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most parts of the earth for His commencing the Baptist Mission, possession. Who does not know must be divided between Jobn that the last twenty years have Thomas and William Carey, two been different years to Zion from names that will ever be dear to any which went before? Who has Zion. Without any knowledge not heard of the uncommon effu- of each other, they separately sions of the Divine Spirit in formed the design; their hands Great Britain and America dur. were united in the execution. ing this whole period? Who has Mr. Thomas had the honor of pot heard of the establishment beginning tbe Mission without of the London Missionary So- the aid of any Society; Mr. Carey ciety in

1795, of the Brit- created a Society to render the ish and Foreign Bible Society in Mission perpetual. 1804, and the numberless Insti- Analagous to these different tutions of a similar character parts was a difference running which have - since appeared in ihr.ugh their whole characters. Europe and America? Who has Thomas was ardent, impetuous, not heard of the growth of evan- eloquent; Carey was cool, wise, gelical sentiments in the import and systematic. Thomas was ant Church of England, the bold in his designs, but had more general silence which has been talent to form generous purspread among the ranks of Infi. poses than patience to execute delity through the world, the ate them; Carey was slow and pertention every where excited to severing. Thomas, munificent, prophecies, and the illustration rather wanting in economy,

hich they have received from and full of the most tender senthe dispensations of Prov. sibility, was fitted to be the good idence? Who cloes no: know Samaritan to the multitudes of that every year of the twenty, poor who needed his medical has strengthened the general aid; Carey, economical and pruhope that the Church is on the dent, could better superintend eve of a better day? Thus while the pecuniary concerns of the the enemy were coming in like Mission. Thomas, with a nerva flood, and Infidelity was threat. ous system screwed up to a noening to extinguish the light of ble and perilous enthusiasm, that Israel, the Lord lifted up his pushed him to great undertakstandard. When the time had ings, while it subjected him to come to visit with the darkness the extremes of joy and depresand plagues of Egypt the nations sion, rendered him irritable, and that had given their power to gave him a tendency even to the bcast, it became light in Go- madness; Carey, sedate and unishen-This effusion could not form. With a point in all he said, be restrained by one who began and pouring every thing from his public course the very month his heart, Thomas could seize, that gave birth to the Society at and penctrate, and bear away his Kettering, and who has had op- audicnce; Carey, less eloquent, portunity to observe the whole but with a remarkablc aptitude progress of these wonderful e- at acquiring languages, was Fents.

better qualified to conduct The honor of originating and the trapslations. “Do not send

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men of any compassion here," it cannot see! It has ears, ... but
says Thomas to the Society, "for it cannot hear! It has a nose,...
you will break their hearts. Do but it cannot smell! It has
send men full of compassion hands, ... but it cannot handle!
here, where many perish with "It has a mouth, ... but it cannot
cold, many for lack of bread, and speak, neither is there any breath
millions for lack of knowledge.” in it!" An old man in the com-
On a time when a large compa- pany, provoked by these self-
ny of brahmins and others were evident truths, added, “It has
assembled to hear him, one of feet, but it cannot run away!"
the most learned, whose name At this a universal shout was
was Mahashoi, offered to dispute heard; the faces of the brahmins
with him. He began by assert- were covered with shame, and
ing that God was in every thing: the worship for that time was
therefore, (said he every thing given up.
is God, you are God, and I am Such was Thomas. Carey on
God. “Fie, fie, Mahashoi," an- the other hand, more fearful of
swered Mr. Thomas, “why do giving offence, holding cautious.
you utter such words? Sahaib

ly the silent tenor of his way,
(meaning himself) is in his pursuing with unremitted in-
clothes: therefore, (pulling off dustry the study of the different
his hat and throwing it on the languages, has attained to the
ground) this hat is Sahaib. No, chair of a Professor, and, in the
Mahashni, you and I are dying opinion of a distinguished writer,
men, but God ever liveth." This is now "a far more learned ori.
short answer confounded his op- entalist than any European has
ponent and fixed the attention of ever been before him." These
the people, while, as he says, he are the two interesting charac.
went on to proclaim one God, ters which I wished in the out.
pne Savior, one way, one fai:h, set to introduce to my readers.*
and one cast, without and besides Mr. Thomas was the son of a
which all the inventions of men deacon of a Baptist church at
are nothing. Being once on a Fairfurd in Gloucestershire. He
journey through the country, he was bred to medicine, and after-
saw a great multitude assem- wards walked the hospitals in
bling for the worship of one of London. Inclined to dissipation,
their gods. He immediately he bade fair at that age to make
approached them, and passing great proficiency in wickedness.
through the company placed After completing his education
himself on an elevation near the he settled in Great Newport-
side of the idol. The eyes of street, and commenced the prac.
all the people were instantly tice of surgery and midwifery.
fixed on him, wondering what Shortly after his marriage, he
he, a European, meant to do. was brought to the knowledge
After beckoning for silence he of the truth under the ministry
thus began: “It has eyes . of Dr. Stennett, in 1731. lis
(pausing and pointing with his
finger to the eyes of the image,

• B, P. A. vol. i, p. 1, 2.

