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iv. 1. See also 1 Pet. ii. 1—3; 2 Tim. i. 3, &c.
E. What is the doctrine of the Church of England on this point?
T. It says, in the 6th Article, "Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation: so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be regarded of any, that it should be believed as an article of the faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation. In the name of the Holy Scripture we do understand those canonical books of the Old and New Testament, of whose authority was never any doubt in the Church."
E. What does the Scripture itself say?
T. "These are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name." ,—-John xx. 31. See also Luke i. 1—4; 2 Tim. iv. 2-^1; Gal. i. 7—9; Rom. xvi. 25, 26; Jude 2, 3, 17, 20, 21.
E. What is the Third Article of Pope Pius's Creed?
T. MT. also profess that there are truly and properly seven sacraments of the new law, instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord, and necessary for the salvation of mankind, though not all for every one; to wit, Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Extreme Unction, Orders, and Matrimony, and that they confer grace; and that of these, Baptism, Confirmation, and Orders, cannot be reiterated without sacrilege: and I also receive and admit the received and approved ceremonies of the Catholic Church, used in the solemn administration of all the aforesaid sacraments."
E. What is the doctrine of the Church of England respecting the sacraments P
T. The Twenty-fifth Article says: "Sacraments ordained of Christ be not only badges or tokens of Christian men's profession, but rather they be certain sure witnesses, and effeotual signs of grace, and God's good will toward us, by the which he doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen and confirm our faith in him.
"There are two sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel,
that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord.
"Those five commonly called sacraments, that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be counted for sacraments of the Gospel, being such as have grown partly of the corrupt following of the apostles, partly are states of life allowed in the Scriptures; but yet have not like nature of sacraments with Baptism, and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.
"The sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried about, but that we should duly use them. And in such only as worthily receive the same they have a wholesome effect or operation: but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul saith."
E. What saith the Scripture?
T. Christ said, "Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." Matt, xxviii. 19.—"Baptismdoth also now save us, not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience towards God." —1 Pet. iii. 21.
"Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; for this is my blood of the New Testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins."— Matt. xxvi. 26-28. See also Acts ii. 38, 39, 41, 42; Acts xii. 19, 17; Acts ix. 18; Acts x. 47, 48; 1 Cor. xii. 13; Tit. iii. 4-8; Mark xiv. 22-25; Lukexxii. 19,20; 1 Cor. x. 17.
E. What is the Fourth Article of Pope Pius's Creed?
T. "I embrace and receive all and every one of the things which have been defined and declared in the Holy Council of Trent, concerning original sin and justification."
E. When was the Council of Trent held?
T. It assembled A.D. 1545, held twenty-five sessions, and was closed AD. 1563.
E. Where can I find a history of it?
T. In a small book, published by the London Religious Tract Society, called " The Council of Trent: comprising an account of the proceedings of that assembly, and illustrating the spirit and tendency of Popery."
E. What did it "defineand declare on original sin?"
T. It says, that "the Spirit of Jesus Christ is applied both to adults and infants, by the sacrament of Baptism, rightly administered according to the forms of the (Roman) Church."
E. What is the doctrine of the Church of England on original sin?
T. It asserts, that "original sin standeth not in the following of Adam, (as the Pelagians do vainly talk,) but it is the fault and corruption of the nature of every man, that naturally is engendered of the offspring of Adam; whereby man is very far gone from original righteousness, and is of his own nature inclined to evil, so that the flesh lusteth always contrary to the spirit; and therefore in every person born into this world, it deserveth God's wrath and damnation. And this infection of nature doth remain, yea, in them that are regenerated; whereby the lust of the flesh, called in the Greek, (ppovrjpa crapxas, which some do expound the wisdom, some sensuality, some the affection, some the desire, of the flesh, is not subject to the law of God. And although there is no condemnation for them that believe and are baptized, yet the apostle doth confess, that concupiscence and lust hath of itself the nature of sin."
E. Although this 9th Article is almost wholly in the words of Scripture, yet give some references to other portions of Holy Writ.
T. See Gen. v. 3; John iii. 6; Rom. v. 14—19; Job xxv. 4; Ps. li. 5; Ps. lvii. 3; 1 Cor. ii. 14; Rom. vii. 18; Gal. v. 17; Eph. ii. 3; 1 Pet. ii. 11; Rom. vii. 1, &c.; 1 John i. 8— 10; Rom. viii. 7; John v. 24.
E. What is the doctrine of the Council of Trent on justification?
T. There are many canons and decrees; but the following are selected as an example of the
doctrine as stated by them. "If any one shall say that men are justified, either by the imputation of Christ's righteousness alone, or only by the remission of sins, to the exclusion of grace and charity, which is poured into their hearts by the Holy Spirit, and which is inherent in them; or that the grace by which we are justified is the favour of God alone, let him be accursed."—Canon 11.
