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iv. 1. See also 1 Pet. ii. 1-3; 2 Tim. that is to say, Baptism, and the i. 3, &c.

Supper of the Lord. É. What is the doctrine of the Those five commonly called sacraChurch of England on this point ? ments, that is to say, Confirmation,

T. It says, in the 6th Article, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and “Holy Scripture containeth all things Extreme Unction, are not to be necessary to salvation : so that what counted for sacraments of the Gospel, soever is not read therein, nor may being such as have grown partly of be proved thereby, is not to be re- the corrupt following of the apostles, garded of any, that it should be be partly are states of life allowed in lieved as an article of the faith, or be the Scriptures; but yet have not thought requisite or necessary to sal- like nature of sacraments with Bapvation. In the name of the Holy tism, and the Lord's Supper, for that Scripture we do understand those they have not any visible sign or canonical books of the Old and New ceremony ordained of God. Testament, of whose authority was “The sacraments were not ordained never any doubt in the Church." of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be

E. What does the Scripture itself carried about, but that we should say?

duly use them. And in such only T. “These are written, that ye as worthily receive the same they might believe that Jesus is the Christ, have a wholesome effect or operation: the Son of God; and that believing but they that receive them unworthily, ye might have life through his name." purchase to themselves damnation, -John xx. 31. See also Luke i. 1-4; as St. Paul saith.” 2 Tim. iv. 2–4; Gal. i. 7-9; Rom. E. What saith the Scripture ? xvi. 25, 26; Jude 2, 3, 17, 20, 21.

T. Christ said, “Go ye, therefore, E. What is the Third Article of and teach all nations, baptizing them Pope Pius's Creed ?

in the name of the Father, and of T. “I also profess that there are the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” truly and properly seven sacraments Matt. xxviii. 19.-"Baptism doth also of the new law, instituted by Jesus now save us, not the putting away of Christ our Lord, and necessary for the filth of the flesh, but the answer the salvation of mankind, though not of a good conscience towards God." all for every one; to wit, Baptism, -1 Pet. iii. 21. Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, “ Jesus took bread, and blessed Extreme Unction, Orders, and Matri. it, and brake it, and gave it to the mony, and that they confer grace; disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is and that of these, Baptism, Confirma- my body. And he took the cup, and tion, and Orders, cannot be reiterated gave thanks, and gave it to them, without sacrilege: and I also receive saying, Drink ye all of it; for this is my and admit the received and approved blood of the New Testament, which ceremonies of the Catholic Church, is shed for many for the remission used in the solemn administration of of sins.”—Matt. xxvi. 26-28. See all the aforesaid sacraments."

also Acts ii. 38, 39, 41, 42; Acts xii. E. What is the doctrine of the 19, 17; Acts ix. 18; Acts x. 47, 48; Church of England respecting the 1 Cor. xii. 13; Tit. iii. 4-8; Mark xiv. sacraments ?

22-25; Luke xxii. 19, 20; 1 Cor. x. 17. T. The Twenty-fifth Article says: E. What is the Fourth Article of “Sacraments ordained of Christ be Pope Pius's Creed ? not only badges or tokens of Christian T. “I embrace and receive all and men's profession, but rather they be every one of the things which have certain sure witnesses, and effectual been defined and declared in the Holy signs of grace, and God's good will Council of Trent, concerning original toward us, by the which he doth work sin and justification." invisibly in us, and doth not only E. When was the Council of Trent quicken, but also strengthen and con- held ? firm our faith in him.

T. It assembled A.D. 1545, held “There are two sacraments ordained twenty-five sessions, and was closed of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, A.D. 1563.

