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himseif again surrounded by of hope. Finding, however, that English society to whom he the vernacular language in that cculd preach. Before his remo. neighborhood was a dialect of val he had begun to converse a the Hindostanee, and that the little with the natives, and by the Bengalee translation would not help of his moonshee, who had be generally understood, encour. at length acquired English co' aged also by the income which nough to be his interpreter, they expected from their busicould preach in a broken man- ness, they formed a plan in Janner. He soon was able to do

nary, 1795, to print the Scripthe latter at Mudnabatty; but he tures and religious tracts both found the vernacular dialect so in Bengalee and Hindostanee, diffcrent from that at Calcutta and to erect two schools, one at and Dehatta, that the hope of Moypaul, and the other at Mudconversing freely and preaching nabatty. In cach school a pun- . without an interpreter, was lon- dit was to be employed to teach ger deferred. He began at times six Mussulman and six Hindoo to speak without an interpreter boys the Shanscrit, Bengalee, in the spring of 1795, and by and Persian larguages. The the next autumn his preaching boys were to be kepi at school was very intelligible to the high- seven years, and to be furnished er ranks who spoke the Benga- gratuitously with tuition, food, lee language in its purity. clothing, and lodging. The Bi

As soon as they were settled ble was to be introduced into the in their new employment, they schools, together with a little relinquished, agreeably to their geography and philosophy One original intention, the salaries part of this plan was so far carwhich they received from the ried into execution that two Society, and even conceived the schools were soon opened, which hope of being able to print the admitted, however, a greater Bengalee Bible, or some part number of scholars than had of it, at their own expense. Be- been contemplated; and before fore this they had not thought the missionaries removed from of more than one translation, that neighborhood, about fifty and scarcely hoped to boys had been taught to read the whole of the Scriptures and write. Since that time, a printed in the language of considerable number of schools Bengal. Tissions, where other have been opened in different Janguages were spoken, they had parts of the country.* indeed contemplated. From the

To carry the other part of the beginning Mr. Carey had formed plan into exccution they immethe purpose of devoting his

P. P A vol. i, n. 1-3.7 817,34, three eldest sons to the study of 35, 45 64 66,69, 73, 75, 78, 79 85 ---94, three separate languages, the 121,1 4 12 160-171 175. 177, 1794 Persian, the Chinese, and the 183, 189 190 191-19 203 211. 213, Shanscrit, to qualify them for 216 224,32 372 374 393.39. ,407 420, future missions. But that they 436 43: 470 47 48 492 27 Vol.iii, should live to see one printed 31,72,73. Q.K. No.1, p. 171. W.B.M.

p. 18. Var. , 3.4,8,10-13 15,35, 36, version of the Scriptures, w39

1. vol.i1, p. 100,271, Svo, 357. N.Y. rather an object of desire than M. M. vol.ii, p. 479.


diately applied to the Society to unabated ardor, determined to send them a printing-press, en- devote all they could earn to the gaging if they lived to refund printing, if it was only a chapter the expense. The plan was to

at a time.

Mr. Carey made eve employ native printers, but in- ery thing else give way to the stead of the old types of the translation, and in October procountry, to get new types castnounced Genesis, Exodus, Matin London, after a specimen thew, Mark, James, and part of written by a native. The plan John, (Luke was in the hands of thus settled, they both applied Mr. Thomas,) ready for the themselves with new vigor to press.

Under their embarassthe translation, Mr Thomas as- ments they were obliged to resisted by Podo Loson, Mr. Carey turn to the former plan of getby Ram Boshoo. The frequent ting types from England, and avocations which Mr. Thomas ex- that autumn they sent home a perienced as a physician, left the Bengalee alphabet for a specigreater part of this work to Mr. men. But it was found difficult Carey, who possessing a superior for strangers to the language to relish for the employment, and imitate the copy with accuracy, the better assistant, gradually especially to supply a press at outstripped his colleague in the the distance of 15,000 miles.* knowledge of the language, and On the first day of November at length took upon himself the they formed a church of four whole charge of the translation. members, (the two Missionaries, Mr. Thomas continued, howev. Mr. Powell, nephew to Mr. er, to pursue the business with Thomas, who accompanied him ardor till the printing was post- from England, and died in 1802, poned in 1796.

