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for a home on earth, nor expects by candle-light, in translating ed to continue long. In July he the Scriptures, and correcting was in the neighborhood of the translation: and except I go Nuddeea, in August at Chan- out to preach, (which is often dernagore a few miles above the case,) I never deviate Calcutta, in September at from this rule." He had said Calcutta, preaching very fre. in January that he frequently quently. Mr. Carey lamented devoted the afternoon, as well as his removal as a great loss to the evening, to the transiation. that part of the country, particu. In September he was translating larly to the sick for whom he Jeremiah and correcting Isaiah. bad done more, in the opinion of By the end of October the Penbis colleague, than any other tateuch, Psalms, Isaiah, Jeremi. person that had ever been in In-ah, part of Ezekiel, and the whole dia. Mr. Carey concluded his of the New Testament, were lamention with this testimony: finished. By the end of Novem. “He has many qualifications ber he had translated Lamentawhich render him the fittest tions and more than half of Ezeperson for a Missionary that kiel, and hoped to complete the could any where be found."* whole Bible in another year.
About that time Mr. Carey had The Historical Books, (viz. from the satisfaction to obtain a print- Joshua to Esther inclusive) were ing press a blessing which for se- left to the last, and Mr. Fountain veral years he had scarcely dared had just commenced a rough to hope for. One had lately been version of that part. Job, the brought from England and adver- Writings of Solomon, and the tised for sale at Calcutta. He ea. Minor Prophets still remained gerly secured it, and on the 23d untouched. All these proved of September it arrived safe at too much labor for a single year, Mudnabatty. He had just receive but the whole was nearly finished from the new Foundery propo- ed in the spring of 1800.* sals for casting a fount of types. The Missionaries had all along About the same time he was in- been urging on the Society the formed that a Captain in the ar- importance of increasing their my at Calcutta, (probably the number.t That wish was same that Dr. Buchanan in 1810 length gratified by the arriva! calls Lieut. Colonel Colebrooke,) of four new ministers. Messrs. was engaged in translating the Marshman,Brunsdon, and Grant, Scriptures into Persian.
with their wives, Mr. Ward, and The manner in which Mr. Ca. Miss Tidd, (who was engaged rey at that time was employe to Mr. Fountain,) sailed from ed may be seen in the following London, with Captain Wickes, extract from one of his letters May 25th, 1799, (at the time written in September. "I con- when Mr. Pearce was languishstantly employ the forenoon in ing with his last sickness,) and temporal affairs; the afternoon in reading, writing, learning the * M.B.M.M. vol.ii, p. 130 B P. A. Shanscrit, &c; and the evening, vol.1, p. 372,403,49,468, 469,471,472,
486 487,429. Ch. Res.p.90. Nar.p. 18.
| B.P.A. vol.i, p. 304,319,520,324, • B.P.A. vol. i, p, 422,410,419,451, 323, 329, 334, 347, 370, 372, 389, 423, 452 457-463,470,477,490,
on the 13th of October arrived delayed the printing till the ar. at Serampore, a Danish Settle- rival of Mr. Ward, who having ment fifteen miles above Cal. been regularly trained to the cutta. After an illncss of four business, was able to execute it days Mr. Grant was removed on with
accuracy and neatness. the last of October. The facto- Every preparation was now ty at Mudnabatty was then about made for printing. The trans. to be relinquished on account of lation was nearly finished,a press the failure of crops, and Mr. Ca. was obtained, types were agreed rey's engagement was within a for, and a printer was few weeks of expiring. He had ground. A sufficieni fund to be taken a small place at Kidder- gin with was also furnished. They pore, twelve miles distant, where had received from the Edinhe intended to carry on a little burgh Missionary Society S1111; business, and erect houses for from friends in India $5968, his newly arrived friends. But and in the course of that year the English Government refused collected 891 more. They acto let the Missionaries go up the cordingly set up the press at country, and Mr. Carey was ob- Serampore, and issued propoliged to abandon his place at sals for the Bengalee Bible, adKidderpore, with the loss of vertising at the same time for property to the amount of 5001.* employment in the general line and remove with Mr. Fountain of printing, and for an English to Serampore, where he arrived school. About fifty copies were with his family on the 10th of subscribed for by the middle of January, 1800. The rent of August. The school was establodgings being high, the Mis- lished under the care of Mr. sionaries purchased a house with and Mrs. Marshman, and has a considerable quantity of land proved the principal means of on the bank of the river, the rent support to the whole missionary of which in four years would family.t have amounted to the price. The College of Fort William,
This change proved very fa- destined to exert a prodigious vorable to the Mission. They influence on the civil and religcould scarcely have worked their ious interests of Asia, and on press to advantage, or obtained the Baptist Mission in particular, an English school, at Kidderporc. was founded at Calcutta, by the They were then hardly known Marquis Wellesley, on the 4th at Calcutta; but their vicinity to of May, 1800. Mr. Carey took the capital of British India soon an impression of the first page introduced them to public atten- of Matthew on the 18th of the tion, and obtained for Mr. Carey same month. About the middle an important office. What they of June they began to print the regarded as a trying necessity New Testament. Besides 2,000 proved a merciful dispensation. copies of the whole,theystruck off The same may be said of that five hundred copies of Matthew long course of embarrassments and disappointments which had
+ B. P. A, vol. i, p. 517, 522, 536, 527. Vol. iii, Pref p. 3–6, p. 26.
