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Substance of the Earl of Lauderdale's Speech in the House of Lords, on Thursday the 2d of November 1820, on the second reading of the Bill of Pains and Penalties. 8vo. 2s. Marvellous and Disinterested Patriotism of Certain Learned Whigs; illustrated in Prose and Rhyme, for the use of the Inhabitants of Edinburgh; by “Fair Play and Have at Them.” Part I. 8vo. 6d. Have at Them; Tallyho; containing some Intercepted Correspondence. Part II. 8vo. 6d. Lines Recommendatory of Christian Union. 8vo. 2s. A Letter to James Moncreiff, Esq. Advocate, Chairman of the Meeting at the Pantheon; by A Friend to the People. 6d. A Dictionary of Chemistry, on the Basis of Mr Nicolson; by Andrew Ure, M. D. Professor of the Anderstonian Institution, Member of the Geological Society, &c. &c. In one volume 8vo. L. l. ls. boards. The Case of Her Majesty Queen Carohine, simplified and brought to the Test of Justice, Truth, and Common Sense, in Two Letters; by a Caledonian. In 8vo, 1s. The Christian and Civic Economy of Large Towns; by Thomas Chalmers, D.D.
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EUROPE. FRANCE.-The Session of the Legislative Chambers was opened on the 19th December by a speech from the King ; which, however, throws little light upon the state of France, or upon the general politics of Europe. In that document France is represented to be in a state of peace and prosperity. In the interior successes always increasing have crowned the efforts of her laborious activity, which apply equally to agriculture, arts, and industry. A new diminution of taxes is announced, and the recent modifications in the electoral system are leading to those advantages which were anticipated. Of the foreign relations of France it is said, that time has only more closely united the alliance of which France forms a part—and that this alliance, while it averts the causes of war, ought to inspire confidence against the dangers to which social order or the political equilibrium may be exposed.
NETHERLANDs.-On the 29th December, the palace of the Prince of Orange at Brussels was totally destroyed by fire. Many valuable effects were saved, but
many were also destroyed. The flames communicated to the noble hall of the States General, and merely the bare walls of that magnificent building remain; but all the archives and papers of government have been preserved. The Princess of Orange bore this distressing event with a courage worthy the sister of the Emperor Alexander. SPAIN.—The aspect of affairs in this country is still somewhat troubled. It appears certain, that there exists an active party in Spain, though they are small in number, who are anxious for the restoration of the ancient form of government. The spirit of the great body of the people is, however, so adverse to their views, that no fears are entertained for the stability of the present system. The discontented occasionally assemble in different parts of the Peninsula, in small companies of about 20 or 30 armed men, but their object seems to be as much predatory as political, so that it is not easy to distinguish these insurgents from ordinary banditti. In some cases the clergy are said to be the instigators of the disturbances. It would also apthat suspicions begin to be entertaino, the o of the king in his attachment to the new order of things. At Madrid, a groom of his majesty's bedchamber, and a colonel, with 24 other persons, have been arrested on a charge of being implicated in the counter revolutionary movement of Morales. On the 23d November, the magistrates of Madrid presented to his majesty an address, stating to him that those who keep alive this ferment are to be found in his court and palaces— men who, falsely assuming to themselves the exclusive merit of loyalty, are incessantly occupied in endeavours to subvert the free constitution of their country; and they rêpresent to his majesty the futility of all attempts to *: the feelings of the people, until it shall be practically demonstrated that his majesty regards as his enemies all who are hostile to the new institutions. The Duke de l'Infantado, and Generals Bassecourt and St Marc, have been banished from Madrid, owing to the hostility which they avow to the constitutional system. An extraordinary meeting of the Cortes is talked of, for the purpose of taking precautions, as well against the internal dangers to which the country is exposed, as against those with which it is menaced from without, advices, it is said, having been received from Troppau which have caused serious alarm. GERMANY.