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is of too pure and holy a character to receive offerings tainted by the breath of superstition! Such worship and such honours might indeed be used to appease the ire and deck the brow of Jupiter-but they can never elicit the smiles of God! Rome Pagan and Rome Papal are united by the strong ties of blood. They are twin sisters ! Nor will Papal Rome deny the connexion, especially as the former comes not under the ban of a “poor relation," however the latter may! For the present Pope, upon ascending the Pontifical chair, found to his great surprise an empty exchequer! Of all misfortunes the want of money is the greatest. And hence the appeal to the Christian world to send their “ pious offerings” to the shrine of Rome! It seems strange that just as we were deprived of one “ big beggar man," up should start another venerable personage in his place! Now instead of the “ rintwe have Peter pence.” I mean, of course, nothing derogatory to the liberal Pope !".. Far be it from my unambitious pen to assail so sacerdotal a character. No! I would not even touch the hem of his garment !

I remember that when first my attention was directed to the study of Roman Antiquities I was forcibly struck with the similitude which exists between the religious rites of ancient and modern Rome. Let me recal to your remembrance a few of the most remarkable coincidences.

Pagan Rome, as Rome Papal, had its Curia, or temples ; its altars ; its Pontifex maximus, or pope; its Luperci, or priests ; its sacrifices; its Victima, and Hostia; its Libatio; its frankincense, wine, and water; its Dies Festi ; its holy water; its Cybele, or religious orders; its vestal virgins, or nuns, who were to vow chastity for thirty years ; and its Sibylline writings, or traditions ! Thus you perceive that Papal Rome is indebted to her elder sister for most of the forms and ceremonies which she now possesses ! These things ought not to be.

I know there is much in the Roman Catholic religion to captivate and attract, especially for imaginative minds and musical ears. Hence these are the class of character who most frequently fall victims to its powerful infatuation. There is, believe me, Madam, great danger in attending too frequently such places of worship. For when once the fancy is attracted and feasted, the heart will soon follow the fancy. An instance just occurs to memory. Some time ago I was introduced to a lady of considerable attainments, and who possessed a very vivid imagination. She was the daughter of a Protestant naval officer, the widow of a deceased Protestant gentleman, and was from her infancy brought up within the bosom of the Protestant Church. A few years previous to my acquaintance this lady's mind became so powerfully wrought upon by Romish ceremonies, that unpremeditatedly she sought and obtained an interview with a Popish priest, and signified her desire to enter the pale of the Catholic " Church 1 She was received, after due trial-made her confession and became apparently a most devoted Papist. When first I had the pleasure of seeing her she was dangling her silver beads. However, I am happy to say, I became, through the Divine blessing, the honoured instrument of her conversion ; and this led ultimately to that of her children (one of whom was in a convent at the time), and a domestic. Now the beads are set aside, and the Bible resumes their place. After her conversion she declared to me that she never was attracted by the doctrines of the Romish Church (for she could never believe in Transubstantiation), but by its gorgeous and unmeaning ceremonies. « O, my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united.” (Gen. xlix. 6.)

I do not quote this circumstance, Madam, as a warning to you. I have too much confidence in your good sense and judginent, and in the sincerity of your profession, to imagine that you could be:“ carried away” by such subtlety as is practised by those who mean to deceive. God forbid that you should ever experience that “ strong delusion" which would cause you to “believe a lie," or make you prostrate your reason before an idol shrine !

Blessed be God I that our country has been freed from the thraldom of Rome; that we have been enabled to see “great light,” and to rejoice therein ; that we now experience that liberty to which our forefathers were strangers; and that we are delivered from the heavy yoke of Papal bondage under which they so long groaned. Liberty, all hail to thee! May truth and liberty go hand in hand until they shall, sway the world I

God of our fathers ! to thee we would raise
The incense of prayer and the tribute of praise ;
Thou who hast fashioned the earth and the sea,
Creator eternal, and shield of the free,
Oh! open the gates of thy mansion above,
And shadow our homes with the wing of thy love.
I have the honour to remain, Madam,
Very sincerely yours,

S. P. D. (To be continued.)

DIVIDED ALLEGIANCE OF PAPISTS.

