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Printed for and sold by Daniel ISAAC EATON, Printer and

Bookfeller to the Supreme Majesty of the People, at the Cock and SWINE, No. 74, Newgate street,



For the Editor of the PHILANTHROPIST.

CITIZEN. The infertion of the following extra&t from VOLNEY's much admired

work, entitled A survey of the Revolutions of Empires,will greatly oblige, Your's & C.



SCARCELY had the genius from the Weft; and turning

to himself these words, than an immense noise

corp perceived, at the extremity of the my eyes to that

the country of one of the European nations, a prodigies movement, similar to what exists in the bosom of a large city when pervaded with fedition, an innumerable people, like waves, fluctuate in the streets and public places. My ear itruck with their cries, which ascended to the very heavens, distinguished at intervals these phrases.

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" What is this new prodigy? what this cruel and mysterious scourge? we are a numerous people, and we want strength! we have an excellent soil, and we are destitute of provision! we are active and laborious, and we live in indigence ! we pay enormous taxes, and we are told that they are not sufficient !

-What then, is the secret enemy that devours us?”

From the midst of the concourse, some individual voices replied " Eredt a standard of distinction, and let all those who by useful labours, contribute to the support and maintainence of society, gather round it, and you will discover the enemy that preys on your vitals.”

The standard being erected, the nation found itself suddenly divided into two bodies of unequal magnitude and diffimilar appearance: the one innumerable, and nearly integral, exhibited, in the general poverty of their dress, and in their meagre and sun burnt faces, the mark of toil and wretchedness; the other, a petty groupe, a valueless faction, presented in their rich attire, embroidered with gold and silver, and in their fleek and ruddy complexions, the symptoms of leisure and abundance. Considering these men more attentively, I perceived that the large body was constituted of labourers, artifans, tradesmen, and every profession useful to society; and publia the lesser groupe, there were none but priests, courtiers, military, or ftants, commanders of troops, in short, the civil,

The two bodies I agents of government. looked with astonishment at ch other, I saw the

front to front assembled, and having indignation and resentment spring us in the one, and a sort of

feelings of panic in the other; and the large said to w. small body:

Why ftand you apart? are you not of our nuu her?

No, replied the groupe ; you are the people; we arun privileged class: we have laws, customs, and rights peculiar to ourselves. People. And what labour do you perform in the society?


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Privileged Class. None : we are not made to labour.
People. How, then, have you acquired your wealth?
Privilege: Class. By taking the pains to govern you.

People. To govern us ! and is this what you call governing ? we toil, and you enjoy ; we produce, and you diffipate; wealth flows from us, and you absorb it.-Privileged men, class distinct from the people, form a nation apart, and govern yourselves.

Then deliberating on their new situation, some among the groupe faid, Let us join the people, and partake their burthens and cares; for they are men like ourselves. Others replied, to mix with the herd would be degrading and vile; they are born to serve us, who are men of a superior race. vernors said, the people are mild and naturally servile : let us speak to them in the name of the king, and the law, and they will return to their duty.People! the king decrees, the sovereign ordains.

People. The king cannot decree any thing which the safety of the people does not demand; the fovereign cannot ordain but according to law.

Civil Governors. The law calls upon you for submission.

People. The law is the general will, and we will a new order.

Civil Governors. You are in that case rebels.
People. A nation cannot be a rebel I tyrants only are rebels.

Civil Governors. The king is on our fide, and he enjoins you to submit.

People. Kings cannot be separated from the nation in which they reign. Our king cannot be on your side; you have only the phantom of his countenance.

Then the military governors advanced, and they said, the people are timorous, it is proper to threaten them; they will yield to the influence of force. Soldiers, chastise this infolent “ Swinish multitude !” Peopk. Soldiers, our blood flows in your veins ! will you


strike your brothers ? if the people be destroyed, who will maintain the army?

And the Soldiers, grounding their arms, said to their chiefs we are a part of the people ; we whom you call upon to fight against them.

Then the ecclesiastical governors said: there is but one res source left, the people are fuperftitious, it is proper to 'overawe them with the names of God and religion.

Priests. Our dear brethren, our children, God has commiflioned us to govern you.

People. Produce the patent of his commission.
Priets. You must have faith ; reason leads men into guilt.
People. And would you govern us without reason ?

Priests. God is the God of peace : religion enjoins you to obey.

People. No, justice goes before peace, obedience inplies a law, and renders necessary the cognizance of it.

Priests. This world was intended for trial and suffering.
People. Do you then shew us the example of suffering.
Priests. Would you live without Gods or kings?
People. We abjure tyranny of every kind.
Priests. You must have mediators, persons who may act in

your behalf.

People. Mediators with God, and mediators with the king ! Courtiers and priests, your fervices are too expensive; henceforth we take our affairs into our own hands.

Then the smaller groupe exclaimed, it is all over with us ; the multitude are enlightened. And the people replied, you shall not be hurt; we are enlightened, and we will commit no violence. We desire nothing but our rights : resentment we cannot but feel, but we consent to pass it by: we were slaves, we might now command; but we ask only to be free, and FREE we are.






crops And down from all power be their enemies hurled, For nature ordains that we should be all fhorn, And thus are we crops from the time we are born. Yes nature doth teach, even Paul doth declare, 'Tis a scandalous shame not to cut off Then every

brave freeman no more be a fop, But shew to your foes a Republican crop.

your hair.

In each gallant age men of greatest-renown,
Disdain'd to appear with long hair on their crown,
At Athens each hero who scorn'd to wear chains,
And triumph'd for freedom on Maratha's plains,
At Rome every man who adored Liberty,
Who drove out the Tarquins, and resolv'd to be Free.
Each Brutus, each Cato, were none of them fops,
But all to a man wore Republican crops.

When Frenchmen appeared with long hair on each head,
Then tyranny triumph'd, and Liberty fled,
But cropt they have thrown off the despots controul,
And the love of fair freedom inspires every foul,
Behold with what spirit their Rights now they scan,
And gallantly fight to emancipate man.
Their foes with long hair to fly and wont stop.
For how can they face a Republican crop.


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