E. What texts of Scripture are opposed to this canon?
T. Many—but take the following as an example :—" we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law." (Rom. iii. 28.) "Being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ." Rom. v. 1. Read the whole of the Epistles to the Romans, Galatians, and Hebrews.
E, What is the doctrine of the Church of England on justification?
T. It affirms in the Eleventh Article, that "we are accounted righteous before God, only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ by faith, and not for our own works and deservings; wherefore, that we are justified by faith only is a most wholesome doctrine, and very full of comfort, as more largely is expressed in the Homily of Justification."
E. What are the homilies?
T. They are "two books, containing a godly and wholesome doctrine," as the Thirty-fifth Article states, the first of which was "set forth in the time of Edward VI.," and the second in the time of Queen Elizabeth. They should be carefully read quite through by all who would understand and comprehend the tenets of the Church of England.
E. What texts have you to prove the Eleventh Article?
T. Read in addition to the above, Ps. cxliii. 2.; Eph. ii. 8, 9; 2 Cor. v. 21; Jer. xxiii. 6; Acts xiii. 38, 39; Isa. xlv. 24, 25; John i. 29; Phil. iii. 8, 9; Isa. xl. 1, 2; Ps. xxxii. 1, &c.; Ps. li. 1, fro. | Is. i. 18; Isa. liii. 1, &c.; 2 Thess. ii. 16, 17; 1 John ii. 2; 1 John i. 7 ; 1 John v. 8—12 ; Rev. i. 5, 6; Rev. vii. 14; 1 Cor. i. 30.
Charles Simeon On The Duty Of Electors.—"Nov. 19,1822. Old Mr. Grant (with Professor Farish) called on me and dined with me. It was great grief to me that I could not vote for his son on Tuesday next, but I told him that I regarded my vote for a Member of Parliament not as a right but as a trust, to be used conscientiously for the good of the whole kingdom; and his son being a friend to what is called Catholic emancipation, is in my eyes an insur^ mountable objection to his appointment. Gladly would I give to Roman Catholics every privilege that would conduce to their happiness; but to endanger the Protestant ascendancy and stability is a sacrifice which I am not prepared to make. Viewing this matter as I do, I could ho.t vote for Mr. Robert Grant, if he were my own son."—Memoirs, page 576.
Cost Of A Romish Established Church In Ireland.—Mr. Eneas Macdonnell, a Roman Catholic barrister, in a tract lately published, has given this estimate of the probable cost of a Romish established Church in Ireland:—Archbishops, bishops, and deans, 31,000/.; 1,444 parish priests at 200/., 288,800/.; 2,888 curates, at 80/., 231,040/.; total, 551,5401. In the above estimate there is no provision for superannuated ecclesiastics, of any degree.
Oath Of The Roman Catholic Rebels In 1798.—The oath taken by the rebels in 1798:—" I, A. B., do solemnly swear by our Lord Jesus Christ, who suffered for us on the cross, and by the blessed Virgin Mary, that I will burn, destroy, and murder, all heretics, up to my knees in blood: so help me God."—Sir Richard Musgrave s History of Hie Rebellion.
Moral Force.—As some of the principal members of the Young Ireland party were recently returning from a meeting of the "Irish Confederation," they were attacked by a mob of Conciliation Hall Repealers: some of them were knocked down, and all were maltreated. They escaped into a grocer's shop, and the mob immediately smashed the windows. A strong
party of police rescued the beleagured Young Irelanders.
The Virgin Mary. — Notwithstanding the present poverty and misery of Ireland, her churches are ever thronged by her faithful children when called upon to celebrate the glories of her patrons and her protectors. Last Friday, the 16th inst., being the Festival of the Ever blessed Virgin of Mount Carmel, the Carmelite Church, Knoctopher, was the scene of one of those holy gatherings of the pious votaries of Mary. Hundreds from all the surrounding localities participated in the Holy Sacraments on that day. High Mass, with the usual splendour, was celebrated by three of the secular clergy, and the sermon of the day was preached by the Rev. M. Scally. A rapid glance at the trials of poor Ireland during the past year; an enumeration of the glories of Mary, and an exhortation to undeviating confidence in her holy protection and patronage, constituted the discourse. After the sermon followed a grand Procession and Benediction of the Most Holy Sarament; and thus concluded the solemn and inspiring devotions of the 16th July, 1847.— Correspondence.
CABINET. Peace.—Like the rainbow, Peace rests upon the earth, but its arch is lost in heaven! Heaven bathes in it hues of light—it springs up amid tears and clouds—it is a reflection of the eternal sun—it is an assurance of calm—it is the sign of a great covenant between God and man— it is an emanation from the distant orb of immortal light.
When Ireland breaks the yoke of Rome,
And takes her faith from God, Her land shall be as bless'd a home,
As mortal feet have trod. While at man's word she bows her knee,
And lays her bosom bare;
"The curse of God is there."
