.
Or be a known friend,'gainst his highness' pleasure

'Pray, hear me. (Though he be grown so desperate to be honest,) Q. Kath. 'Would I had never trod this English And live a subject ? Nay, forsooth, my friends,

earth, They that must weigh out my afflictions, Or felt the Aatteries that grow upon it! They that my trust must grow to, live not here; Ye have angels' faces, 5 but heaven knows your They are, as all my other comforts, far hence,

hearts. In mine own country, lords.

What will become of me now, wretched lady? Cam,

I would, your grace I am the most unhappy woman living.Would leave your griefs, and take my counsel. Alas! poor wenches, where are now your fortunes ? Q. Kath. How, sir ?

[To her Women. Čam. Put your main cause into the king's pro- Shipwreck'd upon a kingdom, where no pity, tection ;

No friends, no hope; no kindred weep for me, He's loving, and most gracious; 'twill be much Almost, no grave allow'd me :-Like the lily, Both for your honour better, and your cause ; That once was mistress of the field, and flourish'd, For, if the trial of the law o'ertake you,

I'll hang my head, and perish. You'll part away disgrac'd.


If your grace Wol.

He tells you rightly. Could but be brought to know, our ends are honest, Q. Kath. Ye tell me what ye wish for both, my You'd feel more comfort: why should we, good lady,

Upon what cause, wrong you ? alas ! our places, Is this your Christian counsel ? out upon ye ! The way of our profession is against it; Heaven is above all yet; there sits a judge, We are to cure such sorrows, not to sow them. That no king can corrupt.

For goodness' sake, consider what you do; Cam.

Your rage mistakes us. How you may hurt yourself, ay, utterly Q. Kath. The more shame for ye ;' holy men I Grow from the king's acquaintance, by this carriage. thought ye,

The hearts of princes kiss obedience, Upon my soul, two reverend cardinal virtues : So much they love it; but to stubborn spirits, But cardinal sins, and hollow hearts, I fear ye : They swell, and grow as terrible as storms. Mend them for shame, my lords. Is this your com- I know, you have a gentle, noble temper, fort?

A soul as even as a calm; Pray, think us The cordial that ye bring a wretched lady? Those we profess, peace-makers, friends, and ser. A woman lost among ye, laugh'd at, scorn'd?

vants. I will not wish ye half my miseries,

Cam. Madam, you'll find it so. You wrong your I have more charity: But say, I warn'd ye;

virtues Take heed, for heaven's sake, take heed, lest at once With these weak women's fears. A noble spirit, The burden of my sorrows fall upon ye.

As yours was put into you, ever casts Wol. Madam, this is a mere distraction; Such doubts, as false coin, from it. The king loves You turn the good we offer into envy.

you; Q. Kath. Ye turn me into nothing: Woe upon ye, Beware, you lose it not: For us, if you please And all such false professors! Would ye have me To trust us in your business, we are ready (If you have any justice, any pity,

To use our utmost studies in your service. If ye be any thing but churchmen's habits,)

R. Kath. Do what ye will, my lords : And, pray, Put my sick cause into his hands that hates me?

forgive me, Alas! he has banish'd me his bed already; If I have us de myself unmannerly; His love too long ago : I am old, my lords, You know, I am a woman, lacking wit And all the fellowship I hold now with him, To make a seemly answo. to such persons. Is only my obedience. What can happen Pray, do my service to his majesty: To me, above this wretchedness? all your studies He has my heart yet; and shall have my prayers, Make me a curse like this.

While I shall have my life. Come, reverend fathers,

Bestow your counsels on me. she now begs, 1 For the sake of that royalty which I have heretofore possessed.

2 Weigh out for out-weigh. In Macbeth we have • The lily, lady of the flow'ring field.” overrome for come over.

Spenser, r R. b. ii. c. vi. st. 16. 3 If I mistake you, it is by your fault, not mine ; for 7 It was one of the charges brought against Lord Es. I thought you good.

sex, in the year before this play was written, by his un. 4 Served him with superstitious attention.

grateful kinsman Sir Francis Baron, when that noble. 5 This is an allusion to the old jingle of Angli and man, to the disgrace of humanity, was obliged by a junto Angeli. Thus Nashe in his Anatomy of Absurdity, of his enemies to kneel at the end of the council table 1589:- For my part I meane to suspend my sentence, for several hours, that in a letter written during his re and let an author of late memorie be my speaker; who tirement in 1598 to the lord keeper, he had said, 'There affirmeth that they carry angels in their faces, and is no tempest to the passionate indignation of a prince' depils in their devices.'

