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Earl Surrey was sent thither, and in haste too, Shall cry for blessings on him: May he live
Lest he should help his father.

Longer ihan I have time to tell his years ! 2 Gent.

That trick of state Ever belov d, and loving, may his rule be! Was a deep envious one.

And, when old time shall lead him to his end, 1 Gent. At his return,

Goodness and he fill up one monument ! No doubt, he will requite it. This is noted,

Lov. To the water side I must conduct your And generally : whoever the king favours,

grace; The cardinal instantly will find employment, Then give my charge up to Sir Nicholas Vaux, And far enough from court too.

Who undertakes you to end. 2 Gent. All the commons Vaur.

Prepare there, Hate him perniciously, and, o' my conscience, The duke is coming: see, the barge be ready; Wish him ien fathom deep: this duke as much And fit it with such furniture, as suits They love and dote on; call him, bounteous Buck- The greatness of his person. ingham,


Nay, Sir Nicholas, The mirror of all courtesy;'

Let it alone; my state now will but mock me. I Gent.

Stay there, sir, When I came hither, I was lord high constable, And see the noble ruin'd man you speak of. And duke of Buckingham; now, poor Edward Bom

hun :' Enter BUCKINGHAM from his arraignment; Tip- Yet I am richer than my base accusers,

staves before him, the are with the edge towards That never knew what truth meant: I now seal it ;' him; halberts on each side: with him Sir Tho- And with that blood will make them one day groan MAS LOVELL, Sir Nicholas Vaux, Sir Wil

for't. LIAM Sands, and common People.

My noble father, Henry of Buckingham, 2 Gent. Let's stand close, and behold him.

Who first rais'd'head against usurping Richard, Buck.

All good people, Flying for suecour to his servant Banister, You that thus far have come to pity me,

Being distress'd, was by that wretch betray'd, Hear what I say, and then go home and lose me.

And without trial sell; God's peace be with him ! I have this day receiv'd a traitor's judgment,

Henry the Seventh, succeeding, truly pitying And by that name must die ; Yet, heaven bear My father's loss, like a most royal prince, witness,

Restor'd me to my honours, and, out of ruins, And, if I have a conscience, let it sink me, Made my name once more noble. Now his son, Even as the axe falls, if I be not faithful !

Henry the Eighth, life, honour, name, and all The law I bear no malice for my death,

That made me happy, at one stroke has taken It has done, upon the premises, but justice :

For ever from the world. I had my trial, But those, that sought it, I could wish more chris- And, must needs say, a noble one, which makes me tians :

A little happier than my wretched father : Be what they will, I heartily forgive them :

Yet thus far we are one in fortunes,- Both Yet let them look they glory not in mischief, Fell by our servants, by those men we lov'd most; Nor build their evils) on the graves of great men;

A most unnatural and faithless service! For then my guiltless blood must cry against them. Heaven has an end in all : Yet, you that hear me, For further life in this world I ne'er hope,

This from a dying man receive as certain : Nor will I sue, although the king have mercies Where you are liberal of your loves, and counsels, More than I dare make faults. You few that lov'd Be sure, you be not loose ;' for those you make me,

friends, And dare be bold to weep for Buckingham,

And give your hearts to, when they once perceive His noble friends, and fellows, whom to leave

The least rub in your fortunes, fall away Is only bitter to him, only dying,

Like water from ye, never found again Go with me, like good angels, to my end ;

But where they mean to sink ye. All good people, And, as the long divorce of steel falls on me, Pray for me! I must now forsake ye; the last hour Make of your prayers one sweet sacrifice,

of my long weary life is come upon me. And lift my soul to heaven. -Lead on,' o' God's Farewell :

And when you would say something that is sad, 10 Lov. I do beseech your grace, for charity,

Speak how I fell. I have done ; and God forgive If ever any malice in your heart

me! [Exeunt BUCKINGHAM and Train. Were hid against me, now to forgive me frankly.

