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the guise of a friend, as her dead corpse was found about a perch behind her house, her head dreadfully wounded and bruised. An inquest was held on Wednesday by the coroner, Mr. Thomas O'Meara, before a respectable jury, when Dr. Quinlan deposed that the wounds inflicted on the head caused death. A verdict of wilful murder was returned against some person or persons unknown.”
Here are two more samples of life (?) in Tipperary. The first is from the “ Tipperary Constitution :"_“It has been going the rounds of the papers that the body of a man named Hickey was found in the Anner pear this town, but there was not the slightest ground for such a report. A man of the name of Coghlan has been missing for the last three weeks ; of course suspicion naturally arose in the minds of those interested about him as to what had become of the man. The police got wind of the matter, and ever vigilant and active as they are, it soon came to their ears what were the real facts. On Monday evening last, about the hour of four o'clock, the body of Coghlan was discovered in a drain near Thorney-bridge, and it presented a most horrifying appearance. The clothes were torn off the body, which was in a state of decomposition. Mr. W. Fosberry, sub-inspector, having got intimation of the discovery, proceeded at once with a party of police to the spot, taking with them a coffin, and when they arrived they were shocked at the revolting sight. There were several fractures on the head-one on the crown, two on the back of the head, and a compound fracture from the crown to the base of the skull. The body was brought into Clonmel, where an inquest was held, before Mr. William Ryan, coroner, assisted by our active and zealous magistrate, Mr. Samuel Riall, and, after a lengthened investigation, a verdict of wilful murder was found against some person or persons unknown. The cause assigned for the perpetration of this dreadful murder is, that Coghlan was to prosecute some persons at the quarter sessions of Clonmel for stealing meal at Bohermore. When Mr. Fosberry and his party were bringing the body to our town, a shot was fired in their front near Powerstown chapel. Two of the police immediately leaped off the car, and pursued the party whence the shot came. They arrested three fellows, one of whom was armed with a gun."
The second is from a North Riding paper :-"On Tuesday last, two armed ruffians, at the hour of noon, went to the Glebe-house of Ballymackey, in the absence of the Rev. Mr. Curry, the present Incumbent, and who has been only a few months in the parish. One of these fellows went into the house, saying he had turf to sell, the other remained outside. The man who entered said he wished to see Mrs. Curry, who, on receiving the message went down to the kitchen, when he took out of his pocket a pistol and presented it at that lady. She then ran up stairs, when he followed, but Mrs. Curry succeeded in shutting the door on the landing place, which he endeavoured to force open, but could not succeed. The man returned to the kitchen, ordered the servant on her knees, when he snapped the pistol twice at her, which missed fire; afterwards he and the sentinel outside went away. Two persons were subsequently arrested by the Ballymackey police, but were discharged, as Mrs. Curry was unable to identify them.”
Turning to another southern county, the “ Limerick Reporter” gives the subjoined account of a most daring act of Whiteboyism gallantly, but unsuccessfully resisted, by a party of gentlemen, one of whom was severely wounded in the encounter :—" NEWCASTLE, Nov. 4.- This morning, between six and seven o'clock, a daring attack by Whiteboys with their faces blackened, was made on the residence of Mr. J. Meade, at Ballyeagna, about four miles from this town, a highly respectable and worthy young gentleman. It seems a party of young gentlemen, consisting of Mr. Nicholas Upton D'Arcy, and Messrs. J. and W. Keane, were known to be enjoying the hospitality of Mr. Meade previous to an intended shooting excursion, and to be the owners of some capital fowling-pieces, which the 'boys' desired to change owners.' Accordingly some half-dozen of them bolted in' as soon as the doors were unbolted' in the morning, daringly determined to gain possession of the fire-arms. The young gentlemen being in bed at the time were totally unprepared for the attack ; however, they made a gallant resistance. Mr. Meade was shot through the thigh as he came out of his bed-room to repel the desperadoes, and was afterwards repeatedly knocked down by blows on the head from the butts of guns as he gallantly struggled with his assailants. The respected gentleman has received several wounds in the head, shoulders, and elsewhere, and several slugs are as yet unextracted. Mr. D'Arcy was then attacked by the fellow who shot Mr. Meade, and a desperate single-handed encounter was the result. The Whiteboy, as he came forward, was snapped at with both barrels of Mr. D'Arcy's piece, which missed fire, fortunately for the Whiteboy, as Mr. D'Arcy is known to be a crack shot. The Whiteboy's return shot lodged in the wall close to Mr. D'Arcy's head, who rushed on his antagonist and succeeded in bringing the ruffian underneath him. The Whiteboy shouted to his comrade for assistance, and Mr. D'Arcy then received a blow on the head, which stunned him, during which time the Sansculottes retired, taking with them three splendid double-barrelled guns and one singlebarrelled one. Mr. Meade is very dangerously wounded, and it is hoped the perpetrators of this outrage will be brought to justice. It was a most daring one, as the Whiteboys must have expected a determined resistance from the young gentlemen, if the latter were aware of their coming. The Messrs. Keane also made a noble and gallant defence to retain their arms; but, being overpowered by numbers, were at last forced to part with them. There were two or three men-servants in the barn, and I have not heard that they took any part in the proceedings, which must be regretted, as their assistance would certainly have defeated the attacking party."