EDWARD VI., KING OF ENGLAND, AND THE BIBLE.
"Bale relates, upon the authority of credible witnesses, that when three swords were brought to be carried in the procession, as emblematical of his three kingdoms, the King said there was one yet wanting. The nobles inquiring what it was, he answered, 'the Birle,' adding, 'That book is the sword of the Spirit, and to be preferred before these swords. That ought, in all right, to govern us, who use them for the people's safety by God's appointment. Without that sword, we are nothing, we can do nothing, we have no power. From that we are what we are this day. From that we receive whatsoever it is that we at present do assume. He that rules without it, is not to be called God's minister, or a king. Under that we ought to live, to fight, to govern the people, and to perform all our affairs. From that alone we obtain all power, virtue, grace, salvation, and whatsoever we have of Divine strength.'
"When the pious young King had thus expressed himself, he commanded the Bible to be brought with the greatest reverence and carried before him."—British Reformers, Edward VI.
Roman Catholic Electoes.— We have already stated, that during the heat of the Edinburgh election a Meeting of the Roman Catholics of Edinburgh was held, at which a Resolution was passed to support Messrs. Macaulay and Gibson Craig. The Chairman of the Meeting, Mr. Turnbull, in a letter which he had occasion to send to the Scotsman, mentions that his party, "by themselves and their own influence" recorded upwards of 500 votes in favour of the two
Ministerial candidates. — Scottish Record.
Rome.—We learn from Rome that the Cardinal Secretary of State has made choice, from the lists presented by the Governors of the different provinces, of the Deputies who are to assemble at Rome, to make known to the Pope the wishes and wants of the provinces. The Deputies are twenty-three in number, and are convoked for the 5th of November.
The Emigrant Fever In Canada. —The following is an extract from a private letter from Her Majesty's ship Apollo, dated Quebec, July 8, 1847: —" In the midst of life we are in death; it grieves me very much to tell you the heartrending scenes that have taken place in the River St. Lawrence, on the Island of Grasse, the destination of the unfortunate emigrants. There are now seventeen large vessels in quarantine, all from Ireland with emigrants, which have all had the typhus fever on board; the emigrants have been landed on the island. It is an awful sight; there are 9,000 on shore, and 1,900 of them have had the fever: they are dying from sixty to a hundred a-day, and are buried from four to ten in a grave or hole. The evening our ship was there sixty bodies were interred, and 160 remained to be buried the next day. On their passage out upwards of ninety have died in a single day; nearly as many have died as there are now on the island; the poor creatures are living in tents in a wretched state, being nearly naked, and from eight to twelve in a tent, and only one blanket amongst them, and nothing but the ground to lie on. It is enough to make the blood run cold to see the distressed condition they are in; such a sight, I think, no man before ever witnessed; you may judge by your own feeling the state of mine, and you can in a slight degree picture to yourself the state of this country, while the relentless hand of death is mowing thousands down."
Macintosh, Printer, Great New-street, London.
MOVEMENTS OF POPERY.
The increasing circulation which our periodical has attained, as an organ of the Protestant Association, evinces an increase of interest on the part of the Protestant public in the stirring questions of the day. Never was there a time when efforts, prompt, prayerful, energetic, and united, were more peremptorily required on the part of Protestants than now.
It may be wearisome to many so repeatedly to have their attention drawn, in our pages, to the importance of maintaining a No-Popery policy. The garrison who protect the city in time of danger, and the sentry who walks his lonely round, may grow as weary of their unvarying duty as those for whose benefit they endure hardship and encounter danger, and work while others sleep.
Still there is a duty incumbent upon all, as they value their peace and safety, not to relax in one tittle from the efforts already made.
The foe slumbers not, though they may sleep. Evil is restless, active, powerful. It must be opposed by active, prayerful, Christian exertions. They who love the Lord Jesus in sincerity should be found upon their guard against the evils of the day ; much in prayer, watchful and ready to detect and resist the evil one and his emissaries, though their voice may be that of the cooing dove, or the bleating lamb, and their vesture radiant as the clothing of an angel of light.
The influence of Popery is as minute as it is extensive, condescending to the affairs of domestic life, and grasping at authority in Cabinets, and the control of princes.
From the palace to the cottage—from the monarch to the peasant— from youth to age—the Romish system is to be seen at work; endeavouring to assimilate all things to itself, and to annihilate or destroy what is opposed to it.
Liberty and despotism, though not alike congenial with its nature, yet by turns serve to advance its objects. Even the spirit of commerce itself is made subservient to Romish purposes, where Romanism has sufficient influence and interest to work out her plans.
We have heard from one, who spoke from practical experience, the efforts made by Rome to deter influential persons in mercantile transactions from any open efforts to oppose Romanism.
Vol. IX.—October, 1847. x New Series, No. 22.