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This volume (1000 copies) was (the Persian and Hindostanee.) published in July, 1802. After the animating effects which had that was done, the Missionaries followed the distribution of the proceeded to print a hundred Bengalee Testament, and the copies of the Psalms and Isaiah, general countenance of the pubfor a class book for the College. lic, encouraged them, in the year This was finished the January 1803, to enter upon a plan for the following. By the end of the translation of the Scriptures into year 1802, it was calculated that various other languages.
But 30,000 tracts had been distribu- the account of this plan, with its ted. A cordial friend to the Mise execution, will be altogether resion (who appears to have been served for a future Number. William Hunter, Esq. of the Col. That year they collected for the lege,) had begun to translate the translation $102,56, and baptised, New Testament into Hindosta- besides William Carey, (Mr. Canee, which gave occasion to Mr. rey's second son,) thirteen naCarey to say, “I have much de- tives, one of whom was a brahsired 10 see the Bible printed in min of Assam.t Bengalee and Hindostanee be Mr. Fernandez was ordained fore I die.” That year the Mis- to the work of the ministry, Jan. sionaries baptised seven natives, 16, 1804, and began to preach and two others, one a German la- at Dinagepore, in a brick house dy since married to Mr. Carey, which he himself bad reared. The sum collected for the trans The same month Mr. Chamber. lations that year amounted to lain was chosen to begin a new only $78,23.*
establishment at Cutwa, on the On the 27th of January, 1803, Ganges, 70 miles from SeramMr. and Mrs. Chamberlain ar pore, to which station he repairrived.
Pelumber Shingo, the ed in May, and removed his famfirst native preacher, delivered ily in July. On the 5th of Febbis first sermon on the 6th of ruary Petumber Shingo and March. Kristno Presaud, son in Kristno Pawl were set apart to law to Kristno Pawl, and the first the work of the ministry. brahmin that was baptised, be- April the Missionaries had began to preach in May In Au- gun to print Mr. Carey's Shangust, only 600 copies of the first scrit Dictionary for the use of the edition of the New Testament College, the Council of which remaining on hand, they began had agreed to take a hundred to print 1500 copies of a new and copies of the work. They were improved edition. Hitherto the repairing at the same time the Missionaries had undertaken on
Mission-house, and enlarging the ly one translation, but the prepar. buildings appropriated to the ations making in the College for school, which had increased so the study of various languages, much that the English departand a more general work of ment contained forty boarders, translation, the commencement and seven day scholars, besides already made in two versions, their own children In May the
Mission received from a friend a 'N. Y. M. M. vol. iii, p. 47 5. Vol. 1. p. 245, 247. Pan, vol. vi, p. 39. † Nar. p 31-35, 37, 62, 63. Pan. Ch. Res. p. 89, 90. Nar. p. 32, (2. vol. vi. p. 39.
donation of 200 rupees. The ex. undertaking. The Society and penses of the Mission for the first College engaged to pay an annual five years of their residence at stipend of 4506 sterling, and Mr. Serampore, amounted to 13,0006 Carey, and Mr. Marshman un. of which they had received from dertook the work. The first thing England only 5,740% 178. 7d. that issued from the press under and even that sum they had vest- this patronage, was a volume ed in the real estate belonging containing a translation of the to the establishment; the rest first book of the Ramayuna of had been supplied by their own Valmeeki, a poem supposed to industry, and the benefactions of be more ancient than any of the friends in India. That year they Puranas. baptised a son of Mr. Fernandez, In the beginning of 1805 Mr. and fourteen natives.
Carey was still employed in comIn printing the second edition piling his Shanscrit Grammar. of the New Testament, besides Before he finished that work he the 1500 copies of the whole, they was appointed Teacher of the struck off 10,000 extra copies of Mahratta language in the ColLuke, Acts, and Romans. In lege; and he has published, be. September the Testament was in sides various other things, a great forwardness, and the edi- Grammar of each of the three tion of 10,000 was begun. By the languages which he taught. 8th of February, 1805, the sepa The concerns of the Mission rate edition of Luke was nearly were now becoming exceedingly finished, and the printing of the various and important. The four general Testament advanced to families, (for Mr. Ward was marthe First of Thessalonians. An- ried to Mrs. Fountain, and Felix other voluine of the Old Testa- Carey had been married in Octoment, comprising the books from ber,) constituted but one; and Job to Canticles inclusive, (inak- that family, including boarders. ing the third volume in the set,) found its workmen, and servants, was printed to the 136th Psalm.* amounted to no less than seventy
Mr. Carey had proposed to persons, besides the native breththe Council of the College to ren who often visted them. The publish all the Shasters, in the Mission-house and other buildShanscrit character, with an En- ings were proportionably large. glish translation. The Council The following deseription drawn agreed to patronize the publica- up by a brother lately arrived, tion, not of the whole, but only is too interesting to be omitted. of the most useful parts. The “The Mission-house-is pleasproposals to translate and print antly situated on the banks of a select portions of these works river (the Hoogly] about half a were also accepted by the Asi- mile wide. As soon as we asatic Society; and Sir John Ans- cend the bank, which is rather truther, its late president, was
steep, we enter a gate with a conspicuous in encouraging the green 120 feet by 90. The first
room we enter, by ascending • Nar. p. 37, 38, 62, 63. B. P. A. vol. i, p. 391. vol. iii, p. 18, 19, 22 + Mem. p. 44, 67 Note. Q R. No. 24, 32, 36, 37, 4'), 41, 60, Pan, vol. ii, i, p. 46 No. vi.. p. 379, 330. Pan. vol. p. 135. vol. ., 39.
