« PreviousContinue »
ing in miniature. It would be tedious to produce instances of this regular conduct in Providence, as it would be superfluous to those who are versed in the natural history of animals. The magnificent harmony of the universe is such, that we may observe innumerable divisons running upon the same ground. I might also extend this speculation to the dead parts of nature, in which we may find matter disposed into many similar systems, as well in our survey of stars and planets, as of stones, vegetables, and other sublunary parts of the creation. In a word, Providence has shewn the richness of its goodness and wisdom, not only in the production of many original species, but in the multiplicity of descants which it has made on every original species in particular.
But to pursue this thought still farther: every living creature, considered in itself, has many very complicated parts, that are exact copies of some other parts which it possesses, and which are complicated in the same manner. One eye would have been sufficient for the subsistence and preservation of an animal; but, in order to better his condition, we see another placed with a mathematical exactuess in the same most advantageous situation, and in every particular of the same size and texture. Is it possible for chance to be thus delicate and uniform in her operations ? Should a million of dice turn up twice together the same number, the wonder would be nothing in comparison with this. But when we see this similitude and resemblance in the arm, the hand, the fingers; when we see one half of the body entirely correspond with the other in all those minute strokes, without which a man might have very well subsisted ; nay, when we often see a single part repeated an hundred times in the same body, notwithstanding it consists of the most intricate weaving of numberless fibres, and these parts differ
ing still in magnitude, as the convenience of their particular situation requires ; sure a man must have a strange cast of understanding, who does not dis
. These duplicates in those parts of the body, without which a man might have very well subsisted, though not so well as with them, are a plain demonstrations ofạn All-wise Contriver; as those more numerous copyings, which are found among the vessels of the same body, are evident demonstrations that they could not be the work of chance. This argument receives additional strength, if we apply it to every animal and insect within our knowledge, as well as to those numberless living creatures that are objects too minute for an human eye: and if we consider how the several species in the whole world of life resemble one another in very many particulars, so far as is convenient for their respec tive states of existence, it is much more probable that an hundred million of dice should be casually thrown an hundred million of times in the same number, than that the body of any single animal should be produced by the fortuitous concourse of matter : And that the like chance should arise in innumerable instances, requires a degree of credulity that is not under the direction of common sense. We may carry this consideration yet farther, if we reflect on the two sexes in every living species, with their resemblances to each other, and those particular distinctions that are necessary for the keep ing up of this great world of life.
There are many more demonstrations of a Supreme Being, and of his transcendent wisdom power and goodness, in the formation of the body of a living creature, for which I refer my reader to other writings, particularly to the sixth book of the poem, entitled Creation, where the anatomy of the human body is described with great perspicuity and
elegance, ud have been particular on the thought which runs through this speculation, because I have not seen it enlarged upon by others lov test out od THE 'C' 1? 9787 To T91 NOVI!".) Putri ODTW 915 si bist bue avion 1: No. 547.4.- THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 276 ani
" 1. Si tulnus tibi, monstratá radice vel herba, proin99
"Non fieret ledins, fugeres radice vel herbá. It is altiv ass is 13.): ' Proficiente nihil curarieryo". To deacut --Sim 5,95 base-out of slitus to
I is very difficult to praise a man without putting him out of countenance. My following correspondent has found out this uncommon art, and, together with his friends, has celebrated some of my Speculations after such a concealed but diverting manner, that if any of my readers think I am to blame in publishing my own commendations, they will allow I should have deserved their censure as mych, had I suppressed the humour in which they are conveyed to me.
SIR, “ I AM often in a private assembly of wits of both sexes, where we generally descant upon your speculations, or upon the subjects on which you have treated. We were last Tuesday talking of those two volumes which you have lately published. Some were commending one of your papers, and some another; and there was scarce a single person in the company that had not a favourite speculation. Upon this a man of wit and learning told us, he thought it would not be amiss if we paid the Spectator the same compliment that is often made in our public prints to Sir William Read, Dr. Grant, Mr. Moor, the apothecary, and other eminent physicians, where it is usual for the patients to publish the cures which bave been made upon them, and the
severál distempers under which they laboured. The proposal took, and the lady where we visited having the two last volumes in large paper interleaved for her own private use, ordered them to be brought down, and laid in the window, whither every one in the company retired, and writ down a particular advertisement, in the style and phrase of the late ingenious compositions which we frequently meet with at the end of our news-papers. When we had finished our work, we read thein with a great deal of mirth at the fire-side, and agreed, nemine contradicente, to get them transcribed, and sent to the Spectator. The gentleman who made the proposal entered the following advertisement before the titlepage, after which the rest succeeded in order.
* Remedium efficax et universum ; or, an effectual remedy adapted to all capacities; shewing how any person may cure himself of ill-nature, pride, partyspleen, or any other distemper incident to the human system; with an easy way to know when the infection is upon him. This panacea is 'as innocent as bread, agreeable to the taste, and requires no confinement. It has not its equal in the universe, as abundance of the nobility and gentry throughout the kingdom have experienced.
“ N. B. No family ought to be without it."
Over the two Spectators on Jealousy, being the two
first in the third volume. WI, William Crazy, aged threescore and seven, having been for several years afflicted with uneasy doubts, fears and yapours, occasioned by the youth and beauty of Mary, my wife, aged twenty-five, do hereby, for the benefit of the public, give notice, that I have found great relief from the two following doses, having taken them two mornings together with a dish of chocolate. Witness my hand, &c.".
For the benefit-of the poor.nama! “In charity, to such as are troubled with the disease of levee-hunting, and are forced to seek their bread every morning at the chamber-doors of great men, I, A. B. do testify, that for many years past
I laboured under this fashionable disteniper, but was cured of it by a remedy, which I bought of Mrs. Baldwin, contained in a half-sheet of
paper, marked No. 193, where any one may be provided with the same remedy, at the price of a single pennya
“ An infallible cure for Hypochondriac Melant choly. No. 173, 184, 191, 203, 209, 221, 233, 235, 239, 245, 247, 251. Probatum est. s.
CHARLES EASY.".... " I, Christopher Query, having been troubled with a certain distemper in my tongue, which shewed itself in impertinent and superfluous interrogatories, have not asked one unnecessary question since my perusal of the prescription, marked No.228.”
“ The Britannie Beautifer ; being an Essay on Modesty, No. 231, which gives such a delightful blushing colour to the cheeks of those that are white or pale, that it is not to be distinguished from a natural fine complexion, nor perceived to be artificial by the nearest friend: is nothing of paint, or in the least hurtful. It renders the face delightfully handsome; is not subject to be rubbed off, and cannot be paralleled by either wash, powder, cosmetic, &c. It is certainly the best beautifier in the world.
" MARTHA GLOWORM."
“ I, Samuel Self, of the parish of St. James's, having a constitution which naturally abounds with acids, made use of a paper of directions, marked No, 177, recommending a healthful exercise called Good-nature, and have found it a most excellent sweetener of the blood."