I Gent. O, this is full of pity !-Sir, it calls, Buck. Sir Thomas Lovell, I as free forgive you, I fear, too many curses on their heads, As I would be forgiven : I forgive all ;

That were the authors. There cannot be those numberless offences

2 Gent.

If the duke be guiltless, 'Gainst me I can't take peace with : no black envy 'Tis full of woe: yet I can give you inkling Shall make my grave.-Commend me to his

Of an ensuing evil, if it fall,

grace: And, if he speak of Buckingham, pray, tell him

Greater than this. You met him half in heaven: my vows and prayers

1 Gent.

Good angels keep it from us ! Yet are the king's; and, till my soul forsake me,



it be ? You do not doubt my faith, sir ? 1 The report in the Old Year Book, referred to above, close my life. Envy is elsewhere used by Shakspeare thus describes him.-Car il fut tres noble prince et for malice or hatred. Unless with Warburton we read prudent, et mirror de tout courtesie.'

* mark my grave;' a very plausible emendation of an 2 The old copy reads "Sir Walter.' The correction error easily made; and which has indeed happened in is justified by Holinshed. Sir William Sands was at this an instance in King Henry V. Aclü. Sc. 2, where the old time (May, 1521) only a knight, not being created Lord copy erroneously reads :-Sands till April 27, 1527. Shakspeare probably did not **To make the full fraught man and best endued know that he was the same person whom he has al. With some supicion." ready introduced with that title. The error arose by

7 The name of The duke of Buckingham most gener. placing the king's visit to Wolsey (at which time sir ally known was Stafford; it is said that he affected the William was Lord Sands) and Buckingham's con- surname of Bohun, because he was lord high constable demnation in the same year; whereas the visit was of England by inheritance of tenure from the Bohuns made some years afterwards.

Shakspeare follows Holinshed. 3 Erils are forcie.

S I now seal my truth, my loyalty, with blood, which 4 Thus in Lord Sterline's Darius :

blood shall one day make them groan. Scarce was the lasting last divorcement made 9 This expression occurs again in Othello :-Betwixt the bodie and the soule.'

"There are a kind of men so loose of soul, 5 Johnson observes, with great truth, that these lines That in their sleeps will mutter their affairs.' are remarkably tender and pathetic.

10 Thus also in King Richard II. : 6 Shakspeare, by this expression, probably meant to

* Tell thou the lamentable tale of me, make the duke say, No action expressive of malice shall And send the hearers weeping to their beds *

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2 Gent. This secret is so weighty, 'twill require | And with what zeal! For, now he has crack'd the A strong faith' to conceal in

league 1 Gent.

Let me have it; Between us and the emperor, the queen's great I do not talk much.

nephew, 2 Gent. I am confident:

He dives into the king's soul; and there scatters You shall, sir: Did you not of late days hear Dangers, doubts, wringing of the conscience, A buzzing, of a separation

Fears, and despairs, and all these for his marriage : Between the king and Katharine ?

And, out of all these to restore the king, 1 Gent.

Yes, but it held? not : He counsels a divorce; a loss of her,
For when the king once heard it, out of anger That, like a jewel, has hung twenty years
He sent command to the lord mayor, straight About his neck, yet never lost her lustre;
To stop the rumour, and allay those tongues. Of her, that loves him with that excellence
That durzt disperse it.

That angels love good men with ; even of her 2 Gent.

But that slander, sir, That, when the greatest stroke of fortune falls, Is found a truth now ; for it grows again

Will bless the king : And is not this course pious ? Fresher than e'er it was ; and held for certain, Cham. Heaven keep me from such counsel! 'Tis The king will venture at it. Either the cardinal,

most true, Or some about him near, have, out of malice These news are every where; every tongue speaks To the good queen, possess'd him with a scruple

them, That will undo her: To confirm this too,

And every true heart weeps for't: All, that dare Cardinal Campeius is arriv'd, and lately ; Look into these affairs, see this main end, As all think, for this business.

The French king's sister : Heaven will one day 1 Gent, "Tis the cardinal;

oper And merely to revenge him on the emperor, The king's eyes, that so long have slept upon For not bestowing on him, at his asking,

This bold bad man. The archbishopric of Toledo, this is purpos’d. Suf.

And free us from his slavery. 2 Gent. I think, you have hit the mark: But is't Nor. We had need pray, not cruel,

And heartily, for our deliverance; That she should feel the smart of this ? The cardinal Or this imperious man will work us all Will have his will, and she must fall

From princes into pages: all men's honours 1 Gent.

'Tis woful. Lie in one lump before him, to be fashion'd We are 100 open here to argue this;

Into what pitch he please." Let's think in private more.

(Exeunt. Suf.