8 Behaved.


That little thought, when she set footing here, Nor. All men's,
She should have bought her dignities so dear. Suf. There's order given for her coronation :

(Exeunt. Marry, this is yet but young, and may be left

To some ears unrecounted. But, my lords, SCENE II. Antechamber to the King's Apart. She is a gallant creature, and complete

ment. Enter the Duke of Norfolk, the DUKE In mind and feature : I persuade me, from her of SUFFOLK, the Earl of SURREY, and the Will fall some blessing to this land, which shall Lord Chamberlain,

In it be memoriz'd.'

Sur. Nor. If you will now unite in your complaints,

But, will the king And force them with a constancy, the cardinal

Digest this letter of the cardinalis ?

The Lord forbid ! Cannot stand under them: If you omit

Nor. The offer of this time, I cannot promise,

Marry, amen! But that you shall sustain more new disgraces,


No, no; With these you bear already.

There be more wasps that buz about his nose, Sur,

I am joyful

Will make this sting the sooner. Cardinal Campeius To meet the least occasion, that may give me

Is stolen away to Rome; hath ta'en no leave; Remembrance of my father-in-law, the duke,

Has left the cause o' the king unhandled; and
To be reveng’d on him.

Is posted, as the agent of our cardinal,
Which of the peers

To second all this plot. I do assure you
Have uncontemn'd gone by him, or at least

The king cry'd, ba! at this.

Cham. Strangely neglected ?2 when did he regard

Now, God incense him, The stamp of nobleness in any person,

And let him cry ha, louder ! Out of himself?


But, my lord, Cham.

My lord, you speak your pleasures : When returns Cranmer? What he deserves of you and me, I know,

Suf. He is return'd, in his opinions; which What we can do to him (though now the time

Have satisfied the king for his divorce, Gives way to us,) I much fear. If you cannot

Together with all famous colleges Bar his access to the king, never attempt

Almost in Christendom : shortly, I believe,

His second marriage shall be publish'd, and
Any thing on him; for he hath a witchcraft
Over the king in his tongue.

Her coronation. Katharine no more

O, fear him not ;

Shall be call'd queen; but princess dowager,
His spell in that is out: the king hath found

And widow to Prince Arthur.

This same Cranmer's
Matter against him, that for ever mars
The honey of his language. No, he's settled,

A worthy fellow, and hath ta'en much pain Not to come off, in his displeasure.

In the king's business. Sur.

He has : and we shall see him Sir,

I should be glad to hear such news as this

For it, an archbishop.

So I hear.
Once every hour.

'Tis so.
Believe it, this is true,

Suf. In the divorce, his contrary proceedings

The cardinal
Are all unfolded; wherein he appears,

As I could wish mine enemy.

How came


Observe, observe, he's moody. His practices to light?

Wol. The packet, Cromwell, gave it you the king? Suf. Most strangely,

Crom. To his own hand, in his bedchamber. Sur.

O, how, how? Wol. Look'd he o' the inside of the paper ? Suf. The cardinal's letter to the pope miscarried,


Presendly And came to the eye o' the king: wherein was read, He did unseal them; and the first he view'd, How that the cardinal did entreat his holiness He did it with a serious mind; a heed To stay the judgment o' the divorce : For if Was in his countenance : You, he bade It did take place, I do, quoth he, perceive

Attend him here this morning. My king is tangled in affection to


Is he ready ure of the queen's, Lady Anne Bullen. To come abroad? Sur. Has the king this?


I think, by this he is.
Believe it.

Wol. Leave me a while. (Exit CROMWELL, Sur.

Will this work? It shall be to the duchess of Alençon, Cham. The king in this perceives him, how he The French king's sister : he shall marry her. coasts,

Anne Bullen ! No; I'll no Anne Bullens for him : And hedges, his own way. But in this point There is more in it than fair visage.--Bullen! All his tricks founder, and he brings his physic No, we'll no Bullens.-Speedily I wish After his patient's death; the king already

To hear from Rome. - The marchioness of PemHath married the fair lady.

broke! Sur. 'Would he had !

Nor, He's discontented. Suf. May you be happy in your wish, my lord ! Suf.

May be, he hears the king For, profess, you have it.

Does whet his anger to him.
Now all my joy

Sharp enough,
Traces the conjunction !

Lord, for thy justice !
My amen to't!

Wc!. The late queen's gentlewoman ; a knight's

daughter, I Force is enforce, urge.

