Page images
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Human Cultivation
Howard, John, sketch of the life of

177, 206, 291, 345

Hell Torments, considerations on the absolute infinity of 23,

Jehovah, rebellion against and subjection to him contrasted
Job, ch. viii. a new translation
Jonah and the whale -


[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

Murder prevented by the name of God rein, wenn

Miscellaneous Maxims and Reflections 134, 132, 308, 355, 433)

Modern superstitious practices founded on heathenism
Masters, a hint to


. 216
Mathematical question, 136. Answer to ditto.


[ocr errors]

New Creation, Wesley on

on the

Natural History 1, 41, 81, 121, 161, 201, 241, 281, 321, 361, 401
Nile, source and progress of the -.
Niagara, account of the fall of 'n
Negroes, wonderful adventure of two

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Oaths, letter on by J. Cue

R: Wright

Cath, Christ took a legał one

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Preceptor, No. II.

- No. III.


Prophecy, pretenders to
Prophecies now fulfilling, remarks on

Prayer, an uncommon one -


Praying for the damned

Perseverance, hint on


POETRY.-From a Father to his Daughter, 37, The Morals of Cato

Çensorius, 38. On Friendship, 32. Epitaph for Athanasius's Creed,

40. On a good Conscience, ibid. Froin a Brother to his Sisters, 77,

Recipe for Connubial Happiness, 79. An Epigram, 80. A young

Man's Wish, 117. Essay on Friendship, 119, 159. Invocation to

Peace, 158. Versification of Ps. civ. 152. Thoughts which occurred

to a Husband while his Wife was in great Agony in Labour, 199.

Death-bed Repentance, 237. A Fragment from a serious musical
Entertainment, 240. To a Friend on his Marriage, 278. The
Christian addressed by his Watch, 279. Epitaph on S. Love, 280.
Acrostic, 317. Confidence in God in a Thunder Storm, ibid.
Liberality encouraged, 318. An Ejaculation, 319. Verses on
Marriage, ibid. Sonnet, 320. Dependence on God, 357. On the
On the Morning, ibid. Ancient and Modern Intollerance, 158. On
a Spider's Web, 359. Verses to a young new married Puir, ibid.
Peculiarity of the Chinese Language, 360. Providence, 39.5. A
Dialogue belween the Hospital and New Playhouse, at Birmingham,
396. Lines on the Death of a Child, 398 A Winter Thought, 399.
On the Death of an amiable Wife, 400. Epitaph by Sierne, ibid.
The Wicked taken in their own Devices, 436. Ambition's Reward,
ibid. An Apostrophe to Love, 437. Unity of God and Glory of
Christ, 438. On the early Singing of the Lark, 439: On a Sleeping
Infant, 440. A Morning Thought, ibid. An Evening Thought,
ibid. The Wish, 470. An Hyinn, 471. Visit of Hope to Sydney
Cove, 472.

[ocr errors]

Queries, Typical

Query on Divine Justice, and Answer

- - Scarlett's Testament, 275. Answered
Questions on future Punishment, 313. Answered
Question on 2 Tim. iiitty.


1 John, v. 7., p. 34. Apswered


the Atonement, 34. Answered


- God's repenting, 196. Answered


- the proper Attitude for Praying, 108. Answered 350

the Resurrection, 300. Answered

431, 352

Satisfaction for Sin, 375. Answered


Existence of Evil Spirits


- Word Antichrist


- the future State of Brutes


- Mat. xii. 31, 32.


by a Sussex Fariner answered

Qualifications essential to a Commentator on the Holy Scriptures 66

[ocr errors]

Reprobation, Letter IV. on

Robinson Crusoe and his Man Friday

- Remarks on

Request of A. B. C. to the Trinitarians, &c.
Reproof of Drunkenness
Repentance, Sentences on
Rowles, Remarks on his Pamphlet against the Restoration

[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Thoughts on the Effects of Learning upon Christianity

the Works of Creation

the first Sin of Adam

- Prov. xiv. 19

Talents, different Application of
Tides, Nature and Cause of the

- St. Pierre's Theory of the

Tillotson, no Universalist

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

Universal Doctrine, Letters on the Antiquity of
Under-Currents, Description of

167, 296


[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Wesley's Thoughts ou the New Creation
Women, Letter V. on
Worshippers in London, estimate of their number
Watts's Thoughts on the joyful Effects of the Revelation of an

