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PETITIONS. The Committee of the Protestant Association have adopted the two following petitions, forms of which may be had at the Office.
PETITION FOR THE REPEAL OF THE MAYNOOTH ENDOWMENT ACT. To the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom, &c., 86.
· The Petition of HUMBLY SHEWETH
That your Petitioners, recognising the Holy Scriptures as the only unerring standard of faith and practice, and convinced by the testimony of the Word of God, that the doctrines of the Church of Rome, exemplified in its general practice and teaching, are “superstitious and idolatrous,” opposed to the best interests of society, and to the welfare and salvation of immortal souls, must regard all support and countenance of such a system by the State, as a national sin, and calculated 'to bring down the judgments of God upon this professedly Protestant country.
That they cannot but consider the "Act for the permanent Endowment of the Romish College of Maynooth,” which was passed in the session of Parliament for the year 1845, as a participation in the guilt of idolatry, a dereliction from the principles of the British Constitution, and a yiolence done to the conscientious convictions of all true Protestants.
That your Petitioners would respectfully remind your Honourable House, that the Homilies, the Book of Common Prayer, and the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England, severally protest in the strongest language against the Antichristian doctrines and practices of the Church of Rome,--which protest the Bishops and Clergy are, by their ordination vows, bound to uphold.
That of the Thirty-nine Articles, no less than nineteen are expressly directed against those doctrines and practices, and that one of them expressly declares, that the sacrifices of Masses are “blasphemous fables and dangerous deceits,” and that in the Prayer-book it is asserted that the doctrine of Transubstantiation, involves “ Idolatry to be abhorred of all faithful Christians.”
And lastly, they would further remind your Honourable House of the solemn obligation entered into, not only by some of the present and late members of the Queen's Government, but by the Sovereign herself; in the Declaration against Transubstantiation, of which the following is a copy :
30 Chas. II., st. 2. "1, A. B., do solemonly and sincerely, in the presence of God, profess, testify, and declare that I do believe that in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper there is not any transubstantiation of the elements of bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ at or after the consecration thereof by any person whatsoever ; And that the invocation or adoration of the Virgin Mary or any other saint, and the sacrifice of the Mass, as they are now used in the Church of Rome, are superstitious and idolatrous. And I do solemnly, in the presence of God, profess, testify, and declare, that I do make this declaration, and every part thereof, in the plain and ordinary sense of the words read unto me, as they are commonly understood by Euglish Protestants, without any evasion, equivocation, or mental reservation whatsoever, and without any dispensation already granted me for this purpose by the Pope, or any other
authority, or person whatsoever, or without any hope of any such dispensation froin any person or authority whatsoever, or without thinking that I am or can be acquitted before God or man, or absolved of this declaration or any part thereof, although the Pope or any other person or persons, or power whatsoever, should dispense with or annul the same, or declare that it was null or void from the beginning."
That your Petitioners, deeply pained by the present state of Ireland, feel that the present distress there, may be regarded as a national punishment for the national guilt of supporting Popery.
That your Petitioners, therefore, on every ground of principle, policy, and consistency, humbly implore your Honourable House to repeal the Act for the permanent Endowment of Maynooth College, and to withdraw every kind of national support and encouragement, which has been heretofore given to the Church of Rome,
And your Petitioners, &c. ** In Petitions to the House of Lords, the words “ the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal ” must be substituted for “the Honourable the House of Commons,” and “ your Right Honourable House” for “your Honourable House."
PETITION AGAINST FURTHER CONCESSIONS TO POPERY, To the Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in Parliament assembled.
The humble Petition of SHEWETH
That your Petitioners have heard, with deep regret and alarm, of a Bill now before your Honourable House, having for its object to repeal, amongst others, certain provisions which were enacted by their ancestors, not for the purpose of religious persecution, but to protect the Crown, the judicature, and the people of this country from the influence and dominion of the Court, or Church of Rome.
Your Petitioners would venture to remind your Honourable House of the distractions and divisions which were created in this country in former times, by the political principles and treasonable practices of the Papacy, and that in the present day, the spiritual power of the Court, or Church of Rome, unaltered in its tenets and principles, is exercised for temporal objects, and has been arrayed in more than one instance, against the power of the State.
Your Petitioners would further desire to draw attention to the fact, that various laws against the interference of the Church or Court of Rome, were enacted at a time when the Sovereign, the Church, and the people of this country were Roman Catholic, and that some such laws are still more requisite to protect the Institutions of a Protestant country. : Your Petitioners earnestly entreat your Honourable House, that
Rome other die
before any alterations are made affecting the Oath of Supremacy, and other protective provisions, especially those of an Act, passed in the 10th of George IV., entitled, “ An Act for the Relief of His Majesty's Roman Catholic Subjects,”—prohibiting public Romish processions—the assumption, by Roman Catholics, of the titles, of Protestant Archbishops, Bishops, and other dignitaries - the appearance of Romish ecclesiastics in public processions—in the dress of their order—and the institution of Jesuit and other monastic orders bound by religious vows— Your Honourable House will be pleased to appoint a Committee of Inquiry, directed to ascertain what are the real principles, tenets, and doctrines of the Church of Rome, and how far they are compatible with the principles of the British Constitution, and the peace, safety, and prosperity of this great empire.