For mc, my lords,

I love him not, nor fear him; there's my creed; SCENE II. An Antechamber in the Palace. En- As I am made without him, so I'll stand,

ter the Lord Chamberlain, reading a Letter. If the king please; his curses and his blessings Cham. My lord,—The horses your lordship sene Touch me alike, they are breath I not believe in, for, with all the care I had, I saw well chosen, ridden, I knew him, and I know him; so I leave him and furnished. They were young, and handsome; To him, that made him proud, the pope. and of the best breed in the north. When they were


Let's in ; ready to set out for London, a man of my lord cardi- And, with some other business, put the king nal's, by commission, and main power, took 'em from From these sad thoughts, that work too much upon

him :me; with this reason,- His master would be served before u subject, if not before the king : which stop- My lord, you'll bear us company ? ped our mouths, sir.


Excuse me ; I fear, he will, indeed: Well, let him have them : The king hath sent me other-where : besides, He will have all, I think.

You'll find a most unfit time to disturb him :

Health to your lordships. Enter the Dukes of NORFOLK and SUFFOLK.

Thanks, my good lord chamberlain, Nor. Well met, my good lord chamberlain.

(Exit Lord Chamberlain. Chan. Good day to both your graces.

NORFOLK opens a folding-door. The King is disSuf. How is the king employ'd ?

covered sitting, and reading pensively. Cham.

I left him private, Full of sad thoughts and roubles.

Suf. How sad he looks! sure, he is much afNor. What is the cause ?

flicted. Cham. It seems, the marriage with his brother's K. Hen. Who is there? ha ? wife


'Pray God, he be not angry. Las crept too near his conscience.

K. Hen. Who's there, I say? How dare you Suf.

No, his conscience thrust yourselves Has crept too near another lady.

Into my private meditations ? Nor.

Who am I? ha ? This is the cardinal's doing, the king-cardinal : Nor. A gracious king, that pardons all offences That blind priest, like the eldest son of fortune, Malice ne'er meant; our breach of duty, this way, Turns what he list. The king will know him one Is business of estate; in which, we come · day.

To know your royal pleasure. Suf. Pray God, he do! he'll never know himself K. Hen.

You are too bold: else.

Go to; I'll make ye know your times of busiNor. How holily he works in all his business !

Is this an hour for temporal affairs ? ha ?I Great fidelity.

2 Steevens erroneously explains this passage, saying for the state of the theatre in Shakspeare's time. When 20 kold is to believe :'it held not here rather means it a person was to be discovered in a different apartment did not sustain itself,' the rumour did not prove true. from that in which the original speakers in the scene So in King Richard IIÍ. Ac ii. Sc. 2 :

are exhibited, the artless mode of that time was, to Doth the news hold of good King Edward's death?' place such person in the back part of the stage, behind 3 See The Winter's Tale, Act i. Sc. 2. Dote 8. the curtains which were occasionally suspended across

I was the main end or object of Wolsey to bring it. These the person who was to be discovered (as about a marriage between Henry and the French king's Henry in the present case,) drew back just at the proper sister, the duchess of Alençon.

time. Norfolk has just said 'Let's in ;' and therefore 5 The meaning is, that the cardinal can, as he pleases, should himself do some act in order to visit the king. make high or low.

This, indeed, in the simple state of the old stage, was 6 The stage direction in the old copy is singular-not attended to ; the king very civilly discovering him• Exit Lord Chamberlain, and the king draws the cur: sell. See Malone's account of the old Theatres, in Mr. sain, ani sits reading pensively.'—This was calculated Boswell's edition, vol. ii.


"Tis so;


to you;


Re-enter WOLSEY, with GARDINER.
Who's there ? my good lord cardinal ?-0, my Wol. Give me your hand: much joy and favour

The quiet of my wounded conscience,

You are the king's now.
Thou art a cure fit for a king. You're welcome, Gard.

But to be commanded (TO CAMPEIUS. For ever by your grace, whose hand has rais'd me. Most learned reverend sir, into our kingdom;

(Aside. Use us, and it:-My good lord, have great care K. Hen. Come hither, Gardiner. I be not found a talker. [76 WOLSET.

(They converse apart. Wol. Sir, you cannot.

Cam. My lord of York, was not one Doctor I would, your grace would give us but an hour

Pace of private couference.

In this man's place before him?
K. Hen.
We are busy: go.