vii, p. 273.
steps from the green, is the Mu While these changes were seum, which is about 60 feet by taking place at the Mission 34. There is a room at each end, house, the family was enlarged of the same breadth each way. by the arrival of four new MisThe room for preaching is the sionaries. On the 3d of Januasame size as the Museum, with a ry, 1804, Messrs. Biss, Mardon, room at each end, 24 feet square. Moore, and Rowe, with their The next is the hall or dining families, sailed from England by room, 95 feet by 21. Brother the way of America. They emCarey and Ward's houses form barked again at New York, May the two wings in front, joining 27th, and after a tedious passage the hall. We occupy one of the arrived at Madras, Nov. 12th. Jooms at the end of the Muse. Messrs. Moore and Rowe sailed um, and have a full view of from Madras, Feb. 4, 1805, and Lord Wellesley's park. Brother reached Serampore the 22d of Marshman's is not quite so large that month. The rest of the as the Mission-house, and is a- company arrived on the 8th of bout a hundred yards farther up May. By this accession the numthe river. The girls' school is ber of Missionaries was increaskept in it; the boys' school lies ed to ten, (including Mr. Fer. between the two houses, as do nandez and Felix Carey,) besides also the printing and binding offi- two natives. To that number ces, and foundery for the types. was presently addled William There are several other buildings Carey, jun. who as early as Au. on the premises, which consist gust of that year was employed of about eight acres of land.” in missionary labors, though not Some four weeks after this, the so soon ranked among the numMissionaries purchased a large ber of Missionaries. The same estate adjoining them on the East, month Petumber Shingo was reconsisting of an extensive lot moved by death.* with many buildings. By enlarg Mr. Carey, who had no private ing one of their buildings they table or purse, though he was formed soon after a new print- engaged at the College, still ing office, of which Mr. Ward, with his family resided at Serin June, gave the following ac- ampore, where every Monday he count: “It is sixty five feet long, delivered a lecture on Astronoand thirty five feet broad, with my, Geography, &c. In Seppillars down the middle. The tember it was determined to press room, with three presses, have a lecture once a fortnight and the binding office, are direct on the Languages and Religions ly opposite one end of the com- of the East. Mr. Carey had till posing-room, and are large and then been the sole pastor of the excellent buildings.” Here they church; but in October Messrs. employed the natives, but were Marshman and Ward were choobliged first to teach them the
sen co-pastors with him; and the art of printing. It appears by a four new Missionaries, together clause in the missionary journal for April of the preceding year,
* B. P. A. Vol. iii, p. 25, 26, 36, 42, that there were then aniong the
50, 99, 100, 105-108, 111, 113, 115
157, 162, 175, 180, 188, 211, Nar. p. workmen in the printing office, 28, 37, 39. M. 3. M. M. Vol. ii, p. ten unconverted brahmins.
150. VOL. V. New Series.
with Kristno Pawl and Kristno the country. These suggestions Presaud, were set apart to the excited so much alarm that the office of deacons. Kristno Pre- two Missionaries by an order of saud died the next year.
council were directed to return In the beginning of October to Europe, and Capt. Wickes not a copy of the first edition of was refused a clearance unless the New Testament remained he would transport them out of on hand, and the second edition the country. But when it was was almost completed. The represented that they were unthird volume of the Old Testa- der the protection of the King of ment, of which they struck off Denmark, and were willing still nine hundred copies, (besides to submit to the wishes of govnine hundred extra copies of the ernment, Capt. Wickes was fur: Psalms, was finished. That nished with his passports. year they baptised Mrs. Felix There were now fourteen Mis. Carey, three other Europeans, sionaries, including William and twenty nine natives.