Universal Restoration
Winchester's Writings published in Holland
War, Retlections on
Whirlpools, Description of

[ocr errors]
[graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

W HEN we view the surface of our globe, we are stricken with the

appearance of those streams of water which we call rivers, which at once beautify the prospect, fertilize the soil, and subserve the most -valuable purposes of human life. The study of nature has been the employment of wise men in every age; yet the attainments of human research have never been fully satisfactory to the mind. The greatest philosophers have known only a little, guessed at inore, and lamented their ignorance of most parts of the works of God. “ The sun ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and pants for the place whence he arose. All things are full of labour-man cannot utter it. All rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full. Unto the place whence the rivers come, thither they return again. The eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear with hearing." Such were the reflections of the wisest of the ancient Jews.

Whence are rivers produced? whence do they derive those unceasing stores of water, which continually flow in their spacious channels? This question has divided the opinions of mankind almost beyond any other topic in natural history. Almost every philosopher who has thought upon the subject, has given a solution different from others. But in the controversy on this head, we may rank the contending parties chiefly under two great leaders, M. De La Hire, a famous French writer, on the one hand; and the great Dr. Hally on the other. The first contends that rivers must be supplied from the sea, strained through the pores of the carth; the second has endeavoured to demonstrate that the clouds alone are sufficient for the supply. Both sides have called mathematics to their aid; and, in the opinion of the by-standers, have shewn, that long and laborious calculations can at any time be made, by men of science, to obscure bath sides of.a question.



De La Hire, to shrew that the clouds, by rain, are insufficient for ite production of rivers, asserts, that raiu never penetrates the surface of thie earth above sixteen inches. Hence he infers, that it is impossible for it, in many cases, to sink so as to be found at such considerable depths below, as to give rise to rivers. He grants, indeed, that rain water is often seen to mix with rivers, and greatly to swell their currents; but that a much greater part of it evaporates. “ If, says he, the whole earth were covered with water, evaporation alone would be sufficient to carry off two feet nine inches of it in a year : and yet we know very well, that hardly nineteen inches of rain water fall in that time; so that evaporation would carry off a much greater quantity than is ever known. The small quantity of rain water that falls in a year is therefore but barely sufficient for the purposes of vegetation. Two leaves of a fig-tree have been found, by experiment, to imbibe from the earth, in five hours and a half, two ounces of water. This implies the gre. t quantity of fluid that must be exhausted in the maintenance of one single plant. Add to this, that the waters of the river Rungis do, by calculation, rise to fifty inches, and the whole country froin whence these waters are supplied, never receives fifty inches in the year, by rain. Besides this, there are many salısprings, which are known to proceed immediately from the sea, and are subject to its flux and reflux. In short, wherever we dig beneath the surface of the earth, except in a few instances, water is to be found; and it is this subterraneous' water, which is raised into steam, by the internal heat of the earth, that feeds plants. It is this water that distils through the interstices of the earth; and there cooling, forms fountains. It is this subterraneous water also that forms the chief supply of rivers, and pours plenty over the whole earth.” See Hist. de l'Acad 1713. p. 56. .. Dr. Hally, on the contrary, asserts, that the vapours which are exhaled from the sea, and driven by the winds upon land, are more than sufficient to supply, not only plants with moisture, but also to furnish a sufficiency of water to furnish the greatest rivers. He procured an estimate to be made of the quantity of water emptied at the mouth of large rivers; and of the quantity also, raised from the sea by evaporation; and it was found, that the latter by far exceeds the former. This calculation was made by Mr. Mariotte. By him it was found, upon receiving such rain as fell in a year, in a proper vessel, fitted for that purpose, that, one year with another, there might fall about twenty inches of water upon the surface of the earth throughout Europe. It was also computed, that the river Seine, from its source to the city of Paris, might cover an extent of ground, that would supply it annually with above seven billions of cubic feet of this water, formed by evaporation. But, upon computing the quantity which passed through the arches of its bridges in a year, it was found to amount to only two hundred and eighty millions of cubic feet, which is not above a sixth part of the former number., Hence, therefore, it appears, that this river may receive a supply brought to it by the evaporated waters of the sea, six times' greater than what it gives back to the sea by its current: and therefore, evaporation is more than sufficient 'for maintaining the greatest rivers, and supplying the purposes of vegetation.

« PreviousContinue »