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It is a library of itself, which how is he to obtain that assistought to be estimated above all ance? How but by having ready price. The sman of God,” in access to their writings? by havorder to be "thoroughly furnish- ing them in his Jibrary? ed," must make it his principal Let a minister adopt and purstudy. It should always lie at sue this method of study; let him his right hand, when not in use. acquaint himself thoroughly with But it does not follow, that he the Scriptures; let bim always must read nothing else, or that resort to them in the first inother books are of little value; stance; let him then read extenany more than it follows, that sively, what the best authors because the gift of a Savior out- have written upon the point unweighs all other gifts of God to der consideration, bringing every men, therefore, other gifts are opinion to the unerring standard not worth enjoying, or being before him; let him proceed in thankful for.
this manner, giving every subThe science of Theology, ject in its turn a thorough invesopens to the young and inexpe- tigation, and his "profiting" will rienced minister, a vast and in- not fail to appear to all. His teresting field. The branches views will be enlarged, his mis. of this divine science are numer- takes corrected, his graces enous and of the highest possible livened, and his public discoursmoment. Doctrines which lie es enriched. at the foundation of the Christian But a minister cannot adopt system, are to be defended a- and pursue this course without gainst a host of assailants, and the aid of a good library, con. to be taught with plainness and taining at least a few expensive perseverance. Duties growing standard works, together with a out of the most unpalatable of pretty long catalogue of miscelthese doctrines, are to be stated laneous volumes. Such a libraand erforced, in direct opposition ry, cannot, upon a moderate calto many sneers, much false culation, cost less than eight reasoning, and all the bad pro. hundred or a thousand dollars. pensities of the human heart And how is it to be obtained?
Now when any difficult or con- This is the point at which I troverted subject presents itself have been aiming, in most of the to a minister for investigation; preceding observations when it becomes in portant to Young men who slevote them. bring into a narrow compass the selves to the ministry, are, in best things that can be sai , for general, far from being wealthy. the instruction and benefit of his Most of them nearly or quite expeople, books are of great use. pend their patrimony in preparAfter faithfully and prayerfully atory studies; and not a few are consulting his Bible, and arrang- involved in debt,when they coming his own thoughts in the best mence preaching. When they manner he is able, it is certainly are settled, they and their fami. desirable, that he shouid have all lies must have somewhere to live. the assistance, wbich can be de- Houses and lands cannot be purrived from the most abie and chased without money, or credit. pious of his predecessors. But As the persons'described have Dot the former, they must resort towards christianizing the Ato the latter. Of course at their merican Aborigines. Eliot, the first setting out, at the very tiine' Mayhews, Braiherd, and Ser. when they want a library most, geant, whose memory will be they have not a dollar to spare
dear to the latest posterity, spent for books; and what shall they large portions of their time and do? Their salaries are generally talents, in this great and all im50 low, that they find it difficult portant work. But of late, the to meet the current expenses of Missionaries have had so little their families. To run in debt success, that many people are for books, without the prospect discouraged with regard to the of paying, would clearly be Indians, and think they can wrong. To purchase them with neither be civilized, nor chrisready money, without doing in- tianized. The attempts, howevjustice to creditors is impossible. er, have not been altogether
This representation is no fic- without success. The result tion. A host of witnesses might of the labors of some Missionabe summoned to establish every
ries has been such as to authorword of it. Hundreds of minis- ize the belief, that it is at least ters in our land, know from ex. practicable to meliorate the conperience that it is true. For dition, and convey some light of want of books, many a young
the Gospel into the minds of the man, in the ministry, passes the Savages."prime of his prime” for study, “I have no doubt, that there is with comparatively little im- room for improvement in the sysprovement to himself; and with tem of Missionary instruction much less advantage to his peo- among the Indians; especially in ple, than they night and would the choice of teachers,—their derive from his labors had he a temper, manners, and address, good library.