and a Mr. Long, baptised by Mr. By the first of August, 1795, Thomas while in India before, having completed a rough trans- and afterwards excluded;) and a lation of Genesis, Exodus, Mat- year after Mr. Carey wrote to thew, Mark, James, and part of the church in Leicester for a Luke, and given Matthew a re

dismission. That autumn they visal, they grew so impatient to were much interested by a letter put the Scriptures into the from Mr. Pearce stating the bands of the Hindoos, that they purpose which he had formed abandoned the purpose of get of joining them in the missionting types from England, and ary work, and the manner in determined to begin to print which that design had been dewith the types and presses found feated. The letters which they in the country, though at a ten- had sent home after arriving in fold expense. They hoped at India, had awakened in him so that time to get Genesis, if not great a desire to follow them, Matthew and Mark, printed off that he had offered himself for a by the end of the year. But a Missionary. The question was flood, which that season injured

• B. P. A. vol.i, p. 125, 148, 195, the indigo, impoverished them

201--203 206, 207, 212, 217, 223, so much, that the design was

22' 232 295,31 1,480. Vol.iii, Prel.p.6. wholly frustrated. They contin. Theol. Mag: vol. ii, p. 213. 21. B.M. ved, however, translating with M. vol. i, P. 253.


submitted to his brethren, who could possibly afford them. This in November, 1794, decided a. was a comforting word under gainst his going on the ground their existing embarrassments. that he more wanted at They were earnestly desirous to home. He lived but five years print, but were too much im. afterwards. Had he come, Mr. poverished to begin. “I would Thomas şays they should have give," said Thomas, “a million thougót of spreading the “Gos. pounds sterling, if I had it, to pel into all the islands below, in- see a Bengal Bibie." But this to all the hills of Bootan above, zeal was more generous than and even into Tartary." They wise. The version which their immediately proposed to the Soc imperfect knowledge of the lan. ciety to institute a mission to guage had produced, was not Bootan. Lately they had gained fit for the press. This the Socisome information respecting that ety, who were in a situation to country, and had formed a design judge more coolly, perceived, to visit it. From that time they and the advice received from continued to petition for more

them that year put a stop for the Missionaries, alleging that they present to all calculations about wanted two or three thousand in printing. Hindoştan, and almost that num

From that time Mr. Thomas ber in Bengal. They indulged seems to have given up the a confident hope that by means

translation to his colleague, who of that mission the Gospel himself so far slackened his exwould extend over all Hindostan

ertions, that in April he was into Tartary, and be conveyed in studying Shanscrit in order to Bengalee, Persian, Shanscirt, read the Shasters. He applied Bootanee, and other languages himself to the acquisition of a then unknown; and they pressed more thorough acquaintance with upon the Society to remember the Bengalee, and while he made Thibet and Pegu, as well as the rapid advances in the knowledge extensive regions of Hindostan of the language, still labored ato the west and north west of bundantly at the translation. Bengal. Mr. Carey had written, The loss of his moonshee, whom before the end of that year, a

he was obliged about that time compendious Bengalee Gram- to discharge, checked the promar, and had begun a Bengalee gress of the work, but with the Dictionary

aid of a young pundit he was Though they had relinquish- still enabled to pursue it. By ed their salaries, they were not

June almost the whole of the peglected by the Society. In Pentateuch and of the New Tes. January, 1796, they received as

tament was finished. Abandon. surances of future support should ing all hope of being able to their necessities require it, and print at their own expense, the of all the aid which the Society Missionaries that Summer asked

of the Society 1001. a year for the • B. P. A. vol. i, n. 205, 211, 217, two-fold purpose of printing the 219–221.223—225,231. 278, 312, 352. Bible and supporting the schools. Vol. iii, Prefi Nar. p. 14. P's Mem.