Yes, he was. [T. NORFOLK and SUFFOLK. Cam. Was he not held a learned man? Nor. This priest has no pride in him ?


Yes, surely. Suf. Not to speak of;

Cam. Believe me, there's an ill opinion spread I would not be so sick though, for his

then place:


Even of yourself, lord cardinal. But this cannot continue.


How! of me? Nor. If it do,

Cam. They will not stick to say, you envied him; I'll venture one have at him.

And, fearing he would rise, he was so virtuous, Suf.

I another.

Kept him a foreign man* still ; which so griev'd him, (Eseunt NORFOLK and SUFFOLK. That he ran mad, and died. Wol. Your grace has given a precedent of wis- Wol.

Heaven's peace be with him! dom

That's Christian care enough: for living murmurers, Above all princes, in committing freely

There's places of rebuke. He was a fool; Your scruple to the voice of Christendom: For he would needs be virtuous : That good fellow, Who can be angry now? what envy reach you? If I command him, follows my appointment; The Spaniard, tied by blood and favour to her, I will have none so near else. Learn this, brother, Must now confess, if they have any goodness, We live not to be grip'd by meaner persons. The trial just and noble. All the clerks,

K. Hen. Deliver this with modesiy to the queen. I mean, the learned ones, in Christian kingdoms,

(Exit GARDINER, Have their free voices; Rome, the nurse of judg. The most convenient place that I can think of, ment,

For such receipt of learning, is Black-Friars; Invited by your noble self, hath sent

There ye shall meet about this weighty business :One general tongue unto us, this good man, My Wolsey, see it furnish'd.-0, my lord, This just and learned priest, Cardinal Campeius; Would it not grieve an able man, to leave Whom, once more, I present unto your highness. So sweet a bedfellow? But, conscience, conK. Hen. And, once more, in mine arms I bid

science, him welcome,

O, 'tis a tender place, and I must leave her. And thank the holy conclave for their loves;

(Excunt. They have sent me such a man I would have wish'd

SCENE III. An Antechamber in the Queen's for. Cam. Your grace must needs deserve all stran

Apartments. Enter ANNE BULLEN, and an old

Lady. gers' loves, You are so noble: To your highness' hand

Anne. Not for that neither ;-Here's the pang I tender my commission ; by whose virtue,

that pinches : (The court of Rome commanding,)-you, my lord His highness having lived so long with her : and she Cardinal of York, aro join'd with me, their servant, So good a lady, thai no tongue could ever In the unpartial judging of this business.

Pronounce dishonour of her,-by my life, K. Hen. Two equal men. The queen shall be She never knew harm-doing ;- now, after acquain

So many courses of the sun enthron'd, Forthwith, for what you come :-Where's Gar- Still growing in a majesty and pomp,

-the which diner?

To leave is a thousand-fóld more bitter, than Wol. I know, your majesty has always lov'd 'Tis sweet at first to acquire, -after this process, her

To give her the avaunt ! it is a pity So dear in heart, not to deny her that

Would move a monster. A woman of less place might ask by law,

Old L.

Hearts of most hard temper Scholars, allow'd freely to argue for her.

Melt and lament for her. K. Hen. Ay, and the best, she shall have; and Anne.

0, God's will! much better

She ne'er had known pomp: though it be tempatan To him that does best; God forbid else. Cardinal, Yet, if that quarrel, fortune, do divorce? Pr’ythee, call Gardiner to me, my new secretary; It from the bearer, 'tis a sufferance, panging I find him a fit fellow.

[Exit Wolsey. As soul and body's severing.' I The meaning appears to be, 'Let care be taken bassades, and the same oftentymes not much necessarie that my promise be performed, that my professions of by the Cardinalles appointment, at length he toke such welcome be not found empty talk.'

greefe therwith, that he fell out of his right willes. 2 i. e. so sick as he is proud.

Holinshed.' 3 Steevens reads one heave at him ;' but surely 6 To send her away contemptuously; to pronounce without necessity. To have at any thing or person against her a sentence of ejection. meant to attack it, in ancient phraseology. Surrey 7 I think with Steevens that we should read :afterwards says :-

• Yet if that quarrel, fortune to divorce
hade at you,

It from the bearer,' &c.
First that without the king,' &c.

i. e. if any quarrel happen or chance to divorce it from The phrase is derived (like many other old popular the bearer. To fortune is a verb, used by Shakspeare phrases) from gaming: 'to hore at all,' was to throw in The Two Gentlemen of Verona :for all that was staked on the board, adventuring on the

P'll tell you as we pass along cast an equal stake.