To the Editor of the Protestant Magazine, SIR,Upon looking into a volume of the “Protestant Journal," I lately met with the following remarks from the pen of the Rev. Williani Digby, of Killashee, Ireland, on the divided allegiance of Romanists,

If you can find room for these remarks in the “ Protestant Magazine,” by appending them to the paper I have already communicated, they may tend to establish the fact which it appears to me of so much importance to, insist on, namely, that Romanists are not fellowsubjects. By so doing, we cast the ground from under those who contend for the civil rights and privileges of Romanists, upon the plea that they are fellow-subjects. I am, Sir, your obedient, faithful servant,

AMICUS PROTESTANS. “.... It is perfectly evident that the worship, after the precise object of which we have been inquiring, and which I trust the candid reader will feel satisfied that we have found, in that image of secular

grandeur and secular tyranny, and.crooked court-policy, which is to be seen in the court of his Holiness,' as one of the crowned heads and sovereign princes of Europe-(as every almanac bears witness —it is evident, I say, that this worship, or obedience, however it be glossed over with the name of ecclesiastical worship,' or 'obedience only in things spiritual,' is, in reality, altogether of a civil and temporal character; it is, in fact, civil allegiance to, a Lord paramount upon earth, who is an ecclesiastic,, and to us, British and Protestants, a foreigner and an enemy. And, as such allegiance or worship as this, which every Roman Catholic, wbo, subscribes to the creed of Pope Pius the Fourth, promiscs, and if he be an ecclesiastic or a regular swears, to render to the visible head of their Society, is plainly income patible with their duty to Him who has said, Call no man your father upon earth; for one is your father even God;' and Call no man your master upon earth, for one is your Master, even Christ;' so it has been, and will be found to the end of the chapter, and of the times of the Gentiles' (Luke xxi.), to be equally incompatible with the duty which loyal subjects owe to the Government under which they are placed; and that, even when the religion of the State happens to remain Catholic;', and how much more where, as, among us, it has been, or is, Protestant ?

And so perfectly, after the working of Satan,' (2 Thess, ii. 9,) is this system of corruption of the best things, that it makes of the most conscientious and high-minded individuals the most fiend-like and the most dangerous; who, being slaves in conscience-slaves in the centre of their being, and therefore universal slaves, must, whenever the Church' requires it at their hands, disappoint the confidence that their country foolishly places in them, as well as that of their private friends, and those of their own household, like a broken tooth, or a foot out of joint. For divided allegiance is, after all, an anomaly ; and it is therefore not doing Romanists in heart justice to object it to them. No; for, "no man can serve two masters; he will either love the one and, hate the other, or hold to the latter and despise the former.' Ye cannot serve Christ, who requires you to render unto Cæsar the things that are Cæsar's, and unto God the things that are God's, and Antichrist—who requires you to render all unto himself. A man must, therefore, be one thing or the other-in religion, either of Christ or Belial—a worshipper of God, or a worshipper of idols, (which are many,) and in politics, either undividedly and purely loyal, or undividedly and purely traitorous-either holding a single domestic and constitutional, or a single foreign and unconstitutional supremacy ; for a divided supremacy is as perfect an absurdity, both in theory and in practice aş is a divided allegiance. My officers were not excommunication proof;' was the reply of Preston, the General of the rebel forces in Ireland, in the reign of the misguided Charles the First, to the Duke of Ormond, when taxed by that faithful servant of a master, who was not worthy of him, with his perfidy in violating a solemn treaty."-See a paper in the Protestant Journal for May, 1831, on the Worship of the Image of the Beast, by the Rev. William Digby.

POINTS OF PRESENT INTEREST.

To the Editor of the Protestant Magazine. Sir,-It strikes me that there are three points of present interest requiring discussion, and properly belonging to your journal.

1. The assertion so often and so boldly made, that the Irish Pro. testant Church is enjoying, as in England, the endowments be. longing to Popery.

2. The plea in many mouths for endowing Popery in schools and priests-founded on their paying taxes to be met, as I imagine, in two ways. First, that the same plea would serve the propagators of any system even to Owen or Taylor; and, secondly, that the popula. tion of Ireland is not to be computed separate from England and Scotland. It is the United Church of Great Britain and Ireland therefore the whole population should be thrown en masse and then no argument could be raised in favour of Popery from the majority being of that persuasion.