M. B. and then turning his face, by

M. M. vol i, p. 251)-2.3. way of appeal to the people,) but No.1, p. 172, 176, 192, 193, 196.

Q. Ri

affairs soon became embarrassed. He employed Podo Loson a punFinding the world, 'as he ex- dit, or professed instructor, of presses it, more ready to receive Nuddeea, to teach him the Shancredit than give it, he was oblig- scrit language. God gave him ed to sell all and wait in lodge one or two Europeans as seals ings till an offer was made him of his ministry, and encouraged of going to sea. In the year him by some impressions, (which 1783 he took a voyage to Cal. proved not however permanent) cutta in the character of surgeon on several Hindoos, among whom of the Oxford Indiaman. Upon was his moonshee. his return he was baptized in But the harvest required more London, in 1785, and soon after laborers. After spending there. began to preach. He sailed fore five years and a half in the again as surgeon of the same country, he embarked for Engship in 1786, the year in which land about the end of 1791, with the Rev. David Brown, hereafter a view to discharge his debts, to to be mentioned, went out to In- bring out his family, and to endia.

large and strengthen the mission. On his arrival at Calcutta a. While he was in London enbout the middle of the year, he deavoring to raise a fund for formed a connexion with several this great object, he was informreligious persons, and opened ed of the proposed meeting at for them a lecture on Sabbath Kettering. Providentially preevening. By then he was in. 'vented from being present to duced, at the beginning of 1787, witness the formation of the to turn his attention for the first Missionary Society, he wrote time to a permanent residence shortly after to Mr. Carey, inin India, with a view to propa- quiring about the result of the gate the Gospel among the Hin- meeting, and expressing an eardoos

. This pian was so speedily nest desire to obtain a missionamatured that about the middle ry companion. At a meeting of of the year he obtained his dis- the Society in November, 1792, charge from the ship, and sat Mr. Carey communicated the down to learn the language. He views and wishes of Mr. Thomas, could converse a little with the and proposed to unite the two natives in 1788, and had gained objects by taking him into the so much of the language in 1789 service of the Society, which that though his preaching was

was done the next January.* unintelligible through the faulti- Mr. Carey was born on the ness of his pronunciation, he be- 17th day of September, 1761.4 gan by the help of Ram Ram Till the twenty-fourth year of Boshoo, his moonshee or teacher, his age he was a working shoeo translate the Scriptures into maker. His preparations for the Bengalee tongue. He


the ministry seem to have comsued this work till he had trans. menced about the time that Mr. lated and dispersed in maniu

Thomas embarked for India in script a part of Genesis, scject portions of the Prophecies, the

