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Seccombe, willingly offered of the last summer, I called upthemselves to the work, and on a respectable minister, in a after they had labored in the beautiful village, in the interior places assigned them more than part of the country, who was a year, they were ordained nis- blessed with a congregation that sionaries to the natives in New loved him, but, (as it often hapEngland, by an ecclesiastical pens,) that loved their money council of ministers and dele- better. He told me that he had gates of the churches convened discovered a way to lengthen out at Boston, Dec. 12, 1733.

his small salary, by means that The missionaries, just before might be highly useful to his their ordiuation, gave their pub- people, and would not entangle lic consent, severally, to this himself with the cares of the awful promise and vow, in a world. This said, he led me inmost serious manner.

to a snug little room, and showed “I do now in the presence,

of me a choice collection of reli. Christ, and before this assembly gious books, mostly of the pracas the Lord's witnesses; before tical kind, and well adapted for Gud, angels, and men, willingly the improvement of a village. and freely, with humility and "See,” said he, “I have turned fear, offer myself first unto the bookseller: and while I help myLord, and then to the service of self a little, I am introducing the souls; to the work of the minis

custom of reading, and am scattry in general, and particularly tering among my people infor. to that mission to which I deem mation of the interesting things myself called of God, by his which are taking place in the special and singular providence, Christian world at the present to carry the Gospel among the day.” “The editor of the Panoheathen in our borders. And I plist,” cried I, “shall hear of will, by his grace, so long as God this; and it shall be his fault if gives me opportunity, humbiy, half of the ministers of New diligently and faithfully, apply England do not know it too." myself to this work of the Lord, So, Mr. Editor, you have got to as one that must must give an answer for it if this excellent account of his stewardship.” little plan of disseminating reli. I am yours, &c. E. S.

gious knowledge and informaMilford, (Conn.) Aug. 1812. tion, is not suggested to your P. S. Have we any account

ministerial readers. X. Y. Z. of the labors of these missionaries? How long did they con

We have inserted the foregotinue in the service of the Soci- ing paper just as it was comety?

municated; but do not wish to have it understood, that the plan

suggested is, in our opinion, A GOOD WAY FOR MINISTERS TO


Mr. Editor,

In a journey through a neighboring State in the course

Vol. V. New Series,



XLII. God's Visitation of Sin. providence of God fixes the des

ful Nations; Two Sermons de- iinies of nations; and that palivered in Colrain, on the pub- tional prosperity and national delic fasi, July 23, and after. clension and ruin are dispensed wards in Shelburne, Aug. 20, according to the moral character 1812. By SAMUEL TAG- of nations. These positions no GARI, A. M. Pastor of the considerate reader of the ScripPresbyterian Church in Colo Cures will deny. rain. Published by request. Preparatory to the examinaGreenfield; Denio & Phelps. tion proposed under the second 1812. 8vo. pp. 74.

general division of the discourse,

the author gives a cursory view From an advertisement pre- of the advantages and privileges fixed to these discourses, it ap- which our nation has enjoyed, pears, that they were composed justly inferring that our national about nine months before they guilt is enhanced by the advan. were delivered, without any re tages we have abused. He then ference to the occasion on which proceeds to the melancholy task they were delivered, and without of enumerating our principal naany fixed purpose of delivering tional sins. The first in the catathem on any occasion.' These logue is described as folloys: facts are of use to show, that the warnings and instructions, which “And liere I am constrained in the the author has here embodied, outset, somewhat reluctantly I con. are the fruit of habitual observa: fess, to notice a feature in our national tion, reflection, and study of the government itself, which presents to

my view a national evil of great mag. Scriptures, and not the result of nitude; I mean its being entirely des. a basty preparation for the so tilute of every appearance of a fea. lempities of a public fast.

ture which can be termed religious. The text is Jer. v, 29. Shall And as if the entire silence of the not I visit for these things, saith original constitution had not been

sufficient to calm the fears of the nathe Lord? Shall not my soul be tion, lest something of a religious avenged on such a nation as this?

nature, might possibly, either at one The preacher offers, in the time or another, become in some first place, “some general re

shape connected with the govern. marks on God's visitation of sin. ment, Congress is, by the first amend. ful nations, and the manner in

ment since added to the constitution, which he visits them;" and, any law respecting religion. This is

expressly prohibited from making secondly, notices "some of those

not merely such a limitation of the traits in our national character powers of Congress, as to prohibit which go to show, that, as a na

the establishment by law of any sution, we are exposed to those periority, or the giving of any prefer. righteous visitations of heaven.”