E. Where can I find a history of doctrine as stated by them. "If it ?

any one shall say that men are · T. In a small book, published by justified, either by the imputation of the London Religious Tract Society, Christ's righteousness alone, or only called “ The Council of Trent: com by the remission of sins, to the excluprising an account of the proceedings sion of grace and charity, which is of that assembly, and illustrating the poured into their hearts by the Holy spirit and tendency of Popery." Spirit, and which is inherent in them;

E. What did it “define and declare or that the grace by which we are on original sin ?"

justified is the favour of God alone, - T. It says, that “the Spirit of let him be accursed.”_Canon 11. Jesus Christ is applied both to adults E. What texts of Scripture are and infants, by the sacrament of opposed to this canon ? Baptism, rightly administered accord- T. Many—but take the following ing to the forms of the (Roman) as an example :-"we conclude that Church.”

a man is justified by faith without the E. What is the doctrine of the deeds of the law.” (Rom. iii. 28.) Church of England on original sin? “Being justified by faith, we have

T. It asserts, that “original sin peace with God through our Lord standeth not in the following of Adam, Jesus Christ.” Rom. v. 1. Read the (as the Pelagians do vainly talk,) but whole of the Epistles to the Romans, it is the fault and corruption of Galatians, and Hebrews. the nature of every man, that E. What is the doctrine of the naturally is engendered of the off- Church of England on justification ? spring of Adam ; whereby man is T. It affirms in the Eleventh very far gone from original righteous- Article, that " we are accounted ness, and is of his own nature in righteous before God, only for the clined to evil, so that the flesh merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus lusteth always contrary to the spirit; Christ by faith, and not for our own and therefore in every person born works and deservings; wherefore, that into this world, it deserveth God's we are justified by faith only is a most wrath and damnation. And this in- wholesome doctrine, and very full of fection of nature doth remain, yea, comfort, as more largely is expressed in them that are regenerated; whereby in the Homily of Justification." the lust of the flesh, called in the E. What are the homilies? Greek, opóvnua o apkós, which some do T. They are “ two books, containexpound the wisdom, some sensuality, ing a godly and wholesome doctrine," some the affection, some the desire, of as the Thirty-fifth Article states, the the flesh, is not subject to the law of first of which was " set forth in the God. And although there is no con- time of Edward VI.," and the second demnation for them that believe and in the time of Queen Elizabeth. They are baptized, yet the apostle doth con- should be carefully read quite through fess, that concupiscence and lust hath of by all who would understand and itself the nature of sin."

comprehend the tenets of the Church E. Although this 9th Article is of England. almost wholly in the words of Scrip- E. What texts have you to prove ture, yet give some references to other the Eleventh Article? portions of Holy Writ.

· T. Read in addition to the above, T. See Gen. v. 3; John iii. 6; Ps. cxliii. 2. ; Eph. ii. 8, 9; 2 Cor. V. Rom. v. 14—19; Job xxv. 4; Ps. li. 21; Jer. xxiii. 6; Acts xiii. 38, 39; 5; Ps. lvii. 3; 1 Cor. ii. 14; Rom. Isa. xlv. 24, 25; John i. 29; Phil. iii. vii. 18; Gal. v. 17; Eph. ii. 3; 1 Pet. 8, 9; Isa. xl. 1, 2; Ps. xxxii. 1, &c.; ii. 11; Rom. vii. 1, &c.; 1 John i. 8- Ps. li. 1, &c.; Is. i. 18; Isa. liii. 1, &c.; 10; Rom. viii. 7; John v. 24.

2 Thess. ii, 16, 17; 1 John ii. 2; 1 E. What is the doctrine of the John i. 7; 1 John v. 8-12; Rev. i. 5, Council of Trent on justification ? 6; Rev. vii. 14; 1 Cor. i. 30.