The Missionary should endeaySurely, if any method can be or, in the first place, to acquaint devised, to remedy this evil, ev- himself with their customs, manery man must rejoice at it, who ners, habits, and dispositions; wishes for the respectability and and conform to them to such de. usefulness of the clergy. I have gree as to give them no occasion one method to propose, but it to say, “The Englishman despismust be reserved for a future es the ways of the Indians." In communication. MIKROS. this way only, can he gain their
attention, secure their corfiON MISSIONS TO THE INDIANS. dence, and win their hearts.Extracts from two Letters of
“The success of the Jesuits in Eleazer Williams, of the Iro.
Canada was undoubtedly owing, quois nation, who is now in a
in a great degree, to their ac. course of Education under the quaintance with human nature. direction of the American They not only studied the Indian Board of Commissioners for temper and character; but they Foreign Missions.
conformed themselves to the
ways and manners of the differ"Much has been done by the ent tribes, whom they converted food people in New England, to the Romish faith. Their sy. perior knowledge and address essential moment in the situagave: direction to the counsels tion where he was placed. A and measures of the Savages; most excellent pattern to be imtheir acquaintance with medical itated by every Missionary. and chirurgical subjects qualifi- “Thus you see, my friend, to ed them to discharge the duties be successful in christianizing of Physicians and Surgeons. the American ancients, it is a By their knowledge in the arts matter of vast importance, that of life, the Indians were daily the Missionary should be well instructed in their rude attain- acquainted with the Indian temments of fishing, agriculture, per and character. I would reand making their cabins and
commend 19 your attention the weapons. The Fathers gained following books, wherein you their affections by an attention may gain much knowledge and to all the offices of humanity. information of the customs and In this kind of management the manners of our red brethren: Jesuits were most of all distin- Carver's travels; Colden's His. guished. And it does not ap- tory of the Five Nations; Adair's pear that any other order of cler. History of American Indians; gy have united such extensive and memoirs of the Indians in science, such knowledge of bus- New France, by the fathers iness, of men, of human life and Marquette and Hennipen." conduct. Wherever they went, they met with great success; and when their manners and conduct were compared with the awkward and disgusting manuers of the English Missionaries, the “How gloomy, and how melan. natives concluded that the Jesų. choly is the thought, that mil. its were the men who were the lions of our fellow creatures, favorites of the Great Spirit whose souls with ours are des. above; and that he neither did, tined either to happiness or mis. nor would work much by the ery beyond the grave, are now other Missionaries, especially involved in gross darkness, igby the formal unaccommodating norance and guilt. Their unmetaphysical English priests. happy state should prompt us to
“No one was more successful exertion in propagating the Gosthen father Fremin. He went pel and diffusing more extenincessantly from one canton to sively the light of life. If there another. He spoke the, lan- ever has been a period in which guage of the natives as readily. Christians ought to exert them. as they did themselves. He selves, to do something for the chormed them with his affability; heathen, and pray that the kinghe gained them by his liberality; doms of this world may become while also he commanded re- the kingdom of our blessed Imspect by his daring conduct; manuel, it is certainly now. and he well knew what part to Some say, “The time is not yet act, without hesitation, on occa- arrived to promote the conversions where promptitude of de- sion of the Heathen.” But, I cision was required; qualities of would ask, when will the time
come!-I have been looking into present day, bear the Christian the promises made in the book name! of God, concerning the heathen, “In my late tout into Canada, to see whether a certain period I saw a number of the Algonquin Has been stated, in which they and Iroquois Indians, who ex will be fulfilled: But I looked in pressed a strong desire to have vain. The truth is, that God the Gospel preached among has not plainly revealed any par- them. These two tribes are in ticular period for their conver- a degree civilized; and there is sion; and he has ever required, a prospect that many of them and does now require, all Chris- would embrace the Christian retians to do something for the ligion, if they had the means of prosperity of that kingdom, being instructed in its princiwhich is not of this world. ples. Now, my friend, when
