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P. VIRGILII MARONIS

ENEIDOS.

LIBER V.

INTEREA medium Æneas jam classe tenebat
Certus iter, fluctusque atros Aquilone secabat,
Monia respiciens, quæ jam infelicis Elisa
Collucent flammis. Quæ tantum accenderit ignem
Causa latet: duri magno sed amore dolores
Polluto, notumque furens quid femina possit,
Triste per augurium Teucrorum pectora ducunt.

Ut pelagus tenuere rates, nec jam amplius ulla
Occurrit tellus; maria undique, et undique cœlum;
Olli cæruleus supra caput astitit imber,
Noctem hiememque ferens; et inhorruit unda tenebris.
Ipse gubernator puppi Palinurus ab altâ,
Heu! quianam tanti cinxerunt æthera nimbi?
Quidve, pater Neptune, paras? sic deinde locutus,
Colligere arma jubet, validisque incumbere remis;
Obliquatque sinus in ventum, ac talia fatur:
Magnanime Ænea, non, si mihi Jupiter auctor
Spondeat, hoc sperem Italiam contingere cœlo.
Mutati transversa fremunt, et vespere ab atro
Consurgunt venti; atque in nubem cogitur aër.
Nec nos obniti contra, nec tendere tantum
Sufficimus. Superat quoniam Fortuna, sequamur;
Quòque vocat, vertamus iter: nec litora longè

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7. Augurium occurs in the sense of dismal presages or conjectures in Cicero, Tusc. Qu. i. 15.

THE

ENEID OF VIRGIL.

BOOK V.

MEANWHILE Æneas unalterably resolved, had reached the open sea, and was cutting the black billows before the wind, looking back to the walls which now glare with the flames of unfortunate Elisa. What cause may have kindled such a blaze is unknown: but the thought of those cruel agonies that arise from violent love when injured, and the knowledge of what frantic outrageous woman can do, led the minds of the Trojans into dismal conjectures.

As soon as their ships were in the main sea, and no more land appears, sky and ocean all around; a dark lead-coloured watery cloud stood over his head, bringing on night and storm; and the waves became horrid with darkness. The pilot Palinurus himself from the lofty stern exclaims, Ah! why have such threatening clouds invested the sky? or what, O father Neptune, hast thou in view? Thus having spoken, he next commands to furl the sails, and ply the sturdy oars; the bellying canvas he turns askance to the wind, and thus addresses Æneas: Magnanimous Æneas, should Jupiter on his authority assure me, I could not hope to reach Italy in this weather. The winds changed roar in our back-sail, and rise from the lowering west, and the whole air is condensed into cloud. We are neither able to struggle against the storm, nor make any progress: since Fortune overpowers us, let us follow her, and turn our course where she invites us: the trusty shores of your brother

Fida reor fraterna Erycis, portusque Sicanos,
Si modo ritè memor servata remetior astra.
Tum pius Æneas: Equidem sic poscere ventos
Jamdudum, et frustra cerno te tendere contra.
Flecte viam velis. An sit mihi gratior ulla,
Quoque magis fessas optem demittere naves,
Quàm quæ Dardanium tellus mihi servat Acesten,
Et patris Anchise gremio complectitur ossa?
Hæc ubi dicta, petunt portus, et vela secundi
Intendunt Zephyri: fertur cita gurgite classis;
Et tandem læti notæ advertuntur arena.
At procul excelso miratus vertice montis
Adventum, sociasque rates, occurrit Acestes,
Horridus in jaculis, et pelle Libystidis ursæ ;
Troïa Criniso conceptum flumine mater
Quem genuit. Veterum non immemor ille parentum
Gratatur reduces, et gazâ lætus agresti
Excipit, ac fessos opibus solatur amicis.

Postera cum primo stellas oriente fugârat
Clara dies, socios in cœtum litore ab omni
Advocat Æneas, tumulique ex aggere fatur :
Dardanidæ magni, genus alto à sanguine Divûm,
Annuus exactis completur mensibus orbis,
Ex quo reliquias divinique ossa parentis
Condidimus terrâ, moestasque sacravimus aras.
Jamque dies, ni fallor, adest, quem semper acerbum,
Semper honoratum (sic Dî voluistis) habebo.
Hunc ego Getulis agerem si syrtibus exsul,
Argolicove mari deprensus et urbe Mycena,
Annua vota tamen, solennesque ordine pompas
Exsequerer, strueremque suis altaria donis.
Nunc ultro ad cineres ipsius et ossa parentis,

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52. Deprensus is a term applied to seamen exposed to the dangers of the main, as Georg. iv. 421.