T. There are many canons and decrees; but the following are selected as an example of the

party of police rescued the beleaMISCELLANEOUS.

gured Young Irelanders. CHARLES SIMEON ON THE DUTY THE VIRGIN MARY. — NotwithOF ELECTORS.-—“Nov. 19, 1822. Old standing the present poverty and Mr. Grant (with Professor Farish) misery of Ireland, her churches are called on me and dined with me. It ever thronged by her faithful children was great grief to me that I could not when called upon to celebrate the vote for his son on Tuesday next, glories of her patrons and her probut I told him that I regarded my tectors. Last Friday, the 16th inst., vote for a Member of Parliament not being the Festival of the Ever blessed as a right but as a trust, to be used Virgin of Mount Carmel, the Carconscientiously for the good of the melite Church, Knoctopher, was the whole kingdom; and his son being scene of one of those holy gatherà friend to what is called Catholic ings of the pious votaries of Mary. emancipation, is in my eyes an insur- Hundreds from all the surrounding mountable objection to his appoint localities participated in the Holy ment. Gladly would I give to Roman Sacraments on that day. High Mass, Catholics every privilege that would with the usual splendour, was celeconduce to their happiness; but to brated by three of the secular clergy, endanger the Protestant ascendancy and the sermon of the day was and stability is a sacrifice which I am preached by the Rev. M. Scally. A not prepared to make. Viewing this rapid glance at the trials of poor Irematter as I do, I could not vote land during the past year'; an enumefor Mr. Robert Grant, if he were my ration of the glories of Mary, and own son."--Memoirs, page 576. an exhortation to undeviating confi

Cost OF A Romish ESTABLISHED dence in her holy protection and CHURCH IN IRELAND.-Mr. Eneas patronage, constituted the discourse. Macdonnell, a Roman Catholic bar- After the sermon followed a grand rister, in a tract lately published, has Procession and Benediction of the given this estimate of the probable Most Holy Sarament; and thus concost of a Romish established Church cluded the solemn and inspiring in Ireland :-Archbishops, bishops, devotions of the 16th July, 1847. and deans, 31,0001.; 1,444 parish Correspondence. priests at 2001., 288,8001. ; 2,888 curates, at 801., 231,0401. ; total, 551,5401. In the above estimate there

CABINET. is no provision for superannuated PEACE.—Like the rainbow, Peace ecclesiastics, of any degree.

rests upon the earth, but its arch is OATH OF THE ROMAN CATHOLIC lost in heaven! Heaven bathes in it REBELS IN 1798.-The oath taken hues of light-it springs up amid by the rebels in 1798:-“I, A. B., do tears and clouds--it is a reflection solemnly swear by our Lord Jesus of the eternal sun-it is an assurance Christ, who suffered for us on the of calm—it is the sign of a great cross, and by the blessed Virgin Mary, covenant between God and manthat I will burn, destroy, and murder, it is an emanation from the distant all heretics, up to my knees in blood: orb of immortal light. so help me God.”—Sir Richard Musgrave's History of the Rebellion. MORAL FORCE.-As some of the

POETRY. principal members of the Young Ire. WHEN Ireland breaks the yoke of land party were recently returning

Rome, from a meeting of the "Irish Con And takes her faith from God, federation,” they were attacked Her land shall be as bless'd a home, by a mob of Conciliation Hall As mortal feet have trod. Repealers: some of them were While at man's word she bows her knocked down, and all were mal knee, treated. They escaped into a grocer's And lays her bosom bare; shop, and the mob' immediately Ill fated land! her name shall be, smashed the windows. A strong “The curse of God is there."

Ministerial candidates. - Scottish ANECDOTE.