-From Darmstadt, under the date of December 22, we learn that the new Constitution of Hesse has been published. The following are its leadings features. The first three articles relate entirely to the relations of Hesse in the German Confederatien. The fourth is the obligation of the Grand Duke to govern according to the new Constitution, and declares his person inviolable. The fifth article establishes the right of hereditary succession, which is to pass to a female in default of a male heir. The 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th articles relate to terri. torial possessions, which are uninteresting to English readers. Article 12 says, “The enjoyment of civil rights, public and private, is confined to natives."—Thirteenth, the right of a nation is thus acquired:–1. By birth, if the parents were natives at the tinue of the birth of the individual. 2. By marriage of a foreign female with a native. 3. By the exercise of any public function. 4. By naturalization;—all male residents, who are 21 years of age, who have lived three years in the duchy, and are not subjects of any other power. Article 15. Those who do not profess the Christian religion cannot enjoy the rights of citizens, except where the law has expressly allowed it—Art. 16. Any legal judgment against a citizen for criminal offences deprives him of all his rights. The exercise of these rights is suspended—1st, By any judicial
or special inquiry into a criminal charge2dly, By failure, (until his creditors are completely satisfied,) by curatelle (guardianship) during the whole of its duration. 4th, By servitude.—Art. 17. The right of citizenship is lost—lst, By emigration. 2dly, By the marriage of a female with a foreigner. The widow, however, may recover her rights, if, during her marriage, she has continued to live in the Grand Duchy, or if, after the death of her husband, she has returned with the consent of the Government.—Art. 18. All Hessians are equal before the law.—Art. 19. Birth gives no man the right of exercising any public function.—Art. 20. The diversity of religious opinions under the Christian faith makes no alteration in civil or political ights. NAPLEs.-The affairs of this country continue to excite a lively interest. Before coming to a determination, as to the course they will pursue, the Allied Sovereigns have invited the King of Naples to a personal conference at Troppau, and his Majesty, with the permission of his Parliament, accordingly embarked on the 13th Dec. on board the British man of war Vengeur, for Leghorn. This request of the Allied Sovereigns gave rise to some very interesting proceedings in Naples. On the 7th the King informed his Parliament of his wish to comply with it, and of his determination “to make every exertion for the enjoyment of a liberal and wise Constitution, that whatever measure circumstances may exact relatively to our actual political state, all my efforts will be directed, that it may remain for ever fixed upon the fol. lowing basis: 1. That the individual and real liberty of my beloved subjects may be secured by a fundamental law of the state. 2. That birth shall confer no privileges in the composition of the legislative body of the state. 3. That no taxes shall be imposed without the consent of the nation in its legislative representation. 4. That the accounts of public expenditure shall be referred to the nation itself, and to its representatives. 5. That laws shall be made in accord with the national representatives. 6. That the judicial power shall be independent. 7. That the press shall remain free, except from the operations of laws enacted against the abuses of its liberty. 8. That the ministers be responsible. 9. That the civil list shall be fixed. I farther declare that none of my subjects shall ever receive molestation on account of past political events.” The Parliament postponed its answer to the message to the next day, the 8th of December. On that day the Parliament Chamber was filled and surrounded by crowds of anxious spectators. A committee had been appointed to prepare an answer to the message. The answer of the committee was read and ap