To be her mistress' mistress! the queen's queen! ? Which orihe peers has not gone by him contemned This candle burns not clear : 'tis I must snuff it; or neglected? When did he regard the stamp of noble. Then,out it goes.-What though I know her virtuous, ness in any person, though attentive to his own dignity? And well deserving? yet I know her for

3 i. e. his secret endeavours to counteract the divorce.

4 To coast is to hover about, to pursue a sidelong 7 To memorize is to make memorable. course about a thing. To hedge is to creep along by the 8 Suffolk means to say Cranmer is returned in his hedge, not to take the direct and open path, but to steal opinions, i. e. with the same sentiments which he enter covertly through circumvolutions.

lained before he went abroad, which (sentiments) have 5 To trace is to follow.

satisfied the king, together with all the famous colleges 6 This same phrase occurs again in Romeo and Juliet, referred to on the occasion. Or perhaps the passage (as Act i Sc. 1:

Mr. Tyrwhitt observes) may mean, He is returned in Good morrow, cousin.

effect, having sent his opinions, i. e. the opinions on Is the day so young." divines, &c. collected by him


Aspleeny Lutheran ; and not wholesome to

K. Hen. You have said well. Our cause, that she should lie i' the bosom of Wol. And ever may your highness yoke together, Our hard-ruld king. Again, there is sprung up

As I will lend you cause, my doing well An heretic, an arch one, Cranmer; one

With my well saying! Hath crawl'd into the favour of the king,

K. Hen.

'Tis well said again; And is his oracle.

And 'tis a kind of good deed, to say well: Nor.

He is vex'd at something. And yet words are no deeds. My father lov'd you : Suf. I would 'twere something that would fret He said, he did; and with his deed did crown the string,

His word upon you. Since I had my office, The master-cord of his heart!

I have kept you next my heart; have not alone

Employ'd you where high profits might come home, Enter the King, reading a Schedule ;' and LOVELL. But par’d my present havings, to bestow

My bounties upon you.

The king, the king.

What should this mean? K. Hen. What piles of wealth hath he accumulated

Sur. The Lord increase this business! (Aside. To his own portion! and what expense by the hour

K. Hen.

Have I not made you Seems to flow from him! How, i' the name of thrift

, The prime man of the state ? I pray you, tell me, Does he rake this together?-Now, my lords ; Saw you the cardinal ?

If what I now pronounce, you have found true : Nor. My lord, we have

And, if you may confess it, say withal,

If you are bound to us or no. What say you ? Stood here observing him : Some strange commotion

Wol. My sovereign, I confess, your royal graces, Is in his brain: he bites his lip, and starts;

Shower'd on me daily, have been more than could Stops on a sudden, looks upon the ground, Then lays his finger on his temple; straight,

My studied purposes requite; which went Springs out into fast gait; then, stops again,

Beyond all man's endeavours ; '-my endeavours

Have ever come too short of my desires, Sirikes his breast hard; and anon, he casts His eye against the moon : in most strange postures Have been mine so, that evermore they pointed

Yet, fild with my abilities : Mine own ends We have seen him set himself.

To the good of your most sacred person, and K. Hen.

It may well be ; There is a mutiny in his mind. This morning

The profit of the slate. For your great graces Papers of state he sent me to peruse,

Heap'd upon me, poor undeserver, 1

Can nothing render but allegiant thanks ; As I requir'd: And, wot» you what I found

My prayers to heaven for you; my loyalty,
There ; on my conscience, put unwittingly?

Which ever has, and ever shall be growing,
Forsooth, an inventory, thus importing,
The several parcels of his plate, his treasure,

Till death, that winter, kill it.
K. Hen,

Fairly answer'd; Rich stuffs, and ornaments of household ; which

A loyal and obedient subject is
I find at such proud rate, that it outspeaks

Therein illustrated : The honour of it
Possession of a subject.
It's heaven's will;

Does pay the act of it: as, i’ the contrary,

The foulness is the punishment. I presume,
Some spirit put this paper in the packet,

That, as my hand has open'd bounty to you,
To bless your eye withal.
K. Hen.
If we did think

My heart dropp'd love, my power rain'd honour, His contemplation were above the earth,

On you, than any; so your hand and heart, And fix'd on spiritual object, he should still

Your brain, and every function of your power, Dwell in his musings : but, I am afraid,

Should, notwithstanding that your bond of duty, Tis thinkings are below the moon, not worth

As 'twere in love's particular, be more Jis serious considering.

To me, your friend, than any."
(He takes his seat, and whispers Lovell, who Wol.

I do profess,
goes to Wolsey.
Heaven forgive me!

That for your highness' good I ever labour'd

More than mine own; that am, have, and will be." Ever God bless your highness !