That you will wonder what hath fortuned.' 4 i. e. kept him out of the king's prosenice, employed 9 Thus in Antony and Cleopatra : in foreign embassies.

The soul and body rive not more at parting 5. Aboute this time the king received into favour Doc. Than greatness going off.' tor Stephen Gardiner, whose service he used in matters To pang is used as a verb active by Skelton, in of great secrecie and weight, admitting him in the room book of Philip Sparrow, 1568, sig. Ry:of Dr Pace, the which being continually abroad in am

What heaviness did me pange.'

my favour

hire me,


Old L. Alas, poor lady!

Commends his good opinion to you, and She's a stranger now again.'

Does purpose honour to you no less flowing, Anne.

So much the more Than marchioness of Pembroke ; to which title Must pity drop upon her. Verily,

A thousand pound a year, annual support, I swear, 'tis better to be lowly born,

Out of his grace he adds. And range with humble livers in content,


I do not know, Than to be perk'd up in a glistering grief, What kind of my obedience I should tender; And wear a golden sorrow.

More than my all is nothing :' nor my prayers Old L.

Our content

Are not words duly hallow'd, nor my wishes Is our best having.

More worth than empty vanities; yet prayers, and Anne. By my troth, and maidenhead,

wishes, I would not be a queen.

Are all I can return. 'Beseech your lordship, Old L.

Beshrew me, I would, Vouchsafe to speak my thanks, and my obedience, And venture maidenhead fort; and so would you, As from a blushing handmaid, to his highness; For all this spice of your hypocrisy :

Whose health, and royalty, I pray for. You, that have so fair parts of woman on you, Cham.

Lady, Have too a woman's heart; which ever yet I shall not fail to approve the fair conceit, Affected eminence, wealth, sovereignty;

The king hath of you.—I have perus’d her well; Which, to say sooth, are blessings : and which gifts

(Aside. (Saving your mincing) the capacity

Beauty and honour in her are so mingled, Of your soft cheveril conscience would receive, That they have caught the king and who knows yet, If you might please to stretch it.

But from this lady may proceed a gem, Anne.

Nay, good troth, - To lighten all this isle ?!—I'll to the king, Old L. Yes, troth, and troth,—You would not And say, I spoke with you. be a queen ?


My honour'd lord. Anne. No, not for all the riches under heaven.

(Erit Lord Chamberlain. Old L 'Tis strango; a threepence bowed would Old L. Why, this it is; see, see !

I have been begging sixteen years in court
Old as I am, to queen it: But, I pray you, (Am yet a courtier beggarly,) nor could
What think you of a duchess ? have you limbs Come pat betwixt too early and too late,
To bear that load of title?

For any suit of pounds: and you, (O fate !)
No, in truth.

A very fresh-fish here, (fye, fye upon OW L Then you are weakly made: Pluck off a This compell?d fortune !) have your mouth fill'd up, little ;"

Before you open it. I would not be a young count in your way,


This is strange to me.
For more than blushing comes to : if your back Old L. How tastes it? is it bitter? forty pence, °
Cannot vouchsafe this burden, 'tis 100 weak
Ever to get a boy.

There was a lady once ('tis an old story,)
How you do talk !

That would not be a queen, that would she not, I swear again, I would not be a queen

For all the mud in Egypt:11-Have you heard it ? For all the world.

Anne. Come, you are pleasant.
Old L.
In faith, for little England Old L.

With your theme, I could You'd venture an emballing :: I myself

O'ermount the lark. The marchioness of Pembroke Would for Carnarvonshire, although there 'longd A thousand pounds a year! for pure respect; No more to the crown but that. Lo, who comes No other obligation : By my life, here?

That promises more thousands : Honour's train Enter the Lord Chamberlain.

Is longer than his foreskirt. By this time,

I know, your back will bear a duchess ;-Say, Cham. Good morrow, ladies. What wer't worth Are you not stronger than you were ? to know


Good lady, The secret of your conference ?

Make yourself mirth with your particular fancy, Anne.

My good lord, And leave me out on't. Would I had no being, Not your demand; it values not your asking:

If this salute my blood a jot; it faints me,
Our mistress' sorrows we were pílying.

