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called the kingdom of Israel), after having continued a distinct kingdom during a period of 254 years, under a succession of kings, all of whom P “ did evil" in the sight of the Lord, was carried away captívė, by Shalmaneser king of Assyria, into his own country, whence they never returned ; nor is any thing further known respecting them or their descendants. « The
Lord was very angry with Israel, and removed · them out of His sight, there was none left but
the tribe of Judah only?." “ So Israel was carried away out of their own land to Assyria, to this days."
Judah continued a distinct kingdom (from the time of its separation from the ten other tribes which constituted the kingdom of Israel) until 115 years after the destruction of this latter kingdom, when it became subject to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. And, in a few years afterward, Nebuchadnezzar again besieged Jerusalem, and carried out the inhabitants and the treasures, leaving only “ the poorest sort of the people of the land u.” And, in nine years afterward, he again besieged the city and took it, and be put out the eyes of
Zedekiah the king, and carried him away captivew. “And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house, and of the princes; all these he brought to Babylon. And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof. And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon, where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persiax." “ So Judah was carried away out of their land y."
The kings of Judah had (with a few splendid exceptions 2) “ done evil” in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord had said, “ I will remove Judah also out of my sight as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem, which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there b.”
Still, while the kingdom of Judah continued, the ordinances of the Mosaic law were observed
in the temple, and prophets * were inspired to declare the will of God and His threatenings of punishment, and to work iniracles. And, idolatrous as the people of the kingdom of Israel
• Of these prophets, one of the most illustrious was Elijah. He was fed for some time by ravens which brought him bread and Alesh', symbols of that bread and flesh? which came from heaven, that man might eat thereof and not die. He miraculously increased the widow's oil and meal at Zarephath, so that “ the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the Lord which He spake by Elijah; for he had said, The barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day that the Lord sendeth rain upon the earth 3.” This miracle may have denoted that the bread of life+ and the oil of the Spirits, would continue to support man until the day when God would more plainly develope His scheme of salvation by the manifestation of Himseif in the flesh, when the rain6 of the Holy Spirit would be more conspicuously poured upon mankind. Elijah raised the son of this widow from the dead?; he twice brought down fire from heaven 8; and he fasted forty days and forty nights 9, as Moses had done before him, and as Christ afterward did. Elijah divided the waters of Jordan by his mantle, which mantle was the symbol of the power of the Spirit with which he was invested; and, when he was caught up into heaven to (thereby being made a type of Christ's ascension), his mantle, which fell from him, was taken by Elisha", i 1 Kings, xvii. 6. . ii. 23. Acts, xiv. 17. John, vi. 51.
7 1 Kings, xvii. 22. .. 3 1 Kings, xvii. 12–16. 8 1 Kings, xviii. 36–38. John, vi. 48.
2 Kings, i. 12. s 1 John, ii. 20, 27. Psalm 9 1 Kings, xix. 8. xlv. 7. Isaiah, lxi. 3. 10 2 Kings, ii. 11.
6 Psalm lxxii. 6. Jere. iii. " 2 Kings, ii. 13. 3. Hosea, vi. 3; 4. 12. Joel,
were, the Lord said to Elijah, “ I have left me seven thousand in Israel, which have not bowed the knee to Baal .."
upon whom it had been previously laid by Elijah", in compliance with the direction of God, who had said, “ Elishashalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room 13.” By means of this mantle, Elisha also divided the waters of Jordan 14. And; Elisha healed the noxious waters 's; in token of Christ, whose healing and living waters, which give life whithersoever they go, heal all the waters of the spiritual sea 16. Elisha also multiplied the widow's oil 17; a figure, perhaps, that God giveth not the oil of His Spirit by measure unto His chosen. He miraculously deprived the poisonous substance in the broth of the sons of the prophets of Gilgal, of its deleterious effects, by sprinkling meal into it 18; thereby affording a figure of the bread of life which hath disarmed death of its sting. And he raised from death, the son of the woman of Shunem 19. He also miraculously increased the barley loaves which were brought unto him, feeding therewith the people 20; and he cleansed Naaman of his leprosy, by bidding him wash in the waters of Jordan, whereby a figure was afforded of the cleansing of man by the waters of regeneration. And when Elisha was dead and buried, the people cast a dead man, whom they were about to bury, “ into the sepulchre of Elisha, and when the man was let down, and touched the bones of Elisha, he revived, and stood upon his feet 21 ; thus a figure was afforded not only of the resurrection of Christ, but of the resurrection of man through His death.
12 1 Kings, xix. 19. 14. Rev. xxi. 6; xxii. 1. '
18 2 Kings, iv. 41.
16 Ezek. xlvii. 1-9. Zech. 20 2 Kings, iv. 42—44. xiii. 1; xiv. 8. John, iv. 10, 21 2 Kings, xiii. 21.
ANALYTICAL VIEW In fifty-two years after the last spoiling of Jerusalem, Cyrus king of Persia (who had been announced, by named, two hundred years before bis birth) made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, saying, “ The Lord God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and He hath charged me to build him an house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all His people ? His God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of the Lord God of Israel (He is the God), which is in Jerusalem.” “ Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests and Levites, with all them whose spirit GOD had raised up to build the house of the Lord which is in Jerusalem f." And Cyrus restored all the vessels of the house of the Lord which Nebuchadnezzar had brought forth out of Jerusalem, and had put them in the house of his gods 8.”
Thus the tribes of Judah and Benjamin were released from captivityh (together with the Levites, and those belonging to the other tribes, who formed a part of the people of the kingdom of Judah), and were restored to their
e Ezra, i. 1-3.
' Ezra, i. 5.
Ezra, i. & i. Nehem. vii.