STATE OF ROSCOMMON. Dublin, Nov. 9.—A letter received to day from Strokestown. states, that two men, charged with the murder of Major Mahon, have been arrested, and are now lying in Roscommon gaol for further examination, evidence having been already elicited which affords strong suspicion of both prisoners being implicated in the transaction. The country, it is added, is in a frightful state; no man's life is worth a pin's purchase. Not twelve, but nearly as many more names, have been placed on the doomed list, and, amongst others, that of a lady
Vol. IX.—December, 1817. CC New Series, No. 24.
who lately had the temerity to distrain upon some tenants who would neither pay rents nor give up possession of the land. The towns and villages are filled with strangers-idle-looking ruffians, who lounge about all day, do no work, and yet, by some mysterious means, have no appearance of lacking either food or raiment. The military and police are completely foot sore with the weight of duty imposed upon them.*
To the Editor of the Protestant Magazine. Sir,—I beg leave to subjoin a sketch or outline of petitions to the Legislature or Government on questions of the highest importance in the present critical situation of the British empire :
1st. Petition against Romish Bishoprics in England. “ That your petitioners have heard, with great alarm and concern, that it is in contemplation to establish Romish bishoprics in England, and that too, as there is too much reason to fear, with the concurrence of Her Majesty's responsible advisers.
“ That yonr petitioners feel it to be their duty to protest inost solemnly against such a proceeding, which, by encouraging and setting up again a false and idolatrous religion, from which our fathers had been so mercifully delivered, would bring down the judgments of Almighty God upon the land.
“ That your petitioners feel themselves in duty bound further to protest against such a measure, as being an invasion of the rights of our Sovereign Queen Victoria, who by the law of the land is the supreme temporal head of the Established Church of these realms.
« That your petitioners also consider such establishment of Romish bishoprics to be a daring attack upon the religion and liberties of a free people, an attempt to subvert the Christian principles of our constitution, and a violation of that Article of our Church which maintains that the Bishop of Rome hath no jurisdiction in this realm of England.
“Your petitioners, therefore, earnestly entreat your Honourable House that no such jurisdiction may in any degree or manner whatsoever be suffered to be exercised in England by the Papal power.
“And your petitioners will ever pray," &c., &c., &c.
2d. Petition against Romish Schools in England. “ That since the State has provided a system of education for all classes of Her Majesty's subjects, without exception, based upon the Holy Scriptures, there can be no just plea for departing from
* We might add to this list several murders, and murderous attacks, which have since been perpetrated. We do not say that Popery is the sole and entire cause of all these ; but we do ask, were there no Popery in Ireland, and no dark system of auricular confession, and “priestly absolution,” if the land would so oftentimes be stained with the blood of her peaceful citizens ?-ED. PROT. MAG.
this principle in order to favour and assist the false and idolatrous Church of Rome.
“That your petitioners firmly believe that any grants of public money to Romish schools would be extremely prejudicial to the interests of Christianity, and totally repugnant to the Christian principles of the British Constitution; and, therefore, your petitioners earnestly entreat your Honourable House not to allow or sanction them.
“And your petitioners will ever pray,” &c., &c., &c. - 3d. Petition against Diplomatic Relations with Rome. “ That your petitioners have observed, with deep concern and alarm, a disposition on the part of Her Majesty's Government to open diplomatic relations with the Court and See of Rome.
