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attack, by which they finally became perfect masters of the town. Several houses were set on fire and consumed in the course of this and the former attack, but one of these deserves particular notice ; this was a slated house, four stories high, on the summit of the main street near the church, in which seventyfive persons were burnt to ashes , none having escaped but one man, who in running away was fortunate enough to get clear of the fire of the soldiery. On the evening of the preceding Wednesday, Mr. Culli. more a quaker, wishing to visit his family at his country-house, a short distance from the town, was taken prisoner, as he attempted to pass the patroles, brought in and confined in the market-house, from which he was not released on the day of battle, as if it were by the special interference of providence, for some of the military, when they imagined the day was going against them, had resolved to put all the prisoners in the town to death, but when a party of those on guard entered the place of confinement for the nefarious purpose, Mr. Cullimore addressed them with such an authoritative and impressive tone, saying, “ You shall not shoot the prisoners, there are 6 some men here as loyal as you are.” This ac dress and manner of a better man than Marius, awed and overcame the sanguinary slaves, so that they retired without perpetratieg the horrid crime of their bloody intent!!! Some officers and privates of the king's troops, in the various success of the day, were induced, from time to time, to attempt a retreat to Waterford through the county of Kilkenny. Some of these succeeded in their efforts, and from their unfavourable accounts of the battle, the Roscommon militia who were in full march toward Ross, turned about for Waterford; and even captain Dillon, with some of the county of Dublin militia, were intercepted and put to death in their progress, by the country people, who on sight of the fugitives and on the report of the success of the county of Wexford insurgents, were making every preparation, and nearly in readiness to join them. The insurgents, being upbraided by their chiefs for sullying their bravery by drunkenness, made a third attempt to regain the town, and in this they displayed equal valour with what they exhibited in the earlier part of the day; but by this time the army had acquired a greater degree of confidence in their own strength, while several houses blazed in tremendous conflagration ; and the insurgents received an irreparable loss, when their intrepid leader, John Kelly of Killan, whose dauntless valour on this day was but too conspicuous, received a wound in the leg, which put an end to his career of victory! Paralysed by the loss of such a man's exertions, and no longer able to withstand the violence of the flying artillery, the insurgents sounded å regular retreat, bringing away with them a piece of cannon taken from the army in the course of the action, having lost one which they brought with them, together with some swivels and small pieces, which had been drawn on for mere shew, and which could not be of much use to either party. The insurgents after their defeat returned to their former station, having encamped this night at Carrick-byrne.
The loss of the army on this day, by official state, ment, is allowed to be two hundred and thirty, in killed, wounded, and missing ; but that of the insurgents has been variously reported even by different eye-witnesses, some making it but five hundred, while other's state it at two thousand. Indeed, it is impossible to ascertain their loss during the battle itself, as the number of dead are said to be doubly accumulated by those who were killed unarmed and unresisting after it was all over. Many men had become so intoxicated in the course of the day, that, they were incapable of flying out of the town in the retreat of their associates, and several of the inhabi. tants, whose houses were burnt, and having there. fore no place to retire to, fell victims alike as stragg. ling insurgents to the undistinguishing fury of the irritated soldiery, from which 10 person could escape
who was not called in military attire of one kind or other. Several proposals were made to the general to abandon the town and retreat to Kilkenny, but he was determined to stand as long as he had a man to support him; however, had the troops been attacked that night, the prevalent opinion is, they would have fled. In the dispatches published, thanks were returned to all commanding officers.' The uncommon bravery and exertions of Mr. Edward Devereux appeared so meritorious to general Johnson, that he was offered a commission in the army, which his mercantile avocations prevented him from accepting: of. ".