proved of with acclamation. It declared, that the Spanish Constitution alone must be the Constitution of Naples—that this #: no other * sworn o ing, the , the military and civi jo. the F. had not power to consent to the departure of the ing, except upon the understanding that his uld have for its object the support of the Spanish Constitution, sworn to by all. The King was singiaiy tractable. The Duke of Campo Chiaro sent a second message, stating, that the first had been misinterpreted, and disclaiming on the part of the King any thought of violating the Constitution, to which he had swarm. This did not give satisfaction, and the Minister then sent a third message to the Parliament, in which was the following seatence: “I declare I will not go to Laybach, except for the purpose of maintaining the Spanish Constitution. After this declaration, I desire that the Parliament will decide, in positive terms, whether they will consent to my being present at the Congress at Laybach.” It would appear that the conduct of the Ministers, *: energency, appeared either treacherous or weak. The Parliament, it was evident, had to confidence in the Duke of Campo Chiaro. Accordingly, a decree of the Prince VicarGeneral (the King's son) announced, that the six Ministers, heads of departments, had resigned, and naming their successors. The Duke de Gallo is the new Foreign Minister, and he is a person in whom the friends of the new order of things have great confidence. He was the person thosen to defend its interests at Vienna.The Parliament at ło, the King's departure. He deman € coin. *::::: of four members. * Parliament declined—relying solely upon his royal faith, and his affection for his people. The departure of the King (to embark on board the Vengeur) was affecting; he was escorted by multitudes to the shore, greeted the whole way, with the kindest expressions. He arrived in safety st Leghorn, and had lodgings prepared for him at Florence, on the 19th, on his way to Laybach. His suite is numerous, among whom no diplomatic person is mentioned. It is stated, however, that the Duke de Gallo was to join him at Laybach. No disorder was committed at Nafles. The Prince Vicar-General or Regent directed a circular to the different Governors of Provinces, announcing the King's departure, and commanding them to preserve order and confidence, by firm and decisive conduct, on their responsibility. It appears the Parliament of Naples had suddenly closed their modifications of the Spanish Constitution, and pronounced it complete. The changes, however, did to obtain the royal assent, which appears
to have been the object of bringing the deliberations so quickly to a conclusion. The unanimity which prevails in the Parliament is remarkable. It seems animated with one spirit. Such is the actual crisis of the affairs of Naples. The nation seems prepared to combat for its liberty and independence. It remains to be seen what will be the conduct of the Allies. A manifesto of the views of the Congress is expected shortly to appear.
The New York papers of the 16th No. vember contain the President's m to Congress, which assemble on the 14th. In §. the President commences by congratulating the Congress upon the flourishing state of the Union. He admits the embarrassed condition of trade, but treats it as “a mild and instructive admonition from dangers to be shunned in future;” and ascribes it to the present circumstances of the world, and the transi. tions from war to peace.
In those parts which advert to the internal condition of the Union, the President speaks with satisfaction of the already improving prosperity, and with confidence of its increase. His tone, also, is amicable, as respects the foreign relations of the United States. The Florida question is not yet settled with Spain, but a friendly adjustment is anticipated. A brief allusion is made to the commercial restrictions, imposed upon the intercourse between the United States and the British West India and American Colonies, restrictions, it is observed, which “it is satisfactory to recollect, are defensive only,” on the part of the former. It is also ăded, that “ the experiment is advancing in a spirit of amity between the parties.” The question depending between the United States and Great Britain, respecting the construction of the first article of the Treaty of Ghent, has been referred by both Governments to the decision of the Emperor of Russia, “who has accepted the unmpirage.” The discussions between France and the United States, respecting the new tonnage duty upon French vessels, are to be carried on at Washington, whither the French Minister Plenipotentiary was ordered to repair for the purpose. The state of the South American Colonies is glanced at, and a confident hope expressed that their independence must be acknowledged by the mother country.
