## Elements of Surveying: With a Description of the Instruments and the Necessary Tables, Including a Table of Natural Sines |

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### Common terms and phrases

adjusted angle of elevation axis azimuth back-sights base line called centre clamp-screw coincide column comp compass Cosine D Cosine Sine Cotang course curve degrees determined difference of level direction divided double meridian distance draw east elongation error example feet field notes figure given angle given line given point ground Gunter's chain hence horizontal angle horizontal distance horizontal plane hypothenuse inches instrument intersection LatDegDegDegDeg Distance latitude and departure length levelling screws line AC line of collimation logarithm M.
M. Sine marked measure method multiplied natural sines needle object paper parallel passing perpendicular plane of reference protractor radius right angles right-angled triangle rods scale of equal secant side sights similar triangles Sine Sine spider's lines square chains staff subtract surface survey Tang tangent theodolite true meridian vernier plate vertical limb yards