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are complete in him.” (Col. ii. 10.) The same union with Christ which gives us remission of sins, because he bore our punishment, gives us justification or righteousness (and therefore eternal life) before God, because he fulfilled all righteousness in our stead. Our claims to each rest on the same ground. We have both or neither. If we are crucified with Christ, we live with him. (Gal. ii. 21.) If, therefore, when in Christ we have pardon, righteousness, and strength, how can we be thus united to him? By the work of regeneration or new creation.
Except a man be born again he cannot see the kingdom of God,” and “Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit he cannot enter the kingdom of God." (John iii. 3, 5.) “They that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you.” (Rom. viii. 5, 6, 9, 15, 17.) “As many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of man, nor of the will of the flesh, but of God.” (John i. 12, 13; Eph. ii. 16; 2 Cor. v. 15, 17; Gal. iv. 6, vi. 14, 15; Col. i. 13; John v. 21; 1 Pet. i. 4.) Whereby we are re-born children of God. The will, the understanding, the heart, and the conscience, are all renewed, changed, sanctified. “For God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ.” (Eph. ii. 5.) -put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.” (Acts xv. 9.) “ According to his mercy he saved us by the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Ghost.” (Titus iii. 5.) “When he the Spirit of truth is come, he will guide you into all truth. He shall glorify me, for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you.” (John xvi. 13, 14.) 6. This is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord : I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts.” (Heb. viii. 10.) “A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you, and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.” (Ezek. xxxvi. 26 ; also John vii. 44; 1 Cor. vi. 20; Eph. i. 17, 18, iii. 19.)
The soul sees her own sinfulness and God's holiness-believes in Christ~trusts to Him alone from a view of the all-sufficiency of the salvation he has wrought, and of the worthlessness and sin of all her own works. This trust is faith, which being the operation of the Holy Spirit, is clearly the gift of God. “ This is the work of God that ye believe on him whom He hath sent.” (John vi. 29.) Repentance, which is sorrow for sin and detestation of it, arising from love to God, is also the work of the Holy Spirit.
It is not, therefore, a performance of our own which we must offer to God, but a work of His Spirit which we must seek from Him. True faith is a part of regeneration. It is such a belief as makes us act as if we believed. We trust fully and solely in Christ as having completely saved us, and we give up our lives to Him who gave His for us. All we have to do is, to appropriate his work of redemp
tion to ourselves to believe, and therefore faith alone is said to save us. “Now to him that worketh is the reward, not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth in him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth not sin,” &c. (Rom. iv. 4–8.) “We conclude that man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law,” (and previous verses. Romans iï. 28, and xi. 6,) but not by a bare faith or belief of the intellect such as devils have. (James ii. 19.) If a friend tells us that he has paid a heavy debt in our stead, if we believe him, we are at ease ; if we do not fully trust his words, we continue scraping up shillings and pence, instead of availing ourselves of his kindness by drawing upon his bankers, although quite aware that we shall never be able to make up the full sum, but in the vague hope that part payment will be accepted for the whole. We thus distrust our friend, and do him dishonour. So we do to Christ when we endeavour to add our own imperfect works as means of making us acceptable in God's sight instead of the perfect work of redemption.
It is clear, therefore, that our great duty is to seek the gift of the Holy Spirit which God hath promised to all them that ask him. He who cannot lie hath said, “ Ask, and ye shall have ;. seek, and ye shall find ; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.” (Matt. vii. 7.) “If ye being evil know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him.” (Luke xi. 13.) Ask him to teach you, (John xiv. 26,) to guide you into all truth, (John xvi. 13,- to give you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him. (Eph. i. 17, 18.) Ask him to enlighten you, to enable you to receive that which is the truth; and then be patient; “Patience worketh experience.” (Rom. v. 4.) “He that believeth shall not make haste.” You are not to expect an immediate answer to your prayer, an instant clearing away of all your difficulties. If you believe these promises of God, you will wait on the Lord. You will not presumptuously fix a time for his answer. You will continue praying, - asking, seeking, depending solely upon Him, not upon man's teaching. Read the Word of God and that alone ; trust to no human commentators; read it--not in a spirit of proud self-dependence, but humbly crying to God for teaching and guidance; and be assured that in his own good time, He will lead you into all truth out of darkness into his marvellous light. « The Lord is good unto them that wait for him, to the soul that seeketh him. It is good that a man should both hope and quietly wait for the salvation of the Lord.” (Lam. iii. 25, 26,)
Remember that in choosing between Protestantism and Popery you are choosing between life and death. One or the other must be a lie. For more than two years, my chief study has been an examination into the doctrines and practices of the Church of Rome as set forth in her acknowledged standards. It is out of no disrespect to you that I state my conviction that you have a very imperfect idea of either. Many Roman Catholics have the same, and will give you a modified view of her worst doctrines. It is my firm conviction that the Church of Rome is the Babylon of the Apocalypse. Bear with me while I give
you my reasons for what will probably appear to you a most uncharitable and bigoted assertion.