“While we, my dear friend, there is any, even the least, prospray that Christ's kingdom may pect of diffusing the Gospel acome and his will be done on mong the poor Pagans in our earth, as it is in heaven; while own country, it should excite it is the desire of our hearts and our fervent prayers for the furour prayer to God for the heath. therance of so desirable an oben, that they may be saved, let ject; and induce us to go, and, if us hear their cry, "come over possible, be the means of bringand help us." Let no dangers ing those, who are now perishbor hardships discourage us from ing for lack of vision, to a knowlgoing into the wilderness; but as edge of those divine and heaventhe good soldiers of Jesus Christ, ly truths, which are calculated let us, if possible, clear ourselves to make man wise unto salvafrom the blood of those poor Pa- tion." gans, who are now perishing for want of the bread of life. Terrible are the yells of the Savages THOUGHTS ON MATT. V, 27. when they, dart from their ambush on their foe; but infinitely Let your communication be yea, more terrible will be their
gea; nay, navy for tohatsoever screams of agony in a future is more than these cometh of state, to those who suffer them evil. to perish through neglect. “You white people knew the will of Commentators have generally the Great Spirit, but you would concluded, without hesitancy, not coinc and tell us. You came that this text was meant to apply indeed into our woods and took only to swearing in common away our hunting grounds. You conversation. But there is nothtaught us to lie, to cheat, and to ing in our Lord's words, which swear; but you sent none to teach implies such a restriction; and us how we might be happy when the reason, which follows, will we were gathered to our fa- apply to every kind of oaths. thers.” How severe will be such Whatsoever, is more than yea, reproaches! and alas, how justly yea and nay, nay, cometh of evil. merited by some who at the There is nothing in our Lord's. words which implies a restric- poses, which the most solemn tion to crnversation. Let your asseverations cannot now always communication be yea, yea, &c. effect. Can we suppose that The original word (aoyos) has oaths were known, before falseas indefinite and general an
hood had given occasion for application as the English word them? If simplicity and godly communication. It may signify sincerity could now universally a single word, conversation, a prevail in society, the necessity set oration, an epistle, an argu- of oaths would be entirely done ment, the reasoning of the mind away. But it is a melancholy when not expressed; and it is fact, that many, from interest, put for the WORD or Son of prejudice, and sometimes from God Why then should we not
wantonness will misrepresent. understand the prohibition to be Would we, therefore, know the general?
certainty in any important case, The reason given by Christ it is often necessary to remind against swearing is applicable to
men of the presence of an omnis. all kinds of oaths. Whatsoever cient Gov, and to make them is more than a simple, or at most
swear by him, and implore bis a repeated affirmation, or nega- favor only as they speak the tion, cometh of evil. We cannot
truth.* be too deeply impressed with But can a general rule of mor. the intrinsic excellence and unic al propriety give way to pru. versal importance of truth. To dential motives? Yes, oaths the upright man no kind of de- have always been permitted by ceit can ever be necessary. De. God, when necessary on solemn ceit is useful only to favor ini. and important occasions. quity. Would you injure your
find the best men represented neighbor? Deceit is often ne. in the Scriptures of the Old cessary to effect the purpose.
Testament as swearing, and es. Have you been guilty of an ac- acung oaths. St. Paul in his tion of which you have reason to epistles calls God to witness. be ashamed, or to dread the con- Our Lord answered to the high sequences?' It is probable you priest, when adjured by the liv. wili sacrifice truth, rather than ing God, (the usual mode of ad. be exposed to disgrace or pun- ministering an oath among the ishment. But are all your de- Jews,) to tell him, whether he signs pure and generous there
was the Christ the son of God. can be no need of concealment,
nd God himself, willing to much less of falsehood.
show unto the heirs of promise Falsehood being only an hand. the immutability of his purpose, maid to vice, and entirely untie
confirmed it by an oath. cessary to the upright soul, is
Nor is this the only instance in one of the greatest evils. From Scripture of a general rule of this evil all oaths originate. moral propriety being relaxed Were it not for this, wbat occa
for important purposes. Our sion could there be for swearing? Lord, being asked on a certain The 'most simple declarations occasion whether it were lawful would be implicitly believed, *<So help me God," i. e. may God and would fully answer the pure help me only as I speak the truth.