3. The speech of Lord Arundel, not only copied but commented upon so as to answer the false comments made upon it by those who wish to counteract its tendency. Mr. J. Abel Smith said here--as the papers give it :

“Mr. S. denied that Lord A. had ever used language in Parliament implying, directly or indirectly, that persecution on account of reb ligious belief was not contrary to the principles of the Christian religion, and utterly at variance with all principles of Christian charity."

Would not a short paper of the history of Ireland, before Henry the Second, or two or three successive papers, be useful to undeceive the people as to the religion having been originally Popery? Fox's book would supply it.

There is a morbid sensitiveness abroad, as to injuring Papists, by withholding assistance on account of their religion, which wants boldly meeting ; and I think it is highly important to press the duty of a nation to inculcate only truth at national cost. The Queen's oath and our Church Articles having declared sufficiently that Popery is full of the worst of error.

I am almost fearful of troubling you with these lines, in the midst of your engagements. I am now contending against the abominations of Popery, which have nearly bewitched a respectable woman; and her parochial clergyman, being a high Tractarian, had rather driven her on than held her back. She has declared that my information has opened her eyes, and that she has declined the overtures of a lady who lately perverted at this place.

It is said that a Popish chapel will soon be opened here. It is surprising that we have not had one before; and when the priests come among us, we shall see what other priests will give them welcome.'

Might not the article respecting the popular fallacy be useful as a tract ?

I am, dear Sir, yours faithfully,"

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; GUNPOWDER TREASON.

[See Advertisement.] The Committee of the Protestant Association feel it to be their imperative duty, especially at this momentous period, to maintain their protest against the Antichristian and destructive principles and practices of the Church of Rome, by submitting to their friends and the public a third edition of this bold and faithful Sermon (first published by request of the congregation of Harold's Cross Church). This sermon proves, from her own authorized documents, that she has undergone no change in her unmitigated: hostility to Protestants, who are all, of every denomination, and without exception, declared to be excommunicated and accursed heretics by the Bulla Cænæ Domini, as set forth in “ The Laws of the Papacy set up by the Romish Bishops in Ireland to subvert the Authority of their Lawful Sovereign, in 1832," (Seeleys) and the “Letter Dedicatory to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty ;” published by the Protestant Association.

There seems to be a 'prevailing 'opinion that the present Pope Pius IX. is a reformer, a most liberal man, from whom much good may be expected.

The Committee would, however, entreat their Protestant brethren not to suffer themselves to be so misled, but to investigate his Encyclical Letter of November last, (published by the Reformation Society with valuable Notes,) in which the same bitter spirit of hostility against the free use of the Holy Scriptures that characterized his predecessors will be found ; and against those, as he observes

“ Who, abusing the privilege of reason .... . dare rashly to explain and interpret them according to their private judgment, when God himself has constituted a living authority, to teach the true sense of his heavenly revelations, and to judge infallibly in all controversies on matters of faith and morals, :::.. which living and infallible authority exists only in that Church," namely, the Church of Rome.

He then proceeds to anathematize and condemn “Those most crafty Bible Societies, which, renewing an old device of the Heretics, do not cease to put forth an immense number of copies of the books of the Sacred Scriptures, printed in various vulgar tongues.”

And at the close of his letter, he idolatrously appeals to the Virgin Mary thus

“Let us ever have recourse to the intercession of the most Holy Mother of God, the Immaculate Virgin Mary, our sweetest mother, our mediatrix, our advocate, our surest hope, and firmest reliance.”

Such was the language of Pope Pius IX. on the 9th of November, 1846. Whatever reforms he may make in his dominions as a temporal potentate, his tyrannizing and Antichristian duties as Pope must necessarily remain unchanged, so long as he abides by the Council of Trent and the Creed of Pope Pius IV., which bind him to scourge and enslave all who are unhappily under the domination of the Papal Apostacy,

And, if God in his gracious mercy does not speedily awaken the Protestants of this nation from their deplorable apathy and faithless

Vol. IX.—November, 1847. AA New Series, No. 23.

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