ROME.—We learn from Rome that EDWARD VI., KING OF ENGLAND, AND

the Cardinal Secretary of State has THE BIBLE,

made choice, from the lists presented “ BALE relates, upon the authority by the Governors of the different of credible witnesses, that when three provinces, of the Deputies who are swords were brought to be carried in to assemble at Rome, to make known the procession, as emblematical of his to the Pope the wishes and wants of three kingdoms, the King said there the provinces. The Deputies are was one yet wanting. The nobles twenty-three in number, and are coninquiring what it was, he answered, voked for the 5th of November. • THE BIBLE,' adding, “That book is THE EMIGRANT FEVER IN CANADA. the sword of the Spirit, and to be — The following is an extract from a preferred before these swords. That private letter from Her Majesty's ship ought, in all right, to govern us, who Apollo, dated Quebec, July 8, 1817 use them for the people's safety by - In the midst of life we are in God's appointment. Without that death; it grieres me very much to sword, we are nothing, we can do tell you the heartrending scenes that nothing, we have no power. From have taken place in the River St. that we are what we are this day. Lawrence, on the Island of Grasse, From that we receive whatsoever it the destination of the unfortunate is that we at present do assume. He emigrants. There are now seventeen that rules without it, is not to be called large vessels in quarantine, all from God's minister, or a king; Under Ireland with emigrants, which have that we ought to live, to fight, to go- all had the typhus fever on board; vern the people, and to perform all our the emigrants have been landed on affairs. From that alone we obtain all the island. It is an awful sight; power, virtue, grace, salvation, and there are 9,000 on shore, and 1,900 whatsoever we have of Divine strength of them have had the fever: they are

• When the pious young ing dying from sixty to a hundred a-day, had thus expressed himself

, he com- and are buried from four to ten in a manded the Bible to be brought with grave or hole. The evening our ship the greatest rererence and carried be was there sisty bodies were interred, fore him.”—British Reformers, Ed- and 160 remained to be buried the ward VI.

next day. On their passage out upwards of ninety have died in a single

day; nearly as many have died as INTELLIGENCE.

there are now on the island; the poor

creatures are living in tents in a ROMAN CATHOLIC ELECTORS.— wretched state, being nearly naked, We have already stated, that during and from eight to twelve in a tent, the heat of the Edinburgh election à and only one blanket amongst them, Meeting of the Roman Catholies of and nothing but the ground to lie on. Edinburgh was held, at which a Re- It is enough to make the blood run solution was passed to support Messrs. cold to see the distressed condition Macaulay and Gibson Craig. The they are in ; such a sight, I think, no Chairman of the Meeting, Ir. Turn. man before ever witnessed; you may bull, in a letter which he had oecasion judge by your own feeling the state to send to the Scotsman, mentions of mine, and you can in a slight that his party,“ by themselres end degree picture to yourself the state of their own in fiue nee," recorded upwaris this country, while the relentless hand of 500) votes in favour of the two of death is mowing thousands down.”

Macintosh, Printer, Great New-street, London.



OCTOBER, 1847.


The increasing circulation which our periodical has attained, as an organ of the Protestant Association, evinces an increase of interest on the part of the Protestant public in the stirring questions of the day. Never was there a time when efforts, prompt, prayerful, energetic, and united, were more peremptorily required on the part of Protestants than now.

It may be wearisome to many so repeatedly to have their attention drawn, in our pages, to the importance of maintaining a No-Popery policy. The garrison who protect the city in time of danger, and the sentry who walks his lonely round, may grow as weary of their unvarying duty as those for whose benefit they endure hardship and encounter danger, and work while others sleep.

Still there is a duty incumbent upon all, as they value their peace and safety, not to relax in one tittle from the efforts already made.

The foe slumbers not, though they may sleep. Evil is restless, active, powerful. It must be opposed by active, prayerful, Christian exertions. They who love the Lord Jesus in sincerity should be found upon their guard against the evils of the day; much in prayer, watchful and ready to detect and resist the evil one and his emissaries, though their voice may be that of the cooing dove, or the bleating lamb, and their vesture radiant as the clothing of an angel of light.

The influence of Popery is as minute as it is extensive, condescending to the affairs of domestic life, and grasping at authority in Cabinets, and the control of princes.

From the palace to the cottage—from the monarch to the peasantfrom youth to age—the Romish system is to be seen at work ; endeavouring to assimilate all things to itself, and to annihilate or destroy what is opposed to it.

Liberty and despotism, though not alike congenial with its nature, yet by turns serve to advance its objects. Even the spirit of commerce itself is made subservient to Romish purposes, where Romanism has sufficient influence and interest to work out her plans.

We have heard from one, who spoke from practical experience, the efforts made by Rome to deter influential persons in mercantile transactions from any open efforts to oppose Romanism. VOL. IX.- October, 1847.

New Series, No. 22.


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