It is an invariable maxim that cowardice and cruelty are very closely allied. This was most strongly exemplified by the barbarous conduct of the run-away murderers who fled from the battle of Ross to Scullabogue, where a number of prisoners were confined in a barn, to which these savage 'miscreants (having overpowered the guards, who resisted them as long as they conld) set fire, and made every person within its walls, nearly eighty in number, perish in the ilaines. One hundred and eighty-four are confidently asserted to have been victims on this melancholy occasion, besides thirty-seven shot and piked ; but then the same account states, that the barn was in dimensions only thirty-four feet long, and fifteen feet wide ; and it is not therefore within the limit of reasonable probability that there were so many, as they would have been so closely crammed in, that the cruelty of such confinement could not escape notice ; indeed, in such case they could scarcely stand together and respire. On the day following, a proclamation, in the form of resolutions by the whole insurgent army, was published by the commander in chief, signed by himself, and countersigned by the adjutant-general, with intention to curb all excesses against life and property, and encouraging by every possible means union and harmony among all descriptions of the people. I deem it necessary to ina sert it, and here accordingly it follows:
" At a meeting of the general and several officers .." of the united army of the county of Wexford, mit "the following resolutions were agreed upon : .:6. RESOLVED, that the commander in chief shall 4. send guards to certain baronies, for the purpose of o bringing in all men they shall find loitering and " delaying at home, or elsewhere; and if any resist"ance be given to those guards, so to be sent by the " commanding officer's orders, it is our desire and « orders, that such persons so giving resistance shall " be liable to be put to death, by the guards, who « are to bear a commission for that purpose ; and all I such persons found to be so loitering and delaying « at home, when brought in by the guards, shall be “ tried by a court martial, appointed and chosen from " among the commanders of all the different corps, « and be punished with death.
« RESOLVED, that all officers shall immediately re6 pair to their respective quarters, and remain with 65 their different corps, and not depart therefrom un66 der pain of death, unless authorized to quit by writa ten orders from the commander in chief for that 66 purpose. . : “ It is also ordered, that a guard shall be kept in 66 rear of the different armies, with orders to shoot all « persons who shall fly or desert from any engage"ment ; and that these orders shall be taken notice s of by all officers commanding in such engagement.
« ALL nien refusing to obey their superior officers, us to be tried by a court-martial and punished ac6 cording to their sentence.
,"It is also ordered, that all men who shall attempt 66 to leave their respective quarters when they have 6. been halted by the commander in chief, shall suffer " death, unless they shall have leave from their offi« cers for so doing.
" It is ordered by the commander in chief, that all " persons who have stolen or taken away any horse 66 or horses, shall immediately bring in all such horses “ to the camp, at head-quarters; otherwise for any
6 horse that shall be seen or found in the possession of « any person to whom he does not belong, that persor: 6 shall on being convicted thereof, suffer death': 'se of
" AND any goods that shall have been phindered 6 from any house, if not brought in to head-quarters, " or returned immediately to the houses or owners, " that all persons so plundering as aforesaid, sbally on “ being convicted thereof, suffer death. .! *, .
* It is also resolved, that any person or persons 66 who shall take upon them to kill or murder any per« son or prisoner, burn any house, or commit any “plunder, whithout special written orders from the " commander in chief, shall saffer death. Sie
- “ By order of:
“ B. B. HARVEY, commander in chief.
: “ FRANCIS BRELN, sec. and adj.” “ Head-quarters, Carrick-byrne 's
“ camp, June 6, 1798.". A proclamation of similar tendency was issued at . Wexford on the 7th, addressed to the insurgent armies by general Edward Roche, conceived in the following: words :
« TO THE PEOPLE OF IRELAND. 6.COUNTRYMEN AND FELLOW-SOLDIERS! ;
“ Your patriotic exertions in the cause of your 65 country have hitherto exceeded your most sanguine. 6 expectations, and in a short time must ultimately « be crowned with success. Liberty has raised her 6 drooping head: thousands daily flack, to her stan56 dard : the voice of her children every where pre.. 06 vails. Let us then, in the moment of triumph, re66 turn thanks to the Almighty ruler of the universe, 66 that a total stop has been put to those sanguinary 66 measures which of late were but too often resorted “ to by the creatures of government, to keep the peo
ple in slavery. * NOTHING now, my countrymen, appears neces. sary to secure the conquests you have already won,