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60

TITYRUS.
Antè leves ergo pascentur in æthere cervi,
Et freta destituent nudos in littore pisces;
Antè, pererratis amborum finibus, exsul
Aut Ararim Parthus bibet, aut Germania Tigrim,
Quàm nostro illius labatur pectore vultus.

MELIBEUS.

65

70

At nos hinc alii sitientes ibimus Afros;
Pars Scythiam, et rapidum Cretæ veniemus Oaxem,
Et penitùs toto divisos orbe Britannos.
En, unquam patrios longo pòst tempore fines,
Pauperis et tugurî congestum- cespite culmen,
Post aliquot, mea regna videns, mirabor aristas?
Impius hæc tam culta novalia miles habebit?
Barbarus has segetes ? En, quò discordia cives
Perduxit miseros ! En, queis consevimus agros !
Insere nunc, Melibee, piros! pone ordine vites !

Ite meæ, felix quondam pecus, ite, capellæ :
Non ego vos posthac, viridi projectus in antro,
Dumosâ pendere procul de rupe videbo:
Carmina nulla canam : non, me pascente, capellæ,
Florentem cytisum et salices carpetis amaras.

75

TITYRUS.

80

Hîc tamen hanc mecum poteras requiescere noctem
Fronde super viridi : sunt nobis mitia poma,
Castaneæ molles, et pressi copia lactis :
Et jam summa procul villarum culmina fumant,
Majoresque cadunt altis de montibus umbræ.

ECLOGA II.

ALEXIS.

FORMOSUM pastor Corydon ardebat Alexin,
Delicias domini; nec, quid speraret, habebat.
Tantùm inter densás, umbrosa cacumina, fagos
Assiduè veniebat : ibi hæc incondita solus
Montibus et silvis studio jactabat inani :

O crudelis Alexi, nihil mea carmina curas ;
Nil nostri miserere; mori me denique coges !

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G7 VIRGILIUS MARO.

35-37

BUCOLICA, GEORGICA, ET ÆNEIS.

ACCEDUNT

CLAVIS METRICA, NOTULÆ ANGLICÆ,

ET QUÆSTIONES.

10

CURA

B. A. GO ULD.

IN USUM SCHOLE BOSTONIENSIS

BOSTONIÆ:

HILLIARD, GRAY, LITTLE, ET WILKINS.

DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS, to wit :

District Clerk's Office. BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the twenty-seventh day of March, A. D. 1829, and in the fifty-third year of the Independence of the United States of America, William Hilliard, of the said district, has deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he ciaims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit :

“ Publius Virgilius Maro. Bucolica, Georgica, et Æneis. Accedunt Clavis Metrica, Notule Anglicæ, et Quæstiones.' Cura B. A. Gould. In Usum Scholæ Bostoniensis."

In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned ;'' and also to an act, entitled, “ An Act supplementary to an act, entitled, An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned ; and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints.”

JNO. W. DAVIS,
Clerk of the District of Massachusetts

Stereotyped at the
Boston Type and Stereotype Foundry.

PREFACE.

If any one cause has operated more than every other to prevent young men from acquiring a free and easy manner of reading the Latin poets, it unquestionably is the habit of using an order of construction, or an interpretation. The use of these pernicious helps not only prevents those who rely on them from ever acquiring the power of reading with ease and pleasure without them, but it is utterly subversive of one of the principal objects of studying the language, that mental discipline which is acquired by the practice of critical and exact analysis. This salutary influence, the use of an order or of an interpretation effectually counteracts.

The student will hardly take the pains of disentangling an intricate sentence when the work is done to his hand; nor will the test of grammatical construction or of prosody be applied, when a glance at the interpretation will remove all doubts. The habit of thus referring to the judgment of others soon becomes settled ; while that of analysing is never formed, nor the discipline of mind acquired, which it is suited to effect. Besides this, the habit of using these unnecessary aids prevents that feeling of self-reliance which successful efforts alone can secure.

To this cause we must attribute the fact, that so few among our educated men read the Latin poets with ease or pleasure. But if the habit of reading independently of foreign assistance be once formed, the want of such assistance is not felt. It is found by experience that boys, who have been taught in this way, read Horace and Juvenal as readily as they do Cicero and Tacitus ; and even with more confidence; since in poetry they are furnished by prosody with an unerring test for resolving many doubts, while in prose they have no such aid.

These are not new views. Books furnished with these auxil-' iaries are going out of use in the best schools in foreign countries. Thirty years ago the learned and practical Vicesimus Knox expressed his disapprobation of them.*

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* « Together with translations,” says he, “I wish it were possible to banish those editions in which the order of construction is given on the same page with the text. It tends to enervate the mind by rendering exertion unnecessary. The little superficial learning of him who has been used to these facilitating inventions may be compared to a temporary edifice built for a day; while the hard-earned knowledge of the other resembles a building, whose foundations are deep and strong, and equally admired for dignity and duration.” Knox's Liberal Education, Sect. IX.

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