" They, therefore, beg leave humbly to represent to your Honourable House, that since all communion with that See is expressly prohibited by the law of the land, as enacted at the settlement of our Protestant Constitution, and as your petitioners conceive that any step of this kind would be sinful and impolitic, dangerous to the interests of our holy religion, to the rights of the Crown, and to the peace and safety of the empire;
“ They therefore implore your Honourable House not to sanction or permit any intercourse or communion whatever with the Court and See of Rome.
“And your petitioners will ever pray," &c., &c., &c.
ADMIRAL LORD EXMOUTH ON THE STATE OF IRELAND.
To the Editor of the Protestant Magazine. SIR,—In the “Life of Admiral Viscount Exmouth,” by Edward Osler, Esq., published in 1835, your readers would find (chap. V., p. 130) some most suitable and admirable remarks upon the state of Ireland, and the utter inutility of concession to the Church of Rome. Lord Exmouth was remarkable for a sound penetrating judgment, plain English common sense ; and that common sense enhanced and improved by a very general acquaintance with men and countries of all climes, and of various forms of political government. The opinion, therefore, of such a man, is by no means to be contemned. It was Lord Exmouth's very decided opinion that the Emancipation (so called) of the Roman Catholics, and the admission of any of their number into the British House of Commons, would never satisfy Ireland, or procure quiet and safety in that unhappy country. “ Ascendancy,” this great man said, “is their object. You may postpone, and by loss of character parry the evil for a short space, but not long, depend upon it. You and I may not see it, but our children will, and be obliged to meet the struggle man to man, which we may now shirk. By God alone can we be saved from such consequences ; may he shed his power and grace upon us as a nation !” Was not this quotation almost prophetic, and do we not live to witness its proof and truthfulness? “ Securities” were named, which would accompany the proposed concessions. « Securities !” exclaimed Lord Exmouth, “it is all nonsense ; I never yet could see them, and I never shall.” This was said ere the nineteenth century commenced: its demonstration in 1847 is as clear as the unclouded sun. Our refuge must be in God, and in the power and grace which Lord Exmouth besought for his country and his times, and conjointly with this, we must still protest against concessions to the Romish system. Wishing you much success in your labours,
I remain most truly yours,
A REVIEW OF MARTIN LUTHER'S VIEWS COMPARED WITH
THE ROMANISTS', ON CLOISTER VOWS, CELIBACY, POVERTY · AND OBEDIENCE TO THE RULE OF THEIR ORDER, AND
DISPENSATIONS. ARRANGED BY REV. C. SMYTII, B.A., Oxon., FROM HIS “GERMAN TREATISES,"
(Continued from page 349.) In refutation of the dry and fanatical praises of the claustral life, the Reformer gives a short account of St. Anthony, the Thebaic hermit, and his conference with a poor shoemaker who lived at Alexandria. St. Anthony once upon a time wished to ascertain who was to be his companion in sharing with him a happy eternity. This hermit had conceived excessive satisfaction with himself, in consequence of his life spent in solitude, privation, and prayer. It was intimated to Anthony in a dream, that there lived a poor tradesman destined to be his partner in future bliss, whom he would find at Alexandria ; the saint desired an immediate interview with this individual, and, of course, expected to find him possessed of the most exalted acquirements in the ascetic life. St. Anthony found hiin working at his trade to support his wife and family, and thus accosted him :-“I am sure, my friend, that you lead a most spiritual life; tell me then, I implore you, what you do, and what you eat, what you drink, how and how often you pray, how you spend the whole night, -is it not in vigils and orisons ?” “ No, indeed,” said the mechanic, “but every morning and evening I thank the Almighty for his gracious protection, for all his daily care and tenderness. I implore him to forgive me all my sins for Jesus Christ's sake. After that I beseech him most humbly to govern me with his Holy Spirit, and to deliver me from all temptation. And when I have ended my prayers, I begin to work upon my leather, to earn a maintenance for myself and family. This is all that I do, and I watch against cominitting aught that may wound my conscience.” No sooner had the saintly Anthony heard this account, than his wonder was only equalled by his conviction, that his self-invented austerities and corporeal chastisements were no real service done to God; and that the Christian world should never embrace his past practices. And Luther properly remarks, that this grace to see his errors, and to confess them, and to warn others against their adoption, was not vouchsafed to St. Anthony alone, or for his own happiness and security ; but that it was intended to prove