Nar. p. 16–18. N. Y. M. M. vol. ii, $2222.
p 235,479. Pallo vol. vi, p. 39.
for immediate distribution, ly converted." That summer the some hundreds of which were Missionaries had uncommon de. dispersed by the middle of Oc- sires and a special spirit of praytober. Matthew, Mark, and the er for the conversion of the greater part of Luke were print- heathen. Mr Thomas, who ed by the middle of August, and was preaching at Bheerboom, early the next spring, the whole largely partook of the same spir. Testament was completed.*
it. The latter end of October While the New Testament was
he visited the other Missionain the press, a cluster of events
ries, and perceived, as he says, took place, which must not be the holy unction on them all. omitted. Early in June a Ben. His conversation and prayers galee school for the gratuitous appeared unusually impresinstruction of native children was
sive to them. At his suggesopened by Mr. and Mrs. Marsh. tion they established a weekly man, which by the 20th of Ju. meeting for prayer for the suc. ly contained forty scholars. On cess of the Mission. Early in the 20th of August Mr. Foun
November many of the natives tain was removed by death. In
came to the Mission-house for October Messrs. Marshman and copies of Matthew. On the Ward began to preach to the 25th of that month Mr. Thomas natives. But the most interest
was called to visit Kristno Pawl ing events are yet to be recited. who had dislocated his arm. Mr. Thomas and Mr. Carey bad Gokool, who for a little time had now been in the country seven
been somewhat affected, happen. years, and not a Hindoo had re
ed to be present. After the opeDounced cast for the Gospel, or
ration Mr. Thomas solemnly adbeen baptised. Much rubbish dressed the patient and those that had indeed been cleared away,
were with him. The time bad and many materials collected, come; Kristno with his family and but no part of the building was
Gokool submitted to the Gospel, reared. In the recollection of and the first Missionary had the what they had left behind, cut happiness of bringing the first what they had left behind, cut Hindoo convert to Christ. On off from Christian society, and crushed by frequent disappoint: Monday the 22d of December ments, their trials, their discour- Kristno and Gokool, eat with agements, and often their de. the Missionaries, and thus pubpressions, had been great. The licly threw away their cast. The year 1800 was the season of their
same evening they with Kristgreatest depression. “It is now,"
no's family made a solemn prosaid Mr. Carey in October,
fession before the church, in"seven years since we entered
tending to be baptised the next upon the work of the Mission, and Sabbath. “Mr. Thomas was alit is uncertain to this hour whethe most overcome with joy." His er any of the heathen are tru- far, and (let it be written with a
irritable system was excited too • Ch. Res. p. 90, 91 Note. Mem. tear) “he was for some · weeks p. 69–72. Nar p. 18,20,24. N. Y. in a state of complete mental M M. vol. ii, p. 478-480. Con. E. derangement." An uproar raisM. vol ii, p.157.
ed by the natives, intimidated VOL. V. New Series.
Gokool and the women, but first to bave been so clearly set Kristno, together' with Felix tled as to exclude all misappreCarey, Mr. Carey's eldest son, hension; for Mr. Carey informed was baptised the next Sabbath, his friends that he was appointed Dec, 28th. “One of the breth- Professor of those Languages. ren, then laboring under a mor. It is certain, however, that atal disease, was brought in a pa-nother person was Professor of lanquin to witness, the first tri. Shanscrit in 1805, (who seems umph of the faith.” The cere- to have been Mr. Colebrooke, mony was affecting; the Danish author of a Shanscrit Grammar, governor was unable to restrain and styled by Dr. Buchanan "the his tears. “Ye God's of stone father of Shanscrit literature,") and clay," says one of the Mis- and that Mr. Carey was only sionaries, "did ye not tremble,
Teacher of Shanscrit, Bengalee, when in the name of the Father, and Mahratta, (as he himself af. Son, and Holy Spirit, one of your terwards informs us,) till the votaries shook you as the dust commencement of 1807, when from his feet!”