B. P. A. Vol.i, p, 7, 13-32, 53, whole book of Psalms, together i, p. 299, 300.

207. Nar. p. 7, 56. M. B. M. M, rol, ! with Matthew, Mark, and James. + B. P. A, vol.iii, p. 62.

1783.* In 1786, the year of Mr. ened the attention of his brethe Thomas's second voyage, he was ren; while his zeal for missions, invited to preach at Moulton, his thirst for geographical knowl. and in 1787 was ordained pastor edge, and his remarkable aptiof the Baptist church in that tude at learning languages, led town. Before he came to Moul- them to regard him for several ton he was deeply impressed years as peculiarly fitted to be with the state of the heathen employed in such a work. world, and the duty of making His desire to form a Society some exertions to extend to and to enter on a Mission himthem the blessings of the Gospel. self continued to increase, till In reference to this object he at length at a minister's meeting made himself acquainted with held at Clipstone in the spring Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, with of 1791, he brought forward a the geography, population, and proposition for the immediate religion of the various countries formation of a Missionary Sociof the earth, and the labors of ety. Nothing was done, however, Christian Missionaries in differ- at that meeting, but to request ent ages. In his conversations him to prepare for the press his with his brethren, in his prayers Inquiry, and it was printed a few and preaching, he seldom failed months after. At the annual to introduce something relative meeting of the Association in to Missions. While he lived at May, 1792, Mr. Carey preached. Moulton, he wrote “An Inquiry He labored to enforce two points: into the Obligations of Christians First, that it was the duty of to use Means for the Conversion Christians to expect great things; of the Heathen.” In 1790 he Secondly, that it was their duty removed to Leicester, a shire. to attempt great things. The town pleasantly situated on the Association went so far as to die river Sour; but he never con- rect that a plan of a Missionary cealed from that congregation Society should be drawn up to his carnest desire to be employ- be laid before the Ministers' ed as a Missionary whenever an Meeting to be holden at Ketteropportunity should offer. Abouting, in the Autumn. This was the same time he visited Bir- done; and at Kettering, Octomingham, and became acquaint- ber 2, 1792, twelve minised with Mr Pearce, whose kin- ter's formed themselves into a dred soul entered with ardor in- Missionary Society, and subscribe to all his views. His conversa- ed 131. 28. 6d.* At their meet. tions, together with the monthly ing in November the Society prayer meetings, gradually awak received information respecting

Mr. Thomas, and appointed Dr. • Let it be recorded for an encour. Fuller to make further inquiries agement to prayer, that in 1784 an as.

about him. The Committee of sociation of Baptist ministers and

the Society met at Kettering on churches, who were to take the leai! in supporting this Mission, agrees to

the 10th of January, 1793, and set apart an hour on the first Monday after examining the account crening in every month to pray for which Mr. Thomas had drawn the revival of religion, and the extent up of his labors in Bengal, de. sion of the Redeemer's kingdom. This was continued seven years.


termined to take him into the bunds, Mr. Carey erected a mat. service of the Society. Mr. Ca- house, and took land to cultivate. rey at the same time consented Here he continued to exercise to accompany him on a Mission himself in correcting the transto India. In the evening Mr. lation of Genesis. Thomas arrived and acceded to In the mean time an event the proposals.

took place which changed the On the 13th of June, 1793, whole of these calculations, and these Missionaries with their called the Missionaries to a new families sailed in a Danish East. scene of action. A young man Indiaman. On their passage and his wife having been drownMr. Thomas finished his trans- ed near Calcutta, and his mother, lation of the book of Genesis. who lived with her son Mr.U- of They arrived in India Nov. 11th, Malda,being ill through the influ. and soon met with Boshoo, whom ence of grief, Mr. Thomas wrote Mr: Carey employed to teach his friend Mr. U.- a letter of him the language, and to assist condolence. He had just entered him in the translation. On the his new house at Calcutta; when 22d of January, 1794, Mr. Carey he received an answer from Mr. began with the help of his moon- U- pressing him to visit his shee to correct the translation mother as a physician. Mr. of Genesis. Mr. Thomas, in Thomas obeyed the summons, addition to his Shanscrit studies, and set off on a journey of 250 pursued the same work, and that miles. Upon his arrival at Malmonth consulted a printer in da he was offered the superinCalcutta, with whom were the tendence of an indigo factory at types used in the country, about Moypauldiggy, (commonly call. the expense of printing a Ben- ed Moypaul, belonging to Mr. galee Bible. He undertook to U-, and obtained for Mr. Carey support himself at Calcutta by the offer of another, belonging his professional business; but to the same person, at MudnaMr. Carey, whose funds were batty, sixteen miles south of exhausted, was put to great Moypaul, and thirty miles north straits. Early in February tak- of Malda, both in the district of ing his family with him in a Dinagepore. From Moypaul boat, he sailed in pursuit of some which lies a hundred miles from means of subsistence. On the the borders of Bootan (a feuda6th of that month he stopped at tory of Thibet,) you may see Dehatta, about forty miles east the mountains of that country of Calcutta, the residence of the at the distance of 200 or 250 late Charles Short, Esq. super- miles. Mr. Carey received intendant of the salt works at the offer or the first day of that place. Mr. Short, who af- March, and set off with his famterwards married Mrs. Carey's ily for Malda on the 23d of May. sister, generously received the In the boat which conveyed him whole family to his house till he continued to pursue the work their own should be prepared. of translation. When he reache In that neighborhood, within a ed Malda on the 15th of June, he quarter of a mile of the impene. was refreshed by joining once trable forests called the Sunder- more his colleague, and finding Vol. V. Nero Series.


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