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purpose ich ng been popularly applied to this ministry as a term
Bull, John.-A well-known collective name of the English nation,
first used in Arbuthnot's satire, “ The History of JOHN BULL," usually published in Swift's works. In this satire, the French are designated as Lewis Baboon, the Dutch as Nicholas Frog, etc. The “ History of John Bull” was designed to ridicule the Duke of Marlborough.
“One would think that, in personifying itself, a nation would be apt to picture something grand, heroic, and imposing ; but it is characteristic of the peculiar humour of the English, and of their love for what is blunt, comic, and familiar, that they have embodied their national oddities in the figure of a sturdy, corpulent old fellow, with a three-cornered bat, red waistcoat, leather breeches, and stout daken cudgel. Thus they have taken a singular delight in exhibiting their most private foibles in a laughable point of view, and have been 80 successful in their delineation that there is scarcely a being in actual existence more absolutely present to the public mind than that eccentric personage, JOHN BULL."—W. IRVING. Bumper.-When the English were good Catholics, they usually dran
the Pope's health in a full glass every day after dinner-au bon
père: whence BUMPER.–COCCHI. Butterfly.-I'd be a BUTTERFLY; living a rover, Dying when fair things are fading away.-T. H. BAYLEY.
C. Cabal, The.-A name given in English history to a famous cabinet
council formed in 1670, and composed of five unpopular ministers of Charles II., namely, Lords Clifford, Ashley, Buckingham, Arlington, and Lauderdale. The word “CABAL"-at that time in common use to denote a junto or set of men united for political
it soon a made up of the initials of the names of the several members. Cadmean Victory, A.-Greek Proverb. A CADMEAN VICTORY was
one in which the victors suffered as much as their enemies. Cæsar.-But yesterday, the word of CÆSAR might
Have stood against the world : now lies he there,
SHAKESPERE, Julius Cæsar. - CÆSAR had his Brutus-Charles the First, his Cromwell--and George the Third---" Treason !” cried the Speaker)-may profit by their example. If this be treason, make the most of it.
Cæsar.-Conjure with them,
Brutus will start a spirit as soon as CÆSAR.
SHAKESPERE, Julius Cæsar.
Ibid., Julius Cæsar. Cake – Would'st thou both eat thy CAKES and have it?
G. HERBERT, The Size. Cakes and Ale.—Sir To. Dost thou think, because thou art
virtuous, there shall be no more CAKES AND ALE?
Clo. Yes, by Saint Anne; and ginger shall be hot i' the mouth too.-SHAKESPERE, Twelfth Night. Calamity.-CALAMITY is man's true touchstone.
BEAUMONT AND FLETCHER. Times of general CALAMITY and confusion have ever been productive of the greatest minds. The purest ore is produced from the hottest furnace, and the brightest thunderbolt from the
darkest storm.—COLTON, Lacon. Caledonia.-O CALEDONIA! stern and wild,
Meet nurse for a poetic child !
SCOTT, Last Minstrel.
Vnum plus reliqui, Februs tenet octo vicenos,
HOLINSHED's Chronicles, 1577.
Thirty days hath September,
Return from Parnassus.
Calm.-Ne'er saw I, never felt, a CALM so deep!
The river glideth at his own sweet will;
Calm as to suit a calmer grief.-TENNYSON, I Memoriam. Calumny.--Be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, thou shalt not
escape CALUMNY.-SHAKESPERE, Hamlet. - CALUMNY will sear virtue itself.
Ibid., A Winter's Tale. Candour.–CANDOUR is the brightest gem of criticism.-DISRAELI, Capulets. I would rather sleep in the southern corner of a little
country churchyard than in the tomb of the CAPULETS.—EDMUND
SHAKESPERE, Romeo and Juliet.
TENNYSON, Enoch Arden.
SHAKESPERE, Twelfth Night. Cares. And the night shall be filled with music,
And the CAREs that infest the day
LONGFELLOW, The Day is Done. Castles.-CASTLES in the air cost a vast deal to keep up.-LYTTON. Catching a Tartar.–Encountering an opponent of unexpected strength.
In a battle, an Irishman (according to Captain Grose) called out to his officer, “I have caught a Tartar.” “Bring him here, then," was the reply. “He won't let me," rejoined Pat. And as the
Turk carried off his captor, the saying passed into a proverb. Censure.–CENSURE is the tax a man pays to the public for being
eminent.--SWIFT, - The villain's CENSURE is extorted praise.--POPE. Cerberus.—You are not like CERBERUS, three gentlemen at oncen
are you ? (Mrs. Malaprop.)-SHERIDAN, The Rivals.
Chance.—And grasps the skirts of happy CHANCE,
TENNYSON, In Memoriam.
Joy is sorrow's brother;
Ah! welaway !-Ibid., Poems, 1830.
I think's sufficient at one time.-BUTLER, Hudibras.
are only developed.-DISRAELI.
Were the last words of Marmion. —Scott, Marmion.
CHARITY shall cover the multitude of sins.—1 Peter, iv. 8.
Still gentler, sister woman;
To step aside is human.—BURNS, Address to the Unco' Guid.
GOLDSMITH, Deserted Village.
That, when a soul is found sincerely so,
'Tis CHASTITY, my brother, chastity :
She that has that is clad in complete steel.-Ibid.
WORDSWORTH, Resolution and Independence
Chaucer—Dan CHAUCER, well of English undefyled,
SPENSER, Faerie Queeno. Cheated.-Doubtless the pleasure is as great
Of being CHEATED, as to cheat.-BUTLER, Hudibras.
Full and fair ones.--come and buy;
Where roses and white lilies grow;
Wherein all pleasant fruits do grow :
RICHARD ALLISON, 1606.
To keep watch for the life of poor Jack.-C. DIBDIN. Chickens.—To swallow gudgeons ere they're catched, And count their CHICKENS ere they're hatohed.
That lightly draws its breath,
Behold the CHILD, by nature's kindly law,
POPE, Essay on Man.
WORDSWORTH, My Heart Leaps Up. Childhood. The CHILDHOOD shows the man
As morning shows the day.--MILTON, Paradise Regained.