he was advanced to the office of On the 18th of January, 18(1, Professor of Shanscrit and BenMr. Fernandez, a merchant of galee, with a double salary.t Dinagepore, and Joymonee,
Soon after Mr. Carey's apo Kristno's wife's sister, were pointment to that office, the Misbaptised. This was followed sion sustained another loss by on the 22d of February by the the death of Mr. Brunsdon, wbó baptism of Rasoo, (Kristno's after a long ilmess departed this wife,) and Unna, a widow living lite on the 3d of July. In exin the family; by the baptism of pectation of additions to their Gokool on the 7th of June, and number, by fresh supplies from of his wife on the 4th of October. England, for which they continu. It is worthy to be recorded that ed to apply, the Missionaries, this success commenced imme. early in October, extended their diately after the Gospel by Mat- establishment at Seram.pore by thew and some religious tracts the purchase of more than four began to be distributed.* acres of land contiguous to their
Just as the printing of the own, with the buildings upon it. New Testament was finished, in That year they collected for the the spring of 1801, Mr. Carey Translation, by the sale of the was appointed by Marquis Wel New Testament and in donao lesley Tcacher of the Bengalee tions, 85143,42. and Shanscrit Languages in the This was the state of the MisCollege of Fort Willain, with a sion when Mr. Thomas was callsalary of $3330. That salary, ed away from his labors and sufaccording to a compact subsist: ferings to join the spirits of ing between the Missionaries, Fountain, Grant, Brunsdon, and went into common stock. The Pearce. He lived to see the title of his office seems not at wholc Bible translated and the
New Testament published: he Nar. p. 18-23. 25-27, 39, 62. B. P. A. vol. iii, Pref. Pall, vol. ii, p. † M.B.M.M. vol. 1. p. 322, 223. 138. M.B.M.M. vol. i, p. 253. Vi Q.R. N. 1. p. 46, 176. Mem. p. 10, tii, p. 97, 93, 106. Con, E. M. vol. ii, 44 ChBes: p. 44, 113, 239 Nyle. p. 157. Q. R. No. 1, p. 172, 173. N.Y.M.M. vol. . p275
.RIES FOR THE CLERGY.
lived to see six natives baptised, remarks will apply with equal and a work of grace begun that force, to every mechanical trade. was never to end: he lived to The carpenter, the shipwright, see the Mission firmly establish- and the goldsınith, must have a ed at Serampore, under the fa- variety of tools at hand, or they vor of the Danish and English will labor to very little purpose, governments, with every pros. however diligently they may appect of enlargement, and his ply themselves to the business colleague devoted to an office in before them. the College that was to extend Now, Sir, I think every reflect its protecting shade over the ing mind must perceive that what Mission-house: and having seen agricultural implements,and meall this, he fell asleep on the chanical tools, are in the field and 13th day of October, 1801. By the shop, books are in the study of these repeated deaths the num- a professional man. They are the ber of Missionaries was again instruments with which the mind reduced to three, with the addi- works; and are as necessary to the tion of Felix Carey, who soon student, as the plough or the hoe after his baptism began to to the farmer. He can do nothing preach.*
to purpose without them. (To be continued)
The Physician must have free
access to a library of well chosen ON THE NECESSITY OF LIBRA- professional books; and must be
well acquainted with their conTo the Editor of the Panoplist.
tents. A quack he may be withSIR,
out books, or study; but can nevIt is, I believe, universally ad. er thus become an able counselmitted, that those who devote lor, or useful practitioner. themselves to agriculture and The Lawyer, also, must have the mechanical arts, must be his library, not only while enfurnished with the appropriate gaged in preparatory studies, sets of tools, before they can but during the whole course of work to advantage. A young his practice. He must have on man, setting up for himself on a his shelves, an extensive collec-. farm, might, indeed, use his tion of the best authors; not inhands instead of a hoe, or a deed to read daily, or in course; sharpened piece of wood in the but to consult at his leisure, as room of a sparle; he might cut often as he finds occasion. A his grass with shears for want of person of quick apprehension, a scythe, or carry his produce to may doubtless pass for an ingenmarket in a basket instead of a ious man, without many books, cart; but surely nobody would be or inuch reading; but he can nevSo unreasonable as to expect er rise to eminence, in the promuch from him, whilo laboring fession of the law. under such disadvantages. None Need I add, that the Divine but an Egyptian task-master too must have a good profeswould demand the tale of bricks sional library? Surely it must be without giving straw. The same obvious, that without books his
Nat. p. 25, 26. B.P. A. vol. 1, 485, study lacks its most essential 490,491. Pan. vol. vi, p. 39. N.Y.M. furniture. The Bible indced, is M. rolü, p. 479. Vol. iii, p. 475. worth more than all other books.