Though all the world should crack their duty to you, K. Hen.

Good my lord, And throw it from their soul; though perils did You are full of heavenly stuff, and bear the inventory Abound, as thick as thought could make them, and Of your hest graces in your mind ; the which You were now running o'er; you have scarce time As doth a rock against the chiding flood,

Appear in forms more horrid; yet my duty, To steal from spiritual leisure a brief span,

Should the approach of this wild river break, To keep your earthly audit: Sure, in that

And stand unshaken yours. I deem you an ill husband; and am glad

K. Hen.

'Tis nobly spoken . To have you therein my companion.

Take notice, lords, he has a loyal breasi, Wol.


For you have seen him open't.-Read o'er this; For holy offices I have a time; a time

(Giving him papers. To think upon the part of business, which I bear i' the state ; and nature does require Her times of preservation, which, perforce,

the way of gratitude. My endeavours have ever come I, her frail son, amongst my brethren mortal,

too short of my desires, though they have fild, i. 6

equalled or kept pace with my abilities. Must give my tendance to.

6 Steevens says, as Jonson is supposed to have made

some alterations in this play, it may not be amiss to I That the cardinal gave the king an inventory of his subject in The New Inn :

passage before us with another on the same

compare the own private wealth, by mistake, and thereby ruined himself, is a known variation from the truth of history.

"He gave me my first breeding, I acknowledge ; Shakspeare, however, has not injudiciously represented

Then shower'd his bounties on me like the hours the fall of that great man as owing to an incident which

That open-handed sit upon the clouds, he had once improved to the destruction of another. See

And press the liberality of heaven the story related of Thomas Ruthall, bishop of Dur.

Down to the laps of thankful men.' ham, in Holinshed, p. 796 and 797.

7 Beside your bond of duty as a loyal and obedient 2 Sallust, describing the disturbed state of Catiline's servant, you owe a particular devotion to me as your mind, takes notice of ihe same circumstance :-Cilus especial benefactor. modo, modo tardus incessus.'

8 This is expressed with great obscurity ; but seems 3 Know.

Lo mean, 'thai or such a man I am, have been, and will 4 So in Macbeth :

ever be. "To crown my thoughts with acts.'

9 Me velut pelagi rupes rencota, resistit.' 5 Your royal benefits, showered upon me daily, have

En. vii. 596. been more than all my studied purpose could do to re. The chiding flood is the resounding food. To chide, quite, for they went beyond all that man could effect in to babble, and to braul, were synonymous


And, after, this : and then to breakfast, with Wol. It must be himself then.
What appetite you have.

Sur. Thou art a proud traitor, priest. [Exit King, frowning upon CARDINAL Wou- Wol.

Proud lord, thou liest;
SEY: the Nobles throng after him, smiling, Within these forty hours Surrey durst better
and whispering.

Have burnt that tongue, than said so.
What should this mean? Sur.

Thy ambition,
What sudden anger's this ? how have I reap'd it? Thou scarlet sin, robb'd this bewailing land
He parted frowning from me, as if ruin

Of noble Buckingham, my father-in-law: Leap'd from his eyes : So looks the chafed lion The heads of all ihy brother cardinals Upon the daring huntsman that has gall'd him ; (With thee, and all thy best parts bound together) Then makes him nothing. I must read this paper ; Weigh'd not a hair of his. Plague of your policy! I fear, the story of his anger. 'Tis so;

You sent me deputy for Ireland; This paper has undone me ;~'Tis the account Far from his succour, from the king, from all of all that world of wealth Í have drawn together That might have mercy on the fault thou gav'st him; For mine own ends ; indeed, to gain the popedom, Whilst your great goodness, out of holy pity, And fee my friends in Rome. O negligence,

Absolv'd him with an axe. Fit for a fuol to fall by! What cross devil


This, and all else
Made me put this main secret in the packet This talking lord can lay upon my credit,
I sent the king? Is there no way to cure this ? I answer, is most false.' The duke by law
No new device to beat this from his brains ? Found his deserts : how innocent I was
I know, 'twill stir him strongly: Yet I know From any private malice in his end,
A way, if it take right, in spite of fortune

His noble jury and foul cause can witness.
Will bring me off again. What's this ? To the Pope ? If I lov'd many words, lord, I should tell you,
The letter, as I live, with all the business You have as little honesty as honour;
I writ to his holiness. Nay then, farewell ! That I, in the way of loyalty and truth
I have touch'd the highest point of all my greatness ;' Toward the king, my ever royal master,
And, from that full meridian of my glory,

Dare mates a sounder man than Surrey can be, I haste now to my setting: I shall fall

And all that love his follies. Like a bright exhalation in the evening,


By my soul, And no man see me more.