ence to any particular denomination

of Christians above another. It ex. Úvder the first head, he proves, tends to the subject of religion on the by a large induction of particu- broadest ground, i. e. Congress must lars from Scripture, that the give nu preference to Christianity

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above Deista, Judaism, Paganism, ject which is certainly most inti. the impostures of Mahomet, or even mately connected with religion, and above Atheism itself. They must, is in itself an acknowledgment of the by no law, act, or resolution, acknowl. being, omniscience, and moral gov. edge the existence of a Supreme Be. ernment of God, and the accounta. ing, because that would be a law re. bility of man. Where there is no lating to a great and fundamental sense of religious obligation, no awe doctrine of religion with which gove or reverence of a deity, no conscious. ernment has no concern. According ness of his all seeing eye, it is diffi. to a construction given to this article cult to conceive of what use or im. of the constitution, by high authority, portance an oath can be in any case. we find that a bill to incorporate the Government therefore cannot Protestant Episcopal Church of Alex nounce all connexion with religion, andria, in the District of Columbia, without furnishing the means of its for the purpose of enabling the soci. own destruction. But to this length ety the betier 10 manage its temporal does the principle in question lead concerns; and another to bestow up us,"


22-24. on a religious society at Salem, in the Mississippi Territory, the paltry do. The author then enters into nation of five acres of the public an elaborate discussion of the lands, including the spot where they supposed impropriety, that gove had erected a meeting house, boih of

ernment should have any conwhich had passed both bouses of Congress, were objected against and

nexion with religion; and shows, returned, because, by passing these in our opinion conclusively, that bills into laws, Congress would go government need not take an atti. beyond their constitutional limits by rude of entirc indifference to interfering in a subject connected Christianity, in order to preserve with religion. If this construcijon of

civil and religious liberty. He the constitution of the Unised States be just, and it is not my present in.

shows. that for government to tention to call it in question, it pre.

take such an attitude, is, in effects sents a view of the religious situation to array itself against Christianof our country which is truly alarm. ity. ing: Christianity is not only treated with entire neglect, but is absolutely grief and lamentation with gooi

It has long been a topic of proscribed. I see not, but agreeable to this construction of the constitui. men, that not a single feature of tion, Congress has annually violated our national constitution should it by electing chaplains, and giving have borne the impress of the them a trilling compensation out of Christian religion; and that there the public treasury.

At least, the

should be so much evidence of a joint resolution of the two houses, which limits the choice of chaplains disposition to be as independent to particular denominations of Chris. of the eternal God, as of Great tians, to the exclusion of Pagans, Britain. Whether we are guilty, Jews or Mahometans, must be un. as a nation, in this matter, is atı constitutional, because it has the ap. inquiry of serious moment, and pearance of giving Christianity the

not to be settled by uttering the preference above other supposed re. ligions, some of which at least have vulgar cant against bigotry, hya more numerous votaries in the world pocrisy, and superstition. at large than Christianity itself. In Our limits will perinit us to deed, if the separation between reli- do little more than give a detail gion and government must be so en. of the remaining topics. tire, I see not upon what grounds

The second national sin is in. Congress possesses the power of making provision by law for the ad. fidelity, or a disbelief and rejecu ministration of oatlis, as this is a sub

tion of the Gospel.

3. Profaneness.

We had intended to make some 4, Sabbath-breaking.

observations on the danger which 5. Duelling:

impends over New England 6. Making common cause from Sabbath-breaking, and on with the transatlantic enemies the exertions which ought to be of God and religion. This last made to avert this danger; but is a delicate subject, and treated we must leave the subject till with moderation and coolness. another opportunity shall present

Under the third, fourth, and itself. fifth particulars, large extracts These sermons close with are made from papers in the judicious practical reflections. Panoplist for February, and We recommend them to the April, 1831, amounting in the perusal of all friends of their whole to several pages. It is country. The author is somecertainly a gratification to us, times inattentive to his style; but that communications inserted in his remarks are always sensible, our work should be approved and fraught with true wisdom. and selected, as suited to convey The profits of this publication solemn religious instruction, by are devoted to the Foreign Misthe writer of these sermons. sion Society in Franklin County.