It is acknowledged almost universally by the early fathers, the Romanist and Protestant commentators that the little horn, (Daniel vii. 9–11, 20–26,) the Man of Sin, (2 Thess. ii. 3—8, &c.,) the beast, and Babylon of the Apocalypse, (Rev. xvii.,) all relate to the same person or power.
In the seventh of Daniel, there is a clear prophecy of the four great kingdoms of Assyria, Persia, Greece, and Rome. Out of this fourth kingdom, ten kings or kingdoms were to arise, and another shall rise after them, who is to be diverse from the first ten ; he will make war with the saints, and is to be visited with the fiery wrath of God. Two chronological marks are given whereby to date the existence of this power. It is to arise after the ten kings, and is to have power over the saints for a time, times, and the dividing of a time. That is, as it is universally interpreted, for three times (or prophetic years) and a-half, i.e. 1260 years. It is also granted that the vision relates to the Western Empire, and, as the fate of the East is foretold in the following chapter, in which the rise of Mahommedanism is predicted likewise under the figure of a little horn. Now the great red dragon of the Apocalypse has likewise seven heads and ten horns, and persecutes the woman (the Church) for 1260 days. (Rev. xii.) The beast with seven heads and ten horns is composed of the members of the three beasts which preceded it, (Compare Rev. xiii. 2; and Dan. vii. 4-6,) as the Roman Empire included most of the territories of the three former monarchies. This beast spake blasphemies ·and made war with the saints, (Rev. xiii. 4, 5, 7, 8 ; and Daniel vii. 21, 23, &c.,) and was to continue forty-two months or 1260 days. The woman whose name was Mystery, Babylon the Great, sat on a scarlet-coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns ; she was drunken with the blood of the saints and the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. This beast is evidently the same as the one mentioned in the thirteenth chapter ; the seven heads are declared (and the description will apply to none but Rome) to be seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. Rome is called the city of the seven hills. The ten horns are declared to be ten kings which had received no power at the time John wrote. What other power has arisen in the Western Empire after the rise of the ten Gothic kingdoms, which is diverse from other kingdoms, whose seat is at Romewho has made war with God's saints-whose chosen colours are purple and scarlet, and who has been guilty of the most awful blasphemy ? What other power but the Church of Rome ?
The man of sin spoken of 2 Thess. ii. 3, could not be fully revealed until that which letteth or hindered was taken out of the way. The Fathers considered that “that which letteth,” meant the temporal power of the Roman Empire. That was taken out of the way in the seventh century, and all commentators fix the rise of the Papacy about that period. What other Church claims the power of miracles ? It is foretold that the coming of that wicked shall be “with all power and signs and lying wonders.” What other teaches the ancient doctrine of demons ? (as devils should be translated, 1 Tim. iv. 1.) The exact coincidence between which and the Romish doctrine of intercession of saints has been proved by Mede. What other forbids to marry, and commands to abstain from meats ? (1 Tim. iv. 3:)
Consider the fearful condemnation denounced on all who do not come out of Babylon, (Rev. xviii. 4,) and the danger of believing a lie, and thereby subjecting yourself to a strong delusion. (1 Thess. ii. 11.) It is my firm conviction that nothing but a strong delusion proceeding from ignorance can induce any one to enter the Church of Rome. In studying the subjeet, my strongest impression has been that of surprise at finding every one of her claims and assertions so easily overthrown. Those on which she especially rests her claims and builds her authority, as unity, holiness, apostolicity, and catholicity, require nothing but a few simple and undeniable historical facts completely to overset them. With earnest prayer that you may be enabled to draw nigh with boldness to a throne of grace, (Heb. x. 19,) to seek that precious gift of the Holy Spirit which Christ purchased for his people with His own blood until it is vouchsafed to you, not to teach you anything new, but to enable you to understand and receive his own word,
Believe me your sincere friend,
HER MAJESTY'S SPEECH.