Your long coat, priest, protects you; thou should'st Re-enter the Dukes of Norfolk? and SUFFOLE,

feel the Earl of SURREY, and the Lord Chamberlain.' My sword i' the life-blood of thee, else.—My lords, Nor. Hear the king's pleasure, cardinal: who Can ye endure to hear this arrogance ? commands you

And from this fellow? If we live thus tamely, To render up the great seal presently

To be thus jaded by a piece of scarlet, Into our hands; and to confine yourself

Farewell nobility; let his grace go forward, To Asher-house, my lord of Winchester's,

And dare us with his cap, like larks." Till you hear further from his highness.


All goodness Wol.

Stay, Is poison to thy stomach. Where's your commission, lords ? words cannot Sur,

Yes, that goodness carry

Of gleaning all the land's wealth into one, Authority so weighty.

Into your own hands, cardinal, by extortion ; Suf.

Who dare cross them? The goodness of your intercepted packets, Bearing the king's will from his mouth expressly?. You writ to the pope, against the king : your goodWo!. Till I find more than will, or words to do it,

ness, (I mean your malice,) know, officious lords, Since you provoke me, shall be most notorious.I dare, and must deny it. Now I feel

My lord of Norfolk, as you are truly noble, Of what coarse metal yo are moulded, -envy.


you respect the common good, the state How eagerly ye follow my disgraces,

Of our despised nobility, our issues, As if it fed ye ! and how sleek and wanton Who, if he live, will scarce be gentlemen,Ye appear in every thing may bring my ruin ! Produce the grand sum of bris sins, the articles Follow your envious courses, men of malice; Collected from his life :-I'll startle you You have Christian warrant for them, and, no doubt, Worse than the sacring bell, when the brown wench In time will find their fit rewards. That seal Lay kissing in your arms, lord cardinal." You ask with such a violence, the king

Wol. How much, methinks, I could despise this (Mine, and your master) with his own hand gave me:

man, Bade me enjoy it, with the place and honours,

But that I am bound in charity against it! During my life; and, to confirm his goodness, Nor. Those articles, my lord, are in the king's Tied it by letters patents: Now, who'll take it?

hand : Sur. The king that gave it.

But, thus much, they are foul ones.

So much fairer, 1 Thus in Marlowe's King Edward II: 'Base fortune, now I see that in thy wheel

Winchester, having succeeded Bishop Fox in 1528, There is a point to which when men aspire,

holding the see in commendam. Esher was one of the They tumble headlong down. That point I touch'd; episcopal palaces belonging to that see. And seeing there was no place to mount up higher, 4 That is, “Till I find more than (your malicious) Why should I grieve at my declining fall

will and words to do it, I dare and must deny it." 2 The time of this play is from 1521, just before the 5 i. e. equal. duke of Buckingham's commitment, to 1533, when 6 i. e. orercrorred, overmastered. The force of this Elizabeth was born and christened. The duke of Nor-term may be best inderstood from a proverb given by folk, therefore, who is introduced in the first scene of Coigrave, in v. Rosse, a jade. Il n'est si bon cheval the first act, or in 1522, is not the same person who here, qui n'en deviendroit rosse: It would anger a saint, or or in 1529, demands the great seal from Wolsey; for the crestfall the best man living, to be so used.' former died in 1525. Having thus made two persons 7 Á cardinal's hat is scarlet, and the method of daring into one, so the poet has on the contrary made one per larks is by small mirrors on scarlet cloth, which engages son into ewo. The earl of Surrey here is the same who the attention of the birds while the fowler draws his nete married the duke of Buckingham's daughter, as he him. over them. self tells us : but Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey, who 8 The little bell which is rung to give notice of the married the duke of Buckingham's daughter, was at this elevation of the Host, and other offices of the Romist time the individual above mentioned, duke of Norfolk. church, is called the sacring or consecration bell. Cavendish, and the chroniclers who copied from him, 9 The amorous propensities of Cardinal Wolsey are mention only the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk being much dwelt upon in Roy's Satire against him, printed Bent to demand the great seal. The reason for adding a in the Supplement to Mr. Park's edition of the Harleian third and fourth person is not very apparent.

Miscellany. But it was a common topic of invectiva 3 Asher was itie ancient name of Esher, in Surrey. against the clergy; all came under the censure, and Shakspeare forgot that Wolsey was himself Bishop of many no doubt richly deserved it.

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