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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
1. Dante, Homer, and Virgil. A group from The Parnassus, one of Raphael's mural paintings in the Vatican.
2. Facsimile of the Codex Mediceus of Virgil, a manuscript of the fifth century. In the Laurentian Library in Florence. The passage given in the illustration is Aeneid V. 668-696. xvii 3. The Ludovisi Juno. In the National Museum, Rome.
this Goethe said, "No words can give any idea of it; it is
4. The Judgment of Paris. A Pompeian wall-painting. In
5. The Jupiter Otricoli (so called, because found at Otricoli, near Rome). In the Vatican Museum. It is the most famous representation of the god extant
6. The Young Augustus and Julius Caesar.
portrait busts in the British Museum.
7. Augustus, as emperor. In the Vatican. See Introd. § 36 8. The Diana of Versailles. Now in the Louvre, Paris.
Introd. § 36
9. Venus Genetrix. In the Louvre, Paris. See Introd. § 36
This Pompeian wall-painting
12. Minerva. She wears an aegis, with the Gorgon's head, and in her right hand supports a winged Victory. At Deepdene, Surrey
13. The Tabula Iliaca, a small gypsum tablet, with sculptured scenes of the sack of Troy. In the centre we see Aeneas and his family leaving the city under the guidance of Hermes (Mercury). Aeneas is carrying Anchises (the latter holding the Penates), and leads Ascanius by the hand, while a female figure (presumably Creusa) follows. Lower down, to our right, the party is embarking. The helmsman Misenus brings up the rear, but the woman is no longer to be seen. The tablet is in the Capitoline
Museum at Rome
14. Map of the Wanderings of Aeneas
15. A Roman Sacrifice. A marble relief in the Louvre, Paris 16. A Roman Harbor, with Ships, Lighthouse, Triumphal Arch, Statues, and Blazing Altar. A relief in the Museo Torlonia, Rome.
17. Mount Aetna from Taormina. From a photograph
21. Atlas supporting the Heavens, which are represented as a
22. The Death of Pentheus. A bronze mirror in the Collegio
23. A Sea-deity and his Family. An enlarged gem
24. Bronze Statue of a Boxer. In the National Museum, Rome 25. Palaemon, seated on a Dolphin. In the Glyptothek, Munich
26. Daedalus and Icarus. A cameo in Naples. The figure behind Daedalus is probably Pasiphae. The seated goddess is Artemis.
27. The Cumaean Sibyl, by Michael Angelo. On the ceiling of the Sixtine Chapel, Rome
28. Proserpina becomes the Bride of Pluto. A Greek vase
painting. The picture shows Demeter, a winged Eros
1 See Furtwängler, Masterpieces of Greek Sculpture, p. 343.
(symbolic of love), Hecate with her torch, and Hermes
29. Charon receiving a Dead Woman from Hermes. A Greek
30. Hercules and Cerberus. On a vase in Naples
34. Marcellus the Younger. The uppermost portion of the great Paris Cameo, of which the main subject (set forth in a lower scene) is the glorification of the emperor Tiberius. In the part reproduced we see the deified Augustus with a sceptre. The soldier with a shield is Drusus, brother of Tiberius, who died in 9 B.C. The figure in Phrygian garb, poised in the air before Augustus, is Aeneas, the ancestor of the Julian family, who holds in his hands a sphere, symbolic of world-power. The figure on the winged horse, which is led by a Cupid, is Marcellus,1 the adopted son and heir of Augustus, whose early death in 23 B.C. was much lamented
35. Ganymede and the Eagle. Greek mirror, with relief.
37. Head of the Venus of Milo, the most famous of the treasures
1 So Furtwängler, Antike Gemmen.