The President next congratulates the Congress upon the flourishing state of the national revenue. On the 30th of September 1815, the funded and floating debt of the States amounted to 158,439,049 dollars; and on the 30th of September 1820, it had been reduced to 91,993,883 dollars; notwithstanding that, in the intermediate time fortifications had been carried on, permanent magazines and arsenals erected, public buildings restored, the navy greatly augmented, and the military, ordnance, and naval magazines replenished. The net revenue for the year ending the 30th September 1820, was 16,794,107 dollars, the expenditure 16,871,536 dollars. The eneral tone of the message is pacific ; and it dwells with undisguised satisfaction upon the success of the South American revolutionists. The House of Representatives found an extraordinary difficulty in electing a new Speaker in the room of Mr Clay, who has resigned. There were four candidates, but the successful one must have an absolute majority of the whole number of votes. The number of ballotings, which amounted to twenty-one, is said to be wholly without any precedent. . At last, the choice fell upon Mr John Taylor, who was elected by a majority of four. Four new States have been added to the Union during the last Session of Congress, viz. Illinois, Alabama, Maine, and Missouri, which, with the territories of Michigan and Arkansaw, which will soon have a
population to entitle them to become inde
pendent States, will double the original number that declared themselves independent of Great Britain on the 4th of July 1776. The number of States being then only thirteen; it is now twenty-four, and . this acquisition will be twenty-six. South AMERICA.—It appears that an armistice has been entered into between Bolivar and Morillo, after several actions, in which it is stated that the former had been worsted and driven back to the vicinity of Angostura. The letters state that it was the late revolution in Spain which weakened Bolivar, as it indisposed his troops to further resistance to the mother country. A meeting of commissioners, finally to adjust the differences, and put an end to hostilitics, was to take place on the 23d October, at San Fernando de Apure. It is supposed, however, that nothing will be decided, as Bolivar will listen to nothing short of the entire independence of the country, which the other has not power to grant. Accounts from Chili state the sailing of the expedition against Peru. The naval
rt of the armament under the command of ord Cochrane, and the land forces under General San Martin. The ships consisted of eight vessels of war of various rates, and fourteen transports; the former mounting 236 guns, and manned with 1538 seamen, half of whom are Englishmen. WEST INDIEs.—St Domingo.—The accounts from this island are highly important. The whole island is now united under one republican government, at the head of which is President Boyer. On learning the death of Christophe, he appears to have moved forward with rapidity and decision. On the 20th of October he took possession of Gonaives, without opposition, his army consisting of 10,000 men. On the 22d October he marched for the capital, where, it seems, every thing had been arranged for his reception ; for, on the 21st, a meeting of the principal inhabitants, magistrates, and military officers, was held, and the immediate entry of Boyer was announced, as well as that in future all Hayti would be under one government. He accordingly entered the capital on the 22d, at the head of 20,000 men, and he was roclaimed President on the 26th, on which lay he issued a proclamation to the Haytians. After the revolt of the troops at St Mark's and the Cape, and the death of Christophe, the several quarters of the north declared rapidly for the government of the republic; and the only resistance which continued to be offered to President Boyer was by the fortress of La Ferriere, near the Cape, to which the remainder of Christophe's family had fled, and by some troops under the command of General Romain, (Prince of Kimbe,) who had taken post in the mountains of Gross Morne, near Gonaives, with the assumed title of General in Chief. The fortress of Ferriere appears, however, to have been at last quietly given up to the republican together with the members of Christophe's family, and the whole of the ex-king's treasures, &c. On this, Romain also made overtures to surrender to President Boyer, on condition that himself and all with him should be admitted to the privileges of citizens of the republic. To this proposi. tion Boyer readily acceded.
bills of indictment being found, a Judge's
warrant was immediately issued to apprehend Mr O’Brien, who, having heard of the circumstance, applied several times on
Monday to Mr Birnie, the Magistrate, to allow him to give bail before him without the form of being apprehended. It being a Judge's warrant, however, the Magistrate had no power to take bail; and on Monday evening Holyland, a constable,
accompanied by Mr Pearson, the Solicitor, proceeded to the house of Mr O’Brien, took him into custody, and conveyed him to the Judge's Chambers, in Serjeant's Inn; but the Judge having left the Chambers, they proceeded to Mr Justice Bayley's house, in Bedford Square, where the defendant was held to bail, himself in L.200, and two sureties in L. 100 each.
His sureties were Mr Christian, of the Strand, linen draper; Mr Hardie, of the
firm of Messrs Greenwood and Cox, Ar
my Agents, Charing Cross.