And your Petitioners will ever pray, &c. ** In Petitions to the House of Lords, the words “ the Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal" must be substituted for “the Honourable the House of Commons,” and “your Right Honourable House" for your Honourable House.”
CONVERSIONS FROM POPERY. which I was once a steadfast member.
I am induced to address you, not only TRANSUBSTANTIATION ---IDOLATRY_THE ONE MEDIATOR-THE CONFESSIONAL
that I may repel misrepresentation, Whilst some are intent upon fetter
but also manifest a regard for the ing the chains of Popery upon Ire
salvation of your immortal souls. I land, many Roman Catholics, both
well know that some of you are in lay and clerical, are renouncing the
your hearts disgusted with a system errors of the great apostasy, and be
which makes you the veriest slaves coming obedient to the faith.—(Acts
on earth, and that you would follow vi. 7.)
the glorious path which I have chosen The following letter is addressed
for myself, were you not prevented by one of the converts received into
by a fear of persecution; for Popery the ancient Church of Ireland, in
and persecution are synonymous St. Audeon's Church, Dublin, on the
terms. Alas, my friends, the glorious 3d of January, 1847 :
tidings of salvation, which are to be
found only in the Book of Life, have “ To the Roman Catholics of Kanturk, not penetrated your souls, and until County of Cork."
you study that divine book, which “My Dear Friends, You are no your priests so studiously withhold doubt aware of the step which I from you, I fear you will not have thought it my duty to take in leaving the moral courage to fly from the my native place, and of my intentions unholy Church of Rome. I was once to renounce for ever the abominations as blind as any of you, and, indeed, of the Church of Rome-a dreadful more bigotted and infuriate than any. act, no doubt, in your eyes, and per- member of my family. My blind haps a cause of sorrow to some of zeal carried me so far, that I detested you. While I was among you, a the very name of Protestant; but, feeling of kindness and affection, al- thanks be to him whose heavenly ways existed between us, that I now doctrine I now maintain, the cloud of wish to renew; and as an earnest of darkness has vanished, and I am able my sincerity, I submit to your consi- to see salvation through my Redeemer deration the reasons which actuated only. I hope you will digest and read, me in withdrawing from a Church, of with attention the following stubborn
reasons which led to my separation substantially the body and blood of from the Church of Rome. I know our Lord. you are all able to appreciate what- “I mean to show you, from our ever is given from an honest heart, Lord's own words, that the wine unand that there are noble faculties derwent no change ; for, at the Last within you, albeit they sleep in 'du- Supper, when he gave it to his discirance vile. Therefore I do not ples, he said, I will not drink hencedespair. I hope I will have the plea- forth of this fruit of the vine, until sure of seeing you all casting away that day when I drink it anew with the trammels of Popery, for then, and you in my Father's kingdom.' (Matt. not till then, will you indeed be free- xxvi. 29.) In like manner about the men.
bread, St. Paul calls it three times by “In the first place, I deny that a that name, after it was received by Romish priest has the power to change the people. For as often as ye eat bread and wine into the body and this bread, and drink this cup, ye do blood of Jesus Christ in the sacrifice show forth the Lord's death till · he of the mass. My friends, the Sacra- come. Wherefore, whosoever shall ment of the Lord's Supper was or- eat this bread, and drink this cup of dained for a continual remembrance, the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty and not for a continual repetition of of the body and blood of the Lord. the sacrifice of the death of Christ; But let a man examine himself, and and in proof of this we read, •For so let him eat of that bread, and as often as ye eat this bread, and drink of that cup.' (1 Cor. xi. 26, 27, drink this cup, ye do show forth the 28.) Thus we have the words of Lord's death till he come. (1 Cor. xi. Christ and his apostle to counteract 26.) Now, according to the Creed of the absurd pretensions of Popish Pope Pius IV., there is offered unto priests. Truly, that saying of the God a true, proper propitiation for prophet Jeremiah is applicable to the sins of the living and the dead; them: Ye have perverted the words but what does St. Paul say in his of the living God.' (Jer. xxiii. 36.) Epistle to the Hebrews (chap. x. 11), I have often, while present at the ce--that any sacrifice which needed to be lebration of mass, burned in my heart offered continually, could never take within, when called upon to bend my away sins. He also says that · Christ head in suppliant adoration to a piece was once offered to bear the sins of of bread. many' (Heb. X. 28); and, by one “I now come to image worship. offering he hath perfected for ever The second commandment forbids the them that are sanctified.' (Heb. ix. making, much more the homage and 14.) In the first Epistle of Peter, adoration paid to images. • Thou iii. 18, we read that Christ hath once shalt not make unto thee any graven suffered for sins, the just for the un image.' (Exod. xx. 4.) I well know just, that he might bring us to God;' that ignorant Romanists pay more and oh! what an insult it must be to respect to the crucifix than they do him when your priests deny that the to the Lord himself; while at their one suffering of Christ is sufficient, devotions they will hold it in their and endeavour to immolate him every hands, and direct all their thoughts day on their altars. Now, without to it alone. Is not that idolatry? shedding of blood there is no remis- Oh, my friends, read the doom that is sion (Heb. ix. 22), and it is clear to in store for you: Idolaters shall all that in the mass there is no shed- have their part in the lake which ding of blood, consequently it cannot burneth with fire and brimstone, procure the remission of our sin. I which is the second death.' (Rev. deny the applicability of the word xxi. 8.) St. Paul, in his First “sacrifice'prefixed to the mass, except Epistle to the Corinthians, says, “My for one reason—that the priest sacri- dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.' fices his senses and understanding to (x. 14.) Little children, keep yourMammon, if at the mass he believes selves from idols.” (1 John v. 21.) that a bit of paste and a goblet of Confounded be all they that serve wine, or other mixture, are really and graven images.' (Psalm xcvii. 7.)