To think what follows.
Cham. It was a gentle business, and becoming The queen is comfortless, and we forgetful
The action of good women : there is hope, In our long absence : Pray, do not deliver
All will be well.

What here you have heard, to her.
Anne. Now I pray God, amen!

Old L

What do you think me ? Chem. You bear a gentle mind, and heavenly

(Exeunt. blessings

SCENE IV. A Hall in Black-Friars. Trumpets Follow such creatures. That you may, fair lady, sennet,'? and cornets. Enter (wo Vergers, with Perceive I speak sincerely, and high note's Ta'en of your many virtues, the king's majesty and Antony and Cleopatra are not exactly in point ; for

the word 'commend, in both those instances, signifies 1 The revocation of her husband's love has reduced commit. her to the condicion of an unfriended stranger.

7 Not only my all is nothing: but if my all were more 2 Our best possession.

than it is, it were still nothing: 3 Cheveril is kid leather, which, being of a soft yield. 8 To approve is not, as Johnson explains it, here, to Ing nature, is often alluded to in comparisons for any strengihen by commendation, but to confirm (by the re. thing pliant or flerible.

port he shall make) the good opinion the king has 4 Anne Bullen declining to be either a queen or a formed. duchess, the old lady says, "pluck off a little :' let us 9 The carbuncle was supposed by our ancestors to descend a little lower, and so diminish the glare of pre have intrinsic light, and to shine in the dark : any other ferment by bringing it nearer your own quality. gem may reflect light, but cannot give it.

5 i e. you would venture to be distinguished by the 10 Forty pence was in those days the proverbial ex. ball, the ensign of royalty, used with the sceptre at co- pression of a small wager. Money was then reckoned ronations.-Johnson.

by pounds, marks, and nobles. Forty pence, or three 6 I cannot but be surprised that Malone should have and fourpence, is half a noble, and is still an established made any difficuky about the reading of the text :- legal fee. the king's majesty

11 The fertility of Egypt is derived from the mud and Commends his good opinion to you."

slime of the Nile. I is one of the most common forms of epistolary and 12 This word sennet, about which there has been so colloquial compliment of our ancestors, whose letters much discussion to little purpose, is nothing more than frequently terminate with ' and so I commend me to the senne of the old French, or the segno or segnata of you, or begin with ' After my hartie commendacions to the Italians, a signal given by sound of trumpet – sig. you.' &c. The instances cited by Slet vens from Lear num dare buccina.'

short silver wands ; nect them, two Scribes, in the With many children by you: II, in the course habits of doctors ; after them, the Archbishop of And process of this time, you can report, Canterbury alone ; after him the Bishops of Lin- and prove it too, against mine honour aught, coln, Ely, Rochester, and Saint Asaph; next My bond to wedlock, or my love and dutý, them, with some small distance, follows a Gentle- Against your sacred person,4 in God's name, man bearing the purse, with the great seal, and a Turn me away; and let the foul'st contemp cardinal's hat; then two Priests, bearing cach a Shut door upon me, and so give me up silver cross; then a Gentleman Úsher bæreheaded, To the sharpest kind of justice. Please you, sir, accompanied with a Sergeant at Arms, bearing a The king, your father, was reputed for silver mace ; then two Gentlemen, bearing two A prince most prudent, of an excellent great silver pillars ;' after them, side by side, the And unmatch'd wit and judgment: Ferdinand, iwo Cardinals, Wolsey and 'CAMPEIUS ; two My father, king of Spain, was reckond one Noblemen with the sword and mace. Then enter The wisest prince, that there had reign'd by many the King and Queen, and their Trains. The King A year before: It is not to be question'd takes place under the cloth of state; the two That they had gather'd a wise council to them Cardinals sit under him as judges. The Queen of every realm, that did debate this business, takes place at some distance from the King. The Who deem'd our marriage lawful: Wherefore I Bishops place themselves on each side the court

humbly in manner of a consistory; between them, the Beseech you, sir, to spare me, till I may Scribes. The Lords sit next the Bishops. 'The Be by my friends in Spain advisd; whose counsel Crier and the rest of the Attendants stand in con- I will implore: if not ; i' the name of God, venient order about the stage.