Carey, jun. and Kristno Pawl; On the 27th of January, 1806, and besides them there were a church was formed at Dinage- seven natives of respectable tal, pore, consisting of Mr. Fernan- ents who were employed as exdez, Mr. and Mrs. Biss, and six horters, and several others, less natives, all dismissed from the distinguished, who accompanied church of Serampore. Mr. Fer, and assisted them in their iting nandez was chosen their pastor, erations. and about the same time made a That year the second edition donation to the mission of 10,000 of the New Testament was pub, rupees.t
Jished, and Mr. Brown, Provost Messrs. Chater and Robinson of the College, pronounced both sailed from London, in the ship that and the version of the Old Benjamin Franklin, Captain Testament to be "a most admirWickes, on the 12th of April, able translation.” The Mission. and arrived in India Aug. 23d. aries baptised the same year one On presenting themselves at the Englishman and twenty four na: police office, it was with difficul- tives. ty that they obtained permission In the beginning of 1809, Mr. to proceed to Serampore. Sir Biss was reduced so low with a George Barlow, then Governor liver complaint that he was oGeneral, had just received infor- bliged to leave the country. He mation of the mutiny that had embarked with his family for taken place in July among the Europe on the 5th of January, Seapoys (native troops) at Vel- and died on his way to America, lore, in the Kingdom of Mysore; February 5th. This reduced the and the enemies of the Gospel number of Missionaries to thir. loudly charged that insurrection teen, including one native. and massacre to the measures Though Mr. Chater and Mr. taken to change the religion of Robinson had been suffered to
remain in the country, the gove • B P. A. Vol. ii, p. 115. Nar. p.
ernment were not satisfied. To 42, 43, 62, 63, 64
Pan. Vol. vi, p
remove all uneasiness, therefore, 39. N. Y. M. M. Vol. iv, p. 247.
it was determined to attempt a + B. P, A. Vol, iii, p. 223, 228.
Mission to the Birman Empire,
and Messrs. Chater and Mar In the course of the year 1807, don sailed for Rangoon, in Janu- the edition of 10,000 copies of ary, on a voyage of discovery. Luke, Acts, and Romans, was Early in the year a church was published, as was the fourth vol. formed at Cutwa; and another, ume of the Old Testament, (1000 of which Ram Mohun and Kare copies,) comprising the prophetonee were chosen deacons, was ical books. This volume by the founded in Jessore. On the last first of August was advanced as day of May, Ram Mohun was far as Joel, and at the close of set apart to the work of the min- the year not only that was finishistry. By this timc the two ed, but the remaining volume brethren had brought back from (the second in the set,) comprisRangoon a favorable account and ing the historical books, was intended in three or four months carried forward through Joshua, to return there to settle. Mr and a part of Judges. The whole Mardon was afterwards obliged Bible was now printed, except by ill health to decline the un from the 7th chapter of Judges dertaking, and Felix Carey con to the end of Esther. That year sented to take his place. Hav- they baptised nine natives and ing formed themselves into a eleven other persons.* church, and chosen Mr. Chater
Serampore was taken by the their pastor, Mr. and Mrs. Cha- English on the 28th of January, ter, and Mr. and Mrs. F. Carey, 1808, but without producing any towards the end of November effect upon the Mission. In embarked for Rangoon, and ar- February Mr. and Mrs, Mardon, rived there in eighteen days. Kristno Dass and several other Felix Carey, who had studied natives, were formed into a medicine at Calcutta, soon in- church at Goamalty, and Mr. gratiated himself with the Bir. Mardon was stationed at that mans, by introducing among place. The same month Kristno them the Vaccine Inoculation. Dass was ordained to the work About the same time Mr. Moore of the ministry. About that time was stationed at Miniary, (or as Carapeit Chator Aratoon, by it is sometimes written Muno- birth an Armenian, was sent to haree,) the late residence of Mr. take charge of the church in Jes. Grant, a distinguished benefac
sore. By these additions the tor of the Mission, who had died number of Missionaries was inin October.
creased to sixteen, viz. eleven There were now four Baptist Europeans, one born at Macao, churches in Bengal, (at Seram- either of Portuguese or Italian pore, Dinagepore, Cutwa, and in extraction, (Mr. Fernandez,) one Jessore,) one of which was ex• Armenian, and three Hindoos. pected soon to be divided into The next Autumn Kristno Pawl two, and a new one was about to
was fixed at Calcutta, and Wilbe formed in another place. liam Carey, jun. about the same There was a fifth church at Rangoon. Altached to the Mission *M. B. M M. vol i, p. 297. Vol. were fourteen ministers, includ. jj, p. 6, 45, 67, 130. Nar. p. 43–51, ing two natives, (Kristno Pawl, 51-56, 64, 65. Pan. vol. iii, p. 333.
Vol. vi, 39. N. Y. M. M vol. iv, p. and Ram Mohun,) besides five or 247. B. P. A. vol. iii, p. 124, 125. six native exhorters.
Q: 1. No, 1, p. 179, 18v.