Ought not these few arguments in the questions proposed to married duce you to abandon a Church which women, I feel confident you would allows such glaring absurdities? Is not allow your wives to be tainted it not worse than Paganism, when with the noxious exhalations which it teaches its deluded votaries to offer emanate from the confession-box. In prayers and supplications to inanimate the whole of the Bible there is not things ?-
one text of Scripture which tells us to “Our God hath formed the earth, the
confess our sins to a priest; and as heavens he spread,
proof of this, read the following: But Papists bow to gods me
When Achan sinned, Joshua said to have made ;
him, “My son, give, I pray thee, The kneeling crowd with looks de
glory to the Lord God of Israel, and vout behold Their silver saviours, and their saints
make confession unto him. (Josh. of gold.
vii. 19.) I prayed unto the Lord
my God, and made my confession.' “ As to the intercession of the (Dan. ix. 4.) And when the Jews Virgin Mary, I shall offer a few ob sinned, Ezra told them, • Make conservations, and before I proceed to do fession unto the Lord God of your 80, I shall mention one fact. Roman- fathers.' (Ezra x. 10, 11.) To our ists adduce the following argument Heavenly Father we must confess our in favour of their reliance on the sins, and not to frail and wicked Virgin. They say that if any person mortals, for who can forgive sins wishes to get a favour from some high but God only?' (Mark ii. 7.) personage, he will naturally go to
“Pardon belongs to God alone; some near friend of his, or hers, to
If we to him our sins confess, intercede; thus you place your Sa- He'll send forgiving mercy down, viour and a miserable worm in the And cleanse us from unrighteoussame light—the being who knows the
ness. secrets of your hearts with a person “I next proceed to impugn the who knows not his own. These are doctrine of purgatory, which fills the the words of St. Paul, “There is one pockets of your priests, who adopt Mediator.' (1 Tim. ii. 5.) Ponder on the motto, 'No money-no paterthat. If any man sin, we have an noster;' and who take upon themadvocate with the Father, Jesus selves the onerous duty of leading Christ the righteous, and he is the souls to heaven for silver. The rich propitiation for our sins. (1 John i. man, who is well able to pay them, 1, 2.) Neither is there salvation in can purchase an entrance ticket for any other, for there is none other heaven; but the poor must be conname under heaven given among tent with an inglorious escape. The men whereby we must be saved. doctrine of purgatory is at variance (Acts iv. 12.) • And it shall come to with the written word of God, for we pass, that whosoever shall call on the there read,— The blood of Jesus name of the Lord shall be saved.' Christ cleanseth us from all sin.' (Acts ii. 21.) 'I am the way, the (1 John i. 7.) Verily, verily, I say truth, and the life; no man cometh unto you, He that heareth my word, unto the Father but by me.' (John and believeth on him that sent me, xiv. 6.) These are plain truths which hath everlasting life, and shall not your blind leaders cannot refute come into condemnation.' (John v. • Every one that doeth evil hateth the 24.) There is therefore now no light, neither cometh to the light, condemnation to them which are in lest his deeds should be reproved. Christ Jesus.' (Rom. viii. 1.) · He (John iii. 20.)
that believeth in the Son of God hath “ The next thing which I now everlasting life.' (John iii. 36.) To direct your attention to is the con- die is gain.' (Philip. i. 21.) You fessional; and oh! how my mind perceive, therefore, that the doctrine shudders at the impious and hellish is a mere fable, invented by cunning interrogatories which your priests men for the sake of extracting your propound to their infatuated" peni- money. tents. Were you acquainted with "I hope these few plain, but un