which is not here given; that their

petition was not granted, and they In our last number, p. 334, we gave were again notified that they must notice that Messrs. Judson and New return in the Caravan; that they then ell, and their wives, arrived safely at petitioned for leave to lake passage Calcutta about the middle of last by the first opportunity to the Isle of June. By the ship Tartar, which France, which was gran ed; that arrived at Boston on the 19th inst. they wrote home by the Francis about from Calcutta, having left that port the time that they received the secthe 17th of September, letters have ond order to return; [These lettera been received from the missionaries have not been received.] and that Mr. themselves. From all the letters Newell, (and, we presume, his wife, which have come to our knowledge, had sailed for the Isle of France, it appears, that Messrs. Nott, Hall, abou a week before the Harmony and Rice, and the wife of Mr. Noti, arrived, in a ship which could take arrived at Calcutta in the Harmony, no other passenger. These are the on the 8th of August, having touched most important occurrences, which at the Isle of France and spent 24 took place before the date of those days there; that they wrote home which are stated in the following let. very fully from that place; [These ter from the three brethren who letters have 1100 been received.) ibat sailed in the Harmony. they were well at the time of land. ing, except Mr. kice, who had been

"Calcutta, August 21, 1812. slightly ill during his passage from “Rev and dear Sir, the Isle of France; that Messrs. Jud. Through the gocdness of God son and Newell had been notifed by we are enabled to tell you of our arrigovernment, immediately on their ar. val in India, and of our general health rival, that they must return in the and prosperity. He has preserved Caravan; that they preferred a peti. us from the dangers of the sea, and çion to government, the purport of hitherto from those of the climate;

and we feel the reason that we have colony. To which may be added the to thank God and take courage. You assistance and protection offered to will doubtless have received accounts us by his Excellency the Governor of from brethren Newell and Judson, that Island, when we were there, before tbe arrival of this, and have provided we would undertake a mis learnt the course they were obliged sion to Madagascar. This circumto take. Since we have been here,

stance had led our minds to consider we have been engaged in the process

this place while we there, as you with the government, through which

will learn by our letter which we they have passed. We were yester

then wrote; and we now think we day summoned to the police; and to see in our being sent thither, in the day we obeyed, and received from various circumstances which attend. the government an order to leave the ed us, in the destination of the other country in the ship Harmony, in brethren, and in the immense diffi. which we came, and were informed culties which lie in the way of our that the captain would be refused a former plans, the finger of Providence clearance till he had given the gov. pointing us to a place which we had erninent satisfaction, that he would not chosen, necessitous in itself, and take us away.

About an hour after opening to the view of Christian wards we hånded to the officer of the benevolence, likewise, a much wider police ihe following paper:

scene of Pagan and Mahomedan

misery. " "To the Honorable the Governor "Our reasons for making this General in Coupcil.

choice and for giving up our former We the undersigned, passengers intentions, and those fields of labor, lately arrived in the ship Harmony,

wbich the Commissioners have more having received an order to depari particularly looked at, we shall here. out of the country on board the same

after more fully detail.

“Should Providence on our arrival ship, beg leave to state, that agreea. bly to our intention, stated at the at the Isle of France open a better police on our arrival, of leaving the prospect, than that which we have Company's dominions, we request before us, (for instance, that of beginthe liberty to depart by the earliest ning to give the Gospel to Eastern opportunity for the Isle of France, Africa,) we shall feel free to decide, and that therefore the Harmony may

and shall be at the place from which, not be refused a clearance on our

of all others, it will be the easiest to account.


go to any part of ihe Eastern World. S. Nort,

At present we must wish you to G. your letters, &c. to the Baptist

brethren at Serampore, by whom we “This petition, as far as we can

are treated in the most cordial man. judge, will be favorably answered,

We feel it necessary to men. 80 that you will perceive, that our tion the great expenses which in the first object will be the Isle of France, present state of our affairs we must whither brethren Judson and Newell necessarily incur, and the need we had before obtained permission to

shall be in of remittances from Amer. go. As to our future prospects, we

ica. The rout too, by which we shall have now time to say but little; and

receive communications from Amer. hope in a few days to write you ica, will be long, as we must receive again. It will be sufficient at present

them through Serampore in our pres. to state, that our eyes fix upon Mada.

ent unsettled state. We trust that gascar, a field immense in extent, to. whatever is sent forth will not be tally unacquainted with the Gospel, misapplied by us, and that the bounty to which no others are intending a of the people of God in our native Christian mission, (Dr. Vanderkemp land will be richly compensated by being dead,) and which is attended the success of his Gospel in the with many facilities from its adjacen. Eastern world. Pray that we may Sy to, and constant intercourse with, labor with diligence, and wait will Ilic Isle of France, now an English futh and patience. With the most


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