Eryx, and the Sicilian ports, I deem not far off, if I but rightly remembering review the stars I observed before. Then the pious Æneas said, I indeed have observed long ago that the winds urge us to this, and that your contrary efforts are in vain. Shift your course by turning the sails. Can any land be more welcome to me, or where I would sooner choose to put in my weather-beaten ships, than that which preserves for me Trojan Acestes, and in its womb contains the bones of my father Anchises? This said, they make towards the port, and the prosperous Zephyrs stretch the sails: the fleet swiftly rides on the flood; and at length the joyous crew are wafted to the well-known strand. But Acestes, from a mountain's lofty summit, struck with the distant prospect of their arrival, and knowing their friendly ships, comes up to them, roughly arrayed with javelins, and the hide of an African bear; whom, begotten by the river Crinisius, a Trojan mother bore. He, not unmindful of his origin, congratulates them on their safe arrival, and cheerfully entertains them with rude magnificence, and refreshes them after their fatigue with friendly hospitable cheer.

When with the early dawn the ensuing bright day had chased away the stars, Æneas summons to council his followers from all the shore, and from the summit of a rising ground thus addresses them: Illustrious Trojans, whose descent is from the blood of the gods, the annual circle is completed by a full revolution of months, since we lodged in the earth the reliques and bones of my god-like sire, and consecrated to him the altars of mourning. And now the day, if I mistake not, is at hand, which I shall always account a day of sorrow, always a day to be honoured: such, ye gods, has been your pleasure. Were I to pass this day in exile among the quicksands of Getulia, or caught on the Grecian sea, and in the city of Mycene, yet would I regularly perform my annual vows, and the solemn funeral processions, and heap the altars with their proper offerings. Now, without premeditated design, though not, I judge, with

Haud equidem sine mente, reor, sine numine Divûm,
Adsumus, et portus delati intramus amicos.
Ergo agite, et cuncti lætum celebremus honorem :
Poscamus ventos, atque hæc me sacra quotannis
Urbe velit positâ templis sibi ferre dicatis.
Bina boum vobis Troja generatus Acestes
Dat numero capita in naves: adhibete penates
Et patrios epulis, et quos colit hospes Acestes.
Præterea, si nona diem mortalibus almum
Aurora extulerit, radiisque retexerit orbem,
Prima citæ Teucris ponam certamina classis.
Quique pedum cursu valet, et qui viribus audax,
Aut jaculo incedit melior, levibusque sagittis,
Seu crudo fidit pugnam committere cæstu ;

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Cuncti adsint, meritæque exspectent præmia palmæ: 70
Ore favete omnes, et cingite tempora ramis.
Sic fatus, velat maternâ tempora myrto.

Hoc Elymus facit, hoc ævi maturus Acestes,

Hoc puer Ascanius; sequitur quos cætera pubes.
Ille è concilio multis cum millibus ibat

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Ad tumulum, magnâ medius comitante catervâ.

Hìc duo ritè mero libans carchesia Baccho,

Fundit humi, duo lacte novo, duo sanguine sacro,
Purpureosque jacit flores, ac talia fatur :

Salve, sancte parens! iterum salvete, recepti
Nequicquam cineres, animæque umbræque paternæ !
Non licuit fines Italos, fataliaque arva,

Nec tecum Ausonium, quicunque est, quærere Tybrim.
Dixerat hæc; adytis cum lubricus anguis ab imis,
Septem ingens gyros, septena volumina traxit.
Amplexus placidè tumulum, lapsusque per aras;
Cæruleæ cui terga notæ, maculosus et auro •
Squamam incendebat fulgor; ceu nubibus arcus

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58. Lactum honorem. So called because Anchises was thereby to be deified.

71. Ore favete. This, or favete linguis, Hor. Carm. Sec. was the phrase used by the public crier before the celebration of solemn games or sacrifices, and imports, Favour us with a religious attention, pronounce not words of bad omen, and aid us with your prayers, your applause, and your joyful acclamations.

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