It is satisfactory to me to observe OPENING OF PARLIAMENT.
that in many of the most distressed MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN - It districts the patience and resignation is with the deepest concern that, of the people have been most exemupon your again assembling, I have plary. to call your attention to the dearth of The deficiency of the harvest in provisions which prevails in Ireland France and Germany, and other parts and in parts of Scotland.
of Europe, has added to the difficulty In Ireland, especially, the loss of of obtaining adequate supplies of the usual food of the people has been provisions. the cause of severe sufferings, of It will be your duty to consider disease, and of greatly increased mor- what further measures are required tality among the poorer classes. to alleviate the existing distress. I Outrages have become more frequent, recommend to you to take into your chiefly directed against property; and serious consideration, whether by the transit of provisions has been increasing for a limited period, the rendered unsafe in some parts of the facilities for importing corn from country.
foreign countries, and by the ad. With a view to mitigate these evils, mission of sugar more freely into very large numbers of men have been breweries and distilleries, the supply employed, and have received wages, of food may be beneficially augmented. in pursuance of an Act passed in the Í have likewise to direct your earlast session of Parliament. Some nest consideration to the permanent deviations from that Aet, which have condition of Ireland. You will perbeen authorized by the Lord-Lieu- ceive, in the absence of political extenant of Ireland, in order to promote citement, an opportunity for taking more useful employment, will, I trust, a dispassionate survey of the social receive your sanction. Means have evils which afflict that part of the been taken to lessen the pressure of United Kingdom. Various measures want in districts which are most re- will be laid before you, which, if mote from the ordinary sources of adopted by Parliament, may tend to supply. Outrages have been re- raise the great mass of the people in pressed, as far as it was possible, by comfort, to promote agriculture, and the military and police.
to lessen the pressure of that com
petition for the occupation of land that their future condition may be which has been the fruitful source of improved by your deliberative wiscrime and misery.
dom, The marriage of the Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain to the Duke of
ISLINGTON.-ST. PAUL'S, BALL'SMontpensier has given rise to a cor
POND DISTRICT. respondence between my Government, and those of France and Spain. A LECTURE was delivered here by
The extinction of the Free State JAMES LORD, Esquire, on the subject of Cracow has appeared to me to be so of Popery. manifest a violation of the Treaty of The Rev. T. H. WOODROOFE, M.A., Vienna, that I have commanded that presided. a protest against that act should be The Meeting was well attended. delivered to the Courts of Vienna, On the platform, were - Pitman, Petersburgh, and Berlin, which were Esq., - Marshall, Esq., - Dean, parties to it. Copies of these several Esq., and Rev. J. Nalson. papers will be laid before you.
The proceedings having been I entertain confident hopes that opened with prayer, the Rev. Chairthe hostilities in the River Plate, man briefly pointed out the object which have so long interrupted com- had in view in the formation of the merce, may soon be terminated; and Islington Protestant Institute, and my efforts, in conjunction with those the spirit in which this, and similar of the King of the French, will be proceedings should be carried on. earnestly directed to that end.
A considerable interruption here My relations generally with Foreign arose from some persons at the end Powers inspire me with the fullest con- of the room, claiming a right to be fidence in the maintenance of peace. heard either then or before the close GENTLEMEN OF THE HOUSE OF of the Meeting, in favour of the COMMONS,
Church of Rome. The Chairman, I have directed the estimates to however, replied, that the Meeting be prepared with a view to provide was not assembled for the purpose of for the efficiency of the public service, controversial discussion, but to hear with a due regard for economy. a Lecture. MY LORDS AND GENTLEMEN,
Mr. LORD, being then called on to I have ordered every requisite pre- commence the Lecture, observed that paration to be made for putting into with reference to those who were operation the Act of the last session making the interruption, he would of Parliament, for the establishment only remark that individually, he did of local courts for the recovery of not care for it, as he should not be small debts. It is my hope that the driven by it from accomplishing the enforcement of civil rights in all work he had in hand. He was anxparts of the country to which the ious, however, on behalf of those Act relates may, by this measure, be who attended these Lectures, that materially facilitated.
there should be no disturbance. I recommend to your attention He desired at all times to be exmeasures which will be laid before tremely accurate in his assertions, but you for improving the health of towns, did not ask any one there present to an object the importance of which believe any statement' put forward you will not fail to appreciate. by him, merely because he made it.
Deeply sensible of the blessings If so, why did he come prepared which, after a season of calamity, with the pile of documents then behave been so often vouchsafed to this fore him ? Works of authority or nation by a superintending Provi- instruction in the Church of Rome, dence, I confide these important or different Romish Institutions ? matters to your care, in a full con- He would quote from the creed of viction that your discussions will be Pope Pius. Would any Roman Caguided by an impartial spirit; and in tholic present come forward, and the hope that the present sufferings deny his creed? He would cite difof my people may be lightened, and ferent quotations from the Canons of