Earthquake.—Wanlockhead, Nov. 30.
—The weather for some time past has
been remarkably stormy; heavy rains ac
companied by high winds have prevailed,
but in the end of last week and beginning
of this, the clouds, which had for some
time lowered, appeared to be dissipated, and we had some signs of returning good
weather. Tuesday morning was remarkably fine but hazy, the atmosphere still,
and the clouds, when they were visible, had no particular appearance. About 8 o'clock
A. M. a slight shock of an earthquake was
felt at Leadhills and Wanlockhead, attended with a hollow rumbling noise.
The miners, who were at work 150
fathoms below ground, heard the alarming sound very distinctly, and being afraid lest
the works were rushing down, many of them left their employment, and came
above ground. In the evening of the same
day, about 11 o'clock, a similar, or still
louder sound was heard at the above
places, but not accompanied by any
trembling or motion of the earth. These
phenomena have been observed for eight or ten miles eastward, and three or four miles westward of these places, but whe
ther they have extended beyond these
limits is not yet accurately ascertained, but
it is probable that the more immediate
effects of these awful convulsions of nature may have already been experienced in some distant quarter, particularly as the earthquake, by which Lisbon was almost totally destroyed 65 years ago, was very
distinctly felt at Leadhills and Wanlockhead, according to tradition, and in the memory of some old residenters.
lorecembert. Ireland.—From various accounts that have come to our knowledge from most respectable sources, we regret having it in our power to state that the tranquillity of vol. viii.
this country has latterly been much disturbed by the predominant spirit of disaffection that is making rapid strides, we may say into almost every district of it. Administering illegal oaths, taking arms forcibly by night, &c. has of late been carried on with too great success, and we are so to add with impunity. On Friday wee an armed banditti broke into the houses of several farmers in the parish of Rahne, during the night, and succeeded in taking 12 or 14 stand of arms. A poor man in a thatched cabin, who, we are informed, belongs to a corps of Yeomanry, was attacked by those ruffians for the purpose of taking his arms also ; but we have much pleasure in stating that he made a most spirited resistance, and effectually beat them off-Westmeath Journal. 2. Glasgow.—There has not appeared for the last thirty years so many removal tickets on shops, and that too in Gallowgate Street, as is at present exhibited; nor is this confined to the shops; whole flats of lodgings, counting-houses, and even moderately sized dwelling-houses, are to be had “at present, rent moderate.” A flat of a house, in a certain and respectable neighbourhood, that let three years ago at L. 28, has been let at L. 15, and a shop in the same tenement, the rent of which was L. 22, has been let for L. 16. Many shops are shut altogether in the suburbs and even in the town, and those that are kept open generally have just reason to complain of a greater demand being made on their stock of humanity than on that of their wares. A gentleman in Trongate, who rents a shop at no less than L. 100, with a suitable establishment, sells 25 needles, No. 7, neatly put up, at one halfpenny: A Sheffield merchant offers a gross of six bladed knives at 10s.-Glasgow Chronicle. Fatal Affray.—On the 25th ult, a quarrel, which was attended with fatal consequences, took place betwixt four men who were drinking in a public house at Kilsyth, about 11 o'clock at night. The quarrel is said to have originated in consequence of the landlord, Thomas Cuddy, having refused to supply them with spirits. In the altercation, the landlord, an old man, was knocked down—whereupon one of his sons, and a young man of the name of James Shaw, who were in the kitchen at the time, came immediately to his assistance; a violent scuffle ensued, in which one of the four men, named James Thomson, weaver, was stabbed with an instrument in the groin–He was removed to his father's house in Kilsyth, where he died next morning. Two men, James Davidson Cuddy, and John Shaw, both belonging to Kilsyth, were apprehended and lodged in Stirling jail on Tuesday last, on suspicion of being concerned in this sanguinary outrage. A precognition is now going on L