Your pleasure be fulfilld !5

You have here, lady, Wol. Whilst our commission from Rome is read, (And of your choice,) these reverend fathers; men Let silence be commanded.

Of singular integrity and learning, K. Hen.

What's the need ?

Yea, the elect of the land, who are assembled It hath already publicly been read,

To plead your cause: It shall be therefore bootless, And on all sides the authority allow'd;

That longer you desire the court ;' as well
You may then spare that time.

Be't so :-Proceed. What is unsettled in the king.

For your own quiet, as to rectify Scribe. Say, Henry king of England, come into Cam.

His grace the court.

Hath spoken well, and justly: Therefore, madam, Crier. Henry king of England, &c.

It's fit ihis royal session do proceed; K. Hen. Here.

And that, without delay, their arguments Scribe. Say, Katharine queen of England, come Be now produc'd, and heard. into court.

Q. Kath.

Lord cardinal,Crier. Katharine queen of England, &c. To you I speak.

Wol. (The Queen makes no answer, rises out of her chair,

Your pleasure, madam?
Q. Kath,

Sir, goes about the court, comes to the King, and kneels I am about to weep; but, thinking that at his feet; then speaks.?]

We are a queen (or long have dream'd so,) certain, Q. Kath. Sir, I desire you, do me right and jus- The daughter of a king, my drops of tears

I'll turn to sparks of fire. And to bestow your pity on me: for


Be patient yet. I am a most poor woman, and a stranger,

Q. Kath. I will, when you are humble; nay, Born out of your dominions ; having here

before, No judge indifferent, nor no more assurance Or God will punish me. I do believe, of equal friendship and proceeding. Alas, sir, Induc'd by potent circumstances, that In what have I offended you? what cause You are mine enemy; and make my challenge,? Hath my behaviour given to your displeasure, You shall not be my judge: for it is you, That thus you should proceed to put me off, Have blown this coal betwixt my lord and me, And take your good grace from me? Heaven wit- Which God's dew quench !—Therefore, I say again, ness,

I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul, I have been to you a true and humble wife, Refuse you for my judge;whom, yet once more, At all times to your will conformable :

I hold my most malicious foe, and think not Ever in fear to kindle your dislike,

At all a friend to truth, Yea, subject to your countenance; glad, or sorry,


I do profess,
As I saw it inclin'd. When was the hour, You speak not like yourself; who ever yet
I ever contradicted your desire,

Have stood to charity, and display'd the effects
Or made it not mine too? Or which of your friends of disposition gentle, and of wisdom
Have I not strove to love, although I knew O'ertopping woman's power. Madam, you do me
He were mine enemy? what friend of mine

wrong: That had to him deriv'd your anger, did I I have no spleen against you; nor injustice Continue in my liking ? nay, gave notice

For you, or any : how far I have proceeded, He was from thence discharg'd ? Sir, call to mind Or how far further shall, is warranted That I have been your wife, in this obedience, By a commission from the consistory, Upward of twenty years, and have been blest Yea, the whole consistory of Rome. You charge

me, 1 Ensigns of dignity carried before cardinals.

2 • Because she could not come directly to the king parted from thence. Many supposed that she would for the distance which severed them, she took pain to go have resorted again to her former place; but she took about unto the king, kneeling down at his feet,' &c. - her way straight out of the house, leaning (as she was Carendish's Life of Wolsey, vol. i. p. 149, ed. 1825. wont always to do) upon the arm of her general re

3 This speech is taken from Holinshed (who copiesceiver Master Griffiths.'-Life of Wolsey, p. 152. from Cavendish) with the most trifling variations. Hall 6 That you desire to protract the business of the has given a different report of the queen's speech, court. "To pray for a longer day,' i. e. a more distant which, he says, was made in French, and translated by one, is yet the language of the bar in criminal trials. him from notes taken by Campeggio's secretary.

7 Challenge here (says Johnson) is a law term. The * That is, 'If you can report and prove aught against criminal, when he refuses a juryman, says 'I chalmine honour, my love and duty, or aught against your lenge him.' sacred person,' &c.

8 These are not the mere words of passion, but tech i The historical fact is, that the queen staid for no re. nical terms of the canon law: detestor and recuso. Th : ply to this speech. Cavendish says, 'And with that she former, in the language of canonists, signifies no more ruse up, making low courtesy to the king, and so de. than I protest against.-Blackstone.

tice ;3

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