With this request the Society p.29, 140,

the next spring voted to com- Spring of 1798, the Society de, piy. *

termined to begin the printing In April, 1796, Mr. Fountain without delay, to send out paper sailed from England, and on the for the purpose, and to apply to · 10th of October arrived at Mud- the Edinburgh Missionary Socinabatty. In November Mr. Ca- ety for about 81100 which had rey renewed his application to been promised. But consider, the Society for types and a print. ing the defects which would nea ing press, and requested that a cessarily attend a first edition missionary printer might be sent they voted to print oply 2,000 out. Confessing their inability copies. In the mean time the to support the expense of print- missionaries had been apprized ing, he stroke to awaken the of a resolution of the Society to English public to liberal contri- pay up their salaries from the butions. He calculated then to beginning, and to assist them to be ready to print in two years. the utmost of their power. All the New Testament was The attention of the Missiontranslated, except Acts and the aries was not wholly confined to last sixteen chapters of Revela- a single language nor a single tion. The epistles had been province. Before Mr. Carey corrected by a learned pundit as jeft Dehatta he had acquired a far as the second of Peter: but little of the colloquial Hindosthe whole translation was to un- tanee, and by the end of 1796, he dergo several more revisions. could preach in that language At the end of the year he calcu- with tolerable ease. His sons also lated that the New Testament were soon able to speak it with would be finished, and once re- fluency. In December he told rised in March. He was per the Society that with a sufficient buced that new types, a printing supply of men and money the press, and a missionary printer Gospel might be conveyed from sent from England, would save that central situation through 1000L. in printing 10,000 copies, the Rajamahl hills, Hindostan, the number proposed. He ap- Persia, Bootan, and Assam; that plied to the Society at the same all the education necessary for üme for Arabic types.

Missionaries might be obtained At the beginning of 1797, Mr. in one place; and proposed someCarey visited Calcutta and as thing like a college. He mencertained that the printing could tioned the same thing the next be performed with a new fount March, insisting that the Mis. of types cast there at less ex- sion ought to be strengthened pense than he had supposed. as much as possible, as from that This information he communic situation the Gospel might eventcated to the Society tlre next ually spread through the greater March, about the time that the

part of Asia, and almost all the first revision of the New Testa- necessary languages might be Toent was finished. Upon re- acquired there. Early in 1797 ceiving this intelligence in the the Missionaries visited Bootan

where they were kindly received B. P. A. vol. i, p. 97,151,292,299, by the Soubah of the country, 391–305,308,311,337,348

who the next year sent them a




present, with a letter, and applied ed the idea of getting types from for medicines to cure a disease England, a hope which probably under which he labored. In never could have been realized; December 1797, Mı'. Carey re, but it was now apparent that they newed his application for more could be obtained better Missionaries. “We are learn- terms in India. He at once proing,” said he, “Bengalee; we

posed to establish a press at want others to learn Hindos- Mudnabatty, the press itself to tanec, others Portuguese, others be made in the country; and had Persian, others Bootanee, &c.some idea, at the recommendaIn consequence of these repre- tion of Mr. U— of printing, for sentations the Society, in the the benefit of the higher ranks, autumn of the next year',

the Persian Pentateuch and Gossolved to send out a new supply pels contained in the Polyglott. of Missionaries. Mr. Carey, in He still continued to cherish the the meantime still pursued the hope by means of future study of Shanscrit, and it soon Missionaries the Gospel would became apparent that he was be introduced into Bootan and reaching forward to great profi- all the neighboring nations." ciency in that language. By the In the spring of 1798 the Somiddle of the year 1797 he had ciety came to the resolution to got a Shanscrit, Bengalee, and begin to print. They had alEnglish Dictionary far advanced. ready appointed Mr. Carey their The Bengalee translation how- treasurer in India; and in the ever continued to occupy his autumn of that year they authorchief attention, and by the end ized him to draw on a bankingof November he had finished the house in London for the TransPentateuch and almost all the lation and other general objects Psalıns. *

of the Mission.t. Towards the close of the year,

Mr. Fountain was able that an event took place which highly spring to pray in public, and on gratificd the Missionaries, and the 10th of June, preached his promised extensive good to India. first sermon to the natives. The ALetter Foundery for the langua- latter part of that month a very ges of that countrywas established calamitous flood, which swept at Calcutta, not by the friends of away all the prospects of the the Missionaries, but by men vear, obliged Mr Thomas to rewho had no view to their accom- linquish his factory and remove modation. The hand of God was from Moypaul. That circumvisible in making this provision stance, added to ill health and for the dissemination of His the death of a sister of which he word through the East, just at had lately heard, threw him into

the time when types were want- great dejection, and in letters • ed for the purpose. Till then writien about that time he comMr. Carey had never relinquish- plained that every prospect of

usefulness and comfort had been * B. P. A vol. i. p 1 8,309–311, removed, that he no more hoped 320, 328, 331, 334 315 - 43 354 350, (whirl: should be 361 ) 368 3.0, 3.2, 349, 38.', 403, 408,415-4:8 +23,437 ji, Pref. p. 6.

* B. P. A. vol. i, p. 397, 437. Vol. 439,447,493,470,471,473,476

7 B, P. A. vol. I, p. 4:6, 419, 451,

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